叙事类文章的内容包括“主题、情节和主旨”三个方面，其中“情节”是主要 部分， “主题”和“主旨”有时藏于“情节”之中。 但在写摘要时， 不能仅仅描写“情节”， 必要时要点出“主题”和“主旨”。 重点诠释： 1．记叙文是以叙述人物的经历或事物的发展变化的过程为主的一种文体。 2．在记叙文体的高考书面表达中，命题形
4．由于记叙文叙述的事情通常发生在过去，因而，其时态主要用一般过去时。 5．记叙文通常是按照事情发展的先后顺序来表达内容的。 写作步骤与技巧： 1．了解大意 做题目前， 要浏览短文，了解大意。如通过浏览标题、首段及各段首句等。 2．找关键词 找关键词就是找记叙文的六个要素。一般说来，任何事情或事件(what)都会 有时间(when)、地点(where)、可能涉及到的人物(who)、原因(why)、经过(how)、 结果(result)。在阅读时将关键词划出来。 3．组词成句 依照原文内容，将上述关键词扩展成完整的句子。 4．连句成篇 根据事情发生的顺序， 用适当的连接性词语，将上述体现文章要点的句 子连接起来，成为一篇较为通顺的短文。 例题 1：阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 My Mother’s Hands The 6yearold kid watched in silence as the man behind the desk, the headmaster of the school, shook his head more than once to his mother. Minutes later, mother and son walked slowly out of the school, her fight hand holding his little hand, her left holding an umbrella to shield both of them from sun. “Where are we going now, mother？” asked the kid, looking up at her. “To another school， ”was her gentle reply. For some reason, the little kid had not been accepted by the school, and she was taking him to another, to try to get him registered. That was more than 50 years ago. That woman was my mother；that little kid was me. 50 years later, the day after my mother had slipped into a coma from a stroke, I sat next to her, holding her hand, stroking it, watching her body heaved up and down as she breathed heavily, like she was struggling with something. Her eyes were closed, and her mouth was open. I whispered softly to her, “Mum, it’s okay. You have given us everything. You can let go now. No need to struggle anymore, Mum. ” A few days later, Mum died. At her bedside, I spent some time just looking at
my mother, soaking in the finality of her death. There she was, my mother, motionless and lifeless. I took hold of her still warm but lifeless hand, holding it for the last time, recalling every piece of precious moment we spent together… I finally let go of her hand—lifeless, yet having given so much life to so many of us—and placed it next to her body. I found myself saying silently to her the only words that came to my mind, “Goodbye, Mum, thank you for everything.” Thank you, mother, for not giving up, so that I could go to school.Thank you for coaching me, for reading to me, for ironing my school uniforms, for combing my hair, for tying my shoe laces, for making sure I had a little handkerchief inside my pocket… Rest in peace, mother, you are still very much alive in us. Happy Mother’s Day. 【写作内容】 有人说， 因为上帝不能无处不在， 所以他创造了“母亲”。你的母亲是一位 怎样的女性？请以“母亲”为主题写一篇记叙文， 结合自身的经历讲述母亲对你 的爱或者她对你成长的影响。内容要点包括： 1．以约 30 个词概括以上短文内容。 2． 然后以约 120 个词讲述母亲对你的爱或者她对你成长的影响， 并包括以下要 点： (1)描述你的母亲。 (2)简述她对你的影响。 (3)你准备怎样表达对她的感激之情？ 【写作要求】 1． 在作文中可以使用自己亲身的经历或虚构的故事， 也可以参照阅读 材料的内容， 但不得直接引用原文中的句子。 2．文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】 概括准确， 语言规范， 内容合适， 篇章连贯。
例题 2 （1）阅读下面的短文， 然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 I once met a middleaged stranger who said his money had been stolen at the railway station, so he had no money to go home. He begged for help from passersby, but they all pretended not to have heard what he was saying and went by quickly. Then he stopped me and wanted me to give him the help. At first I could not accept that because I didn’t think he was telling the truth. But when I saw tears in his eyes, I began to believe that he might be in the real trouble, so, just immediately I gave him all the money I had. When he took the money, his face turned red. Before he left, he expressed his great thanks and also said he would give back my money when he reached home. When I came back to school and told my classmates about my story, they held different opinions. Some of them thought that I did a good deed to have given a hand to the person in trouble, while others said that I was cheated. Some even laughed at me and called me a fool who could not judge things in the right way. Now, I am really confused! [写作内容] 1．以约 30 个词概括短文的要点。 2．然后以约 120 个词发表看法， 并包括如下要点： (1)叙述你或你的朋友给予陌生人以帮助的一次真实或虚构的经历。 (2)说明你的理由。
例题 2 (二)阅读下面的短文， 然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 A letter from an American teacher Patti June 15, 2010 Dear Li Hua and all students， Thank you for caring about me so much. I have been back to US a couple of days; how much I feel the feeling of missing you all. I’m doing well here. Now I am working in a college in my hometown. I work hard with all my energies. I enjoy the new environment and new life. There are a lot of things that totally differ from those of in China. It could not tell just in simple words. Only if one experiences by himself. I’m sure you would have a chance to tell the feeling to yourself someday—the day expected not too far away. I’d like to say that if you hope to know what the human right or dignity should be alike, what the freedom should be alike and what is a harmonious society should be alike, very much like China, try hard to taste US. Yours， Patti [写作内容] 1．以约 30 个词概括短文的要点。 2．然后以约 120 个词代李华写一封感谢信， 表达对 Patti 的思念、爱 戴和尊敬， 信的内容包括如下要点： (1)对 Patti 教学的评价。 (2)对她的思念和感激。 (3) 对她的祝愿。 [写作要求] 1． 作文中可使用自己的亲身经历或虚构的故事， 也可以参照阅读材料 的内容但不得直接引用原文中的句子。 2．文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 [评分标准] 概括准确， 语言规范， 内容合适， 篇章连贯。
例题 1【参考范文】 The writer expresses his gratitude for his mother’s dedication and endless effort in raising him. In his memory, it is her hand that leads him through various moments in his life. The passage reminds me of my mother, from whom I learn to be a better person. Mum is an ordinary housewife. She is not beautiful, but she is very popular. You can always see her sitting together with some old ladies doing some little craftworks, with attention focused on the work while chatting with others. She always tells me, “Never put your palms upwards but downwards！” I didn’t know why, so I would stare at her hands whenever I had nothing to do. Then I found that they were busy doing cleaning, washing, cooking, and helping others. I never knew such short small and fat hands could do so many things. Holding her hands, I asked mum why we couldn’t put the palms upwards. She told me help. Instead, we should try to solve problems by ourselves or make our own bread. But if others needed help, we should give our hands at the first second. I forever bear in mind the lesson she taught me. To show my gratitude to her, I will spare no effort to work harder so that she can have a better life in the future. (一)【参考范文】 Help or Not? In this passage, the writer mainly tells us his experience of giving help to a stranger, which made him very confused because his classmates held different points of views about his deed. One evening, father was driving me home when a stranger stopped us and said he needed a ride badly. I felt a little worried thinking of our safety. But father did as asked. But seven days later, we were very surprised to receive a letter from him, which read: “Thank you so much for helping me so that I was able to make it to my dying wife’s bedside just before she passed away. God bless you for helping me and unselfishly serving others. Sincerely yours, Tom.” Nobody can tell when he is in trouble. If so, he, including a stranger needs love and help. If everybody just looks on, what will our world be? But it is not unusual that quite a few strangers cheat people out of their kindness, so, be careful when giving help!
(二) 【参考范文】 June 20, 2010 Dear Patti， We are very excited to hear from you. From your letter I know that you have a strong feeling of missing us, and your new working environment in the USA and your great wish for our visit to your motherland. We still can’t forget the lively English classes you gave us. In your class, we never felt bored, and you led us to the beautiful English world in very interesting
ways. What impresses us deeply is your charming smile, and your creative work. You are so friendly to us that we all love to make friends with you. Because of your patience, our English has improved a lot. We want to express our heartfelt thanks for your teaching and your encouragement. We will always remember the days when you were with us. You are more than a teacher but a friend to us. We are very glad to hear that you enjoy your new life in USA.Take care of yourself, and remember we are always together with you! Wish you all the best! Yours， Li Hua