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高考英语语法填空解题技巧与练习1


高考英语语法填空解题 技巧与练习 本文章内容导读 一、动词(谓语/非谓语) 二、名词 三、代词 词 六、连词(从属连词/并列连词) 八、形容词/副词 九、挖掉表示起承转合的副词 十、词形变化或者词性变化 四、冠词 五、介

七、情态动词 或副词性短语

十一、特殊句型(或固定短语) 十二、定语从句的引导词. 十 三、状语从句 十四、名词性从

句 十五、 时态、语态 十六、 非谓语动词和独立主格结构 十七、

倒装语序、主谓一致关系、强调结构及其他 语法填空的考查范围: 1 语境(上下文); 2 语法: 动词(时态、语态、主谓一致、非谓语形式)、名词、 代词、冠词、介词、连词 固定搭配、情态动词、复合句、形容词 和副词的比较级最高级及构词法、倒装等。 语法填空的能力要求: 1.阅读/理解语篇的能力 2.分析句子结构的能力 3.熟练运用语法的能力 4.单词拼写能力和逻辑推理能力等,对中 下层考生来说,难度较大。 重点复习:掌握句子的基本结构 首先,我们必须熟练掌握简单句的基本句型结构: (1) 主语+谓语(+宾语+宾补) (2) 主语+系动词+表语 其次,我们要充分了解充当各个句子成分的典型词类:

(1) 充当主语或宾语的典型词类是名词或代词。此外,还有动 名词、不定式短语等。 (2) 充当谓语的一定是动词。(3) 充当补语或表语的典型

词类是形容词。 (4) 词。 (5) 作状语的典型词类是副词。 在名词前作定语的典型词类是形容词或形容词性物主代

再次,我们还要掌握句子的扩展结构:两个或几个简单句之间若 不用句号或分号,就必须要用连词,否则,句子的结构就不完整。 连词主要有以下四类: (1) 用 and, but,or,while(而,却),when(就在这个时候)等 构成并列句。 (2) 用 if,unless,before,after,until,although,though,as,since,be cause,so,so that 等构成含状语从句的复合句 (3) 用 who, which, that, when, where, why 等构成含定语从 句的复合句。(这里要提醒考生的是往往不给任何提示的空就是 填连词或关系词的,但也须结合句子结构来分析。) (4) 用 that,if/whether(是否),wh-等构成含名词性从句的复 合句。 解题方法:用句子结构分析法巧解语法填空.分析句子的结构对解 答语法填空题很有帮助。在解答语法填空题时,分析句子结构可 以迅速确定所要填的词语的词类或大致方向,若再结合语境就可

以很快得出具体的词语或词形,结合语境方面要特别注意短文的 时态和上下文中的一些提示。 如: 阅读下面短文,根据上下文填入适当的词语,或使用括号中 的词语的适当形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡上标号的相应位 置。 下面是一些基本语法的解析,结合以往的一些单项选择考题作为 理解之用(加深对基础语法的理解,对各个部分都有指导作用): 一、动词(谓语/非谓语) 给出动词的原形,根据句子结构的需要给出其适当的形式。填动 词形式,首先抓住主谓结构,确定主句,剩下的部分,如有连词, 则是句子,仍然有主谓结构,否则就用非谓语;是谓语就思考时 态,语态,主谓一致,是非谓语就看主动被动,有否先后关系。 动词及动词短语辨析 主要考查的知识点:每年必考的考点,主要从以下几个角度来命 题: ② 惯性用法。测试语境中动词的词义辨析;测试一些习惯用语 中的动词;测试一些系动词。 ②下列动词组成的短语:break,carry,come,get,give,go, look,pick,send,set,take,turn。英语词组的深层含义挖掘、 多种含义拓宽也是当今考题的一个热点。每年的高考英语科考试 大纲中虽列出了单词和词组,但并未注明其具体的含义,这就给 命题者留下了自由的伸缩空间。所以在复习时,不能拘泥于其在 教材上的含义,要大胆地对其深层含义进行挖掘。如:go out 便 可挖掘出以下含义:出去;出国;发出去;贴出去;出去参加社

交活动;离家出去工作;压塌;(火)熄灭;过时;死去;消失; 辞职;下台;结束;罢工等。(在完形填空中多加注意) 1. ? Ms Chen _________ (teach) me English since Junior 1,

and to show my appreciation I decided to get her a present. (广州一模) 2. ? I was certain she would like it because I ___________ (tell) by my classmates that she loved hot food. (广州一 模) 3. ? The exam, which was originally to be held in our classroom,__________ (change) to the library at the last minute. .(广州二模) 4. I had to leave work to take him to the hospital because he __________ (break) his finger. (深二模) 5. The child, Nicole Hobson,___________ (take) by her

mother to Children's Memorial Hospital about 11 p.m., Wednesday to check ?(汕头二模) 6.A transit spokesman said the driver should _________ (make) radio call to the control center for help. (汕头二模) 7. An official from the Ministry of Education said that China follows an educational policy that__________ (encourage) students to study abroad. (茂名二模) 8. One of them was a visitor, saying he wouldn’t have been there if he ______ (watch)the weather forecast the day before. (梅州二模)

9.

We must also consider the reaction of the person

___________ (receive) the gift. (广州一模) 10 ? With the problem achievement. .(广州二模) 11 ? I then noticed that I had just 10 minutes left_ ________ (complete) the rest. .(广州二模) 12.____________ ( compare) with the previous year, the (solve), I felt proud of my

number of students who went abroad for study was increased by 15 ,000, or a rise of 13%. (茂名二模) 13.We must practise speaking and__________ language whenever we can. 14. but it is not enough only _____________ from a grammar book. (佛山一模) 15. The television viewer makes no choice and no judgment. He is completely passive and has everything ______ (present) to him without any effort on his part. (东莞一模) 二、名词 主要考查的知识点:名词的用法,语境中词性的判断,词的转化。 在语法填空题中常出现给一个提示词要求用它的正确形式填空, 重点复习:①掌握名词单复数的变化规律以及与相近语法的关系 (名词单复数的使用受冠词、数词和主谓一致等语法的制约,因 此复习名词单复数时,应注意分析名词前的数词、量词、冠词等 修饰语情况,还应注意主谓一致问题)。②熟悉、区别可数不可 数(英语中有些名词有时为可数名词,而有时又是不可数名词, (memorize) rules (write) the

其区别由各自不同的用法而定,这是名词可数性用法的难点)。 如:work 工作,不可数名词;著作 作品,可数;工厂 作坊,可 数;工程 工事,可数。③掌握名词所有格的表示方法和名词作定 语的用法,特别注意 else 的所有格、双重所有格的用法。 1.Father went to his doctor for_______ (advise)about his heart trouble. 2. There are ten__________ (woman)teachers and two hundred ________(girl) students in the school. 3. Facing cut-throat ______ (compete) in all subjects, students must devote as much of their time as possible. 4. I shall never fear difficulty and I shall never know the _______ (exist) of the word “failure”. 6. Not long ago he sent ______(word) that he would return with his family. 7. She was in London and spent her ________(young) in China. 8. The ________ (erupt) of Mount Kilauea, one of the most active volcanoes in Hawaii, is always taking people by surprise. 9. His _________ (curious) made him wonder about clouds. 11. The number of languages is getting smaller all the time because of the steady ________ (grow) of bigger languages. 12. Tight jeans and trousers, short skirts and even sensible flat shoes may all cause _____ (ill). 三、代词 主要考查的知识点:不定代词和替代词的用法,It 的用法和人称 代词宾格。复习重点:①指代必须准确无误。②在使用人称代词、 反身代词、物主代词这三类代词时,要注意它们在句中的人称、 单复数及性别与所有格的一致性。 ③疑问代词的用法。 ④it, one, that 是高考命题锁定的三个代词。

1. ?I patiently walked to the library, took my seat and did some deep breathing to help ___________relax (广州二模) 2. The little boy pulled_______ right hand out of the pocket

and studied a number of coins in it. (深一模) 3. ?the driver did ___________ to help and even stopped

once to pick up more passengers.(汕头二模) 4. If you give your children ? that they can never do anything quite right, then they will regard _____ unable persons. (深圳罗湖) 5. Some 134,000 Chinese students went to study abroad, and 120,000 of _______ 模) 6.Firstly, we must understand the language when we hear________ spoken.(佛山一模) 四、冠词 主要考查的知识点:冠词的基本用法、零冠词的用法、抽象名词 具体化和固定搭配。 复习重点:(1)定冠词的用法:主要是一些记忆性的东西,比较 繁杂,可以记几个顺口溜:特指双熟悉,上文已提及;世上独无 二,序数最高级;普转专有名,习语及乐器。 ② 特指” 指某些人或事物。 如: The Englishmen in the dining room are having supper now. were self-funded students,?(茂名二 as unfit or

②谈话双方都熟悉的人或事物,即“语境特指”。如:Take the medicine. ③ 上文已提及的人或事物,即“前照应特指”。如:He bought a house. I have been to the house. ④ 世界上独一无二的事物。如:The sun sets. ⑤ 序数词或形容词最高级前。如:I live on the second floor. ⑥ 由普通名词构成的专有名词前。如:The United States. ⑦ 一些习惯短语中或西洋乐器前。如:in the way,by the hour, on the other hand,all the year round,play the piano the violin. 2)不加冠词的几种情况:下列情况应免冠,代词限定名词前;专 有名词不可数,学科球类三餐饭;复数名词表泛指,两节星期月 份前;颜色语种和国名,称呼习语及头衔。 ①名词前已有作定语用的 this,that,some,any,my 等限定词。 ②专有名词和不可数名词前。如:Unity is strength. ③表示学科的名词前。如:Economics is different from politics. ④球类活动的名词及三餐总称前。如:He likes playing football and always has supper outside. ⑤复数名词表示泛指(一类人 或事物)时。如:They are students and we are teachers. ⑥节日、季节、星期、月份前。如:Spring follows winter. We have few classes on Sunday. ⑧ 表示颜色、语种和国家的非全称名词前。如:White is a beautiful color in China.

⑨ 在称呼语或表示头衔的名词前。如:Where is Dad,Mum?Bush was made president of the USA again. ⑩ 某些习惯短语中。如:in bed,in spite of,by chance,lose heart,catch fire,catch sight of,go to school,find fault with,make use of,take exception to(反对)。(零冠词 在语法填空的练习中只出现过一次,正规模拟考试中没有出现 过,我们只作了解,不作为重点。) 3)不定冠词的几种特殊用法: ①专有名词前用不定冠词,表示“像??的一个人或物”。如: He thinks he is a Napoleon. ②姓名前用不定冠词,表示“某个叫??的人”,多指不认识的 人。如:A Miss Smith came to see you that afternoon. ③用于某些物质名词前, 表示“一种、 一份、 一阵”等。 如: —What would you like to drink?—A tea and a coffee. ④用于某些抽象名词前,使抽象概念具体化。这种用法的名词有 surprise,knowledge,success,failure,pleasure,interest, joy 等等。如:All his efforts ended in failure. ⑤不定冠词用在 population,history,area,height,weight, depth,length,speed 等词前。 1.? But my mood quickly changed when I saw_____ first question. (广州二模) 2? Then I went to the department store ? and bought her ______ expensive gift box of Sichuan beef. .(广州一模)

3. Tom,________ shop. (深一模)

8—year—old boy, entered a hotel coffee

4.He talked about how I wrestled with him in the evenings and _____ good many other things. (深二模) 5. I told the bus driver that my baby had just had heart operation and that she was having ____ heart failure. (汕 头二模) 6.Television is not only a convenient source of entertainment, but also _____ comparatively cheap one. (东 莞一模) 五、介词 介词为虚词,不能单独充当句子成分,必须同名词、代词、短语、 句子构成介词短语,才能充当句子成分。介词短语在句中常作表 语、定语、状语和补足语。介词的用法比较复杂,在英语学习中 须多多注意。 想看基础知识,请看介词。 下面我们来学点介词口诀。帮你快速记单词。 before 时空在之前, after 之后 off 远。 直上 over,above 斜, under,below 下相反。 直到 till,on 表面, 穿过 through,for 因缘。 by 表旁边 in 里面, with 伴随 by 车船。 时间地点 at、 in、 on,二者 between 多 among,behind 后面 beside 旁, 附近 near 沿着 along。 from 来自 like 像, 表示目的 for,to 当。 of 所属周围 round, 向上 up 向下 down。

1.I was always told that the three Ps,?,were a sure path_______ success. (广州二模) your present work and

2."Don't be always particular ______ income. (惠州一模)

3. It began to make sense to me that I could include praise along ______ constructive criticism. (深二模) 4. He showed the public a limited edition four-wheel drive car, which is especially made (梅州一模) 5. Five were in critical condition______ head trauma( 外伤, 损伤), said Liz Crouch, the center's chief operating officer. (梅州二模) 6.There is no easy way to success _________ learning. 六、连词(从属连词/并列连词) A) 引导各种从句的连词叫从属连词。如名词性从句的引导词 what, who, which, when, where, whatever, whoever, whichever, whether;副词从句引导词 where, wherever, when, if , how, unless, until ? 1. ? Many things must be considered such as _______ the language _______his personal taste.

person is interested in and how old he is. (广州一模) 2.My face turned red on hearing _______ 州一模) my mother said. (惠

3. she would point out_________ they had mastered and declared firmly they could learn what they had missed. (深 圳罗湖) 4.The American Academy of Pediatrics (儿科) says_________ children really need for health development is more good, old-fashioned playtime.(四校联考) 5. I almost started to yell his name _____ I suddenly remembered he was in bed asleep. (深二模) 6._______ children believe they can succeed, they will never become totally independent. 7. Statistics show that_________ China carried out the

opening - up policy, a total of one million students have gone abroad for study. (茂名二模) 8._________ we are satisfied with only a few rules we have

memorized, we are not really learning the language. (佛 山一模) 9. Some people, however, maintain that this is precisely _________ the danger lies. B) 并列句的各种关联词叫并列连词。如 and, but, or, though, although, so? 挖掉关联词,要想补上连词,思路必须与作者思 路相吻合。 1.? I had no idea how to do it. I tried to stay positive and persevered ______ 州二模) I finally found the solution. (广

2.? I asked my classmates about her interest ________ I made my final decision. (广州一模) 3.Tom, an 8—year—old boy, entered a hotel coffee shop _____ sat at a table.(深一模)

七、情态动词 主要考查的知识点:情态动词的基本含义和用法;情态动词表推 测的用法以及“情态动词 + have+ v ed”结构等。 重点复习:① may might,can could 表 示 可 能。② must can could may might(have done)表示对过去发生事情的推测。 ③should ought to + have + done 表示对过去的责备。④would rather + have done 以及 had better + have done 表示后悔。 ⑤will shall 表示请求,许可。⑥could might should have done 表示虚拟语气。 八、形容词/副词 主要考查的知识点:形容词作定语,形容词和副词的比较等级, 词义比较等。 重点复习:①形容词和副词均属修饰性词类,但因被修饰的内容 有所不同而具备不同的用法,高考非常注重对此进行考查,在完 形填空和语法填空中出现过大量此类试题。(形容词与连系动词 连用及修饰名词;修饰行为动词、形容词、副词、过去分词及整 个句中用副词)②两个事物进行比较应用比较级,三个或三个以 上事物进行比较应用最高级。③形容词和副词在特定的语境中词 义的比较。④比较级的程度修饰语(much,very much,a lot,a great deal, far, by far, even, still, a bit, a little, rather,

any,数词,倍数,分数,百分数等)。⑤易混副词的辨析。如: specially /especially/ particularly 等。 1. One of the __________ (bad) gift choices I ever made was for my high school English teacher, Ms Chen. (广州一模) 2. I put the paper aside and turned to the _____ one, at the top of which?(深二模) 3. Many other actors are __ present,?(惠州一模) 4. In 2006, over 40,000 overseas students came back, with 33,000 of them being self-fund students, 20% ______ the year before. (茂名二模) 九、挖掉表示起承转合的副词或副词性短语 此功能于关联词相似。只是这种副词(短语)在用法上更加灵活 多变。典型的有 though, however, also, therefore, still, besides, in addition, instead, or ,otherwise,first, second, then, finally, in a word 等等。 1.This, _______ , didn’t bother me because maths had (广州二模) ________ than __ (badly)off than me at

always been my strongest subject.

2. Don’t always scold and give lots of praise (深圳罗湖) 十、词形变化或者词性变化.

给出单词的原形,通过句子分析,缺少什么成分,再用正确的单 词形式补充完整。这属于比较基础的单词拼写方面的能力要求。

1? Mr Chen has taught me English since Junior 1, and to show my _______________ decided to get her a present. (广州一模) (appreciate) I

2. ? ______ (fortunate), I then noticed that I had just 10 minutes to complete the rest. (广州二模)

3. Some people were now waiting for her service and the waitress grew a bit____________ (patience). (深一模) 4. “Thirty-five cents,” she said _____________ (深一模) 5. I don’t know if he placed the poem next to the failing grade to ______ (soft) the blow, but it work. (深二模) 6. I must know how to care for others and try not to _________ (understand) them. (惠州一模) 7. you have done well and made great achievement in the _ ______ (entertain) field. (惠一模) (contribute) to (rude).

8. These people have made great___________ China with their work.(茂名二模) 9. ?to check her___________ pacemaker. (汕头二模)

(recent) inserted (插入)

10.The tornadoes damaged several______(new) built buildings,?(梅州二模)

11.Numerous studies have shown that free play is very ___________ (benefit). It can help children become

creative?(四校联考) 12 they can see plays, films, operas, and shows of every kind, not to mention the latest _______ (东莞一模) 十一、特殊句型(或固定短语) 考查对固定结构(短语)的熟悉掌握程度。属于字词层面考查语 法。 1.It was not long _________ the waitress came back and (excite) football match.

then she began to wipe down the table. 2. ?________ was only after I heard she became sick that I learned she couldn’t eat MSG! (广州一模) 3. So careless was I _______ I had forgotten all about that. (深二模) 4.?"as a matter of _________ great achievement?(惠州一模) 十二、定语从句的引导词. 主要考查的知识点:引导定语从句的关系代词和关系副词的选择, 非限制性定语从句,由 whose,where,when,that,as 和“介词 + 关系代词”引导的定语从句是高考的热点。 复习重点:①when 引导的定语从句。②where 引导的定语从句和 地点状语从句、 表语从句的区别。③which 引导非限制性定语从句 时(句子作先行词)和并列句的区别。④as 引导的定语从句 , you have done well and made

“such...as、the same...as”,以及和目的 结果状语从句的辨 别。⑤分隔式定语从句的识别。⑥能够区别定语从句和同位语从 句。 1.?The exam,________ was originally to be held in our classroom, was changed to the library at the last minute.(广 州二模) 2? Then I went to the department store__________ part-time and bought beef. (广州一模) 3. It was a poem about me, ______ included the time ?(深 二模) 4. At the same time, there had been a growing number of overseas students study. (茂名二模) 5. More and more Chinese students go abroad for study,________ (茂名二模) 十三、状语从句 主要考查的知识点:时间、目的、条件、原因、地点和让步状 语从句。 重点复习:①时间状语从句,尤其是 as,since,while,when, before,until 等连接词。②when / where 引导的状语从句和定 语从句的区别。③让步状语从句的倒装。④与非谓语动词作状语 的区别和转化。 is supported by the Chinese government. _______came back to China after I worked

her an expensive gift box of Sichuan

1 2 3 4

No sooner had he arrived ______ he went away again. _______ he was tired, he kept on working.

She didn’t get up ______ her mother came in. The thief had hardly entered the house ____ he was caught. 5. Scientists say it may be five or ten years ___ it is possible to test this medicine on human patients. 6. We were swimming in the lake _____ suddenly the storm started. 十四、名词性从句 主要考查的知识点:名词性从句主要考查语序、时态和引导词。 重点复习: ①whether, if 和 that 的区别。 ②that 从句和 wh- 从 句的区别。③wh- 引导的名词性从句不含疑问意义,相当于一个 名词后加定语从句。如:The book is where you left it just now.④连接代词和连接副词的选择。 1.________ he’ll attend the meeting is not known yet. 2.It is known to all that ____ you exercise regularly, you won’t keep good health. 十五、 时态、语态 主要考查的知识点:动词的时态、语态是每年的必考点,也是历 年高考重点考查的项目,通常考 2~ 3 个小题。重点考查的是现 在完成时、一般过去时、过去进行时、将来完成时、完成进行时 等,多和语态一起考查;且通常以对话的形式出现且常出现两种 时态混合在一起进行比较。时态理解不准确是考生常见的错误。 把握住命题人的意图是至关重要的。一般来说,命题人在考查时 态这个内容时总是设置一个语言情景来实现,所以理解语言情景

是关键,同时要在这个语言环境里找到动作发生的时间或隐含的 时间关系,只要理解了情景与动作的时间关系,对照选项,就不 难把握命题意图。注意不要断章取义,同时还要注意时态一致。 重点复习:①一般现在时和一般过去时的区别。②现在完成时和 一般过去时的区别。③一般过去时同过去完成时的区别。④一般 现在时和现在进行时以及一般过去时同过去进行时的区别。 ⑤ “系 动词 + 过去分词”的用法。如:get paid;remain covered;look lost 等形式的用法。 ⑥进行时态的被动语态及主动表被动的用法。 1. To find the street where I lived in my childhood is no easy task because the city ______ (change)so rapidly all these years. 2. He ______ (swim) quite well, but he hasn’t had time to swim since this summer. 3 Jimmy said that he would come to pick me up, but he ____ (turn up )by now. 4. I’m terribly sorry for being late, but I _____ (catch) the wrong bus. 5. The truth, sir, is that the old man _______ (walk) across the road when my car hit him. 6. I really don’t think Rose will be upset, but I will go and see her in case she _____. 7.The lake will be further polluted unless some measures ______(take.) 8.The notice ______ (read )“No smoking”. 9. The old man _____ (die) two days after he had been sent to hospital. 10.I _____(hope ) to take a good holiday this year, but I wasn’t able to get away. 11. Helen _____ (leave )her key in the office so she had to wait until her husband came home. 12.If it_____ (rain ) tomorrow, I won’t go to the cinema.

13.he students _____(write) busily when Miss Brown went to get a book she _____(leave) in the office. 14. I Have not moved into the new house yet ,because the rooms _____(paint ),? 15. — We haven’t heard from Jane for a long time, and What do you suppose ____(happen )to her 1. Rainforests _________ (cut) and burned at such a speed that they will disappear from the earth in the early future. 2. The police found that the house__________(break into)and a lot of things________(steal). 3. ------ Have you moved into the new house? ------ Not yet, The room _________(paint). 4. When and where to build the factory ___________ (not decide) yet. 5. If city noises_________(not keep) from increasing, people will have to shout ___________(hear) even at the dinner table 20 years from now. 6. All the preparations for the task____________(complete), and we are ready to start. 7. Do let your mother know all the truth, she appears ___________(tell) everything. 8. The first computer is generally considered _________(invent) by Charles Babbage. 9. Little Jim should love _________(take) to the theatre this evening. 10. He claimed __________(treat)badly in the supermarket when he was doing shopping yesterday. 11. Good care ___________ babies particularly while they are ill(必须照料). 12. The water _______________( 进 一 步 污 染 )unless some measures _________(take). 13. He let me repeat his instructions to make sure that I understand ____________(要做的事) after he went away. 14. The problem ____________ tomorrow is not the one

____________ at yesterday’s meeting(讨论). 15. Tom was very unhappy for _____________ ( 没有邀请)to the party. 十六、 非谓语动词和独立主格结构 主要考查的知识点:非谓语动词每年必考,通常考 1~ 3 小题, 主要考查: ① v -ing、不定式作宾语的区别。 ② ②非谓语动词作宾补的区别。 ③ ③非谓语动词作状语的区别。 ④ ④非谓语动词作定语时的区别。 ⑤ ⑤非谓语动词的时态、语态、否定式和复合结构。(注意:多 次模拟试题的语法填空中都有考到非谓语动词。) 重点复习: ① 别非谓语动词在句中的成分,不定式、v -ing 形式、过去 分词各自所作的成分是不同的。 ②识记哪些动词只能接不定式作宾语,哪些动词只能接动名词作 宾语,哪些动词接不定式或动名词作宾语没有太大区别,哪些动 词接不定式和动名词作宾语区别很大, 哪些动词接带 to 的不定式 作宾语补足语,哪些动词接不带 to 的不定式作宾语补足语。 (stop,forget,remember,regret..etc.) ③have、 get 、make 等动词所接的宾语补语的选用。 ④非谓语动词作状语和状语从句的联系和区别。 ⑥ 熟悉解题方法。解此类题时,可用“三步曲”:首先要根据语 法知识弄清句子结构,看选项作何成分,结合搭配和句式习惯 确定是何种非谓语动词形式;第二步,根据非谓语动词所表示

的动作与句子谓语的动作发生的先后确定用何种非谓语动词的 时态;第三步,按照非谓语动词与其逻辑主语的关系确定语态, 如果逻辑主语不是句子的主语,那就可判断要么是状语从句, 要么是独立主格结构。 1 We are looking for a hotel ______( stay ) for a night. 2 He was the only foreigner ________( give ) such an honor. 3 We consider it our duty _________( safeguard ) the world peace. 4 As it was very cold, we slept together ______(keep ) warm. 5 He is said __________(work )abroad since he graduated. 6 We accused him of _______(play ) games during working hours. 7 It is ________(fright ) even to think of the horror of the nuclear war. 8 I found nothing _________( amaze ) in his story. 9 My clumsy mistake had the girls ________( laugh )giggling. 10 I got home, _________(feel ) very tired. 11 With my girlfriend _________( stand ) next to me, I felt safer. 12 __________( be ) away from my family for 10 years, I miss them very much. 13 What is the language _______( speak ) in Brazil ? 14 We must keep a secret of the things __________( discuss ) now. 15 The meeting ended with nothing __________( settle ). 16 I suggest we should visit the Place Museum, _________( build ) 600 years ago. 17 When _______( ask ) about his private life, the actor was annoyed. 18 Not ________ ( know ) his address, we could not get in touch with him. 19 _________( laugh ) in public made me angry and embarrassed.

20 The helicopter ________( rescue) the villagers ________( trap ) in the snowstorm was canceled because of the terrible weather. 十七、 倒装语序、主谓一致关系、强调结构及其他 主要考查的知识点: 从历届高考题可以看出,高考并没有完全放弃测试语言形式。 语言知识这类的题目,尤其是强调和倒装两部分,在语法填空中 有考查到强调句和 it 作形式主语+that 引导主语从句的辨析。 从 试题分析来看,加大知识类题目的结构复杂程度和句意理解难度, 注重知识类题目的情景化是近几年高考命题的趋势。 重点复习:①考查知识之间的相互交叉的现象,加强综合考查语 法知识的力度应该是这一内容命题的新趋势。 ②it 形式主语和 there be 句型的结合。③强调句和定语从句的 结合。 ④情态动词和反意疑问句的结合。⑤祈使句和反意疑问句的结合。 ⑥主谓一致和时态语态的结合。⑦独立主格结构、平行结构和从 句的结合。 1. It was he was ill that he was absent yesterday 2.I’ve come to the point ____ I can’t stand him. 3. There are different forms of energy, most of____ come from the sun. 4. Tom hardly knows French, ______ ______? (反义疑问句) 1 In the United States, there were 222 people (report) to be billionaires in 2003. The 2 1 of these

is Bill Gates, worth at least $41 billion, who made his money

3 old

starting the company Microsoft. Mr Gates was only 21 years 4 he first helped to set up the company in 1976. 5 the time he was 31.

He was a billionaire 6

, there are still some other people who have 7 (young) ages. Other young

made lots of money at even

people who have struch it rich include Jackie Coogan and Shirley Temple. a million dollars were 14. But 10 8 9 of these child actors made over (act) in movies before they youngest billionaire is Albert von

Thurn and Taxis of Germany, who, in 2001, inherited a billion dollars when he turned 18. 2 Most Americans don’t like to get advice members of their family. They get advice from “ 1 2

(strong).” When they need advice, they don’t usually go to people thtey know. 3 many of them write letters to 4 give advice on amny

newspapers and magazines different subjects 5

(include) family problems,

the use of language, health, cooking, child care, clothes, 6 even on how to buy a house or a car. Most newspapers 7 (regular) print letters

from readers with problems. Along with the letters there are 8 written by people who are supposed to know how to solve 9 are

such problems. Some of these writers are doctors,

lawyers or educators. But two of the most famous writers of advice are women without special kind of work. 10 (train) for this


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