上海交大附中 2012-2013 学年度第一学期高二英语期中试卷 (2012-12-03 16:17:28) 标签： 分类： 试题速递 教育 上海交大附中 2012-2013 学年度第一学期 高二英语期中试卷 (满分 100 分,100 分钟完成.答案一律写在答题卡、答题纸上) I．Listening Comprehension 24% Section A Directions:
In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers．At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said．The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once． After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard． 1. A. At a hotel. B. At a bank. C. At a bookstore. D. At a department store. 2. A. One B. Two. C. Three. D. Four. 3. A. He has some interest in it. B. He is not satisfied with the rent. C. He appreciates the view. D. He likes the location of the apartment. 4. A. She is about to say it. B. She can tell the name at once. C. She remembers the actress well. D. She has no ides of the actress at all. 5. A. She prefers coffee to tea. B. She usually drinks coffee with dessert. C. She seldom has tea with dessert. D. She usually drinks tea with dessert. 6. A. 18. B. 80. C. 62 D. 98. 7. A. Teacher and student. B. Bookstore manager and student. C. Librarian and reader. D. Air hostess and passenger. 8. A. Going to work. B. Fixing his clock by himself. C. Buying a new clock. D. Asking someone to repair it. 9. A. She prefers tennis to football. B. Tennis is not her favorite sport. C. Her second favorite sport is tennis. D. She likes tennis but not football. 10. A. Amanda’s. B. Jack’s. C. Laura’s. D. The man's. Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages．The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once． When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard． Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage． 11. A. The king penguin. B. The emperor penguin. C. The bare-footed penguin. D. The black-footed penguin. 12. A. Its meat as a source of food. B. The wide classification of penguins. C. The penguin’s successful career. D. Penguin’s life in groups. 13. A. They may become extinct soon.
B. The poisonous chemicals influence the penguin’s life. C. The chemicals have poisoned many penguins to death. D. The penguin population will drop greatly. Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following news． 14. A. Lives are lost by fire from one’s own forces. B. Soldiers are hesitant to tell the truth. C. The number of deaths has decreased. D. The friendly fire incidents are going up. 15. A. How and where they occur. B. How and why they take place. C. Where and when they happen. D. Where and why they happen. 16. A. Friendly fire alert systems are not fast enough B. Friendly identification systems are broken. C. Engagement systems are too slow. D. The computer process is not smooth. Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations．The conversations will be read twice．After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard．Write your answers on your answer sheet． Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation． Cheating on Campus The number of university students who cheated：__17__ Reasons for cheating：Feeling stressed, pressured and __18__ Ghostwriters in the past：From __19__ Some ghostwriters at present：From __20__ and India Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer. Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation． In movies，what is called when the lawyers on the opposite sides fall in love? What do many American bookstores offer for single people? people? Is it easier to meet someone over the Internet? What is the dialogue mainly about? __21__ . Special programs and __22__ . No. There is no __23__ . Approaches to __24__ .
Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. II. Grammar and Vocabulary 25% Section A Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence. 25. The most important thing about cotton in history is _____ part that it played in _____ Industrial Revolution. A. /; / B. the; / C. the; / D. the; the 26. Various summer camps being available, we can choose ______ based on our own interest. A. either B. each C. one D. it
27. The guard at the gate insisted that everybody ________ the rules. A. obeys B. obey C. will obey D. would obey 28. A few minutes earlier and we ___ the train. A. have caught B. had caught C. could have caught D. were to catch 29. But for the help of my English teacher, I ____ the first prize in the English Writing Competition. A. would not win B. would not have won C. would win D. would have won 30. Look at the terrible situation I am in! If only I _____________your advice A. follow B. would follow C. had followed D. have followed 31. I didn’t go to the party, but I do wish I _____ there. A. was B. were C. had been D. went 32. It is most desirable that he ___ hands with us in our common effort. A. join B. joined C. will join D. be joined 33. There is a real possibility that these animals could be frightened, _______a sudden loud noise. A. being there B. should there be C. there was D. there having been 34. Was it at the school ______ was named after a hero ______ he spent his childhood? A. which; that B. where; where C. which; where D. that; where 35. With all the magazines I needed _____, I left the post office. A. buying B. to buy C. bought D. to be bought 36. Nearly a month had gone by ____ they showed some signs of giving up the price for which they had held out. A. until B. while C. before D. so that 37. It is pretty well understood _____ controls the flow of carbon dioxide in and out the atmosphere today. A. that B. when C. what D. how 38. It is an interesting fact _______ men try to do the same things as nature does, they usually have to do them in a different way. A. that when B. when that C. that D. when 39. This year’s Olympic Games will be the biggest ever sporting _____. A. affair B. matter C. event D. thing 40. Both the pink and blue dresses are pretty, but I like the _____ better. A. previous B. prior C. former D. first Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. political AB. literary B. supported AC. alive C. gossip AD. significance D. set AE. enterprises E. contemporary BC. figures
It is impossible to imagine Paris without its cafés. The city has some 12,000 cafés varying in size, grandeur, and __41__. The cafés are like an extension of the French living room, a place to start and end the day, to __42__ and debate.
When did the cafés in France start? The oldest café in Paris is Le Procope. It was opened in 1686 by Francesco Procopio dei Coltelli, the man who turned France into a coffee-drinking society. Le Procope attracted Paris’s political and __43__ elite, and in this way played an important part among the upper class. By the end of the 18th century, all of Paris was intoxicated with coffee and the city __44__ some 700 cafés. These were like all-male clubs, with many functioning as centers of __45__ life and discussion. By the 1840s the number of cafés had grown to 3,000. The men who gathered in these cafés and __46__ the theme of the times included journalists, playwrights and writers. Around the turn of the 20th century, the sidewalk cafés became the meeting halls for artists and literary __47__. Nowadays in Paris cafés still play the role of picture windows for observing __48__ life. The artists gathered at the café may not be as great as those of the past, but faces worth watching are just the same. Linger a bit and you will see that the Parisian stereotypes are still __49__ and well. You’ll see the old men in navy berets; ultra-thin, bronzed women with hair dyed bright orange; and schoolchildren sharing an afternoon chocolate with their mothers. The café in Paris has always been a place for seeing and being seen. III. Reading Comprehension 36% Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A,B,C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Organized volunteering and work experience has long been a vital companion to university degree courses. Usually it is left to __50__ to deduce the potential from a list of extracurricular adventures on a graduate’s resume, but now the University of Bristol has launched an award to formalize the achievements of students who __51__ time to activities outside their courses. Bristol PluS aims to boost students in an increasingly competitive job market by helping them acquire work and life skills as well as __52__ qualifications. Our students are a pretty active bunch, but we found that they didn’t __53__ appreciate the value of what they did outside the lecture hall,” says Jeff Goodman, director of careers and employability at the university. “Employers are much more __54__ than they used to be. They used to look for __55__ and saw it as part of their job to extract the value of an applicant’s skills. Now they want students to be able to explain why those skills are __56__ to the job.” Students who sign up for the awards will be expected to complete 50 hours of work experience or __57__ work, attend four workshops on employability skills, take part in an intensive skills-related activity __58__, crucially, write a summary of the skills they have gained. __59__ efforts will gain an Outstanding Achievement Award. Those who perform best on the sports field can take the Sporting Plus Award which fosters employer-friendly sports accomplishments. The experience does not have to be __60__ organized, “We’re not just interested in easily identifiable skills,” says Goodman. “__61__, one student took the lead in dealing with a difficult landlord and so __62__ negotiation skills. We try to make the experience relevant to individual lives.” Goodman hopes the __63__ will enable active students to fill in any gaps in their experience and encourage their less-active __64__ to take up activities outside their academic area of work. 50. A. advisors B. specialists C. critics D. employers 51. A. divide B. devote C. deliver D. donate
52. A. artistic B. technical C. academic D. interactive 53. A. hardly B. possibly C. necessarily D. gracefully 54. A. generous B. considerate C. imaginative D. demanding 55. A. origin B. background C. popularity D. potential 56. A. relevant B. responsive C. reluctant D. respective 57. A. casual B. selective C. homely D. voluntary 58. A. or B. thus C. so D. and 59. A .Occasional B. Exceptional C. Informative D. Relative 60. A. roughly B. commonly C. formally D. fortunately 61. A. For instance B. In reality C. In contrast D. Of course 62. A. demonstrated B. determined C. operated D. involved 63. A. device B. section C. scheme D. disturbance 64. A. attendants B. agents C. members D. peers Section B Directions: Read the following four passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) Catherine Destivelle is a rock star. She loves rock, but she can’t sing or play the guitar! She is a rock climber and a big star in France and Italy. She is the most famous woman climber in the world because she often climbs without ropes. She climbs in many countries but most often in the French Alps near Chamonix, where she lives. She started climbing near her home in Paris when she was five. Then, at fourteen, she joined the French Alpine Club to learn more, but immediately she climbed better and more quickly than the older members of the club. She won her first competition in Italy in 1995. Three years ago she found a new route up the Dru Mountain near Chamonix. The climb took eleven days and for four days the snow was so heavy that she could not move. Last year other climbers tried to follow the new Destivelle Route, but they failed. They are going to try again this year. People always ask her about her climbing. She says, “I climb because I’m in love with mountains. I like touching the rock and reading the face of the rock. I like it a lot. I felt at home on the side of a mountain. I prepare well before I go, so I’m never worried.” Catherine chooses new mountains from books—like buying from a shopping catalogue! “I see a nice mountain and I go to climb it!” Her next mountain is in Pakistan. She is going there next month. “It’s much bigger than the Dru, so it’s going to take longer to climb. An American climber, Jeff Lowe, is coming with me to help.” 65．Catherine Destivetle is called “a star” because ________. A. she won a competition in 1995 B. she loves rocks C. she’s a famous woman climber D. she found a new route up to the Dru Mountain 66．She had great trouble finding a new route up the Dru Mountain because ________. A. she lost her way B. the climb took 11 days C. she needed help from an American climber D. there was heavy snow 67．On the side of a mountain she feels ________.
A. worried C. like staying at home
B. easy and happy D. well
68．We can infer from the passage people often ask her “________”. A. Why do you like climbing? B. Are you in love with an American climber? C. Do you enjoy reading books on mountains? D. What do you do before you go climbing? (B) Below is a housing guide for students going to London. University accommodation offices Many university accommodation offices have their own list of registered landlords. Others also provide information on accommodation agencies and other housing organization. The advantage of using your university accommodation is that you can get support if you have a problem. The disadvantage is that they are unlikely to have enough registered landlords to houses all their students. Property papers: Loot and Renting Loot is an important source of information about private housing for co-renters. The offers are from private landlords, agencies and individuals looking for other co-renters. They also have a website: www.loot.com. The advantage of using Loot is that there are some excellent bargains. The disadvantage is that there is no quality control over the offers. Renting is another useful paper. The offers in this paper are mainly from accommodation agencies. Their website is at www.renting.co.uk. Accommodation agencies The majority of rented accommodation in London is probably advertised through accommodation agencies. The advantage of using accommodation agencies is that you will have access to a large number of accommodations. A good agent will listen to your requirements and can save you time in looking for the right accommodation. The disadvantage is that they will make a range of charges to potential renters. Notice boards Around the universities you will find a number of notice boards where offers of accommodation will be posted. These will either be from landlords or from students. Some universities will also have online notice boards where students can advertise to other students. Advertisements from students can be an excellent way to find accommodation. However, advertisements from landlords can be problematic. Word of mouth Some of the best housing in London is never advertised but is passed on from one group of students to another by word of mouth. It might be that you can find out about good offers from final year students. However, don’t suppose that just because you have found out about housing from a friend it is necessarily going to be better than that found through any other source.
Family Faced with the very high rents charged in London, some students and their parents will consider buying as an alternative. In some cases this might be a good choice.
69. What is the advantage of using Loot? A. It has more offers from accommodation agencies than Renting. B. It gives you personal information about other co-renters. C. Their website is designed mainly for students. D. There are some good bargains. 70. A good agent can help you ____. A. know more people B. find cheap accommodation C. get the right accommodation quickly D. get free information about most accommodations 71. The information passed on by word of mouth is important because____. A. it is better than that found through any other source B. it helps you find some of the best housing never advertised C. the final year students always offer better information D. the landlords have little valuable information 72. For students going to London for the first time, which of the following provides the most reliable information? A. University accommodation offices. B. Loot and Renting C. Notice boards. D. Family. (C) Some children are natural-born bosses. They have a strong need to make decisions, manage their environment, and lead rather than follow. Stephen Jackson, a Year One student, “operates under the theory of what’s mine is mine and what’s yours is mine,” says his mother. “The other day I bought two new Star Wars light sabers. Later, I saw Stephen with the two new ones while his brother was using the beat-up ones.” “Examine the extended family, and you’ll probably find a bossy grandparent, aunt, uncle or cousin in every generation. It’s an inheritable trait,” says Russell Barkley, a professor at the Medical University of South Carolina. Other children who may not be particularly bossy can gradually gain dominance when they sense their parents are weak, hesitant, or in disagreement with each other. Whether it’s inborn nature or developed character at work, too much control in the hands at the young isn’t healthy for children or the family. “Fear is at the root of a lot of bossy behavior,” says family psychologist John Taylor. Children, he says in his book From Defiance to Cooperation, “have secret feelings of weakness” and “a desire to feel safe”. It’s the parents’ role to provide that protection. When a “boss child” doesn’t learn limits at home, the stage is set for a host of troubles outside
the family. The overly willful and unbending child may have trouble obeying teachers or coaches, for example, or trouble keeping friends. It can be pretty lonely as the top dog if no one likes your bossy ways. “I see more and more parents giving up their power,” says Barkley, who has studied bossy behavior for more than 30 years. “They bend too far because they don’t want to be as strict as their own parents were. But they also feel less confident about their parenting skills. Their kids, in turn, feel more anxious.” 73. Bossy children like Stephen Jackson _______. A. make good decisions B. show self-centeredness C. are very considerate D. always think about other persons 74. The underlined phrase “inheritable trait” in Paragraph 2 means . A. inborn nature B. developed character C. accepted theory D. particular environment 75. The study on bossy behavior implies that parents . A. should give more power to their children B. should be strict with their children C. should bend before their children D. should not set limits for their children 76. What is the passage mainly about? A. How bossy behavior can be controlled. B. How we can get along with bossy children. C. What leads to children’s bossy behavior. D. What effect bossy behavior brings about. (D) Birds that are half-asleep—with one brain hemisphere alert and the other sleeping—control which side of the brain remains awake, according to a new study of sleeping ducks. Earlier studies have documented half-brain sleep in a wide range of birds. The brain hemispheres take turns sinking into the sleep stage characterized by slow brain waves. The eye controlled by the sleeping hemisphere keeps shut, while the wakeful hemisphere’s eye stays open and alert. Birds also can sleep with both hemispheres resting at once. Decades of studies of bird groups led researchers to predict extra alertness in the end-of-the-row sleepers which tend to be attacked more easily. Sure enough, the end birds tended to watch carefully on the side away from their companions. Ducks in the inner spots showed no preference for gaze direction. Also, birds napping at the end of the line depend on single-hemisphere sleep, rather than total relaxation, more often than inner ducks did. Turning 16 birds through the positions in a four-duck row, the researchers found that compared with 12 percent for birds in internal spots, outer birds half-asleep during some 32 percent of napping time. “We believe this is the first evidence for an animal behaviorally controlling sleep and wakefulness at the same time in different regions of the brain,” the researchers say. The results provide the best evidence for a long-standing assumption that single-hemisphere
sleep evolved as creatures scanned for enemies. The preference for opening an eye on the lookout side could be widespread, he predicts. He’s seen it in a pair of birds napping side-by-side in the zoo and in a single pet bird sleeping by a mirror. The mirror-side eye closed as if the reflection were a companion and the other eye stayed open. Useful as half-sleeping might be, it’s only been found in birds and such water animals as dolphins, whales, and seals. Perhaps keeping one side of the brain awake allows a sleeping animal to surface occasionally to avoid drowning. Studies of birds may offer unique insights into sleep. Jerome M. Siegel of the UCLA says he wonders if birds’ half-brain sleep “is just the tip of the iceberg.” He supposes that more examples may turn up when we take a closer look at other species. 77. According to the passage, birds often half sleep because ______. A. they have to watch out for possible attack s B. their brain hemispheres take turns to rest C. the two halves of their brain are differently structured D. they have to constantly keep an eye on their companions 78. What is implied about the example of a bird’s sleeping in front of a mirror? A. An imagined companion gives the bird a sense of security. B. Birds prefer to sleep in pairs to amuse themselves. C. The phenomenon of birds napping in pairs is widespread. D. A single pet bird enjoys seeing its own reflection in the mirror. 79. While sleeping, some water animals tend to keep half awake in order to ______. A. alert themselves to the approaching enemy B. emerge from water now and then to breathe C. be sensitive to the ever-changing environment D. avoid being swept away by rapid currents 80. By saying “just the tip of the iceberg”, Siegel suggests that ______. A. half-brain sleep has something to do with icy weather B. the mystery of half-brain sleep is close to being solved C. most birds living in cold regions tend to be half sleepers D. half-brain sleep may exist among other species
Section C Directions: Read the following text and choose the most suitable heading from A-AC for each paragraph. There is one extra heading which you do not need. A. Keep up with the progress of the course B. Be able to communicate through writing C. Take the program seriously D. Accept critical thinking as part of online learning E. Be open-minded about sharing experiences
AB. Be willing to “speak up” if problems arise Online students require unique qualities to be successful. The following list discusses some ideal qualities of successful online students. 81. Many different people find that the online method required them to use their experiences and that online learning offers them a place to communicate with each other. This forum for communication removes the visual barriers that hinder some students from expressing themselves. In addition, students are given time to reflect on the information before replying. In this way, students can help to keep the online environment open and friendly. 82. In the virtual classroom nearly all communication is written, so it is critical that students feel comfortable expressing themselves in writing. Some students have limited writing abilities which need to be improved before or as part of the online experience. This usually requires extra commitment by these students. 83. Remember that instructors cannot see their students in an online course. This means students must be absolutely explicit with their comments and requests. If they experience technical difficulties, or problems in understanding something about the course, they must let the instructors or other online students know; otherwise there is no way anyone can know something is wrong. 84. Online learning is not easier than study in regular classrooms. In fact, many students say it requires much more time and effort. Requirements for online courses are not less than those of any quality program. Successful students, however, see online learning as a convenient way to receive their education—not an easier way. Many online students sit at computers for hours at a time during evenings and on weekends in order to complete their assignments. 85. Online learning is normally arranged in the time sequence and requires devotion on the students’ part. Strictly following each step and completing all work on time is vital. Once students get behind, it is almost impossible to catch up. Students need to want to be there and need to want the experience. The instructor may have to communicate with students personally to offer help and remind them of the need to keep up. V. Translation 15% Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1. 在美国你可以享用到多种多样的民族食品。 （ethnic）
2. 每逢我们谈到他的家乡，他总是为其感到自豪。 （whenever）
3. 顽皮是男孩的天性，你不必为此担心。 （nature）
4. 具有中国特色的月饼正日益受到西方人的青睐。 （special）
5. 直到二十世纪后期中国运动员才开始以他们在奥运会的出色表现让世界感到惊讶。 （amaze）