高一英语必修 1Unit5Nelson Mandela- a modern hero 讲学案 月 日 班级： 姓名： 本册主编： 寇立英 审核：李艳玲 任课老师：
第 2 课时 Learning about language 【学习目标】 Remeber the new words and
phrases and know how to use them 【学法指导】运用构词法记忆单词 【课前预习】 1. Read the passage ----- Elias’story and try to remeber the new words and phrases. 2. Finish the Exercise 1 and 3 on p35 【预习自测】
1._____ n．质量；品质；性质 4.______vt.建立；建设
2.______ adj.积极的；活跃的→______adv.积极地→______n．活动 5.______ n．法则；原则；原理 7．______ adj.法律的；依照法律的→______ (反义词)
3._______ vt.(与 to 连用)献身；专心于→______adj.忠实的，深爱的→______n．奉献 6．______ adj.和平的；平静的；安宁的→______n．和平 9.______n．青年；青年时期 11.______ vt.进攻；攻击；抨击 14.______ adj.乐意的；自愿的 17.______vi. & vt.请求；乞求 20.______n．报酬；奖金 vt.酬劳；奖赏
8.______ adj.怀有希望的；有希望的→______ (反义词)→______n. & v．希望 10.______vt. & vi.投票；选举 n．投票；选票；表决 12.______ n．暴力；暴行→______adj.猛烈的，凶暴的 15.______ vi.逃脱；逃走；泄露 18.______ n．亲戚；亲属→______n．关系→______n．关系 21.______ n．意见；看法；主张 2._____a matter of fact 事实上
13.______ adj.相等的，平等的→______adv.相等地→______n．同等，平等 16.______ vt.教育；训练→adj.受过教育______的；有教养的→______n．教育 19.______ n．恐怖；可怕的人；恐怖时期；恐怖活动→______n．恐怖主义→______n．恐怖分子
3._____ trouble 在危险/受罚/痛苦处境中 5．lose_____ 丧失信心
4．turn ______ 求助于；致力于 6．come to ________ 当权；上台
7．set___设立；建立 9．worry______担心 11．blow______使充气；爆炸 13．go ____the law 违反法律 15．be active ______sth. 积极从事…… 【新课导学】要点探究（词汇知识 ）
8．be sentenced_____被判处……(徒刑) 10．be put ______prison 被关进监狱 12．fight _______对……而战 14．be _______to do sth. 乐于干……
1. And what qualities does a great person have？一个伟人有什么样的品质？ I want some meat of the best quality.我要一些质量最好的肉。 They spoke of his fine qualities as a modern painter.他们(还)谈到了他作为一名当代画家的优秀品质。 One quality of this plastic is that it is almost unbreakable. 这种塑料有个特点是不易断裂。 quality，词性_____，意为“质量”时是不可数名词，意为“品质，性质”时是______。 of great quality 意为“______”，可作定 语和表语。 (1)The goods are of poor A.quantity A.quality B.qualities B.quantity (2)Courage is one of the best . 答案 C.quality of a good soldier. C.qualities D.quantities 答案 D.feature
2. A great person is someone who devotes his/her life to helping others.伟人就是把自己的一生致力于帮助他人的人。 I don’t think we should devote any more time to this question. He devoted his whole life to teaching. devote，词性 接 devote oneself to 意为“ “ ”。 devotion n.(与 to 连用)献身；忠诚；热心；专心 ”；devote one’s life to 意为“ ”；devote one’s energy to 意为 我认为我们不应该在这个问题上花更多的时间。 他把毕生精力献给了教学。 结构， 是介词，后
，意为“奉献，献身；投注……”，常与介词 to 搭配，构成
devoted adj.热心的，忠诚的；恩爱的；献身的；专心于……的；专用于……的 He is devoted to his country. They’re a devoted couple. 翻译下句 (1)他献身于帮助穷人。 (2)四年来，他全力倾注于音乐。 (3)她把精力都献给了和平事业。 3. The last thirty years have seen the greatest number of laws stopping our rights and progress， ...过去 30 年来所出现的大量法律剥夺我们的权利，阻挡我们的进步，…… National Day saw people singing and dancing happily in the street. The old house saw the changes in the big family. 本句的主语是 国庆节那天人们在大街上载歌载舞。 这座老房子见证了这个大家庭的变迁。 他精忠报国。 他们是一对恩爱夫妻。 这是一本儿童文学刊物。
This is a magazine devoted to children’s literature.
，不是表人的而是表时间的。在英语表达中，有时用表时间或地点的词作主语，可使语言 或 find。
her act in many plays. (2)第二天清晨人们发现这小女孩躺在街上，死了。 the little girl lay on the street，dead. 4. ...until today we have reached a stage where we have almost no rights at all.……一直到今天我们处于毫无权利可言的地步。 She left the stage at 60. Their firm is at the stage of development. Her illness has developed to the stage where nobody can cure her. stage，词性名词，意为“ 她 60 岁的时候离开了舞台。 他们的公司处于发展阶段。 她的病已发展到没人能治的阶段。 引导，相当于 at which 或 。
point，situation，case(情形；案例)，occasion(场合)，position 等名词后接定语从句时，其关系词常用 where。
...we were put into a position in which we had either to accept we were less important，or fight the government. 我们被置于这样一个境地：要么我们被迫接受低人一等的现实，要么跟政府作斗争。 There is one point where I’d like your advice. Imagine that you are in a situation where no one believes in you. (1)We are in a position A.where A.for which C.with which B.which (2)You have come to the stage 有时我也乐意听取你的建议。 设想你在一个没人信任你的环境中。
we may lose a large sum of money. 答案 C.that B.at which D.about which D.when you can’t understand yourself well. 答案
5. Black people couldn’t vote or choose their leaders.黑人们不能选举或选择自己的领导人。 They voted her their headmistress. He was voted the most promising new director. Congress voted to increase foreign aid by 10%. The committee voted that the game should be put off. Vote for the man you can trust. People voted against Henry. As we are not unanimous for this matter，let’s vote on it. (1)vote 用作及物动词时，后可接单宾语、 vote sb./sth. vote to do sth. (人或政党) 投票去做某事 他们选她做校长。 他当选为最有前途的新导演。 国会表决通过增加 10%的对外援助。 委员会投票决定比赛应延期。 选你能信赖的人。 人们投票反对亨利。 因为我们在这件事上无法一致同意，我们投票表决吧。 。 选出或推举某人担任某职 投票去做某事
、动词不定式或 vote＋双宾语 vote＋that 从句
(2)vote 用作不及物动词时，常与以下介词连用： vote for/against sth.投票赞成/反对…… vote 还可作名词，意为“选举；投票；表决”。 The matter will be decided by vote. 此事将投票表决。 在那个国家，人们年满 18 岁获得选举权。 In that country，people get the vote at the age of 18. vote on sth.就……投票表决
(1)Many people (2)Now we will (3)We Chinese women have
(投票支持)Obama in the election of America. (投票)this project. (选举权).
6... .Only then did we decide to answer violence with violence.……只有到那时，我们才决定用暴力对付暴力。 Only after the accident did he have his car inspected. 直到那件意外事件后，他才叫人检查他的车子。 昨天他父亲才把真相告诉他，这对他真是一个令人
Only by working hard can we succeed in doing everything. 只有努力工作，我们做每一件事才能成功。 Only yesterday did his father tell him the truth，which was a big surprise. 吃惊的消息。 上列句式都用了部分倒装。当 only 修饰状语置于句首时，主句经常使用倒装结构。其结构 为：“ Only＋状语＋助动词(情 态动词或 be)＋主语＋动词原形 ”。
【 注意了】 当 only 修饰主语时不用倒装语序。
Only fifty of the original one hundred men came back. 在原来的一百人当中，只有五十人回来了。 (1)It was announced that only when the fire was under control A.the residents would be permitted C.would the residents be permitted 解析 首，主句需用部分倒装结构。 (2)Only when I left my parents for Italy A.I realized C.had I realized 解析 (3)—Only when Dr.Yang arrives —Yes，only A.is he；can he C.is he；he can (4)Only then save his life. B.was him；he can D.is him；can he how much damage had been caused. 答案 how much I loved them. B.I had realized D.did I realize able to be operated on? 答案 答案 to return to their homes. 答案
B.had the residents been permitted D.the residents had been permitted
句意为：据宣布，只有在火势被控制住的时候居民们才被允许回到家中。that 从句中 only 引导的时间状语从句位于句
A.she realized C.had she realized 解析
B.she had realized D.did she realize
“only＋介词短语/句子”这一结构置于句首时，整个主句必须倒装。此外，由 then 可确定用过去时态。
7. As a matter of fact，I do not like violence...but in 1963 I helped him blow up some government buildings. 事实上，我不喜欢暴力……但 1963 年我却帮着他炸毁了一些政府的建筑物。 As a matter of fact，I don’t know the truth. 说真的，我不知道事实真相。 Can you lend me a pump to blow up my bicycle tyres? The bomb blew up.炸弹爆炸了。 They blew up the old bridge and then built a new one across the river. 他们炸毁了那座旧桥，然后在河上建了座新桥。 as a matter of fact 意为“ (1)I would like a job which pays more，but A.in other words C.for one thing 解析 ”，同义短语是 。blow up 意为“使充气；爆炸”。blow awa“吹走” 你能借给我个打气筒给自行车打打气吗？
I enjoy the work I’m doing at the moment. 答案
B.on the other hand D.as a matter of fact
本题考查介词短语的用法。 other words 换句话说； the other hand 另一方面； one thing“一则”， in on for 常与 for another thing the plane. B.hide away D.put up 答案
连用，意为 “再则” ；as a matter of fact＝in fact 事实上。根据句意，B 项正确。 (2)The organization is going to A.blow away C.blow up
8 Elias went to see Nelson Mandela when he was in trouble.伊莱亚斯身处困境时就去找曼德拉。 I happened to be there when you were in trouble.当你有困难时我碰巧在那儿。 He is ready to help those in trouble.他乐意帮助身处困境的人。 in trouble 意为“ make trouble 惹是生非 ”，在句中作表语或定语。trouble 前无冠词。 get into trouble 遇到麻烦 ask for trouble 自找麻烦 have trouble with sth.对……有麻烦
have trouble/difficulty (in) doing sth.做某事有困难
take (the) trouble to do sth.不辞辛苦地做某事 (1)He was A.in danger (2)Do you know the A.troubles 助于暴力？ Turn to him for help if (it is) necessary .如果有必要可求助于他。 She often turns to music for comfort when she is sad. 她悲伤时常听音乐寻求安慰。 There was no one in the street to whom I could turn for help at that time. 那时大街上没有我能求助的人。 turn to 意为“转向；求助于；致力于……”，其中 to 是介词，后接 。 with the police. 答案 B.in trouble B.difficulties C.in control C.trouble D.in need D.difficult I have had finding your house? 答案
9. Why did Nelson Mandela turn to violence to make black and white people equal？为让黑人与白人平等，曼德拉为什么会求
(1)She’s having a lot of trouble with the new computer，but she doesn’t know whom to A.turn to C.deal with A.turned into B.turned off B.look for D.talk about
for help. 答案
(2)Through the economic reform，the economic situation of China C.turned in (3)—Do you know where my blue coat is? —Don’t bother to look for it.I’m sure it will A.turn out 难句剖析 B.turn on C.turn up some day. 答案 D.turn over
much better than it used to be. 答案 D.turned out
1．...only then did we decide to answer violence with violence.……只有到那时我们才决定用暴力反抗暴力。 only 修饰的时间、条件和方式状语，为了强调而提到句首时，句子要用部分倒装形式，把原句中的情态动词、系动词或助动
①Only at that time did he realize that he had made a mistake.
直到那时他才意识到自己犯的错误。 ②Only by practising a few hours every day will you be able to master English. 只有通过每天练习几个小时你才能掌握英语。 ③Only with all your time and energy can you do the job well. 只有用上你全部的时间和精力你才能把这项工作做好。 ④Only when I came back was I informed of the news. 直到我回来，我才被通知这个消息。 ⑤Only if I get a job will I have enough money to go to college.我只有找到了工作才有足够的钱上大学。 提示：(1)在部分倒装句中，如果谓语部分无助动词，则须找助动词来“帮助”它构成倒装句。如： × Only after the war learned he the sad news. √Only after the war did he learn the sad news. (2)only 修饰状语从句时，从句不可倒装。如： × Only when did he return did we find out the truth. √Only when he returned did we find out the truth. (3)only 修饰主语时，句子不可倒装。如： × Only can he answer the question. √Only he can answer the question. [即境活用 1](2008· 江苏)______ you eat the correct food ______ be able to keep fit and stay healthy. 答案 A．Only if; will you C．Unless; will you B．Only if; you will D．Unless; you will
解析：“only＋if 从句”放于句首，主句用部分倒装。 2．I felt bad the first time I talked to a group. 第一次给旅行团作讲解时，我的感觉很不好。 the first time 相当于连词，引导一个状语从句，意为“第一次”。这类特殊短语还有： (1)each time, every time, next time, last time, any time 等也可以做连词用， 表示“无论何时”“每当”“每次”等， 引导一个时间状语
Every time we come to Beijing, we go to visit the Forbidden City. 每次我们去北京，我们都去参观故宫。 I didn't have any penny last time I saw you. 上次我看见你时，我身无分文。 (2)immediately, directly, instantly 可活用为连词，引导时间状语从句，表示“一……就……”，相当于 as soon as。 The young man rushed out of the hall immediately he heard the sound.那个年轻人一听到声响就冲出了大厅。 (3)the moment, the minute, the second, the instant 等名词短语也可用做连词，也相当于 as soon as，表示“一……就……”。
The moment Professor Wang appeared on the platform, the audience all stood up and clapped warmly. 王教授一出现在讲台上，听众就站起来热烈鼓掌。 (4)the morning/afternoon/evening, the night, the day, the week, the year, the spring/summer/autumn/winter 等一些表示时间段的
The morning Mr Smith was walking along the lake, he met an old friend. 那天早晨史密斯先生在湖边散步时遇到了一位老朋友。 [即境活用 2] ______I toured Zhangjiajie, I was deeply impressed with its beautiful scenery. 答案 A．For the first time C．It was the first time 【当堂检测】 ： Ⅰ.单项选择 1．As ______ matter of fact, ______ beauty of ______ nature there made an excellent impression on me. A．a; the; / C．the; the; / A．set up C．set down A．in C．for B．a; the; the D．a; /; the B．set back D．set aside B．At first D．The first time
解析：the first time 用做连词，引导时间状语从句。
2．The police ______ roadblocks on routes out of the city to prevent the criminal from escaping.
3．(2010· 临川一中)Although ______ my opinion, the old professor didn't come up with his own. B．against D．on
4．—Did you give the book to him? —Yes. I gave it to him ______ I saw him. A．once C．while A．in danger C．in principle A．quality B．the moment D．suddenly B．in peace D．in common B．quantity
5．They agreed to the plan ______， but there were some details they didn't like.
6．Courage is one of the best ______ of a good soldier.
C．qualification A．set up C．setting up A．fair C．equal A．punished C．being punished A．award C．reward
D．feature B．have set up D．having set up
7．Mr Read made up his mind to devote all he had to ______ some schools for poor children.
8．Fitness is important in sport, but of at least ______ importance are skills. B．reasonable D．proper B．from punishing D．from being punished
9．You were lucky to escape ______.
10．(2009· 宜昌模拟) It is said that the police have offered a large ______ for information leading to the robber's arrest. B．prize D．welfare
11．In 2009, 3.88 million students graduated from colleges and universities, ______ 20% increase from 2008, some of whom remain out of ______work. A．/; / A．in; down B．a; / B．in; to C．a; the D．the; / D．under; to 12．When ______ great trouble, you should learn to make the quick choice without someone to turn ______ for advice. C．into; up 13．Only ______ as an interpreter ______ how important it was to practise speaking English. A．when I worked; I realized C．when I work; did I realize A．in which C．at the place B．when did I work; did I realize D．when I worked; did I realize
14. The old man told us not to remain ______ there was danger. B．the place where D．where B．As he was sentenced to death D．He was sentenced to death
15．______， and Charles felt hopeless. A．Sentenced to death C．Sentencing to death
【课后作业】用所给词的适当形式填空 1．My mother is a ________(self) woman, who often helps those faced with difficulties. 2．It is hoped that the problem will be solved in a ________(peace) way.
3．Mandela was once a ________(law), whom the poor often asked for advice. 4．Under his father’s ________(guide), Peter had made great progress in his study. 5．According to the law, women shall enjoy the ________(equal) in rights to vote in our country. 6．The ________(illegal) age of being allowed to enter a bar in the country is 18. 7．The professor was ________(devote) to his research work，caring little about any other things. 8．The school ________________(found) by a famous person in 1980. 9．I am not very ________(hope) about my chances of success. 10．It’s so ________(fair)—she gets more money for less work!