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Book 2 Unit 3 Amazing people


Unit 3

Amazing people

1.curious adj.好奇的 __________ n.好奇心;求知欲 归纳拓展 ?1?be curious about...对??感到好奇 It’s curious that...??很反常?从句中用should+动词原形? ?2?out of curiosity出于好奇 with c

uriosity=curiously好奇地 活学活用 (1)He ________________ know what was happening in the office. 他很想知道办公室里正发生什么事。 (2)If you are________ about Australian cities,just read the book written by Dr.Johnson. A.interested B.anxious C.upset D.curious 2.present vt.提出;呈现;赠送;授予;正式介绍,引见;adj.出席的,在场的(后置定 语);现在的,当前的(前置定语);n.礼物;现在,目前 __________ n.出席,到场 归纳拓展 ?1?make a present of sth.to sb.=make sb.a present of sth.把某物赠送给某人 ?2?present sth.to sb.=present sb.with sth.向某人赠送?颁发、授予?某物 ?3?in the presence of sb.=in sb.’s presence当着??的面,在??面前 活学活用 (1)They __________ flowers ________ their teacher. 他们献花给老师。 (2)The boy was punished ______________________ all his classmates. 当着全班同学的面,那个男孩受到了惩罚。 (3)Often, even a common thing of the past can________ the image of life in the ancient time. A.describe B.express C.present D.impress 3.compare v.比较;对比 __________ n.比较;对比 归纳拓展 compare...with...把??与??比较/对照 compare...to...把??比作?? in comparison with与??相比较 compared with/to与??相比较而言?常置于句首作状语? Michael?s new house is like a huge palace,compared with his old one.(2009· 重庆,25) 和老房子比起来,迈克尔的新房子简直像一座大宫殿。 活学活用 (1)______________,a fast food meal with a hamburger is a steal at $4.80. 相比之下,配了一个汉堡的快餐售价 4.80 美元,跟白给差不多了。 (2)My works don?t ________________________.

我的作品不能和你的相比。 (3)It used to be a small village________ what it is now. A.compared with B.compared about C.compare to D.compare with 4.survive v.生存;幸存;生还;比??活(或存在)的时间长 ________ n.幸存;残存物 归纳拓展 A survive B A比B活得长 survive sth.幸免于;从??中挺过来 survive on靠??存活下来 (1)The strongest survive.(2010· 江苏,阅读理解 B) 最强大的生存下来。 (2)It is important for government authorities to provide better service for the foreign invested companies to survive the economic crisis. 政府机构向国外投资公司提供更好的服务对其渡过经济危机非常重要。 活学活用 (1)He died in 1940 but his wife ________________ another 20 years. 他在 1940 年逝世,但他的妻子比他多活了 20 年。 (2)Mr.Green was the only ①________(幸存者) who ②________________________ (在地 震中幸存).He told us he ③______________(靠??生存) a bottle of mineral water.Everyone said his ④________(幸存) was a wonder. (3)To________ the long bitter winter,Soppy had tried many ways to get himself arrested by the police,but all in vain.(2011· 淮安月考) A.remain B.survive C.bear D.endure 5.manage vi.设法应付;处理,对付(with);vt.处理;支配;管理;经营;运用;操纵 ________ n.经理,管理人 ____________ n.管理,经营 归纳拓展 manage to do sth.=succeed in doing sth.设法做成某事 manage without在没有??的情况下应付过去 He manages a hotel for his father. 他替父亲经营一家旅馆。 活学活用 (1)用 manage,try 的适当形式填空 He __________ to get the car started,but didn?t ________ it. (2)I __________________ what I was looking for. 我终于想办法找到了我一直在找的东西。 (3)—With so much work to do,we can?t give you more help. —Doesn?t matter.I can________ without. A.try B.attempt C.manage D.succeed 6.prove v.证实;证明(是);原来(是) ________ n.证明,证据 归纳拓展 It?s proved that...已经证实?? prove sb.(to be) honest/an honest man 证明某人诚实 give proof of 提供??的证据 注意:prove 用作系动词时,其后的内容表明的是结果,相当于 turn out;prove 用作及

物动词时,其后的内容是要证明的事情。 It proved to be a waste of money.(2010· 陕西,完形填空) 事实证明它是一种金钱的浪费。 活学活用 (1)Your computing experience should ________________________. 你的计算机经验应该证明是有用的。 (2)____________________ that he was on the crime spot. 没有证据证明他当时在犯罪现场。 (3)Although he has taken a lot of medicines,his health________ poor.(2010· 苏州调研) A.proves B.remains C.maintains D.lasts 7.position n.位置;姿势;地位;立场;处境;职位 归纳拓展 in a...position处于??的地位/处境 in/out of position在/不在适当的位置 be in a position to do sth.?因有能力、金钱或权力而?能做某事 I?m calling to enquire about the position advertised in yesterday?s China Daily.(2010· 北京, 25) 我打电话来咨询一下有关昨天在《中国日报》上刊登广告(招聘)的职位。 活学活用 (1)When I know all the facts,I?ll ________________________ you. 在我了解所有的事实后,我就能给你提出建议了。 (2)You?ve put me ________________________. 你已经使我的处境变得非常困难。 (3)All the chairs shouldn?t be put like this.That is,they are________. A.in place B.in position C.out of position D.in a position 8.pay off 还清;有回报;得到好结果;获得成功 归纳拓展 pay for付??的钱;为??而付出代价 pay back偿付;报答;向??报复 (1)The efforts made by Adrian and his parents paid off.(2008· 浙江,阅读理解 A) 阿德里安和他父母所做的努力有了回报。 (2)Can you lend me £10?I?ll pay you back on Friday. 你能借给我 10 英镑吗?我星期五还你。 活学活用 (1)Did your plan ____________? 你的计划成功了吗? (2)Li Ming won the first prize in the English speech contest and I?m glad that his efforts at last________. A.paid off B.worked out C.got back D.turned out 9.as well as(除??之外)也;既??又;不但??而且;和??一样 归纳拓展 ?1?A as well as B作主语时,谓语动词随A的人称和数的变化而变化。 ?2?as well as用于同级比较,表示“和??一样好”,在句中作状语,修饰谓语动词。 (1)This population shift is bringing problems as well as benefits.(2010· 安徽,阅读理解 C) 人口的迁移既带来了好处也带来了问题。 (2)She was kind as well as sensible. 她既懂道理又善良。

活学活用 (1)His children as well as his wife ______________ to the party. 不但他太太,连他的孩子们都被邀请参加了那次聚会。 (2)His composition is written ________________. 他的作文写得和我的一样好。 (3)Tom as well as his friends who________football games________traveled with the team. A.likes;has B.like;have C.likes;have D.like;has 10.result in 导致;结果 归纳拓展 as a result of由于;作为??的结果 without result毫无结果地 result from...由??产生 But family experts warn that the new equality can also result in less respect for parents.(2008· 广东,阅读理解 A) 但家庭专家警告说这种新的平等也会减少他们对父母的尊重。 活学活用 (1)His illness ________________ eating some polluted food. 他生病是由于吃了受污染的食物。 (2)The accident __________ the death of two passengers. 这起事故导致两名乘客丧生。 (3)________the car accident,Jackson couldn?t work any longer. A.As a result B.As a result of C.As the result D.As result of 11.be known as 被认为是;作为??而出名 归纳拓展 be known for因??而出名 be known to为??所知?强调对象? 修饰known,用well,其比较级为better known The upper layer is known as the litter.(2009· 江苏,阅读理解 D) 上层被称为垃圾。 活学活用 (1)Ba Jin ________________ a writer. 巴金作为一名作家而著名。 (2)He ____________ most people as a good actor. 大多数人都知道他是一名好演员。 (3)He is famous both________ a novelist and a poet but he is more famous________ his novels. A.for;as B.with;for C.as;for D.like;as 12.Although Yang did not actually get the best scores on every single test,it was his high scores on the psychological tests that finally won him his position as China’s first astronaut. 译文:______________________________________________________ ________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 句式提取:it was...that...

归纳拓展 (1)强调句的一般疑问句句型:Is/Was it+被强调部分+that/who...?? (2)强调句的特殊疑问句句型:疑问词+is/was it+that/who...?? (3)对 not...until...句型中的时间状语(从句)进行强调时的句型:It is/was not until+被强调部分+that+其他成分。 活学活用 (1)________________ the rain stopped ________ I went home. 直到雨停了我才回家。 (2)__________ in that park ________ you met him? 你就是在那个公园里遇见他的吗? (3)________________ often help me with my English. 是他们经常帮助我学习英语。 (4)—Where did you find the wallet? —It was at the stadium ________ I played football. A.that B.where C.which D.there 13.If breathed in,they can result in illness or even death. 译文:_________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 句式提取:If breathed in 是状语从句的省略 归纳拓展 英语中,有些表示条件(if/unless)、时间(when/as/while/once)、方式或让步(as if/though) 等的状语从句,如果谓语含有动词 be,且主语又和主句中的主语一致,或者主语是 it, 常把状语从句中的主语和谓语的一部分(特别是动词 be)省略。 注意:时、条、让、方、地,主语同谓语 be;二者省去不可惜;从句主语是 it,省去 it?s 也可以。 Some flowers shut up at night as if (they did this in order) to sleep. 有些花夜间收拢,好像为了睡眠一样。 活学活用 (1)________________,the machine is of no use. 这台机器如不修理便毫无用处。 (2)He often makes mistakes ________________ English. 他说英语时常犯错误。 (3)Although she believed that she had a good chance of recovering,the doctor said that few, ________,could come back to normal after getting this disease. A.if any B.if so C.if not D.if ever 14.They not only studied all the subjects required to be an astronaut,but also learned survival skills and all about how spaceships and rockets are built. 译文:__________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 句式提取:not only...but also... 归纳拓展 not only...but also...意思是“不仅……,而且……” ,在句中连接两个表语。not only...but also...连接两个平行成分,当连接两个主语时,谓语动词的单复数按“就近一致”原则 确定。 They learn not only how to run a coffee shop but also how to deal with their affairs.(2010· 课标全国卷,阅读理解 B) 他们不仅学习如何经营一家咖啡店,也学习如何处理他们的事务。

活学活用 (1)____________ you ____________ she ________ wanted on the telephone. 电话里不仅找你还有她。 (2)I?m ________ a student ________ a teacher. 我不是学生而是老师。 (3)He ____________________ all day. 他整天不学习只是玩耍。 (4)It is often said that the joy of travelling is________ in arriving at your destination________ in the journey itself.(2010· 邵阳模拟) A./;but B./;or C.not;or D.not;but

Unit 3

Amazing people

Ⅰ.语境填词 1.The ________ (组织者) was praised for his ________(勇敢) and fine ________ (品行). 2.He was so __________ (伶俐的) that he made a new ________ (发现) ________ (在?? 之内) a week. 3.________ (一旦) you are in that ________ (位置),you?ll ________ (接触) all kinds of people. 4.There is a ________ (警告) to ________ (保护) eyesight. 5.It is ________ (确定的) that the novel is ________ (以??为基础) on some ________ (当代的) scientists. Ⅱ.选词填空 set sail for,as well as,result in,look up to,be chosen as,apply for 1.Her carelessness ____________ a very serious accident,causing three deaths. 2.She has always ________________ her father as a good example. 3.We ________________ France at high tide. 4.She is a talented musician ________________ being a photographer. 5.He ________________ the new president last month. 6.He succeeded in ______________ the position. Ⅲ.翻译句子 1.到他来时,会议已经结束了。 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 2.我们都知道的是他成功得到了那份工作。 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 3.一旦你理解了,你就很容易学会。 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 4.暴风雨过后,给这一地区造成了巨大损害。 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 5.他用了五年的时间掌握这门技术。

________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ Ⅳ.单项填空 1. ________ at the airport, telephoned his wife and told her what he would do when he got he home.

A.Upon arriving B.Once arrived C.When he got D.As soon as he reached 2.The government was doing everything ________ its power to help the victims. A.beyond B.within C.over D.below 3.It?s important that these traditions handed down from generation to generation should be ________. A.reserved B.preserved C.deserved D.prevented 4.It is quite ________ that they live in ________ building in the street. A.sure;a B.sure;some C.certain;certain D.certain;some 5.—Did you give Mary the money you owed her? —Yes,I gave it to her ________ I saw her. A.while B.the moment C.suddenly D.once 6.I want to thank everyone who has ________ and supported me. A.encouraged B.given C.been encouraged D.been given 7.It?s said that he?s ________ to that case. A.relative B.related C.relation D.relationship 8.He is ________ to do the job. A.well B.worth C.qualified D.worthwhile 9.We had great difficulty ________,for the air was thin. A.in breath B.to breathe C.to breath D.in breathing 10.He,as well as his parents,________ kind to me. A.is B.are C.shows D.has 11.Yesterday I rushed into a bookstore,________ a shelter from the rain without noticing what kind of bookstore it was. A.only finding B.only to find C.just to find D.just finding 12.You will be successful in the interview ________ you have confidence. A.before B.once C.until D.though 13.________ was most important to her,she told me,was her family. A.It B.This C.What D.As 14.The students ________busily when Miss Brown went to get a book she ________ in the office. A.had written;left B.were writing;has left C.had written;had left D.were writing;had left

15.I usually ________ my spare time reading. A.take B.cost C.spend D.have Ⅴ.课文信息填空 Characters Who was he? What did he do? A 1.________ of George Gould Visited the tomb Carnarvon ?4.________ Carter money to explore the A British man showed Lord Carnarvon mystery 3.________ in Egypt ?Be 5.________ at the opened tomb ?In 1891,set 8.________ for Alexandria, Egypt A famous 6.________ especially for the ?By the 1920s Howard Carter 7.______ of King searched for the tombs Tutankhaof the Egyptian kings mun?s tomb ?In 1922 found the tomb of King Tutankhamun Richard Bethell Carter?s 9.________ Entered the tomb

How did he die? A high 2.________

A fever

Seemed nothing to do with the tomb

Died of 10.________ trouble

Ⅵ.完形填空 Billy, harda working student, fourteen years old and in the ninth grade. He has a partis time job that __1__ him up every morning at five o?clock,when most people are still __2__ asleep. He is a newspaper boy. Each morning,Billy leaves the house at 5∶15 to go to the __3__ where the newspapers always are. The newspapers were __4__ to the corner by truck at midnight. He always takes a wagon to __5__ them. In the winter it is still dark __6__ he gets up every day,but during the rest of the year it is __7__. Billy must send the newspapers to the houses of people on his __8__ in all kinds of weather. He tries to put each paper on the porch(门廊) where it will be __9__ from wind,rain or snow. Sometimes his customers give him tips,__10__ him very excited. Billy earns about $70 per month through hard __11__, he is saving some of the money to and go to __12__,where he has always been longing to go. Besides that,he __13__ the rest of the earnings on records and clothes. Once a month, has to collect the __14__ at night since many of he them work during the day. That is when he is __15__ so that he is full of excitement. Luckily,he gets __16__ supported by his family. Sometimes,when Billy is sick,his brother offers to deliver the newspapers for him. Once,his father was too __17__ to help. Billy has seventy customers now,but he doesn?t feel __18__ about the number. He dreams that he will get __19__ customers as possible some day. __20__,he might win a prize for being an outstanding newspaper boy. He wants to win a trip to Europe,but he will be happy if he wins a new bicycle. 1.A.wakes B.takes C.gets D.picks 2.A.sound B.falling C.fall D.soundly 3.A.corner B.street C.room D.department 4.A.given B.addressed C.handed D.delivered 5.A.carry B.bring C.send D.load 6.A.at which B.while C.that D.when 7.A.short B.black C.light D.long 8.A.road B.way C.route D.path 9.A.protected B.stopped C.kept D.prevented 10.A.making B.letting C.leading D.causing

11.A.attempt 12.A.abroad 13.A.costs 14.A.paper 15.A.depressed 16.A.very 17.A.likely 18.A.satisfied 19.A.many more 20.A.If that Ⅶ.阅读理解

B.job B.school B.spends B.money B.energetic B.great B.reluctant B.pleasant B.as much B.If so

C.work C.college C.pays C.newspapers C.fulfilled C.greatly C.tried C.contented C.as many C.Besides A

D.struggle D.hospital D.uses D.records D.moved D.a lot of D.willing D.happy D.much more D.What?s more

Passport Control(护照检查处) If you are arriving at London Heathrow Airport and are not transferring to another flight outside Britain or Northern Ireland,you must pass through the Passport Control and the Customs immediately after leaving your plane. If you are not from Britain or a citizen of the European Community(欧共体),you must fill out a special form before your passport is examined. This form is called a landing card and should be given to you during the flight to London. After landing,follow the ARRIVALS signs. Make sure you are in the right channel when you reach the Passport Control. There is one channel for holders of European Community Passports,and a second channel marked “Other Passports”. Baggage Reclaim Area(取行李处) After passing through the Passport Control,follow the signs to the Baggage Reclaim Area. If you have luggage which is carried in the aircraft hold,it will be delivered to you in the Baggage Reclaim Area. Look for the sign with your flight number.If you have only hand luggage,go directly through the Baggage Reclaim Area to the Customs. Customs All passengers must pass the Customs after the Passport Control.There is a choice of two channels: Green and Red.If you have nothing to declare, through the Green Channel.If you are go not sure about your Duty Free Allowance(免税限额) or if you have something to declare,go through the Red Channel. Information about Duty Free Allowance can be found on special notice boards in the Baggage Reclaim Area.You should study this information carefully whether you are going through the Red Channel or not.Please note that if you go through the Green Channel,you may be stopped and asked to open your luggage for inspection. 1.All passengers arriving at Heathrow Airport that are not transferring to another flight outside Britain or Northern Ireland ________. A.must go through either the Passport Control or the Customs B.must go through the Customs,but not the Passport Control C.must go through the Passport Control and the Customs D.don?t have to be examined 2.The underlined word “transferring” means ________. A.exchanging B.changing C.replacing D.turning 3.At London Heathrow Airport when reaching the Passport Control,________. A.all passengers go through the same channel B.passengers of the European Community and those from other countries go through different channels C.British people and passengers from other countries go through different channels D.all European passengers go through the same channel 4.If you have only hand luggage,________.

A.you may go through the Baggage Reclaim Area to the Customs B.you should only go through the Baggage Reclaim Area C.it isn?t necessary for you to go through the Baggage Reclaim Area D.it isn?t necessary for you to do anything 5.If you have Duty Free goods,________. A.you don?t have to go through the Green Channel B.you may go through the Green Channel C.you must go through the Red Channel D.you should go through both Green and Red Channels

B Bring the Family? Port Regis School is well situated for exploring the beautiful South and West of England Wales. Sibford School is located in Oxfordshire with easy access to London,Oxford and StratforduponAvon. Each school has excellent hotels and guest houses nearby for parents who are dropping off or collecting children from school. Please note: ●All students attending English Country Schools must live residentially on site. ●We do not recommend that parents live locally while their child is in school:experience suggests that this often upsets the child and disrupts progress. Howard’s House Country Hotel & Restaurant About 15 minutes from Port Regis School,Howard?s House is set in large gardens hidden away in the quietness of the lovely Nadder valley. Plumber Manor Plumber Manor is a comfortable Jacobean manor house built of local stone, situated about 20 minutes from Port Regis School. The 17thcentury house is surrounded by lawns and is set in the tranquil Dorset countryside. Woodville Farm Bed & Breakfast+Selfcatering Woodville Farm is a family- arable & livestock farm set in the Dorset countryside about 5 run minutes from Port Regis School.Bed and Breakfast accommodation: one double bedroom & one twin bedroom both with bathrooms,tea & coffee making facilities,color television & hairdryer. There is also a selfcatering(自供伙食的)2bedroom house nearby. Stock Hill Country House Hotel and Restaurant Stock Hill Country House Hotel and Restaurant is a late Victorian mansion set in eleven acres of mature and beautiful wooden grounds on the borders of Dorset,Somerset and Wiltshire.About 10 minutes from Port Regis School. 6.The passage is mainly written for ________. A.students B.general readers C.parents D.oversea travelers 7.Parents are strongly advised not to live locally while their child is in school because ________. A.their child is too excited to be reunited with parents B.parents stay with their child for too long time C.their visit makes their child angry D.their staying disturbs their child?s studies 8.If you prefer living in a stone house,which hotel would you choose? A.Plumber Manor. B.Woodville Farm Bed & Breakfast + Selfcatering. C.Howard?s House Country Hotel & Restaurant. D.Stock Hill Country House Hotel and Restaurant. 9.Woodville Farm is different from other hotels in that ________. A.it is hidden in a large garden

B.guests can cook their own food in a 2bedroom house nearby C.it dates back from Victorian times D.it has a very beautiful country sight 10.If you stay at Plumber Manor,how long does it take you to reach Port Regis School? A.About 5 minutes. B.About 10 minutes. C.About 15 minutes. D.About 20 minutes. Ⅷ.书面表达 根据所给表格,用英语写一篇报道,简要描述我市近年来家用轿车增长情况,并分析其 增长原因。主要原因包括:轿车的方便实用;道路条件的改善;城市扩建使家庭与单位的距 离拉大;近年来家庭收入明显增长等。 注意:1.开头已经给出; 2.可以适当发挥,以使行文连贯。

Recently the average number of private cars in every 100 families has been increasing rapidly in our city.In 1999_________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 课堂活动区 1.curiosity 活学活用 (1)was curious to (2)D [be curious about 对……好奇。句意为:如果你对澳大利亚城市好奇的话,读一 下由约翰逊博士写的这本书。] 2.presence

活学活用 (1)presented;to (2)in the presence of (3)C [句意为:在大多数情况下,即使过去的一件普通的东西,也能够呈现出古代生 活的面貌。present 呈现,符合句意。] 3.comparison 活学活用 (1)By comparison (2)compare with yours (3)A [句意为:和现在相比,它过去是一个小村庄。compared with...过去分词短语作状 语。] 4.survival 活学活用 (1)survived him by (2)①survivor ②survived the earthquake ③survived on ④survival (3)B [由句意可知,此处应为“为了渡过漫长而又痛苦的冬天”。survive sth.从……中挺 过来,符合句意。] 5.manager;management 活学活用 (1)tried;manage (2)managed to find (3)C [manage without 在没有……的情况下应付得过去。答句句意为:——没关系。在 没有帮助的情况下我能应付。] 6.proof 活学活用 (1)prove to be useful (2)There?s no proof (3)B [句意为:虽然吃了很多药,他的健康仍很差。remain 仍然,用作连系动词,符 合句意。] 7.活学活用 (1)be in a position to advise (2)in a very difficult position (3)C [由上句可知, “椅子放的不是地方”; of position 不在适当的位置, out 符合句意。 ] 8.活学活用 (1)pay off (2)A [考查动词短语辨析。 在本句中 pay off 意为“有回报”。 work out 想出, 解决; back get 回来;turn out 结果是,证明是。] 9.活学活用 (1)were invited (2)as well as mine (3)D [who 指的是 friends,故用 like;第二空的主语应是 Tom,故选 D 项。] 10.活学活用 (1)resulted from (2)resulted in (3)B [此处应为“由于车祸,……”,故选 B 项,as a result of 由于……。] 11.活学活用 (1)is known/famous as (2)is known to (3)C [第一空是“作为小说家和诗人而出名”;第二空是“更以他的小说而出名”,故选 C 项。] 12. 尽管杨利伟实际上并不是每项测试都得了最高分, 但他各项心理测试所得的高分使 他最终赢得了中国首名宇航员的席位。 活学活用 (1)It was not until;that (2)Was it;that (3)It is they who (4)B [该句为强调句, 强调地点状语 at the stadium, 其后是 where 引导的定语从句修饰 stadium,整个句子省略了 that I found the wallet,故选 B 项。] 13.如果这些病毒被人体吸入,它们就可能会导致疾病甚至死亡。 活学活用

(1)Unless repaired (2)when speaking (3)A [句意为:医生说,如果有的话,也很少能恢复到正常。if any 相当于 if there were any。] 14.他们不仅学习成为宇航员所必修的全部科目,还学习生存技巧,以及关于飞船和火 箭制造的所有知识。 活学活用 (1)Not only;but also;is (2)not;but (3)does not work but plays (4)D [句意为:旅行的快乐不在于到达目的地,而在于旅行本身。not...but...不是…… 而是……。] 课外练习区 Ⅰ.1.organizer;bravery;quality 2.bright;discovery;within 3.Once;position;contact 4.warning;preserve 5.certain;based;living Ⅱ.1.resulted in 2.looked up to 3.set sail for 4.as well as 5.was chosen as 6.applying for Ⅲ. 1.By the time he came,the meeting had been over. 2.What is known to us all is that he has succeeded in getting the job. 3.Once you understand it,you?ll learn it easily. 4.The storm left,having caused a lot of damage to the area. 5.He spent five years learning the skill. Ⅳ. 1.A [upon doing sth.表示“一……就……”,其他选项均存在语法错误。] 2.B [within one?s power 为固定搭配,意为“在某人权力范围内”。] 3.B [词义辨析题。reserve 预订,预约;preserve 保存,保留;deserve 值得,应得; prevent 阻止。句意:这些一代代传下来的传统被保留下来是很重要的。] 4.D [当主语为形式主语 it 时,用 certain。some 表示“某个,某一”,后接可数名词单 数,相当于 a certain。] 5.B [the moment 引导时间状语从句,意为“一……就……”;once 一旦,引导的从句 为条件状语从句。] 6.A [句意为:我要感谢每位给予我鼓励(encourage)与支持的人。] 7.B [be related to sth.与某事有关联。] 8.C [be qualified to do sth.适合/胜任做某事。] 9.D [have difficulty (in) doing sth.做某事有困难。] 10.A [as well as 连接两个名词作主语时,谓语动词与前一个保持一致;be kind to sb. 对某人友好。] 11.B [only to do 为不定式作状语,表示结果。] 12.B [由句意知,此处应为条件状语,once 表示“一旦……”。] 13.C [she told me 为插入语,前面为主语从句,引导词在从句中作主语,故选 what。] 14.D [布朗小姐去取书的时候,学生们正在写,故用过去进行时,“把书忘在办公室” 发生在“去取书”这一过去的动作之前,因此用过去完成时。] 15.C [spend...doing sth.为固定句式。] Ⅴ.1.friend 2.fever 3.interest 4.Offered 5.present 6.explorer 7.discovery 8.sail 9.secretary 10.heart Ⅵ. 内容解读 本文为记叙文。十四岁的比利是一个勤奋的男孩,除了在校学习外,他还干了一份送报 的兼职工作。他把通过辛勤劳动所挣来的每月七十美元的薪水,存一部分供自己上大学用, 其余的用于购买磁带、衣服等。每月拿到自己用劳动换来的报酬时,他就有一种满足感,非

常兴奋。 1.C [他有一份使他每天早晨五点起床的兼职工作,那时绝大多数人还在熟睡。get 与副词 up 搭配时,可以用作不及物动词,表示自己起床,也可以用作及物动词,表示使某 人起床。] 2.A [表示“熟睡”时,常用的结构有:be fast asleep,be sound asleep 或 sleep soundly。 fall asleep 表示入睡的动作,而此处表示的是熟睡的状态,要用 be fast/sound asleep,故选 A 项。] 3.A [下一句中的 to the corner 暗示了此题的答案,每天早晨他去的是放报纸的那个 角落。] 4.D [表示送信、送报时,常用动词 deliver,属于固定搭配。] 5.A [此处表示他用运货车来运送报纸,不强调方向,要用 carry,意为“运送”。bring 表示“带来”;send 表示“寄发或派人送去”;load 指“往车上面装载货物”。] 6.D [在冬天,他每天起床的时候,天还黑着,但在一年的其他时间,当他起床时, 天就已经亮了。根据语意,此处要用引导时间状语从句的连词,又因为“起床”是非延续性动 词,所以用 when。while 引导的时间状语从句中谓语动词必须为延续性动词。] 7.C [根据语境,此处要用和前面 dark“黑暗的”相对的词 light“明亮的”。] 8.C [无论什么样的天气,比利都必须把报纸送到属于他线路上的所有人的家里去。 route 路线,路程,航线;road 道路,公路;way 路,特指去某处的路;path 小径。] 9.A [他尽量把每份报纸都放在门廊上,在那儿报纸会被保护着,免遭风、雨或雪的 破坏。protect...from 意为“保护……免受”。] 10.A [有时,他的顾客给他一些小费,这使他很兴奋。选项中能接形容词作宾语补 足语的动词只有 make,且根据语意知此处应用 v.- 作结果状语。若用 cause 来表达,其结 ing 构应该是“cause sb. to be+adj.”。] 11.C [比利通过辛苦工作,每月挣大约 70 美元。work 当“工作”讲时,为不可数名词, 而 job 当此意讲时,为可数名词,此句中应用不可数名词 work。] 12.C [从前边的介词 to 可判断应该排除副词 abroad;从后边的“他一直渴望去那儿” 判断出,要去的地方绝对不可能是医院;文章第一句已经点明了比利是一名勤奋的学生,而 且已经十四岁了,所以他应该是为上理想的大学而存钱。] 13.B [主语为人且后边的介词为 on,此句采用的是 spend money on sth.结构。表示此 意时,还可用 pay money for sth.或 use money for sth.结构;cost 表示花钱之意时,其主语常 是物。] 14. [前边谈的是比利每月辛苦劳动所得的收入和他对这笔收入的利用打算, B 所以此 句讲的应该是他每月一次去收他的钱(money)。] 15.C [fulfilled 满足的,此处表示拿到工资时的一种满足感。depressed 消沉的,不景 气的;energetic 精力充沛的;moved 感动的。] 16.C [此句采用的是“get+过去分词”构成的被动语态,此空中的词修饰动词,应该 用程度副词 greatly,表示“大大地”。very 也是程度副词,但常用于修饰形容词或副词;great 是形容词,可修饰名词;a lot of 后边接名词。] 17.D [一度,他父亲也非常乐于帮忙。too 可以用作程度副词,修饰表示情感的形容 词,这时 too 相当于 very,意为“非常”。willing 乐意的,符合语境。likely 可能的;reluctant 不情愿的;tired 疲倦的。] 18.D [比利现在有七十个顾客,但他对这个数字还感到不满足。表示“对某事满足” 时,可用 be happy about/with sth.结构,也可用 be content/contented/satisfied with sth.结构。根 据空后的介词 about 可知,应该用形容词 happy。] 19.C [从后边的 as possible 可看出,此句采用的是 as...as 结构,又因为 customers 为 可数名词复数,所以此处选 many。] 20.B [如果那样的话,他可能会获得为杰出送报员颁发的奖项。表示“如果是那样/ 这样的话”时,常用 if so,in that/this case 这样的表达,而不用 if that/this 这样的结构。] Ⅶ. 语篇定位 本文是一篇应用文。文章介绍了乘客在伦敦的希思罗机场下飞机后应该注意的若干问

题,其中主要谈到护照验证和拿取行李时的注意事项以及海关检查的问题。 长难句分析 If you are arriving at London Heathrow Airport and are not transferring to another flight outside Britain or Northern Ireland,you must pass through the Passport Control and the Customs immediately after leaving your plane. 该句是一个复合句。其中 if 引导的是一个条件状语从句;transfer 在这里意为“换乘, 转乘”; 主句中的“immediately after...”是时间状语, 意为“下飞机之后立刻??”。 句意为: 如果你到达了伦敦的希思罗机场, 又不打算换乘到英国和北爱尔兰之外的航班, 那么你必须 一下飞机就立刻通过护照验证和海关检查。 1.C [细节理解题。联系上下文再结合 Customs 中的“All passengers must pass the Customs after the Passport Control.”可知,在希思罗机场你一定要接受护照和海关检查。] 2.B [词义猜测题。根据上下文可知,该词为“换乘,转乘”之意,此处指换乘飞机。 故答案为 B 项。] 3.B [细节理解题。联系 Passport Control 一节中第二段中的“There is one channel for holders of European Community Passports,and a second channel marked ?Other Passports?.”的 介绍可知,欧共体的乘客和其他地方的乘客所走的通道不同。] 4.A [细节理解题。结合 Baggage Reclaim Area 中的“If you have only hand luggage, go directly through the Baggage Reclaim Area to the Customs.”可知,如果你只有手提行李,那 么就可以直接去海关。] 5.B [细节理解题。根据 Customs 中的“If you have nothing to declare,go through the Green Channel. If you are not sure about your Duty Free Allowance(免税限额)or if you have something to declare,go through the Red Channel.”可知,如果你没有什么要申报的(有免税商 品),你就可以从绿色通道通过。] 语篇定位 本文为一篇广告, 主要介绍 Port Regis 学校附近的四个旅馆的特点, 为家长在 Port Regis 学校附近住宿提供信息。 长难句分析 We do not recommend that parents live locally while their child is in school: experience suggests that this often upsets the child and disrupts progress. 第一个 that 引导的是宾语从句, 其中 while 引导的是时间状语从句; 第二个 that 引导的 也是宾语从句。句意为:我们不建议家长住在这个地方,经验告诉我们这样会让孩子感到不 安,而且影响他们进步。 6.C [写作意图题。根据文章内容可以判断,文章主要是为到学校接送孩子的家长提 供住宿方面的信息的。] 7.D [细节理解题。Please note 部分的第二句表明,在孩子学习期间,家长住在学校 附近会妨碍孩子的学习。] 8.A [细节理解题。从 Plumber Manor 部分的内容可知,Plumber Manor 是一个用石头 建造的旅馆。] 9.B [细节理解题。根据这四个旅馆的情况简介可知,第三个旅馆与其他旅馆的不同 之处在于:住宿的客人可以住在自供伙食的房子里。所以 B 项正确。] 10.D [细节理解题。根据 Plumber Manor 一段的叙述可知,从 Plumber Manor 到 Port Regis 学校大约需要 20 分钟。] Ⅷ. 参考范文 Recently the average number of private cars in every 100 families has been increasing rapidly in our city.In 1999 there were only 2 cars in per hundred families.In 2003,4% of families began to own cars,and nearly 8% in 2006.This year,the average number of private cars in every 100 families has reached almost 17,which shows a rapid increase. It is believed that so many families have cars for several reasons.Firstly,private cars have made it very convenient for people to go about.Secondly,roads have been greatly improved so that people begin feeling safe driving a car.Besides,reconstruction of the city has made it surprisingly enlarged so that living far away,some people need cars to go to and from work.And the increase of family income is sure to be another important reason.

From the description above,we can certainly make a conclusion that the number of private car owners will be increasing at a even higher speed with the rapid economic pace of our society.


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