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高考英语特殊句式经典讲解


英语特殊句式

1. 强调; It be…连接词 that/who 其它
1. 去掉句型词后,仍完整。 2. 可以强调,主语,宾语,状语。 3. 强调状语时,常含有介词,连接词用 that. 4. 强调部分含有定语从句。 5. 与 not… until 时间状语综合,not 和 until 在强调句中紧挨着。 6. 强调句的特殊疑问形式为;疑问词。 。be.. it..that.. ,语序问题考查 7. 强调句的特殊疑问形式, 若在宾语从句中呢, 疑问词。 。it..be…that 8. 强调结构的省略形式,即被强调部分后的省略。

DO(does,

did,)用在动词原形前;

务必,确实。<只能用于

一般式的肯定句>
<1> They couldn’t say ___it was _____troubled them. A.what; that B.what, what C. that what D.what who <2>It is not who is right but what is right_____is of importance. A.which B.it C.that D .this <3>.It was in China ____Tom first met Mr.Lin. A.that B. How C. which D.where <4>.It was ____back home after the experiment . A. not until midnight did he go B.until midnight that he didn’t go C.not until midnight that he went D.until midnight when he didn’t go <5>Where did you get to know her ? It was on the farm _____we worked . A. that B.There C. which D .where

2.倒装
1.它相反的一面,则是陈述;若使用倒装,在句子中会出现某些迹象 2.种类:完全倒装, (谓语提前) ;部分倒装(助词提前) 。 3. 完全倒装:
<1>表示地点的介词短语在句首时; (谓语为 Vi sit ,live , stand , come , run ) <2>.副词 in , out, up, down, away, off 在句首时, (若主语是人称代词时,不倒装) 。 <3>There be 句型,要完全倒装。 (Be 动词可换为 live , stand, lie, seem, happen, come, Appear, remain ) 4.部分倒装 <1>否定词在句首时。 (后面部分不能再出现否定词) 常见否定词如下: Never , seldom, little, hardly, scarcely, barely, by no means, under no circumstance <2>.以 only +副词(介词短语, 从句:正常语序。 )在句首时; <3>so/such….that 句型中,若 so/such 提到句首时,该部分倒装; (但 that 部分不倒装) 。 <4>.虚拟条件句中,省略 if,提前 were ,had, should. <5>.so, / neither, / nor +倒装语序,(表示“也适应”) <6>.as/though 引导的状语从句,要倒装。 <7>.not only….but also 前倒后不倒; not until…部分不倒装,后面的部分倒装。 (1).So absorbed___________ in her work that she didn’t realize I was behind her. A. did she B. was she C. she did D. she was (2)No sooner________ begun to speak_________ I sensed that something was wrong. A. he has; when B. he had; than C. had he; than D. did he; when (3)Only when ___________ possible to settle the problem. A. does the chief editor come will it be B. the chief editor comes will it be C. does the chief editor come it will be D. the chief editor comes it will be . (4).___________from the tenth floor when the policeman pointed his gun at him. A. Jumped down the murderer B. Down jumped the murderer C. Down the murderer jumped D. Down did the murderer jump (5).___________, he does get angry with her sometimes. A. As he likes her much B. He likes her much C. Though much he likes her D. Much as he likes her (6).In recent years travel companies have succeeded in selling us the idea that the further we go,__________. A. our holiday will be better B. the better our holiday will be C. our holiday will be the better D. the better will our holiday be (7).Hardly___________ when the bus suddenly pulled away. A. they had got to the bus stop B. they got to the bus stop C. did they get to the bus stop D. had they got to the bus stop

省略
<1>限制性定语从句中,引导词作宾语,可省略。 <2>.when, while, as, if, unless, although, though, until, once, whether 等 连接状语从句中,常省略跟主句相同主语和 be 动词。 They just carried out the order as told. <3>.两个(以上的)不定式不定时并列,后面的 to 省略。 <4>.不定式作感官动词,使役动词的宾补时省略 to. I saw him enter the classroom yesterday. <5>.介词 but 的前面有 do 时, 后面的不定式省略 to.即前有 do,后无 to.
(1).______________, I would have phoned you. A. If I knew it B. Had I known it C. If I know it D. Did I know (2).---What do you suppose made her look so unhappy? ---__________ her wallet. A. Lose B. Lost C. Losing D. Because of losing (3). When___________ into the machine, the water soon changed into ice. A. taken B. taking C. to be taken D. to take (4).---I got tired of the village life here. ---Why____________ for a few weeks? A. don’t come to my home C. not coming to my home C. do you come to my home D. not come to my home (5).---You performed so well. Are you an actor? ---No, I’m not. But I___________. A. used B. used to C. used to be D. was used to (6).. How is it that you are late for class again? ---____________. A. By bus and then on foot B. Because I missed the bus C. Yes, it’s quite wrong D. It’s far from school

祈使句
<1>以动词原形开头,省略了主语 you,其否定在它前面加 Don’t. <2>反意疑问句一般为 will you ?但是 Let’s….开头要用 shall we ?

<3>.句型:祈使句+连词+陈述句 ;与分词作状语的区别,在于有没 有连词 and /or . <4>.名词短语可以代替祈使句部分。 <5>.该句型连词前不能是非谓语那三种形式,也不能是 If 条件句。 <6>.有时侯祈使句与连词间可能有插入语,完全可以去掉它。 (1)._______and I will get the work finished. A.Have one more hour B.One more hour C. Given one more hour D. If I have one more hour

解析 :据 and 为连词,其前后须为句子或与句子相当的部分,可排 除后两项, 好像 A 项正确,但是祈使句省略了主语 You ,前后不和逻辑 故答案为 B. (2).You can go to the party with us if you _______ A.want to B. Want to do C . want it D. want to go _________

(3).What makes you so worried ? A.Because of my weight

B .I’ve put on some weight

C .That I’m putting on weight D.Because I ’ve put on weight (4). What are you busy with ? The conference ____in our city next week , as you know. A.will be held B.held C. be holding D.to be held

答案:1-5A C A C D;

1-7BCBBD,BD

1-6BCADBB1-4. BACD



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