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SGS ROHS 讲义


Restriction Hazardous Substances for E&E Products (ROHS) ?q¤l?ê°T???~?T??¤??????è

September, 2003

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¤ j ? ?
WEEE & RoHS 电子信息产品污染防治管理办法

SGS ???à??¨???A°? Q&A
September, 2003
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???? ?ü???X Environment Hormone

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???y???????D?????ù
???????D
·??????? ?????h?}?a ????·??? ?o±ó???B?z
September, 2003

????¤?ù
??-????E??-n¤??ù ?X?S°ú???w?? §t??
????±?y¤??ù ??????h??¤?¨ó?w ??????w??????? ?¤?????¤??ù ?POPs¤??ù ?WEEE.TCO’

??????¨?
???¤?·??????? ????à

.?`?à

(??
?°???¤?·??a?O?@ ?°ò?]§??è???×K

)·????T??

?M?`???è?T?? (?o±ó???T?V???à??
? ? ? ?

/??¨? )
8

….

???y???????D???¨????¤
?? ?O ?? ?D
???ù??¨? -??I

q u i r e m e n t s f o r

?k?W /???????¤
b o d i e s o p e r a t i n g p r o d u c t c e r t i f i c a t i

???ú ???? /?ü?O ?é¨t

???~?W?d °ê¤??? ?O???D °ê?~?? ?O???D
?ODC ?POPs ?ROHs ?
? ? ?

??a?q?A???k ??L?]???~-n¨D ??]???o±ó?? ?קK?k ?ISO12469
? ? ?

ISO Guide65
General requirements for bodies operating product certification systems
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Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) 长

September, 2003

???y??·~??-±?{?????°??D

- “¤H?? ?y?U?g???é?^?°?c??

” ?P “?a?y§?

” ?[?? WEEE ?P RoHS ?H?°??

-¨????~???? ?P?[¤? ?ì?B???????z¨t??
September, 2003

“?w?????ú

” ?P “??

” ???ù-?¨? - BsB???¨???? ?~??????? ????? ?{?

10

WEEE
?q¤l¤??q???]??o±ó???B?z?k
Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment
DIRECTIVE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

1. on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) 2002/96/EC 2.on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment (RoHS) 2002/95/EC

September, 2003

11

¤j??

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??¤?

? ? ?
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?F????q

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????

?

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?A???d?ò-

?]?A???y?q¤p?ó 1500 V ???y?q¤p?ó 1000 V¤§?q¤l?q?????~

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???`???è?W?d
?
? ? ?

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???{?í

( Collection )????¤§-n¨D

September, 2003

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? ?

September, 2003

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¤j-^°ê¨ó?????{í
? ? – 2001?~?°¤? ? ??·ù?ê?I??????`???è¤?S?í?o±ó???W?d – 2002?~?K¤? ? WEEE¤G???q?L – 2002?~?L¤? ? ??·ù±???WEEE?ó?× – 2002??¤? ? ¤j-^°ê¨ó±N?ê?I?S?í?o±ó???W?d – 2004?~?ì ? WEEE???ó?×±N??¤Jj-^°ê¨ó?k??
September, 2003
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¤j-^°ê¨ó???{?í
– 2004?~?L¤? ? ?]?¤??????ê?±N?Q-ק? – 2005?~?ì ? ???????§??ó??~?¨ê????á-t???d?? – 2005?~?L¤? ? ¤j-^°ê¨ó???F?¨???w?????^???? – 2006?~?K¤? ? ?????????F?¨?A§Q??¤?A?^????? – 2007?~?L¤? ? ?ê?IRoHS¤?WEEE

September, 2003

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¨ü?v?T?????~
…. …..

September, 2003

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WEEE ???×
1¤?§??¨q¤l¤??q?? ?]??o±ó???B?z?k ?] Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment,WEEE?^ ,¨??D-n???? ?O??¤??q¤l¤??q???]????o±ó??¨?????^ ??¤?A§Q??¨t???A±q??-°§C?o¨????è?b?o ±ó?B±??I¤??I?N????¤H?é¤???????i?à?y ?¨??M?`¤??????C ?w?w 2006?~??-±°????C 2003 ?~

September, 2003

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电子信息产品污染防治管理办法
目的 适用范围 有害物质规范 产品标注规范

September, 2003

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目的
减少废弃产品对环境造成的污染 限制有害物质的使用 提高资源利用效率 提高环境保护意识

September, 2003

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适用范围
从事电子信息产品的生产、销售和进口的行为 不包括直接为出口而生产的电子信息产品,以及销 售注明了原始生产者的电子信息产品的行为 电子信息产品范围包括
电子雷达产品、电子通讯产品、 广播电视产品、计算机产品、 家用电子产品、电子测量仪器产品、 电子专用产品、电子元器件产品、 电子应用产品、电子材料产品

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限制使用有害物质
?
? ?

其他

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产品的标注规范
可回收利用标志
?分类
完全可回收利用 部分可回收利用 完全不可回收利用

?国家统一规定标志的样式和方式

注明安全使用期限
?国家统一规定的标注样式 ?在产品说明书中详细说明

September, 2003

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TCO
( Tjanstemannens Centralorganization )
TCO ?°·?¨?w???ó?ê°T?????~??±??X???O?????A???e ?]?A TCO’92?B TCO’95?B TCO’99?B TCO’01?B TCO’03 ? TCO’95 & TCO’99?G?????? ±a?? )?B¨t????¤????L?m ? TCO’01?G¤??÷ ????????±???¤????~§??N?i??§ó???T§ó?Y????-n¨D ( ?±·??g?u???A?-±?A?i?? TCO’03 ?A?[¤W?L?í?÷?n

4E ( Energy?A Emission ?A Ergonomic ?A Ecology )

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TCO

September, 2003

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¨T¨?§÷??????W?d
DIRECTIVE 2000/53/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL
Of 18 September 2000 on end-of life vehicles

2000?~ 9¤? 18¤é¤?§i?? ?ó???o¨????v?~?W?[?A¨C?~±N?? ???????V¤??B?z?¨???A?y?¨¤?p???????C?]??A???ü?O?W?w ?A??·ù|-?°ê?????k???y¨T¨??s?y°??A?o?i?B?]-p¤?¨?? ?i?^??B?i?A????i?`??¨???¤§?O¨?§÷?A?P?????k?T¤?¨T ¨?§÷?¤?A¨?????¤H?é???????????`??¤?????è?C¨?¤?]?B ???B¨E?M¤??ù???|??-??÷???A?ú???W?w?? ?A°??S?í±?§?¤U?A¤?±o?ó¨?§÷¤t??¤W-z?|??-??÷???A?H¤? ??±N?D¨ì°h?f¨?-t?d?????B?z?O???C
September, 2003

EC ?ü?O 9¨??U?·???o±ó¨?§÷????·ù

2000/53/EC WwA?? ? ? ?

2003?~

7¤?

1¤é°_

33

?U?t°w?????O?????~¤§?ú???W ?d¤?-n¨D
(Cd?? /Pb?] /Hg¨E /VI¤?ù? (ODS) (Fire Retardants) (Others) )

September, 2003

34

-??÷??
? t ° ? Requirement Cd Pb (?] (?? ) ) SS-00259 MICROSOFT (2nd) <5ppm 100ppm ?L- ? _ ) ?L- ? 25ppm 100ppm 5ppm 100ppm 100ppm ?L- ? ?L- ? ?L- ? _ _ HP PHILIPS DELL 5ppm 50ppm IBM ?L- ? ?L- ? ?L- ? _ _

100ppm 100ppm 2ppm 5ppm 10ppm 5ppm _ 100ppm

Hg (¨E ) As(?~ VI( ¤ ? ù ? ? )

September, 2003

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-??÷??
? t ° ? Requirement

KODAK

APPLE

CANON

TOSHIBA

MOTOROLA

Cd (??
Pb (?]

)
)

0ppm 0ppm 0ppm 0ppm ) 0ppm

??-n¨D?L- ? ??-n¨D?L- ?

0ppm * 0ppm 0ppm
_

nDL?-?? ¨ ? nDL?-?? ¨ ?
_

100ppm 100ppm 100ppm 1000ppm 100ppm

Hg (¨E ) As (?~ VI(¤?ù? )

5ppm
??-n¨D?L- ? ??-n¨D?L- ?

_

_

_

*Canon Products in all countries 0ppm by end of 2004.

September, 2003

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?????M?`???è
? t ° ?
Requirement

SS-00259 (2nd)
_

MICROSOFT

HP

PHILIPS

DELL

IBM

ODS
(?????M?`??)

L??

L??

0ppm

0ppm ? L - - - ?

? t ° ? KODAK APPLE CANON TOSHIBA MOTOROLA Requirement ODS (?????M?`?? )

0ppm

L??

_

_

100ppm

September, 2003

37

-@?U??
? t ° ? Requirement
PBB(?E·??p-f) PPBDE(·??p-f??) PCBs(?h???p-f PPCTs(?h??¤T?p-f )

SS-00259 MICROSOFT (2nd) ?L- ?
?L- ? ?L- ? _ ?L- ? ?L- ? 1000ppm 10ppm 100ppm 100ppm _ _

HP
?L- ? ?L- ? ?L- ? _ _

PHILIPS DELL

IBM
?L- ? ?L- ? ?L- ? ?L- ? _

10ppm 1/10ppm _ 10ppm _ _

5ppm 5ppm 1000ppm _ _ _

Chloroparaffin (??¤????ú) PCP (¤-???è×?) Mirex (·???F) TBBP-A-bis

_

-

September, 2003

38

-@?U??
? t ° ? KODAK APPLE Requirement
PBB(?E·??p-f) PBDE(·??p-f??) PCBs(?h???p-f) PCTs(?h??¤T?p-f) Chloroparaffin (??¤????ú) PCP (¤-???è×?)

CANON TOSHIBA MOTOROLA

0ppm 0ppm
_

?L- ? ?L- ? ?L- ?
_

0ppm _ _
_

_

100ppm 100ppm 1000ppm 100ppm

_

_

_

_

September, 2003

39

¨??L
? t °
Requirement Asbestos (????) Azo Dye (°??á?V?? ) Organic tin cpmpounds (???÷?ü ) CHCs (???B¤??X??) PVC (??¤A?m?E )

? SS-00259 MICROSOFT (2nd) L?? L?? L??
_

HP L??
_

PHILIPS DELL

IBM L?? _ _ L??
_

100ppm 30ppm 100ppm
_

10ppm
_

0ppm
_ _ _

_

10ppm 0ppm

_

_

_

_

1000ppm 0ppm

September, 2003

40

¨??L
? t ° ?

KODAK
Requirement Asbestos )?(??? Azo Dye V? ? ? (°?á ? ) Organic tin cpmpounds ü ? (??÷ ? ) CHCs (??B?X?)? ? ?¤ PVC ? ? ? (?¤AmE )

APPLE L--?? _ _ _ L--??

CANON TOSHIBA
_ _ _ _

MOTOROLA 100ppm
_

0ppm
_

0ppm
_

_

_

100ppm
_

_

_

_

_

_

1000ppm

September, 2003

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?b???O???~?ú???A°?¤ ???à??¨???A°?

SGS

September, 2003

42

-ì???B?s?ó¤????~§?ú?????

September, 2003

43

- ?? ÷? ? - ? ?
: 91/338/EEC : 100 ppm : EN1122 (?ì??¤??§t?q?ú?w¤§è?k : ?ì???s?~¤§?????B?w?w???F?o?? ¤??V?????í-±???h¤§?O?@?F?]???¨???¤§ ?q?? /?W?q??
September, 2003

(Cadmium)

)

44

- ?? ÷? ? - ? ?
/?]?W?q??¤§t???q

(Cadmium)

91/157/EEC,93/86/EEC 250 ppm

September, 2003

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??¤§?M?`?v?T

September, 2003

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??¤§?????k?O-?
UK Environment Protection Regulation 1993 No. 1643 ? Limit = 0.01% by mass (100 ppm or 100mg/kg) The Swedish Ban on Cadmium SFS 1985 : 839 ? Limit = 75 ppm (mg/kg) Swiss Ordinance relating relating to Environmentally Hazardous Substances : 1986 Limit = 10 mg/kg (ppm) Decree of 22 March 1999 establishing the Chemical Substance Act Cadmium Decree Limit = 100 ppm (mg/kg) Danish Environmental Protectionage ? Statutory Order No. 1199 of December 23, 1992 on the prohibition of sales, import manufacture of cadmium-containing products – Limit = 75 ppm
September, 2003
47

- ?? ÷? ? - ? ]
89/677/EEC

(Lead)

US EPA 3050B

/ ?W?q???B?????B?V???B?ó??¤§???? ?B?í·????B?????B?b???é?B?q?á?G?B ?w???B????s?~?B??¤????B¨T?o?K?[??
September, 2003

/?w¤??? PVC?w

48

- ?? ÷? ? - ? ]
/?]?W?q??¤§t?]?q ? ? /????¤§t?]?q ? ?

(Lead)

91/157/EEC,93/86/EEC 4000 ppm 16 CFR 1303 600 ppm

September, 2003

49

- ?? ÷? ? - ¨ E
89/677/EEC

(Mercury)

US EPA 3052

September, 2003

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-??÷??

- ¤?ù? (Hexavalent-Chromium)
US EPA 3060A & 7196A

September, 2003

51

¤K¤j-??÷??·??X?q?ú??
EN 71 Part 3 0.07 N ?Q????¨ú¤G¤p???á?A¨??? ICP °??ú¨?-??÷??·??X?q

Sb (?O ) ( < 60 ppm )?F As (?~ ) ( < 25 ppm ) Cd ( ?? ) ( < 75 ppm ) ?F Cr (?? ) ( < 60 ppm ) Pb (?] ) ( < 90 ppm ) ?F Hg (¨E ) ( < 60 ppm ) Se (?? ) ( < 500 ppm )?F Ba (?X ) ( < 1000 ppm )
September, 2003
52

?]??§÷??
94/62/EC, CONEG Pb + Cd + Hg + Cr+6 < 100 ppm

/???O?B?÷???X ¤?ì?Y??

September, 2003

53

?q??

?]

Battery?^

91/157/EEC & Netherlands 1995 ? Limit : for mercury – 0.025% by weight per alkaline manganese battery – 25 mg per cell (except alkaline manganese battery) – Limit for cadmium & lead same as 98/101/EC

September, 2003

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?q??

?]

Battery?^

Heavy Metals ? Mercury, Cadmium, Lead Standard Requirement ? Directive 98/101/EC & Swedish SFS 1997:645 – Limit : 0.0005% mercury by weight – Limit : 0.025% cadmium by weight – Limit : 0.4% lead by weight
September, 2003
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????-@U??
( Halogenated Fire Retardants )
PBBs / PBDEs / PBBEs
(?E·??p-f / ·??p-f?? / ?h·?¤??p-f?? )

83/264/EEC HCl, HBr ¤? ??°??D Dioxin

September, 2003

56

????-@U??
: Polybrominated biphenyl; PBBs : Polybrominated biphenyl ether; PBBEs ; Polybrominated diphenyl ether; PBDEs Polybrominated diphenyl oxide; PBDOs : Polychlorinated naphthalene ; PCNs : Polychlorinated biphenyl ; PCBs : Polychlorinated triphenyl ; PCTs : chlorinated paraffin
September, 2003
57

?ì???K?[???G??¤????ú?A?h???p-f PCB?A?h???`
Chloroparaffin ( ??¤????ú

PCN
)

?l???????F ?o?M?o????K?[???A¤u·~??U

60?H?D-n??§@????????U????F 42?H?ì??¤u·~??°?W???A?ó±??[í ,§?????? CnH2n+2-mClm n-15 m-7

52?H?i???ó?q

September, 2003

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???÷?ü¤?X??

( Organic Tin )

Chemical formula: C12H27SnR / C18H15SnR

September, 2003

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???÷?ü¤?X??

( Organic Tin)

September, 2003

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????

(Asbestos)

September, 2003

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(Asbestos)

September, 2003

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(Asbestos)

September, 2003

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°??á?V??

(AZO Dye)

September, 2003

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?ì???K?[?? ( Additives for Plastics )
Phthalate ( FfG?Q ? - ¤ ?? ?? 1999/815/EC )

September, 2003

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?????M?`???è (Ozone Depleting Substances)
Class ?? : CFCs (?t???¤???? ) / Halones(?ü?s )/ Carbon Tetrachloride (?|??¤??? ) / Methyl Chloroform (¤T?????J ) Class ?? : )
66

HCFCs (?t?????B¤???
September, 2003



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