Periods 6-7 Task 整体设计 教材分析 The purpose of this teaching period is to train the students’ listening ability, speaking ability and writing ability, as well as reading ability. What’s more, stud
ents can also learn the practical ability to know how to report activities. This section consists of a series of activities, which provide students with opportunities to practice their language skills of listening, reading, speaking and writing. It is made up of three kinds of skill building, including understanding a program, comparing information and writing a notice. Besides, there is also a skill building activity in each step. Through the three steps, students will learn to solve a practical problem in their daily life, that is, how to talk about school activities and how to write a notice about a school activity. Teachers can also divide the task into three parts for three teaching periods according to the students’ ability. In the first period, teachers can focus on listening skill to let students learn how to complete a timetable for a school program. In the second period, the teaching important point is to train the students’ speaking ability to enable the students to make decisions by comparing information. In the third teaching period, teachers are advised to put an emphasis on training writing ability. The teaching important and difficult point is to help the students learn how to write a notice. If the students have a high level, teachers are advised to spend one teaching period finishing the task. If necessary, teachers can prepare more listening materials to reach the goal to improve students’ listening ability. As to speaking ability, teac hers had better encourage all students to take part in class-activities. While preparing topics or situations, try to choose the ones that students are interested in and ensure every student to have a chance to speak and discuss. 三维目标 1. To help the students to learn about something on how to start a new school club. 2. To help the students learn the skills of reading a program and of getting information by comparison. 3. To help the students learn how to write a notice. 4. To help the students learn how to start a new school club and design a poster for it. 重点难点 1. To know how to master the skills of reading a program and how to pick out the useful information by comparing it. 2. To know how to write a notice. 3. To learn how to start a new school club and design a poster for it. 4. To know how to get on well with high school life/study. 5. To ensure every student to have a chance to express himself/herself. 教学方法 Listening to the tape and answering some questions. Discussion in pairs or in groups. Task-based in-class activities. Explanation of some language points. 教具准备 A tape recorder and the multimedia. 课前准备 1. Encourage the students to go to the library or surf the Internet to get some information
about school activities in China and some foreign countries. If possible, the students can also be divid ed into several groups to get some information about high school activities in different countries as they like. 2. Before class, ask the students to go over how to use a relative pronoun properly. 教学过程 →Step 1 Greeting While greeting, teachers can intend to use some expressions with attributive clauses. Teachers can also encourage the students to answer some everyday English with attributive clauses. →Step 2 Revision Check the homework and review the usage of relative pronouns. The important teaching aim of last teaching period is to know how to use a relative pronoun properly. Let the students recall the definition of a relative clause. A relative pronoun is a word used to replace a noun or a noun phrase and introduces a relative clause referring to the antecedent. The relative pronouns of English are: who, whom, whose, which, and that. After that, ask the students to finish the following exercises. Translate the following sentences into English: 1. 站在那里的那个高个子是我的兄弟。 2. 遇到一位我上个星期见过的女士。 3. 就是与他一起工作的女孩。 4. 布鲁斯向火堆赶去, 火正在冒烟。 5. 我不喜欢她跟她母亲说话的方式。 6. 这就是几周来他们反复讨论的那个问题。 7. 同他一起工作的人都觉得他有点怪。 8. 我们必须做的是练习英语。 9. 他是我唯一想讲话的人。 10. 他们谈论他们遇见的人和事。 Suggested answers to the translation: 1. The tall man who is standing over there is my brother. 2. I have just met a lady (whom) I saw last week. 3. This is the girl with whom he worked. (whom 不可省) 4. Bruce went towards the fire, which was still smoking. 5. I don’t like the way (in which/that) she talks to her mother. 6. This is the question about which they have so much discussion in the past few weeks. 7. The people with whom he worked thought he was a bit strange. 8. All that we have to do is practice English. 9. He is the only person that I want to talk with. 10. They talked about persons and things that they met. →Step 3 Lead-in Activity 1 Brainstorming Let the students say anything about what they have known about school activities.
Activity 2 Answering questions Teachers may ask the students some questions about school activities, for example: 1. What kind of school activities do they like best? 2. What can they learn from school activities? 3. What school activity program would they like to work out? 4. What may be the purpose of making a school activity program? →Step 4 Understanding a program Activity 1 Reading Ask the students to read skills building 1 on page 12 to know about the following questions: 1. What is a programme? 2. What is a programme made up of? Teachers can ask the students to scan the page and find the answers to the two questions above. Then check the answers. Suggested answers: 1. A programme is a plan of activities to be done or things to be achieved. 2. A programme includes date, day, time, venue, event/activity. Activity 2 Learning some short forms Teachers can ask some students to write down the names of months and the seven days of a week on the blackboard. Then ask the students how to write them in short forms in order to save time. If students have some difficulty, teachers should help them to know their abbreviations. Sample answers: Months: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December Short forms: Jan. , Feb. , Mar. , Apr. , May, Jun. , Jul. , Aug. , Sep. , Oct. , Nov. , Dec. Seven days of a week: Mon. , Tue. , Wed. , Thu. , Fri. , Sat. , Sun. Students should also be told about how to write down time in short forms. Time can be presented in several ways: For example, 8 a. m. /08: 00 6: 35p. m. /18: 35 In order to know about whether students have understood them, teachers take some measures to test them. For example, teachers read the following time fast and ask them to write them down. Date: 1st January—1st/1 Jan Day: Sunday—Sun. Time: 9 in the morning—9 a. m. /09. 00 4 in the afternoon—4 p. m. /16. 00 Activity 3 Venue Let the students know what the word “venue” means. Sample answer: “Venue” refers to the place where events or activities take place. For example: assembly hall, meeting room, 3rd Floor, Park Hotel and so on. Activity 4 Event Ask the students to learn what event means. Sample answer: Events or activities are the most important part of a programme. For example, Event/activity: a speech on Chinese history/art festival. . . Activity 5 Listening
Ask the students to listen to the tape and finish the timetable. A famous scientist will come to our city and visit some high schools. Listen to his talk and complete his program below: (page 12)
Date Day Mon Time Venue Datong High School Activity or event Give a talk
Play the tape for the students to follow, and after the first listening, ask some students to tell the class what information they have got. Check the answers by listening once more. Complete the timetable. Sample answers:
Date 21st Oct. 22nd Oct. 23rd Oct. Day Mon Tue Wed Time 9: 30 a. m. 12: 45 p. m. 6: 00 p. m. Venue Datong High School Guanghu High School Xuangming High School Activity or event Give a talk Attend an important school assembly Go to the school concert
Activity 6 completing a timetable for a school programme Ask the students to read the instructions and timetable. In order to reduce the difficulty, ask the students to know about what they are going to listen to. Teachers may tell them the following: Next we will hear a talk given by the headmaster about a school program. First, read the guidelines and the timetable to get a general idea about the talk. Then ask the students to listen to the tape and complete the timetable on their own. Later, check their answers. Tape script: Headmaster: Next month we are going to have several talks. We have invited eight people with different jobs to give us talks on different subjects. Each class can choose up to five talks according to your class timetable. Monitors, you have to make sure you understand when and where each talk is to be given. You also have to be sure about the subjects and who the speakers are, and then report to your class teacher and classmates. First of all, we have a famous writer coming on Friday, the eighth of October. He is going to talk about how to read a novel. The talk will be held in Room Two-oh-one, Building Four, beginning at one twenty in the afternoon. At two fifteen on Monday afternoon, the eleventh of October, a fireman is going to talk about fire prevention, in Room Five-oh-three, Building Three. A student from the USA is going to talk about school life in the USA on Wednesday, the thirteenth of October. The talk will be held at three p. m. We have invited. . . Monitor 1: Excuse me, Mr Liu, where is the talk about school life in the USA going to be held? Headmaster: Oh, yes. It will be held in Room Four-oh-four, Building One. Monitor 1: Thank you. Headmaster: OK. On Tuesday, the nineteenth of October, we have invited a scientist to talk about outer space in Room One-oh-four, Building Two, at eight o’clock in the morning. Monitor 2: That will be interesting. Headmaster: I’m glad you like that idea. Now, let’s carry on. A doctor is going to talk about fighting AIDS at half past two in the afternoon on Thursday, the twenty-first of October, in Room Three-oh-six, Building Four. A newspaper reporter from Football Weekly is going to talk about famous football players, at one twenty p. m. on Friday, the twenty-second of October, in Room
Two-oh-four, Building Three. Monitor 3: Is it about football players in China? Headmaster: Not only that. It is about football players around the world. Monitor 3: Great! Headmaster: Now let’s go on. A policeman is going to talk about traffic signs at ten past ten on the morning of Wednesday, the twenty-seventh of October, in Room Four-oh-one, Building Two. Now the last talk. The subject is Australian Pop songs. It will be given by a famous singer at ten a. m. on Friday, the twenty-ninth of October, in Room Three-oh-three, building Four. Is everything clear? Monitors: Yes! Sample answers:
Date 8th Oct 11th Oct 13th Oct 19th Oct 21st Oct 22nd Oct 27th Oct 29th Oct Day Fri Mon Wed Tue Thu Fri Wed Fri Time 1: 20 p. m. 2: 15 p. m. 3 p. m. 8 a. m. 2: 30 p. m. 1: 20 p. m. 10: 10 a. m. 10 a. m. Venue Room Building 4 Room Building 3 Room Building 1 Room Building 2 Room Build ing 2 Room Building 3 Room Building 2 Room Building 4 201, 503, 404, 105, 306, 204, 401, 303, Subject How to read a novel Five prevention School life in the USA Outer space Fighting AIDS Famous Football Players Traffic signs Australian Songs Pop Speaker Famous writer Fireman USA student Scientist Doctor Newspaper reporter Policeman Famous singer
Activity 7 Completing a note sheet Ask the students to read the instructions on page 92 and listen to the tape to complete the exercises. Before listening, teachers should let the students scan it to know about the main idea about the listening material. Teachers may introduce it as follows: In the recent years, many countries have opened their doors to Chinese students, and therefore a great many students have decided to go abroad to study. In the past, overseas Chinese students used to study for a bachelor or a higher degree, but nowadays many senior school students who haven’t finished their study yet are choosing to go abroad, which means young teenagers are now joining in those marching their way towards a new world outside China. Keling is one of them. Now read the guideline on page 92. Then listen to the tape and complete the note sheet. Then ask the students to listen to the telephone conversation between Keling and her dad and complete the notes. →Step 5 Compare information Activity 1 Lead-in Here students are taught how to compare information before they make decisions. Teachers may start this part like this: In our daily life, we often have to make many choices. Then let students consider the following question: How can we make a good decision when there are several choices ahead of you?
Sample answer: We often make decisions by comparing information. Comparing information is necessary and important before making a right and appropriate decision. To make comparisons is to find out the similarities and differences between the two things. There are two main points you should note when making comparisons: Two important points: 1. Read all the information carefully. 2. Make as many comparisons as possible. ? Activity 2 Practice In order to make sure that the studen ts know how to make comparisons, teachers can give an example. To make comparisons, we should know what the purpose is, what to compare and how to compare. Ask the students to read the e-mail David Brown wrote to Yang Yan as fast as possible and find out what the main idea of the e-mail is. Sample answer: In his e-mail, David Brown asks Yang Yan to find out the ISBN of a history book, part of which he had read when he visited her, in her school library. He can’t remember the exact ISBN of the book but only some vague information of it. After that, ask the students to find out such vague information of the book and compare them. Then ask them to fill in the form after reading the email:
Title Author Year Price
Title Author Year Price with the word Dynasties a famous professor after 2000 having the figure 8
Answer: 7-8976-9374-8/K Activity 3 Writing The purpose of this step is to let students write a reply. Students have made a right decision by comparing the information. Now write back to David Brown for Yang Yan. When writing, please pay attention to the pattern of an e-mail. A sample e-mail: Dear David Brown, I am very glad to receive your e-mail. According to the information you provide about history book, I have found it out for you. I have found there are seven books in the library about Chinese history. But only four of them include “Dynasties” in the title. On the back covers of them, I saw their prices and there were three of them left. Then in accordance with author and year, I found it out finally. Its ISBN is 7-8976-9374-8/K. You can order a copy of it soon. Best wishes. Yang Yan Activity 4 Speaking Repor ting to your class teacher First, ask the st udents to read the guidelines in Part A, and point out what classes they can skip to attend the talks. Second, ask the students to compare the timetable with the one on page 13, so they can find the talks that they can attend. Later ask the students to make a dialogue with their
partner. One plays the role of class teacher, and the other as monitor. Sample answers: Talks that we can attend: 1 five prevention; 2 Outer space; 3 School life in the USA; 4 Fighting AIDS; 5 Australian Pop songs. Third, ask the students to read the guidelines in Part B on page 15 and work in pairs talking about the talks according to the programme timetable on page 13 and the notes in Part A. →Step 6 Writing a notice Activity 1 Lead-in Since students have understood how to make a choice by comparison and how to make a school activity program, it is time to lead in how to write a notice. Teachers can start it with the following question: When our school has some activities to tell all the students, which means do you think can be used? Activity 2 Understanding a notice To inform others, one of the ways is to put on notices. Then do you know what a notice is? How to write a notice? Now read the guidelines on page 16 and find out. 1. What is a notice? 2. What should be mentioned in a notice? Sample answers: 1. A notice is a piece of paper, which gives written or printed information before something is going to happen. It is usually put in a public place. 2. When you are writing a notice, you should make the following clear and attractive: time, dates, events, person that issues it, etc. Or: When? Where? Who? What? etc. Activity 3 Reading Read “READER NOTICE”. Try to underline the important information. The important information: Event: Time: Reason: When to reopen: The new opening hours: Public holidays: Person that gives the notice Sample answers: The important information: Event: library closed Time: 16th to 18th Nov. next Wed, Thu, and Fri. Reason: The sports meeting will be held. When to reopen: Sat. (19th. Nov) The new opening hours: Mon-Fri: 8 a. m. -6 p. m. Sat &Sun: 10 a. m. -5 p. m. Public holidays: closed
Person that gives the notice: Zhong Shengxiao Activity 4 Writing After the students know about the important information of a notice, which must be contained, it is time for teachers to ask students to make a notice by asking the following question: “What should we do to make a notice attractive? ” Give the students enough time to discuss the question, and then ask them to share their opinions with others. In the end, teachers can draw a conclusion. For example, the notice should be written in big and color letters, or use one or two beautiful pictures or photos, we can also make our notice attractive by using some interesting expressions. In the end, teachers ask the students to write a notice to inform your classmates of the school activities. At that time, teachers had better emphasize the following points while writing a notice: 1. Include all the important information. 2. Make sure it is clear and attractive. Teachers may start like this: In order to inform your classmates of the five talks you can attend next month. (refer to page 15), please write a notice to attract students to attend these activities. Begin with: I am happy to inform you that _________________________________. Sample: Notice Talks in October I am happy to inform you that in October we are going to attend five interesting talks. I think we will learn a lot of information. Read the following to get the detailed information about the five talks.
Date 8th Oct 11th Oct 13th Oct 19th Oct 21st Oct 22nd Oct 27th Oct 29th Oct Day Fri Mon Wed Tue Thu Fri Wed Fri Time 1: 20 p. m. 2: 15 p. m. 3 p. m. 8 a. m. 2: 30 p. m. 1: 20 p. m. 10: 10 a. m. 10 a. m. Venue Room Building 4 Room Building 3 Room Building 1 Room Building 2 Room Building 2 Room Building 3 Room Building 2 Room Building 4 Subject How to read a novel Five prevention School life in the USA Outer space Fighting AIDS Famous Football Players Traffic signs Australian Pop Songs Speaker Famous writer Fireman USA student Scientist Doctor Newspaper reporter Policeman Famous singer
201, 503, 404, 105, 306, 204, 401, 303,
→Step 7 Language points 1. inform sb. of/about sth. If you saw the accident, please inform the police. 如果你目击了事故，请报警。 I wasn’t informed of the decision until too late. 我很迟才得到了决定。 inform+that 从句
I informed him that I would not be able to attend. 我通知他我不能去了。 类似的用法还有: warn sb. of sth. rob sb. of sth. deprive sb. of sth. cheat sb. of sth. ?cure sb. of sth. ?remind sb. of sth. keep sb. well informed of/about. . . 使某人保持对……的消息灵通 a well-informed person 消息灵通人士 The headmistress informed us that the school would be closed for one day next week. 女校长告诉我们下星期学校将停一天课。 The sales manager asked his men to inform him of everything concerning the sales in time. 销售部经理让他手下的人把关于销售量的情况及时报告他。 . . . be informed of 听说; 接到……的通知 inform against/on/upon sb. 告发, 检举某人 2. regret 1)?v. ? 遗憾; 抱歉 I regret spending so much money on a car. 我后悔在一辆小汽车上花这么多钱。 I regret to say I cannot come. 很抱歉, 我不能来了。 2)?n. ? 悔恨; 痛惜 He told me with regret that he could not come to the party. 他很抱歉地对我说他不能来参加这个聚会了。 have no regrets 没有遗憾 3. word ?n. ? 1)词, 单词; 话, 言语 Not all women like the word Ms. 并非所有的女性都喜欢 Ms. 这个词。 Words failed me. 我激动得讲不出话来。 Tell me in your own words. 用你自己的话告诉我。 Can I have a word with you? 我能和你说几句话吗? 2)消息 No word has come from the battle front. 前线还没有消息传来。 3)承诺 I give you my word that I will return. 我向你保证我会回来的。 The boy kept his word. 那孩子信守诺言。 eat one’s words 承认说错了话 have words 吵嘴; 争论 in other words 换句话说
In other words, when the wind is blowing at 120 kilometers per hour, most waves will be about twelve meters. 换句话说, 当风速为每小时 120 千米时大部分波浪高约为 12 米。 4. cover 1)?vt. ?(常与 with 连用)盖; 覆盖 She covered the table with a cloth. 她用一块布把桌子罩起来。 2)?vt. ?占(时间或空间) The town covers 5 square miles. 小镇占地 5 平方英里。 3)?vt. ?行过(路程); 通过 I want to cover 100 miles by dark. 我想在天黑之前走完 100 英里。 4)?vt?. 报导; 对……进行新闻采访 cover a fire for a newspaper 为报纸采访失火的新闻 5)?vt. ?包括; 包含; 论及 The review covered everything we learned last term. 这次复习包括上学期我们所学的全部课程。 6)?n. ?遮盖物；盖子; 罩子(图书、杂志的)封面 The book had a blue cover. 这本书有一个蓝色的封面。 5. turn 1)?vt. ? 旋转, 转动 She turned left at the end of the road. 她在路的尽头向左拐。 Nobody can turn back the wheel of history. 任何人都无法使历史车轮倒转。 2)?vt. ? 使……变成 She turned her house into a shop. 她把房子改成了商店。 3)?n. ? 转变; 时机; 机会 at the turn of the century 世纪之交 You have missed your turn. 你错过了机会。 turn down 减弱, 降低, 压低(力量、声音等); 拒绝, 不接受 Please turn the television down a bit. 请把电视机音量关小点。 turn in 归还 turn on 打开(煤气、自来水、电灯等) turn out 生产; 出产; (常与 to, that 连用)结果 We are to turn out 100 000 586 computers next year to meet the market requirements. 我们计划明年生产十万台 586 计算机以满足市场需要。 Things turned out to be exactly as the professor had foreseen. 事情正如教授所预见的那样。
The plan turned out a failure. 这项计划结果归于失败。 turn to 向……求助; 求得安慰 turn up 找到; 发现; 出现; 来临; 露面; 把声音开大; 把力量加大; 发生(意想不到的事) take turns 轮流地, 交替地 in turn 依次地, 轮流地 6. The more choice you have, the better your final decisions will be. The+more, the+more 越……越…… The more angry he became, the more she laughed at him. 他越生气, 她就越笑他。 the more. . . , the less. . . 越……越不…… The more difficult the questions are, the less likely I am to be able to answer them. 问题越困难, 我就越不可能回答。 no more 也不; 都不 He can’t afford a new car, and no more can I. 他买不起新车, 我也买不起。 →Step 8 Summary and homework Today the students have learned three skills: reading a program, comparing information and writing a notice. They are very practical. So today’s homework is to ask the students to learn to write a notice about an activity program and make up a dialogue with their partners about how to ask for way or how to ask for help. Students can choose one of the following topics to write a notice. Design one: Read the following and write a notice. Multi-cultural holiday party Happy Holidays! At this time of year, why not plan a multi-cultural holiday party? Have children research the holiday customs of their family’s herit age country. Depending upon their ages, students may watch a video, read a book or article, research on the internet, or interview family members. Then. . . The day of the party, let them wear clothes, bring in food (labeled with name of the food and the country it represents), bring in music, and play games representing as many of the countries as possible. However you celebrate, have a festive, safe holiday! Or Write a notice based on the following information: 由于学校要举行运动会, 原定于 12 月 6 号举行的演讲比赛将被推迟到 12 月 8 号。 请你 代学校办公室写一个通知, 告诉同学们。 板书设计
Short forms: Jan. , Feb. , Mar. , Apr. , May, Jun. , Jul. , Aug. , Sep. , Oct. , Nov. , Dec.
Seven days of a week: Mon. , Tue. , Wed. , Thu. , Fri. , Sat. , Sun. making comparisons: 1. Read all the information carefully. 2. Make as many comparisons as possible. writing a notice: Include all the important information. Make sure it is clear and attractive.