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【2014届高三一轮复习英语精品资料 强化练习(新课标专用)Book 8 Unit 4

Unit 4


Ⅰ.单项填空 1.—Don’t________your friends’ trust or you will never win it back. —What you said is right. A.satisfy 答案 D 解析 句意为: ——不要辜负朋友对你的信任, 否则, 你永远也得不到他们的信

任。 —— 你说得对。betray 背叛,符合句意。satisfy 使满意;excite 使激动,使兴奋;witness 当 场见到,目击。 2.I made friends with Tom during his stay in Beijing,________he was studying Chinese in a university there. A.which 答案 C 解析 考查定语从句的关系词。引导一个非限制性定语从句,代替指时间的先行词 B.that C.when D.where B.excite C.witness D.betray

during his stay in Beijing,在从句中作时间状语,所以用 when,相当于 in which。句意 为:在汤姆逗留北京期间我们交上了朋友,那个时候他正在北京的一所大学学习中文。 3.The success of a government should be measured________the happiness of the people as well as the development of economy. A.in face of C.in terms of 答案 C 解析 考查介词短语辨析。in terms of 依据,按照。句意为:一个政府的成功,既需要 以人们的幸福也需要根据经济的发展来衡量。 4.The government________air quality in urban areas from levels one to five; excellent, fairly good, slightly polluted, poor and dangerous. A.classifies C.distributes 答案 A B.arranges D.divides B.in place of D.in honour of

解析 考查动词词义辨析。句意为:政府对城区的空气质量按 1 到 5 的等级进行分类: 优;良;轻微污染;差;危险。classify 分类;arrange 安排;distribute 散布;divide 划 分,分开。A 项符合题意。 5.________several times, but he still doesn’t know how to do it properly. A.Being shown C.Having been shown 答案 D 解析 后半句有个 but,前面应是一个完整的句子,而不是一个分词结构,由此可以看 出,只有 D 项符合要求,如果去掉句中的 but,应该选 C。 6.—Do you allow smoking in the office? —No.________smoking here will be fined. A.Whoever C.Who 答案 B 解析 空格后的 smoking 作定语,相当于 who smokes,所以只能用 anyone。分句句意 为:任何一个在这里吸烟的人都要被罚款。 7.—Why are you in such a hurry? —Don’t you remember that we________be home by 8 p.m.to see our favorite TV show? A.can 答案 C 解析 考查情态动词。must 在这里表示“必须”。句意为:——为什么这么匆忙啊? B.would C.must D.may B.Anyone D.Anyone who B.Having shown D.I’ve shown him

——不记得吗?我们必须得 8 点前到家,看我们喜爱的电视节目。 8.He is so kindhearted that he never________to help those in trouble. A.handled 答案 C 解析 考查动词词义辨析。句意为:他很善良,从来都毫不犹豫帮助那些处在困境中的 人。handle 处理;hurry 匆忙;determine 决定,都与语境不符。 9.I wanted to go to Greece,and my wife wanted to go to Spain,so we________on Italy. A.resigned C.promised B.compromised D.disguised B.hurried C.hesitated D.determined

答案 B 解析 考查动词词义辨析。resign 听任,顺从;compromise(为达成一致而)妥协,折中; promise 许诺;disguise 伪装。根据句意,B 为最佳答案。句意为:我想去希腊,可我妻 子想去西班牙,于是我们折中了一下,去意大利。 10.Mrs.Green wants to buy that kind of cloth because she________that the cloth________very well. A.has been told;washes C.has been told;is washed 答案 A 解析 she 与 tell 之间存在动宾关系,且根据语境可知,tell 这一动作已经发生,故第一 B.has told;washes D.is told;is washed

空用现在完成时的被动语态。wash 在此用主动形式表示被动意义。 11.The engineers are so busy that they have no time for outdoor sports activities,________they have the interest. A.wherever C.even if 答案 C 解析 考查状语从句。 句意为: 那些工程师如此忙以致于他们没有时间参加户外体育活 动,尽管他们很感兴趣。根据句意选择 C,even if“即使,尽管”,引导让步状语从句。 wherever 无论在哪;as if 好像,似乎;whenever 不论什么时候。 12.—Next week I will go to a job interview.Will you give me some suggestions? —Smiling is a great way to make yourself________. A.stand out C.work out 答案 A 解析 考查动词短语辨析。stand out 脱颖而出,突出。句意为:——下周我要参加工 B.turn out D.pick out B.as if D.whenever

作面试,能给点建议吗?——微笑是让你脱颖而出的最好的方法。 13.A warm thought came to me________I might help wash my mom’s feet on Thanksgiving Day. A.if 答案 D 解析 考查同位语从句。引导一个同位语从句,解释说明 thought 的具体内容,用 that。 B.when C.which D.that

14.—Professor Li is a learned man. —But it’s unwise for him to ________ his knowledge in front of the leaders. A.turn off C.put off 答案 D 解析 答语句意为:但是在领导面前炫耀他的知识是不明智的。show off 炫耀。 15.Don’t always think you yourself are________to the others;in fact,you are just an ordinary person. A.inferior C.sensitive 答案 B 解析 句意为: 不要总是认为你自己比别人优秀, 事实上, 你只是个普通人。 be superior to 比……优秀。 16.—Will you please explain this sentence to me? —________. A.No,thanks C.With pleasure 答案 C 解析 with pleasure 相当于 certainly,意为“当然可以;愿意效劳”。 B.It’s OK D.I’m glad to hear that B.superior D.sensible B.come off D.show off

17.The tradition has been passed ________ from one generation to the next. A.by 答案 C 解析 pass...down from...to...的被动形式。 18.Would you classify it________ a hard drug or a soft drug? A.into 答案 C 解析 classify...as...把……归类为……。 19.________,the more expensive the camera,the better its quality. A.General speaking C.Generally speaking 答案 C 解析 generally speaking 一般来说。 B.Speaking general D.Speaking generally B.by C.as D.apart B. away C.down D.on

20.—I have learned that it is not easy to get on well with the new boss. —________?I think that I only need to do my own job well. A.So what C.What if 答案 D 解析 答句句意为:怎么会呢?我认为我只需做好自己的工作。 Ⅱ.完形填空 We always convince ourselves that life will be better after we get married,have a baby and then another.Then we are not 1 that the kids aren’t old enough and we’ll be more content when they are.After that we’re not satisfied that we have teenagers to happy when they are out of that stage. We always tell ourselves that our life will be 3 when our spouse(配偶) gets his/her act 2 .We will certainly be B.What for D.How come

together,and when we get a nice car,and are able to 4 on a nice vacation when we retire.The truth is,there’s no better 5 with 6 than right now.If not now,when?Our life will always be filled .

.It’s best to admit this to ourselves and decide to be happy 7

One of my favorite quotes comes 8 seemed to me that 9 way, something to be

Alfred D’Souza.He said,“For a long time it had

was about to begin—real life.But there was always some obstacle in the 10 first, some unfinished business, time still to be served, a(n) 11 to to me that these obstacles were my life.”This 14

be paid.Then life would begin.At last it 12 every moment that you have.

perspective has helped me to see that there is no 13 to happiness.Happiness is the way.So

And remember that time waits for no one.So stop 15 until you finish school,until you go back to school; until you get 16 , until you get divorced; until you have kids; until you retire; until you 17 a new car;until spring;until you are born again to decide that there is no better ...

time than right now to be 18

Happiness is a journey,not a 19 .So,work like you don’t need money,love like you’ve never been 20 ,and dance like no one’s watching. 1.A.satisfied 答案 A 解析 然后我们又因为孩子们太小而不满意,幻想当他们长大些后,情况会好些吧。由 该句中的 content 可知选 A 项,satisfied 满意的。 2.A.learn from C.deal with 答案 C B.fight against D.come across B.sure C.determined D.lucky

解析 过了这个阶段之后, 我们又发愁如何对付处于青春期的孩子。 learn from 向…… 学习;fight against 与……作斗争;deal with 对付,对待;come across 偶遇。 3.A.common 答案 D 解析 我们总是对自己说, 当另一半能更有条理地做事, 当我们拥有一部漂亮的小汽车, 退休后可以去度假时,我们的人生就会很完美。common 普通的;correct 正确的; convenient 方便的;complete 完整的。 4.A.insist 答案 B 解析 参见上题解析。go on (a) vacation 度假。 5.A.time 答案 A 解析 事实上,再也没有比当下更好的时间了。time 时间;plan 计划;stage 阶段; period 时期。 此处并不强调是时间点还是时间段,故选用 time,泛指时间。 6.A.dreams 答案 D 解析 challenge 挑战。 7.A.meanwhile 答案 C 解析 最好承认这一点,无论如何都要开心起来。anyway 无论如何,即使这样。 8.A.with 答案 B 解析 我最喜欢 Alfred D’Souza 说过的一段话。come from 出自,来自。 9.A.life 答案 A 解析 有很长一段时间,我感觉生活就要开始了——真正的生活。从破折号后的“real life”可知答案。 10.A.walked through C.got through 答案 C 解析 但是前行总会有绊脚石, 必须先处理好这些障碍……get through “处理, 完成” , B.broken through D.gone through B.career C.work D.success B.from C.into D.to B.otherwise C.anyway D.nowhere 我们的人生将一直充满挑战。dream 梦想;struggle 挣扎;happiness 幸福; B.struggles C.happiness D.challenge B.plan C.stage D.period B.go C.keep D.move B.correct C.convenient D.complete

符合语境。walk through 走过;break through 冲破,突破;go through 检查,经历。 11.A.debt 答案 A 解析 pay a debt 还债。还有事情没有做完,还需要时间,还有债务需要偿还。 12.A.woke 答案 B 解析 后来我才觉悟到这些障碍就是我的人生。occur to 被想到。 13.A.obstacle 答案 D 解析 识到 没有通向幸福的路。幸福本身就是这条路。 14.A.respect 答案 C 解析 所以珍惜你所拥有的每个时刻。respect 尊重;control 控制;treasure 珍惜; possess 拥有。 15.A.waiting 答案 A 解析 联系上句“And remember that time waits for no one.”可知用 waiting。因 此,不要 等到你毕业之后,重返校园之后……才发现没有比现在更幸福的时光了。 16.A.single 答案 B 解析 从该空后面的 divorced 可知应用 married 。第一段中的“ ..after we get B.married C.lost D.confused B.remembering C.leaving D.thinking B.control C.treasure D.possess 从下句“Happiness is the way.”可知此处应用 way。怀着这样的想法,我认 B.problem C.doubt D.way B.occurred C.depended D.realized B.attention C.visit D.commitment

married...” 也是线索提示。 17.A.borrow 答案 C 解析 联系第二段中的 “...when we get a nice car...” 可知用 get。 borrow 借; demand 要 求;get 得到,买;rent 租。 18.A.happy 答案 A B.responsible C.patient D.mature B.demand C.get D.rent

解析 才发现没有比现在更美好的时光来感受幸福了。联系第二段最后一句中的 “...decide to be happy...”可知答案。 19.A.faith 答案 C 解析 幸福是一个旅途,而不是终点。faith 信念;feeling 感觉;destination 目的 地;limit 限度。 20.A.hugged 答案 D 解析 那么,你就要像不愁薪水那般去工作,像从来没有受过伤那样去爱,像无人观看 那样去跳舞。 Ⅲ.阅读理解 Cohousing is a quickly growing trend, showing up in both rural and urban areas.According to cohousing.org,cohousing is a type of cooperative housing in which residents actively take part in the design and operation of their own neighborhoods. Cohousing residents are consciously determined to live as a community.The physical design encourages both social contact and individual space.Private homes contain all the features(特点) of traditional homes, but residents also have access to large common facilities such as open space, courtyards,a playground and a common house. The cohousing idea first appeared in Denmark,and was further developed in the US by architects Kathryn McCamant and Charles Durrett in the early 1980s.The Danish concept of “living community” has spread quickly.Worldwide,there are now hundreds of cohousing communities in the world. In a cohousing community,you know who lives six houses down because you eat common meals with them and gratefully accept a ride from them when your car is in the shop.You begin to trust them enough to leave your 4yearold child with them.You listen to what they have to say, even if you don’t agree with them at first,and you sense that you,too,are being heard. Cohousing residents generally desire to “improve the world , one neighborhood at a time”.This desire to make a difference often becomes a goal,as the websites of many communities show.For example, at Sunward Cohousing near Ann Arbor, MI, the goal is to create a place “where lives are simplified,the earth is respected,diversity(多元化) is welcomed, children play together in safety,and living in community with neighbors comes naturally”.At Winslow Cohousing near Seattle,the goal is to have “a smallest effect on the earth and create a place in which all residents are equally valued as part of the community”. 1.Cohousing is designed mainly to . B.loved C.punished D.hurt B.feeling C.destination D.limit

A.let people live as a community B.help people learn housing design C.give people enough space to live in D.develop awareness of environmental protection 答案 A 解析 细节理解题。根据第二段第一句可知,cohousing 的居民致力于打造社区生活, 故答案选 A 项。 2.What can we learn about people in a cohousing community? A.They have to pay for child care. B.They are not familiar with each other. C.They go out in the same car. D.They trust each other. 答案 D 解析 推理判断题。根据第四段第二句可知,在 cohousing community,你可以把自己 四岁的孩子交给别人照顾。可见人与人之间互相信任。 3.We can infer from Paragraph 4 that in a cohousing community, A.everyone’s opinion is respected B.people often have different opinions C.you can interrupt anytime when others are speaking D.people always have the same opinion as each other 答案 A 解析 推理判断题。根据第四段最后一句可知,在 cohousing community,即使你不同 意别人的意见,也要用心倾听。由此说明大家的意见都得到尊重。 4.Which of the following is NOT true about Sunward Cohousing? A.It allows people to live a simple life. B.It requires people to protect the environment. C.It allows children to play in a safe environment. D.It may not welcome people with different religious beliefs. 答案 D 解析 正误判断题。根据最后一段第三句可知,Sunward Cohousing 的目标是创造一个 “生活被简化,地球受到尊重,多元化受到欢迎……”的社区,而 D 项与“多元化受 到欢迎”相矛盾,故答案选 D 项。 5.What is the passage mainly about? A.Why cohousing is popular. B.What cohousing is. .

C.The goal of cohousing. D.People in cohousing communities. 答案 B 解析 主旨大意题。综合全文可知,文章主要介绍了 cohousing 的含义和功能,故答案 选 B 项。

【2014届高三一轮复习英语精品资料 强化练习(新课标专用)Book 8 Unit 4
【2014届高三一轮复习英语精品资料 强化练习(新课标专用)Book 8 Unit 4_高中教育_教育专区。【2014届高三一轮复习英语精品资料 强化练习(新课标专用)Book 8 Unit...
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【2014届高三一轮复习英语精品资料 题库强化练习(新课标专用)Book 1 Unit 4 Word版含解析_高中教育_教育专区。【2014届高三一轮复习英语精品资料 题库强化练习(...