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高中英语常用介词短语和固定搭配


高中英语介词短语/动词短语汇编 一.相近介词和介词短语 1. With the help of 在~~帮助下 在~~

under the leadership / care of 领导/关心下 2. be strict with sb. be strict in sth.

对~人要求严格 对~事要求严格 目前

3.

at present=at the present time for the present 4. in the sun/sunshine under the sun 5. lie in lie on lie to 6. at least 暂时 在阳光下 在世界上

位于~~之内 同~~接壤 位于~~之外 至少
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in the least 7. by name in the name of 8. in the air on the air 9. in the way 法 in a way

丝毫,一点 名叫 以~~名义 空中,在流传 播出 挡路,障碍,用~~方

在某点上,在某种程度上 随心所欲

get one’s own way to do give way lose one’s way by the way on one’s way to Come this way 10. at the corner
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让步,屈服 迷路 顺便说一下 在去~~的路上 这边走 在拐角处(外角)

in the corner on the corner 11. judge by / from judge for oneself 12. at the end (of) at the beginning of at the back of at the age of at the foot of at the bottom of at the top of at/on the edge of 13. in the course of in the eyes of 在~~眼里

在角落里(内角) 在角落上(外角上) 根据~~来判断 由某人自己来判断 在~~结束时 在~~开始时 在~~背后,支持 ~~岁时 在~~脚下 在~~底部 在~~顶上 在~~边上 在~~过程中 从~~观点看来,

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in the face of 使 in the middle of

面对~~,尽管,纵

在~~中间 最后

in the end =at last=finally 14. on the eve of on the side of 在~~前夕 在~~一边

15. after a time = after some time 段时间后 for a time = for some time 一段时间 16. behind time behind the times 17. at no time in no time 迟到,过期 落在时代后面 决不 立即,马上 曾经

过一

一时,有

18. at one time = once time
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at a time = each time at times = sometimes at all times at the same time at the time by the time 19. for a moment for the moment at the moment

每次 有时

经常,一直,始终 同时 在~~的时候 到~~的时候 一会儿 暂时 当时 正

the moment /minute /instance 当~~一刹那 20. once or twice more than once once more once upon a time
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一两次 不止一次 重新,又 从前

once in a while

偶尔

二.归类记忆 1. be on show / display / play / sale / strike / duty / trial 2. be of value / importance / use / no use / color / age / size / height / weight / significance 3. to one’s joy / surprise / pleasure / astonishment / sorrow / delight 4. in surprise / wonder / alarm / terror / horror / delight 5. by air / bicycle / boat / bus / car / letter / post / plane / telephone / train / wire 6. at daybreak / sunrise / dawn / noon/ dark / night 7. out of breath / control / question / sight 8. in fact / reality / substance / nature / practice / theory / short / brief / a word / detail / all / average / full / time / fashion / existence / turn / vain
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/ haste / appearance / common / sum/ general / particular / public / secret / order / part / power / stock / case / bed / future / name / addition / sight 9. on duty / shift / holiday / leave / business / purpose / time / sale / show / board / hand / record / request / root / earth / farm / principle 10. for example / instance / all / good / nothing / convenience / short / fear / sale 11. by weight ( volume size number~~ ) / profession / definition / rule / turn / chance/ accident/ mistake / hand / train ( bus ,taxi ,ship ,boat ~~) / air / land / force / day / nature / sight 12. at most / least / best / worst / once / first / last / home / school / will ( at will: 任意) / work / night / midnight / daybreak / dawn / present / length / large
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13. as

above / below / following / over / usual / before / a matter of fact 14. above all / measure / normal 15. before all / long / time / now / then 16. after all / class / school 17. out of action / order / condition / use / operation / step / joint / repair/ gear / balance / range/ doubt / date / danger / hand / shape / place / question / stock / 18. with caution / interest / difficulty / ease / advantage / effect / reason / vigor / reserve / success / confidence 19. beyond comprehension / conception / description / expression / doubt / control / reach / power / measure / grasp / compare / controversy / dispute / hope / example 20. under age / discussion / test / way / repair 三.组合记忆
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(1)由两个词组成的复合介词. 1. 以 of 结尾 ahead of , aside of , because of , east of , west of , instead of , short of , lack of , regardless of 2. 以 to 结尾 according to , as to , counter to , due to , owing to , next to , previous to , prior to , apostle to , relative to , subject to , subsequent to , on to , thanks to 3. 以 with 结尾 along with , together with 4. 以 for 结尾 as for , but for , except for , save for 5. 以 from 结尾 from above , from below , from among , from between , from beneath , from behind , from over
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(2)由三个词组成的复合介词. 1. 以 in 开头 in addition to , in advance of , in agreement with , in case of , in charge of , in comparison with in consequence of , in consideration of , in (the) course of , in contrast with , in the face of , in favor of , in front of , in honor of , in (the) light of , in the middle of , in the name of , in need of , in obedience to , in opposition to , in place of , in preference to , in (the) process of in regard to , in reply to , in respect of 2. 以 by 开头 by means of , by order of , by reason of , by virtue of , by way of 3. 以 at 开头 at the beginning of , at the cost of , at the end of , at the hands of , at mercy of , at the point of ,
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at the risk of 4. 以 with 开头 with an eye to , with the exception of , with the purpose of , with reference to , with regard to, with respect to , with a view to , with the view of 5. 以 for 开头 for the benefit of , for fear of , for lack of , for the good of , for the sake of 6. 以 under 开头 under cover of , under pain of , under the present of 7. 以 on 开头 on account of , on behalf of , on the occasion of , on the part of , on the point of , on top of 四.省略介词,意义不变 1. I will share (in) the pleasure with him. 2. I spent two hours (in) reading the article.
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3. I’ll write (to) you a letter. 4. He plays (on) the piano every evening. 5. Smith has traveled (through) China. 6. They are fighting (against) their enemy. 7. Please fill (in) the blanks in the following. 8. The houses face (to/on) the south. 9. She scolded (at) her child yesterday. 10. It is (of) no use talking. 11. There is no use (in) talking. 12. We couldn’t prevent them (from) getting married. 13. He is busy (in) preparing for the exam. 14. I have studied English (for) ten years. 15. This shirt doesn’t fit (for) me. 16. I want a place to live (in) . 17. You ought to break (off) this habit. 18. She always share (in) my troubles as well as (in ) my jobs.

五.动词词组及短语 1. 以 break 为中心的词组
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break away from 脱离,逃离 break down 破坏,粉碎;瓦解;出故障, 抛锚 break in 闯进,打断;使顺服 break into 闯入;强行进入;突然开始 break out 爆发,发生;准备使用;起锚 break the law 违反法律 break the record 破记录 break one’s promise 失言 break up 开垦,破碎;解散,分开,分解 2. 以 catch 为中心的词组 be caught doing 被发现做某事 be caught in the rain 淋雨 catch a bus/train 赶汽车/火车 catch a cold 伤风,感冒
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catch one’s word 听懂某人的话 catch sight of 发现,瞥见 catch up with 赶上,追及,追上 3. 以 come 为中心的词组 come across 偶尔发现,想起;越过;偿付 come along 一道来,陪伴;进步,进展; 出现 come at 达到,求得,得到;扑向,袭击 come back 回来;恢复,复原 come down 倒下;降落;跌落;病倒 come from 来自,起源于,从~~产生,生 于 come in 进来,进入;流行起来;获名次 come into being 发生,产生,出现,形成 come into power 开始执政,当权,当选
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come into use 开始使用,获得应用 come on 上演;开始;赶快;发展;登 台;(问题)被提出 come out 出来,传出;出版;结果是;褪 色;(秘密)泄露 come to 苏醒,复原;共计;达到;归结 于 come to an end 终止,结束 come to know 开始了解到 come true 实现,成为现实;证实 come up 走近;上楼;长出,发芽 4. 以 do 为中心的词组 be done in 精疲力竭 be done with 完全结束 do a good deed 做一件好事
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do away with 去掉,废除;弄死;浪费 do good to (=do sb. good) 有益于 do harm to (=do sb. good) 有害于 do its work 有效,有作用 do much 极有用 do wrong to 做错 do one’s best 尽某人最大努力 do one’s homework 做作业 do one’s utmost 尽力而为 do proud 足以使~~骄傲 do sb. justice 公平对待某人 do some cleaning (V+ing,etc.) 搞卫生 do sb. a favor 帮助某人 do well in 学得不错,干得漂亮 do with 和~~相处,忍受,处理
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do without 不需要,不用 do wonders 创造奇迹 have much to do with 和~~很有关系 have nothing to do with 与~~无关 have something to do with 和~~有关 in doing so=in so doing 这时,在这种情况 下 That will do. 行了;够了 5. 以 get 为中心的词组 get about 徘徊,走动,旅行;流传 get above oneself 自视高傲 get accustomed to 习惯于,对~~习以为常 get across 度过,通过,横过;说服,使理 解 get ahead of 胜过,超过
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get along 前进,进步;同意;离去 get along with 与~~相处 get at 发现,了解;掌握;攻击 get away 离开,逃脱 get back 取回,回来;报复 get behind 落后;识破 get down 咽下;写下;使沮丧,使抑郁 get down to 认真对待,静下心来 get familiar with 熟悉 get hold of 获得,取得 get home 到家 get in 进入,陷入;牵涉 get off 送走;脱下(衣服);下车;动身 get on 上车;穿上;进步,使前进;成 功;相处
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get upon with 进步;在~~方面获得成功 get one’s hand in 熟悉;习惯 get out of 由~~出来,从~~得出;避免;退 休 get over 越过;恢复,痊愈;克服;完成 get ready for 为~~作准备 get rid of 除去,去掉;免除,摆脱 get through 到达,完成,通过;及格 get together 积聚,积累;商谈,取得一致 意见 get up 起床,起立;研究,钻研;致力 于;安排,组织 get used to 习惯于 have got to do 不得不,必须 6. 以 give 为中心的词组
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be given to 沉溺于,癖好 give about 分配;传播 give and take 相互迁就 give away 赠送;牺牲;泄露;颁发 give back 归还 give cause 给予~~的理由 give ear to 侧耳倾听 give forth 发出,放出;发表 give in 屈服,让步,投降 give in to 同意,接受;向~~让步 give off 发出(烟,气味) give oneself out to be/as 自称为 give oneself up to 专心于;向~~自首 give out 分发,公布 give place to 让位于,被~~所替代
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give rise to 引起,导致;使~~发生 give sb. to understand 通知某人 give up 放弃;停止 give way to 让步,退却;屈服于 7. 以 look 为中心的词组 look about 四下环顾;查看 look after 照顾,看管 look around 东张西望 look at 注视,着眼于 look back 回顾 look for 寻找;期待,期望 look down on 俯视;轻视 look forward to 盼望,期待 look into 窥视;调查;浏览 look like 看起来象
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look on 旁观;面向 look out 向外看;注意;当心,堤防 look over 从上面看过去;检查 look through 透过~~看去;看穿;浏览 look up to 仰望,尊敬 8. 以 make 为中心的词组 be made from 由~~原料制成 be made of 由~~材料制成 be made up of 由~~组成 make a fool of 愚弄,欺骗 make a mistake 弄错 make a point of doing 强调;认为~~重要; 决心,坚持 make advantages/use of 使用,利用 make after 追求,追赶
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make believe 假装 make certain 确信,把~~弄清楚 make contact with 接通,与~~接触,与~~ 联系 make for 去向,向~~前进;有利于 make friends with 和~~交友 make into 把~~制成,使~~转变为 make much of 重视;理解;赏识 make one’s mind on sth. 决定某事 make one’s own 当作自己的看待 make oneself at home 随便,别拘束 make out 填写;开支票;理解;辨认 make the best of 尽量利用;极为重视 make up 弥补,修理;赔偿,补偿;起 草;编造;化装
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make up to 接近,巴结;向~~求爱 make way for 为~~让路,让路于 on the make 急求成功;增加 9. 以 put 为中心的词组 put aside 把~~放在一边;搁置;排除 put away 把~~放好,把~~收拾;储藏;吃 喝,吃掉 put back 把~~放回原处;驳回 put down 减;降落 put forward 提出;拨快;建议,推荐;提 倡,倡议 put ~~ into 把~~放入;插入;翻译成 put off 推迟,延期;消除;推脱,推辞 put on 上演;穿上,带上
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放下;镇压;制止;记下;削

put one’s heart into 全神贯注,专心致志 put up 举起,挂起;提名,推荐;陈列 put up with 忍受,容忍 10. 以 take 为中心的词组 be taken aback take a seat take a shower take aim take away 吃惊

就坐 淋浴,洗澡

瞄准,设立目标 拿走,减去;夺去 出奇制胜

take ~~ by surprise take care of

当心,注意;照顾;提防;

谨慎;处理,对付;负责 take ~~ for take off 把~~当作 脱去,除去;离开;起飞;模

仿;起程;致死;复制,作副本;减弱
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take office

就职,上任 就坐,入坐 量体温

take one’s place

take one’s temperature take part in

参与,参加 发生,举行 代替 以~~为荣,对~~骄傲

take place = happen take the place of take pride in

take sb. by the arm 拉某人的胳膊 take it easy 别着急,慢慢来

11. 以 turn 为中心的词组 give a new turn to 对~~予以新的看法 in one’s turn 轮到某人做某事 out of turn 不按次序的,不合适宜的 take one’s turn to do 轮到做 turn a blind eye to 对~~视而不见
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turn against 背叛,采取敌对态度 turn back 折回,往回走 turn down 折叠,翻下,驳回,拒绝考虑 turn into 走进;变成,变为 turn to ~~for help 求助于 turn off 关上(自来水,电器开关);解

雇,辞退;避开(问题);制造;生产 turn on 打开(自来水,电器开关);反

对;依靠,依赖,取决于 turn one’s attention to 把注意力转向 turn out 是 turn out to be 原来是,证明是,结果是 turn over a new leaf 开始,改过自新
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培养;证明是;制成;实际情况

翻开新的一页,重新

turn (a)round

旋转,转过身来;改变意

见;采取新政策 turn to 变成;着手于 turn upside down 颠倒过来,翻过来;使 陷入混乱

一.不同的动词,后面加上相同的小品 词。 1, 动词+away 构成的短语有: throw away carry away put away 扔掉 运走 把。。。收好 潜逃,跑开

run away

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give go

away 捐赠,分发 away 走开

2, 动词+for 构成的短语有: answer for 负责 provide for 供养 call for 要求 plan for 打算,为。。计划 hope for 希望,期待 ask for 索取,寻找 send for 派人去请 for 努力获取 pay for 偿还,赔偿 wait for 等待 look for 寻找 3, 动词+on 构成的短语有:
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go

try on 试穿,试验 put on 穿上,上演 have on 穿着,戴着 pull on 穿,戴 hold on 不挂断,坚持,继续 carry on 继续开展,坚持 keep on 继续 go on 继续

get on 上车 come on 赶快 4, 动词+over 构成的短语有: come over 过来 hand over 移交 go over 仔细检查,复习 get over 克服,恢复
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look over 检查 think over 仔细考虑 take over 接受,接管 hand over 移交 turn over 翻转 5, 动词+up 构成的短语有; bring up 抚养,培养 call up 召唤,打电话给 come up 走进,上来 cut up 切碎 fix up 修理

give up 放弃 go up 上升,增长

grow up 长大

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look up 尊敬,向上看,查寻 make up 虚构,弥补,组成 put up 举起,搭建 pick up 捡起,搭载,得到 set up 建立,创纪录 send up 发射 show up 揭露,露面 turn up 出现,把。调高一点 take up 占据,开始从事 6, 动词+out 构成的短语有: come out 出来 out 出去,熄灭 look out 留神,当心 walk out 走出 go

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set out 出发,开始 out 扑灭。生产 give out 发出,发表 hand out 分发 pick out 挑选 find out 找出,发现 speak out 大声地说 turn out 生产,打扫 get out 出去,离开 work out 计算出,解决,实行 行得通 bring out 出版 carry out 实现,执行 Start out 出发,动身

put

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二.同一个动词后面加上不同的小品词 (介词或副词) 1,break+介词或副词的短语有: break down 击败,摧毁,发生故障,身 体垮掉 break out 爆发

break through 突破,突围 break off 中断,突然停止 break up 打碎,分解,驱散 break in 闯入 break into 破门而入 break away 突然离开,逃脱,脱离 2,bring+介词的短语有: bring about 使发生 bring back 拿回来,使恢复

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bring down 打到,降低 bring in 引进 bring out 出版,生产 bring up 培养,养育 bring over 把。。带来 3,come+介词或副词的短语有: come in 进来 come from 来自于。。 come about 产生 come over 过来 come out 出现,出来 come by 从旁边经过 come up 上来,走进 come across 偶遇

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come along 发生,进步 come after 跟着。。来 come back 回来 come around 绕道而来 come down 下来 come on 快点,赶快 4,cut+介词的短语有: cut in 插嘴,插入 cut into 切入 cut across 抄近路 cut back 减少 cut off 切断 cut up 切碎 cut away 砍掉 cut down 砍到,削减
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cut out 剪取,剪掉 cut through 通过,穿过 5,call+介词或副词的短语有: call after 以。。的名字来命名 call for 要求 call back 教会,召回,回忆 call up 使人想起,打电话 call on 号召,拜访某人 call in(at)在某地稍作逗留,邀请 call off 取消 6, get+介词或副词的短语有: get about 传播 get

through 到达,做完,通过,度过,打电 话 get in 进入,陷入

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get on 上车,进展,相处融洽 get off 下车,下来 get out 出去,离开 get over 克服 get across 通过,被理解 get along 与。。相处融洽 get away 离开,脱身 7, give+介词或副词的短语有: give up 放弃 give in 屈服,投降 give away 赠送,捐赠,泄露,错过 give over 移交,交出 give off 放出,发出,排出 give out 分发,散发,放出 give back 归还
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8, go+介词或副词的短语有: go ahead 着手,开始做 go along 进展,前进 go around 流传,传播 go away 离去,走开 go beyond 超过 go by 过去,流逝 go down 下降 go up 上升 go for 喜欢

go off 离开,停止 go on 继续,发生 go over 复习 go through 经历,穿过 9, look+介词或副词的短语有:
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look after 照顾,照料 look away 把。。收拾好,积蓄 look around 环顾 look at 看 look down 朝下看 look for 寻找 look into 调查 look out 当心 look over 检查 look through 浏览,检查 look up 向上看,查阅 10, turn+介词的短语有:

turn about/round 向后转,回头,转身 turn against 反对某人

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turn away 转过脸去,拒绝 turn back 往回走 turn back 往回走 turn down 调低,关小,拒绝 turn in 上交,上缴 turn into 变成 turn off 关掉 turn on 打开 turn out 熄灭,生产 turn over 翻过来 turn to 求助于,转向 turn up 调高,到达,出现 11, put+介词的短语有:

put aside 把。。放在一起,积蓄 put away 把。。收好,积蓄
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put back 把。。放回原处 put down 放下,镇压 put forward 提出,建议 put in 放进 put off 推迟,拖延 put on 穿上,戴上,增加,上演 put out 生产出,出版 put up 举起 12, be/get/become+过去分词、形容

词、介词短语有: be dressed in 穿着 be fond of 爱好,喜爱 be lost in 沉溺于 be located in 位于

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be addicted in 沉溺于 be used to 习惯于 be curious about 对。。好奇 be engaged in 忙于。。 be glad to 乐意。。。 be convinced of 确信,认识到 be aware of 知道 be worried about 担心 13, 动词+副词+介词的短语有:

add up to 合计得 break away from 从。。脱离开 come up with 找到,提出 catch up with 赶上 get down to 开始认真地做某事 go in for 参加,追求
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keep away from 远离 keep up with 跟上 date back to 追溯到 put up with 忍受,容忍 run out of 用完 watch out for 当心 look down upon 瞧不起 go ahead with 开始,着手 go along with 一起去,同意 hole on to 坚持 三,有关 take 的短语: take after 长相或举止像 take

apart 撤开,撤散,把。。彻底打败, 对。。苛刻

44

take as 看做,认为 take away 拿走,使停学,使离开 使消 失,减去 take back 收回,回忆,送回 take down 拿下,取下,记下,推到,撤 毁 take in 接待,欺骗,理解,包含 take off 脱下,起飞,成就,成名 take on 开始雇佣,呈现,露出,承担 take out 带某人去,取得,褪色 take over 接受,接任,接管 take to 喜欢,染上,休息 take up 从事,产生兴趣,选修,占用 take for/to be 当做,以为是

45

take a chance 碰运气,冒风险 take a deep 深吸一口气 take a hand in 干预 take a risk 冒风险 take a seat 坐下 take an interest in 对。。感兴趣 take steps/measures to do sth 采取措 施做某事 take aim at 瞄准 take action on 采取行动 take by surprise 使。。惊奇 take care 当心 take care of 照顾,处理,对付,当心 take charge of 负责,接管 take cold 感冒,伤风

46

take control of 控制住,管住 take delight 以。。为乐 ake effect 开始作用,生效 take for granted 认为是。。理所当然 take for example 以。。为例 take hold of 抓住,吸引住 take it easy 慢慢来 take it or leave it 要不要都行 take note of 把。。记下来 take notice of 注意,理会 take notes 记笔记 take into office 就职,上任 ake one,s breath away 令人惊异 take one`s chance 碰运气

47

take one`s time 慢慢来 take pains 费尽力气 take trouble 下功夫 take part in 参加 take pity on/upon 可怜 take place 发生,举行 ake pride in 感到骄傲,自豪 take one`s place 代替某人 take the opportunity 利用机会 take turns 轮流做某事 take sides 支持,偏袒 I take it(that) 我想,我认为

48

高中英语固定搭配
a number of 若干 above all 首先,尤其 be absorbed in 专心于 by accident 偶然 account for 说明 on account of 因为,由于 take…into account 考虑 be accustomed to 习惯于 add up to 合计,总计 in addition 另外

49

in addition to 除……之外 in advance 提前,预先 take advantage of 利用 ahead of 在……前面,先于 in the air 在流行中,在传播中 after all 终于,毕竟,虽然这样 all but 几乎,差一点,除……之外其余都 all over 遍及,到处 at all 完全,根本 in all 总共,共计 make allowances for 考虑,顾及,体谅 in alliance with 与……联盟
50

leave…alone 听其自然,不要去管 let alone 更不用说 along with 与……一起 one after another 一个接一个 one another 互相 apart from 除去 as for 至于,就……方面说 as if 好象,仿佛 as though 好象,仿佛 as to 至于,关于 as well 也,一样
51

aside from 除……以外 ask for 请求,要求 pay attention to 注意 on the average 平均,一般说来 right away 立即,马上 bake and forth 来回,往返,来来往往 bake off 放,让步,退却 bake up 支持,援助 on the basis of 根据,在……的基础上 because of 由于,因为 on behalf of 代表,为了 at the best 充其量,至多
52

do/try one‘s best 尽力,努力 get the best of 胜过 make the best of 充分利用,妥善处理 for the better 好转,改善 get the better of 打败,智胜 had better 最好还是,应该 on board 在(船、车、飞机等)上 be bound to 必定,一定 break away 脱离,逃跑 break down 损坏,分解,瓦解 break in 强行进入,闯入,打断
53

break into 闯入 break off 断绝,结束 break out 突发,爆发 break through 突破 break up 终止,结束,打碎 catch one‘s breath 屏息 out of breath 喘不过气来,上气不接下气 in brief 简儿言之 bring about 带来,造成 bring down 打倒,挫伤 bring forth 产生,提出 bring forward 提出
54

bring out 使出现,公布 bring to 使恢复知觉 bring up 教育,培养,使成长 build up 积累,树立,逐步建立 in bulk 散装,大批 burn out 烧掉 burn up 烧完,烧尽 call for 邀请,要求,需要 call forth 唤起,引起 call off 放弃,取消 call on/upon 访问,拜访
55

call up 召集,动员 care for 照顾,关心 take care 小心,当心 take care of 照顾,照料,负责 carry off 夺去 carry on 继续下去,坚持下去 carry out 贯彻,执行,实现 in any case 无论如何,总之 in case 假如,万一 in no case 决不 catch on 理解,明白 catch up with 追上,赶上
56

by charge 偶然,碰巧 take a chance 冒险一试 in charge of 负责,主管 take charge of 担任,负责 check in 办理登记手续 check out 结账后离开 check upon 校对,检查 cheer up 使高兴,使振奋,高兴起来 in chorus 一齐,一致,共同 clear away 打扫,收拾 clear up 整理,收拾,清除,澄清
57

around/round the clock 昼夜不停的 come off 实现,成功,奏效 come on 请,来吧,发展 come out 出版,出现,显露,结局是 come round/around 来访,苏醒 come through 经历,脱险 come to 总计,达到 come true 实现,达到 come up 走进,发生 come up to 达到,符合 come up with 提出,提供 in common 共同。共有
58

keep company with 与……交往,与……结伴 compare…to/with 把……比做 by comparison 比较起来 as far as…be concerned 就……而言 be concerned with 关心 in conclusion 最后,总之 on the condition that 在……条件下 in connection with/to 关于 in consequence 因此,结果 in consequence of 由于……的缘故 on the contrary 反之,正相反
59

in contrast to 与……相反 out of control 失去控制 under control 被控制住 at all costs 不惜任何代价,无论如何 at the cost of 以……代价 count on 依靠,指望 count up 把……相加 in the course of 在……过程中,在……期间 of course 当然 cover up 掩饰,掩盖 cross out 删去,取消 on cue 恰好在这个时候
60

take one‘s cue from 学……的样子,听……的劝告 cut across 走捷径,抄近路 cut bake 削减,降低 cut down ,削减,减少 cut in 插嘴,打断 cut out 删除 cut short 突然停止 in danger 在危险中 out of danger 脱离危险 out of date 过期 to date 到目前为止
61

up to date 时新的 a great deal of 大量的,许多的 in debt 欠债,欠情 take delight in 以……为乐 derive from 导出,由……来 in detail 详细的 die down 渐渐消失,平息 die off 相继死去 die out 消失,灭绝 be on a diet 节食 make a difference 有影响 in the distance 在远处
62

do away with 废除,去掉 have nothing to do with 和……毫无关系 have something to do with 和……有关系 no doubt 无疑,必定 draw up 画出,草拟 dress up 顺便来访 drop off 减弱,减少 drop out 退出,离开 due to 由于,因为 off duty 下班 on duty 值班,上班
63

dwell on 凝思,详述 each other 互相 on earth 究竟,到底;在世界上 bring into effect 使生效 put into effect 实行, 生效 come into effect 生效,实施 in effect 有效,实际上 take effect 生效,起作用 in the end 最后,终于 in essence 大体上,本质上 at all events 无论如何 in any event 无论如何
64

in the event of 万一,如果发生 for ever 永远 for example 例如 with the exception of 除……之外 in excess of 超过 catch one‘s eye 引人注目 keep an eye on 留意,照看 face to face 面对面地 face up to 大胆面对 in the face of 面对 make a face 做鬼脸
65

in face 实际上 as a matter of face 实际上 fail to 未能 fall behind 落后 fall back on 求助于,转而依靠 fall in with 符合,与……一致 so far 迄经为止 in favor of 有利于,赞成,支持 feed in 输入 be fed up with 感到厌烦 feel like 欲,想要 a few 有些,几个
66

quite a few 有相当数目的 fill in/out 填充,填写 find out 查明 catch fire 着火 set fire to 点燃 on fire 烧着 at first 最初,首先 first of all 首先 as follows 如下 make a fool of 玩弄,愚弄 on foot 步行
67

in force 有效,实施中 and so forth 等等 set free 释放 make friends 交朋友 be friends with 对……友好 to and fro 来来回回 in front of 在什么前面 make fun of 取消,嘲弄 in the future 今后,将来 in general 通常,大体上 get along with 进展,相处融洽 get away 逃脱,离开
68

get down to 开始,着手 get in 进入,收获,收集 get into 进入,陷入 get off 离开,动身,开始 get out of 逃避,改掉 get over 克服 get the better of 占上风,胜过 get through 结束,完成 get together 集合,聚集 get up 起床,增加 give away 泄露,分送
69

give back 送还,恢复 give in 投降,屈服 give off 放出,释放 give out 分发,放出 give up 停止,放弃 give way to 给……让路,被……替代 go after 追求 go ahead 开始,前进 go along with 陪同前往,随行 go by 过去 go for 支持,拥护 go into 进入,研究,调查
70

go off 爆炸;发射;动身,离开 go on 继续,发生 go over 检查,复习,重温 go through 经历,经受,详细检查 go with 伴随,与……协调 as good as 和……几乎一样,实际上等于 for good 永久的 good for 有效,适用 take …for granted 想当然,认为理所当然 on guard 警惕,防范 in half 一半
71

at hand 在附近,即将到来 hand down 流传下来,传给 hand in 交上,递交 hand in hand 手拉着手,联合 hand on 传下来,依次传递 hand out 分发,散发 hand over 交出,移交 in hand 在控制中 on the other hand 另一方面 hand about 闲荡,徘徊 hand on 继续下去,等一下 hand up 挂断()
72

happen to 碰巧,偶然 hardly any 几乎没有,几乎什么也不 hardly …when 刚一……就 in haste 急忙的,草率的 have on 穿着,戴着 head for 驶向,走向 lose one‘s head 不知所措 at heart 实质上 learn by heart 记住,背诵 heart and soul 全心全意 lose heart 丧失勇气,失去信心
73

can‘t help 禁不住,不得不 help oneself 自取所需 get hold of 抓住,掌握 hold back 踌躇,退缩,阻止,抑制 hold on 继续,紧握不放 hold on to 紧紧抓住,坚持 hold up 举起,承载,阻挡 at home 在家,在国内,自在自如 home and aboard 国内外 in honor of 为纪念,向……表示敬意 on one‘s honor 以名誉担保 how about 如何,怎样
74

hundreds of 数以百计,许多 hunger for 渴望 hunger up 赶快,迅速完成 in a hurry 急忙的,急于 if only 要是……多好 improve on 改进 for instance 例如 instead of 代替,而不是 at intervals 不时,时时 by oneself 独自,单身 in itself 本身
75

keep back 阻止,阻挡,隐瞒 keep down 控制,压制,镇压,压低 keep from 使……不做 keep off 不接近,避开 keep on 继续,保持 keep out of 躲开,置身之外 keep to 坚持,保持 keep up 保持,维持,坚持 keep up with 跟上 knock down 撞倒,击倒 knock out 击倒,击昏 known as 被认为是,被称为
76

at large 一般,大体上 at last 最终,终于 lay aside 把……搁置一边 lay down 放下,制定 lay off 解雇 lay out 安排,布置,陈列,展示 at least 至于,最低限度 in the least 一点,丝毫 leave behind 留下,忘了带 leave out 遗漏,略去 at leisure 从容的,有空
77

at length 最后;详细地 no less than 不少于,不亚于,和……一样 let down 放下,降低;使失望 let go 放开,松手 let in 让……进去,放……近来 let off 放(炮,烟火);开枪;免除 let out 放掉,发出 lie in 在于 cast light on/upon 使明白,阐明 in the light of 按照,依据 in line 成一直线,排成一行 in line with 和……成直线,与……一致
78

line up 排队,使排成一行 a little 一点,也许 little by little 逐渐地 quite a little 相当多,不少 live on/by 靠……生活 live through 度过,经受过 live up to 做到,不辜负 as long as /so long as 只要,如果 before long 不久以后 for long 长久的 no longer 不再
79

look after 照管,照料 look at 看望,注视 look back 回顾,回头看 look down on 看不起,轻视 look for 寻找,寻求 look forward to 盼望,期待 look into 调查,观察 look on 旁观,观看 look out 留神,注意,警惕 look over 检查,察看,调查 look through 仔细察看,浏览,温习 look up to 尊敬,敬仰
80

at a loss 困惑,不知所措 at lot of 大量的,很多的 lost of 大量,很多 fall in love with 相爱,爱上 be made up of 由……构成,由……组成 make for 走向,驶向;有利于 make up 构成,组成 make up for 补偿,弥补 a great/good many 许多,大量 many a 许多的 a matter of 关于……的问题
81

no matter how/what/when 无论怎样 by all means 无论如何,必定 by means of 借助于 by no means 决不 in memory of at the mercy of 在……支配下 keep in mind 记住 have in mind 记住;考虑到 make up one‘s mind 下决心 never mind 不要紧,没关系 by mistake 错误的 mix up 混合,混淆
82

at the moment 现在,此刻 for a moment 片刻,一会儿 fur the moment 现在,暂时 in a moment 立刻,马上 more and more 越来越 more or less 或多或少,几乎 no more 不再 no more than 不过,仅仅 at most 最多,至多 make the most of 充分利用 by nature 天生,就其本性而言
83

in nature 本质上 neither …nor 既不……也不 nothing but 只有,仅仅 every now and then 有时,时时,偶尔 just now 刚才,一会儿 just that 既然,由于 on occasion 有时,不时 at odds with 与……不一致,差异,争执 off and on 断断续续,不时地 and so on 等等 all at once 突然 at once 立刻,马上
84

once for all 一劳永逸 once more 再一次,又一次 once another 相互 come/go into operation 开始运转 put/bring into operation 使生效,使运转 in order 秩序井然,整齐 in order to 为了 in order that 以便 out of order 发生故障,混乱 put in order 修理,检修 every other 每隔一个
85

other than 除了 over and over 一再,再三 owing to 由于 on one‘s own 独自的,独立的 keep pace with 跟上,与……同步 take pains 尽力,煞费苦心 play a role 起作用 take part in 参加 in particular 特别的,尤其 pass away 去世,逝世 pass off 终止,停止 pass out 失去知觉,昏倒
86

in the past 在过去 pay back 偿还,回报 pay off 使……得益,有报偿 pay up 全部付清 pick out 选出,挑出 pick up 拣起;搭人;获得 in place 在适当的位置 in place of 代替 in the first place 起初,首先 in the last place 最后 take place 发生
87

take the place of 代替 play with 以……为消遣,玩弄 come to the point 说到要点 on the point of 即将……的时候 point out 指出 to the point 切中要害,切题 bring/put…into practice 实施,实行 in practice 在实践中,实际上 out of practice 久不练习,荒疏 at present 目前,现在 for the present 目前,暂时 prey on 捕食;杀害;折磨
88

make progress 进步,进展 in proportion to 成比例 in public 公开的,当众 pull down 拆毁,拉倒;降低 pull off 脱衣帽等 pull out 拔出,取出 put away 放好,收好,储存 put down 记下,放下;镇压,平定 put forward 提出 put off 推迟,推延 put on 穿上,戴上;增加(体重)
89

put out 熄灭,消灭 put up 举起,升起;建造,搭起;张贴 put up with 容忍,忍受 in question 正在考虑 at random 随机的,任意的 at any rate 无论如何 would rather…than 宁愿 rather than 而不是 by reason of 由于 refer to 参考,查阅;提到;把……提交 as regards 关于,至于 with regard to 对于,就……而论
90

in relation to 关于 as a result 结果,因此 in return 作为回报,作为报答 get rid of 摆脱,除去 ring off 挂断 give rise to 引起,使发生,造成 all round 周围,处处 as a rule 通常,照例 run for 竞选 run into 撞上,偶然碰见 run out of 用完,用尽,耗尽
91

run over 浏览,复习 in the long run 从长远来看 for the sake of 看在……的份上 on sale all the same 仍然,照样地 the same as 与……一致,与……相同 on a large scale 大规模的 on a small scale 小规模的 ahead of schedule 提前 behind schedule 晚点 on schedule 按预定时间 in secret 秘密的,私下的
92

see through 看穿,识破 in a sense 从某种意义上说 make sense 有意义,言之有理 in sequence 依次,逐一 a series of 一系列,一连串 serve as 作为,用作 set about 开始,着手 set aside 挑出,留出 set back 推迟,延缓;阻碍 set down 卸下,放下;记下 set forth 阐明,陈述
93

set off 出发,动身;引起,使发生 set out 陈列,显示;动身,起程;制定 set up 创立,建立,树立 settle down 定居,过安定的生活 run short 用完,耗尽 for short 简称,缩写 in short 简而言之,总之 show in 领入 show off 炫耀,卖弄 show up 使呈现;出席,到场 sick of 厌烦 side by side 肩并肩,一个挨一个
94

at first sight 乍一看,初看起来 in sight 被见到 catch sight of 发现,突然发现 out of sight 看不见,在视野之外 ever since 从那时起,自那时以来 sit for 参加 sit in on 列席;旁听 ever so 非常,极其 or so 大约,左右 so…as to 结果是,如此……以至于 so far 迄今为止
95

so that 以便,为的是,结果是 so …that 如此……以致 as soon as 一……就 no sooner …than 一……就 sooner or latter 迟早,早晚 speed up 加速 in spite of 不管,尽管 on the spot 当场,在现场 at stake 在危险中 stand by 站在一边,袖手旁观 stand for 代表,意味着 stand out 突出,显眼
96

stand up 站起来 stand up for 为……辩护,维护 sand up to 勇敢面对,坚持抵抗,经得起 in step 同步,合拍 step by step 逐步 step up 提高;加快;加紧 out of step 步调不一致,不协调 step in 插入,介入 stick out 伸出,突然;坚持到底 stick to 坚持,忠于,信守 in stock 备有
97

in succession 连续地 such as 诸如,例如 such…that 如此……以至 all of a sudden 突然 in sum 总而言之 sum up 总结,概括 make sure 查明,确信,确定 take …as 把……作为 take after 与……相象 take apart 拆卸 take away 消除,消耗 take down 记下,写下
98

take…for 把……认为是,把……看成是 take in 接受,吸收;了解;理解;欺骗 take off 脱下;起飞 take on 呈现;承担;从事 take over 接管,接办 take to 喜欢,亲近 tall back 回嘴,顶嘴 talk into 说服 in tears 流着泪,含泪 lose one‘s temper 发怒,发脾气 in terms of 依据,按照;用……措词
99

thanks to 由于,幸亏 and then 而且,其次,然后 for one thing 首先,一则 think of 想起,想到 think of…as 把……看做是,以为……是 think over 仔细考虑 as though 好象 thousands of 许多,无数 all the time 一直,始终 at a time 每次,一次 at no time 从不,决不 at one time 曾经,从前曾
100

at times 有时 for the time being 目前,暂时 from time to time 有时,不时 in no time 立即,马上 in time 及时,适时 on time 准时 once upon a time 从前 take one‘s time 不急不忙,从容进行 by the same token 由于同样的原因,同样地 keep in touch 保持联系 out of touch 失去联系
101

touch on 关系到,涉及 keep track 注意动向 lose track 失去联系 in truth 实际上,的确 try out 试验 try on 试穿 by turns 轮流 in turn 依次,轮流 turn down 关小,低调;拒绝 turn in 交出 turn into 变成 turn off 关掉,断开
102

turn on 接通,打开 turn out 结果是 turn over 翻过来;转移;转交 turn to 求助于,借助于 turn up 出现 take turns 轮流 up to 直到;胜任;适于 make use of 利用 put into use 使用,利用 use up 用完 as usual 像往常一样。照例
103

a variety of 种种,各种 on the verge of 接近于,濒于 by virtue of 由于 by the way 顺便提一下 by way of 经由,通过……方式 give way 让路,让步 in a way 从某点上看,在某种程度上 in no way 决不 in one‘s way /in the way 妨碍,阻碍 make one‘s way 前进,行进 make way 开路,让路 what if 如果……将会怎样
104

whether…or 是……还是 for a while 暂时,一时 once in a while 偶尔,有时 after a while 过了一会,不久 on the whole 总的来说 wipe out 擦去,除去,消灭 in a word 总而言之 in other words 换句话说,也就是说 keep one‘s word 守信用 word for word 逐字地 at work 在工作,忙于
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out of work 失业 work out 决;算出;制定出 work up 引起;逐渐上升 in the word 到底,究竟 at worst 在最坏的情况下 write off 报废;勾销,注销 go wrong 发生故障,出毛病 as yet 到目前为止;到那时为止

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