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高中英语必修五单元一、二


第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分) 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、 、 C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话 后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话 仅读一遍。 1 what will the two speakers buy next? A A j

acket B A handbag C A watch

2 What is the eather like now? A Hot B Cool C Cold

3 What do the two speakers hope to do? A Stop cigarette production B Advise people not to smoke. C Stop young people from smoking. 4 What’s the most probable relationship between the two speakers? A Mother and son. C Waitress and customer. 5. Where does the man’s brother probably work now? A At the post office . C In a publishing house. 第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分) 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C B. In a language school B Hostess and guest.

三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前, 你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。 听第六段材料,回答第6和第7两个小题。 6. What color is the coat that the woman chooses? A Red B Grey C Black.

7 Howmuch will the woman pay? A 100 dollars B 90 dollars C 80 dollars

听第七段材料,回答第8 至9 题。 8 Why is the man unhappy? A Midicine is tooo difficult for him. B His parents won/t support his dream. C He doesn’t know what he really loves. 9 What does the woman really want to be? A A writer. B An engineer. C A singer.

听第八段材料,回答第10 至12 题。 10. What are the two speakers going to do? A Visit Mark together C Do the shopping. 11 What time is it probably now? A.5:50 B 6:00 C.6:30 B Eat in a restaurant

12 What feature will probably help the man recognize the woman?

A She wears glasses. B. She is wearing a grey dress. C She has long black hair. 听第九段材料,回答第13至16 题。 13. When will the part be held? A On Friday. B On Saturday. C On Sunday.

14. where will the party be held? A In Newcastle. B In Hill Peak. C At Central Park.

15. How will the woman probably go there? A By car. B By subway. C By bus.

16 What gift will the woman probably get Jenny? A An ice cream cake. B Some flowers. C Ateddy bear.

听第十段材料,回答第17至20 题。 17 What does the sperker think of chemistry? A Boring B Useful C Difficult.

18 How may young scientists attended the meeting? A 677 B 625 C 624

19 What is Laura doing in Germany? A She is working in a lab. B She is attending college. C She is teaching in a college. 20. Who is interested in insects?

A Jon

B Laura

C Ben

第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 80 分) 第一节:单项填空(共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 21. As we all know, a poper amount of exercise ________ to good health. A controls. B offers. C provides. D contributes. 22. They _____a new plan which will be discussed at the meeting to be held tomorrow. A put down B put up C put forward D put out 23.Only in this way ________such cases happening again and again A we can prevent B can we prevent C have we prevented D we prevented 24 Today, we enjoy the ________of various kinds of vehicles including ships, planes and trains, which allow us to go wherever we like. A possibility Bconvenience C sightseeing D administration 25.Lily doesn’t work in the same school as me, but we ________at the same college for four years A study B studied C were studying D had been studying 26. __________ from their parents for half a year, the students couldn’t wait to go back home. A Separating B To be separated C Having separated D Having been separated 27 The apartment we’ve recently rented _________ six rooms in all, the largest of which serves as the sitting room. A consists of B is consisted of C was consisted of D consisted of 28 The engineer wasn’t in good health then, but to his ______, he didn ’t ask for a single day’s leave for this reason A shame B surprise C credit D disappointment. 29 The teacher should create a good language environment for students, where they can hear English ________ as much as possible. A speak B speaking C to speak D spoken. 30. I made rapid progress, ________ greatly increased my confidence. A that B which C what D where. 31 I couldn’t make sense of the passage. You must have _____ some important information while copying it. A. given out B let out C left out D picked out 32 ----There was ____fighting between the government and the rebels in that country. -----How did you find ____fighting. A a; a B a; the C the; the D the; a 33----Can you tell me something about London? -----________ I didn’t hear the last word clearly.

A Why? B That’s Ok C Pardon? D My pleasure 34 ----What’s the matter with her? -----She got her fingers ____ in the door. A catching B to catch C catch D caught. 35 The girl was dressed in her best clothes. She wanted to make herself _________ at the party. A noticed B noticing C notice D to be noticed 第二节.完形填空(20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A.B.C 和 D) 中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Many people who work in London prefer to live outside it, and to go to their offices, factories or schools every day by train, car or bus, even though this __36__they have to get up earlier in the morning and arrive __37__later in the evening. One benefit(好处) of living outside London is __38__houses are __39__. Even a small flat in London __40__ a garden costs quite a lot money. With the same money, one can get a little house in the country with a garden of __41__own. Then, in the country one can be __42__from the noise and hurry of the town. __43__one has to get up earlier and spend more time in trains or buses, one can sleep__44__at night, and, during weekends and __45__summer evenings, one can enjoy the __46__ clean air in the country. If one __47__ gardens, one can spend one’s __48__ time digging, planting, watering and doing a hundred and one other jobs which are needed in the garden. Then, when the flowers and vegetables __49__, one has the reward(报偿) of a person who has shared the secrets of __50__. Some people, however, take __51__in the country things. For them, __52__lies in the town, with its cinemas and theatres, beautiful shops and busy streets, dance—halls and restaurants, such people would __53__ that their life was not worth __54__ if they had to live outside London. A walk in one of the parks and a visit __55__ the sea every summer are all the country they want. 36 A shows B expresses C means D requires 37 A home B family C flat D house 38 A those B that C the D all 39 A cleaner B nicer C bigger D cheaper 40 A with B without C for D in 41 A it’s B its C one’s D their 42 A free B far C out D quiet

43 A If B Although C Because D After 44 A worse B less C longer D better 45 A on B for C at Din 46 A cold B warm C fresh D pleasant 47 A pleases B likes C wants D interests 48 A other B rest C spare D whole 49 A come on B come to C come up D come over 50 A mankind B society C science D nature 51 A no interest B an interest C much interest D little interest 52 A health B happiness C wealth D future 53 A know B feel C understand D hope 54 A taking B having C living D spending 55 A in B to C around D at. 第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题,每题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中, 选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑 A He runs from explosions, drives over waterfalls and jumps from tall buildings. That might sound like Superman, but stuntman(特技演员) Vince Deadrick Jr. is very much human. As a stuntman in movies and television shows, Deadrick admits he’s no stranger to getting hurt. He has suffered broken bones, bled, gotten knocked out and nearly fallen to his death, but he considers himself lucky to be alive after some of the stunts he has performed.He has suffered broken bones, bled, gotten knocked out and nearly fallen to his death, but he considers himself lucky to be alive after some of the stunts he has performed. Deadrick has been a stunt coordinator(协调员) for the Nickelodeon channel for 12 years. He has worked with famous actors, directors and producers, and he has travelled all over the world.but that doesn’t mean his work is easy. It took him years of hard work to get where he is today. Deadrick’s father, Vince Deadrick Sr, was also a stuntman, but his family connection didn’t give Deadrick a free pass into the movie business. He learned from his dad how to set up cardboard boxes and fall pads for high falls, and he started training on his own once he decided to follow in his father ’s footsteps. As a stunt coordinator, Deadrick takes danger seriously. When he hires a new stunt performer, he looks for a professional. “You’re only as good as the people you hire,” he says. A stuntman needs to know his own abilities and limitations so he won’t shy away from doing his best but also won’t be such a daredevil(铤而走险的人) that he could hurt himself or others.

When the actors and stuntmen are going to do something dangerous, they needs to know they’re trusting the right person. With over 40 years in the business, Deadrick is an expert at making stunts both realistic and safe. Though he has a large amount of responsibility, Deadrick loves his job. “I’m in a position where I have to make decisions on risk factors, keeping the actors and stuntmen safe while still making it look impressive. I love my business, and I love the excitement.” 56. It can be inferred from paragraph 2 that Deadrick is _____. A careless B optimistic C unfortunate D generous 57. When hiring stuntmen, Deadrick ___. A can’t be too careful B prefers the fearless ones C likes those with no limitations D puts experience above all else 58. What does Deadrick think of his job? A. Hard and boring. B Easy and attractive. C. Skilled but relaxing. D. Challenging but exciting. B It is difficult for doctors to help a person with a damaged brain. Without enough blood, the brain lives for only three to five minutes. More often the doctors can’t fix the damage. Sometimes they are afraid to try something to help because it is dangerous to work on the brain. The doctors might male the person worse if he operates on the brain. Dr.Robert White, a famous professor and doctor, thinks he knows a way to help. He thinks doctors should make the brain very cold. If it is very cold, the brain can live without blood for 30 minutes. This gives the doctor a longer time to do something for the brain. Dr.White tried his idea on 13monkeys. First he taught them to do different jobs, then he operated on them. He made the monkeys’ blood go through a machine. The machine cooled the blood. Then the machine sent the blood back to the monkeys’ brains. When the brain’s temperature was 10℃, Dr.White stopped the blood to the brain. After 30 minutes he turned the blood back on. He warmed the blood again. After their operations, the monkeys were like what they had been before. They wre healthy and busy. Each one could still do the jobs the doctor had taught them. 59. The biggest difficulty in operating on the damaged brain is that____. A the time is too short for doctors. B the patients are often too nervous. C the damage is extremely hard to six

D the blood cooling machine might break down. 60. The brain operation was made possible mainly by _____. A taking the blood out of the brain B trying the operation on monkeys first C having the blood go through a machine D lowering the brain’s temperature 61. With Dr. White’s new idea, the operation on the damaged brain___. A can last as long as 30 minutes B can keep the patient’s brain healthy C can keep the brain’s blood warm D can heop monkeys do different jobs 62. What is the right order of the steps in the operation? a. send the cooled blood back to the brain b stop the blood to the brain c have the blood cooled down d operate on the brain. A a, b, c, d B. c, a, b, d C c, b, d, a D. b, c, d, a 63 Which of the following is NOT true? A If there isn’t enough blood, the brain can live for only three to five minutes B If the brain is very cold, it can live without blood for half an hour. C Dr.White tried his idea for thirteen times. D After their operations, the monkey were healthy and busy again. C A new study warns that about thirty percent of the world’s people may not have enough water by the year 2025. A private American organization called Population Action International did the new study. It says more than three-hundred-thirty-five-million people lack enough water now, and the people live in twenty-eight countries. Most of the countries are in Africa or the Middle East. The researcher of Population Action International Robert Engelman says by the year 2025, about three thousand million people may lack water. At least 18 more countries are expected to have severe water problems. The demand for water keeps increasing. Yet the amount of water on earth stays the same. Mr. Engelman says the population in the countries that lack water is growing faster than in other parts of the world. He says population growth in these countries will continue to increase. The report says lack of water in the future may result in several problems. It may increase health problems….Lack of water often means

drinking water is not safe. Mr. Engelman says there are problems all over the world because of diseases, such as cholera, which are carried in water. Lack of water may also result in more international conflicts. Countries may have to compete for water in the future. Some countries now get sixty percent of their fresh water from other countries. This is true of Egypt, the Netherlands, Cambodia, Syria, Sudan, and Iraq. And the report says lack of water would affect the ability of developing to improve their economies. This is because new industries often need a large amount of water when they are beginning. The Population Action International study gives several solutions to the water problem. One way, it says, is to find ways to use water for more than one purpose. Another way is to teach people to be careful not to waste water. A third way is to use less water of agriculture. The report also says long-term solutions to the water problem must include control on population growth. It says countries cannot provide clean water unless they slow population growth by limiting the number of children people have. 64. From the first four paragraphs, we can learns__________. A the fact of the global lack of water B the importance of water resource C the seriousness of water shortage. D the study of the global lack of water 65. Which of the following problems is NOT true according to the passage? A. It may bring about health problems. B. It may bring about international conflicts. C. It may bring about the development of the economy. D. It may bring about difficulties to new industries 66. Which of the following is the way to solve the water problem in the long run? A. To use water in a variety of ways. B. To become aware of the water problem. C. To reduce the use of agricultural water. D. To limit the rising birth rate of the earth. 67. Which of the following shows the structure of the passage? A. 1 2 3 ---4 5---6 7 B. 1 2 3 4 ---5---6 7 C. 1 2 3 4---5 6---7 D. 1 2 3---4---5---6 7 D It’s the day before Thanksgiving Day and Emily is in the mall, stressed about(急着) finding a perfect gift for her best friend, Sam. They set aside a day every holiday season to exchange presents. But this year,

Emil, who’s 16, can’t find anything that he thinks Sam would like in the stores. Lots of people feel stressed about buying and giving gifts during holidays. Many teens are starting to think that holidays are getting too materialistic and that they’re all about the gifts but not the feelings behind them. Emily decides to fight this feeling by making her own present for Sam. She creates a coupon(礼券) book filled with different favors she can do for her friends---a free haircut, a free car wash, and a weekend movie. But she’s still worried; with so much shopping and spending going on around her, her gift might not make grade as a present. Why do people give gifts in the first place? Throughout the world, many cultures mark their special holidays with gifts and food. Holiday traditions bring us together and allow us to feel a part of families and community. The gifts and food that we share are all about expressing a sense of gratitude, joy and abundance(富裕). The gifts of a few generations ago were probably plain, even homemade. And even those people who could afford expensive presents probably didn’t do as much buying and spending as we do today. Our culture has grown more commercial, and gift giving has become a prosperous(兴旺的) industry. Sometimes the original meaning beind the traditions gets lost, and the gift giving takes on a life of its own. 68. On which side can teens find the holiday materialistic? A. They find the gifts too expensive to buy. B. It is not easy for them to find right gifts for friends. C The holidays mean too many gifts around them. D. They have lost the feelings behind the holidays. 69. Why is Emily worried about the grade of her gift? A. Because her gift is made plainly by herself. B. Because she lacks the experience of making a gift. C. Because her gift can be found in common stores. D. Because she fights against the materialistic fashion. 70. From the third paragraph, we can infer that in the past_________. A. people lacked enough gifts and food. B. people cared for feelings more than gifts C. people put gifts in the first place on holidays. 71. What does the passage mainly tell us? A. Emily’s experience in buying a gift. B. How to buy a suitable gift for our friends. C. The traditions of gift giving. D. Gift giving becomes too materialistic. E Do you want to live with a strong sense of peacefulness, happiness,

goodness, and self-respect? The collection of happiness actions broadly categorized as “honor” helps you create this life of good feelings. Here’s an example to show how honorable actions create happiness. Say a store clerk fails to charge us for an item. If we keep silent, and profit from the clerk’s mistake, we would drive home with a sense of sneaky excitement. Later we might tell our family or friends about our good fortune. On the other hand, if we tell the clerk about the uncharged item, the clerk would be grateful and thank us for our honesty. We would leave the store with a quiet sense of honor that we might never share with another soul. Then, what is it to do with our sense of happiness? In the first case, where we don’t tell the clerk, a couple of things would happen. Deep down inside we would lose some peace of mind and self-respect. We would also demonstrate that we cannot be trusted, since we advertise our dishonor by telling our family and friends. We damage our own reputations by telling others. In contrast, bring the error to the clerk’s attention causes different things to happen. Immediately the clerk knows us to be honorable. Upon leaving the store, we feel honorable and our self-respect is increased. Whenever we take an honorable action we will gain the deep internal rewards of goodness and a sense of nobility. There is a beautiful positive cycle that is created by living a life of honorable actions. Honorable thoughts lead to honorable actions. Honorable actions lead us to a happier existence. And it’s easy to think and act honorably again when we’re happy. While the positive cycle can be difficult to start, once it’s started, it’s easy to continue. Keeping on doing good deeds brings us peace of mind, which is important for our happiness. 72. According to the passage, the positive action in the example contributes to our________. A. self-respect B. financial rewards C. advertising ability D. friendly relationship 73. The author thinks that keeping silent about the uncharged item is equal to _________. A lying B stealing C cheating D advertising 74. The phrase “bring the error to the clerk’s attention”(in Para.5) means____. A. telling the truth to the clerk B offering advice to the clerk C asking the clerk to be more attentive D reminding the clerk of the charged item 75. How will we feel if we let the clerk know her mistake? A. We’ll be very excited. B. We’ll feel unfortunate.

C. We’ll have a sense of honor. D. We’ll feel sorry for the clerk. 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节短文填词(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) Today is National Handwriting Day! Although we don’t write like we used to, here are some ways handwriting is still 76 h_____. One of the most effective ways to study is to rewrite your notes by hand. That’s 77 b_____ putting ink to paper makes the brain active. Many famous authors 78______(更喜欢) writing by hand to the use of a typewriter or computer. Susan Sontag once said she penned her first drafts(草稿) before typing 79_____up for editing later. A 2009 study 80 s________ that elementary school students who wrote essays with a pen not only wrote more than their keyboard-tapping friends, but they also wrote faster and in more complete 81____(句子) The computer in front of you can take your attention 82 a______. Of course, the Internet isn’t all bad. However, when it’s time 83_______ work on that essay, have only a pen and paper in front of you. Writing is good for your brain. According 84______ The Wall Street Journal, some physicians say that the act of writing is good exercise for those 85______ want to keep their minds sharp as they age. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假如你是李华, 你的英国网友 Mary 想来参观你的家乡---贵州, 来信询问一些相关的情况。请根据所给提示, 用英文写一封回信。 内容主要包括: 1. 贵州气候宜人,交通便利,矿产资源丰富; 2. 著名的黄果树瀑布(位于安顺市西南部,距离贵阳市 150 公 里)水流湍急,清澈凉爽;草海自然保护区四面环山,栖息 100 多种奇珍水鸟。 注意: 1 信的格式,开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数; 2 可适当发挥,使文章内容充实、连贯。 3 词数 120 左右。 参考词汇:黄果树瀑布 Huangguoshu Waterfall; 草海自然保护 区 Caohai Nature Reserve; 水鸟 water birds Dear Mary, I’m glad to hear that you’d like to visit my hometown---Guizhou.________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ Yours, Li Hua


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