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2014年高考英语总复习专项专练:定语从句(人教版,含2013模拟解析)


课时作业 51
高考真题

语法专练十一

定语从句

1.(2012·安徽高考)A lot of language learning,________ has been discovered, is happening in the first year of life, so parents should

talk much to their children during that period. A.as C.which B.it D.this

解析: 和 which 都可以引导非限制性定语从句, as 代表整个主句或者主句的 部分内容。as 意为“正如,正像” ,位置比较灵活,位于主句的前面、中间或者 主句的后面都可以;which 意为“这件事” ,一般位于主句的后面。句意:正如 被发现的一样, 大量的语言学习发生在生命的头一年,因此在那个阶段父母应该 多和孩子交流。由句意可知,A 项符合题意。 答案:A 2.(2012·北京高考)When deeply absorbed in work, ________ he often was, he would forget all about eating or sleeping. A.that C.where B.which D.when

解析:which 引导非限制性定语从句,且在从句中作表语,代替整个主句的 内容。句意: “通常情况下,当他沉浸在工作中时,他会忘了吃饭和睡觉。 ” 答案:B 3.(2012·福建高考)The air quality in the city, ________ is shown in the report, has improved over the past two months. A.that C.as B.it D.what

解析:由空前的“, ”可知该定语从句不能用 that 引导;it 和 what 不能引导 定语从句; 只有 as 可以引导非限制性定语从句, 此处的 as 代替的是 “The air quality in the city has improved over the past two months.” 。 答案:C

4.(2012·湖南高考)Care of the soul is a gradual process ________ even the small details of life should be considered. A.what C.which B.in what D.in which

解析:句意:关爱心灵是一个逐渐的过程,在此过程中我们应当考虑到生活 中一些小的细节。先行词为 process,在定语从句中作状语,故用“介词+关系 代词(in which)”来引导定语从句。 答案:D 5.(2012·江苏高考)After the flooding, people were suffering in that area, ________ urgently needed clean water,medicine and shelter to survive. A.which C.where B.who D.what

解析:根据句意判断,需要纯净水、药品和帐篷的是“人” ,所以该定语从 句修饰的先行词是 people,故选用 who 引导该定语从句并在从句中作主语。 答案:B 6.(2012·江西高考)By 16:30, ________ was almost closing time,nearly all the paintings had been sold. A.which C.what B.when D.that

解析: 分析句子结构可知, nearly all the paintings had been sold 是主句, which 引导的非限制性定语从句修饰前面的时间,which 在从句中作主语。 答案:A 7.(2012·山东高考)Maria has written two novels, both of ________ have been made into television series. A.them C.which B.that D.what

解析:先行词为 two novels,所以介词之后需要选用关系代词 which。句意: 玛利亚写了两本小说,都拍摄成了电视连续剧。故选 C 项。 答案:C 8.(2012·陕西高考)It is the third time that she has won the race, ________ has

surprised us all. A.that C. B.where which D.what

解析:which 引导非限制性定语从句,代指前面整个句子的内容。句意:这 是她第三次在比赛中获胜,这使得我们都很吃惊。 答案:C 9. (2012· 四川高考)In our class there are 46 students, ______ half wear glasses. A.in whom C.of whom B.in them D.of them

解析:句意:我们班共有 46 名学生,其中一半的学生戴眼镜。先行词是 students, “一半的学生”应表达为 half of the students,在介词之后关系代词应为 whom。故 C 项正确。 答案:C 10.(2012·天津高考)I wish to thank Professor Smith, without ________ help I would never have got this far. A.who C.whom B.whose D.which

解析:句意:我想感谢史密斯教授,没有他的帮助,我不可能取得这么大的 成就。whose 引导的定语从句修饰 Professor Smith,whose 在从句中作定语修饰 help。 答案:B 11.(2012·浙江高考)We live in an age ________ more information is available with greater ease than ever before. A.why C.to whom B.when D.on which

解析:句意:我们生活在一个比以往更容易获得信息的时代。when 引导的 定语从句修饰 an age。 答案:B 12.(2012·浙江高考)Ellen was a painter of birds and of nature, ________,for some reason,had withdrawn from all human society.

A.which C.where

B.who D.whom

解析:分析句子结构可知,从句缺少的是主语,排除 C 项和 D 项;根据句 意可知,定语从句修饰的是 a painter,所以用 who 来引导。 答案:B 13.(2012·重庆高考)Sales director is a position ________ communication ability is just as important as sales skills. A.which C.when B.that D.where

解析: “________communication ability is just as important as sales skills”在句 中作定语, 修饰先行词 a position, 先行词在定语从句中作状语, 相当于 in which, 故 where 符合题意。 句意: 销售总监是一个交际能力和销售技巧同等重要的职位。 故选 D 项。 答案:D 14.(2012·全国Ⅱ)That evening,________ I will tell you more about later, I ended up working very late. A.that C.what B.which D.when

解析:由空前的“, ”可知该定语从句不能用 that 来引导,排除 A 项;what 不能引导定语从句,排除 C 项,从句中的 about 缺少宾语,因此排除不能作宾语 的 when,而 which 可以在从句中作宾语且可以引导非限制性定语从句,故选 B 项。 答案:B 15.(2011·福建高考)It was April 29,2011 ________Prince William and Kate Middleton walked into the palace hall of the wedding ceremony. A.that C.since B.when D.before

解析:该从句的先行词是 April 29,2011,其后的从句中不缺少主语、宾语或 表语,故排除 A 项,如把本题看作考查强调句型时,需在 April 29 前加上介词 on;since 作“自从”讲时,其主句应用现在完成时态;当 before 引导的时间状

语从句的时态为一般过去时态,其主句的时态多为过去完成时态。句意:2011 年 4 月 29 日,威廉王子和凯特〃米德尔顿步入举办婚姻仪式的宫殿大厅。 答案:B 16.(2011·课标全国)The prize will go to the writer ________ story shows the most imagination. A.that C.whose B.which D.what

解析: 该题 writer 后面为定语从句, 先行词 the writer 与定语从句的主语 story 之间为所属关系,因此用关系代词 whose 引导定语从句。句意:奖项将颁给故事 最有想象力的作家。 答案:C 17. (2011· 山东高考)The old town has narrow streets and small houses________ are built close to each other. A.they C.what B.where D.that

解析: 句意: 这座古镇拥有窄巷小舍, 它们彼此紧邻。 先行词为 small houses, 定语从句中缺少主语,故用关系代词 that。they 是代词不能引导从句,where 是 关系副词,在从句中充当地点状语。what 引导名词性从句不引导定语从句。 答案:D 18.(2011·浙江高考)English is a language shared by several diverse cultures, each of ________uses it somewhat differently. A.which C.them B.what D.those

解析:句意:英语是不同文化所共用的语言,只是每种文化在使用程度上是 不同的。 介词之后的关系代词要根据先行词确定, 本句的先行词为 several diverse cultures,选用 which,故选 A 项。如选 C 项,则应在 each 前加 and。 答案:A 19.(2011·福建高考)She has a gift for creating an atmosphere for her students________ allows them to communicate freely with each other. A.which B.where

C.what

D.who

解析:which 引导定语从句时,在从句中作主语或宾语;where 引导定语从 句时,在从句中作状语,what 不能引导定语从句,其前不能有先行词;who 引 导定语从句时,其先行词应是表示人的单词。由于空后的从句缺少主语,所以排 除 B 项, 可以考虑 A 项; 由句子中的先行词 an atmosphere 可以排除 C 项和 D 项。 句意:她有为学生创造氛围的天赋,这种氛围使得学生们彼此能够自由地交流。 答案:A 20. (2011· 陕西高考)I walked up to the top of the hill with my friends, ________ we enjoyed a splendid view of the lake. A.which C.who B.where D.that

解析:句意:我和我的朋友们走到山顶,在那里我们观赏到了湖的美景。逗 号后面的从句结构完整,不缺少主语和宾语,因此只能从状语的角度考虑;在四 个选项中,只有 where 能在定语从句中作地点状语,where 引导的定语从句修饰 的先行词 the top of the hill。 答案:B 模拟精选 1.(2013·河北迁西一中月考)I can think of many cases ________ the media have a strong effect on young men. A.why C.as B.which D.where

解析:先行词为 cases,定语从句中主谓宾俱全,缺状语,故用 where 引导。 答案:D 2. (2013· 安徽名校联考)Is it fair that someone can download for free in seconds something ________ took a team of people months of hard work to create? A.what C./ B.which D.that

解析: 先行词为不定代词, 定语从句中缺主语, 故用 that 引导, 且不可省略。 答案:D

3.(2013·安徽名校联考)The career, ________ she devoted herself so much, finally took off as she liked. A.which C.of which B.from which D.to which

解析:devote oneself to sth.献身于某事,故定语从句用 to which 引导。 答案:D 4. (2013· 山东实验中学诊断)Foreign ministers of the two countries hold regular meetings, ________ they can exchange views on international issues of both concern. A.what C.which B.where D.why

解析:先行词为 meetings,定语从句中主谓宾俱全,缺状语,故用 where 引 导。 答案:B 5.(2013·江西名校联考)Mo Yan, most of ________ works are set in his hometown, won the Nobel Price for literature last month. A.which C.whose B.whom D.his

解析:先行词为人,定语从句中缺定语,故用 whose 引导。 答案:C 6.(2013·福建四地六校联考)—Where did you first meet your boyfriend? —It was in the department store________he worked. A.which C.where B.that D.what

解析:句意:——你在哪里第一次见到你的男朋友的? ——在他工作的百货大楼。此处用 where 来引导定语从句,它在从句中作地 点状语。答语是一个省略的强调句型,根据问句,完整的回答应该是: was in “It the department store where he worked that I first met my boyfriend.”此题容易误选 that。 答案:C 7.(2013·沈阳二中月考)Besides hotels, there are also families ________

visitors can experience the warmth and kindness of the local people. A.which C.what B.that D.where

解析:先行词为 families,定语从句中主谓宾俱全,用状语,故用 where 引 导。 答案:D 8. (2012· 成都摸底考试)China has 56 nationalities, each of________has its own characteristics,forming the various and colorful Chinese culture. A.them C.that B.what D.which

解析:句意:中国有 56 个民族,每个民族都有自己的特点,它们形成了丰 富多彩的中国文化。根据语意可知此处应用 which 引导非限制性定语从句,先行 词为 nationalities。 答案:D 9.(2012·河南三市第二次调研)Today's English learners have a wide choice of dictionaries________to choose. A.from which C.for which B.in which D.of which

解析:句意:今天的英语学习者在挑选字典时有很多种选择。from which 引 导定语从句,修饰 dictionaries。choose...from...表示“从??中挑选” 。 答案:A 10.(2012·山西四校联考)In the UK,what impressed me most was the student activity,________I got lots of information. A.when C.which B.that D.where

解析:本句的后半部分是非限制性定语从句,用来修饰先行词 the student activity,where 在从句中作状语,表示抽象的地点。 答案:D 11.(2012·安徽皖北四校联考)________is known,John studies in________is considered the best school in the city.

A.Which;which C.It;which

B.What;what D.As;what

解析:第一空 as 在句首引导非限制性定语从句;第二空前有介词 in,in 后 的从句缺少主语,用 what 引导。 答案:D 12.(2012·山东潍坊、东营、淄博、滨州四市联考)Soon children in the camp had many new friends,________they shared food,stories and projects. A.for which C.of which B.with whom D.to whom

解析:分析句子成分可知此处先行词为 friends,从句中有短语 share sth.with sb.,故此处用“with+whom”引导非限制性定语从句。 答案:B 13.(2012·北京西城期末)The Great Wall is the place______almost all tourists would like to visit when they come to Beijing. A.why C.when B.which D.where

解析:分析句子结构可知, “________almost all tourists would like to visit” 为定语从句,修饰先行词 the place,关系代词在从句中充当 visit 的宾语。 答案:B 14 . (2012 · 合 肥 第 一 次 质 检 )A good advertisement often uses words________people attach positive meanings. A.that C.with which B.which D.to which

解析: 句意: 一则好广告经常使用那些人们赋予积极含义的话语。 attach...to... “把??附到??上”“________people attach positive meanings”是定语从句, , 修饰先行词 words。 答案:D 15. (2012· 河南洛阳统考)The old lady, of________children had been killed all in the earthquake,was given help by the local government. A.her B.whom

C.whose

D.which

解析:句意: 那位所有的孩子都在地震中丧生的老太太得到了当地政府的帮 助。本句中的 all of________children had been killed in the earthquake 是非限制性 定语从句,修饰先行词 The old lady,whose 在从句中作定语。 答案:C 16.(2012·山东潍坊三县市上学期联考)The course normally attracts 200 students per year,________up to half come from overseas. A.in which C.with which B.for whom D.of whom

解析:句意:这个课程每年一般吸引 200 名学生,其中多达一半的学生来自 海外。关系代词 whom 代替先行词 students,空处表示“在这些学生当中” ,表示 范围用介词 of,且 of 应放在关系代词 whom 之前,故选 D 项。 答案:D 17.(2012·江西重点中学盟校第一次联考)A turning point of the continuously high housing price won't appear suddenly because there must be a certain process________many factors lead to the change. A.which C.where B.what D.that

解析:此处用关系副词 where 来引导定语从句,相当于 in which,修饰先行 词 process。 答案:C 18 . (2012 · 江 西 丰 、 樟 、 高 、 宜 四 市 联 考 )The city was attacked by________terrible weather________few citizens had ever experienced before. A.so;as C.such;that B.so;that D.such;as

解析:第一空后接的是“形容词+不可数名词” ,因此使用 such;第二空 experienced 后缺少宾语,所以用 as 引导定语从句,并在从句中作宾语。注意在 such...that...结构中,that 在从句中不充当任何成分。 答案:D 19.(2012·福州第一次质检)—Believe it or not,my sister and I are twins.

—Oh,you must have had the case________you were taken for your sister. A.which C.where B.whose D.whom

解析:语意表示你肯定有过你被误认为是你姐姐的情况。where you were taken for your sister 是定语从句,修饰先行词 the case,表示的是抽象地点,where 可用 in which 替换。 答案:C 20.(2012·浙江温州第二次联考)The British are not so familiar with different cultures and other ways of doing things,________is often the case in other countries. A.what C.so B.as D.that

解析:as 在这里引导非限制性定语从句,as 代指前面整个句子的内容,而 且 as 在从句中作主语。 答案:B


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