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高中英语语法——情态动词总结(附带练习)


高中英语语法——情态动词复习课
( ( ( ( ( ) 1. You _____ return the book now. You can keep it till next week if you like. A. can’t B. mustn’t C. needn’t D. may not ) 2. Where is my pen? I _____ it. A. m

ight lose B. would have lost C. should have lost D. must have lost ) 3. I wish I _____ you yesterday. A. seen B. did see C. had seen D. were to see ) 4. I didn’t hear the phone. I _____ asleep. A. must be B. must have been C. should be D. should have been ) 5. If my lawyer _____ here last Saturday, he _____ me from going. A. had been; would have prevented B. had been; would prevent C. were; would prevent D. were; would have prevented ) 6. He _____ you more help, even though he was very busy. A. might have given B. might have C. may have given D. may give ) 7. If it _____ for the snow, we _____ the mountain yesterday. A. were not; could have climbed B. were not; could climb C. had not been; could have climbed D. had not been; could climb ) 8. Without electricity human life _____ quite difficult today. A. is B. will be C. would have been D. would be ) 9. A computer _____ think for itself, it must be told what to do. A. can’t B. couldn’t C. may not D. might not ) 10. Jenny _____ have kept her word. I wonder why she changed her mind. A. must B. should C. need D. would )11. We _____ last night, but we went to the concert instead. A. must have studied B. might study C. should have studied D. would study ) 12. — Could I borrow your dictionary? — Yes, of course you _____. A. might B. will C. can D. should ) 13. Tom ought not to _____ me your secret, but he meant no harm. A. have told B. tell C. be telling D. having told ) 14. — If he _____, he _____ that food. — Luckily he was sent to the hospital immediately. A. was warned; would not take B. had been warned; would not have taken C. would be warned; had not taken D. would have been warned; had not taken ) 15. Peter _____ come with us tonight, but he isn’t very sure yet. A. must B. may C. can D. will ) 16. I told Sally how to get here, but perhaps I _____ for her. A. had to write it out B. must have written it out C. should have written it out D. ought to write it out ) 17. I didn’t see your sister at the meeting. If she _____, she would have met my brother. A. has come B. did come C. came D. had come ) 18. — Shall I tell John about it? — No, you _____. I’ve told him already. 1

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A. needn’t B. wouldn’t C. mustn’t D. shouldn’t ) 19. When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, it looks as if it _____. A. breaks B. has broken C. were broken D. had been broken ) 20. It’s nearly seven o’clock. Jack _____ be here at any moment. A. must B. need C. should D. can ) 21.— There were already five people in the car but they managed to take me as well. — It _____ a comfortable journey. A. can’t be B. shouldn’t be C. mustn’t have been D. couldn’t have been ) 22. Johnny, you _____ play with the knife, you _____ hurt yourself. A. won’t; can’t B. mustn’t; may C. shouldn’t; must D. can’t; shouldn’t ) 23. The fire spread through the hotel very quickly but everyone _____ get out. A. had to B. would C. could D. was able to ) 24. — When can I come for the photos? I need them tomorrow afternoon. — They _____ be ready by 12:00. A. can B. should C. might D. need ) 25. — I stayed at a hotel while in New York. — Oh, did you? You _____ with Barbara. A. could have stayed B. could stay C. would stay D. must have stayed ) 26. — Will you stay for lunch? — Sorry, _____. My brother is coming to see me. A. I mustn’t B. I can’t C. I needn’t D. I won’t ) 27. — Are you coming to Jeff’s party? — I’m not sure. I _____ go to the concert instead. A. must B. would C. should D. might ) 28. — Write to me when you get home. — _____. A. I must B. I should C. I will D. I can ) 29. I was really anxious about you, you _____ home without a word. A. mustn’t leave B. shouldn’t have left C. couldn’t have left D. needn’t leave ) 30. — Is John coming by train? — He should, but he _____ not. He likes driving his car. A. must B. can C. need D. may

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【答案解析】 1.C 从原题中 You can keep it till next week if you like 这一信息句可知, “你不必现在还” 。 2. 从原题中 Where is my pen?这一信息句可告诉考生, D “笔丢了” 丢的动作是过去发生的。 , 因此用 must + have done 表示对过去事实的肯定猜测。 3.C 原题中的 yesterday 这一信息词告诉考生,在 wish 后的宾语从句中,用过去完成时,表示与过去事 实相反的愿望。 4.B 从原题中的 I didn’t hear the phone.这一信息可以判断出,用 must have done 表示过去事实的准确的 肯定猜测。 5.A 从原题中 last Saturday 这一信息词可知,条件句中用表示与过去 事实相反的过去完成时,主句用 would + have done。 6.A might have + 过去分词,在次是虚拟语气,表示“本来可以给你更多的帮助” ,而事实则是帮助较 少。 7.C 从原题中的 yesterday 这一信息词暗示考生,该句应选用与过去事实相反的过去完成时,If it had not been for ? “要不是因为??” 。 8. D 原题中的 Without electricity 相当于一个条件句: there were no electricity,故主句用 human life would If be quite difficult today. 9.A can 可以表示一种客观上的能力,本句 can’t,表示“不能,不会” 。 10.B 从原题总的“I wonder why she changed her mind” “我不知道为何他改变了主意了。 ”这句话告诉考 生 Janny 没有守诺言。因此,用 should + have done,表示“过去本应该做某事,而实际上没有做” 。 11.C 可参看 10 题。意思是: “昨晚本应该学习,但是却去听音乐会了。 ” 12.C 原题中的 could 不是过去时,而表示一种委婉、客气的礼貌用语。因此用 could 提问时,用 can 回 答。 同样用 would, might 提问, will 和 may 回答。 用 [注意]①— Would you rather do such a thing? — Yes, I would. ②— Would you like some tea? — Yes, I would. 这两个对话中的 would rather,would like 是惯用法,故不能用 will 来回答。因为在这两个句型中,will 不 能去替换 would。 13.A 可参看 10、15 题。该句意思是: “汤姆本来不该告诉我你的秘密,但他没有伤害你的意思。 ”ought not to have done = shouldn’t have done 14. 从答语中的 Luckily he was sent to the hospital immediately 这一信息句可提示考生, B 条件句应填表示 与过去事实相反的时态。 15. 从原题中的 but he isn’ very sure yet 这一信息句可暗示考生, B t Peter 当晚来的可能性不大。 是 A “准 来,肯定来” 是“将要来” ,D 。 16.C 可参看 10、11、13 题。 “本应该”而事实上没有?? 17.D 从原题中 I didn’t see your sister at the meeting 和后文 she would have met my brother 这两个信息句 可知,if 条件句中应填与过去事实相反的过去完成时。可参看 6、7、14 题。 18.A 你不必告诉他。因为 I’ve told him already 这一信息句已暗示考生了。 19.C 当 as if 引导虚拟语气的句子是,如果主句与从句中的谓语词所表达的动作同时发生时,as if 后接 一般过去时。例如:He walked as if he were lame.如果从句中的谓语动作发生个在主句谓语动作之前,则用 过去完成时。例如:He talked as if he had known the secret.不论主句中的谓语是现在时还是过去时。 20.C 只要考生抓住 nearly 一词和后文 at any moment(随时的意思)这两个信息词语,就能很快选出 C 项,表示逻辑推测,意思是“快七点钟了,杰克一会儿就该到了。 ” 21.D 根据句意,是对过去情况的推测。 “当时决不可能是一次舒服的乘车。 ”must 表示对过去的推测只 能用于肯定句。 22.B mustn’t 表示“禁止” ;may 表示“有可能” 。句子的意思是: “你不可以玩刀,可能会伤你自己。 ”

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23.D 该题在考考生 could 与 was able to 之间的区别。Was able to 表示在困难的情况下,经过一番周折而 “能??” ,并且成功地做了。 24.B 该题考查情态动词 should 表推测的用法。Can 和 might 都可以表示可能性,用 might 则语气更加不 肯定。Need 表示“需要”“必需” 、 。Should 可以表示推测,结合实际,合乎逻辑,意为“应当”“该” 、 。 根据第一个说话者说的 I need them tomorrow afternoon 的语境,可以确定正确答案为 B。 25.A 该题在考查“情态动词+不定式的完成式”的用法,从会话的语境看,空白处应填“could + have + 过去分词”表示过去本来能做到的事而事实上没有做到。 26.B 该题考查表示请求的英语口语,用 will 来向第二人称提问的疑问结构,是表达一种意愿和请求, 是以疑问的形式来表达较为婉转的祈使语气,意思是“请你??,好吗?” ,对于这种问句的肯定答语可 用 Sure! Certainly! Yes, of course. I’ be glad to 等; d 否定回答通常是 I’ sorry, I can’ No, I’ afraid I can’ m t. m t. I’m sorry, but ? I ‘d like to, but ?等。 27.D might 表示“可能性” 。 28.C 意思是“我会的” 。对祈使句的肯定回答。 29.B shouldn’t have done 为本来不该做某事,而事实上做了。 30.D 用 may not 可表示“可能不” 。而 can not 则表示断然的否定推测“不可能” 。A,C 意思不符。

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