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2016高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(1)


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2016 高考英语阅读理解和短文改错选练(1)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 Welcome to Australia The Great Outdoors Australia is the world’s oldest continent and i

ndigenous Australians have one of the world’s oldest culture. In Australia you will see unique plants and animals and some of the most beautiful scenery in the world.Many parks have information centres offering advice on where to go, what to see and how to see it--for both your personal safety and to protect our sensitive, natural environment. Banks and Money Matters Banks are generally open between 9:30am and 4pm on Monday to Thursday and 9:30am and 5pm on Friday. Foreign currency or traveller’s cheques can be changed at all banks and some of the larger hotels.There are currency exchange facilities at all international airports. ___________________ Take care! Our sunlight is very strong and you can get sunburnt. For best sun protection, it is advisable to wear: ? ? ? A broad-brimmed hat A shirt with a collar and sleeves Sunscreen with high protection factor.

Swimming We have so many beautiful places to swim--beaches, lakes, rivers and creeks. ? Many of our waters are safe for swimming, but if you have any doubts, ask

before entering the water. ? Most of our popular ocean beaches have patrols with life-saving service.Red

and yellow flags mark the area that you are advised to swim within. ? If there are no flags and no life guards on the beach, talk to local people

about the best areas to swim. Staying Safe on the Roads ? ? Australians drive on the left-hand side of the road. For safety, everyone in the car, including children, must wear a seat belt.

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? ?

Motor cyclists and bicyclists are required to wear a helmet. Watch out for native animals crossing the roads, especially at night.Road

signs are erected in places where animals are commonly seen. 1.What is the best title of the third part of the passage? A.The Sun C.Warning B.Enjoy the Sun D.Outdoor Activities

2.If you arrive in Sydney at 5:10pm on Friday, where can you probably get your money changed on that day? A.At a bank. C.At a store B.At any hotel. D.At the airport

3.What advice can you get at the park information centre? A.Advice on how to wear a broad-brimmed hat. B.Advice on how to drive safely in the park. C.Advice on how to protect our environment D.Advice on where to go to see a kangaroo. 4.How can you ensure your safety when swimming? A.You can swim in whichever lake you like B.You should swim with the life guard. C.You can swim where there are red flags. D.Always find a local person to ask about how to swim. 5.Which of the following word might be the closest in meaning with the underlined word “erected”? A.set up 【参考答案】1---5 ADDCA B.protected C.stood D.noticed

阅读理解。 Love, success, happiness, family and freedom----how important are these values to you? Here is one interview which explores the fundamental questions in life. Question: Could you introduce yourself first? Answer: My name is Misbah, 27 years old. I was born in a war-torn area. Right now I'm a web designer. Q: What are your great memories? A: My parents used to take us to hunt birds, climb trees, and play in the fields. For me it was like a holiday because we were going to have fun all day long. Those
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are my great memories. Q: Does your childhood mean a lot to you? A: Yes. As life was very hard, I used to work to help bring money in for the family. I spent my childhood working, with responsibilities beyond my age. However, it taught me to deal with problems all alone. I learnt to be independent. Q: What changes would you like to make in your life? A: If I could change something in my life, I'd change it so that my childhood could have taken place in another area. I would have loved to live with my family in freedom. Who cares whether we have much money, or whether we have a beautiful house? It doesn't matter as long as I can live with my family and we are safe. Q: How do you get along with your parents? A: My parents supported me until I came of age. I want to give back what I've got. That's our way. But I am working in another city. My only contact with my parents now is through the phone, but I hate using it. It filters(过滤) out your emotion and leaves your voice only. My deep est feelings should be passed through sight, hearing and touch. ( ) 1. In Misbah's chi ldhood, _______________.

A. he was free from worry B. he liked living in the countryside C. he was fond of getting close to nature D. he often spent holidays with his family ( ) 2. What did Misbah desire most in his childhood? B. A beautiful house. D. Money for his family.

A. A colorful life. C. Peace and freedom. (

) 3. How would Misbah prefer to communicate with his parents? B. By calling them sometimes. D. By writing them letters.

A. By chatting on the Internet. C. By paying weekly visits. (

) 4. If there were only one question le ft, what would it most probably be?

A. What was your childhood dream? B. What is your biggest achievement? C. What is your parents' view of you? D. What was your hardest experience in the war? 【语篇解读】本文通过一个采访,把 Misbah 这个人的生活,成长展示给我们.
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1. 答案 C 【解析】细节理解题.由 My parents used to take us to hunt birds, climb trees, and play in the fields. For me it was like a holiday because we were going to have fun all day long. Those are my great memories.可知,Misbah 喜爱大自然.所以答案选 C 项. 2. 答案 C 【解析】 推理判断题. 根据文中 I would have loved to live with my family in freedom. Who cares whether we have much money, or whether we have a beautiful house? It doesn't matter as long as I can live with my family and we are safe. 可知,作者 向往和平自由的生活.故选 C 项. 3. 答案 C 【解析】 细节理解题. 根据 My only contact with my parents now is through the phone, but I hate using it. It filters out your emotion and leaves your voice only. My deepest feelings should be passed through sight, hearing and touch. 可知, Misbah 讨厌在电话里与父母联系,因为它只剩 下了声音,而 Misbah 想要的是与父母面对面 的交流.四个选项中只有 C 项能够让 Misbah 与父母面对面.由此判断选 C 项. 4. 答案 B 【解析】推理判断题.其它三个问题在上文中都有所涉及,只有 B 项没有.所以如 果还剩 一个问题,很有可能就是 B 项.

短文改错 文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一个横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2、 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从十一处起)不计分。 I watch TV until 12 o’clock, so I couldn’t go over my lessons. This morning I got up very late that I had to go to school without breakfast in hurry, but I was still late for the first class. When I entered the classroom, the maths teacher had to stop explain an important problem, and all the eyes were fixed upon me. My face turned red. Something even worse was happened to me in English class. The teacher
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asked me recite the text. However, I could say nothing and sorry, for I did not spend some time preparing my lessons. The teacher looked at me with his coldly eyes. I stood at my bench without daring to raise my head. How a terrible day I had! I will never do anything like this. 【参考答案】4. I watch TV until 12 o’clock, so I couldn’t go over my lessons. This morning I got up very late watched so

that I had to go to school without breakfast in∧ hurry, but I was still late for the first class. When a I entered the classroom, the maths teacher had to stop explain an important problem, and all the explaining eyes were fixed upon me. My face turned red. Something even worse was happened to me in 去掉 English class. The teacher asked me∧ recite the text. However, I could say nothing and sorry, for to but

I did not spend some time preparing my lessons. The teacher looked at me with his coldly eyes. I any cold

stood at my bench without daring to raise my head. How a terrible day I had! I will never do What anything like this.

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短文改错 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(^) ,并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 As we know, when senior students finish their school, most of their reference books are thrown away, which are still in good conditions.What a great waste it is! I suggested that we should recycle all this books.On the one hand, recycling them can save a lot of natural resources, which are used to make textbooks.On the other hand, the notes on the books are helpful to whoever need them. In fact, recycling textbooks has been increasing popular in such countries as America and Australia.We should learn from them, but make every effort to build energy-saving society.In my opinion, it is of many benefit both to our present and to our future. 【参考答案】5. As we know, when senior students finish their school, most of their reference

books are thrown away, which are still in good conditions. What a great waste it is! condition I suggested that we should recycle all this books. On the one hand, recycling them suggest these

can save a lot of natural resources, which are used to make textbooks. On the other hand, the notes on the books are helpful to whoever need them. in needs
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In fact, recycling textbooks has been increasing popular in such countries as increasingly America and Australia. We should learn from them, but make every effort to and build∧energy-saving society. In my opinion, it is of many benefit both to an our present and to our future. much

6. 短文改错 Mrs. Williams, my next-door neighbor, have a big house with a beautiful

garden in front of them. She is very proud of her house because of it is always

clean and tidy. While cleaned the carpets one day she suddenly saw a little mice run

across her dining room. She felt terrible ashamed, for she used to telling others that

mice were found only in dirty houses. She quickly asked her daughter Jenny help

catch the mouse. It takes them almost half an hour to catch the mouse. Afraid of

being laughed at by other people around her, Mrs. Williams wanted her daughter to

keep it the secret. 【参考答案】6. 1.have—has 4.cleaned—cleaning
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2.them—it

3.of 去掉

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5. mice—mouse 8. help 前加 to

6.terrible—terribly 9.takes—took

7.telling—tell 10.the—a

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