中山市 2012 年高中英语读写能力竞赛
阅读 (共两节，满分 70 分)
阅读理解（共 30 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 60 分）
阅读下列六篇短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
The Chinese American Citizens Alliance has announced that Lakeridge High School junior Vivian Chen has won first place in its 2012 national essay contest and Chen’s essay earned her a $1,000 scholarship. . Each year on the first Saturday in March, thousands of high school students across the nation participate in the Alliance’s national essay contest, which is intended to cultivate creative thinking and self-expression and encourage an awareness of current local and world events. ―You don’t know what the topic is in advance. It’s a timed impromptu essay,‖ said Chen. ―When I arrived at the test location I was given a packet and had to write the essay in two hours. I was a little nervous.‖ Helen Ying, a spokeswoman for CACA, said what the students are going to write is a highly kept secret until it is presented the day of the competition. Students handwrite their essays into bound books, which are collected at the end of the two-hour period for judging. Each of the organization’s 18 regions selects its top winners; from these top entries, the national winner is selected. This year’s essay topic was the following: ―Electronic media such as Facebook, Twitter and texting have now become mainstream ways of meeting friends and connecting with peers. Discuss whether you use Facebook, or text or Twitter extensively, or know other people your age who do so on a regular basis. ―In addition, share your thoughts on how these technological innovations have affected your relationship with members of the older generation, particularly with more traditional and conservative Chinese/Asian-American parents. ―Expand your thoughts by commenting on what effects these media have on parental supervision and guidance, and your relationship with others your own age.‖ ―I felt really comfortable about writing about the topic.‖ said Chen. She explained that she regularly uses social media to communicate with her grandparents in China. ―I wasn’t expecting to win, so it was just a fun exercise for me. I was really surprised that I won.‖ 1. About the national essay contest, which of the following statements is NOT true ________? A. It is organized by the Chinese American Citizens Alliance B. It is held on the first Saturday in March every year C. Its purpose is to develop Chinese students’ writing skills and creative thinking D. It encourages students to pay more attention to the current affairs 2. What does the underlined part ―impromptu‖ in Paragrph 3 probably means?
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B. In a regular time.
3. What can be inferred from the passage? A. Vivian was rewarded $1,000. B. Judges usually spend 2 hours judging and selecting the final winner. C. Vivian Chen knew she would win this contest. D. Vivian Chen was once one of the top winners of the 18 regions. 4. Which of the following is NOT required to write in this year’s essay? A. The use of electronic media in their daily life. B. The effects of electronic media on the ways of parental guidance. C. The effects of electronic media on relationship between the old and the young. D. The effects of electronic media on the lifestyles of people. 5. Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. Vivian Chen won top prize in the national essay contest in 2012. B. The Alliance’s national essay contest. C. National essay contest and its topic of the year 2012. D. Vivian Chen won a $1,000 scholarship.
Recently, I often think of an experience, a small but unforgettable experience. It was one night when I was driving my car down a two-lane highway at a high speed of about 60 miles an hour. Another car approached from the opposite direction at about the same speed. As we passed each other, I caught the other driver’s eye for only a second. I wondered whether he might be thinking, as I was, how dependent we were on each other at that moment. I was relying on him not to fall asleep, not to be put off by a phone conversation, not to cross over into my lane and bring my life to a sudden end. Though we had never spoken a word to each other, he relied on me in just the same way. Multiplied a million times over, I believe that is the way the world works. At some level, we all rely on one another. Sometimes that dependence requires us simply not to do something like crossing over the double yellow line. And sometimes it requires us to act cooperatively, with friends or even with strangers. As technology shrinks our world, the need for cooperative action among nations is increasing. In 2003, doctors in five nations were quickly organized to identify the SARS virus, which saved thousands of lives. The threat of international terrorism has shown itself to be a similar problem, one requiring coordinated action by police and intelligence forces across the world. We must recognize that our fates are not ours alone to control. In my own life, I’ve put great stock in personal responsibility. But, as the years have passed, I’ve also come to believe that there are moments when one must rely upon the good faith and judgment of others. So, while each of us faces the case of driving alone down a dark road, what we must learn is that the approaching light may not be a threat, but a shared moment of trust. 6．The author considers very important. D．shared trust and cooperation .
A．driving alone on a dark road B．independence of people C．cooperation to identify SARS virus A．the approaching car was very dangerous B．they both drove their car at a terrific speed
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7．The author said that they depended on each other in the same way because
C．he might be killed out of the other’s careless driving D．it was dark and the highway road was a two-lane road 8．From the second paragraph, we know the author drew the important lesson from A．only one experience B．many similar experiences C．a driver on a dark road D．many friends and strangers 9．The need for cooperation increases because A．peoples’ fates can’t be controlled by themselves B．the SARS virus spread quickly C．terrorism can happen everywhere D．the world is smaller than before 10．We can infer from the last paragraph that the author has A．believed in one’s own personal responsibility B．counted upon himself alone in everything C．had no trust in others’ good faith and judgment D．had a change on his viewpoint of life . . .
Scientists claim that children who have low levels of self-control at three are more likely to have health and money problems and a criminal record by the age of 32, regardless of background and IQ. Researchers from Britain, the U.S. and New Zealand analyzed data from two large studies in which children completed a range of physical tests and interviews to assess genetic and environmental factors that can shape their lives. They found that children with low self-control were more likely to have health problems in later life including high blood pressure, being overweight, breathing problems. They were also more likely to be dependent on things such as tobacco, alcohol and drugs, more likely to be single parents, have difficulty managing money and have criminal records. ―Our study shows, for the first time, that willpower as a child really does influence your chances of a healthy and wealthy adulthood.‖ The researchers firstly looked at data from around 1,000 children born in New Zealand between April 1972 and March 1973. The participants’ self-control was assessed by teachers, parents, observers and the children themselves and included things like having fear of failure, lacking persistence in reaching goals, being over-active and acting before thinking. Dr Moffitt's team then found that when the participants reached their early 30s, this impulsivity(冲动) and relative inability to think about the long-term gave them more problems with finances, including savings, owning a home and credit card debt. The children with lower self-control scores also scored highest for things like weight problems, having high cholesterol and high blood pressure. To support the findings, the researchers ran the same analysis on data from 500 pairs of twins in Britain. They found that the brother or sister with lower self-control scores at age five was more likely to start smoking, do badly at school and engage in anti-social behaviour at age 12. Dr Avshalom Capsi, who worked with Dr Moffitt on the study, said: ―This shows that self-control is important by itself, apart from all other factors that brothers or sisters share, such as their parents and home life.‖
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11. Which of the following statements about the findings is right? A. Children with a low IQ and good background are more likely to have low levels of self-control B. Children who have health and money problems are more likely to have good background C. Children with low self-control at three are more likely to commit a crime in their early 30s D. Children who have low levels of self-control at three will have health and money problems by the age of 32 12. According to the passage, children with low self-control were more likely to have the following problems in their later life EXCEPT________. A. having health problems such as high blood pressure, being overweight B. getting divorced before they have a baby C. having problems with finances including savings, credit card debt D. being addicted to smoking, drinking and taking drugs 13. How many children were studied by the researchers in all? A. 1,000. A. lack big goals C. have more failure A. Entertainment. C. Science Research. B. 2,000. C. 1,500. D. 500. 14. From paragraph six, we can know that children with low self-control may _________ B. think and act actively D. fear to fail B. Family Education. D. Current Affairs.
15. In which section of a newspaper does the passage probably appear?
Brad and Sue have three lovely but naughty boys. One day, Sue left home to visit her mother. Expecting a whole day to relax, Brad was thinking whether to read the newspaper or watch his favorite TV talk show on his first day off in months. ―This will be like a walk in the park,‖ he’d told his wife. ―I’ll look after the kids, and you can go visit your mom.‖ Things started well, but just after eight o’clock, his three little ―good kids‖—Mike, Randy, and Alex—came down the stairs in their night clothes and shouted ―breakfast, daddy.‖ When food had not appeared within thirty seconds, Randy began using his spoon on Alex’s head as if it were a drum. Alex started to shout loudly in time to the beat（节拍）. Mike chanted ―Where’s my toast, where’s my toast‖ in the background. Brad realized his newspaper would have to wait for a few seconds. Life became worse after breakfast. Mike wore Randy’s underwear on his head. Randy locked himself in the bathroom, while Alex shouted again because he was going to wet his pants. Nobody could find clean socks, although they were before their very eyes. Someone named ―Not Me‖ had spilled a whole glass of orange juice into the basket of clean clothes. Brad knew the talk show had already started. By ten o’clock, things were out of control. Alex was wondering why the fish in the jar refused his bread and butter. Mike was trying to show off his talent by decorating the kitchen wall with his colour pencils. Randy, thankfully, appeared to be reading quietly in the family room， closer examination showed that he was eating apple jam straight from the bottle with his but hands. Brad realized that the talk show was over and reading would be impossible. At exactly 11:17, Brad called the daycare centre (日托所). ―I suddenly have to go into work and my wife’s away. Can I bring the boys over in a few minutes?‖ The answer was obviously ―yes‖ because Brad was smiling. 16. When his wife left home, Brad expected to _______ .
A. go out for a walk in the park B. watch TV talk show with his children C. enjoy his first day off work
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D. read the newspaper to his children 17. Nobody could find clean socks because ________ A. one of the three kids had dirtied the socks B. the boys were lazy to pick up the clean socks before their eyes C. one of the three kids had hidden their socks D. they couldn’t recognize the socks of their own 18. Which of the following did Randy do? A. Drawing on the wall. C. Feeding the fish. A. Because he wanted to clean up his house. B. Because he suddenly had to go to his office. C. Because he found it hard to manage his boys home. D. Because he had to take his wife back. 20. This text is developed ________ . A. by space C. by process B. by comparison D. by time B. Eating apple jam. D. Reading in a room.
19. Why did Brad ask the daycare centre for help?
Hero is an inspiring word. Everybody worships heroes and even wants to be a hero himself. But what is a hero? I mean, what is a true hero? Despite the great differences in cultures, heroes around the world generally share a number of characteristics that instruct and inspire people. A hero does something worth talking about. A hero has a story of adventure to tell and a community who will listen. But a hero goes beyond mere fame. Heroes serve principles and society larger than themselves. A hero should be willing to help others, and determined to change the world into a better place. He should be thoughtful to the people around. And when disadvantaged groups are treated unfair, he will have enough courage to speak for them. In other words, a hero should care for the society. The hero lives a life worthy of imitation. Those who imitate a genuine hero experience life with new depth, enthusiasm, and meaning. A sure test for would-be heroes is what or whom do they serve? What are they willing to live and die for? If the answer or evidence suggests they serve only their own fame, they may be famous persons but not heroes. Madonna and Michael Jackson are famous, but who would claim that their fans find life more meaningful? Heroes are catalysts (催化剂) for change. They have a vision from the mountaintop. They have the skill and the charm to move ordinary people. They create new possibilities. Without Gandhi, India might still be part of the British Empire. Without Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King, Jr., we might still have segregated (隔离的) buses, restaurants, and parks. It may be possible for great change to occur without leaders with powerful personalities, but the pace of change would be slow, the vision uncertain.
21. Although heroes may come from different cultures, they ________. A. generally possess certain inspiring characteristics B. probably share some weaknesses of ordinary people
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C. are often influenced by previous generations D. all unknowingly attract a large number of fans 22. According to Paragraph3 and Paragraph 4, which of the following statements could the author NOT agree to? A. A hero is usually famous. B. A hero must be a lover of adventure. C. A hero should be one who is more willing to serve others more than himself. D. A hero should not only be thoughtful but also brave. 23. Madonna and Michael Jackson are not considered heroes because ________. A. they are popular only among certain groups of people B. their performances do not improve their fans morally C. their primary concern is their own financial interests D. they are not clear about the principles they should follow 24. Gandhi and Martin Luther King are typical examples of outstanding leaders who ________. A. are good at demonstrating their charming characters B. can bring changes to society in their times C. are capable of meeting all challenges and hardships D. can provide an answer to the problems of their people 25. The author concludes that historical changes would ________. A. be delayed without leaders with inspiring personal qualities B. not happen without heroes making the necessary sacrifices C. take place if there were heroes to lead the people D. produce leaders with attractive personalities
A new study shows that stress affects how the brain thinks about the advantages and disadvantages, causing it to focus on pleasure and ignore the possible negative consequences of a decision. The research suggests that stress may change the way people make choices in predictable ways. ―Stress affects how people learn,‖ says Professor Mara Mather. ―People learn better about positive than negative outcomes under stress.‖ For example, two recent studies looked at how people learned to connect images(影像) with either rewards or punishments. In one experiment, some of the participants were first stressed by having to give a speech and do difficult math problems in front of an audience; in the other, some were stressed by having to keep their hands in ice water. In both cases, the stressed participants remembered the rewarded material more accurately and the punished material less accurately than those who hadn’t gone through the stress. This phenomenon is likely not surprising to anyone who has tried to resist eating cookies or smoking a cigarette while under stress –at those moments, only the pleasure associated with such activities comes to mind. But the findings further suggest that stress may bring about a double effect. Not only are rewarding experiences remembered better, but negative consequences are also easily recalled. The research also found that stress appears to affect decision-making differently in men and women. While both men and women tend to focus on rewards and less on consequences under stress, their responses to risk turn out to be different. Men who had been stressed by the cold-water task tended to take more risks in the experiment while women responded in the opposite way. In stressful situations in which risk-taking can pay off big, men may tend to do better, when caution weighs more, however, women will win. This tendency to slow down and become more cautious when decisions are risky might also help explain why women are
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less likely to become addicted than men: they may more often avoid making the risky choices that eventually harden into addiction. 26. We can learn from the passage that people under pressure tend to ______. A. keep rewards better in their memory B. recall consequences more effortlessly C. make risky decisions more frequently D. learn a subject more effectively 27. About the two experiments mentioned in the passage, which of the following is NOT true? A. The experiments are intended to find out how people learn about the positive and negative outcomes under stress. B. In each experiment, all the participants were stressed by doing certain tasks. C. The experiments show that stressed participants remembered positive aspects more accurately. D. The experiments can explain the reason why it is so difficult for the smokers to quit smoking under stress. 28. What does the underlined phrase ―pay off‖ in Paragraph 7 most probably mean? A. Succeed. B. Reward. C. Finish the payment. D. Pay the price. 29. The research has proved that in a stressful situation ______. A. women find it easier to fall into certain habits B. men have a greater tendency to slow down C. women focus more on outcomes D. men are more likely to take risks 30. What does the passage mainly talk about? A. Stress affects how people learn. B. Stress makes people consider the advantages more. C. Decision-making under stress. D. Stress affects decision-making differently in men and women.
信息匹配（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分）
下面是一篇应用文及其应用场合的信息，请阅读下列应用文和相关信息，并按照要求匹配信息。 请阅读某书店各书架的相关信息： A. Section One: Do-It-Yourself Section — On these shelves customers can find the latest manuals on how to do everything from building a computer to constructing your own home. B. Section Two: Sports & Leisure Section — Stocks a large range of the latest books on your favorite sporting teams and events. Pick up the perfect Father's Day present here. C. Section Three: Humor Section — A great selection of joke books, funny stories and wonderful real life adventures that are sure to keep the reader laughing for days. D. Section Four: Business & Finance — Students, business people or anyone interested in the world of commerce are certain to find the book they are after here. We have special subsection for international trade and e-commerce. E. Section Five: Biography — Find out about the lives of your favorite sports stars, singers, actors and other famous people from today and the past. Learn what they had to go through to become successful and the effect it had on their lives. F. Section Six: Education — Has a huge range of textbooks and supplementary material covering all the major high school and university subjects. Buyers showing their student cards receive a 15% discount on all purchases from this section. 阅读下列关于各书籍的信息，匹配书籍与其所应放置的书架： 31. The Delighted Eye: by Prof. John Nash --- The 1994 Nobel Prize Winner for Economics, whose ideas have influenced a generation of the world's greatest economic minds, tells his life story: growing up in a small town in America, becoming
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one of America's most influential mathematicians and his battles with mental illness. 32. Mother Tongue: The English Language --- by Bill Bryson --- Bryson's book is a journey through the history and different aspects of the English language, one that is both informative and hugely entertaining. As with most of Bryson's books, fun comes before facts and readers will be left with a smile on their faces. 33. Into Thin Air: by John Krakauer --- is a riveting first-hand account of a disastrous race to the top of Mount Everest. In March 1996, Outside magazine sent veteran journalist and experienced climber John Krakauer to join the team led by the famous Everest guide Rob Hall. Despite the expertise of Hall and the other leaders, by the end of the race eight people were dead. 34. Ready Made: How to Make (Almost) Everything --- by Shoshanna Berger and Grace Hawthorne --- beautifully written with great factual information. The theme behind this book is re-use, re-claim, re-cycle and there are many detailed easy-to-do projects for the reader to try such as making a photo frame from a book cover or a pot for your plants from plastic shopping bags. 35. The Smartest Guys in the Room: The Amazing Rise and Scandalous Fall of Enron --- by Bethany McLean and Peter Elkind --- As the title suggests the authors cover the rise of the American electricity company to become one of the 10 richest companies in the world and its spectacular fall into dishonor and bankruptcy. A perfect guide on what not to do in business.
写作(共一节，满分 30 分)
阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 A grandfather in Qingdao, Shandong province expressed his anger by smashing a plate at a dinner table when his grandchildren were too busy with their phones to chat with him. On October 12, when the whole families were sitting at table, having a feast together, the grandfather found that his grandsons and granddaughters were all busy with playing with their cell phones, and seemed deaf to what the old man said. He was upset first, and then angry. Finally, he left the table and shouted ―you just live with your mobiles.‖ ―We all feel sorry and regretful for that.‖ Mr. Zhang, one of his grandsons, told the reporter. ―On that day, my cousins and I went to my grandfather’s home to have a family union, which my grandfather always expects. But when I met my cousins there, we were very interested in studying each others’ phones, sharing our phone games and were busy with answering text messages. When grandfather asked about how our life and work was going on, we didn’t give him active response.‖ ―I didn’t care what you buy me, and how much money you give me. I just want to have a happy chat and a happy feast with all of you, but you only care about your mobiles. I was left so lonely.‖ the grandfather said in sadness after the children apologized.
[写作内容] 1．以约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容； 2．然后以关心老人为话题写一篇不少于 120 个词的作文。内容包括： （1）你对老人孙子只顾玩手机而不和老人交流的看法； （2）你认为老年人应该受到怎样的对待？为什么？ （3）你认为我们平时可以做哪些具体的事情来切实关心老人？
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