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Unit 1 Section Ⅴ Listening and Speaking & Writing


Unit 1

Women of achievement

Section Ⅴ

Listening and Speaking & Writing

Listening

Speaking

Writing

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Listen to the tape (Page 7) and finish the following exercises. Ⅰ.Choose the best answer to each question. 1.The writer doesn't think women are given a fair chance to have as good a career as men for ________ reasons.

A.four

B.five

C.three

2.The writer thinks girls have more difficulty getting ________ than boys. A.an education B.money C.married
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3.In the writer's opinion,women have ________ difficulty

getting to the top of their chosen careers.
A.less B.more C.no

4.Why are women more likely to give up their careers to look after children or run the house? A.Because looking after children or running the house

are considered women's work.
B.Because men do not have the responsibilities. C.Because women are not good at running businesses. 答案:1~4 CABA
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Ⅱ.Listen to the tape again and fill in the blanks. 1.If there is little money in the family,boys will get the first chance to go to school.

2.It is often felt that girls will marry and look after
another family but that boys must earn money for the family. This way of thinking prevents some girls from training for a career.

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3.This means that women get fewer chances to show how good they are at running businesses. Unless they are given the opportunity , they will never be able to show that they can run companies successfully .

4.They,men can work long hours and go on business
trips. They can improve their career chances since the family is cared for at home.

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Ⅰ.翻译下列句子并背诵 描述人物 1.朱之文,一位勤劳的农民同时又是一位才华横溢的歌唱家, 轰动了全国。 Zhu Zhiwen, a diligent farmer and brilliant singer, is really a hit throughout the country.

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2.他心地善良,扶危济困,对周围的小动物情有独钟,院子 里的鸡鸭成了他忠实的听众。 Not only is the kind man ready to help others but also he has a great passion for the hens and geese in his courtyard which become his devoted audience. 3.这就是绰号称之为“大衣哥”的朱之文,一个热心肠的人, 一个在音乐上取得巨大成就的人。

① Such is Zhu Zhiwen, nicknamed“Overcoat Brother”,
a kindhearted man with great achievements in music.
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② Zhu Zhiwen, who is nicknamed“Overcoat Brother”, is a kindhearted man with great achievements in music. 4.她笑得很灿烂,总是闪烁着那双大眼睛。

She has a very pleasant smile and always has a twinkle in
her eyes. 5.他长得帅气,棕色头发,轮廓清晰的脸庞,灰色的眼睛, 每个人都喜欢他。 He is wonderfully goodlooking with brown hair, clearcut face and grey eyes, being popular with everyone.
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6.很难想象,她在四岁时就迷上了书籍,这为她未来的写作
打下了基础。 ① You can't imagine that she has been addicted to books since she was 4 years old, which paves the way for her

future writing. ② It is beyond our wildest imagination that she has been addicted to books since she was 4 years old, which paves
the way for her future writing. ③ She has been addicted to books since she was 4 years

old, paving the way for her future writing, which is
beyond our wildest imagination.
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Ⅱ.选取正确的选项补全对话(选项中有两个是多余的) A.OK. Why does your mother admire her so much? B.She's so warmhearted and will always help others.

C.What does she look like?
D.Let's describe Wang Lan. E.Can you give some examples? F.She's very generous in giving her time to others. G.They wanted to replace her with a man.

LM = Li Mei

DL = Ding Li
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LM:____1____ She has been a great support to the old

people in our area.My mother always praises her for
being so hardworking and energetic, even though she's really old.She wants me to be like her. DL: ____2____ LM:She says that she's the person who is unselfish enough

to help other people even when she's busy.She helped my
mother by being brave and going to the shop where she worked and telling them they should treat her better.____3____
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DL: I've heard she's very determined and confident.She doesn't mind talking to leaders and will not give up even when they disagree with her.____4____ LM: True.My mother likes her too.She told me how kind and

considerate she is to her older neighbours.She helps them
with their shopping, even when she's tired or has no shopping of her own.____5____

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DL: Yes, that's right, but she does enjoy a good gossip.I

suppose that's how she finds out who to help!
LM: Right! Well, I think we are ready to start.All we need to do now is to organize our ideas ready for the talk to the class. 答案:1~5 DAGBF

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人物描写
[授技法· 把握写作要旨] 人物描写是记叙文的一种。是对人物外貌、个性以及主要事 迹和贡献进行描述。写好人物描写记叙文,应注意以下几点: 首先,对此人进行简要的介绍,比如生平、事件、职业等。

其次,挑选出此人一生中比较重要的事迹进行描写,要尽可
能的详细,因为这影响到人们对他的整体评价。 最后,对此人进行客观的评价,包括其人格、贡献以及闪光 点的评价。
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[常用句式]
1.介绍人物的姓名、出身及外貌特征: ①He had fair hair and blue eyes. ②Abraham Lincoln, the son of a poor family, was born in Kentucky on February 12,1809. ③She is tall and slim with big eyes and curly hair. ④Sue was a young woman who was studying art.

⑤He is a goodlooking, kindhearted man.

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2.介绍人物的影响及人们对此人的评价: ①He became famous for his newly theory. ②The people had come to love him as an inspiring leader. ③We regard him as our model. ④Lei Feng has been praised for his communist spirit.

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[练写作· 活用单元要点]
[题目要求] 姓名 研究 简· 古道尔博士 著名的野生动物研究专家,尤其在研究黑

领域
性格

猩猩方面
谦虚、坦诚、考虑周到

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姓名

简· 古道尔博士 1.童年时代,碰巧看到一本名叫《泰山和杜拉德博士》 的书。受到极大鼓舞,打算研究动物

主要 2.那个时代,妇女受到歧视,但妈妈支持她 事迹 3.20世纪60年代,简动身去非洲研究黑猩猩,用了25年

多的时间观察和记录黑猩猩的日常活动,完全弄懂了
它们的行为 1.成立了几个组织,发起一项保护动物的运动 成就 2.在世界各地演讲,呼吁年轻一代参加“根与芽”活动 3.被授予了多个奖项
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参考词汇 《泰山和杜拉德博士》Tarzan and Dr Doolittle; “根与芽”

“Shoot and Root”
[写作储备] 一、对接单元词汇 1.谦虚的 2.坦诚 modest outspoken considerate look down on
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3.考虑周到
4.看不起

5.支持

support behaviour deliver speeches project

6.行为
7.发表演讲 8.项目 二、巧用单元句型、语法 (一)完成句子

1.简· 古道尔博士是著名的野生动物研究专家,尤其在研究
黑猩猩方面。 Dr Jane Goodall is a famous specialist in studying wild animals, especially in chimps.
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2.童年时代,碰巧看到一本名叫《泰山和杜拉德博士》的书。

In her childhood, she came across a book called Tarzan and
Dr Doolittle by chance .

3.她受到了它极大鼓舞,打算将来研究动物。
She was greatly inspired by it and intended to study animals

one day.

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4.20世纪60年代,简动身去非洲研究黑猩猩,在那里她用了 25年多的时间观察和记录黑猩猩的日常活动,完全弄懂了 它们的行为。 In the 1960s, Jane moved off to Africa to study chimps,

where she spent over 25 years observing and recording
their daily activities.

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5.成立了几个组织并发起了一项保护动物的运动让她世

界闻名。
Setting up several organizations and launching a campaign to protect animals have made her famous all over the world. 6.这就是简· 古道尔,由于突出成绩她获得了许多奖项。 Such is Jane Goodall, who is awarded many prizes for her great achievements.

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(二)根据所给要求,用以上句子完成句式升级

升级一:用a famous specialist 作同位语改写句1
Dr Jane Goodall, a famous specialist, studies wild animals, especially in chimps. 升级二:用which引导的定语从句替换句2中的called Tarzan and Dr Doolittle In her childhood, she came across a book which is called Tarzan and Dr Doolittle by chance.

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升级三:用含有inspired的过去分词短语改写句3

Greatly inspired by it, Jane intended to study animals one
day. 升级四:用award的过去分词短语作定语改写句6 Such is Jane Goodall, awarded many prizes for her great achievements.

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三、尝试用单元所学知识连句成篇
Dr Jane Goodall, a famous specialist, studies wild animals, especially in chimps.She is a modest, outspoken and considerate woman. In her childhood, she came across a book which is called

Tarzan and Dr Doolittle by chance. Greatly inspired by it, Jane
intended to study animals one day.At that time, women were often looked down on and only her mother supported her

decision.In the 1960s, Jane moved off to Africa to study chimps,
where she spent over 25 years observing and recording their daily activities and fully understood chimp behaviour.
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Setting up several organizations and launching a campaign to protect animals have made her famous all over

the world.In recent years, Jane has delivered speeches all
over the world to call on younger generations to take part in her project “Shoot and Root”. Such is Jane Goodall, awarded many prizes for her great achievements.

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