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2013高考一轮专项提能计划 阅读理解1


专项提能计划——阅读理解(一)

专项提能计划——阅读理解(一)

专项提能计划——阅读理解(一)

人物传记类 (2011· 高考山东卷· A)Arthur Miller(1915~2005)is universally recognized as one of the greatest dramatists of

the 20th century.Miller’s father had moved to the USA from AustriaHungary,drawn like so

专项提能计划——阅读理解(一)

many others by the “Great American Dream”.However,he experienced severe financial hardship when his family business was ruined in the Great Depression of the early 1930s.

专项提能计划——阅读理解(一)

Miller’s most famous play,Death of a Salesman,is a powerful attack on the American system,with its aggressive way of doing business and its insistence on money and social status as indicators of worth.In Willy

Loman,the hero of the play,we see a

专项提能计划——阅读理解(一)

man who has got into trouble with this system.Willy is “burnt out” and in the cruel world of business there is no room for sentiment:if he can’t do the work,then he is no good to his employer,the Wagner Company, and he must go.Willy is painfully

专项提能计划——阅读理解(一)

aware of this,and at a loss as to what to do with his lack of success.He refuses to face the fact that he has failed and kills himself in the end.

专项提能计划——阅读理解(一)

When it was first staged in 1949,the play was greeted with enthusiastic reviews,and it won the Tony Award for Best Play,the New York Drama Critics’Circle Award,and the Pulitzer Prize for Drama.It was the first play to

win all three of these major awards.

专项提能计划——阅读理解(一)

Miller died of heart failure at his home in Roxbury,Connecticut,on the evening of February 10,2005,the 56th anniversary of the first performance of Death of a Salesman on Broadway.

专项提能计划——阅读理解(一)

56.Why did Arthur Miller’s father move to the USA?

A.He suffered from severe hunger in his home country.
B.He was attracted by the “Great American Dream”. C.He hoped to make his son a dramatist. D.His family business failed.

专项提能计划——阅读理解(一)

57.The play Death of a Salesman________. A.exposes the cruelty of the American business world B.discusses the ways to get promoted in a company

专项提能计划——阅读理解(一)

C.talks about the business career of Arthur Miller D.focuses on the skills in doing business

专项提能计划——阅读理解(一)

58.What can we learn about Willy Loman?

A.He treats his employer badly.
B.He runs the Wagner Company.

C.He is a victim of the American system.
D.He is regarded as a hero by his colleagues.

专项提能计划——阅读理解(一)

59.After it was first staged,Death of a Salesman________.

A.achieved huge success
B.won the first Tony Award

C.was warmly welcomed by salesmen
D.was severely attacked by dramatists

专项提能计划——阅读理解(一)

60.What is the text mainly about? A.Arthur Miller and his family.

B.The awards Arthur Miller won.
C.The hardship Arthur Miller experienced. D.Arthur Miller and his bestknown play.

专项提能计划——阅读理解(一)

答案速查
56.B 57.A 58.C 59.A 60.D

专项提能计划——阅读理解(一)

破题思路 本文向我们介绍了20世纪伟大的剧作 家Arthur Miller以及他的代表作Death of a Salesman。

专项提能计划——阅读理解(一)

疑难剖析 When it was first staged in 1949,the play was greeted with enthusiastic

reviews,and it won the Tony Award
for Best Play,the New York Drama

Critics’Circle Award,and the Pulitzer
Prize for Drama.(Paragraph 3)

专项提能计划——阅读理解(一)

整体上看,该句是一个由and连接的并 列复合句,第一个分句中使用了when 引导的时间状语从句,第二个分句是 一个简单句,其宾语较为复杂。

专项提能计划——阅读理解(一)

名师支招 本文属于人物传记类文章,该类命题 的题量也较大。文章中往往会出现关 于该人物的大量细节信息,有些细节 很直接,只需理解字面意思即可;有 些则很间接,需要综合、归纳、推理

专项提能计划——阅读理解(一)

才能得出。另外,虽然人物传记类文 章的时间、空间或逻辑线索较清晰, 但是为了提高难度,命题者往往使用 倒叙或插叙等手段故意打乱故事的陈 述次序,使行文的跳跃性增强,情节 复杂化。如第58题,第二段第一句话

告诉我们,《推销员之死》是对美国

专项提能计划——阅读理解(一)

制度的有力的抨击,后面又告诉我们 在这金钱至上的制度里,主人公因迷 茫、失败最终“kills himself”,暴露了 美国商业世界的残酷(exposes the cruelty of the American business world),由此可知他是美国制度的受

害者。

专项提能计划——阅读理解(一)

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