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2015春成考英语 lecture7 介词 echo


2015春成考英语 lecture 7
echo

contents
? ? ? ? 语法与词汇 补全对话 阅读理解 写作

含义 时间

介词用法 at (时刻), on(具体日期), in(月、年), till(截止点), by (截止点), from(起始点), since(起始点), fo

r(时间段), during(时间段), before, after at(小地), on (路名), in(大地), over(垂直在上), under (垂直在下), above(在上方), below(在下方), by , beside, before, behind, around, between, among, to, from, up, down, along, into, out of, through(时空), across(平面) from(外在), of, for(著名、获奖), at(听到、看到), with (心理) of(看得见的), from(看不见的), in

地点

原因 材料

手 段 , 方 with(工具), by(方法), in(语言) 式 关于 about, on(学术) 除外 besides(加), except(减), except for(部分减), but(减)

1. It was very stupid _____ him to quit his good job. ? A. for ? B. of ? C. with ? D. about 2. I bought the coat _____ a low price. ? A. at ? B. in ? C. on ? D. with

Except 与 except for
? (1)except表示“除去,不包括”,强调 所排除的“不包括在内”,一般表示同类 之间的关系,常同nothing, all, none, nobody, any等不定代词以及every连用。except 经常 接名词或代词,但也可接副词,介词短语, 例如 ? The office is open every day except Sundays. 除了星期日这家公司每天都营业。

? except for也表示“除…以外”,指对某种基 本情况进行具体的细节方面的修正。它同 except的区别是:except for后接的词同句子 中的整体词(主语)不是同类的,指从整 体中除去一个细节,一个方面;而except后 接的词同整体词(主语)一般是同类,指 在同类的整体中除去一个部分。例如:
? Your writing is good except for a few grammar mistakes. ? 除了几处语法错误外,你的作文写得很好。

3. Does John know any other foreign languages _____ French? ? A. except B. except for ? C. beside D. besides 4. These two ancient tombs are _______ great value. ? A. with B. in ? C. of D. for 5. Your letter in English is good a spelling mistakes. ? A except for B besides C with D without

Beside与besides
? ? ? ? beside 在…旁边 She sits beside a black boy. Besides : 此外,而且,加之 Besides, I want you to promise me one thing. 此外,我要你答应我一件事。 ? I know French besides English.

Practice
? ? ? ? P 88-90 Q 1,2,4,6,8,10 13, 16, 17, 20, 21 27, 28, 30 , 32, 37, 39

1. Be famous for 2. Hear from 3. Prevent …from… 4. Be busy with … 5. Be different from 6. By the end of … 7. Congratulate …on … 8. Judge …by … 9. Agree to … 10. Remind …of …

交际用语
? 请求、允许和应答 ? (1)May I use your bike? ? 我可以用用你的自行车吗 Can(Could) I use your bike? ? 我能用用你的自行车吗 ? (注意答语:"同意"用"No"或"Not at all"等,表示不介 意;"不同意打开"用"Yes",表示介意)

? (2) ? Yes(Sure, Certainly). ? 可以(或:当然可以)
? Of course (you may).当然(可以) Go ahead,please.干吧.(或:说吧.走吧.) That's OK(All right).那行 Not at all.一点儿也不

?
?

?

? (3) ? I'm sorry,you can't. ? 抱歉,不行 I'm sorry,but you can use my bike tomorrow.抱歉 ,但明天你可以用我的自行车 You'd better not.你最好别这样 ? (4)You can take that, if you like. ? 可以给你那个,如果你想要的话 Take it, by all means. ? 拿去吧,完全没有问题

Writing
? 六、书面表达(共30分)
? 写一篇记述在海滨度周末的日记,内容包 括以下几点:初夏,风和日丽;有很多游人 和小船,我门捡贝壳(shell);日光浴(sun bathe)玩得很愉快。 ? 注意:(1)行文要流暢; ? (2)要符合日记的格式; ? (3)词数为100左右。

? June 18, 2002, Saturday Fine ? Yesterday some of my classmates and I spent our weekend at the seaside. ? It was sunny and a little hot, but the water was too cool to swim in. The sea was blue and calm. It shone merrily under the bright sun. There were boats floating here and there. People in them laughed and sang happily. ? We took off our shoes and went into the cool water. We walked along the beach in the water. Some girls looked for shells on the shore. Then we lay down and bathed in the sun or played games until it was time to go home. ? We all enjoyed a pleasant time at the seaside.


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