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Unit 5 First aid


Unit 5

First aid

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[背高级词汇]

1.poi son
2.am bul ance

毒药
救护车

3.headache
4.fever

头痛
发烧

>5.choke
6.i nj ury

哽住;窒息
伤害

7.breathe
英语

呼吸
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8.sym ptom
9.operati on

症状
手术

10.fi rst ai d
11.m edi caltreatm ent

急救
医疗

12.m outh ? to ? m outh breathi ng/ rescuebreathi ng 人工呼吸

13.cal lfor hel p

呼救

14.m entaland physi calheal th
15.keep cal m

身心健康
保持镇静

16.take care of the i nj ured
英语

照顾伤员
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17.ask sb. for hel p
18.w ai t for rescue
19.the condi ti on of an i nj ury

求助
等待救援
伤势

20.am bul ance corps
21.rescue the hostages

急救队
拯救人质

22.l i fe j acket=l i fe vest

救生衣

23.al lrescue m easures proved i neffectual 抢救无效

24.healthe w ounded and rescue the dyi ng 救死扶伤
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[背名言佳句]
1.Fi rst ai di s very essenti al to l i fe, especi al l y w hen peopl e suddenl y fal li l lor get i nj ured . 在生活中,急救非常重要,特别是在有人突发疾病或受伤 的时候。

2.I n ti m e of danger, you m ust keep cal m to sol ve the probl em . 危急时刻,应该保持镇静以解决问题 。
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3.S he w as advi sed to take the m edi ci ne every four hours. 有人劝说她每四小时服一次药。

4.I f you are i n a house that i s on fi re, you shoul d soak a tow el i n w ater and cover your m outh and nose, bend dow n and run out of the pl ace that i s on fi re. 如果你所在的房子着火了,你应该用水把毛巾浸湿, 用湿 毛巾捂住嘴和鼻子,弯下身子,跑出着火的房屋。

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[背范文佳作]

话题
写作模板

急救

体裁

说明文

学习急救的原因——不同的急救措施

D ear Li l y, Pl eased to recei ve your l etter. I thi nk w e have to l earn
som ethi ng about fi rst ai d , for unexpected acci dents often happen i n the dai l y l i fe , so here are som e suggesti ons on how to perform fi rst ai d on the vi cti m.
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If the person i s not breathi ng , you m ust try to start hi s/ her breath at once , using the rescue breathi ng. If the person i s bl eedi ng badl y, you m ust try to stop the bl eedi ng by applying pressure to the bl eedi ng poi nt and hol di t there.

If som eone i s bi tten by an ani m al , you had better wash hi s/ her w ound under col d runni ng w ater and go to see a doctor as soon as possible.
For the sl i ght kni fe w ound, you only need to w ash and cl ean i t, and then you can cover i tw i th a pi ece of cl ean cl oth.

H ope to hear from you soon .

Y ours, M ary
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Ⅰ.单词默写
aid n.& vt. 1.___ temporary adj. 2.__________ squeeze vt.& vi. 3._______ pour vt.& vi. 4._____
帮助;援助;资助

暂时的;临时的
榨;挤;压榨

倒;灌;注;涌

bleeding n.出血;渗色 adj.流 bleed vi.& vt.流血→________ 5.______
blood n.血 血的;同情的→______
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poison n.毒药;毒害 vt.毒害;使中毒→_________ poisonous adj.有 6.______

毒的;恶毒的
variety n.变化;多样(化);多变(性)→________ various adj.各种各 7._______ vary v.改变;使多样化 样的→______

mildly adv.轻微地; mild adj.轻微的;温和的;温柔的→______ 8._____
温和地

swollen adj.肿胀的 swell vi.& vt.(使)膨胀;隆起→_______ 9._____ tightly adv.紧地;牢牢地 tight adj.牢的;紧的;紧密的→______ 10._____
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firmly adv.坚固地; firm adj.(动作)稳定有力的;坚定的→______ 11.____
稳定地 brave adj.勇敢的 bravery n.勇敢;勇气→_____ 12._______

treatment n. treat vt.& vi.治疗; 13. _____ 对待; 款待 n.款待; 招待→_________ 治
疗;疗法;对待;待遇

apply vt.涂;敷;搽;应用;运用 vi.申请;请求;使用; 14.______ applicationn.申请(书) applicant n.申请人→__________ 有效→_________ infectious adj.传染性的→_____ infect vt.感染,传染→_________ infection 15._________
n.感染
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活学活用——用所给词的适当形式填空

treat themselves in their own way before they 1.People had to _____ treatment sent by the government.(treat) received the _________

applicants have handed in their 2.I don’t know why so many _________ applying the applications to apply ___________ _____ for such an easy job: _________
ointment (药膏) to the wound.(apply)

brave 3. The _____boys were rewarded with medals for their bravery _______
in the earthquake.(bravery)
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variety of reasons, and there are 4.People study yoga for a ________

various ways of solving the problem.(variety) _______
injury to his injured in the car accident.The ______ 5.Tom got badly _______
leg was really serious.(injury)

swollen with the heavy rain.My ankles tend to 6.The river is _______ swell when the rain season comes.(swell) _____

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ankle 意为“踝”,写出下列表示身体部位的单词 skin n. 1._____ 皮肤 2._____ 手腕 wrist n. stomach n. 3._______ 胃;腹部

4.________ shoulder n. tongue n. 5._______

肩膀

舌头
腰 膝盖

waist n. 6._____ knee n. 7._____ finger n. 8._____
9._____ elbow n.

手指 手肘
胸部
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breast n. 10.______
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Ⅱ.短语活用

根据汉语提示写出短语

first aid 1._______ fall ill 2.______ electric shock 3.____________ take off 4._______ squeeze out 5.___________ over and over again 6._________________ in place 7._______
英语

(对伤患者的)急救

生病

触电;电休克

脱下;起飞
榨出;挤出
反复;多次
在适当的位置;适当
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a number of 8.___________ put one’s hands on 9.__________________ make a difference 10.________________ sprained ankle 11._____________ present sb.with sth. 12._________________ catch fire 13._________ stick to 14._______ cause/do damage to 15._________________ the sense of touch 16.________________
英语

若干;许多 找到
区别对待;有影响;起(重要)作用

扭伤的脚踝
赠予某人某物

着火
坚持;贴在

使??受到危害/损害
触觉
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活学活用——选用上述词语填空

A number of guests who came from home and abroad 1.____________
attended their wedding.

put his hands on the things 2. Sometimes it’ s very difficult to _______________
that one is looking for.

fell ill because she 3.Arriving in London, she suddenly _______
couldn’t bear the changeable weather.

in place . 4.I hope you will put all your books________

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make a difference and 5.I’m sure that our hard work can ________________
everything will be OK.

6.It was so hot that he was sweating a lot and his shirt was

sticking to his back. _________

put my hands on the books you want. 7.I’m afraid I can’t _______________ was presented with the 8.Basketball Lakers guard Bryant _________________
NBA finals MVP.

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Ⅲ.长难句分析
Remove clothing using scissors if necessary unless it is stuck to the burn.
复合句 。 [结构分析] 这是一个_______ 主句 Remove clothing using

祈使句 , it is , unless scissors if necessary 用了_______ if 后省略了_____
引导条件状语 ________从句。
[尝试翻译]

除非衣服紧贴在烧伤面上,否则要把衣服脱掉。如果需要的 _____________________________________________________
_________________ 话,可以使用剪刀。

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Ⅳ.课文重温
1.仔细阅读课文“First Aid For Burns”,写出文章的主旨大意。

The passage tells us about the function of the skin, 答案:_______________________________________________ introduces three types of burns and gives us some advice on ______________________________________________________ how to give first aid according to the characteristics of ______________________________________________________ different burns. ________________

2.根据课文内容用适当的词填空,使短文完整。 against disease, poisons The skin, which acts as a barrier ①_______

and the sun’s harmful rays, is an essential part of your body. So if your skin gets burned it can be very serious.Depending on
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which layers of the skin are burned, they are called first, ②______
second, third degree burns.First degree burns make an effect

on only the top layer of the skin and it turns white when ③___ pressed (press).Second degree burns include severe sunburn ④_______ caused (cause) by hot liquids.Third degree burns and burns ⑤______
cause little or no pain if nerves are damaged; may be pain around edge of injured area.If possible, we should do some first

unless it aid.First, remove clothing using scissors if necessary ⑥______
is stuck to the burn.Take off other clothing near the burn.
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but not icy water Cool burns immediately with cool ⑦____ unbearable (bear) and which prevents the pain becoming ⑧__________ out from reduces swelling.It is helpful to squeeze cool cloths ⑨____
a basin and place them on the burned area over and over

in place with tape if necessary.Lastly, again.Hold the bandage ⑩__
it is vital that we should get the victim to the doctor or hospital at once if the situation becomes worse and worse.

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1.aid n.& vt.帮助;援助;资助
[教材P33原句] First aid is a temporary form of help given

to someone who suddenly falls ill or gets injured before a doctor can be found. 急救就是在找到医生之前给突然生病或受伤的人给予临时性 的帮助。

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(1)do/offer/give/perform/carry out first aid to sb. 对某人进行急救 with the aid of sb.= with sb.’s aid in aid of go/come to one’s aid (2)aid sb.in sth./doing sth. aid sb.with sth. aid sb.to do sth. 在某人的帮助下 为了援助 援助某人 在某方面帮助某人 以某事/物帮助某人 帮助某人做某事

[解读高考] Knowing basic firstaid techniques will help you respond quickly to emergencies.(2013· 福建高考单项填空) 知道基本的急救技巧能帮你对紧急事件快速做出反应。
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活学活用——介词填空 With the aid of our teacher, we finished the experiment ①_____
successfully.

in aid of the sick. ②They collect much money ___ in finance since the accident ③The local community has aided us ___
happened.

to his aid immediately. ④If anybody turns to him, he will come ___
2.vital adj.至关重要的;生死攸关的

[教材P35原句] If the injuries are second or third degree burns, it is vital to get the victim to the doctor or hospital at once. 如果是二度或者三度烧伤,至关重要的是把伤者立刻送去看医生 或送往医院。
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be vital to/for It is vital to do sth. It is vital that ...

??是至关重要的(to为介词) 做??很重要 ??是十分重要的(从句中要用 should+do虚拟结构, should可省略)

[解读高考] While fighting world hunger continues to be the matter of vital importance according to a recent report from the World Health Organization (WHO), more people now die from being overweight.(2013· 湖北高考阅读C) 根据WHO最近的报告,虽然和全球饥饿作斗争仍将是极为重 要的问题,但是现在更多的人却死于过度肥胖。
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活学活用——完成下列句子
success ①Having a goal is vital to_______.(2013· 广东高考阅读B) gaining =Having a goal is vital to ________(gain) success.
拥有一个目标对成功是至关重要的。

It’s vital to believe in IT professionals.(2013· ②___________ 湖北高考阅读D)
相信IT专家很重要。

should never lower safety standards as life is ③It’s vital that we _________________
the most important in the world. 我们绝不降低安全标准是至关重要的,因为在世界上生命是最宝 贵的。
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3.apply vt.涂;敷;搽;应用;运用 vi.申请;请求;使用;有效

[教材P38原句] He slowed the bleeding by applying pressure to the wounds until the police and ambulance arrived. 他使劲地按住伤口,使血流得慢些,一直等到警察和救护车的 到来。

(1)apply sth.to apply oneself to apply to apply (to ...) for ... (2)applicant n. application n.
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把??涂到??;把??运用到?? 致力于;集中精力于 适应于?? (向??)申请?? 申请人 申请;申请书;适用
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活学活用A——选用上述词语填空
applying for new job. ①He has a good heart, but always feared ___________a
(2013· 山东高考阅读A) 他是个好心人,却一直害怕应聘新的工作。

②Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of

apply to you. consequential damages, so this exclusion may not ________
(2013· 上海高考阅读B) 美国有些州并不允许排除或限制间接损失,因此上述的排除可 能不适用于你。
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apply yourself to the job in hand, you’ll soon finish it. ③If you _______________
如果你全心投入手头的工作,你很快就能完成它。

活学活用B——用apply的适当形式填空

applied to In order to further my study abroad, I have ④__________
for postgraduate study.As the saying goes, four universities ____ apply to where there is a will, there is a way.I hope it can ⑤_________ apply myself to study,hoping to make me.If I succeed, I will ⑥___________
contributions to my future career.

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4.present n.礼物;目前adj.在场;出席;当前的v.颁发;授予; 赠给;提出;介绍

[教材P38原句] John was presented with his reward at a ceremony which recognized the bravery of ten people who had saved the life of another. 在颁奖大会上,约翰被授予奖赏,大会表彰了挽救别人生命的 十个人的勇敢行为。 present sth.to sb.

授予/赠给某人某物 授予/赠给某人某物 目前;现在 暂时;暂且 出席;到场

present sb.with sth. at present for the present be present at
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[解读高考] ①Bill Bosworth presents the highlights of his 83 years of life.
(2013· 陕西高考阅读A) (在他的书里),Bill Bosworth介绍了他83年生活中的精粹部分。
②The boy looked at his father hopefully because he thought his father had brought him a present.(2013· 陕西高考单词拼写) 小男孩满怀希望地看着他爸爸,因为他以为他爸爸给他带来了 一个礼物。

[名师指津] present作形容词,表示“在场;出席的”,只能用 作后臵定语或表语。
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活学活用——完成下列句子 was presented with (被授予) the title of “hero of bus ①Wu Bin _________________
driver”.

presented the teacher with ②On the day Joe graduated, he __________________________
(把??赠给了老师) his most precious possession — the picture of bright yellow sun.(2013· 重庆高考完形A)

present a report to (呈递报告给) ③The general manager will ________________
the Board of Directors (董事会) of the company.

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5.fall ill生病

[教材P33原句]

First aid is a temporary form of help given

to someone who suddenly falls ill or gets injured before a doctor can be found. 急救就是在找到医生之前给突然病倒或受伤的人给予临时性 的救助。

fall asleep fall behind fall silent fall in love with sb.(sth.)
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入睡;睡着 落后;掉到 安静下来 爱上某人(某物)
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[名师指津] fall ill短语中的fall为连系动词,意为“进入??状 态;变为”。
活学活用——用fall的相关词语完成下列小片段

fell behind fell in love with (爱上) a boy so that she ②_________ Lily ①______________
(落后) others in her studies.In fact, she became so tired of all her

fall asleep (睡着) immediately she saw subjects that she would ③__________
the textbooks.If her teacher asked her why she hadn ’t handed

had fallen ill (生病) in her homework, she would lie that she ④___________
the day before and couldn’t do any work.
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6.in place在适当的位置;适当

[教材P35原句] Hold the bandage in place with tape. 用胶布把绷带固定。

(1)out of place in place of in the first place (2)take place take one’s place take the place of
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不在适当位臵;不合适 代替;取代 首先;第一点 发生 就座;代替 代替;取代
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[解读高考] Firstly I collected all the books, newspapers and other things scattered in the rooms and put them in place. (2013· 陕西高考书面表达) 首先,我把散落在房间的所有书、报纸和其他东西收拾好,放 回原处。

[名师指津] take place作“发生”讲时,无被动语态。
活学活用——完成下列句子

in place . Otherwise, it will be ①You’d better put things back ________
difficult to find them. 你最好把你的东西放回原位,不然很难找到。
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②They focus not on how famous they are but on what they love

in the first place . to do or whatever made them famous_______________
(2013· 北京高考阅读C) 他们首先关注的不是他们有多出名,而是他们喜欢做的事或是 起初让他们成名的事。

place each ③The Young Inspirations mentoring sessions take _________
Friday in Banbury.(2013· 福建高考阅读E) Young Inspirations导师制论坛每个星期五在Banbury举行。

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7.make a difference区别对待;有影响;起(重要)作用

[教材P38原句] It shows that a knowledge of first aid can make a real difference. 这说明了急救知识的确能发挥重要的作用。

(1)make no/some difference (to sb./sth.) (对某人/物)没有(有些)作用或影响 (2)tell the difference (between A and B) 辨别;区分(A和B)

[解读高考] A pair of gloves may be a small thing, but it can make a big difference in winter.(2013· 新课标全国卷Ⅱ完形) 一双手套虽然是微不足道的东西,但在冬天却能起重要作用。
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活学活用A——完成下列句子
①Thank you so much for making me feel important and

make a difference . showing me that I could ________________
谢谢你让我觉得自己很重要,让我知道我可以产生影响。

makes no difference to me what you say. ②It ____________________
你说什么对我都没关系。

tell the difference between two ③Amusic people often cannot ________________________
songs.(2013· 上海高考阅读A) 音痴很难分辨出两首歌的不同。
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活学活用B——高考作文高级表达
④与此同时,我认为保持环境的清洁和有益于健康是我的职 责。从此以后,我不仅不会到处丢垃圾吐痰,而且无论何时都 会帮忙清理路边的垃圾。我希望我的行为能起到作用。 (2013· 安徽高考书面表达) Meanwhile, I’ll regard it as my duty to help keep our ___________________________________________________

environment clean and healthy.Not only will I keep from _______________________________________________________ littering and spitting anywhere, I will also help clean up the _______________________________________________________ roadside litter whenever possible.I hope my behavior will make _______________________________________________________ a difference. ___________
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1.The functions of your skin are also very complex:it keeps you warm or cool;it prevents your body from losing too much water;it is where you feel cold,heat or pain and it gives you your sense of touch. 皮肤的功能也十分复杂。皮肤还可以保暖和御寒,保持体内 水分。正是皮肤使你感到冷、热、疼痛,它还使你有触觉。

[句型结构]

在it is where ...句式中,where引导的是表语从句,相当于 the place where。
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[句型仿写]
①家庭是你可以获得安宁的地方。 where you can have a peaceful time . Home is_________________________________

②在我讲这些的时候,Lise专注地听着,然后说:“因此这 是我生命的起源地,这是我所属于的地方。” (2013· 福建高考完形) Lise listens attentively as I talk and then says, “ So this is where I began; where I belong .” ___________________________ 2.So as you can imagine, if your skin gets burned, it can be very

serious. 因此,你可以想象得到,如果你的皮肤烧伤了,这可能非常 严重。
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[句型结构] as ...“正如/就像??”,as引导非限制性定语从句,指代整个主
句的内容。
[句型仿写]——高考作文高级表达
①众所周知,好的学习习惯可以使你的学习走向成功。作为学 生,我们应该更重视我们在学习中形成的习惯。 (2013· 四川高考书面表达) As we all know, good learning habits can you’re your study to ________________________________________________________

success.As a student, we should pay more attention to our habits ________________________________________________________ which we develop in our study. ____________________________
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②我们都知道,博物馆已成功地举办过很多国内外的展览,他 们的宣传和组织经验是其他机构没办法比的;并且,他们的员 工经验丰富而且很专业。(2013· 上海高考写作)
As we know, the museum has successfully held many national _______________________________________________________ and international exhibitions and its advertising and organizing _______________________________________________________ experience is of no match; also its staff is qualified and _______________________________________________________ professional. ____________

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3.Do you think it is worthwhile to take a course in first aid? 你认为选修急救这门课值得吗?
[句型结构]
It is worthwhile (for sb.) to do ...“(某人)值得做??”。
[句型仿写]
为了进入名牌大学,全力以赴是值得的。
it’s worthwhile for us To be admitted into a key university,_____________________ to go all out . ____________

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4.John was studying in his room when he heard a screaming. 约翰正在房间里做功课,突然听到一声尖叫。
[句型结构] when为并列连词,意为“这时”,相当于and then。when作
并列连词用时,构成并列句,意为“就在这时,恰恰在这 时”,多用在下列句型中: be doing ...when ...

正在??这时?? 正打算做??这时?? 正要??这时?? 刚做了??这时?? 正要??这时??
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be about to do ...when ... be just going to do ...when ... had just done ...when ... be on the point of doing ...when ...
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句型活学活用——用本单元句型翻译下列小片段
如你所知,我从小就渴望成为一名救生员(lifeguard)。我认为在 这里能为社会做出贡献,所以,如有可能,我想接受培训以掌握 一些急救知识。毫无疑问,救生员会遇到危险,但只要我的工作 能帮助他人脱险,我的冒险就是值得的。 As you know, I have been dreaming of becoming a 答案:_________________________________________________ lifeguard since I was a child.I think it is where I can contribute to _______________________________________________________ the society, so if possible, I’d like to have a training to have a good _______________________________________________________
knowledge of first aid.There is no doubt that a lifeguard will face _______________________________________________________ dangers, but it is worthwhile to take the risk so long as I can help _______________________________________________________ others out of danger. ____________________
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用本单元词汇和句型翻译下列短文
今天凌晨,所有的人还在熟睡,一座大楼突然起火(on fire)。 人们从睡梦中惊醒,惊慌失措(panic)。有人被挤伤(squeeze),有 人被烧伤(get burnt),很多人因吸入浓烟而昏倒(unconscious)。幸 好医护人员及时赶到,给他们实施急救(first aid)。消防员一次又 一次地(over and over again)进入燃烧的大楼救人。最后在消防员 的努力下,大火被扑灭(put out)。

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Early this morning, all the people were sound asleep when 答案:_________________________________________________ a building was on fire.People were woken from sleep, frightened ________________________________________________________ and in a panic.Some people got injured because of being squeezed, ________________________________________________________ while some got burned in the fire.Still a large number of people ________________________________________________________ fell unconscious because they breathed in thick smoke.Fortunately, ________________________________________________________ the medical workers came just in time to give them first aid.The ________________________________________________________ firefighters entered the burning building over and over again to ________________________________________________________ rescue people.Finally, with the firefighters’ efforts, the fire was ________________________________________________________ put out. ________
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读写任务摘要写作之(三)——如何写好议论文的摘要 [写作技法指导]

议论文包括论点、论据、论证三部分,所以在写议论文的 摘要时也要扣住这些要素。议论文常见的两种文章结构:
1.“对比观点式”议论文

通常有两种不同的观点,而且都有各自的理由。写摘要时 要将观点和理由按文章的顺序用精炼的语言组织起来。

2.“观点—论据—论证”式议论文

找出文章的主题句、论据以及结论,再用自己的语言进行 加工处理。
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[即时演练提升]
阅读下列短文,分别用大约30词概括文段大意。 A Stress is a reaction, physical, mental, or emotional, to demands or changes in your life.Everyone is affected by stressful situations.The events that cause stress cover a whole range of situations — everything from physical danger to making a class presentation or taking a test on your toughest subject. The stress response is critical during emergency situations, such as when a driver has to stop the car to avoid an accident.It can also be good when the pressure is on but there’s no actual danger — like getting ready to go to a big dance, or sitting down for a final exam.A little of this stress can help keep you ready to rise to a challenge.
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Although just enough stress can be a good thing, stress overload is a different story — too much stress is not good for anyone.For example, feeling a little stress about a test that’s coming up can motivate you to study hard, but stressing out too much over the test can make it hard to concentrate on the material you need to learn.
Nowadays, everyone suffers from stress, which is 答案:___________________________________________ the way we react to some certain events in life.A little stress is ______________________________________________________ a good thing for us, but too much of it is harmful. 对比观点式) __________________________________________(
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B Homework, when used well, can be a great tool for a student
and should be a magic key for a teacher.If used and completed in a right way, anyway it can benefit most students at school. Homework encourages students to review and practice the

materials before the next class or tests.Even under no pressure, they can understand materials by teaching themselves.If homework hasn’t been assigned, students may always ask their teacher for schoolwork later.Or, they have to memorize lessons mechanically.Even some can feel ashamed of what occasional questions cannot be answered in class when they skip out on homework.
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In fact, homework can be a powerful problemsolving aid to teachers.They can use the assignment to judge how effectively they teach their students in class.
No doubt, all students are different, and they can learn better through their own different methods.If really so, teachers need a unique challenge to offer a lesson plan which provides the greatest benefit to all their students.Some students learn better through handson activities, some through reading, some through hearing its explanation, but others still learn more from doing homework by themselves.
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In brief, homework can be a great benefit for most students in a general view.
Homework is a useful tool which benefits both 答案:___________________________________________ students and teachers because it encourages students to review _____________________________________________________ what they learn and helps teachers judge their _____________________________________________________ teaching.Despite the various learning styles, homework is _____________________________________________________ beneficial. (观点—论据—论证式) _________

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“创新体验高考亮剑”见 “课时跟踪检测(二十 五)”(进入电子文档)

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谢谢观看

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