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2016重庆房地产职业学院单招测试题(含答案解析)


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【内容来自于相关网站和学校提供】(考试时间:90 分钟 满分:100 分) 选择题(每题 4 分,共 100 分):

第 1 题:— Do you think she has a healthy lifestyle?—Yes, _____. A. she has 【正确答案】C 讲解:一般疑问句用什么问,就用什么答。这里用 do 问,要用 do 答。且人称需要发 生变化。把关于《你》的词变成关于《我》的词。选 C B. you do C. I do D.she does

第 2 题:(A)We're (B)tired now.(C) What about (D)have a rest, sir?

【正确答案】D 讲解:D. have a rest 改为 having a rest 。应为 about 是介词

第 3 题:Which of the following statements is NOT true about King's College? A. Students at all levels can take part in the program.B. Visits to museums and culture centers are part of the program.C. The training program is run every year.D. Only the teachers of King's College give courses.

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【正确答案】C 讲解:【解析】.细节理解题,根据文中语句《King's College Summer School is an annual( 每年的) training program for high school students at all levels who want to improve their English.》理解可知。A C 正确。Courses are given by the teachers of King's College and other colleges in New York. 可知 D 错误。Trips to museums and culture centers are also organized. 可知 C 正确。

第 4 题:Online learning is being widely ________ to help adults further their education. A. performed 【正确答案】B 讲解:网上学习已经被广泛采用来帮助成年人进行继续教育。adoptv.采用;收养;接 受.选 B B. adopted C. complained D. inspected

第 5 题:_____ still needs to be discussed. A. How is the plan to be carried out B. How the plan is to be carried outC. Why is the plan carried out D. Why the plan carried out 【正确答案】B 讲解:【解析】主语从句,且时态为一般现在时。可排除 ACD。这个计划如何被实施 仍旧需要讨论。

第 6 题:We are going to have a party tonight. A.in the future 【正确答案】B 讲解:in the future 在未来 this evening 今晚 in the open 在户外,在野外 tomorrow 明 天 B.this evening C.in the open D.tomorrow

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第 7 题:He did the work all by herself, ______ surprised all of us. A it 【正确答案】B 讲解:【解析】非限制性定语从句,which 指代前面这件事情。选 B B which C that D by which

第 8 题:下列有关文意的理解分析,不正确的一项是 (

)

A.作者认为史书以劝惩为目的,好事则褒之,坏事则贬之,以此来树立好的风气,惩 恶扬善,使那些乱臣贼子不敢轻易做坏事。B.作者引用了东汉末年流行于京都洛阳的 童谣:“直如弦,死道边;曲如钩,反封侯。”以此来说明行君子之德的不易。C.作 者认为董狐是幸运的。他因受到孔子的赞扬,赵盾虽然不同意他对自己弑君的记载, 但也没有刁难他,伤害他。D.作者用张俨著《嘿记》,秘藏不宣;东晋孙盛写了两个 不同版本的《晋阳秋》,以此来逃避灾祸,说明直书之难的。 【正确答案】C 讲解:理解分析错误。董狐是幸运的,但不是因为孔子的赞扬,赵盾才不刁难他,伤 害他的。

第 9 题: Passage A

Every morning, the newspaper chief editor(主编) holds a

meeting with the reporters. They discuss the main events(事件) of the day. Reporters are then sent to cover the events. As soon as the reporters know what to write about, they get down to work. They telephone people and fix a time for a face-to-face interview with them. Sometimes they do telephone interviews. 、 Checking information is very important. They go to the newspaper's own library to look up any information that they need. This is called 《doing one's homework》. At the same time, the picture editor decides which photographs will be used for the next day's paper. All the people who work on a newspaper must be able to work fast. Reporters have to stop working on one story and start working at once on the important new one. They must find out the new information as quickly as possible. Later in the day, everything is put together at the news desk. Reporters return, type their stories into the computer and hand them to the editor. The chief editor decides which will be the most important story on the front page. Sometimes this will have to be changed if something more important happens late in the day. Other editors read the stories which the reporters have written and make any necessary changes. Finally, there is no more time left for adding new stories, and the time for printing(印刷) the newspaper has come. This is done on fast-moving printing

考单招——上高职单招网
machines. The newspapers are then delivered(发送) by truck, plane or rail. Speed is important. People want to buy the latest newspaper; nobody wants to buy yesterday's. What is the work in a newspaper office like? A. Interesting and confusingB. Important and patient.C. Particular and necessary.D. Fast and busy. 【正确答案】D 讲解:D 推理判断题。结合 As soon as At the same time as quickly as possible 和 no more time left 等词可知报社办公室内的工作是高速而繁忙的。

第 10 题:The school rules state that no child shall be allowed out of the school during the day ______ he has got the class teacher’s permission. A. unless 【正确答案】A 讲解:根据句义:学校规定孩子们白天不被允许离开学校,除非有班主任的批准。选 A B. when C. if D. while

第 11 题:What will continuation classes mean?__________. A. Education plays a very important part in our society.B. The students will become even more tired.C. The knowledge of the students will be enlarged.D. The students will get used. 【正确答案】B 讲解:Any more courses will only make them tiresome instead of helping them to progress in their studies. 选 B

第 12 题:The A.second 【正确答案】A B.first

month of the year is February. C.two D.one

讲解:解析:序数词用法。一年的第二个月是二月。选 A

考单招——上高职单招网

第 13 题:

在某地区,数百万亩的树木受吉普赛蛾幼虫大规模侵扰而掉叶,这是一

种周期性现象。在研究这些虫害突发现象时,科学家发现受影响的树木将有毒的化学 物质,主要是笨酚,释放到叶子中,这些物质抑制蛾幼虫的生长,并减少雌蛾产卵的 数量。同时,苯酚还使蛾卵变小,从而抑制了来年蛾幼虫的生长,因为卵的数量与蛾 的个头大小直接相关,而蛾的个头又取决于它的幼虫时期获取营养的程度。因此,树 木的防御机制会对吉普赛蛾的生殖力产生影响。 此外,吉普赛蛾也易于受到核酸多 角体病毒即所谓萎蔫病毒的攻击,这种病毒在蛾幼虫突发的年份是蛾幼虫的重要杀手。 蛾幼早吞食了带有病毒(被包裹在一个蛋白质小球体中)的叶子,便患上萎蔫病,而 被摄入的蛋白质小球便溶化,释放出数以千计的病毒或病毒体,经过大约两周时间, 繁殖至足够的数量,填满蛾幼虫的整个体腔。蛾幼虫死去时,病毒体被释放出来,并 被包裹在一个从蛾幼早的组织中合成的新蛋白质小球休中,等待被其他蛾幼虫吞食。 苯酚经常通过与蛋白质结合从而改变蛋白质的活性而发挥作用,因此,科学家重点研 究了同时摄入病毒和树叶对蛾幼虫产生的影响。他们发展,含有大量苯酚的橡树叶, 其病毒对蛾幼虫的杀伤力远远小于苯酚含量较低的白杨树叶。一般而言,树叶中苯酚 含量越高,病毒就越缺乏致命的杀伤力。因此,虽然苯酚可抑制蛾幼虫生长,但正是 这些苯酚也能使萎蔫病毒丧失能力,从而帮助蛾幼虫存活。橡树叶含有大量苯酚,能 为蛾幼虫提供一个安全兹护所,不受萎蔫病的影响;然而,在以白杨为主的树丛中, 处于初级阶段的吉普赛蛾突发态势很快地被病毒流行病所抑制。 深入研究表明,蛾 幼虫对萎蔫病毒产生免疫,这与它们赖以生存的树木的愈发严重的掉叶现象相关。树 木自身的防御反而提高了蛾幼虫受萎蔫病毒感染的阈值(临界值),致使蛾幼虫种群 日趋密集,但与此同时却不会变得更加易受病毒感染。由于这些原因,摄入苯酚给蛾 幼虫带来的益处似乎超过了它们付出的代价。 下列对苯酚作用的理解,不正确的一项 是( ) A.苯酚可使吉普赛蛾的生殖变弱,蛾卵变小,蛾幼虫的数量减少。B.苯酚能抑制吉普 赛蛾幼虫生长,而对吉普赛蛾的天敌萎蔫病毒杀伤力更大。C.树木受到蛾幼虫侵扰时 会释放出苯酚,苯酚能够改变幼虫蛋白质活性。D.蛾虫病大量爆发的情况下,带有萎 蔫病毒的树木释放过量的苯酚不如少量的好。 【正确答案】B 讲解:此题考查筛选并整合文中信息的能力。B 项的后半句不正确,从文章第二段首 句可知,萎蔫病毒是吉普赛蛾幼虫的天敌,而不是吉普赛蛾的天敌。另外,从文章第

考单招——上高职单招网
三段可知,苯酚对萎蔫病毒的杀伤力与苯酚的含量成反比,不能笼统地说苯酚对萎蔫 病毒的杀伤力更大。A、C、D 三项均能于文中找到依据,理解正确。

第 14 题:Did you _________ at the party? A. played 【正确答案】C 讲解:一般疑问句中,助动词 Do 的适当形式在前,实意动词需还原。选 C B. pleased C. have a good time D.make

第 15 题: Passage B There are over 800 boarding (寄) schools in the UK with students from home and foreign countries. Boarding schools started hundreds of years ago in the country. But the earliest boarding schools were set up for white, rich boys only. Now both boys and girls can go to boarding schools from the age of 7 to 18. What to do In the UK, boarding schools have three terms in a school year, with about 13 weeks in each term. Students study and live together. They can't go outside if they are not allowed to. In some schools, each student has his or her subject plan. Besides the usual classrooms and laboratories, the boarding schools have lots of other facilities for their students, including music rooms, boats, swimming pools, cinemas and theatres. Most boarding schools have a 《light out》 time. So when it's time to go to bed, all the lights in the bedrooms are turned off. There are house-masters to take care of students all the time, especially after school hours. What to wear Nearly all students at boarding schools wear a school uniform. Boys usually wear a shirt and a tie, and girls wear a white blouse, sometimes also a tie and a skirt. As students get older, the rules become less strict. _______________ In the UK, boarding schools provide students with delicious food. They can choose to have a full English breakfast or simply bread. They can also choose between a meal with no meat and another meal at lunch and dinner. And there is always self-service for salad (沙拉), other side dishes and a dessert. Students can also make themselves something to eat at any time in a kitchen, or drink tea or have a snack between meals. Which of the following is TRUE according to (根据) the passage? A. Only white children were allowed to attend the earliest boarding schools.B. Students in a boarding school are looked after only after school hours.C. As students get older, the rules about wearing school uniforms become stricter.D. Students can have different activities in a boarding school. 【正确答案】D 讲解:解析:判断正误。the earliest boarding schools were set up for white, rich boys only. Now both boys and girls can go to boarding schools from the age of 7 to

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18.可知 A 错误。 Students study and live together. They can't go outside if they are not allowed to. B 错误。As students get older, the rules become less strict.可知 C 错 误。根据第二段 what to do 可知,D 正确。

第 16 题:下列理解和分析,不符合原文意思的一项是(

)

A.为了控制 PM2.5 的浓度,整治工地扬尘、餐饮油烟污染,限制使用燃煤锅炉,加 强清洁作业,处理好生活垃圾等措施是不可或缺的。B.要想整治好交通污染,必须优 先发展公共交通网络,禁止私车发展,以求达到减少汽车尾气排放的目标。C.在工业 领域一定要开展工业生产项目的环境评价准入制度,加大对大气污染排放企业的监控, 也可以适当地采取停产、限产措施。D.为了更好地控制 PM2.5 的浓度,制定适应我 国国情的空气污染防控法案是必然的趋势。 【正确答案】B 讲解:回答此题,可先在原文中找出各选项内容的相关文字,再逐一进行比对。原文 是“抑制”私车,不是“禁止”,答案偷换概念。

第 17 题:一 Excuse me ,but could I trouble you for some change?一 ________ Will pennies do? A.Let me see. mention it. 【正确答案】A 讲解:不好意思,你能给我换点零钱吗?让我看看啊,便士可以吗?选 A B.I'm sure C.You're welcome D.Never

第 18 题:—Classical music is ________ than pop music now.—I agree with you. A. a little popular 【正确答案】B 讲解:解析:多音节比较级前加 more/less,a little 和 much 修饰比较级。选 B B. less popular C. much popular

考单招——上高职单招网
第 19 题:A.over B.besides C.with D.like

【正确答案】C 讲解:这么美味的汤应该配上面包和蛋糕。用 with

第 20 题:According to the passage. What does continental Breakfast include? A. Dessert and coffeeB. Fruit and vegetables.C. bread and fruit juice D. Centre and cold meat. 【正确答案】C 讲解:【解析】细节理解题。定位关键词 Breakfast include 。由 Continental Breakfast which normally consists of fruit juice, cereal(谷物类食品),bread and tea or coffee. Cheese, fruit and cold meat are not normally 可知答案。


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