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2015学年 第一学期


本试卷分为第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题)两部分,满分 120 分,考试时间 2 小时。 考试结束后,将答题卷上交。 第 I 卷(选择题,共 80 分) 第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节:单项填空(共 20 小题;每小题

0.5 分,满分 10 分) 从 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该选 项标号涂黑。 1. The rising house price and the high income taxation rate have become the biggest _____ of people today. A. concern B. influence C. involvement D. occupation 2. We should work together to build a society for kids, ______ free from war and violence. A. one B. this C. it D. that 3. ----Our headmaster has put forward ______ most challenging question for us to answer. ---- Yes, it really is. I’ve never heard ______ harder one. A. the; a B. /; the C. the; the D. a; a 4. His red clothes stood out clearly ______ the snow, so I recognized him at first sight. A. in B. on C. against D. above 5. The latest research shows that mothers play a key role in their children ’s growth, ______ in rich families. A. definitely B. particularly C. totally D. specifically 6. Nowadays it is ______ of a young generation to take it for granted that parents should meet whatever they desire. A. typical B. critical C. special D. universal 7. ---- You don’t seem to be quite yourself today. What’s wrong? ---- Oh, I’m suffering from a cold. Nothing serious ______. A. yet B. indeed C. anyway D. though 8. It is always easier to put off things we don’t enjoy doing than to ______ time for them. A. set aside B. take up C. put away D. give out 9. He finally found a hotel at the corner of the street ______ 60 dollars for a single room with bath. A. offering B. claiming C. demanding D. charging 10. We have been trying to train the young people who were hired last month, but they ______ their best to learn. A. were not doing B. didn’t do C. hadn’t done D. are not doing 11. When ______ to danger and conflict, men tend to increase blood pressure, ______ nervous and anxious. A. exposed; felt B. being exposed; feeling C. to be exposed; felt D. exposed; feeling 12. Easy as the problem is _____, I’m still worried about _____ another breakdown. A. worked out; there is B. to work out; there being C. working out; it is D. to be worked out; it being 13. A journal is not necessarily a reliable record of facts, for the writer ’s impressions ______ color the telling of events. A. must B. shall C. should D. might 14.---- Will you join us in the party this Saturday evening? ---- If I ______, I would; but I will have left for Japan on business by them. A. was free B. were to be free C. had been free D. would be free
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15. The professor had such a wonderful time there ______ his students held a party to celebrate his 50th wedding anniversary in a restaurant. A. that B. where C. when D. what 16. Not everything that is faced can be changed, but nothing can be changed ______ it is faced. A. though B. because C. until D. if 17. His promise ______ he would give away half of the year ’s income to the disabled turned out a lie, ______ made the public feel cheated. A. which; what B. that; which C. what; which D. which; that 18. I have never seen such a person before in my mind. ______, that was a long time ago. A. If so B. If any C. If ever D. I have 19. It wasn’t until I was much older ______ I found something ______ I would consider as evidence of my father ’s love. A. when; that B. that; when C. that; that D. when; where 20. ---- In my opinion, your sister is not fit to be a driver. ---- ______. She has no sense of direction. A. It depends B. That’s it C. It makes no difference D. It ’s up to you 第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 21--40 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中, 选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。 Many people spend their time focusing on what don’t have ---- on their ambitions or goals, or on the money they want to earn. They focus on what they 21 , and forget to notice and give thanks for what they have. I love the 22 of Thanksgiving ---- a day to 23 us to give thanks, and I wish it were 24 right across the world. Our lives would be 25 if we got into the habit of giving thanks, not just on one day of the year, but 26 day. Often a person with lots of 27 things finds it hard to understand why a person who has far less than he has seems to be 28 than him. The reason 29 ----the person who appears to have so much less 30 what he has. He appreciates it, and gives thanks for it, thus feeling cheerful and 31 . When we give thanks for what we have, we move forward in our lives with 32 , one step at a time, living our lives as they are meant to be lived. When we live our lives with thanks, we focus on doors that are 33 , and doors that may seem closed often open up. However, when we put the 34 on what we don’t have, we got anxious and worried about it. We 35 to move forward. We tend to get 36 with trying to open the doors that are not open for us at that time. And when we do this, we get into a cycle of 37 ,feeling we will never get what we want. This feeling will 38 us from noticing, let alone appreciating, the 39 that are already in our lives. Gratitude is 40 a prayer---- a prayer that blesses not just you, but everyone in the world. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. A. have A. idea A. warn A. watched A. translated A. some A. useful A. happier B. earn B. reaction B. remind B. honored B. transformed B. every B. common B. healthier C. achieve C. sign C. persuade C. observed C. transplanted C. whole C. chemical C. cleaner D. lack D. signal D. push D. viewed D. transported D. either D. material D. stronger

29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40.

A. unique A. manages A. forgivable A. surprise A. empty A. patience A. refuse A. delighted A. stress A. protect A. joys A. in fact

B. mysterious B. cherishes B. aggressive B. gratitude B. large B. practice B. pretend B. stuck B. joy B. free B. experiences B. in time

C. considerate C. ignores C. content C. determination C. wide C. circle C. fail C. equipped C. success C. stop C. sadnesses C. on purpose

D. simple D. misses D. sensitive D. recognition D. open D. focus D. agree D. excited D. comfort D. distinguish D. thanks D. at last

第三部分:阅读理解(每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下面短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该选 项标号涂黑。

A Can people change their skin color without suffering like pop king Michael Jackson? Perhaps yes. Scientists have found the gene that determines skin color. The gene comes in two versions, one of which is found in 99 percent of Europeans. The other is found in 93 to 100 percent of Africans, researchers at Pennsylvania State University report in the latest issue of Science. Scientists have changed the color of a dark-striped zebra-fish (斑马鱼) to uniform gold by inserting a version of the pigment (色素) gene into a young fish. As with humans, zebra-fish skin color is determined by pigment cells, which contain melanin (黑色素). The number, size and darkness of melanin per pigment cell determine skin color. It appears that, like the golden zebra-fish, light-skinned Europeans also have a mutation (变异) in the gene for melanin production. This results in less pigmented skin. However, Keith Cheng, leader of the research team, points out that the mutation is different in human and zebra-fish genes. Humans acquired dark skin in Africa about 1.5 million years ago to protect bodies from ultra-violet rays of the sun(太阳光紫外线), which can cause skin cancer. But when modern humans leave Africa to live in northern latitudes, they need more sunlight on their skin to produce vitamin D. So the related gene changes, according to Cheng. Asians have the same version of the gene as Africans, so they probably acquired their light skin through the action of some other gene tha t affects skin color, said Cheng. The new discovery could lead to medical treatments for skin cancer. It also could lead to research into ways to change skin color without damaging it like chemical treatment did on Michael Jackson. 41. The passage mainly tells us that _____. A. people can not change their skin color without any pain. B. the new discovery could lead to research into ways to change skin color safely. C. pop king Michael Jackson often changed his skin color as he liked. D. scientists have found out that people’s skin color is determined by the gene.

42. It can be inferred from the passage that _______. A. nowadays people who want to change their skin color have to suffer a lot from the damage caused by the chemical treatment. B. Europeans and Africans have the same gene. C. the new discovery could help to find medical treatment for skin cancer. D. there are two kinds of genes. 43. Scientists have done an experiment on a dark-striped zebra-fish in order to ___. A. find the different genes of humans. B. prove the humans’ skin color is determined by the pigment gene. C. find out the reason why the African’s skin color is dark. D. find out the ways of changing people’s skin color. 44. The reason why Europeans are light-skinned is probably that ______. A. they are born light-skinned people. B. light-skinned Europeans have mutation in the gene for melanin production. C. they have fewer activities outside. D. they pay much attention to protecting their skin. 45. The writer ’s attitude towards the discovery is ______. A. neutral B. negative C. positive D. unconcerned B There’s an old saying, “ you are what you eat”. If you look at the average diet, we’re in trouble. The rise of the society, irregular work hours and a quickening pace of life have led the consumption of fast food to increase. Nearly one in four of the meals we eat are prepared outside the home and they tend to contain more fat, salt and sugar than the homemade food. Alongside the negative health outcomes of fast food are the environmental influences of industrialized food production and management of food waste. Slow Food is a global food network, founded in 1989 in Italy by food activist Carlo Petrini, which has grown to over 100,000 members across 153 countries, including 31 local branches within Australia. Slow food is good, clean and fair food. People who eat slow food believe that the food they eat should taste good; that it should be produced in a clean way that does not harm to the environment or our health; and that food producers should receive fair reward for their work. Slow food movement has arisen to fight against fast food and fast life, by encouraging us to revalue the time we spend in preparing, sharing, and consuming food. It aims to enhance the personal connection between food producers and consumers, and reduce our reliance on mass-produced foods purchased from supermarkets. It also advocates for environmental agricultural techniques and encourages the reduction of food additives. Perhaps most importantly, it attempts to show how we can revalue the time we spend on food so as to spend in quality food time for our personal ( mental and physical ) and collective ( social, cultural, and environmental ) benefits. Slow Food guides us to take the time to enjoy one of life’s daily pleasures. There’s no doubt that cooking and eating in general is a lot more enjoyable for l ife when we’re not slaves of time. “ Time” serves as a key factor for people’s interest in Slow Food as a form of reasonable

consumption, but also a key challenge in terms of adopting a Slow Food lifestyle. And that ’s why everybody is always in a hurry, because they don’t actually value that that’s an important thing to stop. Slowing down requires one to spend more time in educating oneself about food and then obtaining ethically produced food (放心食物). 46. The old saying is mentioned at the beginning of the passage to introduce a topic that ______. A. our average diet is in danger. B. fast food is a major problem. C. eating affects greatly on our life. D. quickening pace of life ruins our life. 47. Slow food movement was started to ______. A. advocate a new lifestyle. B. keep people free from illness C. help people obtain more delicious food. D. develop environmental agriculture techniques. 48. The underlined word “ enhance” (Paragraph 5) probably means “ _______”. A. decline B. strengthen C. break D. change 49. What actually prevents most people enjoying slow food is ______. A. a lack of free time B. addiction to fast food C. a lack of food materials D. too many daily pleasures 50. The main message conveyed in the passage is that ______. A. Slow Food has grown to be an influential organization. B. Slow Food is a new lifestyle with many benefits for people to follow. C. Sl ow Food has been accepted and recognized by quantities of people. D. consuming too much fast food may result in negative effects on people’s health C Nowadays colleges and universities are facing the same problem: online education. At my school, the University of Virginia, it came close to tearing the university apart. A few weeks ago, our president, Teresa A. Sullivan, was dismissed. One reason was that she was not moving forward fast enough on Internet learning. Stanford was offering online courses, Harvard, Yale and M.I.T. too. But Virginia, it seemed, was falling behind. But can online education ever be education of the very best sort? To deal with the issue, we need to understand exactly how students and teachers are related. As a friend and fellow professor said to me, “ You don’t just teach students, you have to learn them too.” With every class we teach, we need to learn who the people in front of us are. We need to know where they are intellectually, who they are as people and what we can do to help them grow. Teaching is a matter of dialogue. In summer Shakespeare course I’m teaching now, I’m constantly working to figure out what my students are able to do and how they can develop. Can they grasp the main plots? Is the language hard for them? Then we have to spend more time going over individual speeches word by word. Every memorable class is a bit like a jazz composition. It is controlled in many ways. We tend to think that the attractive lecturers were gifted actors who could manage 50 amazing minutes on the

stage. But I think that the best of those lecturers are highly skilled at reading their audiences. They use practical means to do this ---- tests and quizzes, paper and evaluations. But they are also expert at sensing the mood of a room. A large lecture class can also create a real learning community. Students will always be running across others from the same class, and they’ll break the ice with a chat about it and maybe they’ll go on from there. When a teacher hears a student say, “ My friends and I are always arguing about your class,” he knows he’s doing something right. From there he applies what he has learned to his teaching, adjusting his course in a skillful and immediate way that the Internet professor cannot easily match. Not long ago I watched an online course about the Bible. It was a very good course. There were Yale students on hand for the filming, but the class seemed addressed to no one in particular. In fact there was nothing you could get from that course that you couldn’t get from a good book on the subject. A truly memorable college class is cooperation between teachers and students. It’s a one-time-only event. If you’re highly motivated to learn, you can get knowledge from an Internet course. But in real courses the students and teachers come together and create an immediate and vital community of learning. A real course c reates intellectual joy, at least in some. I don’t think an Internet course ever will. Internet learning promises to make learning process more fruitless and abstract than it already is. 51. The writer mentions the dismissal of Teresa A. Sullivan at the beginning of the passage to ______. A. show the importance of online courses. B. introduce the issue about online education. C. illustrate Virginia’s falling behind in Internet learning. D. discuss t eachers’ different opinions on online learning. 52. According to Paragraph 2, the responsibility of a teacher lies in _____. A. understanding and teaching students through dialogue B. getting students involved in learning independently. C. teaching students without taking consideration of their needs. D. helping students grow up by offering learning guidance. 53. It can be learned from Paragraph 3 that the essential point of being a good lecturer is to ______. A. make the best of the lecture time on the stage. B. assess students’ learning by means of testing. C. understand students’ feelings and responses. D. promote learning by making specific rules. 54. Compared with a large lecture class, online courses ______. A. enable teachers to apply what he has learned from students to teaching. B. provide students with more communication opportunities. C. create fewer opportunities for students and teachers to experience learning joy. D. own more pote ntial possibilities to get students motivated. 55. The main purpose of the passage is to tell readers ______. A. the advantages of online courses.

B. the popularity of Internet learning. C. the revolution of Internet learning. D. the trouble with online education. D In many American schools the holiday celebrating Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s birthday is used as an opportunity to teach children about his life and legacy. But in too many of those same schools, Black children’s extraordinary talents are still being wasted today. Nearly three-quarters of Black fourth and eighth grade public school students cannot read or compute at grade level. Black students made up only 18 percent of students in public schools in 2009-2010 but were 40 percent of students who received one or more out-of-school suspensions(暂被停学). A black public school student is suspended every four seconds. Black students are more than twice as likely to drop out of school as White students. Each school day 763 Black high school students drop out. So I applaud the U.S. Departments of Education and Justice for their recent action to address harmful school discipline policies that push so many thousands of black children out of school each year and into the juvenile justice and adult prison pipeline. If the education system is to do its part in replacing it with a cradle to college, career and success pipeline, we must end the current practice where children in the greatest need are suspended from school mostly for non-violent offenses. These resources, officially known as “ guidance”, will help schools and districts meet their legal responsibility to protect students from discrimination on the basis of race, color or national origin as required under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. As we recognize the 50th anniversary of the Civil Rights Acts of 1964 and so many other important hard-won victories in the Civil Rights Movement this year, we must remember those victories could be lost without meaningful enforcement of the laws advocates fought so hard to win half a century ago. While the guidance does not prohibit schools or districts from using any particular nondiscriminatory policy, it does call into question some policies that have historically excluded Black students and are of questionable educational value including “zero tolerance” discipline policies which require mandatory ( 强制的 )consequences for certain infractions ( 违反 ), and policies that prevent students from returning to school after completion of a court sentence. Information of the new guidance recommendations is available at this government website for almost every school and district in the country. Check your own school district now to see whether the discipline policy is focused on creating a positive school climate and preventing misbehavior, whether consequences are clear, appropriate and consistent, and whether there is a commitment to fairness in the application of discipline. 56. What does the first paragraph mainly talk about? A. Life and legacy of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. B. Unsatisfactory situation of Black students’ education C. The percentage of Black students dropping out of school. D. The holiday celebrating Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s birthday. 57. The guidance issued by the U.S. Departments of Education and Justice may ___. A. punish Black children for dropping out of school.

B. push thousands of Black children out of school each year. C. protect Black children from being suspended for nonviolent offenses. D. prevent Black children from coming back to school after a court sentence. 58. According to the passage, the “ zero tolerance” discipline policies ______. A. have questionable consequences. B. are prohibited by the guidance. C. prevent Black children from being absent from school. D. were considered discriminatory when they were released. 59. What is the author ’s attitude toward these “ guidance”? A. Negative B. Optimistic C. Approval D. Indifferent 60. Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. Suggestions on the Civil Rights Act B. Victories in the Civil Rights Movement C. Criticism of the Education System D. Steps Forward on School Discipline

第二节 信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选 项字母涂黑。 A. To write more “Damn Good Sentences”, read them B. “Just keep writing” is tired advice, but still needed C. On having your cake and eating it, too D. Writing is not showing off your vocabulary E. An idea is not hing without a reaction F. Don’t bury the introduction Writing is valuable. It doesn’t just transfer insights; it creates them. And since “ good words are worth much and cost little”, choosing the right words is worth the price you pay in time (and sanity). I certainly don’t have this writing thing figured out---- not even close---- but thanks to the gracious feedback from readers, here are few common signs that you writing is heading in the right direction. 61._________ “When you write you should pretend that you, the writer, see something in the world that ’s interesting, that you are directing the attention of your reader to that thing in the world, and that you are doing so by means of conversation,” says Harvard psychologist Steven Pinker. Writing is not meant to prove ownership of a dictionary---- it is the selective recording of thoughts. 62. ________ The best writing is that which pleases at a glance but further rewards careful study. “ A thoughtful list post” is like a movie you can re-watch a dozen times. Good writing attracts attention easily yet hides gifts for a discerning mind. 63. ________ Before pen to page or fingers to keyboard, you must begin with knowing what you are trying to say. Every piece of writing should have the thesis, the value proposition, be entirely clear from the beginning. The journey to the end of your essay should be rewarding for reasons other than

figuring out what point you’re trying to make. 64. ________ In the book How To Write a Sentence, New York Times columnist Stanley Fish laments that “ many educators approach teaching the skill of writing a memorable sentence the wrong way ---by relying on rules rather than examples.” Garbage in, garbage out; you’ll produce better sentences if you dedicate time to reading them. 65. ________ Reactions are oxygen for writing. Until you get feedback on what you ’ve said, your analysis can only reveal so much. Be prepared for critiques and criticism, great work is dependent on a willingness to be judged.

第 II 卷(非选择题,共 40 分) 第四部分:写作(共二节,满分 40 分) 第一节:短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起) 不计分。 Dear Mr. Green, I’m very exciting to learn that you will start a magazine together. That sounds great and I definitely agree you on that. Some of the columns that you mention in the letter are really my cup of tea. “ Cultural Express” give us a better understanding of the world. Since people from different part of the world have different values, it’s necessary to learn from each another. Apart from that, “ Blurt Out” is pretty good for Chinese students to learn English idioms and improving oral English. “ Entertainment” is also cool! The popular singers, actors or celebrities are so attractively that you absolutely can ’t miss this part. Teenagers are to fond of popular things, too.

Well, I can’t list more. I really can’t wait to read this magazine. Yours, Li Ming 第二节:书面表达(满分 30 分)
【写作内容】 Growing Pains ( 《成长的烦恼》 )是大陆较早引进的一部美国情景喜剧,讲述的是西佛一家的三个孩 子在成长中遇到的一些故事。而你们在自己的成长过程中也一定碰到过一些挫折,失败,而长大的标志是 你在这些经历中获得了一些宝贵的财富。请以”Gains from Growing Pains”为题,写一篇 100-120 词的 英语短文。 (开头已经给出,不计入总词数) 要求:1.描述成长过程中的一件令你烦恼的事情; 2.说说此事最终带给你的启示和收获。 Gains from Growing Pains Growing up is not always a very enjoyable time.____________________________


2015学年 第一学期


一、单选题 1-5. AADCB 6-10. ADADD 11-15. DBDBC 16-20. CBCCB 二、完形填空 21-25. DABCB 26-30 BDADB 31-35 CBDDC 36-40 BACAA 三、阅读理解 41-45.DABBC 46-50.CABAB 51-55 BACCD 56-60 BCACD 任务型阅读:DCFAE 四、短文改错 exciting----excited; agree 后加 with, mention---- mentioned give---- gives, part---- parts, another---- other improving---- improve, or--- and, attractively---- attractive, 去掉 to

Growing up is not always a very enjoyable time. It means we have to work hard. As for my childhood, my parents made me learn to play the violin so I had no time to play with other friends. I got very annoyed. I hated music, just because it was what they wanted me to do. Sometimes I felt puzzled and trapped. I even complained why I was a child. Now, looking back, I am so glad that my parents encouraged me to take music lessons, which can enrich my life. I come to realize why my parents are always pushing me along. Everybody is to experience growing pains, which are just small pains in life. A little hard work and sweat never hurt us. If we realize these pains are just small bumps on our road to success, we will realize our growing pains are actually growing gains.

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