中山市 2012 年高中英语读写能力竞赛
注意事项： 1、竞赛时间 100 分钟，总分 100 分； 2、答题前，务必用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名和竞赛编号填写在答题卡上； 3、阅读题选出答案后，用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信息点涂黑，如需改 动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其他答案，答案不能答在试卷上； 4、写作题必须
用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答，答案必须写在答题卡指定区域内相应位 置上，不准使用铅笔和涂改液； 5、必须保持答题卡的整洁。竞赛结束后，将答题卡交回。
阅读 (共两节，满分 70 分)
阅读理解（共 30 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 60 分）
阅读下列六篇短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。
I took the bus to work for many years. No one knew each other; the passengers all sat there sleepily in the morning. The bus was cheerless and silent. One of the passengers was a small grey man who took the bus to the center for senior citizens every morning. No one ever paid very much attention to him. One July morning he said good morning to the driver and smiled. The driver nodded guardedly. The rest of us were silent. The next day, the old man boarded with a big smile and said in a loud voice, ―A very good morning to you all!‖ Some of us looked up, amazed, and murmured ―good morning‖ in reply. The following weeks, our friend was dressed in a nice old suit and tie. The thin hair had been carefully combed. He said good morning to us every day and we gradually began to nod and talk to each other. One morning he even had a bunch of wild flowers in his hand. The driver turned around smilingly and asked, ―Have you got yourself a girlfriend, Charlie?‖ We never got to know if his name really was ―Charlie‖, but he nodded shyly and said yes. The other passengers whistled and clapped at him. Charlie waved the flowers before he sat down on his seat. Every morning after that Charlie always brought flowers. Some passengers also brought flowers for him. The bus became a happy place.
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Then, one morning, as autumn was closing in, Charlie wasn’t waiting at his usual stop. When he wasn’t there the next day and the day after that, we started wondering if he was sick or hopefully---on holiday somewhere. When we came nearer to the center for senior citizens, one of the passengers even asked the driver to wait. We all held our breaths when he went to the door. The old gentleman was fine, but one of his close friends had died over the weekend. How silent we were the rest of the way to work. The next Monday Charlie was waiting at the stop, and without a tie. Inside the bus was silent. 1. The story is mainly developed by ______. A. time B. logic C. comparison D. cause and result 2. Greeted with ―good morning‖ from the old man, people aboard the bus at first _____. A. felt tired and sleepy and didn’t want to talk B. greeted him back loudly and politely C. guarded against the conversation from strangers D. felt surprised and became angry with him. 3. When the passengers found the old man was not waiting at the bus stop as usual, they did the following things EXCEPT _____. A. buy flowers and wait for him to come B. feel anxious and worried about him C. miss him and expect to see him D. hope he was going on holiday rather than falling ill 4. It can be inferred from the text that _____. A. the driver didn’t like the old man at first B. people usually wear a tie when they are happy C. passengers brought flowers to express gratitude（感激） to the old man D. the old man had a great influence on the passengers’ emotion 5. The purpose of the passage is to _____. A. introduce the old gentleman and praise his good deeds B. persuade us to become friendly and considerate to people around C. tell us to keep silent when somebody passes away D. criticize（批评，批判）those who remain silent when they are greeted
If you are the sort of person who spends a long time looking for your mobile phone, Google may have the answer. And the solution will be right in front of your eyes. The technology giant is close to launching(投放市场) a pair of glasses that would deliver all the services of a smartphone straight to the wearer’s eye. Featuring a mini display on one lens, the hi-tech glasses allow users to surf the Internet or deal with text messages and emails without lifting a finger. The screen is controlled with a ―mouse‖ which is moved simply by moving your head. Users would also be able to see through the lenses as normal and go about their daily business then, with a move of the head, to make the display start working. The glasses would use the same Google operating system that powers Android smartphones
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and would connect to the Internet through 3G or next-generation 4G mobile networks. It is believed the glasses will let you make calls using an in-built microphone. They would also be equipped with GPS mapping technology and sensors(感应器), as well as a camera. It brings the possibility that wearers could be given information immediately on the buildings they are looking at, on nearby landmarks(标志性建筑) or friends who are in the area. But the devices will also bring new potential for advertisers to reach users in ever more personal situations, such as in a lift, a restaurant or relaxing on their sofa. The people familiar with the Google glasses revealed clues about how the glasses would work. ―These glasses, we heard, have a front-facing camera used to gather information and could aid in augmented reality applications. The heads-up display is only for one eye and on the side.‖ The glasses are apparently being developed in Google’s top-secret research laboratory in Mountain View, California. Reports suggest the device, which would revolutionize the smartphone market, could be available by the end of this year costing less than ￡380 --- making it cheaper than Apple’s iPhone. 6. The passage is mainly about ______. A. the hi-tech glasses being developed by Google will be on the market soon B. the hi-tech glasses have varieties of functions besides daily usage C. the hi-tech glasses are controlled by moving the head D. the hi-tech glasses will be cheaper than Apple’s iPhone 7. The underlined words ― the technology giant‖ in Paragraph 2 probably refers to ______. A. the hi-tech glasses B. the smartphone C. Google D. Apple 8. The glasses will help users a lot except ______. A. surfing the Internet B. doing daily business C. making calls D. improving near-sightedness 9. According to the passage, we know that ______. A. the glasses have been being developed in secret by Google B. the glasses would only work as an ordinary camera C. the glasses could help wearers go through any buildings D. the glasses would take the place of Apple’s iPhone 10. If you had the glasses, you would not need the following except a ______. A. camera B. phone C. map D. car
When I decided to write the story of my early years growing up in poverty, many of my friends and family members were shocked. They were more interested in my story of success, such as how was I able to create the nation’s largest law firm and sell it to a bank? ―How does one sell a law firm for millions of dollars?‖ That’s the story everyone wanted me to write, but it’s not the story that I wanted to tell. Looking back, I see so clearly how often, throughout my boyhood, I was touched by random acts of kindness that helped shape me into the man I am today. And random acts of violence and ignorance played just a powerful role in making me who I am. Becoming a successful lawyer
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involves hard work, but escaping generational poverty is the hardest thing I have ever done. I chose to write the story of my childhood years in poverty, with the hope that a child somewhere in the world will read my story and be inspired to break the cycle of poverty. My publisher was quick to point out that the market would be small for a memoir(回忆录) written by a relatively unknown author. To everyone’s surprise, the book received over 1000 pre-publication orders one month before the scheduled launch date. The book launch scheduled for October 1, 2009, was moved up to September 14, 2009. Less than four months later, the first print run of 5,000 hardback copies was sold out. Today, the memoir is being used by universities, high schools and middle school as a case of poverty as well as valuable lessons on how to succeed in life. Here is a quote for students of the 5th through 8th grades: ―WE are halfway through your story. It is changing the lives of our students and the perspectives of our teachers.‖ 11. The author’s friends and family members expected him to write a book about ______. A. his successful life B. his childhood stories C. his knowledge of law D. his ability to save money 12. In Paragraph Two, the author intends to show ______. A. he was growing up in a bad environment B. why he chose to write about his early years C. everyone should remember their childhood D. it is his hard work that leads to his success 13. In the author’s opinion, his book was written for ______. A. workers in law firms and banks B. children living in poverty C. middle school students worldwide D. his family members and friends 14. The principal’s words in the last paragraph show ______. A. the effect the author’s book has on others B. why students are interested in the author’s book C. the principal is thankful the author’s book D. the author’s book is less popular as he expected 15. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. The author used to work in a bank. B. The author received good education in his early years. C. The publisher didn’t expect the book to be popular. D. The memoir is only being used by universities.
This is one of the many Bikeshare locations in southeast Washington. Renting a bike is very easy. All you have to do is put in your credit card. Once the card is accepted, select the type of membership. The system will print your receipt and a code to unlock the bicycle. Enter that code
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in this digital lock, the light turns green and you are ready to roll. Annual members get a plastic key, which goes into this electronic lock. Returning the bicycle is also easy. You can go to any Bikeshare location and push the bike back into the rack(架子). Washington’s local government started this program in September 2010. Today there are 134 stations with 1,100 bicycles in the nation’s capital and the neighboring city of Arlington, Virginia. Chris Hollben is the project director of Washington’s Capital Bikeshare program. It offers a wide variety of membership options(选择) --- for a single day, three days, one month, or a full year. Holben says the number of annual memberships is increasing. ―We have about 20,000 annual members who can walk up and take a bike out,‖ said Holben. ―We also had about 90,000 visitors and many people here use our bikes.‖ During the last year these bicycles have been used for one million rides. A membership survey shows that five percent of those who use Bikeshare would have used cars if bikes were not available. Holben says this works out to 50,000 fewer automobile trips. In the developing world, many people regard bicycles as the ride of the poor and a car as a symbol of status. Holben said what he called ―national heroes‖ could help counter that image. ―I think one of the main things is that you need some champions at either a high political level or a higher social level, who can promote cycling whether for health reasons or get people out of the car,‖ added Holben. Two other Washington suburbs, Momgomery County, Maryland, and the city of Alexandria, Virginia, have now approved plans to join the network, which will grow to 288 stations and 2,800 bikes by the end of 2012. 16. What should you do first if you want to use the bike of the Bikeshare locations? A. Push the bike back into the rack. B. Use a credit card to unlock the bike. C. Ask the Bikeshare workers to unlock it. D. Use a plastic key to get the code of the lock. 17. If you are a member of the Bikeshare program, you can rent a bike for at most ______. A. a full year B. three days C. one month D. a single day 18. We can learn from the passage that the Bikeshare program ______. A. was started by Washington’s local government B. mainly aims to make the travel of foreigners easier C. will have twice the present number of bikes in 2012 D. aims to solve the problem of the lack of enough cars 19. The underlined word ―champions‖ in Paragraph 5 probably refers to people who ______. A. belong to a team B. have won first prize C. support a cause D. are experts in a field 20. What would be the best title for this passage? A. Cycling has replaced driving in America. B. Bikeshare locations are found everywhere in America. C. Bikeshare locations are a new service industry. D. Bikeshare program makes cycling lifestyle easy.
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The date of birth may affect one's chance to climb up to the topmost corporate position in future career, a Canadian study shows. The study, carried out by researchers from Sauder School of Business at University of British Columbia, is based on a sample of 375 CEOs from S&P 500, between 1992 and 2009. Set to appear in the December issue of the journal Economics Letters, the study found that only 6.13 percent and 5.87 percent of the CEOs were born in June and July, respectively. By comparison, people born in March and April represented 12.53 percent and 10.67 percent of the sample, it said. Professor Maurice Levi, a co-author of the study, said their findings indicate that summer babies are less likely to be CEOs due to a "birth-date effect". In the United States, cut-off dates for school admission fall between September and January. Students born between June and July are the youngest in their class, while those born in March and April are the oldest, taking into account that children with birthdays too close to the cut-offs often start their school behind or ahead of schedule. "With advantages on intellectual development(智力发展), older children in the same grade tend to perform better than the youngers," explained Levi. "Early success is often rewarded with leadership and learning opportunities, leading to more future advantages throughout life." 21. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true? A. The study was carried out in Canada. B. The study was based on a sample of 500 CEOs. C. The study will be published in the journal Economic Letters in December. D. Professor Maurice Levi was one of the authors of the study. 22. According to the study, people born in______ make up the largest number of CEOs. A. April B. June C. March D. July 23. The underlined word ―cut-off‖ in Paragraph 6 is closest in meaning to _______. A. remove B. reduce C. stop the supply D. deadline 24. According to the passage, if a kid was born is July, he is likely to ______. A. be less smarter than those who were born in March and April B. be the oldest in his class C. perform better than the children born in April D. have less chance to be a CEO than those who were born in March 25. What is the main idea of the passage? A. The date of birth determines the chance to be CEOs. B. Summer babies less likely to be CEOs. C. How ―birth-date effect‖ works. D. Don’t give birth in summer.
How are you? Increasing numbers of young Europeans are learning Chinese. Xu Lin reports from Europe on the rise of Confucius Institutes. Italian Alessandro Baccarin, 15, in black robes and Feiyue shoes, a Chinese brand from the 1920s, performs martial arts(武术) with a sword. "I like China and the Chinese. I became a huge fan of Jackie Chan and his kung fu movies
高一英语读写竞赛试题 第 6 页（共 10 页）
when I was 7," says Baccarin in fluent Mandarin(普通话), from Pigafetta High School, Vicenza, Italy. He started to learn Shaolin-style kung fu and the Chinese language four years ago. In 2006, Pigafetta High School became the first middle school in Italy to offer Chinese-language courses. Its Chinese-language teacher, Marta Nori, says just 13 students took the course at first, but there are now nearly 200 students learning Chinese and the number may jump to 250 in 2013. Hu Zhiping, director of Hanban (Confucius Institute Headquarters), says more than 40 countries have made learning Chinese part of the national educational system. "The Confucius Institutes play an important role," Hu says. Nori teaches Chinese language, history, literature and philosophy at the school, together with a Chinese teacher, and a new instructor sent by the Confucius Institute. "The institute supports us greatly in language and culture teaching, offering us books and opportunities to go to China via Hanban's programs," she says. Hu Chunshuang, the other Chinese teacher from the school, says: "Some Italians think they may have more job opportunities after learning Chinese, because there is a lot of trading between the two countries." However, Nori says there are many difficulties, such as few opportunities to speak the language and the relative inexperience of the teachers. 26. According to the passage, ―Jackie Chan‖ in Paragraph Two is probably ______. A. an actress B. an actor C. a martial artist D. an expert in language 27. Which of the following statements about Baccarin is not true? A. He is an Italian, 15 years old. B. He enjoys seeing the kung fu movies. C. He has learnt martial arts for four years. D. He can’t speak Chinese. 28. According to Hu Chunshuang, the reason why Italians learn Chinese is mainly ______. A. that they can find a good job in China B. that whoever can speak Chinese can be given a better job C. that they are likely to have more job chances D. that they are sure find a job related to trade 29. From the whole passage, we can know that ______. A. more and more people in foreign countries have began learning Chinese B. Chinese language has replaced the native languages in some other countries C. Chinese language can help Italians find the best jobs D. all instructors who teach Chinese language come from China 30. The text, taken from CHINADAILY, most probably appears in ______ Edition. A. Art B. Life C. News D. Travel
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信息匹配（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分）
下面是一篇应用文及其应用场合的信息， 请阅读下列应用文和相关信息， 并按照要求匹 配信息。 David，Leroy，Jane，Liu Yuan 和 Victor 正计划参加一个冬令营。下面是各冬令营的信 息，请阅读以下信息： A. Snow! Snow! Snow! Spend your winter vacation week outdoors in the Berkshires - play in the snow, build snowmen, snow forts and snow dragons, go downhill skiing and snowboarding, go cross-country skiing and snowshoeing. Embrace your creative side in creative arts or the woodshop. The possibilities are endless! The staffs are fantastic! The campers are awesome! The setting is gorgeous! Build character at a place with strong commitment to positive values caring, respect, responsibility and honesty. B. Winter Camp is a weekend retreat for those in grades 7 – 12, held over Presidents holiday weekend in February. Campers arrive on Friday night and leave on Monday, as most schools are closed on Monday for the holidays. Winter Camp includes: Christian Ed, Afternoon Program, a Campfire (in the snow!), plus there's Snow Tubing and much more! Winter Camp also provides a chance to meet others campers from different regions and different sessions from the summer. C. Winter Camp carries on a beautiful tradition of brisk outdoor and warm indoor activities, plus enjoyable social-mixer events in the evenings. But the Christian living and other Bible instruction tailor-made for campers forms the core of the camp. Camp Timber-lee is located on 650 beautiful acres of rolling hills and lakes in the Kettle Murrain region of southeastern Wisconsin, and this year’s camp holds great promise for learning more about God and His Word while greeting old and making wonderful new friends on the snowfields of Wisconsin. Get to know the snow! D. In a superb Swiss alpine setting, the children enjoy a well-balanced, happy and safe holiday experience which introduces them to a variety of winter sports and exciting outdoor activities. Ski and Snowboard instruction are combined with enriching programs which allow campers to participate in a number of different activities. At the same time, the winter camp offers children the opportunity to learn or to improve their language skills in English, French or German. Children are also encouraged to develop their vocabulary and to use the new language skills they learn. E. Located 30 minutes south of San Francisco, the Stanford Winter Lacrosse Camp offers players from around the country a unique opportunity to experience firsthand the life of a Stanford student-athlete. Great athletic facilities, excellent coaches, and the beautiful Stanford campus make this camp location a favorite for hundreds of girls each year.
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F. Just because it's winter, it doesn't mean you need to hibernate—the National Zoo's animals are ready to romp and we are ready for you! Snow Safari campers will explore the lives, habitats, and conservation of animals around the world. Each four-day session includes exciting hands-on activities, craft projects, science experiments, and walks through the Zoo. Snow Safari Day camp is the coolest way to spend your winter vacation.
以下是各学生的信息，请阅读以下信息，并匹配与其可能参加的冬令营。 31. David is a student of grade 12 and a lover of outdoors. But as he has to devote himself to the coming exam for the college, he is searching for a camp which lasts only two or three days and enables him to enjoy various activities in the snow for a while. 32. Winter is coming, but Victor is tired of staying at home during winter vacation. He has a particular interest in animals, and is curious about the environment the animals live and how people preserve the animals. 33. Jane is an outgoing girl, and a sports fan as well. She is going to enter the college next year, and she would like to experience the atmosphere of physical training in university in advance. 34. Liu Yuan is a Chinese girl who loves learning foreign languages. The winter holiday is coming, she is considering joining a camp in Europe countries that can offer her the opportunity not only to enjoy exciting activities and but also to learn foreign languages. 35. Leroy is a Christian, and he is longing for staying away from city life for a while. He would like to take part in a winter camp held in the suburb, and which can provide chances for him to make Christian friends and participate in some Christian activities.
写作(共一节，满分 30 分)
阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Here you are to experience your first year in high school! Are you worried about it or just feeling confident about your future? Anyway you must be expecting to do well in the first year and just try really hard to start earning A’s even if you’ve never been on the honor roll before. And here’s how: The first, and the most important, you need to set up your goal. What is it that you are trying to achieve through studying? What is motivating(激发…积极性) you? After these questions are answered, you can better arrange your priorities(优先考虑的事) in order to be successful in reaching your goal. Remember, your goal and priorities should be decided by you, not by the people who surround you. Having a clear sense of who you are, including your beliefs and values, instead of letting others tell you what to say, what to do, and what to believe, will also help you to be more successful on the path you choose.
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Next, find the times and places when and where you do your best work, which is important to be being successful are reaching your goal. Are you more alert(机警的) in the morning or the early evening? This will help you decide when you should schedule study time. Also, make sure you have a quiet place that is set up for studying. It should be free from noise and hold everything you need to have an effective study session. Finally, follow the old saying --- if at first you don’t succeed, try, try again. The point is that to succeed, you need to try out all possibilities and paths to reach your goal.
[写作内容] 1．以约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容； 2．以约 120 个词就“How to make use of your time of studying ”发表看法，要点包括： 1）合理使用时间可以节约时间、提高时效； 2）利用好零碎时间，化零为整； 3）利用身边资源，如伙伴学习、图书馆、电脑、课堂笔记等，提高学习效率； 4）坚持锻炼，确保身体状态好。
[写作要求] 1． 作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接 引用原文中的句子； 2． 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。
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