短文改错专练（一） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌写的以下作 文。文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的 增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧），并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（＼）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词；2
. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 A March 29th, Dear Diary, I’m writing this at my room. It’s almost midnight and I have to getting up early tomorrow, but I can’t sleep. I’m thinking about my future! Every day, my parents asks me, “What do you want to be when you grow?” The problem is: I don’t know! My mom always says, “Be a doctor!” And she doesn’t understand — to be a doctor, you have to study for a long, long time and that’s not her idea of fun. Also I’m really bad at biology at the school. My dad says, “Be a pilot!” Is he crazy? He knew I hate flying! Now I’m getting tiring, so I’m going to bed. I can think about my future in bed. I get my best ideas when I’m lain down.
B I have known my friend Rebecca for a long time. We firstly met at a friend’s birthday party five years before. We found out that we both liked singing and dancing, so I invited Rebecca over to my place. We listened to the music together and soon became best friends. Three years ago, Rebecca’s parents invited me go on holiday with them. It is great. We spent three wonderful weeks in a little cottage. Rebecca and I loved walking along the beautifully beach. We took a lot of photos and had a lot of funs. Last year, Rebecca’s father changed her job, and they moved to other town.
Since then we haven’t seen each other very much, but we’ve talked in the phone and we’ve written emails to each other.
C Dear Joe, How are you? Thanks to your post — good to know when you’re OK. I’ve got news too. I’m going on holiday next weeks with my brother and Anna, a friend from school. We’re going to stay on a farm with four days! We’re going to look after the animals and doing some horse-riding. I’m sure I’ll love it. You know how crazy I am about the animals! I want to learn all about the cows or the horses. I hope I will have some times to go walking in the hills, too. Well, right now I’m going to finish homework — lots to do before the holiday! I’ll write to you when I get back to telling you about my holiday. Yours, Nadia
D People had always been interested in bees. This interest may have begun with the honey what bees make. In the fact, it has been found that people have been eating honey for thousand of years. In the more recently past, people were interested in
the way bees made honey. They admired the way bees seemed to working so hard. Some languages even developed expressions about people working like bees. In English, for example, we talk with a “busy bee”. Now scientists has a new reason to be interested in bees. They have discovered that bees able to communicate with each other. Research has revealed some surprised facts about this, but there are still many mysteries.
E Yesterday afternoon, I took the No. 6 bus to go home. It was crowded on the bus, and I had listened to music by my earphones. Suddenly I saw the name of the bus stop
that I should get off, so I got off the bus in hurry. When I arrived home, I realized that I had left my bag on the bus. My ID card and ten books were in the bag. I was worried and eager to finding it, so I went to the bus companies for help. Fortunate, at the Lost and Found, I see my bag. I wanted to thank the person who had found my bag, and the staff there said the person hadn’t left his name. How a good man!
F I read an interested piece of news on a newspaper today. According to Professor Richard Wiseman, only less than a quarter of the British achieved their New Year goals because they do it in the wrong way. He studied 700 volunteers who made a wide ranges of New Year goals, including quitting smoking, losing the weight, or gaining a qualification. Just 22 percent of the participants managed to meeting their goals or described their progress like “very successful.” The reason so much failed was that they took the wrong approach and led by self-help books in the wrong way. They tended to spend a lot of time on thinking about the “bad things” what would happen if they did not achieve their goals instead of taking action.
G Last weekends, I went shopping by myself. It was a sunny day and I feel very happy. When I had bought anything I needed, I went to the bus stop to take a bus. Unfortunately, there were too much people at the bus stop. Then it was my turn to get on, there was no room. I had to wait the next bus. Suddenly, it started to rain. I had no choice but to call a taxi. Half way through the journey, the taxi was broke down. I was filled with angry when I saw an emptier bus go by. Finally, I decided to walk home in a rain. What an unlucky day!
H My name is Li Hua and I wanted to be class monitor. I am responsible, sociable, or easy-going. I enjoy serving others. Additionally, I have vary interests. I love singing and playing the drums as well soccer. I am also a good listener and be always
open to different opinions. I am confident that I can do the job good. Being a student myself, firstly, I will create an academic atmosphere so that everyone in our classes can improve their studies. For those students who is falling behind, I will find ways to help them to catch up. Secondly, I will serve as a bridge among teachers and students. Finally, I will arrange parties so we can relax. I believe I am the right person to this post.
答案 A 1. ... at my room. 2. ... have to getting ... 3. ... my parents asks ... 4. ... when you grow?” 5. And she doesn’t ... 6. ... not her idea of ... 7. ... at the school. 8. He knew I hate ... 9. ... I’m getting tiring ... 10. ... I’m lain down. at → in getting → get asks → ask grow 后加 up And → But her → my 去掉 the knew → knows tiring → tired lain → lying B 1. We firstly met ... 2. ... five years before. 3. ... to the music ... 4. ... go on holiday ... 5. It is great. 6. ... beautifully beach. 7. ... a lot of funs. 8. ... changed her job ... 9. ... to other town. 10. ... in the phone ... firstly → first before → ago 去掉 the go 前加 to is → was beautifully → beautiful funs → fun her → his other → another in → on / over
C 1. Thanks to your ... 2. ... to know when ... 3. ... next weeks with ... 4. ... with four days! 5. ... and doing some ... 6. ... about the animals! 7. ... or the horses. 8. ... have some times ... 9. ... finish homework ... 10. ... to telling you ... to → for when → that 或去掉 when weeks → week with → for doing → do 去掉 the or → and times → time homework 前加 my telling → tell D 1. People had always ... 2. ... what bees make. 3. In the fact ... 4. ... thousand of years. 5. ... recently past ... 6. ... working so hard. 7. ... we talk with ... 8. ... has a new reason ... 9. ... bees able to ... 10. ... surprised facts ... had → have what → that / which 去掉 the thousand → thousands recently → recent working → work with → about has → have able 前加 are surprised → surprising E 1. ... I had listened ... 2. ... by my earphones. 3. ... that I should ... 4. ... bus in hurry. 5. ... to finding it ... 6. ... the bus companies ... 7. Fortunate, at the ... 去掉 had by → with that → where hurry 前加 a finding → find companies → company Fortunate → Fortunately
8. ... I see my bag. 9. ... and the staff ... 10. How a good man!
see → saw and → but How → What F
1. ... an interested piece ... 2. ... they do it in ... 3. ... a wide ranges ... 4. ... losing the weight ... 5. ... managed to meeting ... 6. ... like “very successful.” 7. ... so much failed ... 8. ... and led by ... 9. ... time on thinking ... 10. ... what would happen ...
interested → interesting do → did ranges → range 去掉 the meeting → meet like → as much → many led 前加 were on → in 或去掉 on what → that G
1. Last weekends ... 2. ... I feel very happy. 3. ... anything I needed ... 4. ... too much people ... 5. Then it was my ... 6. ... wait the next bus. 7. ... was broke down. 8. ... filled with angry ... 9. ... an emptier bus ... 10. ... in a rain.
weekends → weekend feel → felt anything → everything much → many Then → When the 前加 for 去掉 was angry → anger emptier → empty a → the H
1. ... I wanted to be ... 2. ... or easy-going. 3. ... have vary interests.
wanted → want or → and vary → varied
4. ... as well soccer. 5. ... be always open ... 6. ... do the job good. 7. ... in our classes ... 8. ... who is falling ... 9. ... among teachers ... 10. ... to this post.
soccer 前加 as 去掉 be good → well classes → class is → are among → between to → for
短文改错专练（二） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌写的以下作 文。文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的 增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧），并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（＼）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词；2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 A Dear Sarah, I’m writing because I want to apologize to what I did last week. I’m really sorry. I know we said 8:30, and I would’ve gotten here on time if everything hadn’t gone wrongly. I was late because my watch broke and I didn’t know what the time it was. So you see, I would’ve arrived on time if my watch hadn’t broken. Then I have to walk because I’d missed the bus. And then I fell over and my trousers got dirty, so I had to go home and get changing. Then I decided to catch another buses, but it was too late. I would have phoned you and my brother had taken my mobile phone. Anyway, I hope you aren’t too angrier with me. Hope to hear you soon. Yours,
B Today my classmate and I went to a farm for a trip. I get up at six o’clock and we set off by bus. On the bus, some of us sang, and some of us talked. We all had good time. Two hours late, we arrived at the gate of the farm, that the farmers were waiting to give us a warm welcome. After we were shown around the big farm, they began to plant trees. It was really a good way to getting close to nature and protect the environment at the same time. Next, we had a picnic and it was great fun to eat on the open air. Finally, we went home at half past four. Although all of us was tired, our trip was really very more unforgettable.
C Both my father and mother has been wanting me to study abroad. They think that it’s natural to master a foreign language in an English-speaking country and that studying abroad at early age will enable me to be dependent. Moreover, it will be easier to me to gain advanced knowledge of technology, that will prepare me for a brighter future. Moreover, my good friend, Zhang Hua doesn’t agree with them. He thought my English is too limited to communicate with foreigners. Besides, the cost is too much for his family. In my opinions, I should continue to study in China. As long as I study hard at now, I’ll make great achievements in the future.
D Advertising informs consumers about newer products available on the market. It gives us information with everything from shampoo to toothpaste to computers and cars. But there is one serious problems with this. The information are actually very often misinformation. It tells us the products’ benefits but hides its disadvantages. Advertising not only leads us to buying things that we don’t need and can’t afford, but it confuses our sense reality. “Zoom toothpaste prevents bad teeth and gives you the
white teeth!” the advertisement tells us. And it doesn’t tell us the complete truth that a health diet and a good toothbrush will have the same effect.
E My grandfather had had enough of his cat. He was tired of her scratching all the furnitures and made a mess. So he gave her to a friend, who lived on the other side of town. He told his friends that he was getting so old to look after her. A week later, in a very cold winter day, my grandfather returned home from shopping and surprised to see the cat on his doorstep. My grandfather was moved by the fact that his pet had found his way back from the other side of town in such a cold weather. He took the cat outside and gave her lots of loving attention. He decided he will never give her away again.
F Bedouin, the Arab people who live in the desert, living in a traditional society. This means they live on much the same way as their ancestors did. People who live in traditional societies has strong ties to the past. Customs and beliefs have changed very slower. They fear that when changes will make their lives worse rather than better. Values are passing on with little changes from one generation to the next. Yet changes do take place. All cultures change, but they change much quickly at some periods than at other. In very recent years, changes have taken place very quickly everywhere, including deserts of Southwest Asia and North Africa.
G My uncle and aunt come home one evening and discovered huge hole in their roof. They also found that their dog was dead and their furniture were covered in horrible-smelling matter. Upset by which they saw, they phoned the police. After the police looked into the problem, they were told what had happened to. It seemed that the container holding the wastes from the toilets on a passing plane had burst openly. The contents froze in the atmosphere as it fell towards the ground. Then the
resulting block of ice crashed through the roof and broke into piece, killing the dog after melting in their house.
H Taking parts in recreation activities help us keep fit. There are various kinds of activity in our daily life, for example, listening to music, watching TV, playing chess, or going to cinema. But I think we’d better to have more outdoor activities. As students, we usually sit too longer in the classroom, and as a result our eyes and brains getting tired. But it’s a good idea to play basketball, football, table tennis, go swimming, do some runnings, or even go for a picnic. Our brains also need changes to make it smart and active. In a word, exercise is good for the health.
答案 A 1. ... apologize to what ... 2. ... gotten here on ... 3. ... gone wrongly. 4. ... what the time ... 5. ... I have to ... 6. ... get changing. 7. ... another buses ... 8. ... and my brother ... 9. ... too angrier with ... 10. Hope to hear you ... to → for here → there wrongly → wrong 去掉 the have → had changing → changed buses → bus and → but angrier → angry you 前加 from B 1. ... my classmate and ... 2. I get up at ... 3. ... had good time ... 4. Two hours late ... 5. ... that the farmers ... classmate → classmates get → got good 前加 a late → later that → where
6. ... they began to plant ... 7. ... to getting close to ... 8. ... on the open air. 9. ... all of us was ... 10. ... more unforgettable.
they → we getting → get on → in was → were 去掉 more C
1. ... mother has ... 2. ... at early age ... 3. ... to be dependent. 4. ... be easier to me ... 5. ... that will prepare ... 6. Moreover, my good ... 7. He thought my ... 8. ... for his family. 9. In my opinions ... 10. ... hard at now ...
has → have early 前加 an dependent → independent to → for that → which Moreover → However thought → thinks his → my opinions → opinion 去掉 at D
1. ... about newer products ... 2. ... with everything ... 3. ... serious problems ... 4. ... are actually very ... 5. ... its disadvantages. 6. ... buying things ... 7. ... sense reality. 8. ... the white teeth!” 9. And it doesn’t ... 10. ... a health diet and ...
newer → new with → on / about problems → problem are → is its → their buying → buy reality 前加 of 去掉 the And → But health → healthy E
1. ... all the funitures ... 2. ... made a mess.
furnitures → furniture made → making
3. He told his friends ... 4. ... so old to look ... 5. ... in a very cold ... 6. ... and surprised to ... 7. ... found his way ... 8. ... such a cold weather. 9. ... the cat outside ... 10. ... he will never ...
friends → friend so → too in → on surprised 前加 was his → her 去掉 a outside → inside will → would F
1. ... living in a ... 2. ... live on much ... 3. ... has strong ties to ... 4. ... changed very slower. 5. ... when changes will ... 6. Values are passing ... 7. ... with little changes ... 8. ... much quickly at ... 9. ... than at other. 10. ... including deserts ...
living → live on → in has → have slower → slowly 去掉 when passing → passed little → few much → more 或 quickly 前加 more other → others deserts 前加 the G
1. ... aunt come home ... 2. ... discovered huge ... 3. ... were covered ... 4. ... which they saw ... 5. ... had happened to. 6. ... holding the wastes ... 7. ... had burst openly. 8. ... it fell towards ... 9. ... broke into piece ... 10. ... after melting in ...
come → came huge 前加 a were → was which → what 去掉 to wastes → waste openly → open it → they piece → pieces after → before
H 1. Taking parts in ... 2. ... help us keep ... 3. ... kinds of activity ... 4. ... going to cinema. 5. ... better to have ... 6. ... sit too longer ... 7. ... brains getting ... 8. But it’s a good ... 9. ... some runnings ... 10. ... make it smart ... parts → part help → helps activity → activities cinema 前加 the 去掉 to longer → long getting → get But → So runnings → running it → them
短文改错专练（三） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌写的以下作 文。文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的 增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧），并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（＼）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词；2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 A Dear Sandra, You’ll never guess where I’m writing this email. A cave! You know we’re on holidays in Spain. Well, we spend a few days in Barcelona first. We had a good time there, though one day I didn’t feel very good. I think I ate too much ice cream the day before. Anyway, when I left Barcelona, we came to spend a few days in Granada. However, we couldn’t get a hotel — too many tourists and not enough bed! Then the
hotel owner said, “Why don’t try the cave hotels?” We thought he were joking. Living in caves? But there we are and it’s wonderful. We’re enjoying it much that we don’t know when we’re going to leave. We’re never going to have enough time to explore for everything. Take care! Ben
B My uncle buys a satellite dish, which is a large round piece of metal that receives satellite television. He decided to set up himself. He climbed up the ladder and attached the dish with the side of his houses. After he finishing, he and my aunt relaxed for the evening in front of the TV. The next day was very much hot, and they decided to stay at home and watch TV. That afternoon they heard lots of shouting outside. When they went outside, they saw that the house opposite were on fire. Fortunately, the fire was putting out. It turned out that the fire had started because my uncle’s satellite dish had been concentrating the sun’s rays on the curtains of her neighbor’s house but had caused the fire.
C Christmas is supposed to be a time express our love and goodwill towards others. It is supposed to be a time which we perform acts of kindness for people less fortunate to ourselves. But do we think of the other people when we sat down to our Christmas dinner? Of course not — we’re too busy eating those delicious foods related with Christmas. We are too busy wondering that the presents we gave were as nice or better than the one we received. They forget to think of the sick and the homeless. The whole idea of Christmas has complete changed. What a shame!
D A thief broke into our house and filled his bag by our possessions when he suddenly feeling a pair of eyes on him. Looking up, he sees an eagle staring at him
with cold, merciless eyes. At first the man was too frightening to move, but after ten minute he tried moving quietly towards the door. Therefore, the eyes just followed him and he couldn’t move. Eventually, my parents returned to and found the thief in our house. When my father turned the light, the thief could see that the eagle was just a toy. But it was too late and she was arrested. My father said that the toy eagle were better than any watchdog.
E Nowadays more and more students were found cheating in exams. Some copy from each other; some copy from their text books, reference books or prepared note; others use modern communication tool such as mobile phones. Cheating in exams will cause some worse effects. For one thing, it will result unfair competition and destroy the creativity of bright students. For another, students who often cheats in exams will develop bad habits and won’t be able to meet the needs of society in the future. So how can cheating in exams be stopped? On my opinion, severe punishments should be put into the effect to prevent students from cheating. At the same time, great efforts should be made to make students understood what kind of person society needs or try to build up their honesty.
F Dear Jack, I’m glad to learn that you will come Beijing to learn about Chinese culture as an exchange student. At the moment, I am studying English in my school but I always get better grades in my class. I’m good at the spoken English, so I’m sure I will communicate with you frequent. Beside, my parents are open and kind and is friends with many of my classmates. I believe you will be one of their friend too. Therefore, I invite you to live in my home during you stay in Beijing. I’m willing to helping you as much as I can. Best wishes! Yours,
G My friend Jake is eighteen years old and lives in a small village, not far with the city of Nottingham. He grew up in this village, so he knows everyone here. But he feels boring in the village. At the moment, he travels Nottingham every day to the shop where he works. This is a bus at 7:30 in the morning and the latest bus back in the evening is at 5:30. From the September, however, he’s going to stay in Nottingham with his aunt and uncle when his cousin join the Navy. He can use his cousin’s room. He’s really looking forward to live in Nottingham. He’ll be able to go out with his friends in the evening and he doesn’t have to get up earlier in the morning to catch the bus.
H Last night, our neighbor visited my family and complained for the noise from our home at night. We feel very sorry to cause so much trouble. I explained why my parents fixed our kitchen at night because we worked all day and only came back home in the evening. What’s more, they fixed the kitchen by themselves because the high cost of workers. Since my parents are not professional, so it took them a long time to fix it. Considering the noise and trouble the neighbor were having, my parents decided to hire some workers to fix our kitchens on the weekend. We promised we would finish the work as soon as possibly. At last, we expressed our shame again and the neighbor forgiving us.
答案 A 1. ... on holidays in ... 2. ... we spend a few ... 3. ... feel very good. 4. ... when I left ... holidays → holiday spend → spent good → well I → we
5. ... not enough bed! 6. “Why don’t try ... 7. ... he were joking. 8. But there we are ... 9. ... it much that ... 10. ... explore for everything.
bed → beds don’t → not 或 try 前加 you were → was there → here much 前加 so 去掉 for B
1. My uncle buys ... 2. ... to set up ... 3. ... with the side of ... 4. ... of his houses. 5. After he finishing ... 6. ... very much hot ... 7. ... were on fire. 8. ... was putting out. 9. ... her neighbor’s ... 10. ... but had caused ...
buys → bought up 前加 it with → to houses → house finishing → finished 去掉 much were → was putting → put her → his but → and C
1. ... express our love ... 2. ... which we perform ... 3. ... less fortunate to ... 4. ... the other people ... 5. ... we sat down to ... 6. ... related with ... 7. ... that the presents ... 8. ... the one we ... 9. They forget to ... 10. ... has complete ...
express 前加 to which → when to → than 去掉 the sat → sit with → to that → whether / if one → ones They → We complete → completely D
1. ... his bag by ...
by → with
2. ... feeling a pair ... 3. ... he sees an eagle ... 4. ... frightening to move ... 5. ... after ten minute ... 6. Therefore, the eyes ... 7. ... parents returned to ... 8. ... turned the light ... 9. ... she was arrested. 10. ... eagle were better ...
feeling → felt sees → saw frightening → frightened minute → minutes Therefore → However 去掉 to the 前加 on 或 light 后加 on she → he were → was E
1. ... were found cheating ... 2. ... or prepared note ... 3. ... communication tool ... 4. ... some worse effects. 5. ... will result unfair ... 6. ... cheats in exams ... 7. On my opinion ... 8. ... put into the effect ... 9. ... understood what kind ... 10. ... or try to build ...
were → are note → notes tool → tools worse → bad unfair 前加 in cheats → cheat On → In 去掉 the understood → understand or → and F
1. ... come Beijing to ... 2. ... but I always get ... 3. ... better grades in ... 4. ... the spoken ... 5. ... with you frequent. 6. Beside, my ... 7. ... and is friends ... 8. ... of their friend ... 9. ... during you stay ...
Beijing 前加 to but → and better → good 去掉 the frequent → frequently Beside → Besides is → are friend → friends you → your
10. ... willing to helping ...
helping → help G
1. ... not far with ... 2. ... he feels boring ... 3. ... travels Nottingham ... 4. This is a bus ... 5. ... the latest bus ... 6. ... the September ... 7. ... his cousin join ... 8. ... to live in ... 9. ... he doesn’t have ... 10. ... get up earlier ...
with → from boring → bored Nottingham 前加 to 或 into This → There latest → last 去掉 the join → joins live → living doesn’t → won’t earlier → early H
1. ... complained for ... 2. We feel very sorry ... 3. ... explained why my ... 4. ... we worked all day ... 5. ... because the high ... 6. ... so it took them ... 7. ... were having ... 8. ... fix our kitchens ... 9. ... as soon as possibly. 10. ... forgiving us.
for → about / at feel → felt why → that we → they the 前加 of 去掉 so were → was kitchens → kitchen possibly → possible forgiving → forgave