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高一英必修一Unit5课件语法


Review relative pronouns:
1. Is he the man ______ wants to Who/that see you? 2. He is the manWhom/that I saw ______ yesterday. 3. They rushed over to help the man whose car had broken down. ______ 4. The package Which/thatyou are _____ carrying is mine.

只能用that不能用which的情况有那些?

用which that when where why填空
1,This is the factory ________ my father worked last year. where 2,This is the factory ________ my father visited last year. That/which when 3,We’ll remember those days ______ we played by the sea. 4,We’ll remember those days________ we spent together. That/which why 5,This wasn’t the reason _____ I left. 6,The reason_________ That/which she told me was hard taccept.

The Attributive Clause (II) ----Relative Adverbs

引导定语从句的关系副词有 when,where与why
when表示时间,其先行词往往是表示时 间的名词(如day,hour,year,date等)。
where表示地点,其先行词往往是地点 名词(如place,house,street,area等)。 why表示原因,常用在先行词reason后。

Comparing & discovering

? 1.The government building where we voted was very grand. ? 2.The government building which/that we voted in was very grand. ? 3.The government building in which we voted was very grand.

Comparing & discovering
? 1.The date when I arrived was the 5th August. ? 2.The date which/that he told me was the 5th August. ? 3.The date on which I arrived was the 5th August.

Comparing & discovering

? 1.Is this the reason which he was late for? ? 2.Is this the reason for which he was late? ? 3.Is this the reason why he was late?

Conclusion
? 关系副词when,where,why代替的 先行词分别是时间、地点或原因的 名词,并且在定语从句中作状语, 多数情况下相当于“介词+which” 结构。考虑介词后还能用哪个关系 介词+which/whom 代词? 介词有很多,到底用 哪个介词呢?

? Comparing & discovering ? The person whom/that I talked with just now is my friend. ? The person with whom I talked just now is my friend. ? This is the room which/that we lived in last year. ? This is the room in which we lived last year.

介词有很多,到底用哪个介词 呢?

? 关系代词which前介词的选择由先 行词的习惯搭配或谓语动词的习惯

搭配、系表结构中形容词的固定搭 配而决定。

总结:先行词在定语从句中的作用?
? ? ? ? ? ? 先行词 People Things Time Place reason 关系词 从句中的成分


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