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必修5(1-6)短语期中总结


必修 5 模块 1 复习纲要
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. have something /nothing in c

ommon with …. 和….有/没有共同之处 in common with…和…一样 make a /no difference to …对….有/没有影响有作用 get around 四处走动;….传开 sb be confused by the confusing question 某人对这个令人迷惑的问题感到迷惑 compared with sb/sth, …. 和…比较起来 comparing sb/sth, ……比较…. A differ from B…in…=A be different from B … in…在…方面 A 和 B 不同 A be similar to B… in… A 和 B 在…方面相似 have difficulty/trouble /problems/a hard time with sth. 某事有困难 have difficulty/trouble /problems/a hard time (in) doing sth 做某事有困难 have fun with sth. / have fun (in)doing---做---愉快 lead to sb losing jobs 导致某人失去工作 add salt to water 把盐加进水里 add to one’s trouble=increase one’s trouble 增加了某人的麻烦 add up all the figures 把所有的数字加起来 add up to…加起来总计达到 in favour of=support 支持,赞同 do sb a favour =give sb. a hand 帮某人的忙 ask a favour of sb 向某人寻求帮助 present one’s opinion /plan 提出某人的观点、计划 be present at the meeting 出席会议 the students present 到场的学生 the present problems 目前的问题 refer to …as=regard/consider…as…称…为….. make an attempt to do sth=attempt to do sth 努力尝试去做某事 combine …with…把…和…结合起来 thanks to…多亏=because of=due to=owing to 由于 a distinctive culture 独特的文化 criticize /praise sb for sth/doing sth 因为某事批评/表扬某人 after all 毕竟,终究 make a fuss of sb 宠爱、溺爱某人 pick up 捡起,接收(信号) ,车接某人,偶然学会,身体康复,买到便宜货 wear off=disappear 消失 be extremely popular 及其的受欢迎 Don’t judge a man by his looks. 不要以貌取人 take on a new look 呈现新面貌 be/get used to doing 习惯做--be/get used to do 被用来做----

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必修 5 模块 2 复习纲要
1. sb be satisfied with the satisfying result 某人对这个令人满意的结果感到满意 2. offer sb sth=offer sth to sb 为某人提供某物 3. supply/provide sb. with sth. 为某人提供某物 4. in particular=especially 特别地,尤其地 5. on (the/an) average 平均 6. in theory 理论上 7. in practice 实际上 8. pass by 经过 passer-by 路人 9. pass away 逝世 10. pass down sth 把某物传下去 11. he takes it for granted that I help him.他认为我帮助他是理所当然的。 12. have a profound effect on…对 …有极大的影响 13. take up 占据(时间,空间) ,拿起,从事,继续 14. a temporary/permanent post 一份临时的/长期的工作 15. earn/make a living by doing sth 通过…来谋生 16. apply to the company for a job 向这家公司申请一份工作 17. apply oneself/one’s mind to do sth =concentrate on/focus on…集中精力做某事 18. apply theory to practice 把理论应用于实践 19. require sb to do sth 要求某人做某事 20. require that (should) do sth 21. sth require to be done /doing sth 某事需要被做 22. be essential to…对于….是必不可少的 23. in response/reply to…作为….的回应 24. sb be grateful to sb for sth/doing sth 某人因为某事感谢某人 25. have no tables available 没有可用的桌子 26. Are there any tickets available? 还有票吗? 27. sth be in demand 某物被需要 sb be in demand for sth 某人需要某物 28. suffer from a heart disease 患有心脏病 29. outgoing personality 外向的性格 30. sth be in bad condition …..状况糟糕 31. sb be considered /thought/supposed to do sth 某人被认为做过某事 32. blow one’s nose 擤鼻子 33. give sb. a blow 给某人打击 34. 11.It was a nightmare.= It was a terrible experience. 那真是糟糕的事、经历。

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必修 5 模块 3 复习纲要
1. have a connection with=have sth to do with =be related to=be connected to/with 和…. 有联系 2. 解决问题的办法 (1)a way of solving the problem a way to solve the problem (2) a solution to solving the problem (3)an approach to solving the problem 3.run away (秘密的)逃跑 4.lie (说谎) lied, lied, lying lie (位于,躺) lay, lain, lying lay (放置,产卵) laid, laid, laying 5.be curious about…某人对…好奇 6.meet/satisfy one’s curiosity 满足某人的好奇心 7.tie sth with sth 用…把…绑起来 tie sth to sth 把 …绑到… 8.play a trick/joke on=make fun of 捉弄某人 9.make up (1)编造(a story) 2) 组成 (3)弥补 (the loss)(4)和好 10.be/feel in the mood to do sth/for doing sth 有做某事的心情 11.be set in…(小说,电影)以….为背景 12.resemble…in…=be similar to… in…在…与…相似 13.be determined to do sth=make up one’s mind to do sth 决定、决心去做某事 14.set off/out from… for…从某地出发去某地 15.force sb to do sth 强迫某人做某事 16.do sth by force 通过武力做某事 17.by the light of…借助….的光亮 18.much to one’s astonishment=to one’s great astonishment 令人非常惊讶的是 19.there are two men standing over him.有两个人站在他旁边。 20.have enough of sb 受够某人 21.persuade sb to do/into doing sth 说服某人做某事 22.to begin/start with, 首先 23. account for sth. = explain sth. 解释;说明--24. hang on a minute= wait for a few minutes 稍等 25. get a move on =to hurry up 快点 26. wear a tie 佩戴领带 27.end in a tie 平局结束

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必修 5 模块 4 复习纲要
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. sb feel confused 某人感到困惑 pretend (not) to do sth 假装(没)做某事 pretend to be doing sth 假装正在做某事 pretend (not) to have done sth.假装(没)做过某事 come to an end …..结束 put/bring an end to sth 使….结束 dress up 打扮,装扮 be dressed in…=wear 穿着…. in memory of=in honor of 为了纪念….. wander through the street 在大街上闲逛 consist of---=be made up of---=be composed of---(整体)由…(部分)组成构成 a food (1)consisting of (2)make up of (3)composed of (由构成) a tube of skin mixed with herbs (香肠) 13. feel relaxed about the relaxing holiday 对令人感到放松的假期感到放松 14. mark the beginning/end of…标志着…的开始/结束 15. originate from=date back to=date from…起源于、追溯到 16. The tower originating from/dating back to/dating from Ming Dynasty is heavy with secrets. 始于明朝的塔子充满神秘色彩。 17. The tower dating back (to) 500 years is heavy with secrets. 始于 500 年前的塔子充满神秘色彩。 14. see…as=refer to…as…=consider as=regard as=look on…as 把…看成… 15. have fun (in) doing 玩乐 16. be put into/to prison=be thrown into prison=be sent to prison 被抓进监狱 17. give up 放弃 18.give in 屈服 19.give away 捐赠,泄露 20. go wild about…=be crazy about…对….疯狂的喜欢 21. more or less=about=roughly 大概地 22. take over from 从…接手…(接管;传承) 23.hand over to 把…转交给…

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必修 5 模块 5 复习纲要
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. retire from…从…退休 on the increase/decrease …正在增加、减少 have an advantage over…比…有优势 take advantage of=make full use of 充分利用 be under guarantee ….在保修期 guarantee to do sth 保证去做某事 specific instructions 具体的说明 be of good quality …品质/品德好 ultimate goal 最后的目标 rise to one’s feet=stand on one’s feet 站起来 protest to sb against sth 向某人抗议某事 declare war on/against… 对…宣战 compete with/against….与….竞争 a boy calling himself Nemon=a boy called Nemon 一个叫 Nemon 的男孩 at the age of…在…年纪的时候 at an early age 在小时候 six out of seven=six in seven=six sevenths 6/7 as well as=together with=along with=with 和 a sense of failure 失败感 make sb determined to do sth…使某人决定去做某事 the chances are…有可能 it is up to you. 你决定。 that is a good point. 这正是我要说的 to/out of the point 切题/离题 so what?那又怎样 follow one’s tracks 跟踪 have a tough time 艰苦时期 be tough on sb. 对---苛刻

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必修 5 模块 6 复习纲要
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. an endangered species 一种濒危的物种 be in/out of danger ….处于危险之中/脱离危险 be/become extinct=die out …灭绝 protect one’s eyes from/against the sunshine 保护眼睛免受日晒 be worth 10 yuan …值…钱 be worth doing =be worthwhile to do/doing 某事值得一做 be worthy of being done=be worthy to be done 某事值得一做 on the spot 在现场,当场 be in good/bad condition …状况好/不好 on condition that=if 如果 aim at doing sth=aim to do sth=be aimed to do--- 目的是做… be involved in…和…有关 (it is) no wonder (that)…难怪… be concerned about=be worried about 担心/关心… be concerned with 和…有关 as far as sb be concerned 某人认为, stand for=represent 代表 stand for sb=support 支持… focus/centre/concentrate/fix one’s attention on…关注… waste money/time (in) doing sth 浪费钱/时间做某事 set up a company=found a company 建立一家公司 increase to/by…增加到/了… a freezing cold day 极冷的一天 one’s frozen body 某人的冻僵的身体 give one’s life to do/doing sth 献身做某事 at a time 一次 at one time 过去,曾经 come into fashion ….开始流行 take an active part in…积极参与… seem to do 好像做… get tough with 对…采取强硬措施 be home to… ….是…的家/发源地 keep an eye on…照顾/留意… go for sb=attack sb 袭击某人 it is a pity…=I’m sorry 很遗憾…. only if… 只有 if only….要是…就好了 Stand for (1) 代表 (2)支持 support sb. (3) 容忍= stand; put up with---

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