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【2015届备考】2014年全国各地名校英语试题分类解析汇编:E单元 短文改错(13页)]


E 单元 目录

短文改错

E 单元 短文改错 ........................................................................................................................... 1 E1 短文改错记叙文 .........

............................................................................................................... 1 E2 短文改错应用文 ...................................................................................................................... 10 E3 短文改错议论文 ...................................................................................................................... 12 E4 短文改错说明文 ...................................................................................................................... 13

E1 短文改错记叙文
【英语卷(解析)·2015 届浙江省“温州八校”高三返校联考(201408) 】第一节:短文改错 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 例如: It was very nice to get your invitation to spend∧weekend with you. Luckily the I was completely tree then, so I'll to say “yes". I'll arrive in Bristol at around 8:00p.m. am in Friday evening. on

It isn’t hard to grow up into a responsible members of society. I can well remember an incident that happens on a rainy Sunday afternoon. I was on my way

to the bookstore and was waiting the green light at a crossing when a girl of about ten was knocked on by a passing car, it drove off quickly. A man immediately rushed to a girl to give her first aid and I joined in without hesitation. Luckily she was not badly injured but we sent her to the nearest hospital. Comparing with the escaped driver, I am proud of what I did. As a member of society, I am aware of that being responsible is that it takes to make a better society. 【答案】 【知识点】E1 短文改错记叙文 【答案解析】 1. members---member 考查名词单复数。句意:成长为一名有责任的成员并不难。因为前 面有 a,故用单数形式。 2. happens---happened 考查动词的时态。我记得这件事发生在一个下雨的周日下午。事发 生在过去,故用一般过去时。 3. waiting 后面加 for 考查固定搭配。Wait for sth 等待某事; 4. knocked on ---down 考查固定搭配。Knock down sb 撞倒某人; 5. it—which 6. a –the 考查定语从句连接词。Which 指代 a passing car 考查冠词。句意:一个男人立刻冲向那个女生给她急救;the girl 上

文已经提到过,表示特指; 7. but---and 考查连词;句意:幸运地是她伤的不重并且我们送她去了最近的

医院。两个句子是并列关系; 8. comparing---compared 考查非谓语动词。句意:与逃跑的司机相比,我对我的所作所为 感到很骄傲; 9. aware of 去掉 of 句子。 10. that –what 社会所需要的。 考查表语从句。句意: 做为社会的一员,我意识到,责任正是这个 考查固定短语。Be aware of sth 意识到某事;be aware that 后面加

【英语卷(解析)·2015届河南省顶级名校高三入学定位考试(201408) 】

B

One day Rosa wrote to her friend, who was a doctor, invite him to have dinner

with her families. A few days later the doctor wrote back to her but she couldn’t read his writing because the letters were written careless. Then she asked her husband for the help, but he couldn’t read it, too. Then her husband got an idea. He told her that a chemist might be able read the doctor ’s letter. So the woman went to chemist’s. The chemist in the shop studied the letter for a long time but he gave her a large bottle of medicine. He told the woman she would eat twelve pills a day. Finally Rosa still had no idea whether her friend will come or not.
【答案】 【知识点】E1 短文改错记叙文 【思路点拨】该题重点考查基础知识的应用,注意名词单复数,动词人称,形容词和副词的 变化,时态、语态等基础知识。 【答案解析】 76.invite→inviting。 现在分词作状语,故 invite 改为 inviting。 77. families→family her 修饰 family,应用单数形式。78. 79. careless→carelessly 修饰 written 应用 careless 的副词形式。 80.help 前 the 去掉。ask sb for help 向某人求助,help 为不可数名词,故去掉 the。 81. too→either 否定句中表示“也”用 either。 82.read 前加 to。be able to do sth 能做某事。 83.chemist’s 前加 a。chemist 在文中第一次出现,故应用不定冠词 a。 84. but→and。 此处的前后分句是并列关系,不是转折关系,故用 and。 85. will→would。 主句为过去时,从句也应用过去时,故 will 改为 would。

【英语卷(解析)·2015 届河南省顶级名校高三入学定位考试(201408) 】A

Once, a man got on a bus to New York. Because he did not want to pay, so he hid in the toilet. But a passenger saw her. She tapped the person in front of her on the shoulder and say, “There’s a bum in toilet. Tell the bus driver.” The message was passing on from person to person. But somewhere along the way, it was changed. The bus driver told that there was a bomb in the toilet. He immediate stopped the bus and telephoned the police. When the police came, they told the passengers to get off the bus or stay far away. Then they closed the highway. As a result, a traffic jam of 15 mile long was soon caused. In the help of a dog, the police searched for two hours. Of course they found no tomb.
【答案】 【知识点】E1 短文改错记叙文 【思路点拨】该题重点考查基础知识的应用,注意名词单复数,动词人称,形容词和副词的 变化,时态、语态等基础知识。 【答案解析】 76.so 去掉。 because 为从属连词,不与并联连词 so 连用,故去掉 so。 77. her→him 前文讲述的 a man,故此处用 him。

78. say→said 并列的谓语动词应用同样的时态,此句前谓语动词用过去时,此处也应用过 去时,故 say 改为 said。 79. toilet 前加 the 此处 toilet 是双方都明白的,故用定冠词 the 修饰。 80.passing→passed 句中的主语 message 为 pass 的动作承受者, 故 passing 改为 passed。 81. was told tell 后跟双宾的及物动词, tell sb that-clause, tell 后无间接宾语, 故用被动语态。 82.immediate→immediately。副词修饰动词 stopped,故 immediate 改为 immediately。 83.or→and。并列的不定式,表示肯定含义用 and 连接。 84. mile→miles 15 修饰 mile,故应用复数形式。 85. in→with。 在某人的帮助之下 with one’s help 或者 with the help of sb。

【英语卷(解析)·2015 届河北省唐山市高三 9 月模拟考试(201409)WORD 版】第一节短 文改错(共 10 小题:每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均限一词。 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 It was a year ago when Joshua got a bike for Christmas, but he rode it every day. One morning, he suddenly found the bike gone. Ran to his front yard, he saw a man loading it into his car. He shouted, but the man drive off. As a devoted Christian, he told his dad he real forgave the thief. What's more, he wanted the thief know he was forgiven. So the next day, he posted the message on a poster-board and put it in the front yard. "To the person who stole my bike: You hurt my feeling. But I am a Christian and I forgive him!" When he left for home the next morning, at the end of the driveway, the bike was back with new brakes. 【答案】 【知识点】E1 短文改错记叙文 【文章综述】本文讲述一个善良的人用爱心感动盗贼的故事 【答案解析】 1. when –that 前。 2. but—and 考查连词。句意:一年前因为圣诞节周华得了一辆自行,并且每天都骑 考查强调句。句意:一年前因为圣诞节周华得了一辆自行车。强调一年

着它。两个句子之间是并列关系。 3. Ran—Running 考查非谓语动词。句意:他跑到前院,看到一个男人正在把他的自行

车装到他的车上。两个句子共用一个主语,he 与 run 之间是主动关系。 4. drive—drove 考查动词的时态。句意:他叫喊但那个男人开车跑了。But 连接的两

个句子时态保持一致。 5. real---really 个小偷。 6. the thief 后面加 to 考查动词用法。Want sb to do 想让某人做某事。 7. the message—a 一次提到故用 a. 8. feeling---feelings 考查名词。句意:你伤害我的感情。Feelings 表示感情。 9. him—you 考查代词。句意:但我是个基督徒,我原谅你。 考查冠词。句意:因此第二天,他前院的海报上写一个短信;因为第 考查副词 句意: 作为一个虔诚的基督徒, 他告诉父亲他真的原谅了那

10. left for 去掉 for 考查动词。句意:当他第二天早上离开家时。Leave A for B 离开 A 地 去 B 地。

【英语卷 (解析) · 2015 届河北省石家庄二中高三开学考试 (201408) 】 第三节 短文改错 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) Patience is of great important in our daily life. Once I waited a bus to come at a stop. 30 minutes past, but no bus came. Both upset and annoyed, I decided to walk on feet. But no sooner had I left when the bus arrived. I thought if I had waited for one more minute, I would have caught it. If I chose to take a next bus, I would have to wait for other 30 minutes. Only then do I realize my problem. Being impatient will possibly waste all the effort that we have put it in. Now whenever I am close to lose my patience, I’ll think of this experience 【答案】 【知识点】E1 短文改错记叙文 【文章综述】本文以自己等车这件事为例说明耐心的重要性 【答案解析】 1. importance 考查固定句型。句意:耐心在我们的生活中非常的重要。Be of importance 等 于 be important 。 2. waited for (加 for) 考查固定短语。Wait for sth 等待。 。 3. past-passed 考查动词的时态。句意:30 分钟过去了,但没有一辆车来。根据 but no

bus came 用一般过去时。

4. on foot 5. when-than

考查固定短语。句意:沮丧又着急,我决定步行去。On foot 步行 考查固定句型。No sooner ...than 一。 。就

6. take the next bus 考查固定短语。 句意:如果我选择下一辆车的话,我还得再等待三十 分钟。The next bus 下一趟车。 7. another 30 minutes 考查搭配。 句意: 如果我选择下一辆车的话, 我还得再等待三十分钟。 Another 30 minutes 再三十分钟。 8. did I realize 装 。 9. put 后 it 去掉 考查定语从句。句意: 耐心会浪费掉所有你所投入的努力。that we have 考查倒装 句意:只有这时我才意识到我的问题。Only +状语 +部分倒

put in 是 all the effort 的定语从句。 10. losing 考查固定短语。Close to 靠近, to 是介词,故后面用动名词的形式。

【英语卷(解析)·2015 届河北省衡水中学高三小一调考试(201408)扫描版】第三节 短文 改错(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌的以下作文,文中共有 10 出语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加,删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号,并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线划掉

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改的词。 It is well-known that good habits do us good all our life. Entered high school. I took delight in having fast food and often eat too much. In the end, I was so series overweight that I suffered a lot from my awkward appearance. It made matters worse was the fact that my classmates made a fun of me at times. From now on, I made up my mind to avoiding snacks. In the meanwhile, I took off jogging to lose weight. In my surprise, it was not long until I did succeed in creating my new appearance. Only then did I start to appreciate the importance of developing a good habit.

【答案】 【知识点】E1 短文改错记叙文 【文章综述】文章讲述的是好习惯会让人受益终生,作者的减肥之路。 【答案解析】 1. Entered---Entering 考查非谓语动词。句意:我进入高中,我很喜欢吃快餐并且吃得很

多 。两个句子共用一个主语 I ,与 enter 之间是主谓关系,故用现在分词的形式。 2. eat—ate 考查动词的时态。 句意: 我进入高中, 我很喜欢吃快餐并且吃得很多。

Took 与 eat 由 and 来连接,两个动词的时态保持一致。 3. serious—seriously 考查副词。句意:我非常胖以致于外表很丑陋。Seriously 用来修饰 形容词 overweight. 4. It ---what 考查主语从句。句意:更糟糕的是同学们经常嘲笑我。What made

matters worse 引导主语从句。 5. 去掉 a 6. now—then 时起。 7. avoiding---avoid 考查动词短语。Make up one’s mind to do 下定决心做某事; 8. off—up up 从事。 9. In—To 10. until---before 不久之后。 【英语卷(解析) ·2015 届广西桂林十八中高三上学期第一次月考(201409) 】第一节 短 文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) (注:本题为新课改内容) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线(___) ,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 In the first day when I went to work in a very famous restaurant, my boss complained that there were very a few people coming for dinner. So I am “invited” to have a meal in the restaurant. After ordered two French dishes and some food, I began to look frequently at their watch timing the serving of the meal. Meanwhile, I looked around to see that there was anything else wrong there. I wrote something improper down secret. My meal was not serving yet. I looked at my watch 32 minutes passed! I realized that wait too long for service was the main reason why the 考查固定短语。To one’s surprise 使某人感到吃惊的是。 考查连词。句意:不久之后 ,我转型成功。It was not long before …. 考查固定短语。句意:与此同时,我开始慢跑减肥。Take off 关掉;take 考查固定短语。Make fun of 取笑某人。 考查时间状语。句意:从那时起,我下决心不吃零食。根据句意,从那

business was poor. Then I wrote a report about my findings and presented it the boss. 【答案】 【知识点】E1 短文改错记叙文 【答案解析】 71. 第一句 第一个in改为on。 在具体的某一天用介词on。 72. a few 改为few。 老板抱怨没几个人来餐馆吃晚饭。 73. 第二句 am改为was。讲述过去的事情,用一般过去时。 74. 第三句 ordered改为 ordering。 Order的逻辑主语是主句的主语I, I和order是逻辑上的主谓 关系,所以用ordering。 75. their改为my。 本句的主语是I ,它的形容词性物主代词是my。 76. 第四句that改为whether。我环顾四周看看是否还有别的不对的地方。 77. 第五句 secret改为secretly 修饰动词短语write down,要用副词。 78. 第六句 serving改为served。Meal 和serve是被动关系,饭还没有被端上来。 79. 第八句 wait改为waiting。 动名词短语作主语。 80. 第九句 the boss前加to。present sth to sb 将某物呈献给某人 【英语卷 (解析) · 2014 届西藏自治区高三最后一次模拟统一考试 (201405) 】 E1 第一节 短 文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中 共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:把缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:1.在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 I am writing to ask for whether you are able to do me a favor. I want to have a pen pal, hopefully a girl in the early twenties, and with interests similarly to mine. In my mind, he is someone interesting in traveling, swimming, and playing table tennis. Beside, it will be better for her to have a pet dog as I have been keeping one at home for some time. With such pen pal, I hope I can share with her my experiences in traveling, taking care of pets, or whichever we have in common. I believed I will improve my English by doing so and learning more about her country. I am looking forward to hearing from you soon. 【答案】 1.把 for 去掉 ask for 意为“请求” 。这里是“问询”之意,故去掉 for 2.the 改为 her in one's twenties 在某人二十几岁的时候 3.similarly 改为 similar similar to 是后置定语修饰 interests。要用形容词形式。 4.he 改为 she 这里指代的是 a girl,所以要用 she。 5.interesting 改为 interested be interested in 对……感兴趣。这里同第 3 题,interested 作 后置定语。 6.Beside 改为 Besides beside adv.旁边地。besides adv.除此之外。这两个为易混词, 应特别注意。 7.such 后加 a such a pen pal 这样一个笔友。such a 如此一个。 8.whichever 改为 whatever whatever 无论什么,强调不明什么对象。whichever 无论哪 个,强调在明确的对象中不知要选哪个。 9.believed 改为 believe 根据后面的从句的时态可知这里是一般现在时。 10.learning 改为 learn learn 是 will 的宾语所以用原形。 【英语卷(解析) ·2015 届浙江省重点中学协作体高考摸底测试(201408) 】E1 第一节:短 文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 下面文中共有 10 处语言错误,要求你在错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(/\) ,并在该句下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 In order to realize his dream, Bill Gates, richest man in the world, gave up studying in Harvard University, that is the most famous in the world. He set up a company and researching the computer software. An old saying go, “Interest is the best teacher.” I quite agree with this idea. I began to be crazy about English when I was a little girl. I got extreme interested in foreign cultures or customs. To meet me curiosity, I read in English stories every day. It seemed to be the best “meal” of a day. As a result, I always did very well in English exam. Interest is the key of success. 【答案】 1.richest 前加 the 形容词最高级前应加 the。 2.that 改为 which 此处是非限制性定语从句,指物只能用 which 引导。 3.researching 改为 researched 或去掉 and 非谓语动词与主句之间不能有任何连词 连接, 故应去掉 and 或把 researching 改为 researched, researched 与 set 一起作并列谓语动词。 4.go 改为 goes 主语为 an old saying,谓语动词应用单三形式。 5. extreme 改为 extremely 修饰形容词 interested 应用副词形式。 6. or 改为 and 肯定句中应用 and,表示“和” 。 7.when 改为 until not…until…直到……才,故将 when 改为 until。 8.me 改为 my curiosity 为名词,其前应用形容词性物主代词。 9.exam 改为 exams exam 为可数名词,此处应用复数形式。 10.of 改为 to the key to success 成功的关键。 【英语卷(解析) ·2015 届河北省唐山一中高二下学期期末考试(201407) 】E1 第一节:短 文改错 (共 10 分,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 该文中共有十处错误,每句中最多有两处,错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线( \)划掉。 修改: 在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2、只允许修改十处, 多者(从第 11 处起) 不计分。 When Joe left university, he got a good job in a bike’s factory. And after he had worked there for some years, he decided to have a change. So he put a notice several newspapers, says what experience he had and the kind of job he would like to have. One of the answer he received was from a man who was looking for a job either. This man wrote to him, “Dear sir, when you get a new job, to be kind enough to give your name and address to your present boss as I have been trying to find a position like yours for a long time.” After he had finished reading the letter, he suddenly realizes what he had done was real foolish.

【答案】 1. bike 后去掉’s 考查名词。句意:当乔离开大学时,他在自行车公司得到一个工作。 2. And--But 3. notice 加 in 4. says 改 saying 5. answer 后回 s 6. either 改 too 7. to be 去掉 to 8. your--my 址。 9. realizes 改为 realized 考查动词的时态。根据上文提到 After he had finished reading the letter 可知整个句子用一般过去时。 10. real 改为 really 考查副词。句意:他会突然意识到他所做的是多么的蠢。 考查连词。句意:但是当他在这工作许多年后,决定改变一下。 考查介词。句意:因此他在报纸投放一个广告。 考查非谓语动词。句意:因此他报纸上投放一个广告,说他的经历与 考查名词。One of 后面加名词复数。 考查副词。Either 用于肯定的也,而 too 用于否定的也。 考查祈使句。To do 表目的。Be kind 是祈使句。 考查代词。 当你得到一个新工作的时候, 给你的前任老板你的名字与地

E2 短文改错应用文
【英语卷(解析) ·2015 届云南省玉溪一中高三上学期第一次月考(201409) 】第一节:短

文改错 (共 10 分;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) Do you read reviews after you see a movie? I use to do that, but I usually regretted. I read so much about a movie on advance that I often ended up not go to see it at all. The writers point out everything that is wrong with the film, but seldom mentions anything good about one. They also tell many things and even the ending of the movie. Lately I have changed way I choose movies to watch. I read reviews afterwards if necessary. What is very importance to me is that I don’t watch the talk shows in that people discuss movies. And I don’t ask other people how they like of it. Now, I enjoy myself even more. 改错:
【答案】 【知识点】E2 短文改错应用文 【思路点拨】短文改错中的错误都是学生们经常犯的错误,修改时应考虑语法和词法知识,

如动词、名词、形容词等形式的变化等。 【答案解析】 1.after—before 因为是在看电影之前看评论,故 after 改为 before。 2.use—used 过去常常,used to do sth。 3.on—in in advance 固定搭配, “提前” 。 4.go—going end up doing sth 结束做某事。 5.mentions—mention 主语为 the writers,mention 与 point 为并列的谓语动词,故不能用单 三形式。 6.one—it it 代指前文的 film。 7.way 前加 the the way 后跟定语从句,表示特指。 8.importance—important important 形容词作表语。 9.that-which 引导词前有介词 in,故应用 which 引导定语从句。 10.of 去掉 like 为及物动词,不能加任何介词。 【英语卷(解析) ·2015 届宁夏银川一中高三上学期第一次月考(201408) 】第一节:短文 改错 (共 10 分;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下短文。 短文中 共有 10 处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改: 在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2、只允许修改 10 处, 多者(从第 11 处起) 不计分。 Dear Peter, I’m very glad to receive your e-mail asking for information about the host family we have arranged you to stay with. Locating in a beautiful and quiet neighborhood, the house was big enough to enable you to have a room of your own.Apart from the convenient public transportation, our private car will make your visits difficult.Because all the family members can speak fluently English and have outgoing personalities, I’m sure you will have no trouble to communicating with them.Above all, they hosted the American student last year, through that they gained lots of experience. In addition, the hostess cooking will guarantee you a wonderful chance of tasting delicious Chinese food. Hope you enjoy your stay here. Yours, Li Hua 【答案】 【知识点】E2 短文改错应用文 【答案解析】 Dear Peter, I’m very glad to receive your e-mail asking for information about the host family we have arranged∧ you to stay with. for Locating in a beautiful and quiet neighborhood, the house was big enough to enable you Located is to have a room of your own. Apart from the convenient public transportation, our private car will make your visits their difficult.Because all the family members can speak fluently English and have outgoing

easy

fluent

personalities, I’m sure you will have no trouble to communicating with them.Above all, they hosted the American student last year, through that they gained lots of experience.In addition, an which the hostess cooking will hostess’ guarantee you a wonderful chance of tasting delicious Chinese food. Hope you enjoy your stay here. Yours, Li Hua

E3 短文改错议论文
【英语卷(解析) ·2015 届河北省邯郸市馆陶县一中高三 7 月调研考试(201407) 】E3 第一 节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。

【答案】 71.had 改为 have 解析:考查动词的时态。句意:许多年轻人都有抽烟的习惯,尽管他们

还是中学生。整个文章用一般现在时来叙述客观事实,故用一般现在时。 72. student 改为 students。 解析: 考查名词的单复数。 句意: 虽然他们还是中学生, 根据 they 来判断用复数形式。

73.do 改为 does 在时来叙述。

解析:考查动词的时态。Do harm to 对。 。有害。整篇文章用一般现

74. realized 后的 that 去掉 解析:考查宾语从句。句意:越来越多的人意识到这个问题的严 重性。Relize 后面引导宾语从句由 how 来引导,故把 that 去掉。 75.boring 改为 bored 76. other 改为 others 解析:考查形容词辨析。Be bored with 厌烦。 。 。 解析:考查代词。与上文提到 some people 相呼应。 解析:考查反身代词。句意:其它人认为抽烟能清醒自己。

77.himself 改为 themselves 与 others 相呼应。

78. causing 改为 caused 解析:考查动词的。句意:事实上,抽烟导致了许多疾病。这是 个叙述过去发生的事,故用一般过去时。 79. the waste of money 中 the 改为 a 解析:考查冠词。A waste of sth 浪费某物。

80. danger 改为 dangerous 解析:考查形容词。句意:而且粗心的抽烟的人可能会引发危险 的火灾。

E4 短文改错说明文


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