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高考词汇(首字母O-T开头)


O obey v.服从;听从 object vi.不赞成;反对 vt.提出 …作为反对的 理由 n.物体;目标,宗旨 objection n.反对 objective adj.客观存在的; 客 观的;如实的;目标的 n.目的,目标,宗旨 They obey their parents (1)What are those strange objects? (2)Our object

is to get the truth. (3)He did not object (4)Nobody offered any object ion. (5)They failed to carry out their objectives. (6)He tried to take an objective view of the situation. Poverty obliged her to have a hard life (1)He observes carefully but says little (2)observe the rules (3)It is under observation She felt that her family was an obstacle to her work You shouldn’t obvious lies tell such 他们服从父母 (1)那些奇怪的物体是什么? (2)我们的目标就是得到真理 (3)他没有反对 (4)没有人提出 任何反对意见 (5)他们没有实 现自己的目标 (6)他试图对形 势有个客观的 看法

oblige vt.迫使 observe vt.观察;遵守 observation n.观察;注意

贫穷迫使她过着艰难的生活 (1)他认真观察但说得很少 (2)遵守规则 (3)它正在观察中 她感到她的家庭是她工作的 障碍 你不应该说这么明显的谎话 (1)我只有在特殊场合才带领 带 (2)把两头扎 起来 (3)临时工 作人员 (1)他专注于运动 (2)教育职业 (1)我希望这不要再发生了 她那么做很奇怪 你要惹我生气了 (1)政府官员 (2)他们有些官方数据 她失去了这个好机会 我再一次被表扬 他偶尔去看他们 他的观点太偏激 (1)开瓶器 (2)开幕式

obstacle n.障碍物 obtain vt.取得;获得 obvious adj.显而易见的,明 显的 occasion n.场合;时刻 occasional adj.偶尔的 tie n.领带;领结 vt. 拴,扎,系上 occupation n.工作;职业 occupy vt.占据;占有 occur vi.发生;被想起 odd adj.古怪的 offend vt.冒犯;得罪 official adj.官方的;正式的 n.官员 omit vt.省略;遗漏 once again 再一次 once in a while 偶尔 one-sided adj.单边的 opener n.开启者;开具 opening adj.开始的 opera n.歌剧

Where can I obtain the book? 我可以从哪里得到这本书

(1)I only wear a tie on special occasions (2)Tie the ends together (3)an occasional workman (1)Sports occupy his attention (2)educational occupation (1)I hope this won’t occur again It was odd of her to do that You will offend me (1)a government official (2)They have got some official figures She omitted the good chance I have been praised once again He went to see them once in a while His opinion is rather onesided (1)a bottle opener (2)opening ceremony

operate vi.工作;运 转;活动 ; (1)The machine is operating properly 施行手术,开刀;作战 vt. 操作;运 营; 对 … 动手 (2)The doctor decided to operation n.操作;运转;经 营;营业;手术;作战(行 动) operator n.操作员;报务员 opponent n.对手 oppose vi.反对;反抗 opposite n.对立面;对立物 adj.对面的;反对的 adv.在对面;对过 oppress vt.压迫;压制 oral adj.口头的;口的 orchestra n.管弦乐队 order n.次 序 ;整 齐 ; 序( 常 (1)The items are listed in 秩 作~s)命令;定购 vt.叫(菜、 order of importance 饭、饮料等) ;整 理;命令 (2)His desk is always in order (3)The young teacher cannot keep order in her classroom (4)The teacher ordered silence (5)You can order tickets by telephone orderly adj.整齐的;有秩序 的 ordinary adj.普通的, 平常的 organ n.器官;机构 It’s an orderly room an ordinary person (1)There are many organs in a man’s body (2)an organ of government (1)What’s the origin of your anxiety? (2)original sample He became an orphan operate at once (3)The company will soon begin operation (4)a computer operator He beat his opponent in the election I will not oppose you (1)on the opposite wall (2)The chief of the group has gone over to the opposite She is often oppressed by him oral examination

(1)机器在正常地运转 (2)医生决定立刻手术 (3)公司将很快投入运营 (4)电脑操作员

他在选举中击败了对手 我不会反对你 (1)在对面的墙上 (2)组织的头头归降了对方 她经常受他的压制 口试 (1)这些项目是按照重要性的 顺序列出来的 (2)他的桌子经 常很整齐 (3)这年轻教师无法 维持课程 秩序 (4)教师命令肃静 (5)你可以通过电话订票

这是个整齐的房间 一个普通人 (1)在一个人身体里有很多器 官 (2)一个政府的机构 (1)你焦虑的根源是什么? (2)原始样本 他成了孤儿

origin n.起源 original adj.最初的;原始的 orphan n.孤儿 adj.孤儿的 orphanagen.孤儿院 other than 除了 ounce n. 盎司(英制重量单 位) ;一点点;少量 out of 缺乏;没有 outcome n.结果 outer adj.外面的;外部的

Does anybody other than yourself know this? (1)six ounces of cheese, please (2)the last ounce of oil Fish will die out of water an unwelcome outcome The outer door needs repairing.

除了你自己还有其他人知道 这个吗? (1)六盎司奶酪 (2)最后一点油 没有水鱼就会死 一个不受欢迎的结果 外门需要修一下

outline n.提纲;要点 vt.概述;概括

(1)Make an outline before (1)写作之前先写个提纲 trying to write a composition. (2)他概述了他的职责 (2)He outlined his responsibilities. (1)I have a good outlook from my bedroom (2)He has a broad outlook on life Grain output reached a new high in the three years (1)He got injured on the outward journey. Say the words over and over to yourself overall production They overcame the enemy easily. (1)The milk is overflowing (2)The overflow form the bath ran onto the floor (1)从我的卧室有很好的景色 (2)他的人生观十分豁达

outlook n.观点,看法;景色, 景致

output n.产量;输出 outward adj.向外的 adv.向外 over and over 一再地、再三 地 overall adj.总的;综合的 overcoat n.外套;大衣 overcome vt.克服 overflow vi.泛滥;溢出;充 满 n.泛滥;溢出(物)

谷类产量三年间达到了新的 高度 (1)他在外出旅游中受伤了 把这些话自己重复几遍吧 总产量 他们轻松地战胜了敌人 (1)牛奶溢出来了 (2)浴缸里的水溢到了地板上 (1)头顶上的鸟飞走了 (2)一架飞机在头上飞 她整夜呆在酒店里 (1)海外华侨 (2)他被派往国外 在角落里超车是很危险的 他把他的健康归功于锻炼 (1)仍然欠 10 美元 (2)由于坏天气我们没有去上 学

overhead adj.在头顶上的; (1)The overhead bird flew 上 away 面的;高架的 adv.在头顶上;在上面 (2)A plane flew overhead overnight adv.在整个夜里 overseas adj.在国外的 adv.在国外;向国外 She stayed overnight in the hotel. (1)an overseas Chinese (2)He was sent overseas

overtake vt.超(车);赶上;超 It is dangerous to overtake at the corner 过 owe vt.把…归功于;应感激 He owed his health to plenty of exercise. owing adj.欠着的,未付的 owing to 由于 (1)There was still ten dollars owing (2)Owing to the bad weather, we didn’t go to school.

oxygen n.氧,氧气 P pace n.(一)步;步速 Pacificadj.太平洋的 ThePacific 太平洋 pack n.包(裹);<美>小包(或 盒、箱、袋等) ;<贬>一 伙 , 一帮;大量 v.(把…)打包(或装箱) package n. 中 、 小 型 的 包 (裹) ;一揽子交易(或计划 等) vt.把…打包(或装箱) I can’t walk at that pace 我不能以那种步速行走

(1)The pack of clothes is mine (2)Pack your things at once (3)He brought me a large package. (4)Those chocolates have been packaged very attractively

(1)这包衣服是我的 (2)立刻把你的东西打包 (3)他给我带来一个大包裹 (4)那些巧克力被包装得很有 吸引力

packet n.小包(或盒、袋、捆 a packet of cigarettes 等) ;一小批(或群等) ;大 量 painful adj.疼痛的; 引起痛苦 It is painful that Tom will fail the exam 的 paint n.油漆;颜料;涂料 vt.用(颜料等)画;油漆 paintingn.绘画;绘画作品 Chinesepainting(中国)国画 palace n.宫;宫殿 pale adj.苍白的;灰白的 pan n.平底锅(或盆、盘等 ) ; 盘状器皿;盆地;洼地 panda n.熊猫 pants <美>裤子 parade n.游行;队列;阅兵 vi.游行;列队行进(或接受 检阅) (1)The army paraded around the square (2)The Olympic Games began with a parade of all the competing nations (1)two parallel lines (2)The line is a parallel with that one (3)The street parallels the railway (1)A car parked in front of the building He has a pale face (1)a pan of water (1)Don’t touch the door, the paint is wet (2)He painted the picture

一包烟

汤姆这次考试不及格会很让 人痛心 (1)不要碰门,油漆还没干呢 (2)他画了这副画

他脸色苍白 (1)一锅水

(1)部队绕广场行进 (2)奥运会以所有参赛国列队 进场开始

parallel adj.平行的 n.平 行 线 (或 曲 线 、 ) 面 v.使平行;与…平行 adv.平行地 parcel n.包裹;小包 park n.公园;停车场 vt.停放(车辆等) parkingn.停车;车位;停车 场地 noparking 禁止停车 parrot n.鹦鹉 part n.部分;零件;地区;角 色 vi.分开;分成几个部 分;分 手,分别 play a part (in)(在…中)起作 用 take part in 参加 participate vi.参与 participantn.参加者 particular adj.特定的;特殊 的 particularly adv.特别;尤其 pass on 传递;传授

(1)两条平行线 (2)这条线和那条线平行 (3)这条街道和火车道平行

(1)一辆车停在楼前

(1)A whole consists parts (2)The crowd parked to let the soldiers through (3)He would like to play a part in this historic process (4)John takes part in many school activities The teacher participated the students’ game (1)This is a particular case (2)He isn’t particularly clever Would you like to pass the dictionary to Mary?

(1)整体由部分组成 (2)人群散开让士兵通过 (3)他 希望在这个历史进程中 起到 作用 (4)John 参加了很多学校活动

老师加入了学生的游戏中 (1)这是个特殊情况 (2)他不是特别聪明 你把这个字典传给 Mary 好 吗?

passage n.通 过 ;经 过 ; 法 案 (1)The house ( has an 等的)通过;过道;通道; underground passage. 航道; (文章的)一节、一段 (2)With the passage of time, the incident was forgotten (3)I will read you another passage passer-by (过)路人 passion n.热情、激情 passport n.护照 password n.口令 pat v./n.轻拍;轻打 patience n.忍耐;耐心 patient n.病人 adj.耐心的 patriotic adj.爱国的 pattern n.模范,典范;模式, 样式;图案,花样 He patted my head (1)We haven’t the patience to hear such an empty talk (2)Please be patient patriotic activities (1)He cut a pattern for her own coat (2)It set a pattern for the new employees He paused a moment pave a road He could not control his passion

(1)房子有个地下通道 (2)随着时间的流逝,那个事 件被忘记了 (3)我将再给你读 一段

他无法控制他的激情

他轻拍我的头 (1)我们没有耐心听这种空话 (2)请耐心 爱国行动 (1)他为他自己的衣服剪了个 样子 (2)它为新员工树立了榜样 他停了一会儿 铺马路

pause vi./n.暂停;终止 pave vt.铺(路) pavementn.<英>人行道(=< 美)sidewalk) peaceful adj.安宁的 peach n.桃子 peak n.山峰;顶点 peanut n.花生、花生米 pear n.梨 pearl n.珍珠 peasant n.农民 peculiar adj.奇怪的;独特的 penny [复数]pennies 或 pence 便士 percentage n. 百分比 ,百分 率; (全部中的)所占比例 perform v.演出;做,进行; 执行 performance n.表演;进行; 表现 performern.表演者;执行者 permanent adj.长久的;永久 的 permission n.允许,准许 permit vt.允许,许可

a peaceful afternoon He is at the peak of his career

一个宁静的下午 他在事业的巅峰

(1)The wine has a peculiar taste

(1)这酒有种奇怪的味道

Television attracts a large percentage of people (1)He always performs his duties faithfully (2)The pianist gave a fine performance permanent employee (1)We will have our meeting here, if you permit us. (2)Did he give you permission to take that?

电视吸引了大批人 (1)他一直忠实地履行自己的 职责 (2)这位钢琴家演奏得很出色

终身雇员 (1)如果你允许,我们将在这 里开会 (2)他允许你拿那个了吗?

persevere vi.坚持

Although he is in poor health, 尽管他身体不好,但他仍然 he still perseveres in his 坚持学习 studies He persisted that he did the work alone He has personality a powerful 他坚持独自完成工作 他个性坚强 我会劝服他吃药

persist vi.坚持;固执 personality n.个性 persuade vt.说服,劝服 pet n.宠物;玩赏动物 phenomenon [ 数]phenomena 现象 philosophy n.哲学 photographern.摄影者 photographic adj.摄影的;摄 影般的 photography n.摄影术;摄影 physical adj.物理的; 自然的; 身体的 physiciann.(内科)医生 physicistn.物理学家 physiologyn.生理学 pick out 分辨出;挑出 复

I shall persuade him to take the medicine social phenomenon

社会现象

(1)photographic materials (2)Photography is not taught in our school (1)physical change (2)physical training

(1)摄影材料 (2)摄影在我们学校不教

(1)物理变化 (2)体育

They have picked out the best items in the menu

他们在菜单出挑出了最好的 菜 (1)他抱起了孩子 (2)他很快学会了法语 (3)John 会在那里接你 有一年春天学校安排了次郊 游

pick up 拾 起 ; 学 会 ; 用车 、 (1)He picked up the child ( (2)He soon picked up French 船)接人 (3)John will pick you up there picnic n.野餐 pie n.馅饼 pigeon n.鸽 pile n.堆;叠 pill n.药丸;药片 pilot n.飞行员;领航员 pin n.别针;发夹 pine n.松树 pink n.粉红色 adj.粉红色的 pint n.品脱(容量单位) pioneer n.先锋 PLA(the People’s Liberation Army 的缩写)人民解放军 PLA man 人民解放军 plainn.平原 adj.明白的;平易的 plantation n.种植园 (1)She is in plain clothes (2)The figures in the picture are very plain He is a pioneer in physics Those roses are pink Collect the books and put them in a pile He took a few pills On spring day the school arranged a picnic

收集好书然后放在一起 他吃了几片药

那些玫瑰是粉色的

他是物理方面的先驱

(1)她穿着朴素的衣服 (2)照片里的数字很清楚

plastic adj.塑料的;可塑的 n.(常用复数)塑料 plate n.盘子;碟子 platform n.站台,月台 plentiful adj.充足的;多的 plug n.电插头 plunge vi.跳入;陷入 plus prep.加,加上;且有 poetry n.(总称)诗;诗篇 point at 指着 poison n.毒药;毒物 vt.毒死;使中毒 vi.放毒,下毒 poisonous adj.有毒的 policy n.政策

(1)The mind of a young child is quite plastic (2)plastic bowl Your train is waiting at Platform 5. Fruit is plentiful this year The man plunged in the river (1)What is one plus two? Poetry is a difficult art It is rude to point your fingers at people (1)It was deadly poison (2)It poisoned many people (3)The medicine is poisonous The government must make new policies to reduce unemployment. They polished the car

(1)孩子的思想很具可塑性 (2)塑料碗

你要乘坐的火车在第五号站 台 今年水果很多 那个男人跳到水里 (1)1+2=? 诗歌是个很难得艺术 用手指指人是很鲁莽的 (1)它是致命的毒药 (2)它毒死了很多人 (3)药是有毒的 政府必须采取新的措施来减 少失业 他们擦亮了车

polish vt.磨光;擦亮 political adj.政治的 politician n.政治家;政治活 动 pollute vt.污染,弄脏 pollution n.污染

(1)He was forced to leave his (1)由于政治原因他被迫离开 motherland for political 了自己的祖国 (2)年轻的政治家 reasons (2)a young politician (1)Garbage pollutes our rive rs. (2)New laws will reduce pollution of the rivers (1)垃圾污染了我们的河流 (2)新法律会降低河水的污染

pond n.池塘 pool n.水池;水塘 swimming pool 游泳池 pop adj.大众的;流行的 pork n.猪肉 port n.港口 porter n.门卫;搬运工 portable adj.可携带的 portion n.一部分;一份 portrait n.肖像;画像 position n.位置;方位 positive adj.积极的;明确的 possess vt.占有;拥有 post n.柱 vt.张贴(布告等) a portable computer She ordered a portion of fried eggs These portraits are great pieces of paints Can you find your position on this map? (1)give a positive answer (2)a positive attitude What do they possess? (1)Post this notice on the wall 便携式电脑 她定了一份煎蛋 这些画像都是艺术精品 你能在这份地图中找到你的 位置吗? (1)给一个明确的回答 (2)积极的态度 他们有什么? (1)把这份告示贴在墙上 an excellent port 一个很出色的港口 pop music 流行音乐

postn.邮政 (1)He posted the letter this morning vt.邮寄;投寄 postoffice 邮局 (2)Did you pay the postage? postage n.邮费,邮资 postal adj.邮政的;邮局的 postalcode 邮政编码 postmann.邮递员 postmastern.邮政局(或所) 长 postcardn.明信片 post n.职务,职位; (军警等 的)岗位 postpone vt.推迟;延期 pot n.罐;壶 potential adj.潜在的; 可能的 pour vt.倒;流出;吐出 powder n.粉末;火药 practical adj.实践 的; 实际 的;实用的 Ask him whether he would accept the post They postponed leaving because of the weather tea pot a potential problem He poured a glass of water milk powder (1)He lacks practical experience (2)He is studying practical English Shall I praise you for this? We prayed that he would recover He has sent precious gifts I can’t predict it She is a pregnant woman You honor us with your presence We presented him a basketball on his birthday (1)He judged the present situation badly (2)How many of the group are present today? (3)Presently I got the whole story Ice helps to preserve food He pretended illness Preview your article before posting The author mentioned it in the previous paragraph His pride in his achievement is justified me most

(1)今天早上他寄了信件 (2)你们付了邮费了吗?

问问他是否能接受这个职位 他们因为天气问题而延迟离 开 茶水壶 一个潜在的问题 他倒了杯水 乳粉 (1)他缺乏实际经验 (2)他正在学习实用英语

praise vt.,n.表扬,赞扬 praise…for 为…赞扬 pray vt.祈祷;祈求 precious adj.珍贵的;贵重的 predict vt.预言;预报 pregnant adj.怀孕的 presence n.在场;出席 present n.礼物 vt.赠送,提供 present n.现在,目前 adj.现在的,目前的; (一般 作表语)出席的 presently adv.不久;即将

我可以因为这个表扬你吗? 我们祈祷他会康复 他送给我很重的礼物 我无法预测它 她是个孕妇 您的莅临给我们莫大的光荣 他生日那天我们送给他一个 篮球 (1)他很糟糕地错估了当前的 形势 (2)今天该组多少人出 席 (3)很快我便了解了所有 情况

preserve vt.保护;保存 pretend v.假装 preview vt.预习 previous adj.先的,先前的 pride n.自豪;骄傲

冰有助于保存食物 他假装生病 在发表之前先预览下你的文 章 作者在前面一段提到了它 他在成就方面的骄傲是有道 理的

primary adj.最初的; 初等的; 主要的;基本的

(1)The primary of Tom’s (1)Tom 失败的主要原因是他 failure is his laziness 的懒惰 (2)the primary stage of (2)文明的初级阶段 civilization These machines both work on the same principle 这两台机器都是按同样的工 作原理工作 (1)酗酒是公路死亡的最重要 原因

prince n.王子 principle n.原理

principal adj.主要的; 最重要 (1)Drinking is the principal 的 n.中(小)学的校长;< cause of highway deaths 英> 大学校长 print vt.印刷 publish vt.出版;发行 publication n.出 版;发 行;出 版物 private adj.私人的;私有的 procedure n.程序;手续,步 骤 proceed vi.继续进行 process vt.处理;加工 n.过程;步骤;方法;程序 (1)The publisher has printed 10000 copies of the book. (2)publish a book (3)The book is ready for publication private life They followed the usual proc edures They will proceed to build another building (1)How fast does the computer process the data? (2)The bridge is in the process of being built (1)This failed to produce the desired effect (2)My bike is a home product (3)We are aiming at a higher production level (4)They live on the productive land

(1)这本书出版社已经印了 10000 册 (2)出版一本 书 (3)这本书准备出 版了 私生活 他们遵守一般的程序 他们将着手建立另一幢大楼 (1)电脑处理数字有多快? (2)桥正在建造中

produce v.制造;生产 product n.产品 production n.生产 productive adj.生产的;富有 成效的

(1)这个没有产生预期的效果 (2)我的自行车是国产的 (3)我 们目标是更高的产量水 平 (4)他们生活在富有的土地上

profession n.职业 (1)Teaching is her profession professional adj. 职 业 ( 性 ) (2)professional actress 的;专业的 profit n.利润;收益 profitable adj.有利的;有收 益的 program(me) n. 节目 ; 节目 单;方案;程序 vt.为…安排 节目(或制定计 划) ;为 (计算机等)编制程 序 (1)What’s the profit of doing that? (2)The business became profitable last year

(1)教书是她的职业 (2)职业演员 (1)做那个的好处是什么? (2)生意去年开始赢利

(1)Please program the (1)请给计算机编程以给我更 computer to give me more 多的信息 (2)电视节目 information (2)television program 它是个进步的想法 雨天阻止了飞行

progressive adj.进步的; 前进 It is a progressive idea 的 prohibit vt.禁止;阻止 Rainy weather prohibited flying

promise v.允诺 n.允诺;诺言 promising adj.有希望的;有 前途的

(1)I want you to promise me (2)I’d like to come with you but that’s not a promise (3)The results of the examination are very promising My son has promoted just been

(1)我想让你向我承诺 (2)我想跟你一起去但这不是 承诺 (3)实验结果充满了希望

promote vt.提升;促进 pronounce vt.发音 pronunciation n.发音 proof n.证明;证据 adj.耐…的;能防…的 proper adj.恰当的;正当的 property n.财产 proportion n.比例 proposal n.提议;建议 propose vt.提议;建议

我的儿子刚刚被提拔 (1)请跟我发音 (2)请纠正我的发音 (1)他鞋上的血迹就是犯罪的 证据 (2)防水材料 他给我一个很好的例子 这辆车是我的财产 投资比例 (1)我建议休息一个小时 (2)请考虑我的建议

(1)Please pronounce after me (2)Please correct my pronunciation (1)The blood on the shoes was the proof of his guilt (2)water-proof material He gave example me a proper

The car is my property proportion of investment (1)I propose resting for an hour (2)Please consider my proposal prospect for gold (1)They decision protested the

prospect v.勘探,斟查 protein n.蛋白质 protest n.抗议;异议,反对 v.(对…)提出异议;抗议 proverb n.谚语;常言;格言 province n.省,行政区 psychological adj. 心理 ( 学 ) 的 psychology n.心理学 pub n.<英>酒店;酒吧 pudding n.布丁(西餐中的松 软甜食) pull vt.拉 pullover n.毛线套衫 pump n.泵 vt.打气;泵水

勘探金子 (1)他们抗议这个决定 “熟能生巧”是句格言 辽宁省 (1)西方心理学 (2)心理学研究

“Practice makes perfect” is a proverb Liaoning Province (1)Western psychology (2)psychological research

You push and I will pull

你推我拉

punch vt.猛击;攻击 punctuation n.标点(符号) punish v.惩罚,处罚 puppy n.小狗 purchase vt.购买 pure adj.纯的;完美的

(1)There was an old- (1)有个老式抽水机用来抽水 fashioned pump for drawing (2)他们正在从游泳池中抽水 water. (2)They are pumping water from the swimming pool He punched the man on the 他猛击男人的头部 head. Who can punish me? We purchased a car before (1)pure drinking water 谁能惩罚我? 我们以前买过一辆车 (1)纯净饮用水

purse n.钱包 pursue vt.追逐;追捕;继续; 从事 put away 把…收起 put forward 提出;建议;把 (钟表指针)前拨 Why pursue an MBA? He put the books away (1)He put forward a plan. (2)Put your watch forward. It’s five minutes slow. 为什么攻读 MBA? 他把书收拾好 (1)他提出一项建议 (2)把你的表往前拨,现在慢 了 5 分钟 (1)他们决定把会议推迟到圣

put off 关掉,熄灭;脱去, (1)They decided to put the m 脱掉;推迟

eeting off until after 诞之后 (2)关掉所有的灯 Christmas. (3)请脱掉你的鞋 (2)Put off all the lights (3)Please put off your shoes (1)He put on his best clothes (2)They are putting on Hamlet (3)She put on the radio and listen to the radio (1)It is rude to put out your tongue at people (2)They quickly put out the fire (3)This magazine is put out every Friday. (4)His mother tongue is Spanish (1)Please put up your hand (2)They put up many buildings last year (3)You have put up a good case (4)We can easily put you up for the night (1)The letter puzzled me. (2)It is still a puzzle for me (1)他穿上了最好的衣服 (2)他们将要上演哈姆雷特 (3)她打开收音机听新闻

put on 穿上;上演;开(灯、 收音机等)

put out 熄灭;出版;公布; 伸出 tongue n.舌(头);语言;方言, 土语

(1)对人吐舌头是不礼貌的 (2)他们很快地熄灭了火 (3)这份杂志每周五出版 (4)他的母语是西班牙语

put up 举起;搭建;提出(计 划等) ;留宿

(1)请举手 (2)去年他们建了很多楼 (3)你 们提出了一个很好的例 证 (4)我们可以很容易留你过夜

puzzle vt.使迷惑 n.难题; 令人费解的事 Q qualification n.资 格 ; 格 证 资 ( 明) qualified adj.合格的; 胜任的

(1)这封信使我迷惑 (2)它对于我还是一个 (1)你有所有的资格做这个工 作 (2)Jane 很适合教师的工作 (3)直到明年我才能胜任作

(1)You have all qualifications to do the job. (2)Jane is well qualified for qualify vt.(使)具有资格; this teaching job. (使)胜任 (3)I won’t qualify until next vi.有资格;胜任 year quality n.性质;特性;品质; 质量;品级 quantity n.量、数量;总量 quarrel vi.,n.争吵,吵嘴;失 和 They are leather goods of high quality What quantity require? Don’t quarrel do you

他们是高质量的皮革制品 你需要多少? 不要争吵

quarter n.四分之一; 一刻钟; (城 市 中 的 ) 区 , 地 区 ; [quarters]住处;营房 theatre n.戏院

(1)Three quarters of the theatre was full (2)a quarter (3)The city has a busy Chinese quarter (4)She lives in single quarter s now

(1)戏院的四分之三满了 (2)一刻钟 (3)城市有个繁 忙的华人区 (4)她现在住 在单身营房

queen n.女王;王后 queue n.辫子;排队 quilt n.被子 quit v.停止;放弃;离去 quiz n.测验 quote vt.引用;援引 R race vi.比速度;参加比赛 vt.和…比速度;和…竞赛 n.赛跑 race n.人种;种族 radar n.雷达 radiation n.辐射 radio n.无线电;无线电话 radioactivity n.放射性 radium n.镭 rail n.铁路;铁轨;横杆;栏 杆 railwayn铁路 rainbow n.彩虹 raise vt.举起; 使升高; 种植; 喂养;筹集 wool n.羊毛 (1)Form then on we raised our head and became our own masters. (2)raise corn (3)They raise sheep for wool. (4)raise money (1)Range the books by size (2)Prices range from $6 to $10. (3)Several cars are available within this price range. (4)The two countries are separated by a range of mountains. (1)从那时起我们抬起头成为 了我们自己的主人 (2)种 玉米 (3)他们养羊为了得 到羊毛 (4)筹集资金 (1)light rail train (2)hold to the rail (1)轻轨火车 (2)抓住栏杆 The sun radiation. warms us by 太阳靠辐射温暖我们 我们通过无线电和船只联系 低水平放射性测量 (1)He is a good swimmer and often races (2)He won the race local race (1) 他是 个 很 好 的 游 泳 运动 员,经常参加比赛 (2)他赢得了比赛 当地人种 My father has quit smoking. They are having a quiz now The author frequently quoted Shakespeare 爸爸已经停止吸烟 他们正在测验 作者经常引用莎士比亚 A long queue formed outside the bank 一条长队排在了银行门外

We contacted with the ship by radio measurement of low level radioactivity

range vt.排列;把…分类 vi.绵 亘 ;延 伸; 在 某 范围内 ) ( 变动,变化 n.排,行;走向; 山脉;范围 等级;幅度;领 域

(1)按照大小把书排分类 (2)价钱变化由 6 美元到 10 美 元 (3)在这个价格范围内有好 几 款车可以被选购 (4)两个 国家被一系列山脉分 开

rank vt.把…排成行,排列; (1)He was promoted to the 把…分等 n.排,列,行;队 rank of mayor. 形;地位; 军衔;等级 (2)He is a physicist of first rank. (3)The soldiers stood in two ranks. (4)Where do you rank Wordsworth? rare adj.稀有的;难得的;不 常见的 rat n.鼠 raw adj.生的;未加工过的 (1)The Japanese often eat raw fish. (2)This is a raw story. X-ray (1)She didn’t react in any way. (2)Their reaction to the joke is to laugh. (1)She stood up readily. (2)He readily agreed with us. (1)a realistic woman (2)The film is very realistic (3)He cannot change reality It is rare to see a man over 160 years old.

(1)他被提升为市长 (2)他是一流的物理学家 (3)士兵们站成两排 (4)你把 Wordsworth 列为哪 一类?

很少见到 160 岁以上的人

(1)日本人经常吃生鱼 (2)这是个未经润色的故事 X 射线 (1)她没有任何反应 (2)他们对于笑话的反应就是 笑 (1)她迅速站起来 (2)他很乐意地同意了我们 (1)一个很现实的女人 (2)这部电影很逼真 (3)他无法改变现实 (1)他实现了他的梦想 (2)他意识到了他的错误吗? 我们在后面袭击敌人 (1)他的反应表现了缺乏理智 (2)人能推理而动物不能 (3)他 争辩到如果我们立刻开 始我 们在中午前可以到达 (4)你的 答案并不合理

ray n.射线;光线 react vi.起反应;起作用 reaction n.反应

readily adv.乐意地;迅速地 realistic adj.现实的;逼真的 reality n.现实;真实

realize vt.认识到;体会到; (1)He realized his dream (2)Does he realize his error 明白;领悟;实现 yet? rear n.后部 reason n.理 由 ; 因 ; 理 力 ; 原 推 理智;道理 v.推论,推理; 劝告,说服 reasonable adj. 讲道理的;合 理的;公道的 We attacked the enemy in the rear. (1)His reaction shows a lack of reason. (2)A man can reason but an animal cannot. (3)He reasoned that if we start at now, we could arrive before noon. (4)Your answer is not reasonable. Most children rebel against school rules. The company is making every effort to rebuild his business I don’t recall when to meet him. (1)I asked for a receipt. (2)You have to sign here and acknowledge receipt.

rebel vi.反叛,造反;武力反 抗 rebuild vt.重建

大部分孩子反叛学校规定 公司正在尽一切努力重建业 务 我回忆不起来什么时候见过 他了 (1)我要了张发票 (2)你不得不在这里签字表示 已经收到

recall vt.回忆,回想 receipt n.收到;发票,收据 reception n.接受;接收;接 待

(30Their school gave a reception to their new principal. recitation n.背诵;朗读 recommend vt.推荐;介绍 recover vt.康复 recreate vi.消遣;娱乐;游戏 recycle v.,n.回收利用 reduce vt.减少;缩小 refer vi.提到;参考 reference n.参考;查阅 Do you like recitation? Can you recommend me a good book? He is very ill and unlikely to recover. I often recreate myself with gardening. We must recycle the boxes The driver reduced driving speed the

(3)他们学校为新校长举行了 个招待会 你喜欢朗读吗? 你能给我推荐本好书吗? 他病得很严重,不太可能康 复了 我经常以园艺为消遣 我们必须回收利用盒子 司机降低了开车速度 (1)不要再提到这件事情了 (2)当你不知道如何拼写一个 单词的时候就查字典 (3)参考 书

(1)Don’t refer to the matter again. (2)Refer to a dictionary when you don’t know how to spell a word. (3)reference book Does this letter reflect how you really think? We are reforming economic system. our

reflect vt.反射;反映 reform v., n.改革 refresh vt.使清新;使振作 refrigerator n.冰箱;冷库 refugee n.难民 refusal n.拒绝 regard vt.看待;把…看作为; 对待 n.(~s)问 候;致意 regarding prep.关于 regardless adj.毫不 在意的, 毫不顾及的

这封信反映了你怎么想? 我们正在改革我们的经济体 制 我要用一杯茶水来恢复一下

I will refresh myself with a cup of tea.

express polite refusal (1)We all regarded him as a hero. (2)Please give my regards to him. (3)Regarding the punishment, what would you advise? (4)He is regardless of the result. Have you registered the birth of the baby? You will regret this.

表达礼貌的拒绝 (1)我们都把他当成了英雄 (2)请带给他我的问候 (3) 关 于 惩 罚 , 你 有 什 么建 议? (4)他不在意后果

register n,.v.登 记 ;注 册 ; 邮 ( 件等的)挂号 regret vt., n.遗憾 vi.感到遗憾

你给婴儿的出生登记了吗? 你会后悔的 (1)他过着规律的生活 (2)他没有固定的工作 (3)我们必须控制我们的消费 董事会拒绝了我们所有的想 法

regular adj.常规的;固定的; (1)He leads a regular life. (2)He has no regular work 定时的;有规律的 regulate vt.管 理 ; 挥 ; 指 控制 ; (3)We must regulate our 使规律化 spending. reject vt.拒绝;摒弃 The board rejected all our ideas.

relate vt.叙述,讲;使互有关 联 vi.有关联 related adj.有关的;相关的; 有亲属关系的 relation n.关系;关联; [~s] 交往;亲戚;叙述 relationship n. 关系 ; 联 系; 亲属关系 relative n.亲戚;亲属 adj.比 较的;相对(性)的; 有关 的 relatively adv.比较而言; 相对 地 relativity n.相对论

relax v( 使 ) 弛 ; 松 ; 使 ) . 松 放 ( 轻松;使休息 relaxation n.松弛;消遣 release vt.松开;排放;释放; 发泄;解除 relevant adj.有关的;切题的 reliable adj.可靠的 relief n.减轻;解除 relieve vt.减轻;使得到解决

(1)I can’t relate those two ideas. (2)He related some stories to his children. (3)The two ideas are very closely related. (4)There is no relation between the two things. (5)He is a distant relation of mine (6)Is there any relationship between them? (7)My uncle is my nearest relative. (8)Let’s make a relative study of the two languages. (9)a piece that is relatively easy to play (10)Einstein’s relativity (1)Relax when you dance (2)She listens to classical music for relaxation. (1)They prisoners released the

(1)我不能把那两种观点联系 起来 (2)他向他的孩子们讲了 些故 事 (3)这两种观点非常相关 (4)这 两件事情没有联系 (5)他是我 的一个远亲 (6)他们之间有关 系吗? (7)我叔叔是我最近的 亲戚 (8)让我们对这两门语言 做个 对比性研究 (9)比较容 易演奏的曲子 (10)爱因斯坦 的相对论

(1)当你跳舞时要放松 (2)她听古典音乐来放松 (1)他们放了囚犯

These materials are relevant 这些材料和案例时相关的 to the case Is your watch reliable? (1)This medicine will give you some relief (2)The doctors did their best to relieve the patients (1)There are many religions in the world. (2)It’s a religious question. I am reluctant about asking him to do this. You can rely upon me. (1)Mrs. Morse remarked that she seemed a nice girl (2)an ignorant remark (3)a remarkable work (1)When I reminded her, she nodded her head. (2)a reminder of the past I like to look at the remote stars in the sky. He removed the picture and put it in the drawer. We need to renew a carpet. 你的表准吗? (1)这个药能够给你减轻些痛 苦 (2)医生尽他们的最大努 力减 轻病人的痛苦 (1)世界上有很多宗教 (2)这是个宗教问题 我非常不情愿让他这么做 你可以依靠我 (1)莫斯太太评价她看起来像 个好女孩 (2) 无知的话 (3) 出色的工作 (1)当我提醒她的时候,她点 了点头 (2)一个提醒过去的东西 我喜欢看天空遥远的星星 他拿下照片把它放在抽屉里 我们要换一下我们的地毯

religion n.宗教;信仰 religious adj.宗教的;虔诚的 reluctant adj.不情愿的; 勉强 的 rely vi.依靠 remark vt.谈起;评论 n.话语;谈论;评论 remarkable adj.显著的; 非凡 的 remind vt.提醒;使想起 reminder n.起提醒作用的事 物 remote adj.遥远的 remove vt.拿开;除去;去掉 renew vt.重新开始;更新

rent n.租金 v.租借;出租 repeated adj. 重复 的 , 再三 的;多次的 replace vt.取代 reply v.,n.回答;答复 reporter n.记者 representative n.代表;代理 人 republic n.共和国 the People’s Republic of China 中华人民共和国 reputation n.信誉;名气 request vt.,n.要求;请求 wage n.[常作~s]工资 rescue vt.,n.营救,救援;搭 救 resemble vt.与…相似,像 reserve vt.保留;储备 residence n.居住;住处 resident n.居民 resign vt.辞职 resist vt.抵抗;忍住,按捺 vi.抵抗 resistant adj.有抵抗能力的 resolution n.决心 resolve v.决定 ,决 意; (作 出…)决议;解决;解除

(1)He decided to rent his house. (2)I have paid the rent After repeated attempts they finally succeeded. Can Windows 95 replace DOS? Tom replied that he had finished the work. I sent my representative to the meeting.

(1)他想出租他的房子 (2)我已经付了租金 经过了几次努力,他们最终 成功了 Window95能取代D OS吗? Tom 回答他已经完成了工作

我派我的代表参加了会议

The store has an excellent reputation. Workers requested a raise in wage. They rescued the child My brother resembles me in looks I will reserve the ticket for you till tomorrow (1)a resident of California (2)They are only allowed one month’s residence. He resigned from office (1)He could resist no longer (2)resistant to catching fire She declared her resolution (1)She resolved never to see him again. (2)He resolved the problem creatively. This country is natural resources rich

这家商店有很好的名气 工人们要求涨工资 他们就了孩子 我弟弟和我长得很像 票为您保留到明天 (1)加利福尼亚的一个居民 (2)他们只被允许逗留一个月 他辞职了 (1)他再也不能抵抗了 (2)能防止着火的 她宣布了她的决心 (1)她决定再也不见他了 (2)他创造性地解决了问题

resource n.资源 respond v.回答;作出反应; 响应;以…应答 response n.回 答 ;答复 ; 应 , 反 响应

in 这个国家自然资源很丰富 (1)他们用笑来回应我的笑话 (2)对于我们的求助几乎没有 回应 他看起来是个焦躁不安的人 早日恢复健康 他感到新法律会限制他的自 由

(1)They responded my joke by laughing (2)There has been little response to our call for help.

restless adj.焦躁不安的; 得不 He looks like a restless man 到休息的 restore vt.恢复; 使恢复健康; 修复 restrict vt.限制;约束 Restore your health He feels that the new law will restrict his freedom.

retire v.(使)退休; (使)辞 职 reunite vt.重新统一

Some of the older workers were retired early. She is trying her best to reunite with her father revealed his

一些年长的工人提早退休了 她正在努力和她父亲重聚 他从来没有暴露过他的身份 (1)信封的反面 (2)他的答案和我所期待的正 好相反 (1)你复习了昨天我们课上学 的东西了吗? (2)学院出版了 一份戏剧评论 刊物 (3)士兵 身着全套礼服准备接 受检阅

reveal vt.,n.揭 示 , 露 ; 露 ; He never 揭 暴 identity. 透露;展现

reverse adj.逆向的;倒退的; (1)the reverse side of the 颠倒的 n.相反情况;反面, envelope 背面;逆 转;挫折 (2)His answer was just the reverse of what I expected. review v,.n.复 习 ; 核 ; 顾 ; (1)Have you reviewed what 审 回 we covered in class yesterday? 检阅;评论 (2)The college published a drama review. (3)Soldiers were in full uniform for the review. revise vt.修订;校订;修正; 复习 revision n. 修 订 ; 订 ; 正 ; 校 修 复习 revolution n.革命 revolutionary adj.革命的 rewrite vt.重写;改写 rhythm n.节奏;韵律 ridiculous adj.可笑的 rifle n.来复枪;步枪 ring n.戒指;圈;环 He has a gold ring on his finger. ring vt.按(铃) ;打电话给 (1)Please ring the doctor vi.(铃等)响,鸣;按铃; (2)The bell rang clear 打电话 ripe adj.成熟的 risk n.危险;风险 vt.使(生命、财产等)遭受 危险;冒…的危险 These apples are ripe (1)You are taking a big risk driving so fast (2)Don’t risk your health (1)They are revising a dictionary. (2)You must revise for the examination. (3)Your plan needs revision. (1)The Russian Revolution (2)He suffered for his revolutionary principles The teacher asked the students to rewrite the text. His poem has a pleasing rhythm It’s the most ridiculous thing I have ever heard in my life

(1)他们正在修订一个字典 (2)你必须为考试而复习 (3)你的计划需要修订

(1)俄国十月革命 (2)他为他的革命原则备受苦 难 老师让学生们改写课文 他的诗歌有和谐的韵律 这是我一生中听到的最可笑 的事情 他手指上戴着只金戒指 (1)请给医生打电话 (2)铃声清脆 这些苹果熟了 (1)你开车这样快是冒很大风 险的 (2)不要拿你的健康冒险 他经常象狮子一样咆哮

roar vi.(狮、虎等)吼叫; He often roars like a lion. 大声叫喊 vt.呼喊;大声喊出 roast v.烤;烘 robot n.机器人 rock n.岩石;岩块,大石 rock n.摇滚乐(或舞) He lifted the rock without effort He likes rock music The sun was roasting us

太阳在烤着我们 他毫不费力地抬起了石头 他喜欢摇滚乐

rocket n.火箭 space rocket 宇宙火箭 rod n.杆;针 role n.角色;作用 The headmaster plays an important role in the good running of a school. (1)Round things roll easily (2)He rolled a cigarette for me. (3)The teacher read the roll of graduates Her husband romantic. is very 校长在学校良好经营上起很 大的作用 (1)圆的东西容易滚动 (2)他为我卷了根烟 (3)老师读了毕业生名单

roll vi.滚动;转动 vt.使滚动;卷;绕 n.(一) 卷;滚动;名单,花 名册

romantic adj.浪漫的;传奇 (式)的;有浪漫色彩的 root n.根;根茎 rope n.绳索

她丈夫非常浪漫 这个植物的根扎得很深

The roots of this plant go deep.

rotten adj.腐烂的;腐朽的; rotten meat 腐败的 rough adj.粗糙的;崎岖的; (1)This paper feels rough 粗制的;粗鲁的;狂风暴雨 (2)Don’t be so rough to a child. 的 (3)It is a very rough translation round adj.(圆)形的;环形 的;十足的 prep.围绕着; 在…各 处 ; … 四周;邻近 在 于;大约 (1)a round face (2)He lives in a village around the town. (3)It was the face of a man around fifty.

腐肉 (1)这张纸摸起来很粗糙 (2)不要对一个孩子这么粗鲁 (3)它是个非常粗略的译稿

(1)圆脸 (2)他住在城镇周围的一个村 子里 (3)它是一张大约五十岁 男人 的脸 这是去欧洲的最快路径 (1)它只是个常规的医学检查 (2)他们改变了他们的通常做 法 你能划船吗? 公主 去把你的手擦干 (1)不要说粗话 (2)他们只有简陋的工具 (3)船收到了猛烈的震荡 (1)交通规则 (2)他有每天下午散步的习惯 (3)用尺子去量它 (4)国王贤 明地统治着他的人 民

route n .(道)路;路线 ;航线 ; It’s the quickest route to Europe. 途经 routine n.例行公事;惯例 adj.例行的;常规的 (1)It is just a routine medical examination. (2)They changed their usual routine. Can you row a boat?

row vi.划(船)

royal adj.国王的;女王的; a royal princess 王室的 rub v.擦,摩擦 Go and rub your hands dry. rubbish n.垃圾;废物 rude adj.粗鲁的;粗糙的;简 (1)Don’t make rude remarks (2)They only have rude tools 单的;猛烈的;原始的 (3)The ship got a rude shock rule n.规则;规章;统治;治 理;规定;惯例;尺 v.统 治;管辖;控制,支配 rulern.尺 (1)traffic rules (2)He makes a rule of going for a walk every afternoon (3)Use a rule to measure it (4)The king ruled the people well and wisely

run vi.跑,奔;逃(跑) ;竞 选; (机器等)运转 vt.使 跑;使奔;在 …上 跑 ; 经 营;管理 run after 追赶;追捕;跟踪 rural adj.农村的;田园的; 乡村的 rush v i( 猛)冲;奔;猛攻 vt. . 急冲;逼,催促;猛攻 n. 冲,奔;匆忙; (交通、事 务的)繁忙;猛攻

(1)The dog ran across the road. (2)run for the president. (3)Let me run the machine (4)The policeman is running after a prisoner. He lived a rural life (1)They rushed to see what was happening. (2)Don’t rush me. (3)When the rush was over, he insisted that everybody take a day off. I bought three sacks of rice

(1) (2) (3) (4)

狗跑过了马路 竞选总统 让我来开动这台机器 一个警察正在追赶一个 罪犯

他过着田园生活 (1) 他们 冲 过 去 看 发 生 了什 么? (2)不要催促我 (3)当一 阵忙过之后,他坚持 要每个 人休息一天

S sack n.麻袋;包 sacrifice n.献祭,牺牲;献身 我买了三袋米 (1)His parents made a lot of (1)他的父母做了很多牺牲来 sacrifices to make sure he 确保他得到好的教育 (2)他们杀了只羊作为祭品 got a good education (2)They killed a sheep as a sacrifice. The bad news saddened me Do you know how to sail the boat? 这个坏消息使我很伤心 你知道如何划船吗?

sadden vt.使悲伤,使伤心 sail vi.航行 vt.航行于;驾驶(船) n.帆 sailor n.水手,海员 sake n.缘故;利益 for one’s own sake 为了自己 的利益 salad n.色拉,凉拌菜 all the same 仍然,还是;完 全一样 sand n.沙 yard n.院子,庭院;码

We did it for convenience’s sake.

我们这么做是为了方便的缘 故

Thank you all the same (1)There is a mass of sand in the yard. (2)He was standing under a tree about ten yards away.

还是要感谢你 (1)院子里有一堆沙子 (2)他站在一棵约 10 码远的一 颗树下

sandwich n.三明治 satellite n.卫星 satisfaction n.满意;满足;乐 事 satisfactory adj.令 人 满意 的 ; 可喜的 satisfy vt.使满意;满足(需 要等) ;达到(要求等) (1)She laughed her satisfaction. (2)Swimming was one of his greatest satisfactions. (3)Sales are very satisfactory this month. (4)Her father tried his best to satisfy her demands (1)她以笑表达满意 (2)游泳是他的最大乐趣之一 (3)这个月销售很令人满意 (4) 她爸爸尽他最大努力满足 女 儿的要求

sauce n.沙司,调味汁 saucer n.茶碟;碟形物

saving n.救助;节省;[~s]储 蓄(金) ,存款

(1)We can make big savings on fuel. (2)Bob took his savings out of the bank to buy a bicycle. “There is no smoke without fire.” as the saying goes.

(1)我们可以大大节省燃料 (2)Bob 从银行中取出存款来 买辆自行车 “无风不起浪”像谚语说的 那样 (1)他称了下天平上的肉 (2)这条鱼两磅重

saying n.谚语,俗语;格言

scale n.[常~s]天平; (磅)秤 (1)He weighed the meat on v.称 得 重 量(为 ) ( 被)过秤 the scales ; (2)The fish scales two pounds. scale n.等级(表) ;刻度;比 例,规模,范围 (1)The ruler has only one scale in centimeters. (2)The scale of the map is an inch to a mile. (3)He is in business on a small scale. (1)I scanned the newspaper for the information I needed. (2)Can I scan this document? The food was scarce during the war. scarcely adv.几乎不;刚刚, We scarcely have time for breakfast. 才 scare vt.使惊恐,使害怕 Don’t let the noise scare you. scarf n.围巾 scene n.景色;布景,场景; (1)He has designed all the scenes 地点;现场 scenery n.风景,景色 (2)We climbed higher so that we might see the scenes better. (3)What a beautiful scenery! schedule n.时间表; 计划(表); 日程安排表 scholar n.学者 scholarship n.奖学金 schoolhouse n.校舍 scissors n.剪刀 scold v.责备;训斥 score n.(比赛中)得分;比 分; (测验中)分数,成绩; (单复同)二十个 vt.得 分;记分;赢得;获得 vi.得 分;记分;得胜 scratch vt.抓;划伤 scream vi.( 因恐惧、痛苦等 而)尖声喊叫,惊叫 n.尖叫声;惊叫声 screen n.屏幕;银幕 He is always scolding (1)I walked a score of miles (2)The home team didn’t score. (3)We had a bad play, but we scored. The dog is always scratching. He screamed to go with you. examination schedule

(1)这把尺只有厘米这一个刻 度 (2)这个地图的比例是一 英寸 代表一英里 (3)他做的 是小本生意

scan vt.快读;扫描

(1)我浏览报纸寻找我需要的 信息 (2)我能扫描这份文件吗? 食物在战争期间很缺乏 我几乎没有吃饭的时间 不要让噪音吓到你 (1)他设计了所有布景 (2)我们爬得更高为了更好地 看风景 (3)多美的景色阿!

scarce adj.缺乏的;稀少的

考试日程表

他总是责备 (1)我走了二十里路 (2)主队没有得分 (3)我们打 得很差,但我们获 胜了

这只狗总是乱抓 他尖叫着要和你一起去

She first appeared on the screen ten years ago.

她第一次出现在荧幕上是十 年之前

scrub vt.用力擦洗;擦净 seal n.印记;印章,图章;封 蜡(或铅、条等) ;批准 vt.盖章于;批准; (密)封 seatn.座椅;座位 vt.使坐下,使就座 seatbelt (飞机、汽车等) 座椅安全带 secondhand adj.用过的;旧 的;间接的,第二手的 secretary n.秘书;书记

Scrub the table top clean (1)The letter bears the seal of the king. (2)She sealed the letter. She seated herself on the table.

把桌面擦干净 (1)这封信有国王的印章 (2)他把信封上了 她坐在了桌子上

secondhand computers

二手电脑

secure adj.安全的;安心的; (1)a secure investment (2)computer security 牢固的 security n.安全,平安;保安, 防护 see…off 为…送行 see through 看穿 see to 注意 seed n.种子 seek vt.寻找;寻求;探求 seize vt.抓住;夺取 select vt.选择;挑选 selfish adj.自私的 semester n.<美>学期 We sought long and hard but had no answer. She seized my hand. We selected him to present us. a selfish person Students will attend four courses during each semester Thousands of people were at the airport to see him off. His story was seen through at once. I must see to getting the dinner ready.

(1)安全的投资 (2)计算机安全

几千人在飞机场给他送行 他的谎言立刻被看穿了 我必须注意把饭准备好

我们做了长期艰难的思索但 没有找到答案 她抓住了我的手 我们选择他来代表我们 自私的人 学生们每学期要参加四门课 (1)她长我三岁 (2)他是我上司 (3)他们是毕业班的学生

senior adj.年长的;地位或级 (1)She is senior to me by three years 别较高的 n.年长者; 年资较深者, 前辈 ; (2)He is senior to me. <美>(大学或中学>四年级学 (3)They are senior students. 生 sense n.感觉 vt.觉得;意识到 sensible adj.明智的;合情合 理的;有知觉的 sensitive adj.敏感的;神经过 敏的 (1)I sense that you would rather not go. (2)He has a sense that someone is standing behind him. (3)It seems to be a sensible idea. (4)a sensible choice (5)a sensible rise in temperature (6)Don’t be so sensitive. The judge sentenced him to do hard labor.

(1)我觉得你最好别走 (2)他感觉有人站在他背后 (3) 它看起来是个合情合理的 想 法 (4)明智的选择 (5)可感 觉到的温度上升 (6)别 这么敏感

sentence n.句子;判决,宣判 vt.宣判,判决

法官判他做苦力

separate adj.分开的;单独的 vt.使分开;使单独 series n.系列;连续 servant n.仆人、佣人

The war separated many families. He attended all the lectures in the series.

战争分开了很多家庭 他一系列的演讲都听了

serve vt.为…服务;做…的仆 (1)Computers have begun 人;接待(顾客) vi.帮佣; serving agriculture. 服务;服役;接待 顾客;有 (2)perform military service 用;起作用 service n. 服务 ;接待顾客; (公用事业的)公共设施; 兵役 set vt.放;设置;安置 vi.(日、月等)落,下沉 set about 开始,着手 set aside 留出,拔出;把… 搁置 (1)He set a cup on the table. (2)It would be cooler when the sun has set. She has set about cleaning the room. (1)Setting the chair aside, he sat on the floor. (2)The hotel manager set aside two pleasant rooms for us. (1)He proposed to set off immediately. We are setting out for the airport.

(1)计算机已经开始服务农业 了 (2)服兵役

(1)他在桌子上放了个 杯子 (2)太阳下山的时候会凉快一 些 她已经开始清理房间了 (1)把椅子放到一边,他坐在 了地板上 (2)酒店经理留出两 个好房间 给我们

set off 出发,启程;着手(做 某事) set out 出发;开始

(1)他建议立刻出发 我们准备出发到机场 (1)很多外企在这里设了厂 (1)以海为背景

set up 竖立;建立;设立; (1)Plenty of foreign firms have set up factories here. 提出 setting n.安装;调解; (舞台 (1)With a sea setting 等的)布置; (小说等的)背 景 settle vi.安居;决定 vt.使定居;确定;解决(困 难等) ;安排 settlern.移居者 (1)She has decided how to settle the problem (2)They settled the land in 1856.

(1)她已经决定了如何解决问 题 (2)他们于 1856 年在这片土地 上定居 (1)他妈妈对他过于严厉吗? (2)这个工作竞争很激烈

severe adj.严重的;严厉的; (1)Was his mother too severe on him? 严格的 (2)Competition for the job is very severe. sew n.缝 shade n.阴凉处;荫 shadow n.影子 shake vt.握(手);摇(头等 );猛 摇 vi.摇动;震动;握手 shallow adj.浅的 soup n.汤 My mother sewed a new jacket for me. These trees afford a pleasant shade. Her face was in deep shadow Give the bottle a couple of shakes before pouring the juice. The dish is too shallow to serve soup in.

我妈妈给我缝了件新毛衣 这些树木提供了很好的阴凉 她的脸在很深的阴影中 倒果汁之前先把瓶子摇几下

这个碟子太浅,盛不下汤

shame n.憾事 shampoo n.洗发剂,香波 shave vt.剃(胡须等) ;修剪 (草坪等) vi.修面,刮脸

It’s a shame you cannot stay with us. (1)I shave every morning.

很遗憾你不能和我们在一起

(1)我每天早上刮脸

sheet n.薄片;一张(纸); 纸 ; (1)sheet steel (2)Each sheet is covered with 被单 small handwriting. (3)This sheet feels wet. shell n.壳(如贝壳等) ;壳状 物 shelf n.(墙壁、书橱等的)架 子;隔板 shift v.,n.转移;移动;变换 shock n.冲撞;震动;震惊; 休克 vt.使震惊;使休克; 使震动 vi.感到震惊;受到震 动 My shelves are full of books. Lend me a hand to shift this box. (1)We are shocked to hear the bad news. (2)The news gave me a great shock.

(1)薄钢板 (2)每张纸上都有很小的字 (3)这张被单很潮湿

我的书桌装满了书 帮我把这个箱子移开 (1)我们听到这个坏消息很震 惊 (2)这条新闻给了我巨大 的震 惊 他射击很好

shoot vt.射中;射死;发射; He shoots well 放射;开(枪) ;打(炮) vi.射击;开枪,打炮 shopkeeper n.店主 shore n.岸;滨 short adj.(长度)短的; (高 度)矮的 n.短小的东西; (~s)宽松运动 短裤 shortage n.不足;缺少 shortcoming n.缺点,短处 shortcut n.近路 shorten v.改短;缩短 shortly adv.不久;立即 shortsighted adj.近视的 shot n.射击 shortage of food She is sensible shortcoming. of his the eastern shore

东海岸

食物短缺 他对自己的缺点很敏感 他总是找发财的捷径 冬季日短 她不久就要去莫斯科了 他近视眼很严重 他开了两枪,都没打中 我将带你参观工厂 除了一阵大雨外天气还是不 错的

He was always looking for a shortcut to fortune. The days shorten in winter. She is shortly leaving for Mexico. He is very shortsighted He fired two shots, both missed.

show…around 带领(某 人) I will show you around the factory. 参观(某处) shower n.阵雨;沐浴 shrink vi.收缩;退缩 The weather was good except for an occasional shower.

(1)The number of the (1)这所学校学生人数在萎缩 student of this school has (2)不要在害怕中退缩 shrunk. (2)Don’t shrink in fight.

sidewalk n.<美>人行道

sight n.视域;景象;视力; (1)He had his sight tested by 望见 atfirstsight 乍一看 sightseeing n.观光,游览 sign n.招牌;标记;手势 vt.签(名) signal n.信号 vt.向…发信号;用信号发出 vi.发信号 signature n.签名 significance n.重要性;重大 silent adj.静的;无声的 silk n.丝,绸;丝绸(衣服) a doctor. (2)The sunset is beautiful sight. a very

(1)他让医生给他检查了视力 (2)太阳落山是个很美的景象

Most of our time has been spent in sightseeing. (1)sign a contract (2)She put her finger to her lips as a sign to be quiet. (1)Signals are made by flags (2)He signaled a message to his brother. The two signatures are very similar This fact has significance for us. the capital of silk little

我们大部分时间都放在了观 光上 (1)签合同 (2)她把手指放在嘴唇上表示 应该安静 (1)用旗传递信号 (2)他用信号向他哥哥发信息 这两处签名很相似 这个事实对于我们意义不大 这房子很安静 丝绸之乡 别傻了 银盘 (1)你给孩子们讲解要设法简 单明了 (2)他们衣着朴素 (3) 试图干这种事情简直可笑

The house was quite silence

silly adj.缺乏常识(或理智) Don’t be silly 的;愚蠢的 silver n.银、银色 simplify vt.简化;使简易 simply adv.仅仅;简单的;简 直 silver dishes (1)Try to simplify your explanation for the children. (2)They dressed simply (3)It is simply ridiculous to attempt such a thing His apology was sincere.

sincere adj.真诚的 sink vi.(船等)下沉; (价格 等)降低 vt.使下沉;使降低

他的道歉很真诚 (1)太阳正在西边下降 (2)脏碟子在洗涤槽中

(1)The sun is sinking in the west. (2)The dirty dishes are in the n(厨房的) . 洗涤槽; 污水井 。, sink 阴沟 situation n.情 况 ; 处境; 面 ; The situation will soon come 场 clear. 形势 ski n.(滑)雪板 vi.滑雪 skier n.滑雪运动员 skim vt.浏览;略读 slang n.俚语 slave n.奴隶 slavery n.奴隶制 sleepy adj.要睡的;困倦的 slice n.(切下的)薄片;部分 vt.把…切成薄片(或分成若 干部分) ;切( 开 ) 削 ; (1)Slaves could be bought and sold like horses (2)free form slavery I am very sleepy (1)She sliced me a piece of m eat. (2)Please cut bread into thin pieces. It’s important for you to skim through the test. The students often go skiing during winter vacation.

情况不久就会明朗起来 学生们在寒假期间经常去滑 雪 对于你来讲浏览课文很重要

(1)奴隶们可以象马一样被买 卖 (2)从奴隶制度中解脱出来 我很困 (1)她给我削了片肉 (2)请把面包切成薄片

slide n.幻灯 slight adj.细小的;少量的 slim adj.苗条的 slip vi.滑跤;失脚;滑落;滑 行 slippery adj.滑的;易滑脱的 slip n.幼枝;纸片;纸条 slope n.斜坡 smart adj.漂亮的;时髦的 smash v.打碎;粉碎

We have a slide show every other week. I have a slight cold She has a slim figure (1)He slipped and fell down the stairs (2)We found it very slippery under foot both slopes of the roof You look very smart The cup fell and smashed

我们每隔一周看一次幻灯片 我轻微感冒 她很苗条 (1)他滑到了从楼梯上摔下来 (2)我们发现脚下很滑

屋顶的两个斜面 你看起来很帅 杯子掉到地上碎了 (1) 闻下这酒的味道 (2) 这牛奶闻起来不错

smell n.嗅觉;气味;臭味; (1)Have a smell of this wine. (2)The milk smells nice 嗅,闻 v.嗅,闻;闻起来有特定气味 (或气息) smog n.烟雾 smoky adj.烟雾弥漫的 smooth adj.平滑的;平整的; 平稳的;顺利的 snack n.小吃;点心;快餐 sneeze v.打喷嚏 n.喷嚏 or so 大约;在…左右 Smog clouded the whole city. The air had grown smoky (1)She has a smooth skin. I only have a snack at lunch time. Use a handkerchief when you sneeze. We stayed for an hour or so

烟雾笼罩了整个城市 空气变得烟雾迷漫 (1)她有平滑的皮肤 我在午餐期间只吃了点点心 当你打喷嚏的时候用下手绢 我们待了一个小时左右 (1)检查下你的文章以防犯错 (2)这房子如此高和窄象个塔 一样

so as to 为使,以便;结果, (1)Check your composition so as to avoid mistakes. 使,以致 (2)The house is so high and narrow as to resemble a tower. soap n.肥皂 sociable adj.(好)交际的; Roger is a very sociable person. 社交的 sock n.短袜 sofa n.(长)沙发 solar adj.太阳的 solid n.固体 solar system Iron, wood and ice are solids

Roger 是个很好交际的人

太阳系 铁、木头、冰都是固体 这个问题的解决方法需要很 多小时 他最终解决了问题

solution n.解 决( 方 法 ) ;解答 The solution of the problems require many hours solve vt.解决;解答 He finally problem. solved the

somehow adv.不知怎么地; (1)We must get the work (1)我们必须在明天早上之前 以 finished somehow by 设法完成工作 某种方式 (2)不知怎么地我们迷路了 tomorrow morning. (2)Somehow we lost our way. sooner or later 迟早 If you drive like that, sooner or later you will have an incident. 如果你像那样开车,早晚要 出事的

sore adj.痛的;痛苦的;痛心 的;艰辛的 throat n.咽喉、喉咙 sorrow n.悲哀;悲痛 sort n.种类 soul n.灵魂;心灵;精神;精 力;幽灵 source n.来源;出处 sow vt.播种 soybean n.黄豆;大豆 spacecraft n.宇宙飞船 spade n.铲子;铁锹 spare adj.多余的;空闲的 v.节约;抽出;饶恕 wheel n.轮;车轮;方向盘

(1)His father’s throat is a bit sore. (2)Losing the election was a sore disappointment. Mix joy with sorrow All sorts of sleeping bags have been developed. Teachers are engineers of human soul Where is the source of Nile? It is too soon to sow yet

(1)他爸爸的嗓子有点痛 (2)竞选失败令人痛心失望

百感交集 各种睡眠袋已经被研制出来 了 教师是人类灵魂的工程师 尼罗河的源头在哪里? 现在还不到播种的时候

species n.种类 specific adj.明确的;特定的

(1)She never spares butter when baking. (2)Could you spare some time to come to our art exhibition? (3)The prisoner was spared. (4)a spare wheel (5)I am too tired. Will you take the wheel The species is(are) valuable (1)What’s the specific time of his arrival? (2)Training for specific posts Many spectators watched the football game. (1)Can you spin thread? (2)spin a story (3)thread a needle her

(1)在煎饼时她从不吝惜黄油 (2)你能抽出些时间参加我们 的画展吗? (3)囚犯被赦免了 (4)备用胎 (5) 我很 累 , 你 能 替 我 驾驶 吗?

这个品种很珍贵 (1)他到达的准确时间是什么 时候? (2)定向培训 很多观众观看了足球比赛

spectator n.(比赛等的)观 众;旁观者 spider n.蜘蛛 spin v.纺; (蜘蛛)结网;编 造(故事等) thread n.线 vt.穿 (针、线等)

(1)你会纺线吗? (2)编故事 (3)穿针 (1)癌症摧毁了她的身体,但 没有摧毁她的精神 (2)我们的情绪高了起来 吐痰是不好的行为 (1)这个男孩对我有怨恨 (2)尽管下雨我仍然外出 你在这里实在太好了 他们把箱子砸开了

spirit n.精 神 ; 魂 ; 灵 [~s]心境 , (1)Cancer destroyed body but not her spirit 情绪;勇气;活力 (2)Our spirits went up. spit vi.吐痰;吐唾沫 vt.吐出(唾沫等) spite n.怨恨 in spite of 不顾;不管 splendid adj.极好的 split vt.劈开; 切开; 使破裂 vi. 被劈开;裂开 It’s bad to spit

(1)The boy has a spite against me. (2)I went out in spite of rain It is splendid that you are here. They split the box open

spoil vt.损害;糟蹋;宠坏 vi.(食物)变质

(1)Some kinds of food soon spoil. (2)His grandmother spoiled him

(1)一些食物很快变质 (2)他祖母把他宠坏了

sponsor vt.主办;资助 spoon n.匙,调羹 field sports 田赛 individual sports 团体运动 team sports 团队运动 sportsman 运动员 sportsmanship n. 运 动 员 精 神;运动员品格 spot n.点;斑点;污点 spread v.伸展;传开 spy n.间谍;密探;暗中监视 vi.当间谍;暗中监视 square n.正方形;方形物;广 场;<美>街区;平方 adj.方的 squaremeter 平方米 squeeze vt.榨取;挤取;挤压 stable adj.稳定的;稳固的 stadium n.(设有看台的)露 天体育场 staff [复数~s]n.全体人员 stage n.舞台 stair n.楼梯 staircase n.楼梯 stall n.货摊,摊位;书亭 stand vi.站立;停止不动;坚 持 vt.使站立;竖放;忍受

The city is planning to 这个城市正在计划主办很多 sponsor many activities here. 活动

a solar spot It’s branches spread far and wide. (1)We spied three figures in the distance (1)Let’s construct a square on this line. (2)Tian An Men square He can’t squeeze the wet coat dry.

太阳黑点 它的枝条向四面八方伸展开 来 (1)我们望见远处有三个人影 (1)让我们以这条线作一个正 方形 (2)天安门广场 他无法挤干湿衣服

We need a stable government. 我们需要一个稳定的政府 The stadium is being used 那个露天体育场正在进行一 场比赛 for a match The company has a staff of fifty. stage arts climb up the stairs The staircase leads up to the roof. (1)She sells market stall. fruits at a 这个公司员工有 50 人 舞台艺术 爬楼梯 这楼梯通向屋顶 (1)她在市场的货摊上卖水果 我无法忍受那个人了,他太 能讲了 法国的标准长度是米 他一直在凝视着,思考着 (1)因为没有食物,人们都在 挨饿 (2)这些人快饿死了

I cannot stand that man. He talks too much.

standard n.标 准 ; 平 ; 水 规范 ; The standard of length in France is the meter, 准则 stare v.凝视;注视 starve vi.挨饿;饿死 vt.使挨饿;使饿死 starvation n.饥饿 He was staring and thinking. (1)Because there is no food, the people are starving. (2)The men were close to starvation.

state n.国 家 ; 美 国 的 ) 州 , (1)We must pay taxes to the ( State 邦;状态 vt.陈述;声明 (2)liquid state (3)He stated his problem clearly stationary n.文具 statue n.雕像 stay vi.继续是;保持;停留; 暂住 steady adj.稳定的;稳的 steak n.牛排 steam n.水蒸气;水气 steamship n.汽船 steep adj.陡峭的;险峻的 steer vt.驾驶(车、船、飞机 等) stick n.枝条;柴枝;棍,棒; <主英>手杖 vi.被刺入; 被黏贴;坚持 vt.刺;黏 贴 The slope is too slope for us to climb. Steer the ship north (1)What’s wrong with the stamp? It won’t stick. (2)The key sticks in the lock (3)I cannot stick waiting around (4)The farmer saw the boys off with a heavy stick. (1)The fish is still alive. (2)Keep still They stimulated me to make greater effort (1)Mary put the sugar in the coffee and stirred it with a spoon (1)This store stocks all types of toys (2)This store keeps a large stock of toys (3)He bought a lot of government stock (1)They used the house to store the building materials. (1)She stayed a reporter (2)I have no time to stay (1)He is a steady young man (2)She has a steady income She works in a stationery department of a big store.

(1)我们必须向国家交税 (2)液态 (3)他清楚地陈述他的问题

她在一家大商店的文具部工 作

(1)她继续当记者 (2)我没有时间呆下去了 (1)他是个稳当的年轻人 (2)她有着稳定的收入

这个斜坡太陡,我们爬不上 去 将船驶向北面 (1)这邮票怎么了?帖不上 (2)钥匙插到了锁里 (3)我不能 等下去了 (4)农民用重棒子把 男孩们赶 走

still adv.还,仍旧 adj.静止的;寂静的 stimulate vt.激励;刺激 stir vt.搅动;激动

(1)这鱼还活着 (2)别动 他们激励我付出更大的努力 (1)Mary 在咖啡里放了糖, 然 后用调羹搅动 (1)这商店储备了各种玩具 (2)这商店储备了大量的玩具 (3)他购买了大量的政府公债

stock vt.为…备货;储备;供 应 n.树干;根茎; 库 存 ( 物 ) ; 股份;证券;[总称]牲畜

stocking n.长筒袜 store vt.储存;储藏 n.储存;储备;<美>商店 storekeepern.<美>零售店店 主,零售商 storey n.楼层;层 stove n.炉子,火炉 (1)他们用这个房子来储存建 筑材料

a sixteen-storey building

一幢 16 层高楼

straight adj.(笔)直的;直 接的;正直的;直率的 adv. 直地;直接地;立即,马 上;直率地 straight away 立即、马上

(1)a straight line (2)He is straight in his dealings (3)He went straight from school to university. (4)Come straight away after school (1)The ship remained stranded (2)be stranded in a strange city

(1)一条直线 (2)他待人接物上很直率 (3)他 中学一毕业就马上进了 大学 (4)放学后马上回家

strand vt.搁浅;处于困境

(1)那条船还被搁浅着 (2)流落在陌生的城市里一筹 莫展

straw n.稻草 strawberry n.草莓 strength n.力;力量;实力; 活力;强度;兵力 strengthen vt.加强;巩固;使 坚强 stress n.压力;紧张 stretch vt.伸展;铺开 vi.伸展;被拉长 strict adj.严密的;严谨的; 精确的 strike v.敲、打、击 string n.细绳 strip n.条;带状物 structure n.结构;构造 (1)What’s the total strength of the enemy army? (2)They strengthened the city wall The roof cannot bear the stress of the snow He rose himself and stretched (1)敌人队伍总共有多少兵力 (2)他们加固了城墙

屋顶受不了积雪的压力 他站起来伸了伸懒腰 (1)她是个严厉的教师 (2)这工作需要精确的测量 他生气地敲打桌子 这些书是用细绳捆起来的 条形结构 (1)大部分人追求财富 (2)富裕的家庭 小偷挣扎着获得自由

(1)She is a strict teacher. (2)The work requires strict measurement. He struck the table angrily. These books were tied with string strip structure

strive vi.努力;奋斗;力争, (1) Most people strive for wealth. 力求 wealthy adj.富的 (2) a wealthy family struggle n., vi 斗争;奋斗; The thief struggled to get free. 挣扎 studio n(画家等的) . 工作室 ; 电影制片厂; (电台等的)播 音室;演播室 stuff n. 原料;材料;素材; (1)What is this stuff? (2)This stuff wears long 物品 v.把…填(装)满 (3)He stuffed her books in the bookshelf subconscious adj.潜意识的; a subconscious reaction 意识不清的 substance n.物质;材料 chemical substances substitute vt.用…代替

(1)这是什么东西? (2)这种料子可以穿很久 (3)他把书塞进了书架里 一个潜意识反应 化学物质

suburb n.市郊

If you cannot go yourself, 如果你不自己去,就找个人 please find someone to 代替你 substitute you. They decided to move out to 他们决定搬到市郊 the suburbs

subway n.地道;地铁

(1)He goes to work on the subway. (2)Cross by the subway please.

(1)他乘地铁上班 (2)请走地下人行通道

succeed vi.成功;达到目标; (1)She succeeded (2)If he has no children, who 继承;继任 will succeed? suck v.吸,吮 suffer vt.遭受 vi.受痛苦;受损失 suffering n.痛苦,苦难 adj.受苦的,受难的 He sucked hard for air to keep breathing (1)She suffered greatly as a child. (2)She bore her sufferings bravely.

(1)她成功了 (2)如果他没有孩子,谁会继 承了? 他努力吸气保持呼吸 (1)她童年深受苦难 (2)她勇敢地承受苦难

sufficient adj.充足的, 足够的 His income is sufficient for his needs suit vt.适合 n.(一套)衣服 suitable adj.适合的 (1)swimming suit (2)That song doesn’t suit her voice (3)Tomorrow will be quite suitable (1)The sum will be increased by fifteen percent (2)The expenses came to an enormous sum (3)He summarized the book in ten pages (4)I am giving summary of facts sunbathe vi.沐日光浴 sunlight n.日光,阳光 sunrise n.日出 sunsetn.日落 superb adj.壮丽的;非常的 superior adj.优秀的;上级的 you a

他的收入足够他需要了 (1)泳装 (2)那首歌不适合她的嗓音 (3)明天挺合适

suitcase n.手提箱 sum n .( 金)额 ;总 数;概要 , 要点 vt.计算…的总额;总 结;概 述 summarize vt.概括;总结 summary n.摘要;概要 (1)金额将上涨 15% (2)开支总数巨大 (3)他用 10 页概括了这本书 (4)我将给你事实的概述

We have been sunbathing on the beach Our garden gets a lot of sunlight. We got up at sunrise. She is a superb singer (1)He is a superior player (2)This book is superior to that one The leader supervises dozen workers a

我们一直在海岸上沐日光浴 我们的花园得到很多阳光 我们日出时起床 她是个很棒的歌手 (1)他是个很优秀的球员 (2)这本书比那本书好

supermarket n.超级市场 supervise v.监督;管理;指导 suppose vt.假定;猜想 vi.猜想 这个领导管理着 12 个工人 我想他八点前会回来 如果海浪足够大,我们就去 冲浪

I suppose he will be back by eight.

surf v(在…上) . 作网上冲浪 ; If the waves are big enough, we will go surfing. (在…)作冲浪(运动)

surgeon n.外科医生 surgery n.外科;外科手术

(1)The surgeon is now operating (2)Your condition is serious and requires surgery (1)A crowd surrounded him (2)He didn’t pay much attention to his surroundings (3)They came from the surrounding countryside They are surveying the land I suspect him to know everything about that

(1)外科医生正在做手术 (2)你的情况很严重需要手术

surname n.姓;别号,外号 surround vt.包围;环绕 surrounding n.(~s) 周围的事 物;环境 adj.周围的,环绕 的 survey vt.勘测;调查 n.调查 suspect vt.对…有所察觉;怀 疑;猜测;推测 (1)一群人围住了他 (2)他没有注意他的周围环境 (3)他们来自周边的乡村

他们正在勘查这块土地 我猜他知道了所有事情 天花板上吊着一盏灯

suspend v.悬 、 挂 、 吊 ; 使 ) A lamp was suspended from ( the ceiling. 悬浮 suspensionbridge 悬索桥 swallow n.燕子 swallow vt.吞下;咽下 swear v.宣(誓) ;发(誓) sweat n.汗 vi.出汗 sweep vi.扫;打扫 vi.打扫地板(或房间等) swift adj.快速的;敏捷的 He swallowed chewing without

他没有咀嚼就吞了下去 我发誓,我不知道任何关于 它的事情 (1)他擦了脸上的汗水 (2)锻炼让人流汗 我妈每天打扫厨房 (1)他听力敏锐,但言语迟钝 (2)他快速地朝他们瞥了一眼

I don’t know anything about it, I swear. (1)He wiped the sweat from his face (2)Exercise makes one sweat. My mother sweeps kitchen everyday the

(1)He is swift to hear, but slow to speak (2)He gave them a swift glance. (1)The monkey is swinging in the tree. (1)light switch (2)switch the light off (1)The white color is the symbol of purity (2)What does this strange mark symbolize? I have much sympathy for you Fever is the symptom of many illnesses (1)synthetic diamond (2)synthetic fibre Take two tablets before each meal.

swing v.( 使 )摆 动 ; 使 )摇 ( 摆;悬,挂; (使)剧变 switch n, vi 开关 switch off 关掉 symbol n.象征 symbolize vt.象征

(1)猴子在树上摇摆 (1)电灯开关 (2)关灯 (1)白色是纯洁的象征 (2) 这个 奇 怪 的 标 志 象 征什 么? 我很同情你

sympathy n.同情 symphony 交响曲 symptom n.症状 synthetic adj.人工制造的; 合 成的 T tablet n.药片

发烧是很多疾病的症状 (1)人造钻石 (2)合成纤维 每顿饭前吃两片药

tag n.标签;标牌 tail n.尾巴;尾状物 tailor v.裁 制( 衣 服 等 ) ;使适 应特定需要 n.裁缝 take in 接纳 take off 起飞;脱下

Have you put tags on your luggage? (1)He tailored me several suits (2)The clinic tailors its treatment to individual need. I can’t take in any more guests. (1)I can’t take my boots off. (2)It’s exciting to feel the plane taking off. (1)He is always ready to take on heavy responsibilities. (2)The old factory has taken on a new look. (3)No more workers are being taken on at present. She took over his work after his departure. I put the telephone down and took up my work again. (1)He was a man of many talents (2)There was a lot of talent in this city. (3)a talented child We often talk of you. a talkative person

你在 你 的 行 李 上 放 标 签 了 吗?

(1)他给我裁制了几套衣服 (2)诊所根据患者的不同病情 采取相应的治疗方法 我不能再接纳更多的客人了 (1)我无法脱下我的靴子了 (2)感觉到飞机起飞很兴奋 (1)他总是乐于承担重任 (2)旧工厂呈现出了新的面貌 (3)目前不雇请更多的工人

take on 呈现;承担;雇佣

take over 接收 take up 开始从事;把…继续 下去 tale n.故事;传说 talent n.才能;人才 talented adj.有天才的;有才 干的

他离开后,她接替了他的工 作 我放下电话继续投入工作

(1)他是个多才多艺的人 (2)在这个城市中有很多人才 (3)一个有才华的孩子

talk of 谈到;说到 talkative adj.喜欢谈话的

我们经常说到你 一个健谈的人 猫是一种温顺的动物

tame adj.(动 物)驯化的; A cat is a tame animal 驯服的,温顺的 tank n.箱;坦克 tap v.,n.轻拍;轻叩 tape n.磁带 target n.靶(子) ;目标;对 象 This music sets your feet tapping

这音乐使你的双脚不停地打 拍子

(1)The factory met its (1)工厂提前完成了生产指标 production target ahead of (2) 这份 报 纸 的 目 标 读 者是 time. 谁? (2)What’s the target readership of this paper. (1)The food has an attractive taste. (2)Sometimes when you are ill, you cannot taste properly. (1)这食物有很有吸引力的味 道 (2)有时当你生病的时 候,你 是尝不出味道的

taste vt.尝;品尝 n.味;味道

technical adj.技术的; 工艺的 techniciann.技师,技术员 technique n.技术 technology n.技术 telegram n.电报 vt.向…发电报 telegraph n.电 报 机 ; 报 电 (指 通讯方式) vt.打电报给 televise vt.用电视播放 tell vt.告诉;讲述;吩咐;分辨; 判断 vi.明确地说出 temper n.心情;脾气 temperate adj.温带的;温和 的 temple n.庙宇,寺院 temporary adj.临时的 tempt vt.吸引;引诱 tenant n.租户;房客 tend vt.照管;护理

(1)He advised us on technical matters (2)modern medical techniques (3)computer technology I received two telegrams today (1)The news came telegraph (2)Mum telegraphed yesterday Important football are televised by me

(1)他关于技术问题咨询了我 们 (2)现代医药 技术 (3)电脑技 术 我今天收到两封电报 (1)消息通过电报来的 (2)妈妈昨天打电报给我

games

重要的足球赛由电视播放 很难判断他的真实年龄

It’s difficult to tell his exact age. He has a sweet temper Great Britain temperate climate has a

他和蔼可亲 英国有个温暖的气候

a temporary agreement His friend tempted him to steal. She tended her husband carefully during his illness.

一个临时的协议 他的朋友引诱他去偷

在她父亲生病期间她认真地 照顾他 (1)我祖母每天通常早睡 (2)他有忘事的倾向

tend vi.易于;趋于 (1)My grandmother tends to tendency n.趋 势 , 向 ; 趋 脾性 ; go to bed early every day (2)He has a tendency to 倾向 forget things tender adj.嫩的;温柔的;亲 切的 (1)Her skin is very tender, like a baby’s (2)He spoke tender words to his child (1)Is the rope tense? (2)He read the letter with a tense anxiety.

(1)她的皮肤像婴儿一样嫩 (2)他和他的朋友说了些亲切 的话 (1)绳子拉紧了吗? (2)他紧张焦虑地看那封信

tense adj.绷紧的;紧张的

tense n.时态 tent n.帐篷 terminal n.末端;终端 terribly a d v(口) 极;非常 ; . 很 terrific adj.可怕的,吓人的; (口)非常好的;了不起的 terror n.恐怖 theft n.偷窃;失窃;偷窃罪 therapy n.疗法,治疗 terminal sever He is terribly ashamed of what he did. (1)The view is terrific (2)a terrific storm The government rules by terror He was arrested for theft The doctor said he should be given a physical therapy 终端服务器 他对自己所做的事情非常后 悔 (1)这景色太美了 (2)可怕的风暴 政府采取恐怖统治 他因为偷窃被逮捕 医生说他应该进行理疗

thereby adv.因此 therefore adv.因此;所以 thick adj.厚的;浓的;粗的 thief n.小偷,偷窃犯 thin adj.瘦的;薄的;细的 think of 想到;考虑 thirsty adj.口 渴 的 ; 土 地 等) ( 缺水的,干旱的;渴望的

I gave him my advice and I hope he may profit thereby Therefore I have no house thick coat She should wear a thinner shirt in summer Will you think of me after I have left? (1) He became thirsty with running (2) He was thirsty for knowledge. an

我给了他我的建议希望他因 此受益 因此我没有房子 厚外套 夏天她应该穿件薄点的衣服 我离开后你会想到我吗? (1) 他跑口渴了 (2) 他渴望知识

thorough adj.彻底的; 完全的 Give the room a thorough cle thought n.思 想 ; 考 能 力 ); 思 ( 想象力;想法 thoughtful adj.思考的;表达 思想的;考虑周到的 (1)After some thought he made a plan for it (2)His thought is beyond my imagination (3)He had a thoughtful look on his face (4)She is thoughtful for her friends (1)Her boss threatened to fire her. (2)It sounded like a threat I have travelled throughout Europe (1)Throw me that book (2)a throw of sixty meters Thus the question was finally settled (1)The tide is in(out) (2)The tide of the battle turned against us His bedroom is very tidy (1)The box is so tight that I cannot open it (2)tight jeans We completed ahead of time the work

把屋子彻底打扫一下 (1)一些思考之后他做了个计 划 (2)他的思想超越了我的 想象 (3)他的脸上有深思的 表情 (4)她很体贴她的朋友

threat n.威胁 threaten vt.威胁 throughout prep.遍及;贯穿 throw v.投,掷,抛,扔 n.投掷(距离或高度) thus adv.如此,这样;因而 tide n.潮(汐);潮水;潮流,趋 势;浪潮 tidy adj.整齐的;整洁的 tight adj.紧的;紧身的

(1)她老板威胁要辞退她 (2)它听起来像是威胁 我已经游历了整个欧洲 (1)把那本书扔给我 (2)投了 60 米 这样问题最终被解决了 (1)涨(退)潮了 (2)战况变得对我们不利 他的卧室很整洁 (1)这盒子太紧,我打不开 (2)紧身牛仔裤 我们提前完成了工作 我一直很忙 从前他们在这些峡谷中采煤 所有人同时说 我们到家时他已经走了 我有 时 可 以 在 图 书 馆 看 到 Tom

ahead of time 提前 all the time 一直;始终 at one time 一度 valley n.山谷,溪谷;流域 at the same time 同时 by the time 到…的时候

I have been busy all the time At one time they used to mine coal in these valleys All speak at the same time He had left by the time we reached home

from time to time 有时,不时 I can see Tom at the library form time to time 地

high time 应该 立刻 做 某事 的时候 in no time 立刻 in time 及时 once upon a time 从前 on time 准时 timetable n.时刻表;课程表 timid adj.胆怯的;羞怯的 tin n.罐头 tiny adj.极小的;微小的 tip n.顶端;尖端 tip vt.给…小费 n.小费 tiptoe n.脚趾尖 toe n.脚趾;足尖 tire vi.疲劳;厌倦 vt.使感到疲劳;使厌倦 n.疲劳,劳累 tissue n.[生]组织;薄纺织品; 手巾纸,卫生纸 toast n.,vi.祝酒;干杯 tomb n.坟墓,葬身之地 ton n.吨 tool n.工具,器具;器械 toothpaste n.牙膏 top student 优等生,尖子学 生 torch n.火把,火炬;<主英> 手电筒 tornado n.龙卷风;旋风;飓 风 touch v.,n.触摸;接触;涉 及

It is high time to go I will be back in no time He is believed to arrive in time Once upon a time there was a giant with two heads I shall awake him on time Look up the trains to Beijing in the timetable He is timid by nature I never eat anything out of tin The baby put his tiny hand in mine The stick has a metal tip (1)Did you tip the waiter?

我们马上该走了 我很快就会回来 相信他会及时到 从前有个巨人,有两个头 我将准时叫醒他 在时刻表中查询去北京的火 车 他生性胆小 我从来不吃罐装食品 孩子把小手放在我的手里 那根手杖的顶端是铁的 (1)你给服务员小费了吗?

(1)Young children tire easily

(1)小孩子很容易疲劳

(1)face tissues (2)brain tissues Let’s all toast the bride and bridegroom Tomb of Li Shizhen five tons The king was just the tool of military government

(1)面巾纸 (2)脑组织 让我们所有人为新郎新娘干 杯 李时珍之墓 5吨 国王只是军政府的一个傀儡

The tornado is coming (1)Don’t touch it. It breaks easily (2)The new law doesn’t touch his case (1)He is in the United States on a speaking tour. (2)They are touring in Spain. (3)tourist site He dried himself on a towel

飓风要来了 (1)别碰它,它容易碎 (2)新法律和他的案子无关

tour n.,vi.旅游;参观;游览, 观光;巡回演出 tourist n.旅游的;游览的,观 光的 n.旅游者;游览者,观 光者 towel n.毛巾;纸巾

(1)他正在美国做巡回演讲 (2)他们正在西班牙旅游 (3)旅游地

他用毛巾擦干身子

tower n.塔;塔楼; (机场的) 塔楼 townsman n.镇民;市民 trace n.痕迹;踪迹;足迹; (1)They knew he was tracing them 小路,小径 vt.跟踪;追踪;追溯 (2)We have lost all trace of him (1)我们循着他在雪地上留的 脚印走 (1)他们知道他正在追踪他们 (2)我们找不到他的踪迹

track n.足迹;踪迹;路径; (1)We followed his tracks through the snow 跑道 tracksports 径赛 tractor n.拖拉机 tragedy n.悲剧;灾难;惨事 The tragedy he mentioned took place in January

他提到的惨剧发生在一月份 公司转移到了东部地区

transfer v.搬;转移;转换; The company has transferred to an eastern 调动 location transplant vt.移植 (花草树木 A group of farmers were transplanted to the island by 等) ;移植(器官等) the government transport vt.运输,运送;输 送 transportation n.运输;<美> 运输工具;公共交通网;客 运;货运 trap n.陷阱;圈套;诡计 tray n.(托)盘 treasure n.宝物 treat vt.对待;看待,视为; 医治,医疗;处理;请客 n. 款待,请客;乐事 treatment n.治疗;疗法;疗 程;待 遇;处理 (1)He treated me all right (2)They treated me as their own child (3)The dentist is treating my teeth (4)The water is chemically treated (5)I will treat today (6)Those performances are a great treat to me (7)He is receiving treatment for cancer (8)chemical treatment of wastewater The room is warm now, but he is still trembling (1)A bus transported us from the airport to the city (2)The transportation of goods by air costs a lot a hidden trap There were two glasses of water on the tray

一批农民被政府迁到这个岛 上居住 (1)一辆汽车把我们从飞机场 运到城市 (2)空中运货花销很大

隐藏的陷阱 托盘上有两杯水

(1)他待我不错 (2)他们把我当成自己的孩子 (3)牙医正在治疗我的牙 (4)水 经过了化学处理 (5)今天我请 客 (6)那些表演对我来说是 一大 乐事 (7)他在接受癌症治疗 (8)废水的化学处理

tremble vi.抖动;摇动

屋子暖和了,但他还在颤抖 他们之间有很大的不同 能做些事情来扭转趋势吗? (1)你会变戏法吗?

tremendous adj.极 大的 ; 巨大 There is a tremendous difference between them 的 trend n.(路、河流等的)走 向;趋势;倾向 trick n.诡计;戏法 Can anything be done to reverse this trend? (1)Can you do magic tricks?

vt.欺诈 trolley n.手推车;电车 trolleybus n.无轨电车 come true 实现 try vt.尝试;试验;试图;努 力;审讯,审判;考验 vi. 尝试;试验;试图;努力 try out 试用

(2)Don’t try to trick me

(2)不要试图欺骗我

His words came true

他的话实现了

(1)This will try your courage (1)这可以考验你的勇气 (2)He was tried and found (2)他受审并被判有罪 (3)这些 guilty 想法很好,但需要被 试用 (3)The ideas seem good, but they need to be tried out tube n.管(子) ;软管;地铁 You may get to the railway 你可以乘地铁到火车站 station by tube 隧道 testtube试管 tune n.曲子;曲调 violin n.小提琴 violinist n.小提琴手 tunnel n.隧道;地道 The violin and the piano seem to be out of tune The train passed through a tunnel 钢琴和小提琴好像不合调

火车通过了地道 (1)他要求加薪但被拒绝了 (2)舞台灯光变暗了

turn down ( 把音量)调低; (1)He requested a rise but was turned down 拒绝 (2)The theatre lights were turned down turn in 上交;拐角进入 turn into 使变成;翻译 (1)Turn in your homework, please (1)The old building was turned into a library (2)Please turn it into English He turned off the water Please turn the light on for me

(1)上交你的作业 (1)旧大楼被变成了图书馆 (2)请把它译成英文 他关掉水 请帮我打开灯 (1)关灯 (2)上个月你们生产了多少机 器 (3)那天倒是个好天气 (1)他在脑中仔细考虑这个想 法 (2)把这页翻过去 (3) 我们 应 该 把 钥 匙 移 交给 谁? (1)向右转 (2)他向我求助 (1)请把收音机调大一点 (2)他直到一小时后才出现

turn off 关掉 turn on 开;打开

turn out 关掉 ; 原 来 ( 是 ) (1)turn out the light ; (2)How many machines did 生产;制造 you turn out last month? (3)The day turned out (to be) a fine day turn over 移交;仔细考虑; (1)He turned the idea over in his mind 翻阅 (2)Turn over the page (3)To whom should we turn over the key? turn to 转向;求助于 (1)turn to the right (2)He turned to me for help

turn up 开大,调大;出现; (1)Please turn the radio up a little 查阅 (2)He didn’t turn up until an hour later tutor n.家庭教师;<美>(大 学)导师 vt.当…的教师;辅导,指导 Tutor sb for an examination

辅导某人准备考试

type n.型,类型;典型,榜样 (1)this type of skirt (2)I cannot type as rapidly as vt.用打字机打 you. vi.打字 typewritern.打字机 typistn.打字员 typhoon n.台风 typical adj.典型的; 有代表性 的 tyre n.轮胎 The picture is typical of its kind

(1)这种类型的裙子 (2)我不能像你打字一样快

这幅画在同类中很有代表性


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