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2015高考英语一轮限时特训:6-3 A healthy life(人教版)


[基础知识· 夯实] Ⅰ.单词拼写 根据汉语注释及首字母提示写出下列单词的正确形式。 1. After the accident, he was b______ from driving alone.

2. She has a________ (偏见) against modern music. 3. In my________ (判断), we shoul

d accept their apology. 4. [2012· 浙江阅读 A]Some researchers found that rising temperatures are having harmful________ (影响) on at least five species of rabbit in the US. 5. He's ________ (绝望的) after being lost in the desert for more than a week. 答案:1. banned 2. prejudice 3. judgement 4. effects 5. desperate Ⅱ. 选词填空 addicted to; decide on; be accustomed to; manage to; leave out 1. His father has become____________ drugs. 2. I'm sorry for______________ the important point in your speech. 3. His grandfather has____________life in the mountains from his childhood. 4. How do you________ carry such a heavy box? 5. I have________ buying a bike for my brother's birthday. 答案:1. addicted to Ⅲ.单句语法填空 1. If you take ________ risk of not wearing a seat belt, you will be at ________ risk. 答案:the; / 解析:考查冠词的用法。take the risk of...“冒着(做)??的危险”;at risk “处于危险中;处境危险”。 2.Things can easily go wrong when people are ________ ________(在压力之下). 答案:under stress 解析:句意:在有压力的情况下,人容易把事情搞砸。under stress 固定搭配,意为“在压力之下”。 3.Playing on the computer too long has a bad________ ________(effect) your health, so you should have a break now and then. 答案:effect on 解析:have an effect on 意为“对??产生影响”,符合题意。 4. —John fell behind in his studies. —No wonder. He ________ ________ ________(addict) playing the QQ Farm online. 答案:was addicted to 解析:从 John fell behind in his studies 及 No wonder 可知用 be addicted to “上了瘾的;入了迷的”。 此处应用过去时。 5. Having been here for two years, I have been accustomed ________ ______(live) in such a noisy place. 2. leaving out 3. been accustomed to 4. manage to 5. decided on

答案:to living 解析:句意:在这儿住了两年了,我已经习惯这种吵闹的地方了。be accustomed to doing...“习惯 于??”。 6.He felt________(羞愧) of cheating in the exam, deciding never to do such things again. 答案:ashamed 解析:be/feel ashamed of“因??而羞愧”,符合题意。shame 不用于此结构。 7. Frank has been punished by his parents______ ______(由于) his carelessness in the examination. 答案:due to/because of 解析: 由 has been punished 和 his carelessness 之间的关系可知应填表因果关系的连接词。 due to 意为“由 于”,相当于 because of。 8. ______ ______ ______(尽管) the fact that he is a star on stage now, this young man is still shy and talks little. 答案:In spite of 解析:考查介词短语。句意:尽管事实上他现在在舞台上是一个明星,但是这个年轻人仍然害羞且言 谈少。in spite of “虽然;尽管”。 9.The exploration is very dangerous, but that is a risk we have to________. 答案:take 解析:句意:这次探险很危险,但是我们不得不冒这个险。take a risk 意为“冒险”。这是借助定语从 句考查固定搭配。 10.—Now that you like the iPhone 5 very much, isn't it a good idea to get one? —Well, I'd like to but I can't afford________ ________ ________(如此昂贵) iPhone 5 at present. 答案:that expensive an 解析:考查 that 的特殊用法。that 作副词用时,意思和用法与 so 相同,所以当 that 和冠词、形容词一 起放在名词前时,其结构应该是“that+形容词+不定冠词+名词”。 [实战能力· 提升] Ⅳ.阅读理解 A [2014· 辽宁省大连市高三双基测试] “Sooner or later, we will have to recognize that the Earth also has rights to live without pollution. What we must know is that human beings cannot live without the Earth, but the planet can live without humans.”—Evo Morales I am not one to tell people what to do; I basically believe that as Americans we have a right to our own opinions, social issues, etc. Now, with that being said, I must stress one issue that seems to be a growing trend: pick up your trash. I love the fact that parents involve their children in outdoor activities. In fact, I encourage outdoor activities for children. I think that being outdoors away from technological devices fuels the imagination. That is to say, it

provides materials for children's writing and creation. I really do love seeing a family sitting along a river bridge and enjoying some summertime fishing as well as exploring.But what I do not like is going back to the same area the next day and finding the place littered with trash. Pick up your trash. If you are teaching your children about outdoor activities, such as fishing, teach them to respect nature as well. When packing your supplies for the day's outing, throw a small kitchen bag in with the rest of the items. Use the kitchen bag to throw your papers, cans, wrappers, containers and everything else that is not at the site upon arrival. Remember to take the kitchen bag with you. Don't misuse your responsibility and model. I am the first one to admit that I am not perfect when it comes to the “Reduce, Reuse, Recycle”program. From my desk right now, I can see a pile of old magazines that need to be taken to the recycling center. But I would never leave trash along a roadside or other public areas. I would like to see future generations enjoy the outdoors without all the pollutants left behind today. For now, I would just like to take my wildlife photos without litter in the background. Pick up your trash. 1.What is implied in Evo Morales' words in Paragraph 1? A. Human beings should change their attitude towards the Earth. B. Human beings will live forever on the Earth safe and sound. C. Human beings have realized the importance of caring about the Earth. D. Human beings only know they have rights to ask for more from the Earth. 2.Why does the author think he is not perfect when referring to the Three R's program? A. He isn't accustomed to using the kitchen bag. B. He would never pick up trash at the roadside. C. He always throws the old magazines to the dustbin. D. He doesn't take his old magazines to a recycling center. 3.What is the purpose of this passage? A. To give parents some guidance on how to educate their children. B. To teach a lesson to those parents who don't care about the Earth. C. To show his attitude towards parents' behavior in outdoor activities. D. To ask parents to guide their kids to respect nature in outdoor activities. [文章大意] 作者通过引用别人的话介绍了美国人的环保理念:收拾好自己的垃圾。 1.A。推理判断题。根据第一段的内容可推知,人类已经严重地污染了地球,地球迟早有一天会抛弃 人类而独立存在,由此暗示出人类必须改变对地球的态度。所以选 A 项。 2. D。 细节理解题。 从倒数第二段中的“From my desk right now, I can see a pile of old magazines that need to be taken to the recycling center.”可知,作者认为自己也有不足的地方,因为他没有及时清理桌面上的旧杂 志。所以选 D 项。 3. D。 写作意图题。 从文章多处出现的“Pick up your trash”, 第三段中的“I love the fact that parents involve their children in outdoor activities.”以及第四段中的“If you are teaching your children... teach them to respect nature as well.”等内容可知,作者写本文的目的是叫家长指导孩子在进行户外活动时爱护环境。所以选 D 项。 B

[2013· 课标全国卷Ⅱ] Given that many people's moods (情绪) are regulated by the chemical action of chocolate, it was probably only a matter of time before somebody made the chocolate shop similar to a drugstore of Chinese medicine. Looking like a setting from the film Charlie one hand almost always in the jar of sweets. If the CRF seems to be a smart idea, that's because Lee is not merely a seasoned salesperson but also head of a marketing department that has business relations with big names such as Levi's and Sony. That idea surely results in the imagination at work when it comes to making different flavored (味道) chocolates. The CRF's produce is “green”, made within the country and divided into 10 lines, with the Alcohol Series & the Chocolate Factory, Singapore's Chocolate Research Facility (CRF) has over 100 varieties of chocolates. Its founder is Chris Lee who grew up at his parents' corner store with

being the most popular. The Exotic Series-with Sichuan pepper, red bean (豆), cheese and other flavors-also does well and is fun to taste. And for chocolate_snobs,_who think that they have a better knowledge of chocolate than others, the Connoisseur Series uses cocoa beans from Togo, Cuba, Venezuela, and Ghana, among others. 4.What is good about chocolate? A. It serves as a suitable gift. B. It works as an effective medicine. C. It helps improve the state of mind. D. It strengthens business relations. 5.Why is Chris Lee able to develop his idea of the CRF? A. He knows the importance of research. B. He learns from shops of similar types. C. He has the support of many big names. D. He has a lot of marketing experience. 6.Which line of the CRF produce sells best? A. The Connoisseur Series. B. The Exotic Series. C. The Alcohol Series. D. The Sichuan Series. 7.The underlined words “chocolate snobs” in Paragraph 3 probably refer to people who ________. A. are particular about chocolate B. know little about cocoa beans C. look down upon others D. like to try new flavors [文章大意] 本文介绍了 Singapore's Chocolate Research Facility 的一些情况。 4.C。考查细节理解。由第一段第一句中的“Given that many people's moods (情绪)are regulated by the chemical action of chocolate...”可知,巧克力能改善人们的情绪,故本题选 C。 5.D。考查推理判断。由第二段中的“that's because Lee is not merely a seasoned salesperson but also head of a marketing department...”可知本题选 D。

6. C。 考查细节理解。 由最后一段第一句“The CRF's produce is ‘green’, made within the country and divided into 10 lines, with the Alcohol Series being the most popular.”可知本题选 C。 7.A。考查推理判断。根据画线部分后的定语从句“who think that they have a better knowledge of chocolate than others”可知,chocolate snobs 是指那些对巧克力非常熟悉的人,故可推断出他们也是对巧克 力比较挑剔的人。A 项中的 be particular about 意为“对??挑剔”。 Ⅴ. 短文改错 When we were in primary school, we were required to read English every morning. Now we are college students, and keep reading English every morning is still very much important. For one thing, it is wellknown that our memory in the morning is better than any other period of the day. Otherwise, reading English in the morning is definitely good for us to remember what we had learned. In addition, keeping reading English every morning is a good way to practice your oral English, correct our pronunciations and foster our sense of language. For another, reading English in the morning is a good start for a new day. If we read English in the morning, we have high enthusiasm to do other things. In short, it is still important to read English every morning as though we are in universities, especially for those who are English major. 答案: When we were in primary school, we were required to read English every morning. Now we are college students, and
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