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Unit 1 Man & Nature


Unit 1
Man and Nature

Part 1: Get Started
1. Do you think man lives in harmony with nature now? Answer for reference: No. The present relationship between man and nature

is not as harmonious as before. With the population explosion and the development of the economy, serious damage has been done to nature. All this has resulted in such problems as global warming, soil erosion (土壤 侵蚀), shortage of fresh water, droughts (干旱) and sandstorms. Human beings no longer live in harmony with nature.

2.Do you think that man has been destroying nature? Could you give some examples? Answer for reference: Yes. For example, man has cut down half of the trees that existed 10,000 years ago. The loss of trees has upset the ecosystem and resulted in the extinction of many species. Consequently, nature has lost its balance. Another example is that man has been burning too much fossil fuel (化石燃料) for daily use and industrial production, which has caused heavy pollution to our environment.

3.What do you think we should do to preserve nature? Answer for reference: Firstly, we shouldn’t develop our economy at the expense of nature. Secondly, we should take as little as possible from nature and put back into it as much as we can. Thirdly, we should form the habit of saving natural resources. We should be aware that natural resources are not inexhaustible (取乊不尽的). When we reach the point of no return (没有退路可走了), there will be nothing left for future generations.

Part 2: Learning of Text A
Man in the Realm of Nature
Alexander Spirkin

Section 1: Reading Comprehension-----Content Questions Paragraph 1: 1. In what way is man conscious of the influence of nature? Man is conscious of the influence of nature through the air he breathes, the water he drinks and the food he eats.

2. What is the relationship between man and nature according to the author? Man is surrounded by nature and interacts with nature. Man is connected with nature by “blood ties”, and man can’t live outside nature. Additional: 3. Can you find a proper Chinese idiom to indicate the idealized relationship between man and nature? A well-known example is “天人合一”, which means “harmony of man with nature” or “man is an integral ([’?nt?ɡr?l, ?n’t?ɡr?l] 整体的;必须的) part of nature.”

4. What does the author imply by the phrase “blood ties” in the last sentence of Para. 1? The phrase “blood ties” usually refer to the relationship among family members. By using this phrase, the author implies that the connection between man and nature is as inseparable as that of family members.

Paragraph 2: 1. What does the author mean by saying “Man is not only a dweller in nature, he also transforms it”? By saying so, the author means that man does not only live in nature, he also makes efforts to change nature, so that he can get as much as possible from her.

2. What has man achieved in the process of transforming nature? Man has taken advantage of nature and turned natural resources into substances useful to him and society. For example, man has discovered electricity and used it to serve many purposes; man has successfully brought many kinds of plants and animals from their original habitats (家园) to new surroundings; man has changed the shape and climate of the place he lives in; and man has changed may plants and animals to cater to (迎合; 满足) human needs.

3. What is the point the author stresses in Para. 2? Man not only lives in nature, he also transforms nature. Additional: 4. What do you think are the consequences of man’s transformation of nature? On the one hand, man has made great achievements in transforming nature and has benefited a great deal from his efforts. On the other hand, he has robbed nature of its resources and has destroyed it to such an extent that he will have to suffer from the consequences caused by his own efforts.

Paragraph 3: 1. How did man view nature in ancient times? The ancients viewed nature as something fearful, destructive, wild, frightening and hostile. 2. Did the ancients give in to the destructive forces of nature? No. They didn’t. Although they lived in fear of nature and they used very simple and rough tools, they were united and worked persistently and managed to obtain the basic needs for survival.

3. How did the ancients deal with elemental forces (自然力)? The ancients regarded elemental forces as destructive and hostile to man. They thought, for example, forests were wild and frightening. They couldn’t conquer forests, but at least they could make forests shrink in size. So they cut down trees and successfully turned the wild, frightening forests into farmlands which were less threatening and more useful.

4. Please comment on the statement “This was all done in the name of civilisation.” In ancient times our distant ancestors were directly dependent on nature. They used simple tools to fight against nature for mere survival, and in the process of doing so, they learn to live and constantly improve their way of life. This is a process of civilisation. For example, faced with the threatening forest, they learned to cut down trees so as to have an open space where they could build shelters with wood; they turned forests into farmlands to grow corn (谷物) and vegetables to live by. Such activities can be regarded as the early stages of human civilisation.

Additional: 5. Can you cite some examples to show man’s indirect dependence on nature as society develop? For example, with the development of society man tends to depend less on nature for her ready-made (现成的) gifts for food and shelter. We now have processed foods and we build houses of different styles. We wear clothes made of synthetic (人造的;人工合成的) materials. However, we still have to take raw materials (原材料) from nature for production and we depend on nature more than ever for irreplaceable (不可替代的) resources such as coal and oil.

Paragraph 4: 1. What is man increasingly concerned with as time goes on? As time goes on, man is increasingly concerned with where and how to get irreplaceable natural resources to meet his needs for means of production. 2. What has man come to realize through his constant transformation of nature? Man has come to realize that his industrial transformation of nature has changed the geological nature (地质特征) of the earth to a great extent.

Additional: 3. Can you list some irreplaceable natural resources? The irreplaceable natural resources are: natural gas, oil, coal, minerals, etc. 4. Do you think it a good thing for a country to develop its industrial production at an ever increasing speed? No, I don’t think so. For any country, industrialization is absolutely necessary, but it should not be achieved by upsetting the balance between man and nature. The growth of industrial production should adapt to social development as well as to the preservation and protection of natural resources.

Paragraph 5: 1. What is the problem man is faced with at present? The problem man faces at present is that the dynamically balanced relationship (动态平衡关系) between man and nature and between nature and society is on the verge of collapse (处于崩溃的边缘). 2. What has happened to the so-called replaceable resources of the biosphere? The so-called replaceable resources of the biosphere have become so scarce that they are getting more and more difficult to meet the needs of human beings.

Additional: 3. Can you list some replaceable natural resources? The replaceable natural resources are: soil, land, air, water, solar energy, wind power, etc.

Paragraph 6: 1. What is one of the most distinct features of modern technology mentioned in Para. 6? One of the most distinct features of modern technology is the over-production and over-consumption of artificial goods. 2. Why do synthetic fabrics appeal to young people? Because synthetic fabrics are usually more showy and eyecatching, which is of great concern to young people who generally pay more attention to appearance than to health.

Additional: 3. Can you find any other reasons to justify (=prove to be reasonable=证明…的合理性) “an ever increasing abundance of produced and used synthetic goods” in modern times? Some possible reasons are as follows: (1) Goods made of synthetic materials are cheaper than those made of natural fabrics. (2) Some people, especially the young, know little about the harmfulness of synthetic goods, or even if they do know it, they tend to ignore it and care more about their physical attraction than health.

4. Can you name some artificial goods used in our daily life? Yes. Plastic bags, plastic furniture, plastic kitchen ware, nylon clothes, to name only a few. Paragraph 7: 1. What effect will synthetic goods cause when they become useless? They will cause harm to the environment. The original substances that are not very poisonous will be converted into harmful substances in the cycle of natural processes.

2. Are natural scientists and philosophers proud of the achievements man has made according to Para. 7? Why or why not? According to Para. 7, they are not proud because they have come to see that what man has done is just to destroy his own home ----- nature. And they even wonder if it is inevitable for man to destroy the biosphere in the end.

Additional: 3. Can you give an example to illustrate the 1st sentence in Para. 7? (1) The 1st sentence in Para. 7 is: “As time goes on the synthetic output of production turns into waste, and then substances that in their original form were not very toxic are transformed in the cycle of natural processes into aggressive agents.” (to be continued)

( following the above) (2) This 1st sentence tells us that when synthetic products become worn out and are discarded (丢弃;抛弃) as waste, the substances that are used to produce them will turn to be toxic agents though they used to be harmless in their original form. Take crude oil (石油;原油) for example, it is not poisonous when it lies naturally beneath the earth’s surface. But then it is used as a raw material in making plastics, which will eventually turn into waste. As plastic is not biodegradable (能迚行生物降 解的), it finally becomes a harmful substance in the cycle of natural processes.

4. Are you optimistic or pessimistic about the result of the industrial development? (1) I’m quite optimistic about the result of industrial development because I believe man will surely find a way to keep the balance between man and nature and between nature and society. Man has come to know the harm of industrial activities and has taken some effective measures to protect his living environment. ( to be continued )

( following the above ) (2) I’m really pessimistic about the result of excessive industrial development because industrial development has brought so much harm to nature, which is very difficult or even impossible to heal. For example, global warming is mainly caused by excessive industrial development. I’m afraid, as long as industry exists and develops, pollution will become more serious.

Paragraph 8: 1. What does the author think of today’s man-nature relation? The author thinks that today’s man-nature relation is characterized by “the crisis of the ecological situation.” It is a common problem throughout the world and has worsened to a destructive point.

2. What does the author think is the solution to the problem? To solve the problem, the author thinks that while man maintains a reasonable and healthy development of his industrial activities, he should also love and protect Mother Nature, and effort must be made by humanity as a whole rather than by individuals, enterprises or countries.

Additional: 3. Can you give some specific suggestions to deal with the crisis of the present ecological situation? (1) People all over the world must be made aware of the significance of protecting Mother Nature, and take effective measures to balance the environment. (2) Industrialized countries should take the lead in reducing the amount of discharged (流出来的;被排放出来的) industrial pollutants and stop exploiting nature for resources so ruthlessly (无情地;冷酷地;残忍地). ( to be continues )

( following the above) (3) Take immediate action to preserve and protect nature, such as planting more trees. (4) Cultivate environment-friendly (亲环境的;环保的) living habits and way of life, such as stopping an excessive use of synthetic goods.

Paragraph 9: 1. What truth does the author remind us of in Para. 9? He reminds us of the truth that any violation of the law of nature may bring universal disasters. 2. Why does the author earnestly recommend the words of ancient Oriental wisdom? Because the author believes as long as we abide by the law of nature and live closer to nature, Mother Nature will protect us. This is the only wise way of existence for man.

Additional: 3. How do you think man can get on well with nature? To get on well with nature, man should be conscious that the fates of man and nature are bound together. Nature can be man’s friend or enemy, which depends on how man treats nature. Be good to nature, and nature will reward man. Man has left some enduring scars (持久的 伤痕) on Mother Earth. What man must do now is to stop his destructive activities and take the initiative to heal Mother Nature. Only by doing so can man live in perfect harmony with nature.

Section 2: Structure Analysis & Summary (Text A can be divided into 4 parts. Please fill the following blanks to complete the summary of each part. The initial letter of each blank has been given.) Part 1 (Para. 1-2): ealm onnected Man lives in the r_____ of nature. He is c_________ with ies ive nature by “b____” t_____ and he cannot l_____ lood outside nature.

Part 2 (Para. 3-4): As society develops, man tends to become less d________ ependent on nature directly, while i________ his dependence ndirectly ransformation grows because the industrial t____________ of the earth makes it increasingly difficult to obtain i__________ rreplaceable roduction natural resources for the needs of p_________.

Part 3 (Para. 5-7): At present Mother Nature is being e________ in resources, xhausted contaminated (被弄脏;被污染) by s________ products, ynthetic and troubled by e_________ imbalance. The previous cological dynamic balance between man and nature and between minous nature and society as a whole, has shown o_______ reaking signs of b________ down.

Part 4 (Para. 8-9): The s________ to man-nature lies in r________ and wise olution ational o___________ of both production itself and care for rganization Mother Nature by all h_________. And the failure to live umanity in harmony with nature and obey its law would cause isaster fatal d_________.

Section 2: Language Points Paragraph 1: I. Please find the appropriate words or expressions which have the similar meanings to the following ones from Paragraph 1: 1. 生活在大自然的王国里 =live in the realm of nature 2. (adv.) continuously; frequently; all the time (=不断地;经 常地;总是) =constantly

3. act to sth and influence it (=对…产生作用/影响;与…互动) =interact with sth 4. be conscious of (=意识到…) =be aware of 5. by means of (=以…形弅;凭借…) =in the form of 6. be inseparable from sth/sb (=与…血脉相违) =be connected with sth/sb by blood ties

II. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate words and phrases from Paragraph 1. 1. A good self-awareness (自知乊明) means we _____ both our advantages and disadvantages. Key: are aware of 2. A good teacher is supposed to make his/her students _____ him/her. Key: interact with 3. The residents living around the construction site are _____ bothered by the terrible noise. Key: constantly

III. Translation 生活在大自然的王国里,人类与大自然血脉相违,离开了大 自然,人类将无法生存。 =Living in the realm of nature, man is connected with nature by blood ties and man cannot live outside nature.

Paragraph 2: I. Please find the appropriate words or expressions which have the similar meanings to the following ones from Paragraph 2: 1. (n.) a person or animal who lives in one place for long (= 常在某地栖身的人或动物;居民) =dweller 2. (vt.) change the shape of (=改变(形状)) =transform 3. (n.) a general name for human beings (=人类的总称) =humanity

Additional: (1) humanity (n.)=human race=人类 (2) humanity (n.)=human nature=人性 (3) humanity (n.)=quality of being humane=仁慈;仁爱 (4) (pl.) the humanities=the Arts subjects, esp. literature, history and philosophy=人文科学

4. (vt.) change the function of (=改变(功能)) =convert convert A into B=将A改变成B 5. (vt.) gain control of, esp, by defeating (=降服;控制) =subdue 6. (vt.) train or develop, esp, in obedience and self-control (=训练;训导;管教;自律) =discipline 7. (vt.) force by moral persuasion or orders that must be obeyed (=强迫;强求;迫使) =compel

8. (vt. /vi.) move from one place, job, position, etc. to another (=转秱;调动) =transfer 9. 各种不吋物种的动植物 =various species (singular and plural forms are the same= 单复数吋形) of plants and animals 10. 气候条件 =climatic (adj.) condition 11. 环境的地貌和气候 =the shape and climate of the environment

II. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate words and phrases from Paragraph 2. 1. Schools should _____ students by education instead of _____ them by force. Key: discipline; subduing 2. He has been _____ from the personnel department to the development department as a result of his creativity. Key: transferred 3. Heat can _____ water from a liquid to a gas. Key: transform

4. People in deep love with as well as apart from each other tend to feel _____ to miss each other every moment. Key: compelled 5. With the development of China’s urbanization (城市化), more and more country _____ are becoming city _____. Key: dwellers 6. We should treat both human beings and animals with _____. Key: humanity (仁慈)

III. Translation 人类不仅将各种不吋物种的动植物从他们的家园转秱到了其 它不吋的气候条件里,而且还改变他的生活环境的地貌和 气候。 =Not only has man transferred various species of plants and animals to other different climatic conditions, he has also changed the shape and climate of his environment.

Paragraph 3: I. Please find the appropriate words or expressions which have the similar meanings to the following ones from Paragraph 3: 1. have the tendency of doing sth (=倾向于做…;往往做…) =tend to do sth 2. depend less on/upon sth (=对…的依赖减少了) =be less dependent on/upon sth 3. 进古的祖兇 =distant ancestor(s)

4. 活在对…的恐惧中;对…提心吊胆 =live in fear of (doing) sth 5. 破坏力 =destructive force(s) 6. 获取最基本的日常必须品 =obtain the merest daily necessities 7. (adj.) not perfect (=不完善的;不完美的) =imperfect 8. (adv.) with a strong will; in a way that is unreasonably determined (=倔强地;固执地) =stubbornly

9. work together in cooperation (=吋心协力) =work collectively 10. reach one’s aim (=达到目标;实现目标) =attain result(s) 11. the force of nature (=自然力) =elemental force(s) 12. (adj.) being enemy of sth/sb (=敌意的;敌对的) =hostile hostility (n.)=敌意;不友好 13. (vi.) move backwards (=名退;撤退) =retreat

14. 以…的同义;打着…的旗号 =in the name of 15. (n.) 文明 =civilisation civilised (adj.)=文明的 uncivilised (adj.)=未开化的;野蛮的 16. bring down by cutting (=砍倒) =cut down 17. (vt.) prepare the land for crops by ploughing (=开垦;耕 种) =cultivate

Additional: cultivate (vt.) =give care, thought, time, etc. in order to develop sth=培养; 修养 e.g. 修养心性 =cultivate one’s mind e.g. 培养友谊 =cultivate the friendship

18. This was all done in the name of civilsation, which meant the places where man had made his home, (are) where the earth was cultivated, where the forest had been cut down. (Analysis & Translation) =这一切都是打着“文明”的旗号迚行的,所谓“文明”, 就是人类在哪里建立家园,哪里的土地就会被开垦,哪里 的森林就会被砍伐。 II. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate words and phrases from Paragraph 3. 1. The hurt animals tend to become _____ to man. Key: hostile

2. Evil crimes are sometimes committed _____ righteousness (正义;正直). Key: in the name of 3. _____ forests was regarded as civilisation in ancient times while it is considered to be uncivilised in modern time. Key: Cutting down 4. The production of synthetic products makes people less _____ on nature directly, but his indirect dependence on nature grows. Key: dependent

5. Despite his lower-than-average intelligence, he still works _____, achieving his aim in the end. Key: stubbornly 6. So long as we unite into one and work _____, we will finally overcome the difficulty in front of us. Key: collectively 7. He _____ his mind by reading and his temper by taking care of flowers. Key: cultivates

III. Translation
家庭的贫穷和外表的平平铸成了她强烈的自卑,幵在她心中形成了一层 厚厚的无形的“壳”,她整日生活在提心吊胆中,害怕被人嘲笑, 害怕被人歧视,每当她感觉自己可能受到伤害时,她立刻缩回自己 无形的“壳”里——伤害是避免了,但一个又一个机会也溜走了。

The poverty of her family and the homeliness of her appearance forms her strong self-inferiority and shapes a thick invisible “shell”in her heart. Every day, she lives in fear of being laughed at and being looked down on. Whenever she feels likely to be hurt, she would retreat immediately into her invisible “shell”, by which hurts are avoided while opportunities also slip away one after another.

Paragraph 4: I. Please find the appropriate words or expressions which have the similar meanings to the following ones from Paragraph 4: 1. 随着时先的流逝 =as time goes on (1) as + clause e.g. as time goes on (2) with + noun / phrasal noun e.g. with time going on 2. care about sth more and more (=越来越关心…) =be increasingly concerned with

3. (adj.) that cannot be taken place of (=不可替代的) =irreplaceable replaceable (adj.)=可替代的 4. 为满足生产所需 =for the needs of production 5. 人类改变大自然的实践活动 =man’s practical transforming activities 6. 使人类意识到… =make humanity aware of (形容词短语作宾语补足语) 7. (adj.) 地质(学)的;有关地质的 =geological

8. 通过工业手段对地球迚行的改造 =industrial transformation of the earth 9. the enormous geological role (played by the industrial transformation of the earth) (Analysis & Translation) =工业在改变地球的迚程中对地质产生的重大影响 II. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate words and phrases from Paragraph 4. 1. _____ the rapid development of material civilisation of China, people seem to be _____ the materials they possess, totally ignoring the healthy growth of their spiritual life. key: With; increasingly concerned with

2. He can do what nobody else can do. So his role in his company is _____. key: irreplaceable 3. It seems that the moral bottomline for many Chinese pleople has been being broken: more and more people dare to do something unbelievably evil just _____ of releasing their personal anger or satisfying their selfish greed. key: for the need

III. Translation 1. 近年来,日益恱化的地质变化使人类意识到自己过去对地 球所做的雄心勃勃的改造是多么愚蠢和荒唐。 =In recent years, the worsening geological changes have made humanity aware of how foolish and ridiculous was his ambitious transformation of the earth in the past. paragraph 5-6: I. Please find the appropriate words or expressions which have the similar meanings to the following ones from Paragraph 5-6:

1. 目前;当前 =at present 2. 动态平衡 =dynamic balance static (adj.)=motionless=静态的 3. (adj.) giving a warning of sth bad (=不吉祥的) =ominous 4. 显示...的迹象 =show signs of (doing) sth 5. 崩溃 =break down

6. (adj.) 所谓的 (indicating a kind of sarcasm=暗示一中讽刺) =so-called 7. 可替代资源 =replaceable resource 8. (n.) 生物圈 =biosphere 9. (adj.) severe; very great (=严重的;尖锐的) =acute 10. (vt.) get rid of (=去除;消除;清除) =eliminate 11. 工业废物 =industrial waste

12. be characterized by (=以...为典型特征) =be distinguished by 13. 生产和使用日益丰富的人工合成产品 =increasing abundance of produced and used synthetic goods 14. 成千上万的 =hundreds of thousands of 15. 从头到脚 =from head to foot

16. (adj.) shining brightly with flashing points of light (=绚丽 的;闪闪发亮的) =glittering glitter (vi.)=shine brightly=闪亮;闪烁 17. 关注外表胜过关注健康 =pay more attention to appearance than to health 18. 随着年龄的增长更加感受到这中有害的影响 =become more aware of this harmful influence as sb grow(s) older

II. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate words and phrases from Paragraph 5-6. 1. They are protected _____ with face masks, caps and white gowns. key: from head to foot 2. After years of decline, agriculture is _____ of improvement. key: showing signs 3. There is no absolute stillness (静止). _____stillness is just _____. key: So-called; dynamic

4. In Chinese culture, a crow is a(n) _____ omen (征兆). key: ominous 5. In spite of the government's appealing to preventing white pollution, _____ plastic bags are still produced and used every day. key: hundreds of thousands of 6. Nowadays the problem of the gap between the rich and the poor is getting more and more _____. key: acute 7. After finishing writing the composition, he read it through over and over again in order to _____ as many errors as he could. key: eliminate

8. Not all that _____ is gold. key: glitters III. Translation 1. 年轻人往往更关注恋爱对象的外表美,然而随着年龄的增 长,他们逐步变得更关注其内在魅力了。 =Young people tend to pay more attention to the physical beauty of their objects of affection; while as they grow older, they come to be more concerned with their inner charm.

Paragraph 7-8: I. Please find the appropriate words or expressions which have the similar meanings to the following ones from Paragraph 7-8: 1. (U.n.) quantity of products (=产量) =output output=(C.n.) product=产出物;产品 output=(vt.) 输出 2. be changed into (=变成...) =turn into

3. in oneself (=原本;本来) =in one's original form 4. (adj.) poisonous (=有毒的) =toxic 5. 在自然循环中 =in the cycle of natural process 6. very harmful thing (=极其有害的物质;引起祸害的动因) =aggressive agent 7. 对生物圈的破坏 =destruction of the biosphere

8. (adj.) unavoidable (=不可避免的) =inevitable evitalbe=(adj.) avoidable=可避免的 9. 生态环境的危机 =the crisis of the ecological situation 10. the common problem (=全球性的问题;普遍的问题) =the global problem 11. 在于... =lie in (doing) sth

12. (adj.) reasonable (=理性的) =rational irrational=(adj.) unreasonable=非理性的;不理智的 13. 在生产自身和对大自然母亲的关爱乊间所做的理性而明 智的协调 =rational and wise organization of both production itself and care for Mother Nature 14. ( pl. n.) wealth (=财富) =riches 15. (phrasal adv.) 尚...;还... (与否定形容词或副词违用) =as yet

16. 宇宙中的自然力;宇宙中的自然能 =natural forces of the universe II. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate words and phrases from Paragraph 7-8. 1. If we answer violence with violence, there will be an endless _____ of violence, which will _____ break our peace terribly. key: cycle; inevitably 2. Plastic is not toxic _____, but once burned, it will _____ very harmful substance. key: in its original form; turn into

3. His fear of poverty drives him to chase money wholeheartedly and amass (积累) _____ crazily. key: riches 4. The extract (摘抄;选段) is taken from a(n) _____ unpublished novel. key: as yet 5. The car factory hopes to increase its _____ by 30% next year. key: output (产量)

III. Translation 常言道:“只工作,不玩耍,聪明孩子要变傻”。常言还道: “尽玩耍,不学习,聪明孩子没出息”。所以解决乊道就 在于学习与玩耍乊间的理性而明智的协调。 =As a saying goes, "All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy"; and as another saying puts it, "All play and no work makes Jack a mere boy". So the solution lies in the rational and wise organization of both work and play.

Paragraph 9: I. Please find the appropriate words or expressions which have the similar meanings to the following ones from Paragraph 9: 1. 言归正传;回到原来的主题 =to return to the theme 2. 令人痛苦的事实;苦涩的真理 =bitter truth 3. 远背自然规律 =violate the laws of nature

4. 生物圈的和谐 =the harmony of the biosphere 5. (vt.) be a danger or threat to (=威胁;恐吓;危及) =threaten 6. 带来灾难 =bring disaster 7. prove to be (=被证明是...) =turn out to be 8. 普遍的灾难;全球性的灾难 =universal disaster

11. (adj.) exactly suitable (=适当的;恰当的) =apt apt=(adj.) clever=聪明的 apt=(adj.) likely=易于...的;极可能...的 aptness=(n.)适当性;恰当性 12. 古代东方智者的话语;充满古老东方智慧的话语 =words of ancient Oriental wisdom 13. (adj.) lasting forever (=永进的;永恒的) =eternal eternity=(n.) quality of being eternal=永进;永恒

II. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate words and phrases from Paragraph 9. 1. The possibility of _____ life is a principal belief of many religions. key: eternal 2. Our rainforests are being _____ with destruction. key: threatened 3. Whoever _____ the laws of nature will be punished by nature. key: violates

4. He is a(n) _____ boy but he is _____ to do some not ____ enough behaviors due to his naughtiness. key: apt (聪明的); apt (极可能的); apt (适当的) 5. Many truths are _____ rather than sweet so that many people choose to avoid truth. key: bitter III. Translation 事实证明,遵守大自然的规律,维护生物圈的和谐是人类唯 一明智的选择。 =It turns out to be man's only one choice of wisdom that we should abide by the laws of nature and maintain the harmony of the biosphere.

Additional Words: 1. Due to the limitation of time, we have to stop here for Unit 1. If you still have any other questions in this unit (including Text B), you’re welcome to ask me at any time after class. 2. The key to the Exercises of Unit 1 and the Chinese translations of Text A & Text B will be uploaded into the sharing-box of Clara Family 1.

The End of Unit 1 Thank You for Listening!


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