Module 5 The Conquest of the Universe
Module 6 The Tang Poems
Ⅰ. 立体记单词快速识记 witness v. ) 1. _______( burst v. ) 2. _____( view v. ) 3. ____( acknowledge v. ) 4. ____________(
random adj. ) 5. _______( accuse v. ) 6. ______( swear v. ) 7. _____( 目击, 亲眼看见; 亲身经历
看, 观察 承认; 认为 任意的; 随机的 指责 起誓保证
abstract adj. ) 8. ________(
foresee v. ) 9. ______( consult v. ) 10. _______( share v. ) 12. _____( appeal n. ) 13. ______( glance v. ) 14. ______(
预知; 预见 咨询; 请教
acquaintance n. ) 相识的人; 泛泛之交 11. ____________( 分享, 共享 魅力, 吸引力 一瞥; 迅速看一眼
accustomed adj. )习惯的→_________( accustom v. )使??习惯 15. ___________(
assume v. )假定, 假设→__________( assumption n. )假定, 假设 16. _______( patience n. )耐心→_______( patient adj. )耐心的(n. )病人 17. ________( depend v. )依靠; 取决于→___________( dependence n. )依赖; 依靠 18. _______( dependent adj. )依靠的; 依赖的→____________( independence n. )独立 →_________( independent adj. )独立的 →___________( relief n. )安慰; 宽慰→______( relieve v. )减轻(痛苦); 使欣慰 19. _____( division n. )部分→divide 20. _______( _____ (v. )分成
commitment n. )忠诚, 奉献 21. ___________( commit v. )犯(错误等); 向??保证, 委托 →_______(
consistent adj. )一致的; 吻合的→______( consist v. )组成, 一致, 在于 22. _________( stable adj. )稳定的; 安定的→_______( stability n. )稳定, 稳定性 23. ______(
arguably adv. )有争议地→________( arguable adj. )可辩论的, 可论证的 24. ________(
argue v. )争论→_________( argument n. )争论 →_____( dramatic adj. )给人深刻印象的; 戏剧性的→______( drama n. )戏剧 25. ________( observation n. )观察; 监视→_______( observe v. )观察, 遵守 26. ___________(
tolerant adj. )宽容的, 容忍的→_______( tolerate v. )容忍, 忍受 27. _______(
prove v. )证明是; 被发现是→_____( proof n. )证据; 证明 28. _____( approve v. )赞成; 同意→________( approval n. )赞成; 同意 29. ________( caution v. )警告; 劝??小心→________( cautious adj. )谨慎的, 小心的 30. _______( decorate v. )装点; 美化→__________( decoration n. )装饰, 装饰物 31. ________( reflect v. )反映, 显示; 表达→_________( reflection n. )倒影 32. ______(
【语境应用】用所给词的适当形式完成句子 patience and understanding if you’re going to be a ①You’ll need ________ patient teacher. (patient) _______ independent victims in the big earthquake didn’t _______ depend on ②The ___________ the police to come to their rescue. (depend) cautious person and I thanked him for his friendship and ③He is a ________ caution (caution) _______.
decorate their houses with Christmas __________ decorations at ④People often ________
in spite of 1. _________ at the very beginning of *2. _____________________ a series of *3. _________ make it 4. _______ accuse sb. of doing sth. 5. ____________________ pray for *6. ________ be similar to *7. ___________ 不管, 尽管 在??一开始的时候 一系列的; 一连串的 成功, 到达 指责某人某事 祈望; 祈求
*8. set in motion
*9. set out *10. take hold of 11. approve of sth. 12. a chorus of 13. cater for *14. correspond with
开始做; 着手进行 ________________ 抓住 _____ 赞成某事; 满意某事 __________________ 异口同声的 ___________ 满足??的要求 _______________ 与??通信 ___________
【语境应用】选用上面带星号的短语填空 set out paint the whole house but finished only the front part. ①He ______to Take hold of ②___________my hand, and I’ll draw you out of the river. at the very beginning of ③The teacher handed out the books _____________________the lesson. is too _________your similar to ④The member name you have chosen __ password. Please choose another member name or a different password.
1. The world was in shock—maybe they assumed this space flight
would be no more dangerous than getting on an aeroplane. (“no+比较 级+than”表示“同??一样不”) 【仿写】他的书写跟我的一样, 都不好。 no better than mine His handwriting is _________________.
2. Incredible as it may seem, both the observations of science and the evidence of our eyes lead to the inescapable assumption. . . (as表示 “尽管, 虽然”时, 引导的状语从句用倒装) 【仿写】尽管他很小心, 但还是犯了一个错误。 Careful as he was, he made a mistake. _________________________________
3. As he was not so successful as some of the other young men of his
time in the Civil Service Examination to become a government official, he began a life of travel and poetry. (not so. . . as原级比较) 【仿写】乒乓球是相当温和适中的, 它不像足球那么粗野。 it is not so rough as football Table tennis is very moderate; ________________________.
4. The poems provide a channel through which they can communicate with the world, and express their feelings. (“介词+which”引导的定语 从句) 【仿写】他们买了一台望远镜, 通过它他们可以观察星星。 through which they could observe the stars They bought a telescope _____________________________________. 5. If only people could see me inside. (if only引导的虚拟语气句) 【仿写】要是我能去巴西看2016年奥运会就好了。 If only I could go to Brazil to watch 2016 Olympic Games. __________________________________________________
1. accustomed adj. 习惯的, 适应的, 通常的(后面接介词to)
【思维激活?试一试】 is ___________ accustomed __ to will change. ①The old man is afraid that the life he __ 这位老人害怕他已经适应的生活会发生变化。
(1)be/get/become accustomed/used to+n. /pron. /v. -ing
accustom sb. /oneself to+n. /pron. /v. -ing 使某人/自己适应
②She was a person accustomed to having eight hours’sleep a night. 她是那种习惯每晚睡八个小时的人。 ③It took a while for me to accustom myself to all the new rules and regulations. 我花了一段时间才逐渐适应了所有新的规章制度。
常见的表示“习惯于 , 适应”的短语还有 be used to, adapt to,
adjust to。在这些短语中, to是介词, 后面接名词、代词、动词-ing形
比较下面两个句子: She has adapted to keeping silent when her parents quarrel. The world she adapted to has been destroyed.
前面句子中的 has adapted to 作谓语 , keeping silent when her parents quarrel作宾语; 后面句子中的she adapted to作定语, has been destroyed作谓语。
2. assume v. 假定, 假设 【思维激活?试一试】 assumed ____ him __ to ___ be an honest man. ①I ________ 我认为他是一个诚实的人。
(1)assume that. . .
assume. . . to be
assuming that. . .
n. 假定, 假设 假定/认为?? 假定, 假设
make an assumption that. . . on the assumption that
②When it comes to medicine, I assumed that it was important to
always be honest with the patients.
③Assuming that his story is true, what should we do?
It is assumed that hard work leads to great success. So we all assume
him to be successful. But assuming that he doesn’t succeed, what shall
we do to comfort him?
人们普遍认为努力工作将会走向成功。所以我们都认为他会成功。但 是, 假如他不成功, 我们如何安慰他呢?
assuming/providing/provided/suppose/supposing(that), if, in case, on condition that等。
3. acknowledge v. 承认; 认为; 告知收到(信件、礼物等); 感谢 【思维激活?试一试】句型转换 ①He acknowledged that he was wrong. acknowledged _______ himself __ to ___ be wrong. =He _____________ 他承认自己错了。
(1)acknowledge sth. /that. . .
acknowledge doing. . .
acknowledge. . . as/to be
It is widely/universally acknowledged that. . . 大家公认?? (2)acknowledgement n. 承认; 感谢
②The thief acknowledged stealing a watch from the store. 那个小偷承认从这个店里偷过一块手表。 ③(2014· 福建高考)It is widely acknowledged that students should be evaluated in terms of overall quality. 人们普遍认为学生应该依据其整体素质而被评价。
【误区点拨?悟一悟】 acknowledge 与 admit 一样 , 后面要接名词、代词、动词 -ing 或 that从句。
4. accuse v. 指责, 责备; 控告 【思维激活?试一试】 accused Tom __ of stealing her car. ①The lady _______ charged Tom ____ with stealing her car. =The lady _______ 这位女士指控汤姆偷了她的车。
accuse sb. of(doing)sth.
accuse sb. as
②Tom was accused as murderer. 汤姆被指控为杀人犯。 ③The accused was found innocent. 被告被判定无罪。
【明晰异同?辨一辨】 表示直接严厉地指出某人的过错, 加以谴责; 也表示 对犯错误的人的指控或控告, 常用于accuse sb. of sth. 指“因犯较大的错误或重大的罪行而进行的正式法 律控诉”, 常用于charge sb. with sth. , 意为“控告某 人某事”
5. consult v. 咨询; 请教; 查阅; 商议 【思维激活?试一试】
consult ____ with a physician. ①Now you had better _______
(1)consult with sb.
consult sb. about sth. 咨询某人某事
consult a book/map
②We will consult with her about her education. 我们将和她一起商议她的教育事宜。
③He paused to consult his notes, and then went on with his questions.
【拓展延伸】 表示“查阅”的词义辨析 表示“查阅”时, 后面接书籍、词典、资料之类的词。表 consult 示“咨询; 磋商”时, 常用于consult sb. about sth. 表示“查阅”时, 后面接书籍、词典、资料之类的词, 可以 refer to 与consult互换。refer to还表示“提到, 说起” 表示“查阅”时, 用于look up a word/an idiom/a sentence/ look up a fact in a book/a dictionary。look up还表示“抬起头, 好 转”
6. acquaintance n. [U]熟悉, 认识; [C]熟人, 相识 【思维激活?试一试】 had ___ no ____________ acquaintance ____ with the book. ①She said she ____ 她说她对那本书不熟悉。
【知识构建?记一记】 (1)have(no)acquaintance with 对??(不)了解
have a passing/nodding acquaintance with sb. /sth. 与某人有点头之交; 对某事所知甚少
on further/closer acquaintance
(2)acquaint be acquainted with sb. /sth. get/become acquainted
vt. 使认识, 使了解 认识某人/某物 相识, 熟悉
②I made his acquaintance/made the acquaintance of him two years ago. 我是两年前认识他的。
③I’ve been acquainted with their customs.
【巧学助记?看一看】 Are you acquainted with the famous actor? I have been looking forward to making the acquaintance of him, but I don’t have the chance. 你认识那位著名的演员吗? 我一直盼望着结识他, 但没有机会。
7. share v. 分享; 共享
n. 一份, 份额; 股份
【思维激活?试一试】 share my news ____ with you. ①I want to _____ 我想把我得到的消息告诉你。
share sth. with sb.
share sth. between/among sb. 在某人之间分配某物
(2)have/take a share in(doing)sth. 参与(做)某事
②The profits are shared equally among the partners. 合伙人均分利润。 ③—Have you paid? What’s my share of the bill? —Don’t worry about it. It wasn’t very much. ——付钱了吗? 我该承担多少?
8. prove v. 证明, 证实 link-v. 证明是; 被发现是
proved __ to ___ be a complete success. ①The operation _______ 这个手术证明非常成功。
prove sth. to sb.
prove sb. /sth. (to be)+adj. /n. 证明某人/物??
prove(to be)+n. /adj. It is proved that. . . 证明是?? 据证明??
②One is testing with real patients, so as to prove that this is a
technology they can benefit from.
③She was determined to prove to her parents that she could live on her own. 她决心向她的父母证明她能靠自己生活。
④It is proved that TV programs of violence have a bad influence on children.
prove作及物动词时, 可跟名词、代词或从句作宾语, prove还可
作系动词, 后接形容词或名词作表语, 意为“被证明是”, 但不可用被
表状态: be(am, is, are)
表持续: keep, rest, remain, stay, lie, stand
表似乎: seem, appear
表感官: feel, smell, sound, taste, look 表变化: become, grow, turn, fall, get, go, come, run 表终止: prove, turn out
9. reflect v. 反映, 显示; 表达; 反射; 深思, 反省 【思维激活?试一试】用所给词的适当形式填空 reflecting (reflect)the life of ordinary people is popular. ①The song _________
【知识构建?记一记】 (1)reflect on/upon sth. 沉思或思忆(往事); 思考
reflect well/badly on sb. /sth. 使给人以好的/坏的印象 (2)reflection n. 映像, 倒影, 反射, 反映, 深思
②He reflected on/upon his past mistakes.
③The story tells us the man falls in love with his own reflection in a
pool of water.
accused (指控)him of making big noise at midnight. 1. His neighbors _______ consult 2. My brother is a consultant of law and many people come to _______ (咨询)him about their problems.
prove (证明)his innocence. 3. For ten years, he has been fighting to _____
shares (分享)his feelings with his friends. 4. He is so shy that he never ______
reflected 反映)her lack of interest in school. 5. Her poor grades ________( accustomed 习惯)to the dark. 6. Her eyes quickly became ___________( 7. After the accident, the police spent a week finding out the person witnessed 目击)it. who _________(
Ⅱ. 完成句子 got accustomed to 1. She has ________________this sort of work. 她对这种工作已习惯了。 accusing him of lying his 2. He faced a total of seven charges, all ___________________in testimony. 他一共面临7项控告, 都指控他作伪证。 Consult your doctor about 3. _______________________how much exercise you should get. 咨询你的医生你应做多少运动。
It is proved that 4. ______________this small country possesses chemical weapons. 已经证明这个小国拥有化学武器。 reflect on 5. I need time to _________your offer. 我需要时间来考虑你的建议。
Ⅱ. 热考短语句式 1. in spite of 不管, 尽管
【思维激活?试一试】 in _____ spite __ of the fact that it is overpriced. ①The house will certainly sell __
in spite of the fact that
in spite of=despite
prep. 尽管; 不管
②In spite of/Despite feeling tired, she kept on working. 尽管很累, 但她继续工作。 ③They will carry out this experiment, regardless of what happens. 不管发生什么, 他们都会完成这个实验。
【拓展延伸】“尽管”之辨 in spite of 介词短语, 意为“尽管”, 表示转折, 相当于 despite 介词短语, 意为“不管”, 表示不去考虑, 强 调主观上的不管不顾
regardless of though/although
连词, 意为“尽管”, 引导状语从句
2. approve of sth. 赞成某事; 满意某事
approving __ of fair competition. ①We will cooperate with those _________
approve of sb. /sth. /doing sth. 同意某人/某事/做某事
approve of sb. doing sth. (2)approval meet with sb. ’s approval win/earn sb. ’s approval 同意某人做某事 n. 赞成, 同意; 批准, 认可 得到某人的批准 得到某人的赞许
②His parents approve of his trying to earn some money by himself.
③The minutes of the last meeting were approved.
④By doing well at school he hoped to win his parents’ approval. 他在学校表现不错, 希望以此得到父母的赞许。
【误区点拨?悟一悟】 (1)approve作“批准”讲时, 常用作及物动词, 作“赞成”讲时, 常用 approve of。 (2)approve一般不用于进行时态。
3. cater for满足??的要求, 适合; 为??提供饮食及服务(尤指社交
【思维激活?试一试】 caters ___ for all ability ranges. ①The class ______ 这个班对各种不同水平的人都适合。
【知识构建?记一记】 cater v. (为社交活动)提供饮食, 承办酒席
②It’s the kind of movie that caters to the worst side of human nature. 这是那种迎合人性最阴暗面的电影。
4. correspond with与??通信; 与??一致
correspond ____ with hers. ①Your account of events does not __________
相符合; 相配; 相当于
n. 通信; 一致; 符合
hold/keep up a correspondence with sb.
与某人(保持)通信(联系) in correspondence with by correspondence 和??一致; 与??有联系 用写信的方法
②The numbers correspond to distinct points on the map. 这些数字与地图上明确的点相对应。 ③ He has been in correspondence with his classmates since he graduated. 自从毕业以来他一直和同学有书信往来。
5. make it成功; 及时到达; 赶上 【思维激活?试一试】 make __. it 努力干, 你会成功的。 ①Work hard, and you’ll _____
(1)make it big
make it through
make it to+some place 及时赶到某地
make it+time (2)make it up to sb. make it up with sb. 就定为某时间吧 给某人补偿 和某人和解; 和某人言归于好
②Not surprising, I never did make it back to college fulltime. 毫不奇怪, 我再也没有回到大学全职学习。
【对接高考?做一做】用适当的词填空 it to the airport just in time to catch ③(2012· 全国卷Ⅱ)Sarah made __
her plane this morning.
6. Incredible as it may seem, both the observations of science and the
evidence of our eyes lead to the inescapable assumption.
Young as he is he knows a lot about football. ①_____________,
(1)Incredible as it may seem=Although it may seem incredible, 是由as
(2)as意为“尽管”, 表示一种强烈的语意 , 从句中的表语、状语或动
词需置于as之前, 构成倒装语序; 作表语的名词提到as之前时, 名词前 不能加冠词。
②Try as she might, Sue couldn’t get the door open. 尽管Sue尝试了, 但是她无法打开门。 ③Child as he is, he knows a lot. 虽然他是个孩子, 但懂得很多。
though引导让步状语从句时, 从句的语序可用倒装语序, 也可用正
④Poor as he is, he is honest.
=Poor though he is/Though he is poor, he is honest. =Although he is poor, he is honest. 他尽管穷, 但很诚实。
7. As he was not so successful as some of the other young men of his time in the Civil Service Examination to become a government official, he began a life of travel and poetry. 由于他当时没有同其他年轻人一样在选拔政府官员的科举考试中取得 成功, 他开始了旅行和写诗的生活。
【思维激活?试一试】 not __ so soon gotten __ as lost. ①A friend is ___ 交友慢, 失友快。
(1)该句not so successful as运用了句型“as+形容词/副词原级+as”意为:
(2)as+形容词+a/an+单数名词+as. . . 和??一样的??
(3)as+many+可数名词复数+as. . . 和??一样多的?? (4)as+much+不可数名词+as. . . 和??一样多的?? (5)as many/much as可表示程度, 当副词用, 意为“多达; 和??一样 多”。
②He is as clever a boy as you.
③She has as many as seven watches.
④You can eat as much as you like. 你爱吃多少就吃多少。
8. If only people could see me inside.
要是人们能看到我的内心世界就好了。 【思维激活?试一试】仿写句子 If only I had a car I could get out of this place. ①________________, 要是我有辆车, 我就能离开这个地方了。
if only引导状语从句, 常用在虚拟语气中, 用以表达强烈的愿望或
②If only I were as clever as you!
要是我像你一样聪明该多好啊! ③If only I had arrived here last night! 要是昨天晚上我到了这里就好了!
【拓展延伸】 引导的条件状语从句是一个对“条件”限制更严的“ 条件状语从句”, 表示“只有??(才); 只有在??的 时候”的意思; 当其位于句首时, 主句用部分倒装 引导的条件句通常用来表示说话人对某事所寄予的某 种强烈愿望。它可以独立使用, 用来表示由于客观条 件限制, 为某事不大可能或完全不可能实现而感到惋 惜或遗憾的复杂心情, 常用虚拟语气
approve of, in spite of, get acquainted, make it, accuse. . . of, a series
of, correspond with, cater for
cater for 1. Reading more good books can ________our demands of promoting our qualities. correspond with 2. The report of the incident does not ______________those of eyewitnesses.
make it the village in an hour; you must 3. I’m afraid you can’t _______to
allow for the icy road.
approve of 4. Her father will never __________her marriage to Tom. In spite of 5. _________great efforts, we failed to carry our plans through. get better 6. I’ll leave you two alone for a while so that you can ___
accused his son __ of the ill-treatment to him. 7. The old man _______ a series of 8. The band arranged for _________concerts.
Ⅱ. 完成句子 If only she could come attend my birthday party. 1. ____________________to 要是她能来参加我的生日聚会就好了。 as/so many books as 2. Henry doesn’t have __________________I. 亨利的书不如我的多。
It is hoped that 3. _____________the terrible disease will soon be controlled.
if 4. Only ______everyone cares about our environment can our earth not be
polluted so much.
Many times as she had failed she didn’t give up her plan. 5. _________________________, 尽管她失败了很多次, 但她并没有放弃计划。 ever since he graduated from 6. Tom has kept up his studying English _________________________ college ______. 汤姆自从大学毕业以来, 一直坚持学习英语。
in spite of 7. He succeeded in the end _________the great difficulties.
8. These teenagers don’t know much of the world; that’s why they are taken in easily _______. 这些青少年涉世不深, 所以他们很容易被欺骗。
根据提示, 利用本部分所学知识, 完成下面的小作文。 1. 大家普遍认为几乎所有的中国人都赞成学习唐诗。(acknowledge, approve of) 2. 唐诗不仅很美, 而且还反映历史, 对我们有深刻的影响。(reflect, impact) 3. 我们读唐诗时, 要耐心地欣赏。(with patience)
4. 当遇到不能理解的句子时, 我们应该咨询老师。(consult) 5. 通过和他人分享诗歌, 我们可以结交一些朋友。(share, acquaintance)
It’s widely acknowledged that almost all the Chinese approve of
learning the Tang Poems, because they are not only beautiful but also
reflect history, which have a great impact on us. When we read them,
we must appreciate them with patience. When meeting with difficult sentences, we should consult our teachers. Besides, we can make the acquaintance of others by sharing poems.