面批：___________ 2015, 9, 30
班级：___________ 姓名：__________________ 学号:_______________
1. 在复合句中修饰名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句。 被修饰的名词或代词叫先行词。 2. 引导定语从句的关
系代词有：which, that, who, whom, whose 和 as。 其作用是：①引导定语从句②代替先行词③在定语从句中充当一定成分。 3. 引导定语从句的关系副词有：where, when, why。可替换成：介词+关系代词。 一、只用 that 不用 which 的情况 1，当先行词是 all, little, few, much, something, everything, anything, nothing, none 等 不定代词时。如： Everything that happened then was like a nightmare. I will tell him all that you told me at the ball. 2，当先行词被 only, any, few, little, no, all, just, very（恰好的,表示强调）等词修饰时。 The only thing that we could do was to wait. That’s the very thing that we can do. 3、 当先行词是序数词、 形容词最高级或先行词被序数词或形容词最高级修饰时。 如： The first place that we visited was the Great Wall. This is the best novel that I have ever read. 4、先行词中同时包括人和物时。例如： We talked about the people and the villages that we remembered. He asked about the factories and workers that he had visited. 二，修饰物时只用 which 不用 that 的情况 1，引导非限制性定语从句时。例如：Bamboo is hollow, which makes it light. 2，当关系词前有介词时。例如： This is the room in which Chairman Mao once lived. 【学以致用】 1. Mary was much kinder to Jack than she was to the others, _____ of course, made all the others upset. (11, 北京) A. who B. which C. what D. that 2. Julie was good at German, French and Russian, all of __ she spoke fluently. (11, 湖南) A. who B. whom C. which D. that 三、关系副词的用法： 1、 when 指时间， 在从句中作时间状语， 它的先行词通常有： time, day, morning, night, week, year 等。如： I still remember the time when I first became a college student. 2、 where 指地点， 在从句中作地点状语。 它的先行词通常有： place, spot, street, house, room, city, town, country 等，如： This is the hotel where they are staying. 3、why 指原因或理由，它的先行词只有 reason。 That is the reason why he is leaving so soon. 几种易混的情况： 1. I’ll never forget the days____________________ we worked together.
2.I’ll never forget the days ____________________ we spent together. 3.I went to the place _______________________I worked ten years ago. 4.I went to the place ________________________ I visited ten years ago. 5.This is the reason ____________________________ he was late. 6.This is the reason __________________________ he gave. ※ 如 果 定 语 从 句 分 别 修 饰 stage, point, situation, position, condition ， race, job, atmosphere 和 case 等表示抽象意义的词，常用 where 引导，意思是“到了某种地步， 在某种境况中”（前提是从句中缺少状语） 。 ---What do you think of teaching? ---I find it fun and challenging. It is a job ____you are doing something serious but interesting. (09 北京卷) A. where B. which C. when D. that 四、whose 引导定语从句时，其先行词可以指人，也可以指物，可以用“the+名词+of which/ whom”或者“of which/ whom + the +名词”代替“whose+名词”结构。例如： He studies in a school whose buildings (=______________________________/ __________________________) are built on top of a hill. 五、as 作关系代词引导的定语从句 1、They stayed for the night in the same room ________ they had once rented. We will only discuss such problems ______ have something to do with our own interests. 比较：(1)Here is so big a stone ________ no one can lift. （定语从句） It is so big a stone____________ no one can lift it.（结果状语从句） 2、 引导非限制性定语从句。 指主句的全部或部分内容。 常译为“正如……”“就像……” 等， 定语从句可以置于主句之前、 之中或之后。 as 后常接 expect, know, report, point out， say, see 等动词的主、被动语态。 As we all know, smoking is harmful to one's health. (as 作宾语) =______________________________, smoking is harmful to one's health. （as 作主语） 或:Smoking is harmful to one's health , as we all know .（as 作宾语） 或: Smoking, as we all know, is harmful to one' health. =It's known to all that smoking is harmful to one's health .（主语从句） 六、定语从句中介词的正确使用： 1. 根据先行词来确定 This is the pot ____________ which I boiled the milk. I’ll never forget the day _____________ which she said goodbye to me. 2. 根据从句中的谓语动词或形容词来确定 The documents ___________ which they were searching have been recovered. He referred me to some reference books _____________ which I am not very familiar. I wanted to find someone _______________ whom I could discuss books and music. 3. 根据从句所表达的意思来确定 Water, _____________ which man can’t live, is really important.
4. 当介词和从句中的动词构成固定词组时，介词不能前置 The babies whom the nurses are looking after are very healthy. 七、定语从句与其他结构的比较 与 强 调 句 型 的 区 别 。 判 断 强 调 句 型 的 关 键 在 于 把 强 调 结 构 “It is/was ??that??”去掉后，主句的意思和结构是完整的。
1．It was about 600 years ago the first clock with a face and an hour hand was made.
A. that B. until C. before D. when 2．This is the library _______________I borrowed the book. 3．It is from this library _______________I borrowed the book. 4．---Where did you last see Mr. Smith? ---It was in the hotel_____________ I lived. 2012 高考英语单项填空题 定语从句 1【2012 全国卷 II】That evening, ___ I will tell you more about later, I ended up working very late. A. that B. which C. what D. when 【2012 重庆】 2 Sales director is a position ______communication ability is just as important as sales skills. A. which B. that C. when D. where 3【2012 北京】When deeply absorbed in work, ______ he often was，he would forget all about eating or sleeping. A. that B. which C. where D. when 4【2012 福建】The air quality in the city, _____ is shown in the report, has improved over the past two months. A. that B. it C. as D. what 5【2012 陕西】It is the third time that she has won the race, ____ has surprised us all. A. that B. where C. which D. what 6【2012 山东】Maria has written two novels, both of ___ have been made into television series. A. them B. that C. which D. what 7【2012 湖南】Care of the soul is a gradual process ____ even the small details of life should be considered. A. what B. in what C. which D. in which 8【2012 天津】I wish to thank Professor Smith, without ____ help I would never have got this far. A. who B. whose C. whom D. which 【2012 江西】 9 By 16:30, __ was almost closing time, nearly all the paintings had been sold. A. which B. when C. what D. that 10【2012 四川】In our class there are 46 students, _____ half wear glasses. A. in whom B. in them C. of whom D. of them 11【2012 浙江】We live in an age ______ more information is available with greater ease than ever before.
A. why B. when C. to whom D. on which 12【2012 浙江】Ellen was a painter of birds and of nature, _____, for some reason, had withdrawn from all human society. A. which B. who C. where D. whom 13【2012 江苏】After the flooding, people were suffering in that area, ____ urgently needed clean water, medicine and shelter to survive. A. which B. who C. where D. what 把两个简单句变为一个含有定语从句的复合句。 1. After years of aboard, he returned to his hometown. He spent his childhood there. ______________________________________________________________________ 2. Her books were all over the dining table. It meant we had to eat in the kitchen. ________________________________________________________________________ 3. We went through a period. During that time communications were very difficult in the rural areas. ________________________________________________________________________ 4. The reason is not very convincing. He avoided being punished for the reason. ________________________________________________________________________ 5. Qingdao is a nice city. I visited it last month. ________________________________________________________________________ 单句改错 1. This is the longest train which I have ever seen. ________________________________________________________________________ 2. Which we all know, swimming is a very good sport. ________________________________________________________________________ 3. I shall never forget those years which I lived in the farm which you visited last week. _______________________________________________________________________ 4. He paid the boy $10 for washing ten windows, most of them hadn’t been cleaned fo r at least a year. ____________________________________________________________________ 5. They talked for about an hour of things and persons who they remembered in the school. ____________________________________________________________________ 6. I have bought the same dress which she is wearing. ____________________________________________________________________ 7. It was a meeting that importance I didn’t realize at that time. ____________________________________________________________________ 8. Did you see the man whom I nodded just now? ____________________________________________________________________