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【快乐考生】2015届高考英语一轮复习 语法专题训练 定语从句 新人教版



语法训练 10 分钟一 1.(2013·课标Ⅰ卷)“You can't judge a book by its cover,”________. A.as the saying goes old C.as the old saying goes B.goes as the old saying D.g

oes as old the saying

解析:考查定语从句。考查 as 引导的定语从句,意为:正如古语所说。 答案:C 2 . (2013· 北 京 卷 )Many countries are now setting up national

parks________animals a nd plants can be protected. A. when C. whose B. which D. where

解析:考查定语从句。句意:许多国家现在正在建立国家公园,动植物可以在这里得到 保护。 where animals and plants can be protected 是定语从句, 修饰先行词 national parks, 关系副词 where 在从句中作地点状语,用 where 引导。 答案:D 3 .(2013·天津卷 )We have launched another man - made satellite , ________is announced in today's newspaper. A.that C.who B.which D.what

解析:考查非限制性定语从句。句意:今天的报纸宣布我们发射了另外一颗人造卫星。 关系代词 which 在这里指代前面整句话的内容,在定语从句中作主语,故选 B。 答案:B 4.(2013·重庆卷)John invited about 40 people to his wedding, most of________are family members. A. them C. which B. that D. whom

解析:考查定语从句。句意:John 邀请了四十个人参加他的婚礼,其中大部分是家庭 成员。该定语从句的先行词指人,且“most of________”在从句中充当主语,空处位于介 词后,故用关系代词 whom 引导。 答案:D 5. (2013·山东卷)There is no simple answer, ________is often the case in science. A. as B. that

C. when

D. where

解析:考查定语从句。此处 as 引导定语从句指代整个主句内容,含有“正如”之意。 答案:A 6.(2012·全国Ⅱ卷)That evening,________ I will tell you more about later, I ended up working very late. A.that C.what B.which D.when

解析:本题考查定语从句。句意:稍后我会告诉你更多关于那晚的事,那晚我工作到很 晚。先行词为 that evening,将先行词代入定语从句后为:I will tell you more about that_evening later.由此可见先行词在定语从句中作 about 的宾语,且表示“物”,故用 which 引导。本题易误选 D 项,考生只看到先行词为表示时间的名词,但没有注意先行词在 定语从句中的功能。 答案:B 7.(2012·天津卷)I wish to thank Professor Smith,without ________ help I would never have got this far. A.who C.whom B.whose D.which

解析:考查定语从句关系代词的选用。句意:我想要感谢史密斯教授,没有他的帮助, 我绝不会有这个成就。根据句意及句子结构可知,空格处为定语从句的引导词,先行词为 Professor Smith,将先行词代入定语从句后为:Without Professor_Smith's help I would never have got this far.由此可见先行词在定语从句中作 help 的定语,故答案为 B 项。 答案:B 8.(2012·山东卷)Maria has written two novels,both of ________ have been made into television series. A.them C.which B.that D.what

解析:本题考查非限制性定语从句。句意:玛丽亚已经写了两部小说,两部小说都被改 编成了电视剧。根据句子结构可知,逗号不能连接两个完整的分句,首先排除 A;that 不能 引导非限制性定语从句,故排除 B;what 不是定语从句的引导词,故选 C。 答案:C 9.(2012·江西卷)By 16:30,________ was almost closing time,nearly all the paintings had been sold. A.which C.what B.when D.that

解析:本题考查非限制性定语从句。句意:到 16:30,接近关门的时候,几乎所有的 绘画作品都已经售出。先行词为 16:30;将先行词代入定语从句后为:16:30 was almost closing time.由此可见先行词在定语从句中作主语,且表示“事物”,故应使用关系代词 which 引导。关系副词 when 在定语从句中作状语;what 不引导定语从句;that 不引导非限 制性定语从句。 答案:A 10.(2012·陕西卷)It is the third time that she has won the race,________ has surprised us all. A.that C.which B.where D.what

解析:本题考查非限制性定语从句。句意:这是她第三次赢得比赛,这令我们所有人都 感到惊讶。逗号前面的整个句子为先行词,关系词在定语从句中充当主语,故选择 C 项。 答案:C 11 .(2013·济南市检测 )We still remember the day________we spent in the old house. A.what C.when B.on which D.which

解析:考查定语从句。句意:我们还记得那天,我们一起在老房子里度过 的那天。此 处 the day 为先行词,关系词 which 作 spend 的宾语,故选 D 项。 答案:D 12.(2013·皖南八校联考)Members of the Beijing Wheelchair Dance Training Base, ________was set up in 2009, are able to manage their wheelchairs perfectly. A.who C.what B.which D.that

解析:考查定语从句。先行词 the Beijing Wheelchair Dance Training Base 作定语 从句________was set up in 2009 的主语,且是非限制性定语从句,故用 which,而不用 that。 答案:B 13 . (2013· 山 西 诊 断 考 试 )Apirl Fool's Day is a traditional

festival________people play harmless jokes on others. A.which C.that B.where D.when

解析:考查定语从句。句意:愚人节是一个传统的节日,在这个节日里人们可以彼此间 开一些无伤大雅的玩笑。定语从句修饰前面的先行词 a traditional festival,关系词在

定语从句中作时间状语,所以选 D 项 when。which 和 that 在定语从句中作主语、宾语或表 语等,不能作状语;where 可作地点状语,不符合题意。 答案:D 14.(2013·无锡质量检测)The girl wearing a pair of dark glasses comes from a city in South China,________is evident from her accent. A.who C.where B.that D.as

解析:考查定语从句的引导词。句意:带着墨镜的女孩来自中国南方的一个城市,这可 以从她的口音中明显地听出来。as 引导非限制性定语从句,表示“这一点”。 答案:D 15.(2013·辽宁模拟)—Is this the school Jack often talks about? —Right,just the one________you know he studied for up to nine years. A.that C.what B.which D.where

解析:考查定语从句。句意:——这个就是 Jack 经常提及的学校吗?——是的,你知 道,这正是他读了近九年书的那个学校。此句是个定语从句,先行词 the one 在从句中充当 地点状语,you k now 是插入语。 答案:D 语法训练 10 分钟二 1.(2013·课标Ⅱ卷)When I arrived, Bryan took me to see the house________I would be staying. A. what C. where B. when D. which

解析:考查定语从句。定语从句中________I would be staying 先行词为 house,指地 点,在从句中做状语,故用关系副词 where。 答案:C 2.(2013·山东卷)Finally he reached a lonely island________was completely cut off from the outside world. A. when C. which B. where D. whom

解析:考查定语从句。句意为:最后他到达一个完全与世隔绝的孤岛。定语从句中缺少 主语,因此使用关系代词;先行词 island 指物,故使用关系代词 which. 答案:C 3.(2013·浙江卷)The children,________had played the whole day long,were worn

out. A.all of what C.all of them B.all of which D.all of whom

解析:考查定语从句。句中定语从句的先行词是 the children,此处关系词在定语从 句中作宾语,故应该用关系代词 whom。 答案:D 4.(2013·浙江卷)The museum will open in the spring with an exhibition and a viewing platform________visitors can watch the big glasshouses being built. A.what C.when B.where D.why

解析:考查定语从句。该句中的先行词是 a viewing platform,关系词在定语从句中 作地点状语,故用副词 where。 答案:B 5.(2013·江苏卷)The president of the World Bank says he has a passion for China, ________he remembers starting as early as his childhood. A.where C.what B.which D .when

解析:考查定语从句。分析句子结构可知,“________he remembers starting as early as his childhood”为定语从句, 先行词是 passion, 且空处在从句中作宾语, 因此选 which。 答案:B 6.(2012·安徽卷)A lot of language learning,________ has been discovered, is happening in the first year of life,so parents should talk much to their children during that period. A.as C.which B.it D.this

解析:考查非限制性定语从句中关系代词的选用。句意:正如人们所发现的那样,许多 语言学习是在生命的第一年进行的, 所以在那个时期父母应该多跟孩子说话。 根据句子结构 可知,空格处为非限制性定语从句的引导词,先行词为一个句子 (即: A lot of language learning is happening...),先行词在定语从句中作主语。当定语从句为被动语态时,常 用 as 作主语来引导定语从句;如果从句中行为动词是主动语态,一般用 which 作主语。故 答案为 A 项,as 意为:正如。 答案:A 7.(2012·北京卷)When deeply absorbed in work,________ he often was,he would forget all about eating or sleeping.

A.that C.where

B.which D.when

解析:本题考 查非限制性定语从句。句意:他常常聚精会神地工作,这时他会废寝忘 食。先行词为逗号前面的 deeply absorbed in work,关系词在定语从句中充当表语成分, 故选择 B 项。 答案:B 8.(2012·福建卷)The air quality in the city,________ is shown in the report, has improved over the past two months. A.that C.as B.it D.what

解析:本题考查由 as 引导的非限制性定语从句。句意:正如报告中 所表明的,城市空 气质量在过去两个月里已经得到改善。分析题干可知,________ is shown in the report 是非限制性定语从句, 因为代词 that, it 和 what 不能引导非限制性定语从句, 所以排除 A、 B 和 D 项,正确答案为 C 项。 答案:C 9.(2012·湖南卷)Care of the soul is a gradual process ________ even the small details of life should be considered. A.what C.which B.in what D.in which

解析:考查“介词+which”引导的定语从句。句意:心灵的关爱是一个渐进的过程, 在这个过程中即使是细微的生活细节都应该被考虑在内。先行词为 a gradual process,将 先 行词 代入 定语 从句 后为 : Even the small details of life should be considered in_the_gradual_process.由此可见先行词在定语从句中作介词 in 的宾语,故答案为 D 项。 答案:D 10.(2012·浙江卷)We live in an age ________ more information is available with greater ease than ever before. A.why C.to whom B.when D.on which

解析:此题考查定语从句。句意:我们生活在一个更多的信息比以前任何时候都更容易 获得的时代。先行词是 age。因为关系词在定语从句中作时间状语,故用 when 引导。 答案:B 11.(2013·安徽联考)Jane paused in front of a counter________some attractive ties were on display. A.where B.when



解析:考查定语从句。句意:简在展示了很多好看的领带的那个柜台前停住了。根据句 意,主句中 a counter 在定语从句中作地点状语,故用关系副词 where。 答案:A 12.(2013·福建质量检测)Mr.Smith is a teacher with rich teaching experience, from________much can be learned. A.whom C.where B.which D.that

解析:考查定语从句。句意:Mr.Smith 是一个教学经验丰富的老师,从他那儿(我们) 有很多可学的。定语从句的先行词为人(史密斯先生),故关系词用 whom,作介词 from 的宾 语。 答案:A 13.(2013·安徽联考)Is it fair that someone can download for free in seconds something________took a team of people months of hard work to create? A.what C./ B.which D.that

解析:考查定语从句。先行词为不定代词 something,因而用关系代词 that。 答案:D 14.(2013·泰州期末)The music video Gangnam Style,_ _______the singer rides on an invisible horse through the streets,has become popular all over the world. A.which C.what B.that D.in which

解析:考查定语从句。句意:音乐视频片《江南 Style》 ,里面有歌手骑着隐形的马穿 过街道的情景,已经在全世界流行起来了。句中先行词 The music video Gangnam Style 在定语从句作状语,故选 D 项,相当于 where。 答案:D 15.(2013·日照质量检测)When people talk about the most popular new Chinese Internet words in 2011,the first________comes into their mind is“holdup”. A.which C.one B.that D.of them

解析:考查限制性定语从句。句意:当人们谈论 2011 年中国网络上最流行的新词时, 第一个进入他们脑海的就是“holdup”。the first 相当于 the first word,是先行词,后 边的定语从句必须用 that 引导。 答案:B

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