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人教版高中英语必修四unit4Reading


Unit 4 Body language
Reading

Pre-reading
What do you think is the purpose of language? To communicate with each other. How can you communicate with someone if you cannot

speak? Give an example.

Definition of Body Language

One form of communication without using any words.

gesture

posture

eye contact

facial expression

What are the following facial expressions?

smile

cry

happy

surprise

angry

fear

What do people in different countries usually do when meeting?

China, Britain: handshake

Japan: bow

Some western countries: hug

Russia, France, Arab: kiss

Reading
COMMUNICATION: NO PROBLEM?

Fast Reading
The main idea of the whole text:
It tells us about the importance and necessity of body language and its differences between different cultures.

Divide the passage into several parts and find out the main idea.
Part 1: You are sent to CIA to meet this (Para 1) year’s international students. Part 2 Examples of learned or cultural (Para2-3) “body language”. Part 3: Different people has different (Para 4) body language. Part 4: Summary of body language. (Para 5)

Find out the two mistakes.
He approaches Ms Mr. Garcia touching her Smith by _______ ____ from The shoulder and ______ kissed (Columbia) _________ first her on the ________. cheek mistake Julia Smith She stepped _______ ______ back from surprised appearing _________ (Britain) and take a few steps away ______ from Mr. _______ Garcia.

a Japanese The second mistake George Cook from (Canada)

He ________ bowed to Mr. Cook and his nose touched Mr. _________ moving Cook’s _______ hand _______. He ________ reached his hand ______ ______ out _______ to the Japanese.

George Cook (Canada)

a Japanese
Julia Smith (Britain)

Mr. Garcia (Columbia)

Complete the chart.
Name Description man from Colombia woman from Britain Body Language kiss on the cheek To Whom

Tony Garcia
Julia Smith

everyone

no touching bowing

everyone

Akira man from Nagata Japan

everyone

Name
George Cook
Ahmed Aziz

Description Body Language
man from Canada man from Jordan shaking hands nodding

To Whom
everyone to women

shaking hands to men

Darlene woman Coulon from France

shake hands people she and kiss twice on knows each cheek

Ways to greet each other
Approach others closely and are more likely to touch them. Columbia Bow Japan Shake hands. Canada Shake hands and stand quite close to other men. Nod to women but do not shake hands with them. Jordan Countries: Japan , Jordan , Columbia, Canada

True or false?
1. Mr. Garcia kissed Miss Julia Smith because they have known each other well. F 2. George Cook reaches his hand out in order to shake hands with the Japanese. T 3. All cultures don’t greet each the same way. T

4. When a Japanese bows to you, he
is apologizing to you for what he has done. F 5. French people, like the English, will keep a certain distance from others. F

6. Men from all Muslin countries will
not shake hands with women. F

7. From the passage we can see

western cultures are better than
eastern cultures. F

8. It’s necessary to study body
language because it helps us to get better understanding among people from different cultures. T

Choose the best answer.
1. What did the writer go to the Capital International Airport for yesterday? B A. To see off his friend. B. To meet international students. C. To buy a flight ticket. D. To meet some visitors coming from several countries.

2. Where is Tony Garcia from? C A. Britain. B. Japan. C. Colombia. D. Canada. 3. From Paragraph 2 we know that A when they Japanese prefer to ____ are introduced to others. A. bow B. shake hands C. kiss each other D. touch others’ shoulders

4. According to the text, men from the Middle East often ____. D A. nod heads and wave hands to girls B. touch others’ heads when they first meet C. kiss each other twice on each cheek when they are introduced to others D. stand quite close to other men when they talk

Answer the questions.
1. Why are the international students coming to China?
They are coming to China to study at Beijing University.

2. Why is Julia Smith surprised? Julia Smith is surprised that Mr Garcia touches her shoulder and kisses on the cheek when they meet. 3. Why did the author move back from Ahmed Aziz? The author moved back because he comes too close to talk to the author.

4. What do French people often do when they meet people they know? They shake hands & kiss each other twice on each cheek. 5. Can we expect people everywhere to act the same? Why?

No. Because people from different culture or countries act quite differently sometimes.

6. Is the author of this passage male or female? How do you know?
The author is male. Ahmed Aziz will not shake hands with women, but he shakes with the author.

7. What were the two mistakes that the author noticed? He noticed that the Colombian man kissed the British woman, but in her culture, a kiss from a stranger is not acceptable. He also noticed that the Japanese man bowed just as the Canadian man started to shake hands, so one man’s nose touched the other man’s hand.

8. Who seemed to prefer to keep more physical distance from others? Who seemed to prefer closer physical distance? The British woman, Julia, and probably the Canadian man, George, seemed to prefer to keep more physical distance from others. The Colombian man, Tony, and the Jordanian man, Ahmed, seemed to prefer closer physical distance.

9. Did any students have similar greeting customs? If so, which ones? Yes. Tony from Colombia and Darlene from France had a similar greeting custom – a kiss. George from Canada and Ahmed from Jordan also had a similar greeting custom – a handshake, but Ahmed shakes hands only with men.

10. “ When in Rome, do as the Romans do.” What do you think this famous saying means?

This saying means that when we are in a certain place, we should follow the customs of the people who live in that place, not our own customs.

11. Why do you think we need to study

body language?
It is quite necessary for us to study body language if we don’t want to cause any misunderstanding in communication /so that we don’t misunderstand each other.

Work in groups of four. Read the following questions
and then choose one to discuss together.

1. If you meet a foreigner who comes
up close to you to talk, what countries might he be from? How can you show

him that you are uncomfortable with
that?

2. If a girl in shorts goes into a Muslim house and a man takes her outside pointing at her shoes and shorts, what should she do? Guess why he is so particular. 3. What are some situation where body language is the only form of communication? Why?

1.Yesterday, another student and I, representing our university’s student association, went to the Capital International Airport to meet this year’s international students. 昨天, 我和另一个学生代表我们学生会, 到首都国际机场迎接今年的国际学生。 1) represent 动词, “代表” 如:

To be chosen to represent their country is the highest honor for most athletes.

能被选拔出来代表国家参赛, 是多数运动员
的最高荣誉。

I know who you are and whom you represent.
我知道你是谁并代表谁。

【拓展】
representation n. 代表; 表现; 描写 representative adj.有代表性的; 典型的

用represent的适当形式完成下列句子。

①He was picked out from the whole class
to _________ represent them at the other school.

②This painting is a _____________ representation of a
storm at sea.

③Is a questionnaire answered by 500
people truly _____________ representative of national opinion?

2) association 名词, 表示“协会; 社团;
学会”, “联合; 交往”。如:

Do you belong to any professional
association? 你属于哪个专业学会? He is a member of the Association of University Teachers.

他是大学教师联合会的一名成员。

His English improved enormously because of his association with British people. 因为他和英国人有来往, 所以他 的英语突飞猛进。 【拓展】 associate v. 把……联系起来; 由……联想到 in association with 与……联合; 与……有关联

英译汉
①We are working in association with a number of local companies to raise money for the homeless. 我们与本地一些公司联合为无家可归 的人筹款。 ②There has always been a close association between these two schools. 这两所学校一向有密切联系。

③She associated happiness with having money. 她把幸福和有钱联想到一起。

④I don’t want to associate myself with them any more.
我不愿再和他们交往了。

2. I saw several young people enter the

waiting area looking around curiously.
我看见几个年轻人走进了等候区, 好奇地向

四处张望。
curious adj. 好奇的; 有求知欲的; 奇怪的 curiosity n. 好奇心 out of curiosity 出于好奇 be curious about sth 对某事感到好奇 be curious to do sth 很想做某事; 渴望做某事

As a little girl, she was curious about the origin of human beings. The tourists were surrounded by the curious children. 用curious的适当形式完成下列句子。 curious about what has happened. ① I am ________ ② A deer behind the tree looked at us __________. curiously curiosity to know ③ She has burning _________ what’s going on. ④ They were ________ curious to know where he had gone.

3. After I met them …introduced them to each other, … Tony approached Julia, touched her shoulder and kissed her on the cheek.
verb + sb. in/ on/ by + the 身体部位 1) approach n. 靠近; 临近; 接近 The enemy ran away at our approach.

在我们接近时, 敌人跑了。
We heard the approach of the train.

我们听见火车开过来了。

n. 方法; 步骤; 通路; 通道

The approach to the house was a narrow path.
通往这房子的路是一条狭窄的小径。

The best approach to learn a foreign language
is the study of the spoken language. 学习外语的最好的途径是学口语。 at the approach of winter 冬季将临的时候 be easy of approach 容易到达; 容易接近 on the approach of death 临死的时候

v. 走近; 靠近; 接近
You must approach the bird very quietly or it

will fly away.
你必须悄悄地走近那只鸟, 否则它会飞走的。

The summer is approaching. 夏季即将来临。
approach sb. about sth. 为某事同某人打交道 approach sb. for information 向某人了解情况 approach sb. with a suggestion 向某人建议

2) touch ① vt. 触摸, 接触, 触及, 轻触

I told you not to touch my things.
touch sb./ sth. (with sth.) 感动(某人)触动某人(某人的感情) Her miserable experience touched us all deeply / touched our hearts with sorrow. 她经历很不幸, 我们深受感动 / 我们都很伤心。

② n. 接触, 联系 get / keep in touch with sb. 与……取得/保持联系 be in/ out of ~ (with sb.) 与……有/无联系 We’ve been out of touch for years. 4. introduce sb. to sb. 把某人介绍给某人 introduce sth. into… 采用; 引进

Please allow me to introduce Mr Smith. Potatoes were first introduced into Europe from South America.

introduction n. a letter of ~ 介绍信 make a self-introduction 作自我介绍 make ~ to each other 互相介绍 Yao Ming is a person needs no ~.

5. apologize v. 道歉, 认错 apologize to sb. for sth. / doing sth. He apologized to her for not going to her party. 他因为没有出席她举行的宴会而 向她表示歉意。 apology n. make an apology to sb. for (doing) sth.

accept / refuse an apology

6. Not all cultures greet each other the same way, nor are they comfortable in the same way

with touching or distance between people.
各种文化背景下的人相互问候的方式不尽相同,

身体接触和相互间距的程度也不尽相同。

not … nor 既不……又不…… not all 连用形成部分否定

nor / neither 否定副词, 常置于句首, 此时句子要倒装, 即助动词/系动词/ 情态动词放在主语之前。 I don’t like her, nor/neither does Lily. I am not a nurse, nor/ neither is Lily. nor = and also not / neither 方式状语= while they are touching… or being…

7. In the same way that people communicate with spoken language, they also express their feelings using unspoken “language” through keeping physical distance, actions or posture.

1) that引导的是方式定语从句。 The way that/ in which/或不用关联词。
2) using引导的是状语, v-ing做状语。

3)express vt. (用语言, 神色, 动作等)表达, 表示(感情, 意见) express sth. (to sb.) The guests express their thanks before leaving. 你对我的帮助, 我感激不尽。 I can’t express to you how grateful I am for your help. express oneself (清楚地)表达自己的意思 他仍然不能用英语表达自己的意思。 He is still unable to express himself in English

express n. 快车(=express train) The 8 am express to Beijing. (邮局, 铁路, 公路等部门提供的) 速递, 速运 send goods by express 特快货运 expression n. 表达, 表情 a happy expression 愉快的神情

4) spoken English written English English-speaking countries ①I don’t do well in ____ C English. A. speaks B. to speak C. spoken D. speak ②We must practise ____ D English every day. A. to speak B. speak C. in speaking D. speaking

8. likely adj. 1) 很可能的[+to-v][+that] John is likely to be in London this autumn. 今年秋天约翰可能在伦敦。 It is likely to rain. (句子中的it是天气, 并不是形式主语) 2) 适当的, 正合要求的 (+for) The park is a likely place for the picnic. 这公园倒是个适合野餐的地方。 adv. 很可能 We will most likely be late. 我们很有可能会迟到。

辨析: possible, likely, probable
1) possible 作形容词意为“有可能的”, 在三个 词中语气最弱, 强调客观上有可能性, 但常常 有“实际希望很小”的暗示, 在句中作表语和 定语, 通常情况下不能用人作主语, 而以事物 作主语。一般用it作形式主语, 构成 It’s possible that ... 或 It is possible (for sb) to do ...句型。

2) likely 既可作形容词又可作副词用, 意为

“很可能发生的”, 语气较possible强,
较probable弱。它侧重于从表面看来某事

很有可能发生, 与probable意思接近, 有时
二者可以通用, 含义区别也不大。

它的主语可以指人, 也可以指一件事,
其后可以接不定式, 也可用于

It is likely that ... 结构中。

3) probable 作形容词意为“可能发生的”、
“有可能成为现实的”, 表示事情十有八九

要发生, 在三个词中语气最强。常用作表语
或定语, 也不能用指人的词作主语, 而以

表示事物的词作主语。通常也用it作形式主语,
其后接that从句, 构成“It is probable that ...”

句型。

单项填空。 ①New drivers are far more ____ B to have accidents than experienced drivers. A. possible B. likely C. probable D. possibly ②Don’t worry. He is ____ A to get in touch with you. A. likely B. capable C. possible D. probable

9. general 1) adj. 普遍的, 全面的 A matter of ~ concern/ interest 普遍(公众)关心/感兴趣的事情 Air-conditioner is in general use now. 2) 总的, 整体的 general idea of the passage In general 大体上, 通常, 总的来讲 In general, he is a good guy.

generally speaking/frankly speaking
honestly speaking 10. avoid vt. 避开, 避免 avoid (sth / doing) I think she is avoiding me. I avoid meeting him. avoidable adj. It is unavoidable to make mistakes in our life.

Complete the following sentences with the words and expressions from the reading.
1. It is a _______ major problem parking your car in Beijing. 2. Is that Wang Li’s friend from Wuxi? I’d like introduce her to me. him to _________

3. As my English vocabulary is very limited,

very often I express my meaning with the body language help of ________________.
actions speak 4. There is a saying that _______ louder than words. 5. Blind people have to understand people’s feelings through _______ spoken language.

6. Although blind people are not __________ likely to

understand your body language, they can
express their still use body language to _________

own ideas.
approach blind people, they 7. When you ___________ cannot tell if they know you until you begin to speak.

8. I am always _______ curious about how he _______ avoids bumping into others or falling sown while walking on the street. 9. The ________ general opinion is that the ______ local government should take action to help the blind people 10. In ________, general it is better not to kiss somebody you don’t know as you may surprise them. represent her 11. My leader wants me to ___________ at the meeting.

Homework
1. Copy down the new words. 2. Finish the exercises on pages 28 and 29. Pay attention to the useful words, expressions and structures.


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