Women of achievement 课时作业(四)
一、单项选择 1. He devoted every spare moment _________ his research work. A. to doing B. to do C. doing D. at doing 2. This dictionary is _________ for the studen
ts in senior high. A. tended B. intended C. contended D. contented 3. Only after her mother came to help her for the first few months _________her project. A. she was allowed to begin B. she was allowed beginning C. was she allowed to begin D. was she allowed beginning 4. The lawyer_______ his client (诉讼委托人) in the court (fell). A. argued for B. argued with C. argued against D. argued at 5. It was last night _________ I saw John at the airport. A. when B. where C. that D. which 6. Milk _________to our door every morning. A. delivers B. gives C. is delivered D. given 7. John's father chose ______rather than______. A. to fly; to drive B. flying; driving C. to fly; driving D. to fly; drive 8. Jane Goodall _________ the rest of the world understand and respect the life of these animals. A. has been helped B. had been helping C. had been helped D. has been helping 9. I won't wait if it means _________ more than a month or so. A. to delay B. delaying C. delay D. to delaying 10. It's not right to_________ the poorer people of the world. A. look down at B. look down upon C. look up at D. look down in 11. Jane spent three hours _________ her homework last night. A. finish B. to finish C. finishing D. at finishing 12. The population of the earth_________ increasing fast. One third of the population here _________ workers. A. is; are B. is; has been C. are; is D. is; was 13. E-mail, as well as telephones, _________ an important part in daily communication. A. is playing B. have played
C. are playing D. play 14. Either you or he_________ interested in playing chess ten years ago. _________ you or he fond of music at present? A. are; Are B. was; Are C. are; Is D. is; Is 15. Premier Zhou Enlai _________ by millions of people all over the world is really_________. A. respectful; respectable B. respectable; respectable C. respected; respectable D. respected; respectful 二、完形填空 Many people go to school for an education. They learn languages, history, geography, physics, chemistry and mathematics. 16 go to school to learn a 17 so that they can make a 18 . School education is very important and 19 , yet no one can learn everything from 20 . A teacher, no matter 21 he knows, cannot teach his students 22 they want to know. The teacher' s job is 23 his students how to learn. He teaches them how to read and how to think. So, much more is 24 outside school by the students themselves. It is always 25 important to know how to study by oneself than to memorize some facts or a formula (公式). 26 is quite easy to learn a certain fact in history or a formula in 27 . But it is very difficult to use a formula 28 a maths problem. Great scientists, such as Einstein, Newton and Galileo 29 everything from school. But they 30 successful. They invented 31 things for mankind. The reason for their success is 32 they knew how to study. They read books that 33 at school. They worked hard all their 34 , wasting not a single moment. They would ask many questions as they read and they did thousands of experiments. 35 , they knew how to use their brains. 16. A. The other B. Another C. Others D. Other 17. A. skill B. method C. way D. technical 18. A. house B. money C. friends D. living 19. A. useful B. useless C. no use D. usual 20. A. university B. college C. school D. classes 21. A. how B. how much C. what D. how many 22. A. all things B. whole thing C. anything D. everything 23. A. show B. shown C. showed D. to show 24. A. to be learned B. to learn C. learned D.
learning 25. A. most the more 26. A. This What 27. A. Chinese mathematics 28. A. to work out in making out 29. A. did get have got 30. A. all were so were so all 31. A. such more so many 32. A. what whether 33. A. were not taught are always teaching 34. A. live lives 35. A. Above all All at once 三、阅读理解
B. more B. That B. English B. in working out B. didn't get B. all so were B. such many B. that B. were always taught B. life B. After all
C. the most C. It C. politics C. to make out C. had got C. were all so C. so much C. which C. are never teaching C. lifes C. First of all D.
D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D.
A The first robots were invented in the 1920s. Robots have appeared in Hollywood such as Robocop and the Terminator. The robots in these films are stronger, faster and more intelligent than people. In real life, robots are mainly used in factories. They do many different jobs. Usually these jobs are too dangerous, difficult or boring for humans. Robots also help disabled people and people who cannot look after themselves. For example, scientists are making a robot to help blind people. Nowadays many blind people have a dog to help them. This dog is called a guide dog. In the future, guide dogs might be robot dogs. One robot guide dog is called Meldog. It has wheels. It walks in front of its owner. It is very clever. It knows the speed of its owner's walk. Meldog talks to its owner by radio. The owner wears a special belt. This belt sends instructions from the owner to Meldog such as "Stop here", "Turn left", and "Turn right". In the United States, another type of robot helps disabled workers. This robot, called Kilroy, helps disabled computer operators. The robot hears the sound of its owner's voice. It follows instructions such as, "Turn the page" and "Make a cup of coffee". This robot will bring its owner a paper tissue when he or she sneezes! Robots are also used in American hospitals. They can do simple jobs. For example, they shave patients and brush their teeth. At one hospital, a robot with the nickname Roscoe takes meals from the kitchen to patients' rooms. Roscoe never gets lost because this robot has a map
of the hospital in its computer memory. Robots will never replace humans. They can, however, help people in many different ways. 36. Some robots in real life are_________. A. dangerous B. boring C. film stars D. factory workers 37. Some disabled people need help to_________. A. make robots B. become scientists C. look after themselves D. do dangerous jobs 38. Meldog is a_________. A. blind dog B. robot scientist C. real dog D. robot guide dog 39. Kilroy helps disabled computer operators. This robot can_________. A. speak to its owner B. give instructions C. read books D. make cups of coffee B Bill, Sorry, I couldn't attend the 10 o'clock meeting. My dental appointment lasted a lot longer than I expected. May I have some information about the meeting tomorrow at 2? Gary 40. The major purpose ( 目的) of the note is to___________ A. inform B. apologize C. express good will D. salute March 31,2005 To Margaret, I'd like to have you return any of the materials you are not using. I need to be using some of these now. If you need some of the things stall, please let us talk about which ones. Thank you. Harvey 41. Harvey would like to_________. A. borrow some materials B. lend Margaret something C. get something back D. have a talk with Margaret Wed. 11 March Football Hensley against Mayfair The annual football match between Hensley School and Mayfair School will be held on Saturday. However,if there is heavy rain the match will be held on Sunday IS at the same time. 42. It all depends on_________ whether the football match will be put off. A. Hensley School B. Mayfair School
C. both of the two schools D. the weather NOTICE As you may know, the College of Education runs some summer courses for foreigners( aged 14 -18) in July and August every year. But the college doesn't have enough rooms for all the students to live in and we usually try to place some of them with families who live close to the college. If you feel you have the right housing conditions and would like to take in a paving guest for part of the summer, could you please get in touch with Mrs Champman at the College of Education? 43. Of the following people, who do you think will most probably come to Mrs Champman after reading this note? A. Juana, a gid student who comes from Spain to attend the summer courses. B. Mr Smith, an old man who lives in a one-room flat. C. Mrs Jones,a lady who has a spare room in her house. D. Mr Brown, a young man who lives in a house as a tenant. C Reading to dogs is an unusual way to help children improve their literacy skills(读写能力). With their shining brown eyes, wagging tails, and unconditional love, dogs can provide the nonjudgemental listeners needed for a beginning reader to gain confidence (自信心) , according to Intermountain Therapy Animals (ITA) in Salt Lake City. The group says it is the first program in the country to use dogs to help develop literacy in children, with the introduction of Reading Education Assistance Dogs (READ) . The Salt Lake City Public Library is sold on the idea. Literacy specialists admit that children who read below the level of their fellow pupils are often afraid of reading aloud in a group, often have lower self-respect, and regard reading as a headache, "said lisa Myron, manager of the children' s department. Last November the two groups started "Dog Day Afternoon" in the children' s department of the main library. About 25 children attended each of the four Saturday-afternoon classes, reading for half an hour. Those who attended three of the four classes received a "pawgraphed" book at the last class. The program was so successful that the library plans to repeat it in April, according to Dana Thumpowsky, public relations manager. 44. What is mainly discussed in the text? A. Children's reading difficulties. B. Advantages of raising dogs. C. Service in a public library. D. A special reading program. 45. Specialists use dogs to listen to children reading because they think_________. A. dogs are young children's best friends B. children can play with dogs while reading C. dogs can provide encouragement for shy children D. children and dogs understand each other 46. By saying "The Salt Lake City Public Library is sold on the idea' , the writer means the library A. uses dogs to attract children B. accepts the idea put forward by LTA
C. has opened a children's department D. has decided to train some dogs 47. A " pawgraphed " book is most probably A. a book used in Saturday classes B. a book written by the children C. a prize for the children D. a gift from parents D So, you have to give a speech—and you' re terrified. You get nervous, you forget what you want to say, you stumble over words, you talk too long, and you bore your audience. Later you think, "Thank goodness, it s over. I m just not good at public speaking. I hope I never have to do that again. Cheer up! It doesn't have to be that bad. Here are some simple steps to take the pain out of speech making. First of all, it is important to plan. Do your homework. Find out everything you can about your subject. And, at the same time, find out as much as you can about your audience. Who are they? What do they know about your subject? Do they have a common interest? Why are they coming to hear you speak? Put yourself in their shoes as you prepare your speech. Ask yourself the purpose of your speech. What is the occasion? Why are you speaking? Are you introducing another speaker? Moderating a discussion? Giving a lecture? Convincing someone? There are many possible speaking roles, and each one has its own special characteristics. Make sure you know into which category you fit. Don't spoil your speech by confusing one speaking role with another. Let us suppose that you have been asked to introduce the main speaker at a conference. First, find out the most important and interesting things about the speaker. Then, summarize this information in a few remarks. It is all right to tell a joke or an anecdote if it is in good taste and will not embarrass the speaker. And, most important, be brief. Remember, you are not the main speaker; you are introducing the main speaker. If you are a moderator, you should begin by giving a quick introduction of the people on the panel. After that, you should try to keep the discussion running smoothly, and you should try to focus on the connections between speakers. Keep yourself in the background. Don't talk too much, and don't interrupt the panelists. Be tactful and be considerate. If you are giving a lecture or explaining an idea, gather as many facts as you can on your subject. Spend plenty of time doing your research. Then spend plenty of time organizing your material so that your speech is clear and easy to follow. Use as many examples as possible, and use pictures, charts, and graphs if they will help you make your points more clearly. Never forget your audience. Don't talk over their heads, and don't talk down to them. Treat your audience with respect. They will appreciate your thoughtful-ness. If you are trying to sell something, you will need to convince your audience. Do you want them to vote for Candidate A? Are you offering them a new, improved toothbrush? This kind of speech is usually dramatic, but here too, you must do your research and know your facts. When you are making your speech, try to relax. Speak slowly and clearly and look at people in your audience. Use simple vocabulary and expressions whenever possible. Pause for a few seconds now and then to give your audience a chance to think about what you have said. Make sure that everyone in the room can hear you. If it is a large room or an auditorium, you will
probably have to use a microphone. Just remember: be prepared. Know your subject, your audience, and the occasion. Be brief. Say what you have to say and then stop. And be yourself. Let your personality come through so that you make person-to-person contact with your audience. If you follow these simple steps, you' 11 see that you don't have to be afraid of public speaking. hi fact, you may find the experience so enjoyable that you volunteer to make more speeches! You're not convinced yet? Give it a try and see what happens. 48. The main idea of this passage is_________. A. you can improve your speaking ability B. a poor speaker can never change C. always make a short speech D. the purpose of speech 49. Paragraph 1 implies, but does not directly say, that________ A. many people are afraid of giving a speech B. many people are happy to give a speech C. many people talk too long D. many people are eager to give a speech 50. In Paragraph 6, "talk down to them" means A. speak too simply B. look at the floor C. speak in a quiet voice D. refuse them 51. According to the passage, if you are a moderator, you should_________. A. talk about yourself B. act as a "bridge" between speakers C. give a very long speech D. pay attention to the audience 52. According to the passage, which statement is true? A. A successful speaker is always dramatic. B. The passage states how to make a good speech. C. Explain how hard it is to make a speech. D. Most of people are good at making a public speech. E The journey two naval (海军的) officers made some time ago to the very deepest point on the earth makes us realize how much of the world still remains to be explored. The two men went down seven miles to the bottom of the Pacific Ocean inside a small steel ball called a "bathyscaphe" to find out if there are any ocean currents (急流) or signs of life. It was necessary to set out early, so that the bathyscaphe would come to the surface in daylight ( 白昼) , and so be easily found by the mother ship which would be waiting for it. The divers began preparations at dawn and soon afterwards, when all was ready, the steel ball disappeared under the surface of the water. In time, the temperature dropped to freezing-point and the men trembled (颤抖) inside the ball. They kept in touch with the mother ship by telephone describing how they felt. Then, at a depth of 3,000 feet, the telephone stopped working and they were quite cut off from the outside
world. At 30,000 feet, the men were surprised by a sudden, loud noise: even the smallest hole in the ball would have meant instant death. Lucidly, though, it was only one of the outer windows that had broken. Soon afterwards, the bathyscaphe touched the soft ocean floor raising a big cloud of "dust" made up of different kinds of small, dead sea animals. Here, powerful lights lit up the dark water and the men were surprised to see fish swimming just above them quite untroubled by the very large water pressure. But they did not dare to leave the lights on for long, as the heat from them made the water boil. Quite unexpectedly, the telephone began working again and the weak but clear voices of the officers were heard on the mother ship. After a stay of thirty minutes the men began their journey up, arriving three hours later, cold and wet through, but none the worse for their experience. 53. What did the officers find out at the bottom of the sea? A. They only found different dead sea animals. B. They did find signs of life. C. There was no signs of any life. D. There was only dust. 54. The journey to the bottom of the sea helped us to realize that_________. A. much of the world hasn't yet been explored B. there are not any signs of life at the bottom of the sea C. strong water pressure has great effect on fish D. powerful lights cannot turned on at the ocean floor without killing fish 55. Which of the following is closest in meaning to". . . cold and wet through, but none the worse for their experience"? A. They were cold and wet through, which was the worst thing of all. B. They were even worse than cold and wet through at the bottom of the sea. C. Considering what they had just experienced, being cold and wet through was not too bad. D. For such an experience, being cold and wet through was not bad for them at all. 四、短文改错 It was Mother s Day. Susan's father asks Susan and 56. _________ her brother to think of something specially they could 57. _________ do. Susan suggested that they surprised their mother with 58. _________ their first barbecue (烧烤) of the year. Both Susan and her 59. _________ brother agreed. Then they began to make preparation. 60. ________ The first thing they did getting the meat they could find. 61. _________ It was getting dark when we were about to start the fire. 62. _________ Unfortunately, they couldn't find out any briquette (煤球) 63. _________ at home, even one left from last year. At the end they 64.
_________ had to ask for some from neighbours live nearby. _________
五、书面表达 66．根据下面的提示，写一篇 100 个词左右的文章，介绍沃尔特·迪斯尼。 沃尔特· 迪斯尼曾是一位著名的艺术家。 在成为艺术家的道路上， 他并不是一个幸运儿， 他碰到过许多困 难。但他从没有灰心过，一直坚持作画。一天，他在车库里偶遇一只老鼠，他与老鼠成了好 朋友。几年后，根据他所熟悉的那只老鼠，迪斯尼成功地制作了名为“米老鼠”的动画片。 这使他最终成了动画片制片人。