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高考英语一轮复习写作专题讲座课件:第七讲 高级词汇和较复杂结构的写作与训练


一、使用高级词汇

词汇量能反映一个人知识贮存量的多少,也是衡量
英语水平的一个重要标准。考生要想取得高分,就要强 化使用复杂、高级的词汇。常用方法如下:

1.多实少虚
写作中多用specific words,少使用general words,多用 蕴含感情色彩的词语,少用中性词。如good指人时可用 以下形容

词替换:kind, honest, generous, selfless, brave, warmhearted, sympathetic, honorable, humorous, smart,

gentle等;good指事物或事情时可用以下形容词替换:
great, fantastic, splendid, marvelous, excellent, wonderful, meaningful, enjoyable, nice等。以下句子中的形容词虽然 都可以用good代替,但远不如原句出彩。

I hope everyone can have a wonderful time. hearted teacher. He is a warmThis is really a nice idea to go climbing Mount Hua this

weekend.

2.短语优先 多使用词组、习语来代替一些单词,以增加文采。 I can no longer bear the way he speaks to us. →I can no longer put up with the way he speaks to us. He didn't listen to what I said in the class.

→He turned a deaf ear to what I said in the class.

3.弃旧取新

写作中要恰当得体地使用高中学过的、较长的词汇。
We all have the same chance. →We all possess the same chance (opportunity). We have a lot of homework to do at the weekend. →We have endless homework to do at the weekend.

4.避免重复 尽量避免过多地使用某一个单词,必要时选择使用其他

恰当的同义词或词组来代替。
I like reading while my brother likes watching football matches. →I like reading while my brother enjoys watching football matches.

We've built a new experiment building beside the old one
and we've also built a library where the old playground used to be. →We've built a new experiment building beside the old one and we've also set up a library where the old playground

used to be.

二、使用较复杂结构 1.在一篇文章中要适当地改变语法结构来增加文章表达 方式的多样性。 (1)改变时态和语态 The bell is ringing now. →There goes the bell!

(2)使用名词性从句 It disappointed everybody that the player was badly injured in the first round. →The fact that the player was badly injured in the first

round disappointed everybody.
(3)使用较高级的状语从句 I won't believe what you say. →No matter what you say, I won't believe.

(4)使用定语从句 The girl is spoken highly of.Her composition was well written. →The girl whose composition was well written is spoken

highly of.
(5)使用虚拟语气 You didn't take my advice, so you failed in the exam. →If you had taken my advice, you wouldn't have failed in the exam.

(6)使用倒装句

Some valuable books and my credit cards are in it.
→In it are some valuable books and my credit cards. (7)使用强调句型 He did not know what had happened until he had read the news in the newspaper. →It was not until he had read the news in the newspaper that he knew what had happened.

2.改变句子开头的方式。不要一味地采用“主语—谓 语—宾语”的文法语序。可以适当地把一些成分

(如状语)提前,放在句子的开头,这样使整个句子
读起来跌宕起伏,增加书面表达的表现力。

We met at the school gate and went to the Hongxing

Farm together early in the morning.
→Early in the morning we met at the school gate and went to the Hongxing Farm together. The young man couldn't help crying when he heard the bad news. →Hearing the bad news, the young man couldn't help crying.

3.通过整合的方式,把几个松散的句子用一定的连接 方式连接起来,也可以对所学的英语句式加以简化,使 写出来的句子更加准确、得体、简洁、灵活。 We had a short rest. Then we began to play happily. We

sang and danced. Some told stories. Some played chess.
→After a short rest, we had great fun singing and dancing, telling jokes and playing chess.


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