任务型阅读解题技巧 考点解读 1.任务型阅读：考查学生的读写能力。一般从主旨、细节、判断、推理、概括、总结、顺 序关系、意图、态度、预测、运用、计算、释义等角度获取信息，并经过处理按要求用英 语准确表达文章内容。 《考试说明》中有树状图和表格图两种题型。 2.任务型阅读的解题技巧及方法： 1．读文章前先看后面的题目及要求，这样做题有针对性； 2．阅读时注意文章主旨的归纳和细节信息
的收集； 3．核对题目，正确表达。 一般采用“三读法”来做题，即通读、细读（边读边做） 、复读（检查所填内容是否正确） 。 注意：书写工整，语言规范，注意同一级栏目下词形的一致性，并注意字母的大小写。 一、主动语态与被动语态相互转换 1. A big earthquake caused the great damage to Yaan, Chian. The great damage was ________ to Yaan, Chian in a big earthquake. 2. Yuan Longping, a world-famous scientist, is devoted to the research in rice, making great contributions to the world starvation. Yuan Longping ______ himself to the research in rice, making great contributions to the world starvation. 3. We Chinese should make great efforts to realize our dream for China. Great efforts ought to be _______ to realize our dream for China. 二、词性相互转换 动词←名词←形容词→副词 1. Playing too many computer games does harm to you. Playing too many computer games is to you. 2. We should speak to the old man in a polite way. We should speak to the old man . 3. They are lucky to have escaped from the burning building with the help of the firemen. ________, they escaped from the burning building with the help of the firemen. 4. Fruits and vegetables are important for people’s mental and physical health. Fruits and vegetables are of ________ to people’s mental and physical health. 三、前后缀转换 not: iminundismis- ab- ir- il- anti- -less nonagain: rebetween/ among: interafter: posten+adj / adj + en vt enrich weaken together: co自动的：auto最大的： maxi最小的： mini许多：multi一半： semi- bi1. If it is not ___________(convenient) to you, I shall call on you in the morning. 2. The big company split into two ___________(dependent) companies. 3． Change the direct speech into _________(direct) speech. 4. Some families go without medical treatment because of their (ability) to pay. 5. It’s (usual) for the trees to flower so early.
6. An person is not famous or publicly recognized. ( known) 7. He was (fortune) to lose in the final round. 8．Many African children look poor and (healthy) 9．The traffic is so busy that it’s (possible) for me to be there on time. 10. Don’t be so __________! The bus will be here soon. (patient) 11. As we all know, it’s _________ to steal. (moral) 12. The reason why some officials get corrupt is that they ______ (use) their power given by the people. 13. some officials are arrested by the policemen as they are said to have held a flood of money ______ (legal). 14. The old man is recovering soon after an operation in that he has been working out _________ ( irregular). 15. Because of his serious mistakes, Tom was scolded by the classteacher and his classmates were _____ ( help). 16. the old historic temple which is being ______ ( build) will soon open to the public. 17. As a member of a company, we are supposed to have the spirit of teamwork, which means we ______ ( operate) for a project. 18. As the college entrance examination is getting tougher and tougher, we students have got to ______ (large) vocabulary. 四、议论文常用的总结性词语： title / name / topic suggestion(s) / advice/ recommendation / tip(s) opinion / view / viewpoint / attitude/comment type / kind / category result / effect / influence/consequence/problem conclusion / summary/outline reason / cause/ invitation ideas/ opinions/ views about----- attitudes towards/to ----- comments on reasons for / causes of / invitations to ● Waste valuable time _______towards Internet surfing the ● Withdraw from friends and people around him. ● Search for what they want
五、说明文常用的总结性词语： aim / purpose / intention / goal step / procedure / process problem / ways to do / solution / means / measure / method / approach to doing advantage / disadvantage, weakness / strength difference / similarity function / features / characteristics ● To make new friends _______ ● To strength bodies ● To relax 六、注意同一级栏目下词形的一致性，并注意字母的大小写。 ● Wasting valuable time _______towards Internet surfing the ● ________(Withdraw) from friends and people around him. ● Searching for what they want
七、同义词转换 1. Having considered everything, they will be given a second chance. Having taken everything into _______ , they will be given a second chance. 2. This newly made car is not expensive. Besides, it is of high quality. This newly made car is not expensive. ________ , it is of high quality. 3. Twenty hundred journalists in all attended the press conference. Twenty hundred journalists ________ attended the press conference. 5. We Chinese will trust the Party which has been leading us to live a happier and more harmonious life. 6. We Chinese will have ______ in the Party which has been leading us to live a happier and more harmonious life. 7. Whatever happens, teenagers have to keep calm, determined and brave to fight against challenges in front of them. ___________, teenagers have to keep calm, determined and brave to fight against challenges in front of them. 8. Tom was delighted to have been admitted to a key university. To his ______, Tom was delighted to have been admitted to a key university. 附同义词转换 1．by accident / chance= _______________ (accidentally) 2．without accident = ___________ (safely) 3．take sth into account/consideration = _____________ (consider) 4．in addition/what’s more / apart from =_______/________/_______ (besides/moreover/furthermore) 5．in all / in total = ___________ (altogether / totally) 6．approve of /be in favor of/agree to= ___________ (favor) 7．attend on/upon /wait on / upon= ________ (serve) 8．have faith/trust in; consider…to be true= __________ (trust) 9．out of breath = ________________ (breathlessly) 10．but for = ___________ (without) 11．in any case / at any rate / at any price / at any cost / whatever happens= _____________ (anyhow) 12．now that = _________ (since) 13．cope with / deal with / do with / try to find a solution to = _______ (handle) 14．deal with= _______ (concern) 15．to one’s delight / regret / sorrow / shame / surprise / astonishment = _______ / _______ /_______ /________/________/__________ (delightfully / regretfully / sorrowfully / shamefully / surprisingly/ astonishingly) 16．do away with / get rid of = ______ (abolish/remove) 17．without doubt =____________ (undoubtedly) 18．(be)of no effect = __________ (useless) 19．come to an end / put…to an end =_______/________ (finish / end) 20．be equal to / amount to= _________ (equal) 21．fit in with / fall into agreement = ________ (suit) 22．guard against / keep safe = __________ (defend)
23．in a hurry / in a rush= ___________ (hurriedly) 24．make (leave) an impression on sb= _______________ (impress) 25．by oneself / without help / on one’s own = _________ (alone) 26．put up with=________/_________/__________ (bear / stand / endure) 29．before long = ________ (soon) 30．by all means / of course = ____________ (certainly) 31．bear(or keep)…in mind/bring…to mind =______ (remember) 32．at the moment=__________ (now) 33．for nothing / without payment = _________ (free) 34．nothing but = ________ (only) 35．all at once / all of a sudden = _________ (suddenly) 36．once in a while = ____________ (occasionally) 37．in particular = ____________ (particularly) 39．point out = ___________ (indicate) 42．on purpose = ___________ (deliberately) 43．out of the question = _________ (impossible) 44．with / in reference / regard to = _______/_______ (about / concerning) 45．regardless of/without worrying about/in spite of =_______(despite) 46．run(take)risk of / do sth dangerous = _________ (risk) 47．for sure/certain = _________/__________ (certainly, definitely) 48．behind time = ___________ (late) 49．for the time being = ____________ (temporarily) 50．in no time / very quickly = _____________ (immediately) 51．on the whole / for the most part = ____________ (generally) 52．against one’s will = ______________ (unwillingly) 53．work out = ____________/_____________ (solve / exercise) 54．show respect for sb / look up to sb = _________ (respect) 55．make preparations for / get ready for = _________for (prepare) 56．like crazy / mad = _______________ (madly) 57．take in = __________/_________ (cheat / absorb) 58．take exercise = ____________ (exercise) 59．take on = ____________ (employ) 60．turn up / show up =____________ (appear) 61．as a matter of fact / in fact / in reality / in effect = _________ (actually) 62．look forward to = _____________ (expect) 63．no matter what = ______________ (whatever) 64．give a description of = _______________ (describe) 65．lead to / bring about / result in = ___________ (cause) 66．set off / set out = ___________ (start) 67．be different = _________ (differ) 68．in the end / at last = ___________/___________ (finally / eventually) 69．be aware of = _____________ (sense) 70．have sth in common = ___________ (share ) 71．give up = __________/ __________ (quit / stop)
72．bring sth under control = ___________ (control) 73．have a good mastery of = ___________ (master) 74．in one’s opinion = ___________ (personally) 75．commit suicide =_______ oneself (kill) 76．succeed in doing = __________ to do (manage) 77．break in upon .= __________ (interrupt) 78．be anxious / eager/long to do = _________to do (desire) 79．be in response to sth = __________to (respond / react) 80．make up something new= __________ (invent) 81．two weeks = ____________ (fortnight) 82．a person with a physical disability = a ______person (disabled) 83．go through (great changes) = ____________ (experience) 84．do a lot for sth = __________to sth (contribute) 85．varieties of/different kinds of / a variety of = _______ (various) 86．take part in = _____________in (participate) 87．make a discovery= _________ (discover) 88．make an agreement to do sth=_________to do (agree) 89．make contributions to = ______________to (contribute) 90．all the year round = __________the year (throughout) 91．stand for = _____________ (represent) 92．make an apology to sb = ___________to sb (apologize ) 93．be willing to do sth = do sth ___________________ (willingly) 94．cause damage to = ________________ (damage) 95．give permission to = ______________ (permit) 96．give birth to = __________________ (bear) 97．ten years = _____________ (decade) 98．have an effect / influence / impact on /upon = ________/__________/__________ (affect / influence / impact) 99．come to one’s aid / help / assistance = _______/__________/________ (aid / help / assist) 100．that is (to say) / in other words = __________ (namely) 101. 必要，必需 : must /necessity 102. take advantage of = make use of 103. matter = count = be very important = be of importance = make sense = make a difference 104. despite = in spite of 105. explain sth. = make an explanation 106. .offer sth. to sb. = provide / supply sth. for sb. 107. compensate for = make up for 108.in part = partly 109.every year = yearly = annually 110..use up = run out of (主动) 111..run out = give out = be used up (被动) 112.be accused of = be charged with 114 .most of the people = the majority of the people 115..cater to /for one’s needs / demands /requirements = satisfy / meet one’s …. 116.starve to
death = die of hunger/ starvation 117.be tired out = be worn out = be exhausted 118.sth. benefits sb. = be beneficial to sb. = be of benefit to = sb. benefits from sth . 119.commit oneself to doing sth. = promise to do sth. 120. share less than 2% = account for less than 2%= make up 121. be responsible for = take / shoulder / bear responsibility for 122. 100 years = 1 century = 10 decades 123. be better than = be superior to 124.. approve of = subscribe to = be in favor / support of = favor sth. 125 .have access to = be acceptable / accessible / available to = have a(n) chance opportunity to do