-----How to write an argumentation（议论文）
暑假即将来临，你班同学讨论了假期计划，提出了不 同看法，请根据提示写一篇关于讨论的英语短文，并 谈谈你的看法。(2006年陕西卷）
花费少，舒适方便 缺点 不能亲身了解外界
The summer holiday is coming. Our class have had a discussion about what to do during the holiday.
the structure of the article
for the opinion
diamond against the opinion
1. summer have different views on sth / Our class have The holiday is coming. beginning had discussion what to do during the 2. a react to sth inabout different ways. holiday. 3. differ in their attitudes towards sth.
1. convenient and comfortable 1.( (待在家中 待在家中) )花费 some cost less / save money 少，舒适方便 lose the chance of getting to 不能亲身了解外界 know the outside world (外出旅游 2.( 外出旅游) )增长 知识，开阔眼界 others 2. increase one’s knowledge and widen one’s horizons/views 花费多，旅途不便 conclusion spend more money and go through some trouble on the way
The summer holiday is coming. Our class have had a discussion about what to do during the holiday. Students react to this problem in different ways.
Some are in favor of staying at home. They say it’s both convenient and comfortable. What’s more,they can set aside money for other purposes. But They will lose the chance of getting to know the outside world. However, others prefer to go out traveling as it can enrich their knowledge and broaden their views. But they will spend more money and go through some trouble while traveling.
In my opinion, it would be much better to stay at home. Actually I have more reasons for it. When staying at home,I get to do what I like,such as reading books,watching TV,and helping my parents with the housework. In a word, to stay at home is better than to travel.
the structure of the article
for the opinion
diamond against the opinion
我们举行了一场讨论，讨论内容是…… We had a discussion about whether it is necessary to start learning English from childhood
我们已经作了一个调查，调查内容是学生如何选择高考 志愿…… We’ve had a survey on how to choose their courses, majors and universities. ? 我写信是要告诉你我们的一场讨论，讨论内容是…… We have held a discussion about whether it is good or not for a top student to share a desk with a slower student.
Opinions are divided on this issue.
Opinions are mainly divided into two groups.
Different people, however, have different opinions on this matter.
Different people, however, think quite differently on this matter.
Sixty percent of the students are for the idea.
Sixty percent of the students think it necessary to…
Some people think that …According to them, all of us should...
Some believe that…
more, we can …as well as … it’s …, which …
However, … of the students think… On the other hand, …of the students think… However, others have different opinions. But …of the students think…
? ? ?
Others argue that …In their opinion,…
What’s worse… ? What’s more… ? In addition, … ? Besides, … ? Plus, … ? First,… Second, …Third, …
In short, no agreement has been reached yet. So far, no agreement has been reached.
In short, the students have not arrived at any agreement yet.
本人观点：As far as I am concerned, ……. (In my opinion, …….; It’s my opinion that……) For one reason,………. For another reason……… In a word,…….
（1） 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的 看法。 1． 有一些人认为… 2． 另一些人认为… 3． 我的看法… The topic of ①-----------------（主题）is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of opinions about it. Some people say A is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason of ②-----------------（支持A的理由一） What is more, ③-------------(理由二). Moreover, ④--------------(理由三).
While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,-----------------(支持 B的理由一). Secondly (besides),⑥-----------------（理由二）. Thirdly (finally),⑦------------------(理 由三). From my point of view, I think ⑧---------------（我的观点）. The reason is that ⑨-------------------(原因). As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former is surely a wise choice .
（2） 给出一个观点，要求考生反对这一观点 Some people believe that ①----------------（观点 一）. For example, they think ②----------------（举例说明）．And it will bring them ③--------------(为他们带来的好处). In my opinion, I never think this reason can be the point. For one thing,④-------------(我不同意该 看法的理由一). For another thing, ⑤---------(反 对的理由之二)． Form all what I have said, I agree to the thought that ⑥-----(我对文章所讨论主题的看法)．
(3) 不同观点列举型（ 选择型 ） There is a widespread concern over the issue t hat __作文题 目. But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that _ 观点一______. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place, ___原因 一_______.Furthermore, in the second place, ___原因二____. So it goes without saying that ___观点一_____.
People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people hold the idea that_观二_____. In their point of view, on the one hand， ___原因一 _______. On the other hand, ____原因二 _____. Therefore, there is no doubt that ___观点二______. As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that __观点一或二_. It is not only because ________, but also because _______. The more _______, the more ________.
要 如何算是一篇好文章？ 点 1.覆盖了所有的要点 全 2. 应用了较多的语法结构 和词汇 词汇,句型 ,
连 接 词
3. 有效地使用了语句间的 连接成分，使全文结构紧凑
1.(因为)_____ his help, I finished the work at last. Because of /with As a result of Thanks to
2.More roads will have to be built with more cars, __________（所以）we’ll have less field to grow rice.
as a result/consequence
3.The rent is reasonable, __________, the location is perfect. 房租很合理，另外，位置也很好。 moreover/furthermore
besides in addition
4. The young man didn’t enjoy his old job. _________(相反 ) he finds the new job very interesting.
However, On the contrary,
5. __________(总之), we should make good use of
In short/brief In a word/all in all
In general Generally speaking
6.______________(我认为) , students had better not buy a cellphone.we should spend time and money on other more important things.
In my opinion/it’s my opinion that
As far as I’m concerned
__________ had a discussion about whether__________. Opinions are divided on this issue. ________of the students think _________ should ________. _____. What’s more, _______.
On the other hand, ______ of the students think _______ shouldn’t ______. What’s worse, ______.
本人观点： As far ashave I am not concerned In short, _______ arrived ……. at any agreement yet. …….; It’s my opinion that……), /(In my opinion, For one reason,………. For another reason……… In a word,…….
We had a heated discussion about/on ...…. Students’ views/ideas/opinions on it vary/differ from person to person. Some students say / think / believe that… However, others hold the view that…… As far as I am concerned, I am in favor of the first/second view./ I would like to ….The reasons are as follows. First, …… Secondly,…… In conclusion / In a word ,……
? 模板3 ? There
is a widespread concern over the issue that （作文题目）But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. ? A majority of people think that _ 观 点一_. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place,原因一.Furthermore, in the second place, 原因二. So it goes without saying that观点一.
People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people hold the idea that观点二. In their point of view, for one thing，原因一. For another thing,原因二. Therefore, there is no doubt that观点二_. As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that观点一或二. It is not only because ____, but also because ____. ……
2002年高考题范文 最近，你校同学正在参加某英文报组织的一场讨论。 讨论的主题是：公园要不要收门票？请你根据下表提供 的信息，给报社写一封信，客观地介绍讨论情况。
60%的同学认为 1、不应收门票 2、公园是公众休闲的地方 3、如收票，需建大门、围墙， 会影响城市形象 40%的同学认为 1、应收门票，但票价不宜高 2、支付园林工人工资 3、购新花木
注意： 1、信的开头已为你写好。 2、词数：100左右。 3、参考词汇：门票：entrance fee Dear Editor, I’m writing to tell you about the discussion we’ve had about whether an entrance fee should be charged for parks.
Dear Editor, I'm writing to tell you about the discussion we've had about whether an entrance fee should be charged for parks(提出问题). 过渡句 观点一 Opinions are divided on the question. 60％of the students are against the idea of entrance fee. They believe a public park should be free of charge. People need a place where they can rest and enjoy themselves. 论据一 Changing entrance fees will no doubt keep some people away. What is more, it will become necessary to build gates and walls, which will do harm to the appearance of a city. 论据二
On the other hand, 40％ think that fees should be charged because you need money to pay gardeners and other workers, and to buy plants and young trees. They suggest, however, fees should be charged low. 论据二 Yours truly Li Hua 可以看出，这类文章的写作，首先要提出问题， 即双方讨论的问题。接下来提出观点一，并用一系 列论据进行阐明。说明完观点一之后，再提出观点 二，继续用论据进行说明。如果需要说明自己的观 点，可接下来说明自己的观点。
用英语写一篇关于学生网上交友的短文， 介绍人们的不同观点，并表达自己的看法。 参考词汇： 网络朋友on-line friend(s)， 上当受骗to be cheated 赞成的理由 反对的理由 你的看法
1．广交朋友 2．可自由表达 思想 3．利于外语学 习 1．浪费时间 2．影响学习 3．可能上当受 骗