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倒装句导学案


英语倒装句导学案 一.定义 在英语中,主语和谓语的语序通常是_________在前,_______在后。 We can succeed in this way.→Only in this way can we succeed. 为了强调某一部分, 或适应一定的语法结构的需要,而把谓语的全部或一部分提 到主语的前面,这叫“倒装”(Inversion)。 二.分类 1.Only in this way can we learn English well.. 2.Here comes the bus. 部分倒装:谓语的_______(通常是助动词 do/does/did, be 动词或情态动词)提 到主语前面。 全部倒装:谓语的________提到主语前面。 三.全部倒装的情况 1.用于 there be 句型,(be 可换成 live, stand, lie, come, exist, seem, appear 等). There are many students in the classroom. There lived an old man in the temple a decade ago. 2.用于 “here (there, now, then) + 不及物动词 + 主语的句型中, 或以 out, in, up, down, away 等副词开头的句子里面, 表示强调。(但主语必须是________) 1)Here comes the boy. → Here he comes. 2)There goes the bell. → There it goes. 3)Now comes our turn. 4)Out went the children → There they went. 3.当句首状语是表示______的介词词组时, 常用全部倒装。 1)On the hill lies a temple. 2)In the temple lives a monk. 3)Under the tree stands a little boy. 4)From the valley came a frightening sound 练一练: 1) ____ a letter for you. There are B. Is here C. Here is D. Is there 2) ____ a big paper-making factory by the lake. A.There stands B. Does there stand C. Standing there is D. It is standing 3) _______ and caught the mouse. A.Up the cat jumped B. The cat up jumped C. Up jumped the cat D. Jumped up the cat 4) -Where is your father? -Oh, _______. A. here he comes B. he here comes C. here does he come D. here comes he 5) Look out! ______ A. The bus come there B. There comes the bus. C. Does the bus come? D. Comes the bus there. 6) Under a big tree ____, half asleep. A. did sat a fat man B. a fat man sat C. did a fat man sat D. sat a fat man
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四. 部分倒装的情况 1. 在 以 so, nor, neither 开 头 的 句 子 , 句 型 结 构 为 : _____________________________________so 表肯定, neither/nor 表否定, 表前 面内容也适用于另一个人或物时。当上述情况比较复杂时,则统一用句型 So it be the same with sb./So it be with sb.但若 so/nor/neither 开头的句子没有用倒装, 则表示_________________________. 1). He likes dancing. _______. A. So his sister does. B. So does his sister. 2)-He is a physics teacher but he loves English very much. -It is the same with me. /So it is with me. 3.) - You forgot your purse(钱包) when you went out. - Good heavens, _______. A. so did I B. so I did C. I did so D. I so did 4)-David has made great progress recently. -___________________,________________.(他确实如此,她们也这样) 2.在下列否定或半否定词放句首表示强调时 1)从不:_______ 2) 任何地方都不____________ 3)很少:________,_________,__________,____________ 4)几乎不:__________,____________,___________ 5)两者都不:___________ 6)不仅…而且 _____________ 7)________:by no means, at no time, under no circumstances, on no account … 8)直到……才:_____________(后倒前不倒) I didn’t recognize her until she took off the sunglasses. → Not until she took off the sunglasses _______ I ________ her. The mother didn’t leave until the baby fell asleep. →_________________________________________________. 9)Hardly\scarcely (过去完成式)…when(一般过去式), no sooner(过去完成式)… than(一般过去式) 一…就… (前倒后不倒) No sooner had they arrived than it began to rain. Hardly had we met our friends when the train left. 3. Only + ________/___________/__________… 1)Only then did I realize the importance of study. 2)Only in this way will he be absorbed in his study. 3)Only after he had finished his research did he go to the party. 4.由 as/though 引导的让步状语从句中,其基本句式为: 形容词/副词/名词+as/though+主语+谓语 动词原形+as/though+主语+情态动词/助动词 e.g. 1)Though he is a child, he knows a lot of English. =Child as he is, he knows a lot of English.(倒装后冠词____省略) 2)Shortest as/though he is, he is not the fattest. =Though/as he is the shortest, he is not the fattest.(倒装后 adj 最高级前的____省略) 3)Though I failed, I would try again. =Fail though I did, I would try again.(实义动词提前后,其后加上助动词_________)
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