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[中学联盟]福建省厦门市集美区灌口中学高中英语选修6grammar虚拟语气课件(共60张PPT)


Unit1

Grammar
学.科.网

The

Subjunctive Mood

Let’s enjoy a piece of music by Beyonce from America and fill in the blank.

If I _____a were boy even just for a day ____roll out of bed in the morning I'd And throw on what I wanted And go drink beer with the guys And chase after girls ____kick it with who I wanted I'd And ____never get confronted for it I'd 'Cause they stick up for me

If I _____ were a boy I think I _____ could understand How it feels to could ____ a girl man I swear I'd be a better ______ I'd listen to her 'Cause I know how it hurts lose the one you wanted When you ____ 'Cause he's taking you for granted And _________ everything you had got destroyed

If I _____ were a boy turn off I would _________ my phone Tell everyone it's broken So they'd think that I was sleeping alone Is she a boy?

A way to express the unreal condition

that is not true or not likely to become true.

a wish

一、什么是虚拟语气?

虚拟语气表示所叙述的不是事实,而是一种 愿望、假设、建议、猜测或使语气婉转。
二、虚拟语气的应用

Part1

Wish
In Subjunctive mood

I wish I were as tall as you.

I wish I were a bird.

I wish every day were my birthday.
zxxkw

I wish I were as tall as Yao Ming. I wish I were a bird. I wish every day were my birthday.

针对现状表达愿望(与现在事实相反) wish + 宾语从句(过去式/ were)

I wish I hadn’t eaten so much watermelon.

Xiao Xin is suffering from a stomachache .

The party was awful, I wish I had never gone to it.

I wish I hadn’t eaten so much watermelon. I wish I hadn’t made such a big mistake.

I wish I had studied hard before the midterm examination.

对过去发生的事情表示遗憾或后悔 wish + 宾语从句(过去完成时)

I wish it would be fine tomorrow.

I wish it would be fine tomorrow. I wish you wouldn’t smoke any more. I wish he could come tomorrow.

针对将来表达愿望(虽然可能性 极小,但有实现的可能)
wish + 宾语从句 (would/ could/ might + V原)

不能用should

小结:

wish后的宾语从句
针对现状表达愿望 (与事实相反) 对过去发生的事情表 示遗憾或后悔

一般过去时 过去完成时

针对将来表达愿望 would/could/might (虽然可能性极小, + V 原形 但有实现的可能)

Part2

if

What would you do if you won the lottery? If I won the lottery,
I would…

If I won the lottery now, I would travel around the world.

If I won the lottery, I would buy an expensive car.

If it were fine now, I would go shopping.

虚拟语气用于if条件状语从句

I would buy an expensive car. If I had a lot of money, I would buy a villa.

I would travel around the world.

与现在事实相反
If 从句的谓语形式 过去式 (were) 主句的谓语形式
would/could/should/ might +V (原)

Task. Choose one of the topics and discuss it in groups.
1.You had a dream that you were a teacher.What would you do if you were a teacher? 2.Suppose you won a lot of money . What would you do with the money?

If I had a lot of money,
I would buy a villa.
zxxkw

were teacher, I…. If I ____a

had had If I ____________time last night, would have gone to see the I _____________ film with you .

If he had driven more carefully, he would not have had the car accident yesterday
.

If I had learnt how to swim,

I would not have been trapped in this island.

与过去事实相反的假设

If条件从句
过去完成时

主句 should (would) have + 过去分词

Task.solve problems
The students failed the English exam.Could you give him some suggestions ?

If you succeeded, everything would be all right.

If you should succeed, everything would be all right.
If you were to succeed, everything would be all right.

对将来的假想
If 条件从句
一般过去时 were + 不定式 should + 动词原形

主句 should + 动词原形 would + 动词原形/ should + 动词原形

If he got up early tomorrow,

he would be on time

注意:如果虚拟条件句的谓语部分有were, had和should时,可省略if,把were, had和should放到从句主语前面去,多 见于书面语。 ★If I were you , I would accept his invitation. Were I you , I would accept his invitation.

关于虚拟语气 辨析1

zxxkw

关于虚拟语气 辨析2

关于虚拟语气 辨析3

关于虚拟语气 辨析4

关于虚拟语气 辨析5

虚拟语气 二. 虚拟语气在条件状语从句中的用法。
条件 If 从句的谓语形 从句 式 现在
过去 主句的谓语形式 would/could/should/ might +V.(原) would/could/should/ might +have done

过去式 (were) had done

1.过去式 would/could/should 未来 2. should+ V.(原) /might +V.(原) 3. were to do

虚拟语气特殊用法 I would rather you did it.

I would rather you came tomorrow.
I would rather you hadn’t told me the truth.

would rather 后的宾语从句“宁可……;宁愿……”

现在 将来 过去

一般过去时

过去完成时

She loves the baby as if it were her own son. I remember the whole thing as if it had happened yesterday. as if/ though 后的从句

现在 过去

一般过去时

过去完成时

表示要求,命令,建议的虚拟语气。 一坚持 insist

二命令 order, command
三建议 advise, suggest, propose 四要求 demand , require, request, desire 这些动词后面的宾语从句要使用虚拟语气 用法。即从句中的动词 使用should + 动词 原形,或者将should省略。

John Snow suggested that the source of all water supplies (should) be examined.

They requested that the meeting (should) be postponed.

without 和 but for 构成的虚拟。

Without sunlight, people’s life would be different from today. But for your help, I wouldn’t have finished the work. 要不是 But for air and water, no one could live.
现在 过去
Would/ could + V 原形 Would/ could have + V原形

If only …引导的虚拟。要是…就好了
If only I knew his name!

If only we had followed your advice!

If only I could see him again!

2. 用于名词性从句中: 1) 用于主语从句中: (1)用在 It is suggested / requested / demanded ordered/desired/proposed/advised/insisted + that 从句中, 从句用 (should) + 动词原形: eg: It’s suggested that the meeting (should) be put off till next week. It was ordered that the wounded soldiers be sent to the field hospital at once. (2)用在 It is necessary / important / strange / odd / natural / surprising / essential / best / appropriate / shocking / sad / regrettable / a pity / a shame / no wonder / has been decided /+ that 从句中, 从句用 (should) + 动 词原形 :

eg: It is necessary that the customs of all national minorities be respected. It is strange that he should have said so. It’s a pity that I should do it again. It is a great pity that he should be so careless. It is not surprising that Alfred should have married Amy. 但(2)部分也可不用虚拟语气: eg: It is a pity that she has made such a mistake. It is strange that he didn’t come yesterday.

3. 用于定语从句中:
在It is (high) time that 句型中, 定语从句
的谓语动词用过去时, 或should + 动词原形

(should不能省略):
eg. It is (high) time that you went to school. It’s time you did something about it. It is (high) time that we should start out.

即学即练] I. 用括号内所给动词的适当形式完成下列句子。
[

1. I failed the exam. How I wish I had remembered (remember) all those _____________ English words before the test! were (be) ten years younger, I 2. If I ______ would accept the offer and do the job. live (live) on the moon 3. We wish we could ______ in the future. 4. I don’t know the word. If knew I ______ (know) the meaning of it, I wouldn’t have to look it up.

5. If you __________ had arrived (arrive) ten minutes earlier, you could have seen them off. 6. What would happen (happen) if you should get up (get up) too late tomorrow?

II. 从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填 入空白处的最佳选项。 1. — Have you ever been to Beijing? — No, but I wish I ______. A. have B. will C. do D. had 2. If there were no water in the world, everything ______. A. will die B. would die C. would have died D. have died 3. I wish that I ______ with you last night. A. could have gone B. could go C. have gone D. went

4. If I ______ you, I ______ more attention to English idioms and phrases. A. was; shall pay B. am; will pay C. would be; would pay D. were; would pay 5. I wish that you ______ such a bad headache because I’m sure that you would have enjoyed the concert. A. wouldn’t have B. didn’t have C. hadn’t had D. haven’t had

6. If you ___ that late movie last night, you wouldn't be so sleepy. A. haven‘t watched B. hadn’t watched C. didn‘t watch D. wouldn't have watched 7.Had he studied hard, he___ the exam. A. would pass B. could pass C. had passed D. would have passed

高考实战:
1. -- If he _____, he _____ that food. (NMET ’93) -- Luckily he was sent to the hospital immediately. A. was warned; would not take B. had been warned; would not have taken C. would be warned; had not taken D. would have been warned; had not taken 2. When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, it looks as if it _____. (NMET ’96) A. breaks B. has broken C. were broken D. had been broken

3. You didn’t let me drive. If we ____ in turn, you _____ so tired. (NMET’96) A. drove; didn’t get B. drove; wouldn’t get C. were driving; wouldn’t get D. had driven; wouldn’t have got 4. – I stayed at a hotel while in New York. -- Oh, did you? You _____ with Barbara. (NMET’ 98) A. could have stayed B. could stay C. would stay D. must have stayed 5. How I wish every family _____ a large house with a beautiful garden. (NMET Shanghai’ 2002) A. has B. had C. will have D. had had

8. If he had not lost his money, he ____ the piano last week. A .would buy B. had bought C. could have bought D. bought 9. I wish I ____ able to tell him all about it last night. A. was B. were C. had been D. should be 10. Should it rain, the crops _____. A. would be saved B. would have been saved C. will be saved D. had been saved

Ⅲ.完成句子 1. If I were to have millions of yuan in the future, I (将在家乡建一所大学)。(build) 2. How I wish (我是一只快乐的小鸟), flying freely in the sky. (be) 3. What a pity I had an appointment! How I wish (我和你一起度过这美好时光)! (spend) 4.Had Tom studied harder, he (通过) the exam.(pass) 5. Had he taken the medicine regularly, he (在比赛前就恢复健康了)。(recover)


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