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not,it,there be的用法及练习


Not 的用法 一.常用词组 1. not....until 4.not....have to 6.can’t help doing 8.can’t stand doing 二.情态动词的否定形式 1.can’t 三......not do/to do 1.make sb not do 4.had better not do 7.ask sb not to do 四.常用句型 1

.It doesn’t matter. 3.Would you mind not doing...? 2.Could you please not do....? 2.let sb not do 5.decide not to do 8.try not to do 3. why not do 6.tell sb not to do 9.be sure not to do 2.mustn ’t 3. needn’t 2.not.....at all 3.not...any more....... 5.not only.....but also 7.can ’t wait to do 9.not as…as

IT 的用法(形式主语/宾语) 1. It is time to do sth 2. It’s +adj +for/of sb to do sth 3. It’s one’s turn to do sth 4. It’s one’s duty to do sth 5. It’s a pity that+从句
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6. It’s +adj (true,important,crucial…)+that+从句 7. It’s said that+从句 8. It’s reported that +从句 9. It’s believed that +从句 10. It’s well known that +从句 11. It take(s/took/will take…) sb some time to do sth 12. It seem(s/ed) that +从句 13. make it +adj+ for sb to do sth 14. find it + adj +for sb to do sth 15. think it +adj+ for sb to do sth 16. feel it +adj +for sb to do sth There be 句型(某处有某物/人) 1.There is +单数/不可数 +介词词组 2.There are +复数 +介词词组

3.There was +单数/不可数 +介词词组 4.There were +复数 +介词词组

5.There will be + 名词 +介词词组 6.There is going to be +单数/不可数 +介词词组 7.There are going to be +复数 +介词词组 8.There must(一定) be +名词 +介词词组 9.There could/might be +名词 +介词词组 10.There be +名词 +doing +介词词组
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强化练习
1.There ____plenty of _____juice in the bottle. are ;orange B.are ;oranges C.is ;orange D.is ;oranges 2.There_____lots of _____in the basket. A.are;orange B.are;oranges C.is ;orange D.is;oranges 3.May I go swimming now? No,you _____.You must finish your homework. A. mustn’t B. may not C .can’t D.needn’t 4._____I swim in that river? No,you _____.It’s dangerous to swim in it. A.Must,can’t B.Can,may not C.May ,mustn’t D.Must;mustn’t 5.There must be something wrong with our machine,______? A.is there B.can’t there C.must there D.isn’t there 6.Listen!Is that Tom playing the piano in the room? No,It _____be Tom.He has gone to Paris. A.may not B.needn’t C.mustn’t C.can’t 7.Must I finish my homework now? No,you_____.You may have a rest first. A.mustn’t B.can’t C.may not D.needn’t 8.There may be a worker_____the rubbish in the street now. A.collecting B.to collect C .collects D.collect 9.There used to be a small inn(旅馆) in the village,______? A.wasn’t there B.wasn’t it C.weren’t there D.usedn’t it 10.Is there ______in today’s newpaper? A.strange something B.strange anything C,something strange D. Anything strange 11.____is good to take a walk after supper. A.This B.That C.One D.It 12.He pretends _____this thing. A.not know B.not knowing C.not to know D.to know not 13.I think ____is important to tell him the news. A.that B.this C.it D.him 14. Tom found ___difficult to learn Chinese well. A.this B.that C.it D.it’s 15.Jack,where is Mr. Green? --Sorry,I ____him recently. A.haven’t seen B.didn’t see C.don’t see D.hadn’t seen
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16.Why not ______him our ticket? A.show B.to show C.showing D.showed 17.There _____a big match between them tomorrow. A.will have B.will be C.is going to have D.are going to be 18. Could you please _____ me where the bank is? A.telling B.to tell C.tell D.told 19.Mary is shy,She found _____difficult to speak in class. A.it B.that C.it is D.that is 20.There ____two foreign teachers to teach us English next term. A. is going to be B. will have C. are going to be 21.Nurses ____have to know how to look after the patients ____have to know how to communicate with them. A.not only; but also B.either ;or C.not;but D.only ;never 22.Why don’t you _____him?—because he didn’t tell the truth. A.agree to B.agree with C.agree for 23.We ______to that street because it was being repaired. A.were told not to go B.told not to go C.were told not go 24.Listen,the wind is blowing strongly. Yes, tell Tom______the window. A.not open B,to open C.not to open 25. There is no enough ________ in the corner to put the table. A. place B. room C. floor D. ground 26. I didn’t buy the dictionary yesterday _________ my uncle would give me one. A. until B. because C. if D. before 27. Don’t hurry. The bus won’t start ________ everybody gets on. A. since B. as C. until D. when 28. Oh, it’s snowing heavily outside. -- Please don’t leave ________ it stops. A. when B. after C. since D. until 29. It is in the library, you _______ talk loudly. A. may not B. can’t C. needn’t D. mustn’t 30. Why did the policeman stop us? -- He told us not _______ so fast in this street. A. drive B. driving C. to drive D. drove 31. I’m sorry I broke your coffee cup. -- Oh, really? _________. A. It doesn’t matter B. I don’t know C. it’s OK with me D. You’re welcome 32. Would you mind calling me back tomorrow again-- _________.
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A. Not at all B. You’re welcome C. You’re right D. Nice to meet you 33. He hasn’t heard from his friend __________ last month. A. since B. by the end of C. for D. until 34. You had better not _____ if you want _____ fit. A. give; stay B. to give; stay C. give; to stay 35. It’s brave ______you to go ________ the forest. A. for, across B. of , across C. for, through D. of, through 36. Will you please _________ it to me on Friday? — What about next Monday ? My computer doesn’t work well these days. A. post B.to e-mail C. e-mail D. to send 37.There are _____visitors in Beijing in summer. A. much B. a large number C. a large number of 38.How long ______ it ______ to go there by bus? A. do, take B. does, take C. does, spend 39. The teacher told us_____in class. A. talk B. not talk C. not to talk 40.There ________ a knife and two forks on the table. A. has B. are C. have D. is. 41.Not only his parents but also his grandfather _________ to a lot of places of interest in our country since they came here. A. has gone B. has been C. have gone D. have been 42. It’s not as _______ as yesterday, so there are _______ children playing with their parents i n the People’s Square. A. warm; fewer B. warm; less C. warmer; fewer D. warmer; less 43. Could you please ________ such a thing again? A. not to do B. don’t do C. not doing D. not do 44.Many students didn’t realize the importance of study _______ they left school. A. when B. until C. after D. unless 45.There _____a number of volunteers in the club and the number of them _____growing larger and larger. A. is; are B. are; is C. have; is D. have; are 46. You’d better _____ look up every new world in the dictionary because you can guess it from the context. A. don’t B. not C .to not D. not to 47. There is_____snow in Shenzhen in winter, is there? A. few B. a few C. little D. a little 48. You’ve learnt surfing from him, ______? A. aren’t you B. don’t you C. haven’t you D. hasn’t you
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