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重庆市2015年高考英语 (四月)阅读、短文改错训练(3)


2015 重庆四月高考英语阅读、短文改错训练(3)及答案
阅读理解。 【来自全国 II】 For those who study the development of intelligence(智力)in the animal world, self-awareness is an important measurement. An animal that is aware(意识)of itself has a high level of intelligence. Awareness can be tested by studying whether the animal recognizes itself in the mirror, that is, its own reflected image(反射出的影像) .Many animals fail this exercise bitterly, paying very little attention to the reflected image. Only humans, and some intelligent animals like apes and dolphins, have been shown to recognize that the image in the mirror is of themselves. Now another animal has joined the club. In the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers report that an Asian elephant has passed the mirror self-reflection test. "We thought that elephants were the next important animal," said Diana Reiss of the Wildlife Conservation Society, an author of the study with Joshua M. Plotnik and Fans B.M. de Waal of Emory University. With their large brains, Reiss said, elephants "seemed like cousins to apes and dolphins." The researchers tested Happy, Maxine and Patty, three elephants at the Bronx Zoo. They put an 8-foot-square mirror on a wall of the animals' play area (out of the sight of zoo visitors) and recorded what happened with cameras, including one built in the mirror. The elephants used their long noses to find what was behind it, and to examine parts of their bodies. Of the three, Happy then passed the test, in which a clear mark was painted on one side of her face. She could tell the mark was there by looking in the mirror, and she used the mirror to touch the mark with her long nose. Diana Reiss said, "We knew elephants were intelligent, but now we can talk about their intelligence in a better way." 1. What can mirror tests tell us about animals? A. Whether they have large brains. B .Whether they have self-awareness. C. Whether they enjoy outdoor exercises. D. Whether they enjoy playing with mirrors. 2. Why does the author mention apes and dolphins in the text? A. They are most familiar to readers. B .They are big favorites with zoo visitors. C. They are included in the study by Reiss. D. They are already known to be intelligent. 3. What made Happy different from Maxine and Patty? A. She used her nose to search behind the mirror. B. She recognized her own image in the mirror. C. She painted a mark on her own face. D. She found the hidden camera. 【参考答案】1---3、BDB

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阅读理解 I just hope that our brains won?t crash( 死机 ). Are you working on your typing skills to make you a more efficient worker? That may be all for nothing as Intel believes that we?ll be able to control our computers with our brains by 2020. Intel and its research partners are studying how brain acts when it thinks. For example, scientists have found that people?s brains react in a similar manner when asked to think of a bear. Through sensors( 感应器 )that can find this sort of brain activity, Intel thinks that it will be able to read and translate this into an input system thanks to a chip in the brain. “We?re trying to prove you can do interesting things with brain waves. ”Intel research scientist Dean Pomerleau told Computerworld. “Eventually people may be willing to be, more devoted to brain implants(植入物). Imagine being able to surf the Web with the Power of your thoughts. ” Even if thinking about a bear isn?t enough to show that you want to copy and paste something. Intel still thinks that there?s a future in using your brain instead of the keyboard. “If we can get to the point where you can accurately find specific words, you could mentally type, ”he added. “You could compose characters or words by thinking about letters flashing on the screen or typing whole words rather than their individual characters. ” While this may all sound impractical for present time, Intel thinks that it?s possible and something we?ll all want. “I think human beings are unusually adaptive(适应的), ”said Andrew Chien, vice president of research and director of future technologies research at Intel Labs. “If you told people 20 years ago that they would be carrying computers all the time, they would have said, ?I don?t want that. I don?t need that. ?Now you can?t get them to stop carrying devices. There are a lot of things that have to be done first but I think implanting chips into human brains is well within the scope of possibility. ” Make good use of your favorite mouse and keyboard set-up before they?re old-fashioned. 【文章大意】本文主要讲了现在 Intel 及同伴正在研究怎样用人脑控制我们的电脑。 1. What are Intel and its partners doing at present? A. Controlling our computers with our brains. B. Working on typing skills to improve efficiency. C. Studying how the brain behaves when it thinks. D. Finding how the brain reacts when it thinks of a bear. 【解析】选 C。细节理解题。根据文章第二段中首句 Intel and its research partners are studying how brain acts when it thinks 可知答案。 2. According to Dean Pomerleau, we can learn that A. brain implants will not be accepted B. he holds negative attitude to the research C. mentally typing will be possible in the future D. people need a period of time to accept the new idea .

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【解析】选 C。推理判断题。根据文章第四段和第六段中 Dean Pomerleau 所言可以推知 C 项正确。其他选项所述与文章内容不符。 3. Computers were taken for example by Andrew Chien(in the last but one paragraph)to prove . A. nothing is impossible B. mankind has great power C. society is always changing D. human beings can adapt very well 【解析】选 D。细节理解题。根据文章倒数第二段首句 I think human beings are unusually adaptive 可知, Andrew Chien 举电脑的例子是为了证明首句的观点。 4. In the last paragraph, the author probably means that . A. there will be no mouse or keyboard any more B. new kinds of mouse and keyboard will appear C. human brains will replace the present computers D. the mouse and keyboard should be used to the full 【解析】选 A。主旨大意题。最后一段作者风趣地告诉读者: 人类大脑将控制电脑是必然趋 势, 鼠标和键盘终将被淘汰。

1.假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文,文中共有 l0 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 l0 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Good morning! Today, my topic is the valuable of time. Time, like the proverb says, is money. This means that if our time is good spent, it will turn out a lot of useful and important piece of work when the proper opportunity come. Although all time is precious, but the time of our youth is more precious than any period of our existence because this is the period which we can acquire knowledge and develop our abilities. If we allow these morning hours to slip away, we shall never able to make up the loss. Let those who think nothing of waste time remember this. Thank you for your listening! 【参考答案】1.短文改错 Good morning! Today, my topic is the valuable of time. Time, like the proverb says, is money. This means that Value as if our time is good spent, it will turn out a lot of useful and important piece of work when the well pieces proper opportunity come. Although all time is precious, but the time of our youth is more precious comes

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than any∧period of our existence because this is the period which we can acquire knowledge and the when develop our abilities. If we allow these morning hours to slip away, we shall never∧able to make be up the loss. Let those who think nothing of waste time remember this. Thank you for your listening! wasting

2.假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同学写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 As a student of your age, I understand your situation. The problem you are facing was common between the teenagers. However, it should be wise not to do something that may hurt your mom?s feelings. Here are some suggestions. First, it?s advisable to talk less with her. Heart-to-heart talks help you understand each other better. Besides, why not find more chance to let her know your ideas and attitudes toward many things. In these way, she may realize you had grown up. Second, you should learn to do your own things well, proved to your mom that you are already “Grown-up”. It?s even better if you could share more of the housework. I believe why your mom will eventually understand you and you can get along well with her. 【参考答案】2.短文改错 As a student of your age, I understand your situation. The problem you are facing was common is between the teenagers. However, it should be wise not to do something that may hurt your among anything mom?s feelings. Here are some suggestions. First, it?s advisable to talk less with her. more Heart-to-heart talks help you understand each other better. Besides, why not find more chance chances to let her know your ideas and attitudes toward many things. In these way, she may realize you this had grown up. Second, you should learn to do your own things well, proved to your mom have proving that you are already∧“Grown-up”. It?s even better if you could share more of the housework.. a I believe why your mom will eventually understand you and you can get along well with her.

3.短文改错

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假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(^),并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Tom, How are you getting along? I don't think this is a good idea to travel a lot and visit as many place as possible.Last July Bell paid a visit on Europe.Europe was very beautiful, but his holiday wasn't very nicely.He visited several countries, and was in each of the countries for only three days.He visited a good many places of interest, and was always in hurry.Though he returned from Europe, he was very tired.So I suggest that you spent your holiday in a different way.We had better travel with a friend to one country and to visit only one city at a time.You'll be able to have a good time John 【参考答案】3.短文改错 Dear Tom, How are you getting along? I don't think this is a good idea to travel a lot and visit it as many place as possible.Last July Bell paid a visit on Europe.Europe was very places to is beautiful, but his holiday wasn't very nicely.He visited several countries, and was in each nice of the countries for only three days.He visited a good many places of interest, and was always in∧hurry.Though he returned from Europe, he was very tired.So I suggest that a When/As you spent your holiday in a different way.We had better travel with a friend to spend You one country and to visit only one city at a time.You'll be able to have a good time. John

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