1．阅读时不能仅仅注重文章细节，更应该注意文章的布局。 2．注意句子之间的逻辑关系(是总还是分？是主旨还是细节？)。 3．注意段落间的逻辑关系(转折？递进？总结？举例？??)。 4．将历届高考试题进行分析，重点分析结构清晰的说明文或议论文。 5．“七选五”的解题策略 (1)从
意思上判断 在做题时最重要的是要读懂空白前后的句子，明白这几句话的确切意思，然后 根据意思的连贯性或逻辑性从选项中选取正确答案。在读懂意思的基础上，利 用线索词等进一步确认答案。 (2)从词汇上锁定线索 做题时很重要的一点是保持对一些线索词的敏感，最主要的线索词是空白前后 的名词和动词，寻找答案时注意在选项中查找同义词、近义词、反义词或表示 同一类事物的词语等。其次是代词、数词、表示时间/年代的词、地点/名称等专 有名词。尤其是在读不懂句子的情况下，利用这样的线索词寻找答案是很有效 的方法。 (3)从关联词上查找 由于英语的句、段之间经常会运用关联词或某些具有关联作用的副词表示衔接 和过渡，使文章逻辑更清楚和连贯，因此文章中和选项中表示各种逻辑关系的 路标性信号词在选择答案时都是很重要的线索。在做题时可将这三个层面的线 索很好地结合起来。例如，表示并列或递进关系的词，一般表示前后句子的名 词或句意具有同指性；表示转折或让步关系的词则往往表示前后句子的名词同 指，但句意对立，或褒贬对立或肯否对立；表示例证关系的词则意味着在举例 之前或之后有表述概念或某一观点的句子，往往会有复述名词出现。常见的关 联词及有关联作用的副词或短语如下： 1) 并 列 或 递 进 关 系 ： and ， or ， also ， neither...nor... ， either...or... ， likewise ， similarly，equally，in the same way，that is to say，as well as，the same...as， besides，additionally，furthermore，moreover，in addition to，what is more 等。
2) 因果关系： because ， for ， since ， as ， thus ， hence ， therefore ， so ， so...that ， consequently，accordingly，due to，thanks to，as a result，because of，in that， for this reason，of course 等。 3) 转折或让步关系： but ， however ， yet ， on the contrary， by contrast ， on the other hand，unfortunately，while，whereas，unlike，rather than，instead of，it is true that ， although ， though ， even though ， even if ， nevertheless ， despite ， in spite of 等。 4) 时间关系： afterwards ， at first ， at last ， finally ， first ， firstly ， in the first place ， to start with ， in the meantime ， last ， later ， next ， second ， secondly ， then，third，thirdly，to begin with 以及一些具体的时间等。 (4)根据试题所在的不同位置确定不同的解题策略 1)如果问题在段首 ①通常是段落主题句。认真阅读后文内容，根据段落一致性原则，查找同义词 或其他相关的词，推断出主题句。 ②与后文是并列、转折、因果关系等。着重阅读后文第一、二句，锁定线索信 息词，然后在选项中查找相关特征词。通常正确答案的最后一句与空白后的第 一句在意思上是紧密衔接的，因此这两句间会有某种衔接手段。 ③段落间的过渡句。这时要前瞻后望找启示，即阅读上一段结尾部分(通常正确 答案与上一段结尾有机地衔接起来)，并结合下一段内容，看所选的答案是否将 两段内容连接起来。 2)如果问题在段尾 ①空白前的一句或两句是重点语句，重点阅读以锁定关键词。 ②通常是结论、概括性语句。注意在选项中查找表示结果、结论、总结等的信 息词，如 therefore，as a result，thus，hence，in short，to sum up，to conclude， in a word 等词语，选项中也可发现前文的同义词句。 ③与前文是转折或对比关系。此时要注意在选项中查找表示转折、对比的词， 同时注意选项中所讲内容是否与前文在同一主题上形成对立、对比关系。 ④与前文是并列或排比关系。在这种情况下，通常是该段落要求补全说明本段 主题的其他细节，因此根据段落一致性原则，在原文和选项中找到相关的特征
词，通常在选项中会出现表示并列或递进关系的词或与前文类似的句式结构， 或出现同义词等其他信号线索。前面的一句与正确答案的第一句是紧密相连 的。要特别注意阅读这样相连的两句，通常会找到关键的线索词句。 ⑤所选答案是引出下一段的内容。如果在选项中找不出与前文之间的关联，此 时可考虑与下一段开头是否有一定的衔接。认真阅读下一段开头几句，看是否 与选项的最后一句紧密连接起来。 ⑥如果第一段的段尾是空白，要认真阅读，看此处是细节还是主题。通常文章 第一段要提出文章的主题，如果在段尾提出主题，会用一些信号词如转折词引 出来，正确答案中应有这样的特征词。 3)如果问题是一整个自然段 ①这个段落应该是承上启下，而且自成一体，即有一个段落的中心，因此可重 点阅读选项中较长的选项，以此类推直至找到正确答案。 ②着重阅读前一段结尾和后一段开头的一、两句查找相关的线索，而且重要线 索通常会在后一段开头，因此后一段开头往往比前一段结尾更为重要。 ③分析段落之间的逻辑关系及内容的连贯性，注意段落间的衔接手段。将选项 代入原文，如果前后内容连贯，符合逻辑，就能得出正确答案。
A (2016· 全国 Ⅰ )Secret codes ( 密码 )keep messages private.Banks, companies, and government agencies use secret codes in doing business, especially when information is sent by computer. People have used secret codes for thousands of years.__1__ Code breaking never lags( 落后 ) far behind code making.The science of creating and reading coded messages is called cryptography. There are three main types of cryptography.__2__ For example, the first letters of “My elephant eats too many eels” spell out the hidden message “Meet me.” __3__You might represent each letter with a number, for example. Let’s number the letters of the alphabet, in order, from 1 to 26.If we substitute a number for each letter,
the message “Meet me” would read “135520135.” A code uses symbols to replace words, phrases, or sentences.To read the message of a real code, you must have a code book.__4__ For example, “bridge” might stand for “meet” and “out” might stand for “me.” The message “bridge out” would actually mean “Meet me.” __5__However, it is also hard to keep a code book secret for long.So codes must be changed frequently. A．It is very hard to break a code without the code book. B．In any language, some letters are used more than others. C．Only people who know the keyword can read the message. D．As long as there have been codes, people have tried to break them. E．You can hide a message by having the first letters of each word spell it out. F．With a code book, you might write down words that would stand for other words. G．Another way to hide a message is to use symbols to stand for specific letters of the alphabet. B (2016· 全国Ⅱ) A garden that’s just right for you Have you ever visited a garden that seemed just right for you, where the atmosphere of the garden appeared to total more than the sum(总和) of its parts？__1__．But it doesn’t happen by accident.It starts with looking inside yourself and understanding who you are with respect to the natural world and how you approach the gardening process. ?__2__ Some people may think that a garden is no more than plants, flowers, patterns and masses of color.Others are concerned about using gardening methods that require less water and fewer fertilizers(肥料)．__3__．However, there are a number of other reasons that might explain why you want to garden.One of them comes from our earliest years. ?Recall(回忆)your childhood memories Our model of what a garden should be often goes back to childhood.Grandma’s rose
garden and Dad’s vegetable garden might be good or bad, but that’s not what’s important.__4__—how being in those gardens made us feel.If you’d like to build a powerful bond with your garden, start by taking some time to recall the gardens of your youth.__5__．Then go outside and work out a plan to translate your childhood memories into your grown－up garden.Have fun. A．Know why you garden B．Find a good place for your own garden C．It’s our experience of the garden that matters D．It’s delightful to see so many beautiful flowers E．Still others may simply enjoy being outdoors and close to plants F．You can produce that kind of magical quality in your own garden, too G．For each of those gardens, write down the strongest memory you have C (2016· 全国Ⅲ)Everyone knows that fish is good for health.__1__But it seems that many people don’t cook fish at home.Americans eat only about fifteen pounds of fish per person per year, but we eat twice as much fish in restaurants as at home.Buying, storing, and cooking fish isn’t difficult.__2__This text is about how to buy and cook fish in an easy way. __3__Fresh fish should smell sweet: you should feel that you’re standing at the ocean’s edge.Any fishy or strong smell means the fish isn’t fresh.__4__When you have bought a fish and arrive home, you’d better store the fish in the refrigerator if you don’t cook it immediately, but fresh fish should be stored in your fridge for only a day or two.Frozen fish isn’t as tasty as the fresh one. There are many common methods used to cook fish.__5__First，clean it and season it with your choice of spices(调料)．Put the whole fish on a plate and steam it in a steam pot for 8 to 10 minutes if it weighs about one pound.(A larger one will take more time.)Then，it’s ready to serve. A．Do not buy it. B．The easiest is to steam it.
C．This is how you can do it. D．It just requires a little knowledge. E．The fish will go bad within hours. F．When buying fish，you should first smell it. G．The fats in fish are thought to help prevent heart disease. D (2016· 北京高考) The Science of Risk－Seeking Sometimes we decide that a little unnecessary danger is worth it because when we weigh the risk and the reward，the risk seems worth taking.__1__ Some of us
enjoy activities that would surprise and scare the rest of us.Why? Experts say it may have to do with how our brains work. The reason why any of us take any risks at all might have to do with early humans.Risk－takers were better at hunting，fighting，or exploring.__2__ As
the quality of risk－taking was passed from one generation to the next，humans ended up with a sense of adventure and a tolerance for risk. So why aren’t we all jumping out of airplanes then? Well，even 200，000 years ago，too much risk－taking could get one killed.A few daring survived，though， along with a few stay－in－the－cave types.As a result，humans developed a range of character types that still exists today.So maybe you love car racing，or maybe you hate it.__3__ No matter where you are on the risk － seeking range ， scientists say that your willingness to take risks increases during your teenage years.__4__ To help you do
that，your brain increases your hunger for new experiences.New experiences often mean taking some risks，so your brain raises your tolerance for risk as well. __5__ For the risk－seekers a part of the brain related to pleasure becomes active， while for the rest of us，a part of the brain related to fear becomes active. As experts continue to study the science of risk－seeking，we’ll continue to hit the mountains，the waves or the shallow end of the pool.
A．It all depends on your character. B．Those are the risks you should jump to take. C．Being better at those things meant a greater chance of survival. D．Thus，these well－equipped people survived because they were the fittest. E．This is when you start to move away from your family and into the bigger world. F．However，we are not all using the same reference standard to weigh risks and rewards. G．New brain research suggests our brains work differently when we face a nervous situation.
A (2015· 全国Ⅰ) Building Trust in a Relationship Again Trust is a learned behavior that we gain from past experiences.__1__ Trust is a risk.But you can’t be successful when there’s a lack of trust in a relationship that results from an action where the wrongdoer takes no responsibility to fix the mistake. Unfortunately，we’ve all been victims of betrayal.Whether we’ve been stolen from， lied to，misled，or cheated on，there are different levels of losing trust.Sometimes people simply can’t trust anymore.__2__ It’s understandable，but if you’re willing to build trust in a relationship again，we have some steps you can take to get you there. ●__3__ Having confidence in yourself will help you make better choices because you can see what the best outcome would be for your well－being. ● __4__ If you’ve been betrayed，you are the victim of your circumstance.But
there’s a difference between being a victim and living with a “victim mentality”．At some point in all of our lives，we’ll have our trust tested or violated. ●You didn’t lose “everything”．Once trust is lost，what is left？Instead of looking at the situation from this hopeless angle，look at everything you still have and be thankful for all of the good in your life.__5__ Instead，it’s a healthy way to work through the experience to allow room for positive growth and forgiveness.
A．Learn to really trust yourself. B．It is putting confidence in someone. C．Stop regarding yourself as the victim. D．Remember that you can expect the best in return. E．They’ve been too badly hurt and they can’t bear to let it happen again. F．This knowledge carries over in their attitude toward their future relationships. G．Seeing the positive side of things doesn’t mean you’re ignoring what happened. B (2015· 全国Ⅱ)Training for a marathon requires careful preparation and steady， gradual increases in the length of the runs.__1__，buy the best－fitting，best－built running shoes you can find.No one can say which brand will work best for you or feel best on your feet，so you have to rely on your experience and on the feel of each pair as you shop.When you have found shoes that seem right，walk in them for a few days to double－check the fit.__2__．As always，you should stretch(伸展) at least ten minutes before each run to prevent injuries. During the first week，do not think about distance，but run five minutes longer each day.__3__，it is wise to take a day off to rest.But during the next week，set a goal of at least a mile and a half per run.__4__ ． After two weeks ， start timing yourself.__5__．Depending on the kind of race you plan to enter，you can set up a timetable for the remaining weeks before the race. A．After six days B．For a good marathon runner C．Before you begin your training D．With each day，increase the distance by a half mile E．If they still feel good，you can begin running in them F．Time spent for preparation raises the quality of training G．Now you are ready to figure out a goal of improving distance and time C (2015· 北京高考) This Way to Dreamland
Daydreaming means people think about something pleasant, especially when this makes them forget what they should be doing. Daydreamers have a bad reputation for being unaware of what’s happening around them. They can seem forgetful and clumsy. __1__ They annoy us because they seem to be ignoring us and missing the important things. But daydreamers are also responsible for some of the greatest ideas and achievements in human history. __2__ Can you imagine what kind of world we would have without such ideas and inventions? So how can we come up with brilliant daydreams and avoid falling over tree roots or otherwise looking like a fool? First, understand that some opportunities(机会) for daydreaming are better than others. Feeling safe and relaxed will help you to slip into daydreams. __3__ And if you want to improve your chances of having a creative idea while you’re daydreaming, try to do it while you are involved in another task，preferably something simple, like taking a shower or walking, or even making meaningless drawings. It’s also important to know how to avoid daydreams for those times when you really need to concentrate. “Mindfulness”， being focused, is a tool that some people use to avoid falling asleep. __4__ Finally, you never know what wonderful idea might strike while your mind has moved slowly away. __5__ Always remember that your best ideas might come when your head is actually in the clouds. A．Having interesting things to think about also helps. B．They stare off into space and wander by themselves. C．Without wandering minds, we wouldn’t have relativity, Coke or Post－it notes. D．At one time, daydreaming was thought to be a cause of some mental illnesses. E．It involves slow, steady breathing for self－control that helps people stay calm and attentive. F．Daydreams are often very simple and direct, quite unlike sleep dreams, which may be hard to understand.
G．Therefore, it’s a good idea to keep a notebook or voice recorder nearby when you’re in the daydream zone. D (2014· 北京高考) Evaluating Sources (来源) of Health Information Making good choices about your own health requires reasonable evaluation.A key first step in bettering your evaluation ability is to look carefully at your sources of health information.Reasonable evaluation includes knowing where and how to find relevant information，how to separate fact from opinion，how to recognize poor reasoning，and how to analyze information and the reliability of sources.__1__ Go to the original source.Media reports often simplify the results of medical research.Find out for yourself what a study really reported，and determine whether it was based on good science.Think about the type of study.__2__ Watch for misleading language.Some studies will find that a behavior“contributes to”or is“associated with”an outcome；this does not mean that a certain course must lead to a certain result.__3__ Carefully read or listen to information in order to fully understand it. Use your common sense.If a report seems too good to be true，probably it is.Be especially careful of information contained in advertisements.__4__
Evaluate“scientific”statements carefully，and be aware of quackery(江湖骗术)． __5__ Friends and family members can be a great source of ideas and inspiration， but each of us needs to find a healthy lifestyle that works for us. Developing the ability to evaluate reasonably and independently about health problems will serve you well throughout your life. A．Make choices that are right for you. B．The goal of an ad is to sell you something. C．Be sure to work through the critical questions. D．And examine the findings of the original research. E．Distinguish between research reports and public health advice.
F．Be aware that information may also be incorrectly explained by an author’s point of view. G．The following suggestions can help you sort through the health information you receive from common sources. E (2014· 新课标全国Ⅰ) The jobs of the future have not yet been invented.__1__ By helping them develop classic skills that will serve them well no matter what the future holds. 1．Curiosity Your children need to be deeply curious.__2__ Ask kids，“What ingredients (配料) can we add to make these pancakes even better next time？”and then try them out.Did those ingredients make the pancakes better？What could we try next time? 2．Creativity True creativity is the ability to take something existing and create something new from it.__3__ There are a dozen different things you can do with them.Experimenting with materials to create something new can go a long way in helping them develop their creativity. 3．Interpersonal Skills Understanding how others feel can be a challenge for kids.We know what’s going on inside our own head，but what about others？Being able to read people helps kids from misreading a situation and jumping to false conclusions.__4__“Why do you think she’s crying？”“Can you tell how that man is feeling by looking at his face？”“If someone were to do that to you，how would you feel？” 4．Self Expression __5__ There are many ways to express thoughts and ideas—music ， acting ， drawing，building，photography.You may find that your child is attracted by one more than another. A．Encourage kids to cook with you. B．And we can’t forget science education.
C．We can give kids chances to think about materials in new ways. D．So how can we help our kids prepare for jobs that don’t yet exist? E．Gardening is another great activity for helping kids develop this skill. F．We can do this in real life or ask questions about characters in stories. G．Being able to communicate ideas in a meaningful way is a valuable skill. F (2014· 辽宁高考) Eyesight plays a very important role in our daily life.Every waking moment，the eyes are working to see the world around us.Over forty percent of Americans worry about losing eyesight，but it’s easy to include steps into our daily life to ensure healthy eyes.Here are five suggestions for a lifetime of healthy eyesight： ·Schedule yearly exams.__1__Experts advise parents to bring babies 6 to 12 months of age to the doctor for a careful check.The good news is that millions of children now can have yearly eye exams and following treatment，including eyeglasses. ·Protect against UV rays (紫外线)．Long－term stay in the sun creates risk to your eyes.No matter what the season is，it’s extremely important to wear sunglasses.__2__ ·Give your eyes a break.Two－thirds of Americans spend up to seven hours a day using computers or other digital products.__3__ Experts recommend that people
practice the 20/20/20 rule：every 20 minutes，take a 20－second break and look at something 20 feet away. · __4__ As part of a healthy diet ， eat more fruits and vegetables each
day.Vitamins (维生素) C and E help protect eyesight and promote eye health. · Practice safe wear and care of contact lenses (隐形眼镜)．Many Americans use contact lenses to improve their eyesight.While some follow the medical guidance for wearing contact lenses，many are breaking the rules and putting their eyesight at risk.__5__ Otherwise，you may have problems such as red eyes，pain in the
eyes，or a more serious condition. A．Eat your greens. B．Eye care should begin early in life.
C．They can properly protect your eyes. D．Stay in good shape by taking more vitamins. E．Parents usually don’t care about their own eyesight. F．Always follow the doctor’s advice for appropriate wear. G．This frequent eye activity increases the risk for eye tiredness. G (2014· 新课标全国Ⅱ) Tips for Cooking on a Tight Schedule From my experience，there are three main reasons why people don’t cook more often：ability，money，and time.__1__ Money is a topic I’ll save for another day.So today I want to give you some wisdom about how to make the most of the time you spend in the kitchen.Here are three tips for great cooking on a tight schedule： 1．Think ahead.The moments when I think cooking is a pain are when I’m already hungry and there’s nothing ready to eat.So think ahead of the coming week.When will you have time to cook？Do you have the right materials already？__2__ 2．Make your time worth it.When you do find time to cook a meal，make the most of it and save yourself time later on.Are you making one loaf of bread？__3__ it takes around the same amount of time to make more of something.So save yourself the effort for a future meal. 3．__4__ This may surprise you，but one of the best tools for making cooking worth your time is experimentation.It gives you the chance to hit upon new ideas and recipes that can work well with your appetite and schedule.The more you learn and the more you try，the more ability you have to take control of your food and your schedule. Hopefully that gives you a good start.__5__ And don’t let a busy schedule discourage you from making some great changes in the way you eat and live! A．Try new things. B．Ability is easily improved. C．Make three or four instead. D．Understand your food better.
E．Cooking is a burden for many people. F．Let cooking and living simply be a joy rather than a burden. G．A little time planning ahead can save a lot of work later on.
A (2016· 山东潍坊市高三年级统一考试)Holiday gift buying can feel a little empty， when all of those endless lists，long lines at the shopping center and dollars spent lead to a 5－minute excitement of flying wrapping paper.__1__ The following tips can help make gift giving more meaningful for both the giver and the receiver. 1．Know the person The most important thing in the exchanging of gifts is that it shows you really know the person well，and you really care about him.__2__ 2．Donate in their name __3__ Research suggests that happier people give more to others，and that giving more makes people happier.Moreover ， charity － related happiness is highest
when people give in a way that promotes social connection.So，try giving to the less fortunate in someone’s name this holiday season. 3．Give handmade goods or hand－me－downs __4__ A study suggests that people feel that homemade items show more love，and love is what they want to express to the gift receiver. Family heirlooms (传家宝) may be another good gift option.A 2009 study found that when families hand down even a very depersonalized thing—money—to the generations，the symbolic value of the cash is greater than the numerical value alone. 4．Provide chances for participation If there’s a golden rule of gifts ， though ， it’s this ： __5__People who receive experiential gifts，such as concert tickets or a zoo membership，feel more connected to the gift giver than people who received material gifts. A．But it doesn’t have to be that way.
B．Give experiences rather than objects. C．The new and store－bought is not always best. D．That is always beyond their expectation. E．That means catering to another’s pleasure. F．Giving gifts to friends or to charity is linked to happiness. G．Start listing every person you plan to give a holiday gift to. B (2016· 河北“五个一名校联盟”高三教学质量检测) How to Be Creative Most of us think that creativity is a quality belonging only to artists ，writers，or dancers，rather than ourselves.__1__ The following tips are a great beginning for developing our creativity. 1．Get out of your comfort zone We eagerly accept the familiar and fear the unknown.Break out of your usual patterns and welcome creativity into your life.As stated earlier ， the human brain was designed to recognize patterns.__2__ In fact，our comfort zone is nothing more than a collection of patterns.As we become more efficient at recognizing and using patterns，we rely less on creativity to find new paths.We should force ourselves out of our comfort zones and open up new possibilities. 2．Try different things If you always do what you’ve always done，you’ll always get what you’ve always got.We are creatures of habits and routines ，and creativity hates routines.If you usually drive to work，take the subway for a few days.__3__ Interrupt your routine， experiment and try something new.New things are often creative，but the same old thing never is. 3．__4__ Having a great idea is not enough; you must work to make it a reality.Have you ever seen a new product and realized that you thought of the same thing long ago? Yet someone else is making money with “your” idea.__5__ The difference between a dreamer and a doer is action.Do whatever it takes to bring your ideas to life.If you can
put them into practice，you are well on your way to improving your creativity in all areas of your life. A．Take action B．Seek several options C．Think from the other person’s point of view. D．If you normally eat in the office，have lunch under a tree. E．The truth is that we are all born with the capacity to be creative. F．We continue to create patterns and routines for almost everything we do. G．We all have great ideas sometimes，but only a few people turn their ideas into realities. C (2016· 湖北省八校高三第一次联考)If you intend to work with this book seriously， I suggest that you give yourself every advantage by carefully following the laws of learning： Space your learning. __1__ Each session may take one half hour to an hour and a half，depending on the amount of material and on your own speed of learning.Do one or two sessions at a time—three if you’re going strong and are all involved—and always decide when you stop and exactly when you will return. __2__ Everyone learns at a different pace.Fast learners are no better than slow learners—it’s the end result that counts，not the time it takes you to finish. Review. When you start a new session，go back to the last exercise of the previous session， cover your answers，and see how much you remember.__3__ Test yourself. You are not aiming for a grade，or putting your worth on the line，when you take the Comprehensive Tests.__4__You are deciding where repairs have to be made，and especially，you are experiencing a feeling of success at work that is well done.
Use these tests，as well as the abundant drill exercises，as aids to learning.No one is perfect，and no one learns in the exact same way or at the same speed as anyone else.__5__And then ， give yourself every opportunity to exploit your actual ， latent，and potential abilities. But most important of all，as I will remind you several times throughout this book， develop a schedule and stick to it! A．Do you have quick recall after a day，or you simply forget everything? B．This approach works better than any other method for learning words. C．On the contrary，you are discovering your weaknesses，if any. D．Every chapter of this book is divided into “sessions”． E．Real learning goes on only through active participation. F．Do not rush—go at your own comfortable speed. G．Find the optimum technique and speed for your unique learning patterns. D (2016· 福建省五校高中毕业班统一考试) Getting older No one really knows how and why people change as they get older.__1__ Aging is a complex and varied process that varies in how it affects different people and organs.In fact，even in one person，different organ systems “age” at different rates. At a certain point in our lives our body systems will begin to weaken.__2__ It may
become more difficult for us to see and hear.The slow change of aging causes our bodies to lose some of their ability to bounce back from disease and injury. In order to live longer，we have always tried to slow or stop this change that leads us toward the end of our lives. __3__ A good diet plays an important role.The amount and the type of exercise we get are another two factors.__4__ But scientists studying the aging problem want to know：why do people grow old? They hope that by studying the aging medical science they may be able to make the length of life longer. __5__ Many consider the later part of life to be the best time for living.Physical
activity may become less，but often we get better understanding of the world and ourselves. What we consider the old age now may only be middle－ aged some day soon.With so many advances in medical science happening so quickly，life length may one day be measured in centuries，rather than in years! A．Our living condition is yet another. B．Many factors decide our health. C．Our strength may become weaker. D．As for diet，people are advised to eat less salt and sugar. E．There is nothing to be afraid of as the old age comes. F ． Symptoms include a lack of energy ， slow reactions ， insomnia and poor memory. G．Also，no theory sufficiently explains all the changes of the aging process. E (2016· 陕西宝鸡市高三教学质量检测)We all have been told since we were kids that we need at least 8 hours of sleep every night.__1__ Not many. Sleep ， though ， is one of the most important things our bodies need to stay healthy.Without the rest that sleep provides，our bodies and minds wear down to the point where not only do we lose our work efficiency，but lack of sleep can even make us sick.__2__ A lot of people eat late into the night and then try to sleep on a full stomach.__3__ While you’re trying to sleep，your body is working hard to absorb whatever you’ve eaten.Stay away from food a few hours before you go to bed，so that your body can rest. If you need more hours in the day to get your work done，try to make a choice between waking up extra early and then going to bed on time，or staying up later but then also getting up later.Some people do better and are more productive when they stay up late.__4__ Do some tests on yourself to see which option works better on you. __5__ Your body and your mind are more efficient when a routine has been set and a
habit has been formed.Follow the same positive sleep patterns for a week or a week or a month and you’ll notice a big change in how much more restful you feel. A．If you are struggling to get the sleep you need，here are some suggestions for you. B．So it’s vital to have enough sleep for us. C．Turn sleep into a habit. D．Others feel better and have more energy when they wake up early. E．The more hours we sleep，the more energy we will have. F．This will not provide you with a restful sleep. G．However，how many of us actually get that many hours of sleep? F (2016· 广西桂林、崇左市高三 4 月联考)It is necessary but difficult for English beginners to memorize new words，and long lists of words seem to make the mission impossible.They are puzzled why they try to memorize words with great efforts but forget them easily.That’s why there are often inquiries about how to memorize new words. __1__ Here are some tips to help. __2__ We too often separate the process of new words memorization from
pronunciation.In fact these two can be combined and each will enhance the other.Saying the word to ourselves helps activate aural(hearing) memory，which helps the memory.__3__ The more familiar we are with the word，the greater chance we will have to keep it for the rest of our life. Never memorize single English words.__4__ Relate the word to terms we already
know ， either as synonym or antonym.For example ， the word “gargantuan” is similar in meaning to words “gigantic”，“huge” and “large”．Make a sequence of words: “small，medium，large，gigantic，and gargantuan”． Create a mental image of the word that involves strong emotions.Think ， “The gargantuan whale is going to swallow me whole”． Learning English words requires action.Complaining how difficult it is to memorize new words will be of little help.__5__ Have a try with ten words a day and you will
see what a difference you will make in our English learning. A．So take action right now. B．Speak the word while memorizing it. C．Memorizing new words is very important. D．Actually，some have given up learning new words. E．In fact，learning new words needn’t be that difficult. F．Make as many associations and connections as possible. G．The sound of word helps us recall the spelling and familiarizes us with the word. G (2016· 安徽省合肥市高三第一次教学质量检测) How to Help a Teenager Make Good Decisions Habitually poor decision－making is actually common in teenagers.Naturally，such a habit makes parent － teen cooperation difficult ， especially when a parent
wants his teen to do what a “responsible adolescent” would do.A poor decision－ making teenager can never run away from his responsibilities.__1__ ·Distinguish real problems from acts of pure “teenagerism”．Teens often make poor decisions simply because they don’t have the experiences.By making small and harmless mistakes，like a recently－developed habit of careless consuming，a teen learns good decision－making skills on his own via self－correction.__2__ Don’t
think the teen is making bad decisions just to challenge you. It’s more likely it is out of a real inability to determine what’s best for him. · __3__Tell your teen you understand his decisions while simply emphasizing that you don’t have to agree with his decisions or treat his views as valid.By not judging his opinions，tastes or style，you are opening the road to better communication and problem－solving opportunities. · Set clear expectations.__4__ For example，if your teen refuses to study for his math final because “math is pointless”，explain that you expect him to perform well in school ， even in the “pointless ” classes.Because you’ve already tolerated his
opinion without trying to change his viewpoint，you two can easily agree that math
isn’t so useful，yet avoid saying “Let’s just give up on math，then.” · Find a middle ground.Trade insignificant freedoms，such as clothing style for the promise that he’ll live up to academic and family responsibilities.__5__ Not only does giving up a bit of control solve many conflicts，but the extra freedom you give him can also improve his decision－making. A．Show tolerance. B．Learn to solve problems. C．Point out your expectations and his responsibilities. D．If your teen could realize it，allow him to be himself. E．A responsible adolescent must have role models to learn from. F．Therefore，it’s important to guide them with problem－solving strategies. G ． Next time ， he’ll be more likely to think twice before making his buying decision. H (2016· 广东揭阳一中、潮州金山中学高三下学期第一次联考) 1，000 Hours a Year Like you，all my e－mail goes into my Sent Mailbox，just sitting there if I want to check back at what I said to whom years ago.So what a surprise to see that I send approximately 18，250 e－mails each year (roughly 50 a day)．Assuming 3 minutes per e－mail，that’s about 1，000 hours a year on e－mail alone.I’ve been on e－ mail since the early 90s.__1__ The answer is both yes and no.Yes，I have been able to keep in touch with family， friends，and colleagues in far－away corners of the planet with ease.__2__ But while these undoubted benefits are the reasons why I continue to e－mail，it is not without its own cost.Most importantly，as the above analysis shows，e－mail eats my time just as it likely eats yours. __3__ Each time a message arrives there’s just the chance that it might contain something exciting，something new，something special，a new opportunity.__4__ That’s just enough to keep me checking my Inbox.But that means perhaps only 10 of
the 1 000 hours I spent on e－mails this year were actually wanted. Frequent e－mail messages will certainly affect our real work.__5__ Like other potential addictions we should perhaps attempt to check the e－mail box at certain times of the day，or by creating e－mail－free zones by turning off Wi－Fi.Now I need to think whether I really want to be spending 1，000 hours a year on e－mail， at the expense of more valuable activities. A．Was that time well spent? B．All this feeds my continued use of e－mail. C．Do you spend 1，000 hours on e－mails every year? D．And we all recognize that e－mail has its addictive side. E．E－mail uses technology to communicate a digital message over the Internet. F．Maybe one in 100 e－mails about. G．Becoming aware of what e－mail is doing to our allocation of time is the first step to re－gaining control. I (2016· 山西四校高三第二次联考)The key to losing weight is to understand what really motivates you.Have you ever been excited about losing a few pounds? __1__ And to help you keep your weight under control，you need some coping strategies. Ask questions.When you’re researching different dieting products and plans or even talking to a doctor about diets ， ask as many questions as you can.__2__ Ask questions like： Do I have to purchase special meals or supplements? Does the program include a part to help me maintain my weight loss? Get real.__3__ Don’t burden yourself with unrealistic expectations.Remember， large amounts of weight loss are not realistic and are most likely not safe or healthy.Talk with your health care professional to determine a healthy weight goal. __4__ To maintain your weight，you must balance your intake of calories with the energy you burn.Just 30 minutes of fast walking in most days can take about 10 pounds off your weight each year. Weigh yourself weekly.It’s important to track your weight on any diet or weight loss contain something I really want to know or hear
plan，but don’t get on the scale every day.Weighing daily won’t show you the big picture.__5__ A．Stay balanced. B．Once a week is fine. C．Stick with your healthy eating plan. D．Losing one to two pounds a week is a realistic goal. E．Being well informed will help you choose the best diet for you. F．Regular weight check－ins will show you your progress over time. G．If so，you must find a way to turn that excitement into determination. J (2016· 湖 北 七 市 教 科 研 协 作 体 高 三 联 合 考 试 )While it is impossible to live completely free of stress，it is possible to prevent stress as well as reduce its effect when it can’t be avoided.The US Department of Health and Human Services offers the following suggestions for ways to deal with stress. · Try physical activity. When you are nervous，angry or upset，try releasing (释放) the pressure through exercise or physical activity.__1__ · Take care of yourself. You should make every effort to eat well and get enough rest.If you easily get angry and cannot sleep well enough，or if you’re not eating properly，it will be more likely that you will fall into situations of stress. __2__ · Make time for yourself. __3__ Don’t forget，play can be just as important as work.You need a break
from your daily routine to just relax and have fun.Go window－shopping or work on a hobby.Allow yourself at least a half hour each day to do something you enjoy. · __4__ Stress can result from disorganization (杂乱无章) and a feeling that “there’s so much to do，and not enough time.” Trying to take care of everything at once can be too much for you and，as a result，you may not achieve anything.Instead，make a
list of everything you have to do，then do one thing at a time. to do the most important tasks first. A．Bear in mind the most important task. B．Schedule time for both work and play. C．Check off each task as it is completed. D．Make a list of the things you need to do. E．For example，you could take your job as your hobby.
F．If stress repeatedly keeps you from sleeping，you should consult a doctor. G．Running，walking，or playing tennis are just some of the activities you might try. K (2016· 湖南省东部六校高三联考) How can I get self－motivation? When you are feeling less than motivated，it can be easy to fall behind on your work，personal life and aspirations.When this mood strikes，it is important to dig deep down and find a way to pull yourself through it to become the self －motivated person that you long to be. __1__ For example，if your final goal is to do a 5 k run，make running a half mile without stopping your first level of achievements.It doesn’t have to be achieved all at once，but little by little.When you feel that you have fully reached your first level ， move on to the next.Having an final goal，and setting steps to help you have mini achievements.__2__ get there，can
When you want to reach a certain goal，it often helps to imagine already achieving it.You may be able to be more self － motivated if you keep track of your progress.__3__ Put one picture on the top of each page，and underneath，write what you did to reach that goal.If there are too few words on the page，it may be time to step up your efforts. Special quotations can be a good way to inspire self－motivation.Find a quote that moves you and inspires you in a way that no other set of words has before.__4__
Look at it on a daily basis，and use it as a way to inspire you to be more self－ motivated. __5__ Even on days when your motivation is lacking，there are ways that you can do what you need to do.If you want to be more self－motivated，it takes a lot of sweat and drive，but it can eventually produce the results that you are longing for. A．This practice can increase your drive to keep on going. B．It is you that have to motivate yourself to achieve your goal. C．Consider setting different levels of achievements for yourself. D．If possible，turn those words into an art print and hang it in your home. E．Consider creating a journal with pictures of what you want to accomplish. F．An important way to be self－motivated is to push forward to get what you want. G．Being self－motivated can be difficult at times，but the effort usually reaps the rewards.
A (2015· 河南周口中英文学校月考)__1__ You need only to follow the bright traffic signs beside the highways and it will take you to where you wish. But to a London taxi driver，driving is not an easy job.A taxi driver has to have not only good driving skills but also a good knowledge of the city of London ，from the smallest lane(小巷) to the most popular bar around.__2__ A certain London taxi driver told of his job as follows. During the night it is quite usual for him to stop two or three times for some refreshments.He said.“I never drink when I’m working—I would lose my license.” He normally goes home between 2 and 3 o’clock in the ni ght.__3__ He said， “That’s the worst thing about working for yourself.If you don’t make the money， no one is going to give it to you.” __4__ Every summer hundreds of children from London will go for a day at the sea—by taxi! Their rides are paid by the taxi drivers，and these fares all go to the ‘London Taxi Fund for Underprivileged Children.’__5__Also a lunch party is held
there in honor of the taxi drivers and the children.After a happy day running around the sea beaches and visiting the market，the children go home again—by taxi，and free of charge，of course! A．There are always complains about taxi drivers’ bad service. B．Driving a car at high speed along a highway seems to be fun. C．Recently the working conditions for taxi drivers have greatly improved. D．London taxi drivers not only ‘take’ but also ‘give’． E．He has to be at the service of all kinds of passengers at all times. F．At the sea，they are met by the mayor. G．There are times he has to stay longer and try to make more runs. B (2015· 云南昆明质检)Are you preparing any gifts for your friends now？__1__，but choosing a proper gift can be a big headache，because it takes a lot of time and effort to think of the right gift for someone.Before you finish your list，keep these dos and don’ts in mind： ◆Do put thought into your gift. If you like something，that doesn’t mean that your friend is going to like it ， too.__2__.Don’t get him/her an ordinary gift，and reflect back on your previous conversations to see if he/she talked about a certain gift he/she had been wanting to get. ◆__3__. Make sure the gift you’re buying is appropriate for the person.For example，if you’re buying a friend a gift，remember not to overspend or personalize it too much.Take a moment to think about how your relationship is with the person before getting him/her something. ◆Do get a gift receipt (收据)． If you’re purchasing something for your friend，make sure you ask the salesperson to include a gift receipt.It’s just a polite gesture，and you know your money won’t go to waste.__4__.
◆Don’t leave the price tag (标签) on. Make sure you don’t leave the price tag on the gift and that you’re giving a gift receipt and not the original bill.__5__，and it’s not important for him/her to know anyway. A．Don’t buy an inappropriate gift B．Don’t be afraid of spending money C．Giving gifts has forever been so pleasant D．Take some time to really think about what he/she likes E．If your friend doesn’t like the gift，he/she can just exchange it F．Giving someone you care about a very special gift can be tough G．It’s not proper to let your friend know how much you spent on the gift C (2015· 河北石家庄质检二)Can’t get out of the office? Try these tips for a healthier， less stressful workday. ●__1__ For upper－body strength：Stand a yard or more away from your desk，with your feet together.Place your palms on the edge of the desk a shoulder’s width apart.Lower your chest to the edge of the desk，and push back up.Remember to breathe out on the way up.Do 20 times. ●The little mermaid(美人鱼)at work. Sit up right in your chair.Hold your right wrist over your head with your left hand and pull it，stretching your right side.Make sure to keep your shoulders down as you bend.Hold for 10 seconds.__2__Take hold of your left wrist over your head with your right hand and stretch the other way.Repeat five times on each side. ●Shoulder spin. A good move for flexibility.Sit tall in your chair and reach your left hand behind your back，between your shoulder blades(肩胛骨)，palm out.Then reach your right hand up toward the ceiling，bend it down，and try to touch your left hand.__3__Hold for 10 seconds.If not，grab onto your shirt and keep practicing.Switch arms and repeat.
●The wooden leg. For lower－body strength：Sit in your chair，extend one leg out straight in front of you and hold for two seconds.Then raise it up as high as you can，and hold it again for two seconds.__4__ ●The magic carpet ride. This works your core and arms.__5__Then place your hands on the armrests，suck in your gut (内脏 )and raise yourself a few inches above the seat using your belly muscles and hands.Hold for 10 to 20 seconds.Rest for 30 seconds.Repeat five times. A．Repeat with each leg 15 times. B．Invisible chair sit. C．Desk push ups. D．If you can reach it，great! E．Sit in your chair，legs crossed and feet on the seat. F．Return to upright posture. G．Release and raise your arms toward the ceiling again. D (2015· 宁夏银川一中月考)Today it is common to see people who walk about with colored wires hanging from their ears wherever they go.They move about in their personal bubbles，sometimes unaware of what’s happening around them.__1____ Outside life is shut out.So are you one of them? For me；walking around in my own personal bubble is perfect.__2__ What’s even better，wearing earphones seems to give a signal to people which says ，“I’m not available for chatting at the moment！” Suppose， you’re at work and about to make an incredible breakthrough ，but a colleague suddenly turns up.At this precise moment，the slightest disturbance would break your concentration.__3__ Once again，those wires hanging from your ears would be sure to give that “Go away！” signal. __4__ It’s probably part of the growing up stage when they just want to ignore their whole family.While their mothers give them lectures about why they should do their
“Yes，Mum”．Problem solved. Pretty soon，not only will we have pretty colored wires hanging from our ears，but also our brains will be directly plugged into some new high－tech instruments.We’ll be in a virtual(虚拟的) world，communicating with everyone else，or choosing not to，as we like.In this world，we will all be permanently plugged in.__5__ And they are changing our social habits along the way. In the end，there is a thin line between using technology as a tool for making life better and being a slave to it! It’s so strange—suddenly，I don’t feel like wearing my earphones anymore. A．Our instruments are changing quickly. B．I also have wires hanging from my ears. C．In the home situation，teenagers love these wires. D．I don’t have to deal with the noise from the environment. E．After all，I am listening to my favorite music and would rather not be disturbed. F ． Listening to music through earphones is the perfect way to ignore such interruptions. G ． They walk around in their own spaces ， with their personal “digital noise reduction systems”． E (2015· 河北正定中学月考)Although problems are a part of our lives，it certainly doesn’t mean that we let them rule our lives forever.One day or the other，you’ll have to stand up and say—problem，I don’t want you in my life. __1__ Problems with friends，parents，girlfriends，husbands，and children—the list goes on.Apart from these，the inner conflicts within ourselves work，too.These keep adding to our problems.Problems come in different shapes and colors and feelings. But good news is that all problems can be dealt with.Now read on to know how to solve your problems. Talk，it really helps.What most of us think is that our problem can be understood only by us and that no talking is going to help.__2__ Talking helps you move on and
let go. Write your problems.__3__ When you write down your problems，you are setting free all the tension from your system.You can try throwing away the paper on which you wrote your problems.By doing this ， imagine yourself throwing away the problems from your life. Don’t lose faith and hope.No matter what you lose in life，don’t lose faith and hope.Even if you lose all your money，family...you should still have faith.__4__ Your problems aren’t the worst.No matter what problem you get in life，there’re another one million people whose problems are huger than yours.__5__ Your problems might just seem big and worse，but in reality they can be removed. Go about and solve your problems because every problem，however big or small， always has a way out. A．But the truth is that when you talk about it ，you’re setting free the negative energies that have been gathering within you. B ． When we have a problem ， a pressing ， critical ， urgent ， life － threatening problem，how do we try and solve it? C．Tell yourself：when they can deal with them，why can’t I? D．Of course，we’ve been fighting problems ever since we were born. E．We can often overcome the problem and achieve the goal by making a direct attack. F．Having a personal diary can also be of huge help if you don’t want a real person to talk with. G．With faith and hope，you can rebuild everything that you lose.
Section 13 【高考真题演练】 1．2016 年高考真题
A 【语篇导读】 这是一篇说明文。向读者介绍了密码在生活中的作用及密码学的 三种基本类型。 1．D [考查综合分析能力。联系下一句的意思，“创设密码和破译密码总是相 伴而生的”，可以推断此处意思是 “只要有密码存在，人们总是千方百计地进 行破译”。故选 D 项。] 2．E [考查联系上下文的能力。依据接下来的举例可知，这里讲的是选取每个 单词的首字母这一方法来隐藏信息。因此答案为 E。] 3．G [考查运用语境进行推断的能力。前文已经介绍了一种设臵密码的方式， 这里又介绍了另一种。故选 G。G 项中的 another 也是解题的关键标志词。] 4．F [考查联系上下文的能力。空格前的 a code book 暗示答案可能为 F 项，通 过验证，两句意思通顺自然，衔接紧密。故答案为 F。] 5．A [考查综合分析能力。由下文中的“also hard”二词可知答案非 A 莫属。] B 【语篇导读】 这是一篇说明文。主要介绍的是如何做园艺，让美丽的花园给我 们带来美好的视觉享受。 1．F [本题考查联系上下文的能力。根据前面的 Have you ever visited a garden that seemed just right for you 可知，你是否参观过一个美丽的花园，再结合后面 的 It starts with looking inside yourself 可知，故 F 项“你也可以把自己的花园弄得 这么漂亮”符合语境。] 2．A [本题考查综合分析能力。根据后面的 there are a number of other reasons that might explain why you want to garden 可知，这一部分主要说明的是首先要弄 清楚从事园艺的原因。故 A 项与之相符。] 3．E [ 本题考查综合分析能力。前两句谈到有些人认为花园只是一些花花草
同看法。故 E 项“还有其他人只是喜欢在户外接触植物”与上下文一致。] 4．C [ 本题考查运用语境进行推断的能力。根据前面的 that’s not what’s
important 可知，这里强调的是在园艺中对我们来说真正重要的是什么。故 C 项 “重要的是我们搞园艺的经历”符合上下文语境。] 5．G [本题考查综合分析能力。这里介绍的是自己弄一个花园，要回忆一下年 轻时所看到的那些花园，并把这些花园的优点写下来，然后制定计划并去践 行。故 G 项与上下文一致。] C 【语篇导读】 本文是一篇说明文，主要讲述了吃鱼对人的好处以及挑选鱼和做 鱼的方法。 1．G [根据该空内容的前一句和后面的 but 可知该空内容应是吃鱼的好处，故 判断 G 选项符合语境。] 2．D [根据后面的解释内容可以判断此句起到承上启下的作用，故判断 D 选项 符合语境。] 3．F [根据后面的解释内容可以判断此处应该填选鱼的方法，故 F 选项符合语 境。] 4．A [此句是对上文的一个总结，根据因果关系，故选 A 选项。] 5．B [根据空前内容可知此处应填做鱼的方法，故 B 选项符合语境。] D 【语篇导读】 本文为说明文。主要探讨了为什么某些人喜欢冒险，它们冒险的 动机是什么等。 1．F [根据空前面的“weigh the risk and the reward”可以看出和 F 项中的“weigh risks and rewards”对应，同时 F 项与空格前面的一句话之间是转折关系，句意 衔接紧密，故选 F。] 2．C [根据空前面的“better at hunting，fishing，or exploring”可以看出和 C
项中的“Being better at those things”相呼应。故选 C 项。] 3．A [空格前第二句中出现 character types 与 A 选项中的 character 相对应；空 格前一句中的 you 与选项中的 your 在人称上保持一致，空格前一句中动词 love 与 hate 和 A 选项中的 depends on 保持对应，故选 A 项。]
4．E [空格前一句出现了 teenager years 与 E 选项当中的 this 相对，另外 E 选 项当中提到 move away from family into the bigger world 也是对空格前一句中的 teenager years 的解释。故选 E 项。] 5．G [空格后一句中提及 pleasure 和 fear，是从正反两方面进行对比，对应 G 项中的 differently，再根据空格后一句中出现的 risk－seeker，brain，us 等词与选 项 G 中的 nervous situation，our brains 相对应，故选 G 项。] 2．经典高考真题 A 【语篇导读】 这是一篇议论文。信任是来源于人们以往经历的一种非天生行
为。但有时它也会带来风险。当我们失去对别人的信任时，该如何重新获得 呢？本文向前读者介绍了几点实用的做法。 1．B [本题考查综合分析能力。前句讲的是信任是人们从过去的经历中学来的 一种行为。本空在此基础上做进一步的说明，即信任就是依赖某人。故答案选 B。] 2．E [本题考查联系上下文的能力。本段的主要内容是，人们由于遭受欺骗或 受到误导等而倍感受伤，不能忍受此类事情再次发生，从而就不再相信任何 人。E 项中的 they 与前句中的 people 相对应，且与下句“It’s understandable.”衔 接自然，文意相通。故答案为 E。] 3．A [ 本题考查联系上下文的能力。后面一句是对空格的解释和说明。其中
“Having confidence in yourself”与 A 项中的 trust yourself 意义相近。因此答案选 A。] 4．C [本题考查综合分析能力。通读本段可知其大意是：一旦遭到背叛，你就
成为客观环境的受害者，但作为一名受害者和以受害者的身份去生活是不同 的。所选答案应当包含关键词 victim。由此可知答案为 C。] 5．G [ 本题考查运用语境进行推断的能力。本段的内容围绕主题句 “You
didn’t lose everything.”展开。一旦失去了信任，就要将目光放在仍然拥有的一 切上面，对生活中美好的人或事心存感激。通过这一次的经历，给谅解和自身 的成长提供足够的空间才是正确的做法。因此答案为 G 。另外，空格之后的 Instead 一词对解答本题有明显的提示作用。] B
【语篇导读】 这篇短文向读者介绍了马拉松训练之前要做的准备工作，包括跑 鞋的挑选和注意事项，也给出了每日训练里程的建议。 1. C [本题考查综合分析能力。马拉松训练需要精心准备，且要按照循序渐进
的原则增加跑步里程。而空格之后的购买鞋子的事宜也是准备工作的一部分， 需要提前做好。故答案选 C。] 2．E [本题考查联系上下文的能力。由上句可知，找到合适的鞋子之后穿上几 天，以确认一下是否合适。 E 项承接这一内容，若仍然感觉舒适，跑步时就可 以穿上。] 3．A [本题考查联系上下文的能力。由“to take a day off to rest”可知，在第一 周时，要留出一天的休息时间。因此 A 项与语境相吻合。] 4．D [本题考查综合分析能力。前文谈论的是跑步里程的问题，选项 D 与此相 对应。关键词 a half 有助于锁定 D 项为正确答案。] 5．G [本题考查运用语境进行推断的能力。本段开始论述的是前两周的跑步里 程，空格前面一句说的是时间问题，而选项 G 中的 distance 和 time 恰好与这两 个话题相关联。因此答案为 G。] C 【语篇导读】 发。 1．B [第一段具体列举“白日梦”在大众印象中的有哪些弊端。选项在文章前 后句中起到段内逻辑连接的作用。故选 B。] 2．C C。] 3．E [本选项中的 it 指代前句的 Feeling safe and relaxed，解题线索显而易见， 故选 E。] 4．A [本段主要讲了如何避免不合时宜的白日梦，选项中的 also 为提示词。故 选 A。] 5．G [本选项中有逻辑词 therefore 可作为解题线索之一，空前主要讲了精彩的 想法随时都会出现，所以带一个笔记本或录音机以便随时记录是一个好主意。 故选 G。] D [ 本段话主要说明白日梦其实有很多好处，选项前后是顺承关系，故选 本文主要介绍了“白日梦”现象事实上有助于创造性思维的开
【语篇导读】 本文关于怎样分析信息及信息来源的可靠性。 1．G [通过整体把握，可以发现文章是“总分总”的结构，第一段与最后一段 是开头和总结，而中间的段落便是作者提出的建议。因此第一段末的句子应该 起到统领下文各条建议的作用，故答案是 G。] 2．D [本段的关键词是 the original source，作者建议要认真考虑研究的内容， 并能检测判断这些内容是否科学，故此处答案是 D，the original research 同 the original source 相对应。] 3．F [本段与 misleading language“误导性的语言”相关，故答案是 F，要知道 作者也许会错误地传递信息，所以为了完全了解这些信息，要仔细阅读或者倾 听。] 4．B [空格前提到的 advertisements 和 B 选项中的 an ad 是对应的。] 5．A [本段说朋友和家人可能也会提供很多的建议和想法，但是我们每个人都 应该找到适合自己的，故与选项 A 表达的意思是相同的，即要做出适合自己的 决定。] E 【语篇导读】 本文讲述了如何帮孩子发展他们的技能。
1．D [根据“By helping them...what the future holds”可知这里叙述的是帮助孩子 发展其技能，所以上句应该是应该怎样帮助他们为将来的工作做好准备。故选 D。] 2．A [根据“What ingredients can we add to...and try them out”可知这里叙述的是 做煎饼时添加什么配料会更好，所以上句应该是鼓励孩子和你一起做饭。故选 A。] 3．C [根据“True creativity is the ability to...from it.”可知这里叙述的是根据现存
事物创造新事物。所以后面应该是我们可以提供给孩子机会使他们尝试创新。 故选 C。] 4．F [根据下文“Why do you think...？”和“Can you tell how...？”以及“If someone were...？”可知这里是问孩子怎样判断人的情感，所以上文应该是我们 在真实生活中以及在听故事时要问这样的问题。故选 F。] 5．G [根据下文“There are many ways to express...”可知这里叙述的是有许多方
法可以表达自己的想法和观点，所以上文应该是用一种有意义的方式交流观点 和想法是非常珍贵的技能，故选 G。] F 【语篇导读】 本文讲述如何保持眼睛健康。 1．B [从空的下一句 Experts advise parents to bring babies 6 to 12 months of age to the doctor for a careful check.可以看出视力应从娃娃抓起。] 2．C [本段内容是说戴太阳镜防止紫外线伤害眼睛的问题。无论在什么季节，
戴太阳镜十分重要，他们可以保护你的眼睛，和上句为承接关系，因此选 C。] 3．G [上句提到：三分之二的美国人每天使用电脑或其他电子产品的时间多达 七个小时，下一句应自然是：这种频繁的用眼运动增加了视力疲劳的风险， G 项为最佳答案。] 4．A [本题应是本段的中心句。从下文提及的健康饮食，多吃水果、蔬菜可以 推知 A 项正确。] 5．F [本段讲的是正确配戴隐形眼镜的问题。要听从医生建议，恰当配戴，否
则，也许会有红眼病，眼疼或者更加严重的眼部疾病，故 F 正确。] G 【语篇导读】 本文是一篇说明文。主要介绍了在忙碌的生活中怎样享受烹调的 乐趣的几条具体建议，如提前做好规划、一次多做点以及尝试一些新鲜的做法 等。 1． B [ 考查上下文衔接。作者在文章开头部分介绍了人们不太经常做饭的原
因。有能力、时间和金钱等原因。然后空后面介绍了金钱和时间原因。只余下 “能力”原因。故 B 项正确。] 2．G [考查段落大意。根据本段开头“Think ahead”告诉人们提前计划，做好准 备，这样做饭就不是件痛苦的事了。故 G 正确。] 3．C [ 考查上下文衔接。本段讲到要让时间花得更值。空前说到 “Are you
making one loaf of bread？”空后说到“It takes around the same time...something.” 所以空中应该是“要做三、四个”才能起到承上启下的作用。故 C 项正确。] 4．A [考查段落主题句。本段中提到要多尝试新的菜谱和想法，这样做饭的能 力就会提高，故 A 项正确。]
面又提到“不要因为紧张的时间安排而不能去享受生活 ”。所以空中应该是让 做饭成为一种快乐而不是负担。故 F 正确。] 【模拟试题精练】 1．2016 年模拟试题 A 【语篇导读】 本文主要介绍了让送礼物变得更加有意义的方法和策略。 1．A [根据语境可知，上下文表示逻辑上的转折关系，所以选 A 项。] 2．E [由本段标题“1.Know the person”和本段的整体内容可推知，了解对方，
那么送的礼物就会迎合对方的心意，所以选 E 项。cater to 意为“迎合”。] 3．F [ 根 据 本 段 标 题 “2.Donate in their name” 和 文 中 的 “charity － related
happiness”可知，选 F 项。] 4．C [根据本段标题“3.Give handmade goods or hand－me－downs”可推知，
从商店里买的新礼物并不一定是最好的，手工制作的东西会显得更有爱，所以 选 C 项。] 5．B [根据下文的“People who receive experiential gifts，such as concert tickets or a zoo membership，feel more connected to the gift giver than people who received material gifts”可知，让收礼物的人去体验比送实物的效果更好，所以选 B 项。] B 【语篇导读】 本文主要介绍了一些培养创造力的技巧。 1．E [根据空后的“The following tips are a great beginning for developing our creativity” 可知，事实上，我们是天生有创造力的，问题是如何开发这些创造 力，所以选 E 项。] 2．F [根据上下文的“Break out of your usual patterns”“to recognize patterns”和“a collection of patterns”可知，应选 F 项。] 3．D [ 根据空前的一句和空后的 “ Interrupt your routine ， experiment and try
something new”可推知，我们应有所创新，打破常规，因此选 D 项。] 4．A [根据下文的“The difference between a dreamer and a doer is action”可知， 有了梦想后，最重要的是要立即行动，所以选 A 项。]
5．G [根据上文中的“Having a great idea is not enough; you must work to make it a reality”与下文中的“The difference between a dreamer and a doer is action”可知， 应选 G 项，G 项起承上启下的作用。] C 【语篇导读】 本文介绍了一本书。如何有效地阅读这本书？作者提出了几点建 议。 1．D [由空后的“Each session may...”可知，选 D，把每个章节分成几部分。] 2．F [根据本段所讲可知，每个人学习的进度不同，关键不是花多少时间，而
是产生了什么样的结果。故选 F“不要急，按自己的速度进行”。] 3．A [根据上文可知，本段讲的是如何复习，A 项“一天下来你是很快地能回 忆起来还是几乎忘光了”承接上文。故选 A。] 4．C [根据空前的“You are not aiming for a grade...”可知，C 项“相反，你是在
发现自己的弱项 ” 与上文构成转折关系，与下文 “ 你就能决定在哪里进行弥 补”衔接自然。故选 C。] 5．G [根据空前的“No one is perfect，and no one learns...as anyone else”可 知，G 项“找到适合自己的方法”承接上文。故选 G。] D 【语篇导读】 没有人知道人在变老时的变化，饮食、锻炼等是决定健康的因
素。许多人认为，人的后半生是人生的黄金时间，所以不要为衰老而恐惧。 1．G [根据与空前一句“No one really knows how and why people change as they get older”可知，选 G 项。G 项中的“the changes of the aging process”与空前一句 中的“change as they get older”对应。] 2．C [根据空处上一句中的“our body systems will begin to weaken”可知，在我
们生命的某一时刻，我们的身体将开始变得衰弱；结合 C 项中的关键词“become weaker”可以判断，选 C 项。] 3．B [根据空后的“A good diet plays an important role.The amount and the type of exercise we get are another two factors”可知，本段主要介绍了决定健康的几个因 素，故选 B 项。] 4．A [根据空前的“another two factors”可知，选 A 项，说明另一个决定健康的
因素。] 5．E [根据空后的一句“Many consider the later part of life to be the best time for living”可知，许多人认为人的后半生是人生的最佳时间；据此可以判断，变老 并没有什么可怕的，故 E 项正确。] E 【语篇导读】 本文主要介绍了关于健康睡眠的信息。 1．G [根据上下文，前一句提到“从孩童时代开始，我们就知道每天晚上至少 需要 8 小时的睡眠”，后一句的回答是并没有很多，所以应该填 G，但是我们中 有多少人真正睡够了时间？] 2．A [根据下文，下文是一些建议，所以此处需要一个承上启下的句子，故选 A。] 3．F [上文说，很多人喜欢深夜吃东西，然后饱腹睡觉。后文说，当你睡觉的
时候，你的身体一直在工作吸收你吃进去的食物。所以根据上下文的意思，选 F，这样入睡你不能得到好好地休息。] 4．D [上文说，有的人熬夜的时候效率高，下文说测试一下自己到底哪种选择 更适合你。所以根据上下文的意思，此处应该选 D，有的人早起精力更充沛。] 5．C [后文提到 routine，habit。所以选择 C，把睡觉变成一种习惯。] F 【语篇导读】 这是一篇议论文。能够帮助英语初学者背词有四个技巧：把发音 和背单词相结合，使用联想法背单词，形象化背单词法以及付诸于实际行动。 1．E [上文说英语初学者在背单词时遇到障碍，下文又提出了一些帮助其背单 词的技巧，因此此处应为转折句，即背单词并没有那么困难。] 2．B [整个第三段的后面都是在讲读出发音对于背单词的重要性，因此第三段 的第一句话应是作者具体的建议：背单词时应把发音读出来。] 3．G 用。] 4．F [结合本段的上下文，可以得出不要一个单词一个单词地背，要善于将所 [ 结合上下文我们可以得出本段的大意是读出发音对于背单词的重要作
学的单词联系起来。因此答案为 F。] 5．A [从本段第一句话“Learning English words requires action.”即可看出作者号
召英语初学者付诸于实际行动。由此可知 A 为正确答案。] G 【语篇导读】 本文介绍了如何才能帮助青少年作出正确的决定。 1．F [不擅长作决定的青少年很普遍，家长希望他们的孩子做一个有责任心的
青少年应该做的事情，所以选 F 项 “因此，用解决问题的策略引导他们很重 要”。] 2．G [通过犯一些小而无害的错误，比如最近形成的粗心消费的习惯，青少年 通过自我改正学到了良好的决策技能。G 项“下一次，在作出购买决定时他更 可能三思”符合语境。故选 G。] 3．A [当你强调你不同意他的决定或你认为他的观点不正当时，告诉你的孩子 你理解他的决定，所以 A 项“表现出宽容”符合语境。故选 A。] 4．C [根据本段的主题句“Set clear expectations”及下文的例子可知，选 C“指
出你的期望和孩子的责任”。] 5．D [根据空前的一句可知选 D 项“如果你的孩子实现了他的承诺，那就允许 他做他自己想做的事情”。] H 【语篇导读】 本文关于如何正确处理电子邮件。 1．A [ 根据空格上句：自从九十年代早期我就一直上网。再根据第二段第一
句：答案是：yes 和 no.可知此处表达的意思是：那时间被花费的好吗？可知选 A。] 2． B [ 根据上句 “ 我一直都能够很舒适地和我很遥远的家人、朋友和同事联
系”可知此空表达的是：正是因为这个原因使我继续上网。可知选 B。] 3．D [根据下句“每次一个信息到达，都很可能包含着令人兴奋的、新的、特 殊的事情，一个新的机会”可知上句的意思是：我们都承认，电子邮件有其令 人上瘾的一面。故选 D。] 4．F [根据下句“那足够让我一直检查我的邮箱”可知上句：或许 100 个邮件 中有一个包含了我真正想知道的东西。故选 F。] 5．G [根据上句：频繁的网上信息当然会影响我们真正的工作。在根据空格后 一句：像其他潜在的成瘾一样，我们应该尽量在特定的时候去核对邮箱。可知
此处的意思是：意识到电子邮件对我们的时间分配才能重新获得控制的第一 步。故选 G。] I 【语篇导读】 本文就“减肥”提出了几点建议。 1． G [根据空前一句 “减掉几磅肉你会激动吗？ ”可知， G 项 “如果那样的
话，你必须想办法把激动变成决心”承接上文，符合语境。故选 G。] 2．E [本段讲述了要进行详细的咨询。空前一句提到要尽可能多问问题，E 项 “熟悉情况会帮你为自己选择最好的饮食”承接上文，符合语境。故选 E。] 3．D [本段讲述了要制定现实的目标。根据空后一句“不要用不现实的目标给 自己增加负担”可知，D 项“每周减掉一至两磅肉是现实的目标”引出下文， 符合语境。故选 D。] 4．A [根据下文的“To maintain your weight，you must balance your intake of calories with the energy you burn”可知，本段讲的是摄入与消耗的热量要均衡。 A 项“保持均衡”统领本段，符合语境。故选 A。] 5．B [根据本段第一句“每周称体重”和空前一句“天天称体重不会给你呈现 大变化”可知，B 项“一周称一次即可”承接上文，与本段开头对应，符合语 境。故选 B。] J 【语篇导读】 本文主要介绍了缓解紧张焦虑的几种方式。 1．G [根据小标题 Try physical activity.可知，跑步，走路，打羽毛球都属于身 体运动的范畴。] 2．F [根据上文 If you easily get angry and cannot sleep well enough, 可知，应选 F 项。] 3．B [根据下文 play can be just as important as work 可知，要劳逸结合，应选 B 项。] 4．D [根据下文 Instead, make a list of everything you have to do，可知，要把需 要完成的事情列成清单，应选 D 项。] 5．C [C 项在文中起承上启下的作用。] K
本处选“考虑为自己设臵不同水平的目标”，符合语境。故选 C。] 2．A [由前一句“有了终极目标并一步一步地去实现它，这能够让你取得一些 小的成就”可知，本处选“这种做法会增加你前进的动力”顺承上文，符合语 境。故选 A。] 3．E [根据空后一句中的“one picture”可知，E 项符合语境。] 4．D [本段讲述了用格言激励自己。D 项“可能的话，把这些格言变成艺术字 悬挂在你家里”与下文“每天看它来激励自己”衔接，符合语境。故选 D。] 5．G [最后一段进行总结。G 项“有时自我激励会很难，但是努力通常会有回 报”与下文的“最终会有你想要的结果”呼应，符合语境。故选 G。] 2．经典模拟试题 A 【语篇导读】 本文主要介绍了伦敦出租车司机的工作，他们必须对伦敦这座城 市有很好的了解，还要服务于各种各样的人，每年夏天还要免费带一些家庭贫 困的孩子去海边玩。 1．B [根据该空后一句中的 beside the highways 可推知 B 最为合适，既符合语 意又对应了 highway。] 2．E [因为该空所在段落(第二段)主要概述伦敦的司机并不轻松。而七个选项
中，只有 E“ 他们必须随时为各种各样的乘客服务 ” 体现了他们工作的不容 易，故正确答案为 E。] 3．G [前句讲述的是他们通常工作到很晚，其后讲述的是对于他们来讲，最糟 糕的是没有乘客(挣不到钱)，那么该处讲的就是他们挣钱不容易。这就对应了 G 选项中的“他们不得不熬到更晚些并且尽力地多跑些”。] 4．D [ 该句在文章中承上启下，同时也是该段的中心句。根据该段中 Their
rides are paid by the taxi drivers...及．..and free of charge 可知，该空所在的段落讲 述的是司机们的奉献(give), 故正确答案为 D。] 5．F [根据该空的后一句中的 Also 表明所填的句子讲述的也是对司机免费带贫 困的孩子去海边玩的褒奖，故正确答案为 F。] B
【语篇导读】 本文是一篇说明文，主要介绍的是如何解决送礼物这一令人头痛 的事。 1．C [考查句际关系。根据后面的 but choosing...可知，这句话的意思是“送礼
物永远是愉快的，但选择礼物却是非常令人头痛的一件事”。] 2．D [考查句际关系。根据主题句 Put your thought into your gift，再结合关键 词 like，want to get 可知，“花点时间认真考虑一下他或她喜欢什么”符合语 境。] 3．A [考查主旨句。根据关键词 appropriate 及段意可知，本段谈论的是“不要 买不合适的礼物”。] 4．E [考查总结句。根据主题句 Do get a gift receipt 及段意可知，“如果你的 朋友不喜欢，可以更换”符合语境。] 5．G [考查句际关系。根据关键词 price tag 可知，“让你的朋友知道价格是不 合适的”符合语境。] C 【语篇导读】 本文是一篇说明文，上班时间没法离开办公室？那就试试这些办 公室运动，让你的工作日压力少一点，健康多一点。 1．C [考查主旨句。根据段落内容可知，本段谈论的是“桌上俯卧撑”。]
2．F [考查句际关系。根据前面的 Make your shoulders down as you bend.Hold for 10 seconds.可知，“回到向上的姿势”符合语境。] 3．D [考查句际关系。根据主题句 Shoulder spin 及后面的 Then reach your right hand up toward the ceiling，bend it down，and try to touch your left hand 可知， “如果能够着，那好极了”符合语境。] 4．A [考查总结句。根据主题句 The wooden leg 及后面的内容可知，“每条腿 重复 15 次”符合语境。] 5．E [考查句际关系。根据主题句 the magic carpet ride 及 This works your core and arms(这个运动可以锻炼到你的躯干和手臂)可知，“交叉双腿，盘坐在椅子 上，然后把手放在椅子扶手上”符合语境。] D 【语篇导读】 当今随处可见带着耳机的青少年，他们沉浸在自己的世界里，与
外界隔绝。戴耳机有很多好处，可以省去很多打扰和麻烦。科技改变了人们的 生活习惯，本来是为了使生活更美好，但人们似乎在逐渐成为它们的奴隶。 1．G [“他们在各自的空间活动，戴着他们自己的数码音乐产生系统 (耳机)”
符合语境，既承接了上文的内容，又很好地体现了下文“外界是被关闭的”这 一句话。故选 G。] 2．D [根据语境作者认为在自己的世界中生活是很不错的，戴着耳机对于别人 来说是一个信号，告诉他们自己目前不想讲话。 D 选项 “ 无需应对外界的声 音”也属于带耳机的好处之一，符合语境。] 3．F [根据语境可知当你在集中精力做一件事情而且不被打扰的时候，你耳朵
上的耳机会给周围的人“走开，请勿打扰”的暗示。F 选项“用耳机听音乐就 是一个很好的忽视那些打扰的方法”符合语境，而且其中 earphones 和划线部分 后文中的 those wires hanging from your ears 相对应。] 4．C [根据后文中的 their whole family，their mothers 可知，这一段主要讲戴耳
机在家里的好处。C 选项中的 the home situation 和这一段内容对应。] 5． A [根据划线部分后文“它们也在改变着我们的生活方式 ” 可知， A 选项
Our instruments are changing quickly“我们的设备在快速变化”符合语境。our instruments 与后文的 they 相对应。] E 【语篇导读】 本文中作者主要介绍了如何处理生活中遇到的问题，比如，要取 得别人的帮助，要有信心，碰到问题不要灰心泄气等。 1．D [根据第一段 you’ll have to stand up and say—problem，I don’t want you in my life. 和第二段 Problems with friends ， parents ， girlfriends ， husbands ， and children—the list goes on.可知，问题伴随一个人的一生，D 项“当然，自从我们 出生的那一刻起，我们就在和麻烦作斗争 ” 起到了衔接上下文的作用，故选 D。] 2．A [根据本段中 What most of us think is that our problem can be understood only by us and that no talking is going to help.(大多数人都会认为，自己的问题只 有自己能够解决，说出来也没有用。)而 A 项内容是强调把问题说出来能够释放 内心积压的消极情绪，表示一种转折，选 A。]
3．F [本段的建议是人们可以通过写日记来排解内心的紧张，而 F 选项 Having a personal diary can also be of huge help if you don’t want a real person to talk with. 内容符合语境，而且 diary 是信息词。] 4．G [本段强调的是无论何时都不要失去信念和希望，而 G 选项 With faith and hope，you can rebuild everything that you lose 也是告诫人们只要有信念和希望， 就能重建生活。] 5．C [本段讲的是自己遇到的问题不会比他人的严重。而 C 项“告诉自己：他