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Book3 Unit 1--5 单词短语练习


Book 3 Unit 1----Unit5 单词短语练习
----Dong Huamin

Book3 Unit 1 Festivals around the world
一、单词拼写 根据语境和汉语提示用本单元的单词补全句中所缺单词。 1. She dreamt of establishing a career and having some financial _______(独立). 2. It ________(提醒) me of one of my experiences that happened several years ago. 3. It is my _______(信念)that God help those who help themselves. 4. So the tip for the day: Tell those around you how much you _______(钦佩)them or appreciate their efforts. 5. Since Mo Yan, the first Chinese in history, won the Nobel Prize for literature, he has become world famous and his books have gained an increase in ______(全世界的)sales. 二、句子完形 根据语境选择最佳选项。 1. The children lit the candles in ______of their teacher who died in the earthquake trying to protect his students from the unexpected falling ceiling. A. celebration B. memory C. danger D. weep 2. Our beloveds hold great importance for us and this makes these people a source of both great happiness and deep______; they can bring us laughter and joy, but they can also bring us tears and pain. A. sadness B. regret C. apology D. devotion 3. The ______ is to put yourself in their shoes and see the world from their perspective. If you could do that, you will certainly gain their appreciation. A. custom B. response C. trick D. instrument 4. The reason why the jazz singer was in a state of great excitement tonight was that he was honored with a(n)______for excellence in his performance and he proved to be an overnight success. A. fame B. instrument C. award D. reward 5. Driven by starvation, he started stealing food from the shop, in the mistaken ______that he would not be discovered. A. religion B. security C. prediction D. belief 三、完成句子 根据语境和汉语提示完成英文句子。 1. It is amazing that great changes______(发生)in the rural areas in the last two decades. 2. The best way is________________(屏住呼吸)and pretend to be dead when you come across a bear in the forest. 3. He came to me ________(相信)I could help him and be relied on. 4. Celebrating the Dragon Boat Festival will __________(使我们想起)the great poet, Qu Yuan. 5. He apologized for having parked the car in her garage__________(未经许可). 6. 很明显,这位美人与这个幽默的留着长胡子的音乐家交情很好。 ________________________the little beauty is on familiar terms with the humorous
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musician with a long beard. 7. 最有经验、 最有益的老师是那些不仅教我们知识而且还是教我们如何获得知识的人。 The most experienced and helpful teachers are _____________________ can not only offer us knowledge but also tell us the way how to_______________________________. 8.他的房间到处都是各种不同的图书,看上去仿佛是个小图书馆。 His room, filled with all kinds of books here and there, _____________it is a small library. 9. 他们一获得许可就马上出发去灾区。 On getting the __________________________, they _____________the disaster-hit area. 10. 发现梦想破灭了, 这个百万富翁借酒消愁。 _____________________the wing of his dream broken, the millionaire___________in alcohol.

Unit 2 Healthy eating
一、单词拼写 根据语境和汉语提示用本单元的单词补全句中所缺单词。 1. We need to strike a ______(平衡)between the needs of the community and the rights of the individual. 2. A little girl was weeping painfully in front of the gravestone. Out of ______ (好奇心) , he asked her the origin of the grave. 3. Some books are to be tasted; others are to be swallowed, and some are to be chewed and ______(消化). 4. Avoid stress foods and cut down on sugar and salt. In addition, you ought to do some relaxation exercise like yoga and jogging , which is of great ______(好处) to human health. 5. There is no geographical dividing line between happiness and suffering, ______(长处) and weakness. 二、句子完形 根据语境选择最佳选项。 1. Limited as preparation time was, his face and movements rarely betrayed a ______ of nerves. A. sigh B. necessity C. flavor D. sign 2. It’s important to know your own strengths and ______. A. strength B. admiration C. weakness D. limitation 3. ______ can get huge discounts by making reservations in advance. A. Performers B. Hunters C. Consultants D. Customers 4. If you are ______ about the origin of the holiday Halloween, just ask Tom, who is quite familiar with the customs in the western world. A. curious B. religious C. energetic D. weak 5. There is little time left, so the chairman asked me to ______ my speech to 10 minutes. A. gather B. forgive C. limit D. balance 三、完成句子 根据语境和汉语提示完成英文句子。 1. Sometimes, ______(说谎)is not necessarily harmful, for example, white lies. 2. The best thing to do with your weight problem is to limit yourself to 1,000 calories a day to try to ______(减肥). 3. He had a burning desire ______(赢回)his father’s love and confidence. 4. He pretended to be ill and skipped school, but he didn’t ______(逃脱惩罚). 5. ______(你我都不)am so energetic as to stay up all night watching movies.
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6. 我想没有什么比失去一个忠实的朋友更令人痛苦的了。 I think nothing is ______than losing a devoted friend. 7. 现在我们国家已经非常关注保持经济发展和环境间的平衡了。 Now our country has paid much attention to ______ between economic development and environment. 8. 我不允许你那样搞恶作剧。 I won’t have you ______ like that. 9. 有了医生的帮助,我就能够把体重减轻,又变得苗条起来。 ______, I could lose my weight and become slim again. 10. Tom 一定跟他道歉过并得到原谅,因为他们在那边有说有笑的,玩得开心得很呢! Tom __________ him and got his forgiveness, for they are having fun there, talking and laughing merrily.

Unit 3 The Million Pound Bank Note
一、单词拼写 根据语境和汉语提示用本单元的单词补全句中所缺单词。 1. The ______ (作者) of the food book strongly recommends that everyone have a balanced diet and take in proper amount of nutrition every day. 2. His patience and determination as well as his perseverance ______(解释;导致)for his unbelievable success years later. 3. People can easily ______ (认出,发现)Yao Ming in the crowd of sportsmen because he is especially tall. 4. Having no money with him, he had to earn his ______(船费) by doing jobs on the ship. 5. We thought it was a ______(真的)antique, but it turned out to be a fake. 二、句子完形 根据语境选择最佳选项。 1. We are supposed to dress up as movie characters for the party. What a______idea! A. energetic B. adventurous C. novel D. curious 2. Seeing the happy ______ of children playing together there, I’m reminded of the joyful childhood of my own. A. scene B. spot C. manner D. sign 3. He doesn’t like to take pains; he just loves to take a ______ on everything. A. discount B. chance C. balance D. bet 4. Do not ______ the child to make too much noise, get out of the chair, or run around the restaurant because it is not safe and is unfair to other customers. A. permit B. limit C. trick D. forgive 5. That leaves me with the belief that miracles, no matter how mysterious or ______, are real and can occur without regard to the natural order of things. A. curious B. original C. unbelievable D. adventurous 三、完成句子 根据语境和汉语提示完成英文句子。 1. A poor woman dressed______(衣衫褴褛)and shaking with cold was struggling on a lonely road, while the merciless rain was beating her without pause. 2. When wandering in the strange city, he met one of his old classmates ______(偶然). 3. The businessman put ______(一大笔钱)in the envelope carelessly. 4. Once you are determined to cut down on smoking, ______(绝不)should you give up
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halfway. 5. ______(关于)the water pollution, the local government has taken action to deal with it and before long you will find the river clean again. 6.不管我们做什么,我们应该顾及到国家的利益。 ______, we ought to take into account the interests of the state. 7. 与许多人想象的正相反,这位毕业生来这儿不是为了追求名誉与金钱,而是为了追 求生命的真正价值。 ______what many people thought, the graduate came here not to _____________________ or money but the true value of life. 8. 确实, 为了还清债务这些年他们日夜不停地工作,这就是他们为什么看起来很苍老 的原因了。 Indeed, they worked hard day and night these years in the hope of paying off all their debts, _____________________their aged look. 9. 众所周知,吃太多脂肪和含糖食品容易使人变胖。 ___________________eating too much fat and sugary food makes one put on weight easily. 10. 李医生建议我多吃膳食纤维, 避免无限制地吃含糖小食。 _______________________Doctor Li ______________advises me to add more fiber to my diet and avoid eating sugary desserts without limits.

Unit 4 Astronomy: the science of stars
一、单词拼写 根据语境和汉语提示用本单元的单词补全句中所缺单词。 1. There is no doubt that fake and inferior products are extremely ______(有害的). 2. ______ (困惑的)about what made the earth’s atmosphere, he turned to his geography teacher for help. 3. Viruses tend to be good at surviving when a computer system ______ (崩溃). 4. It was the third time that an exceptionally ______ (猛烈的) tornado had struck the city in 14 years. 5. According to the ______ (理论)of relativity, nothing can travel faster than light. 二、句子完型 根据语境选择最佳选项。 1. Air pollution is a ______problem and has been the subject of global cooperation and conflict. A. fundamental B. rude C. unbelievable D. global 2. The five-year old girl had a ________look on her face when I explained to her how the universe came into existence. Obviously, the “Big Bang” theory was quite beyond her. A. gentle B. puzzled C. genuine D. curious 3. The children grew up in a(n) ______ of violence and insecurity. A. atmosphere B. manner C. scene D. presence 4. We will ______ for these good-natured, cute animals; we will cheer even more for the rise in our environmental awareness. A. cheer B. scream C. seek D. bet 5. Friendships ______ joys and divide sadness. A. exist B. permit C. multiply D. lessen 三、完成句子 根据语境和汉语提示完成英文句子。 1. An exceptionally big fire ______(爆发)at midnight, Luckily, firefighters arrived just
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______(及时)for the rescue. 2. Atmosphere ______(挡住)a large amount of harmful light from the space. 3. ______(既然)we have finished the design, the company, ______(轮到), will do the construsction. 4. ______(在全球范围内),AIDS may well become the leading cause of infant death. 5. He, as well as his sister, ______(被抚养)in the mountain area where education facilities are far from satisfactory. 6. 建议采取措施来阻止工厂排放有害气体。 ______measures should be taken to prevent factories from discharging harmful gases into the air. 7. 地球变暖是否加剧取决于我们的活动是否产生更多的二氧化碳。 Whether the global warming will become more serious ______our activities ill produce more carbon dioxide. 8. 大部分证据被毁了,不可能证明这种食物是有毒的了。 Most of the evidence is destroyed, ______ to prove that the food is harmful. 9. 证人的描述太难以置信,没有任何实际价值。 The witness’s descriptions were ______ unbelievable ______ be of any real value. 10. 没有什么比得上一句诚心的问候更令人愉快了。 There is nothing ______ as a cheerful word of greeting.

Unit 5 Canada—“The True North”
一、单词拼写 根据语境和汉语提示用本单元的单词补全句中所缺单词。 1. After working ______ (在国外)for several years, he wants to settle sown to a permanent job in his own country. 2. Children of ______(富裕的)families, those born with a silver spoon in their mouths , are believed to be less fit to deal with difficulties. 3. China is a ______(多元文化的)country, with more than fifty ethnic groups living together. 4. The good climate and breathtaking ______(景色)make Hawaii a world-class resort. 5. After swimming for two hours at sea, I saw a ship in the ______ (距离,远处)and increased my pace to reach it. 二、句子完形 根据语境选择最佳选项。 1. The recent airplane crash ______ my belief that stronger safety regulations are needed. A. multiplies B. impresses C. exists D. confirms 2. Robert was delighted to see me and equally ______ with my little gift. A. terrified B. puzzled C. pleased D. impressed 3. We must ensure the project is of advantage to the ______ community and does not just benefit a few individuals. A. broader B. wealthier C. gentler D. ruder 4. The ______ you make at the beginning of an interview is very important, because employers often judge you by your appearance, attitude and manners and decide to hire someone in the first three minutes of the interview. A. impression B. location C. reaction D. presence 5. As we all know, life, more often than not, is a ______ of happiness and sorrow, challenge
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and opportunity. A. topic B. mixture C. mass D. chain 三、完成句子 根据语境和汉语提示完成英文句子。 1. Xu Shanduo’s wonderful performance has inspired many people to believe that happiness in life is ______(人人伸手可及). 2. Not only is Canada a travelling paradise for tourists but also an ideal fairyland to ______ (定居)for people all over the world. 3. He ______(对……有天赋)communication, and thus he ______(设法做到)mix with all kinds of people in his job. 4. He prefers to work out the puzzle by himself ______(与其/不愿)seek help from others. 5. It is suggested that government ______(采取措施)to prevent the infectious disease from spreading. 6. 站在塔顶上,我发现自己被云雾包围着。然而我仍能看到远处的山。那迷人的景色 给我留下了深刻的印象。 Standing at the top of the tower, I ______ by some clouds. However, I could still see the mountains ______. The beautiful scenery impressed me a lot. 7. 加拿大占地面积约 1000 万平方公里,有 3000 多万人口,是世界第二在国家。 Canada, with an area of approximately 10 million square kilometers and a population of slightly over 30 million, is ______ in the world. 8. 全家将去北京旅行的消息使孩子们非常激动。 The news that the whole family would ______cheered the kids up. 9. 明媚的阳光,宜人的气候以及迷人的风景使加州南部成为最吸引人的旅游胜地之一。 The constant sunshine and mild climate as well as its impressive scenery make southern California______________________________________________. 10. 铅对孩子尤其有害能造成学习及行为等问题, 这一事实令我感到很惊讶。 I am surprised at ______________________________lead is especially harmful to children and can lead to learning difficulties and behavioral problems.

Book 3 Unit 1----Unit5 单词短语练习答案
一、1. independence 2. reminds 5. worldwide 二、1-5 BACCD 三、1. have taken place 2. to hold your breath 3. in the belief that 4. remind us of 5. without permission 6. It is obvious that 7.the one who/ those who, gain knowledge 8. looks as if 9. permission, set off for 10. Finding, drowned his sadness Book3 Unit 2 一、1. balance 2. curiosity 3. digested 4. benefit 5. strength 二、 1-5 DCDAC 三、1.telling lies 2.lose weight 3. to win back 4. get away with it 5. Neither you nor I 6. more painful 7. keeping a balance 8. playing tricks / a trick 9. With the doctor ’s help/ With the help of the doctor 10. must have apologized to/ must have made an apology to Book 3 Unit 3 一、1. author 2. accounted 3. spot 4. passage 5.genuine
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Book 3 Unit1 3. belief 4. admire

二、1-5 CABAC 三、1. in rags 2. by accident 3. a large amount of money 4. on no account 5. As for 6. Whatever we do 7. Contrary to; seek fame 8. which accounted for 9. It is well-known that 10. It is; that/who Book 3 Unit 4 一、1. harmful 2. Puzzled 3. violent 5. theory 二、1-5 DBAAC 三、1. broke out, in time 2. blocks out 3. Now that, in its turn 4. On a global scale 5. was brought up 6. It is suggested that 7. depends on whether 8. which makes it impossible 9. too, to 10. as pleasant Book 3 Unit 5 一、1. abroad 2. wealthy 3. multicultural 4. scenery 5. distance 二、1-5 DCAAB 三、 1. within everyone’s reach 2. settle down 3. has a gift for, manages to 4. rather than 5. (should) take measures 6. found myself surrounded, in the distance 7. the second largest country 8. go/be on a trip to Beijing 9. one of the most popular/ attractive tourist destinations 10. the fact that

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