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2014北京东城高考一模英语(word解析)


北京市东城区 2013—2014 学年度第二学期高三综合练习(一)

英 语 试 题
第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节, 满分 45 分) 第一节:单项填空(共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. There are plenty of veget

ables in the fridge. You needn't buy____ A. some A. was developed C. has developed A. wouldn't A. when A. sent B. any B. developed D. has been developed B. needn't B. who B. to send C. mustn't C. whose C. sending D. mightn't D. where D. being sent C. few D. little 22. The pianist ______ a love for music when he was a little boy.

23. You ______ take photos inside the museum; it is forbidden. 24. The editor got an e-mail from a reader, ______asked him how to submit articles to the magazine. 25. It is usually cheaper to have the goods _______by sea than by air. 26. —Your computer is working again! —Yes, there was something wrong with its screen, but it____________ A. had been repaired B. is being repaired C. has been repaired D. would be repaired 27. Ken s next-door neighbour had a party last night, _______the noise kept him awake all night. A. but A. Use A. to see B. or B. To use B. seeing C. for C. Using C. to be seeing D. and D. Used D. having seen 28. ______ the Internet, we are able to get up-to-date information from a variety of sources. 29. Joe looked closely at his car_________ if it had been damaged. 30. —Where is Jack? I haven’t seen him recently. —He_____ his holiday in Pairs A. is spending A. Where A. in case B. spent B. When B. even though C. has spent C. That C. as if D. will spend D. What D. now that

31. ______ Nancy likes best about college is that she can meet people from all over the country. 32. I can remember my first day of school ______ it were yesterday. 33. In many big cities in the world, the overuse of cars is considered ___________one of the
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A. for A. that

B. by B. where

C. to C. why

D. as D. whether

34. One strong public opinion in the USA. is _____ government should control the use of gun. 35. —Betty, why are you here? Don't you know the meeting has been cancelled? —No. I don't. Someone ________me. A. could tell C. would have told B. might tell D. should have told

第二节 完型填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题 卡上涂黑。 It was the first morning of the New Year and the weather was very cold.I have always been an early bird and my morning walks have been the 36 for the last 7 years, so I put on my shoes to 37 for my first walk of the New Year. There was complete 38 outside.Litter could be seen everywhere.It seemed that everyone had an all-night _39 . It was too cold to 40 anyone to be awake to clear all the walkways at 5 in the morning. I was 41 to walk on the dirty walkways and decided to go back home. I was about to leave 42 I saw Sam cleaning the garden.He is an employee of our society association and is 43 to take care of the walkways and the garden.I walked up to Sam as it was a(n) 44 to see him there cleaning at this time.He saw me and politely 45 me, "Happy New Year!" “How come you are here and doing all this on the very first day of a new year?” I asked. Sam answered__46_, “It is the first day of the year so they should feel good and special. For me, today is like any other__47 _day and my job starts with the 48 .” It was good to see someone so 49 at heart. Like other staff members, Sam could have taken a day__50__, but he woke up early and came for all of us. I suddenly realized life does not 51 when the clock strikes twelve at midnight and a New Year begins. We 52 all night, the surround dirty.Life goes on and others need to 53 up early and clear the garbage.Isn't the very next morning a new day of a New Year for all those who clear our garbage? Why can't we also keep our 54 clean so that everyone can have a New Year the very next day? It is true that small things can make a big 55 in our lives. 36.A.manner B.trend C.routine D.procedure 37.A.look B.send C.long D.head 38.A.waste B.freedom C.silence D.absence 39.A.celebration B.tradition C.decoration D.pollution 40.A.order B.expect C.trust D.catch 41.A.tired B.scared C.puzzled D.annoyed 42.A.because B.though C.unless D.when 43.A.advised B.promoted C.supposed D.determined 44.A.pleasure B.success C.surprise D.honour 45.A.suggested B.wished C.asked. D.congratulated 46.A.coldly B.hopefully C.casually D.calmly
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47.A.dirty B.narrow C.busy D.cold 48.A.beginning B.same C.special D.new 49.A.devoted B.cautious C.honest D.polite 50.A.over B.out C.up . D.off 51.A.change B.improve C.return D.happen 52.A.sleep B.party C.work D.clean 53.A.put B.stay C.wake D.pick 54.A.surroundings B.conditions C.background D.location 55.A.decision' B.difference C.promise D.suggestion 第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题,每题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。 A You know what it’s like.You've just arrived in Toronto after a long flight, and all you really want to do is to lie down and relax in your hotel room.But first you have to make a few quick notes for tomorrow's meeting, then check your e-mails, and perhaps print out a few things.And you need to make a few local telephone calls, and one call home to your family. And what do you usually get? Your desk is just about big enough for a cup of coffee; there's no desk lamp; the stationery (办公用品) is a couple of sheets of headed notepaper; and a pen doesn't work.Printing has to be arranged with the Reception, and when you try to use your cell phone you find that it won't work in Canada. Well, Harmony is different.Just tell us in advance what you're going to need, and we'll see that it's waiting for you when you arrive.There will be a printer in your room if you want one, and a cell phone that really works.All you have to pay for is the calls you make. We can also arrange a room for business meetings, and, using the very best employment agency, even supply a secretary to take minutes.All we ask is a few days' notice. All our-rooms are of the same high standard, and we guarantee not to increase prices in the next twelve months.But book now, because we're already filling up fast, and we'd hate 1:0 disappoint you. Harmony-the hotel you ye always wanted; but never been able to find-until now 56.The advertisement is intended for A.airline staff B.business people C.secretaries D.tourists 57.What must the guest do if he wants a secretary? A.Inform the hotel in advance. B.Tell the Reception on arrival. C.Call an employment agency. D.Put up a notice in the hotel. 58. Why is it best to book now? A.The best rooms go first. B.Prices might increase soon. C.It ensures high standard rooms.
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D.Rooms may become unavailable. 59.What is special about Harmony^ A.It offers telephone calls for free. B.It provides printing at the Reception. C.It gives high standard information services. D.It makes arrangements to meet guests' needs. B Lumberjack Art When people think of an artist, they probably do not imagine a lumberjack(伐木工人)cutting down trees with a chainsaw.Yet many lumberjacks consider themselves to be artists. Instead of.patiently working on a large block of hard rock, however, lumberjack artists use chainsaws to. .carve their, masterpieces from wood. Wooden, sculptures (雕塑) created with chainsaws are perfect examples of folk art. Everyday tools are used to create art that focuses on subjects found in nature, such as bears or other forest animals.Not all lumberjacks are artists, but some chainsaw artists have been lumberjacks. A lumberjack, who is also an artist might cut down a tree during a workday. If the stump, the bottom of the tree, is a good size, the artist might be motivated to sculpt the stump into the shape of a forest animal. The chainsaw artist might also carve other large blocks of wood. Sometimes a homeowner might cut down a tree in the yard and then hire a chainsaw artist to create an outdoor sculpture from the stump.So, this art owes its origins to everyday tasks and nature. The origins of chainsaw art may be humble (不起眼的), but the practice has expanded well beyond turning a stump into a sculpture.In some ways chainsaw artists are like traditional woodcarvers.One artist said that using chainsaws was simply more practical . This person began his work as a traditional woodcarver-that is, he used hand tools to .carve the wood into the shapes he wanted.To save time, he began using a chainsaw to remove some parts of the wooden block. This artist realized that the chainsaw not only cut down large pieces of wood quickly, but also produced a distinctive and beautiful pattern on- the: wood.These patterns would not be seen in other pieces of art.Eventually, the artist began using the chainsaw for nearly all of his carvings. However unusual it may seem, chainsaw art is here to stay.The final test of success for any type of art is the enthusiasm and acceptance of the public.The conclusion is; people love watching chainsaw artists work, and people love the sculptures they create. 60.What do we know about chainsaw artists? A.They are originally traditional lumberjacks. B. They create masterpieces in woods and forests. C. They introduce a new concept of artists to people. D. They produce their sculptures while cutting down trees. 61. Chainsaw art A. is a kind of folk art B. is hard to be spread C. focuses on modern themes D. needs time to be mastered 62. What is mainly discussed in Paragraph 4? A. The origins of the lumberjack art.
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B. The experiences of a chainsaw artist. C. The procedure for creating a chainsaw sculpture. D. The application of chainsaw in the lumberjack art. C It was a dangerous period for Nancy where her own fortunes were concerned. She had to rely on freelance(自由撰稿) work for six months after Quality Weekly Magazine folded. The regular salary cheque had always seemed very small, but now it- was like lost riches. She sent many articles to other magazines. Sometimes she struck it lucky and got a task. She once wrote a short article of a politician who appreciated her fair-minded approach and gave her some secret information. Her article was noticed by an editor in search of something sharp and fresh. And Nancy was getting a name for sharp comment. In this trade, she saw, you didn't need so much to be up to date with things as ahead of them, lying in wait for circumstance, ready to jump. Then one day she walked into the offices of National Daily. It had taken her article and its editor had looked kindly upon her. Having handed over a piece on the latest educational theories she'd written, she fell into conversation with a woman she had known 'before. She learned that one of the paper's regular columnists( 专栏作家) had quitted the job. So Nancy made the necessary phone call to apply for the job. And then, the phone call came. She'd have a weekly column with her photograph next to it. There'd be a salary cheque, and perhaps fame and success to follow that. She realized that the job presented her with a wonderful opportunity. Later, when she was alone. Nancy thought that her appointment had probably been a piece of good fortune. However, she refused to allow the word '"luck". She must have got the job because she was good and experienced. What she never knew was that in fact the editor had been at the point of offering the column to another writer, Alex. When he was about to pick up the phone to call Alex, the colleague he most disliked walked into his office, and spoke with satisfaction of the possibility of closer association with this old friend of his. As soon as the colleague was out of the room, he reached for the phone, and rang Nancy. 63.Why did Nancy spend a dangerous period? A.Because freelance work was difficult to do. B.Because she reported some secret information. C.Because her regular salary cheque was too small. D.Because she lost the job in Quality Weekly Magazine. 64.Nancy thought the secret of success as a journalist was to ______. A.make positive comments B.wait and grasp the chance C.get along well with editors D.keep up with the latest information 65.In the last paragraph, the underlined part "this old friend of his" refers to ______. A.the colleague B.the editor C.Alex D.Nancy 66.What can we inter from the passage? A.The new job presented Nancy with pressure. B.Nancy got the job in National Daily by chance. C.Regular columnists are better than freelance writers. D.Working hard is the key to gaining popularity for a writer.
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D Running on Empty For almost a century, scientists have assumed, tiredness-or exhaustion-in athletes originates in the muscles(肌肉) .Precise explanations have varied, but all have been based on the "Limitations Theory".In other words, muscles tire because they hit a physical limit; they either run out of fuel or oxygen or they drown in harmful by-products (副产品) . In the past few years, however, Timothy Noakes from the University of Cape Town. South Africa, has examined this standard theory.Tiredness, he argues, is caused not by signals springing from overtaxed muscles, but is an emotional response which begins in the brain.The fundamental nature of his new theory is that the brain paces the muscles to keep them well back from the edge of exhaustion.When the brain decides it’s time to quit, it creates unbearable muscle tiredness.This "Central Governor" theory remains controversial, but it does-explain many puzzling aspects of athletic performance. A recent discovery that Noakes calls the "lactic acid paradox" made him start researching this area seriously.Lactic acid is a by-product of exercise, and the increase of it is often mentioned as a cause of tiredness.But when research subjects exercise in certain conditions created artificially, they become tired even though lactic acid levels remain low. Nor has the oxygen content of their blood fallen too low for them to keep going.Obviously, something else was making them tire before they hit either of these physiological limits. Noakes conducted an experiment with seven cyclists.It has long been known that during exercise, the body never uses 100% of the available muscle fibres (纤维) .The amount used varies; but in some tasks such as this cycling test the body calls on about 30%.His team found that as tiredness set in, the electrical activity in cyclist's legs declined-even when they were making a great effort to cycle as fast as they could. To Noakes, this was strong evidence that the old theory was wrong."The cyclists may have felt completely exhausted," he says, "but their bodies actually had considerable reserves that they could theoretically tap by using a greater amount of the resting fibres." This, he believes; is the proof that the brain is regulating the pace of the workout to hold the well back from the point of extreme tiredness. 67. Which of the following is supported by the "Limitations Theory"? A.Tiredness is caused by signals from brain. B.Athletes feel tired when they use.up all their energy. C.The body uses 100% of the muscle fibres in exercise. D.Athletes become tired though lactic acid levels remain low. 68.Noakes has found out that . A.muscle fibres control athletes' movements B.lactic acid levels remain high in cycling test C.mental processes control the symptoms of tiredness D.different exercises use different amount of muscle fibres 69.It is likely that both theories accept that . A.lactic acid is produced in muscles during exercise B.the oxygen content in blood may rise after sports C.tiredness is a harmful by-product of exercise
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D.the energy in human bodies can be 70.What is Paragraph 3 mainly about? A.The description of a new test. B.The explanation of the theory. C.The puzzling evidence of a study. D.The whole process of the research. 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,共 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选 项。 The iPon Generation Today it is common to see people who walk about with colored wires hanging from their ears wherever they go.They move about in their personal bubbles, sometimes unaware of what's happening around them.71 Outside life is shut out.So are you one of them"? For me; walking around in my own personal bubble is perfect. 72 What's even better, wearing earphones seems to give a signal to people which says; "I'm not available for chatting at the moment j" Suppose, you're at work and about to make an incredible breakthrough? but a colleague suddenly turns up.At this precise moment, the slightest disturbance would break your concentration.73 Once again, those wires hanging from your ears would be sure to give that "Go away!" signal. 74 It's probably part of the growing up stage when they just want to ignore their whole family.While their mothers give them lectures about why they should do their ' Yes.Mum.'' Problem solved. Pretty soon, not only will we have pretty colored wires hanging from our ears-but also our brains will be directly plugged into some new high-tech instrument . We'll be in a virtual (虚拟的) world, communicating with everyone else, or choosing not to, as we like.In this world, we will all be permanently plugged in.75 And they are changing our social habits along the way. In the end, there is a thin line between using technology as a tool for making life better and being a slave to it! It's so strange-suddenly, I don't feel like wearing my earphones anymore A.Our instruments are changing quickly. B.I also have wires hanging from my ears. C.In the home situation, teenagers love these wires. D.I don't have to deal with the noise from the environment. E.After all, I am listening to my favourite music and would rather not be disturbed. F.Listening to music through earphones is the perfect way to ignore such interruptions. G.They walk around in their own spaces, with their personal "digital noise reduction systems . 第四部分:书面表达(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节(15 分) 你的英国笔友 Chris 要在班级介绍中国传统文化,他发来邮件寻求你的建议。请你根据以下提示 回复邮件。 1.建议介绍北京春节期间的庙会(temple fairs) ; 2.庙会很受人们欢迎,有很多传统表演和小吃; 3.随邮件附上几张自己逛庙会的照片。
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注意: 1.词数不少于 50。 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 3.邮件的开头和结尾已写好,不计入总词数。 Dear Chris, Yours, Joe

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第二部分:知识运用(共两节,45 分)


2014.04

参考答案及评分标准
第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,共 15 分) 21-25 BBCBA 36-40 CDCAB 41-45 DDCCB 46-50 DABAD 51-55 ABCAB 第三部分:阅读理解(共两节,40 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,共 30 分) 56-60 BADDC 61-65 ADDBC 66-70 BBCAC 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,共 10 分) 71. G 72. D 73. F 74. C 75. A 26-30 CDCAA 31-35 DCDAD 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 30 分)

第四部分:书面表达(共两节,35 分) 第一节: Dear Chris, I am glad that you’re interested in Chinese culture. I think the temple fair is worth introducing. Going to the temple fair is a popular activity during the Spring Festival. There are many nice traditional performances and all kinds of local food to enjoy! Now the temple fair has become an important and joyful attraction for Chinese people during the Spring Festival. I have also sent you some photos I took on the fair. I hope they will be helpful. If you need more information, just let me know. Yours, Joe 第二节: Last term an English speech contest was held in our school. Seeing the notice, many students took interest in it. My English teacher thought it was a good chance for me to improve my English and encouraged me to take part. So I decided to have a try. During the preparation, my teacher offered me great help. She not only polished my speech draft but also corrected my pronunciation. As a result, my speech improved greatly. Then the day for the competition came, I did a good job and got the first prize! I owed it all to my teacher, Without her help, I wouldn’t have got such a good result.

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参考答案解析
完形填空: 38. 后文交代了作者是早上五点起床去晨练,所以说当时外面是很安静的。 45. wish 在这里是“祝福”的意思。Sam 在问候作者新年快乐。 46. Sam 回答问题的时候比较平静,因为这样的情况对他来讲已经司空见惯的。 47. 前文暗示街上一片狼藉,Sam 的工作就是每天把脏的街道打扫干净,当天的街道跟往常一样乱糟 糟。 52. party 在这做为动词使用,人们昨天整夜狂欢。 阅读理解: 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. A 这篇文章提到的酒店是商务酒店,所以答案是 B。 如果需要助理的服务,需要提前告知前台便于安排。 根据 because we're already filling up fast, and we'd hate to disappoint you 可知。 文章提到的酒店的特殊之处就在于它可以提供用户想要的服务。 B 在此之前人们没有想到伐木工人伐木是一种艺术,所以说这让人们重新审视了对于艺术的定义。 细节题,答案是第二段的第一句话 Wooden sculptures(雕塑)created with chainsaws are perfect examples of folk art。 第四段主要是讲这种工艺或是艺术是怎么样形成的。 C 细节题,答案在第一段的第一句,dangerous period 指的是她刚刚失去了工作的一段时间。 答案在最后一句,她认为想要成为成功的记者要等待合适的时间 you didn't need so much to be up to date with things as ahead of them, lying in wait for circumstance ready to jump。 文中代指 Alex 本人。 从最后一段得知 Nancy 从来不认为自己的成功是靠运气,但实际上靠着运气。 D 答案在第一段的最后两句话,极限理论人们会感到疲倦是因为到达了肌肉的极限, muscles tire because they hit a physical limit。 答案在第二段,N 认为是人的大脑控制了肌肉是否感觉到疲倦。 可以通过排除法得出,答案 A 的论据是这句话 Lactic acid is a by-product of exercise。 第三段提到的 lactic acid paradox 理论认为人们在运动的时候 lactic 的升高会使人感觉疲倦,但令 人费解的是当 lactic 还很低的时候人们就会感到疲倦。

七选五: 71. 第一段描述了人们带着耳机沉浸在自己世界里的状态,G 选项的句子同理。 72. 本段是在讲我也是同样的状态,并且我是认同这种方式的,因为空格前出现了 perfect。 73. F 选项中的 such interruptions 和前面提到的同事的打扰是相对应的。 74. 本段提到在家里也是同样的情况, 有可能是因为到了成长的阶段, 所以 C 选项说的孩子们都带着 耳机是相对应的。 75. 空格后的 they 代指 A 选项中的 instruments。
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