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高考英语短文改错和语法填空练习及答案


第二节(共 10 小题;每题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 语法填空:阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词 的正确形式。 Eleven-year-old Angela was stricken with a disease involving her nervous system.The doctors did not hold out much hope of her ever recovering __61__ this illness. They predicted she’d spend the rest of her life in a wheelchair. __62__ Angela firmly believed that she was definitely going to be walking again someday.The doctors were charmed by her __63__(defeatable)spirit.They taught her about imaging—about seeing herself __64_ (walk) . Angela would work as hard as possible in physical therapy(理疗) ,lying there faithfully doing her imaging,visualizing herself moving,moving,moving! One day, __65__ she was straining with all her might to imagine her legs moving again,__66__ seemed as though a miracle happened: the bed moved! She screamed out,“Look what I __67__(do)! Look! Look! I can do it! I moved,I moved!” Of course,__68__ this very moment everyone __69__ in the hospital was screaming, too.It was the San Francisco earthquake.But don’t tell __70__ to Angela.She’s convinced that she did it. And now only a few years later, she’s back in school. On her own two legs.No walking sticks,no wheelchair. 61. 66. 第四部分 写作 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作 文。文中共有 10 处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除 或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(Λ) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Yesterday morning,I was surprising to hear that my best friend Allee has been 62. 67. 63. 68. 64. 69. 65. 70.

hit by a car and was in hospital.The other day when he was going to cross a street, he was such careful that he didn’t go until he saw the traffic light to turn green.But hardly had he got to the middle of the street while he saw a car suddenly appear on his right-hand side and come directly towards them . It was too late for Allee to escape.He was hit by the car or was thrown a few meters away.He was sent to the nearest hospital immediately and had operation.When I went to see him,he was out of dangers but still looked pale.I sincere hope he will recover and return to normal as soon as possible. 第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词 的正确形式。 Once upon a time, a girl and a boy were playing together and happened 61 (enter) a secret laboratory. They found a mysterious machine. Out 62 curiosity, they pressed a button and the machine shrank the boy to the size of a marble(弹子). The children tried to reverse this action, 63 couldn't do it, and couldn't find anyone to turn to. The girl picked up her friend and 64 (put) him in her backpack, to take him home. The backpack was very 65 (disorganize)and full of all kinds of things, and the journey home was just terrible for the boy, 66 couldn't help but cry. When the girl tried to get him out of the bag, things were so jumbled(混乱的)that she 67 (could) find him. After many 68 (attempt) and many tears, she decided to remove every object, one by one. Thanks to this approach 69 finally found her friend. Both children learnt the importance of keeping things in order, even inside a backpack. The next day they went back to the laboratory, 70 a nice inventor managed to return the boy to his normal size. 第一节短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) As middle school student, not only should we acquire knowledge but also we should have good qualities. I think express our gratitude to people who helped us is one of the good qualities we must have. Two years before, my classmate, Wang Wei ran into difficulty because his father is diagnosed with lung cancer. His father’s illness added to his family’s trouble, but Wang Wei was in danger dropping out of school.

After learning about his bad situation, our head teacher gave him timely help by allowing him to continue his schooling with any tuition. With the help of the teacher and classmates, Wang had finished school. Just before this important exam he wrote us a letter expressing his sincerely thanks for all what we have done. 语法填空: 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单 词的正确形式。 There are two factors is the sort of brain he is born 61 (determine)an individual's intelligence.The first 62 . Human brains differ 63 (consider) , some however good a brain he has to begin with,an 65 he 66

being more capable than others.64

individual will have a low intelligence unless he has opportunities to learn.So the second factor is what happens to the individual—the sort of environment is brought up.If an individual is handicapped(受阻碍)environmentally ,it is intelligence of which he is capable. The importance of environment in determining an individual's intelligence can 67 (show)by the case of the twins,Peter and Mark.When the twins were three months old, 68 parents died, and they were placed in separate foster homes. Peter 69 ( education ) 70 had been was brought up by parents of low intelligence with poor

(like)that his brain will fail to develop and he will never attain the level of

opportunities.Mark was educated in the home of well-to-do parents

to college.This environmental difference continued until the twins were in their late teens, when they were given tests to measure their intelligence. Mark's I. Q. was 125, twenty-five points higher than the average and fully forty points higher than his twin brother. 61. 66. 62. 67. 63. 68. 64. 69. 65. 70.

第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) Last Saturday, our school had organized an activity to visit the children at a local orphanage.As one of the volunteer,I took part in it.We took many books as well many kinds of school supplies and toys for the children.They were delighted to

receive the gifts.In the morning,we played some games with them when we used to play in our childhood. Then we cooked and had lunch here. In the afternoon, we gave them some performances.Before leaving the orphanage,we had photos take with them and gave them our contact details so that they could keep in touch with one another.Each of us had a happily time.We gave the children our care and help,but in return,they gave us their smiles and love. 语法填空 Hello Kitty, one of the most famous imaginary61 ( character) in the world, greets us everywhere. Since she was born, she62 (gain) impressive popularity 一 she is 63 international fashion queen. 2014 was the character’s40th birthday. Fans from around the world gathered 64_ (cheerful) to celebrate their love of Hello Kitty. Hello Kitty was 65 (design) as a character to attract pre-teenage girls. The designers could not66(dream) that she would become such a67 ( globe) star as she is today. Helen McCarthy, an author and expert on Japanese cartoons, explained68the character is so popular. “Because Hello Kitty is all about happiness and friendship and fun. women and girls all over the world are 69( buy) into the image of the trusting, loving childhood represented by Hello Kitty." And the imaginary character does not only appeal70 females. There are also Hello Kitty products for boys and men, such as neckties and golf bags. 第一节短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) As we all know, everyone have a dream. I have dreamed of being a doctor since I entered into the primary school. Nowadays with modern life go rapidly, many people suffer from different kind of diseases, both mentally and physically. As a result, doctors are in great need at home and abroad. My dream is to become successful doctor, helping to save people’s lives. Although to be a good doctor was very difficult, I will do whatever I can to keep everyone health. To make my dream come true, I have told me over and over again that I’ll concentrate more to studies. After all, only by working hardly can one succeed. 语法填空 Tim Cook,the CEO of Apple,showed off their newest device,the Apple Watch.Mr.Cook said it was the most personal device Apple can do many of the same things 62 61 (create). The Apple Watch is a very small computer a person wears on his or her wrist.It an iPhone.The apps are customized(定制)for is on your phone. the watch.It is different than just seeing 63

Like a phone, you will be able to receive 64 (call)on your wrist. Mr. Cook smiled while 65 (describe)this.“I've been wanting to do this since I was five years 66 (final)here.” late April.They are sold at different prices, (make)of old,”he said.“The day is

The watches arrived in stores 67

beginning at $349.Mr.Cook said the high-end model,the one 68 18-karat gold,is thousands of dollars.

One problem with Apple Watch is that you need an iPhone on your body,or nearby,69 (get)this watch to function fully.Like a phone,it also needs to be charged each night. It remains to be seen whether people really want to carry both a smart phone 70 a smart watch. 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) I lived in my hometown ten years before. It was a quiet and beautiful village with green tree and clean water.I miss the days spend in my hometown so much. When I was in my hometown.I always wake up early in the morning.Some people took a walk around while others was doing their farm work. I used to go to the hill nearby with my grandpa on every day with a little dog following them .There I'd like to play the dog while my grandpa was taking care of his fruit trees.Sometimes I would go to the river to catch fish.What happy I was! I will keep the beautifully memory forever.

答案 (一)语法填空: 61.from 62.But 63.Undefeatable 64.walking 65.As 66.it 67.am doing 68.at 69.else 70.that/it 短文改错: Yesterday morning, I was surprising to hear that my best friend Allee has surprised had been hit by a car and was in hospital. The other day when he was going to cross a street, he was such so careful that he didn’t go until he saw the traffic light to turn green.But hardly had he got to the middle of the street while he saw a car suddenly appear on his right-hand side when and come directly when towards them. It was too late for Allee to escape. him He was hit by the car or was thrown a few meters away. He was sent and to the nearest hospital immediately and had∧operation. When I went to an see him, he was out of dangers but still looked pale.I sincere hope he will danger sincerely recover and return to normal as soon as possible. (二)语法填空: 1.to enter 考查固定用法。短语 happen to do sth.表示“某人碰巧做某事”。 2.of 考查介词。 本句意为“出于好奇, 他们按了一个按键。 ”out of curiosity 意为“出 于好奇”,符合语境。 3.but 考查连词。孩子们想要逆转这一过程,但是他们没能做到。前后句为转折 关系。 4.put 考查时态与动词的不规则变化。本文全篇为过去时,且此处动作 put 与前 面的 picked up 是前后承接的两个动作,故应用过去时。put 的过去式仍为 put。 5.disorganized 考查单词适当形式。根据后面语境“背包里装满各种东西。回家的 旅程对男孩来说非常糟糕”可以判断,此处应为 disorganized“无序的,没有条 理的”。 6. who 考查关系代词。此处需关系代词引导定语从句修饰 the boy,且在定语从句 中作主语。 7.couldn’t 考查对句意的理解。 此处语境强调“书包了太乱七八糟了,以至于女孩 找不到他了”。且后文也提到女孩费尽周折才终于把她的朋友找出来。所以此 处应是“couldn’t”。 8.attempts 考查名词单复数。many 修饰可数名词复数,所以应填复数 attempts。 9.she 考查代词。此处语境强调“多亏这一方法,女孩终于找到了她的朋友。 ”所

以主语应为 she。 10. where 考查关系副词。 此处需关系副词 where 引导定语从句修饰 the laboratory, 且在定语从句中作地点状语。 短文改错详解: 1.第一句 student 改为 students。根据后句中多次出现的 we 可知此处应为复数。 2.第二句 express 改为 expressing,动名词作宾语从句的主语。 3.第三句 before 改为 ago。站在现在的时间点上说“两年前”应改为 two years ago。 4.第三句 is diagnosed with 改为 was diagnosed with。此处仍为叙述往事,应用过 时。 5.第四句 but 改为 so. “他的父亲病重加重了家庭负担”是“他面临辍学危险”的原 因。故前后应为因果关系。 6.第四句 in danger 后加介词 of。固定短语 in danger of 意为“面临---危险”。 7.第五句 with 改为 without。根据句意以及关键词 any 可知此处强调应为“不收学 费”,所以应为 without。 8.第六句 had 改为 has。根据语境,应为现在完成时,强调截止到现在为止“已经 完成学业”。 9.第七句 sincerely 改为 sincere。修饰名词 thanks 应用形容词。 10.第七句去掉 all 或是将 what 改为 that。 此处句意表示“为我们所做的一切事情”, for 后面可以用 what 引导宾语从句, what 在宾语从句中作 do 的宾语; 亦可用 that 放在 all 后面引导定语从句,that 在定语从句中作 do 的宾语。 (三)语法填空: 61.determining 65.where 66.likely 70.who 短文改错: Last Saturday, our school had organized an activity to visit the children at a local orphanage.As one of the volunteer, I took part in it.We took many books as volunteers well∧many kinds of school supplies and toys for the children.They were as to delighted to receive the gifts.In the morning, we played some games with them when we used to play in our childhood.Then we cooked and had lunch that/which here.In the afternoon, we gave them some performances.Before leaving the there orphanage, we had photos take with them and gave them our contact details so taken that they could keep in touch with one another.Each of us had a happily we happy time.We gave the children our care and help, but in return, they gave us their smiles and love. ( 四 ) 67.be shown 68.their 69.educational 62.with 63 . considerably 64 . But


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