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专题检测卷(十一)
完形填空 (建议用时: 40 分钟) A (2013· 咸宁模拟) 体裁 记叙文 话题 态度决定一切 词数 292

Learn and Earn Charlie and

Jackie worked together in a whole sale company just after graduation. They were both hard-working. Several years later, the boss made Jackie sales manager, but Charlie 1 a salesman. One day Charlie could not 2 up with it any more. He

handed in his resignation letter(辞职信)to the boss and complained that the boss did not 3 hard-working employees, but only raised those who tried .

to make him pleased. He thought it was really 4 The boss knew that Charlie spared no

5 for the company all these 6 between him and

years, but in order to help Charlie to realize the Jackie, the boss asked Charlie to do the 7

. “Go and find out if there is 8

anyone selling watermelons in the market. ”Charlie went, returned and

said, “Yes, ”The boss asked, “How much per kg? ”Charlie went to the

market again to ask and returned to

9

, “$ 12 per kg. ” 10 question.

The boss told Charlie that he would ask Jackie the

Jackie went, returned and said, “Boss, only one person is selling watermelons. $12 per kg, $100 for 10 kg. He has a 11 of 340 melons. On the table are 58 melons, and every melon weighs about 15 kg, bought from the south two 12 ago. They are fresh, red, and of good Charlie was 13 .”

14 and he realized the difference between himself and 15 but to learn from Jackie. 16 person is more observant,

Jackie. He decided not to

My dear friends, you know, a more thinks more and understands in years ahead, 17

. For the same matter, he sees several

18 you see only tomorrow. The difference between a year 19 ?

and a day is 365 times, so how could you

Think: how 20 have you seen ahead in your life? How thoughtful are you? 1. A. made 2. A. make 3. A. enjoy 4. A. usual 5. A. rest 6. A. similarity C. difference 7. A. following B. became B. catch B. meet B. unfair B. trouble C. remained C. keep C. repay C. strange C. effect B. relationship D. distance B. finding D. kept D. put D. value D. selfless D. effort

C. shopping 8. A. still 9. A. offer 10. A. difficult 11. A. total 12. A. days C. years 13. A. value C. service 14. A. struck C. puzzled 15. A. stay 16. A. important C. successful 17. A. time 18. A. while 19. A. see 20. A. fast 【拓展训练】 根据文章内容回答问题。 B. depth B. though B. think B. far B. stop B. again B. answer B. familiar B. lot

D. searching C. even C. remind C. same C. pile B. months D. minutes B. quality D. shape B. shocked D. encouraged C. sleep B. intelligent D. hard-working C. need C. unless C. know C. soon D. order D. when D. win D. long D. leave D. only D. repeat D. simple D. number

1. Why did the boss ask Jackie and Charlie to the market? (no more than 8 words)

2. What’s the characteristic of Jackie compared with Charlie? (no more than 10 words)

B (2013· 开封模拟) 体裁 说明文 话题 健康 词数 277

Overweight has been a great concern for many people. In an attempt to keep normal weight, people have methods. Nevertheless, not all the ways are 2 health. For weight loss, many people 1 tried various

when it comes to 3 the high-protein,

low-carbohydrate(碳水化合物)diets. However, such diets might have 4 long-term effects on the colon(结肠). The diets can also create certain in the colon that could lead to colon cancer risk. At least it can raise the of the risk. The research has 7 that the diets can help heavy people lose weight 8 of keeping normal weight. 9 , any 5 6

so people would not lose the

weight-loss plan must include enough amounts of high protein that might have ill effects on the 10 . 11 three 12

The findings are based on seventeen overweight men who

short-term different diets. The result of the study proved that they had levels of some substances that have been 13

cancer when the men were

14

on the high-protein diet. When they were on the high-protein, 15

low-carbohydrate diet, they had lowered amounts of fiber-originated thought to be protective against 16 .

Exactly what those changes might mean for a person ’s health is 17 . But the findings suggest that people should be aware of protein and some fiber over a long period. 18 much

19 , experts recommend

that adults get about 28 grams of fiber per day—though it’s not known whether that’s enough for someone on a high-protein weight-loss 20 . 1. A. successfully C. happily 2. A. helpless C. useless 3. A. make up C. turn to 4. A. harmful C. beneficial 5. A. anxieties C. changes 6. A. treatment C. process 7. A. asked C. suggested B. painfully D. easily B. cheap D. beneficial B. come across D. get over B. good D. little B. actions D. feelings B. function D. possibility B. shown D. examined

8. A. courage 9. A. Moreover C. Meanwhile 10. A. brain 11. A. recommended C. followed 12. A. low 13. A. taken from C. held up 14. A. never

B. ability

C. support B. Therefore D. However

D. sight

B. heart

C. colon B. offered D. discovered

D. waist

B. high

C. general B. linked to D. based on

D. average

B. seldom

C. only B. conclusions

D. scarcely

15. A. competitions C. compounds 16. A. fever 17. A. critical C. sensible 18. A. consuming C. liking 19. A. For sure C. In all 20. A. report C. study 【拓展训练】 B. pollution

D. developments C. cancer B. believable D. unclear B. saving D. tasting B. In general D. In short B. examination D. diet D. cold

选词填空。 concern; attempt; amount; recommend; create 1. Can’t you make an 2. She to be nice to your sister?

that I try the soup. to us all.

3. The destruction of the rainforest is of 4. Why do you want to 5. I was surprised at the large

problems for everyone? of trash in the streets.

答案解析
A 【文章大意】本文通过两位同事办事的不同效率和思维方式向我 们说明了对待事情的不同眼光在人生中所起的重要作用。 1.【解析】选 C。前后照应题。根据句意可知 Charlie 仍然是个小售货 员, 故选 remained。 2. 【解析】 选 D。 固定搭配题。 终于有一天 Charlie 不能忍受了, put up with 固定短语, 忍受。 3.【解析】选 D。背景常识题。根据文意可知, Charlie 应当是认为老板 不重视真正努力工作的人, 只会给那些“马屁精”升职。 4.【解析】选 B。前后照应题。Charlie 认为这是非常不公平的。 5.【解析】选 D。固定搭配题。根据句意可知其实老板知道 Charlie 是 个工作非常认真的人, spare no effort 固定短语, 不遗余力。 6. 【解析】选 C。词汇复现题。根据下文可知, 老板为了帮助 Charlie 认识自己同 Jackie 之间的差距, 让他们做了同样的事情。根据第五、六

段反复出现的 difference 也可知。difference 为最佳选项。distance 指时 间或空间上的距离。 7. 【解析】选 A。前后照应题。根据下文可知老板让 Charlie 照自己的 要求去做, 此处 following 为最佳选项。 8. 【解析】选 D。前后照应题。根据下文可知 Charlie 仅仅去看了市场 上有没有卖西瓜的。 9. 【解析】 选 B。 词汇复现题。 Charlie 回来之后对老板回答道, 此处 answer 为最佳选项。 10.【解析】选 C。前后照应题。根据文章可知老板告诉 Charlie, 自己 将对 Jackie 提出同样的问题, 故选 same。 11.【解析】选 A。背景常识题。根据句意可知应该是那个人总共有 340 个西瓜要销售, 故选 total。 12. 【解析】选 A。背景常识题。根据常识可以推测, 那些西瓜应该是 两天前买的, 选项中 days 最符合句意。 13. 【解析】选 B。逻辑推理题。西瓜很新鲜, 瓜瓤又红, 可推出西瓜 的品质很好。 14. 【解析】选 A。前后照应题。Charlie 顿时目瞪口呆, 说不出话, 故 选 struck。 15. 【解析】选 D。前后照应题。根据下文可知, Charlie 应该是决定留 下了。 16. 【解析】选 C。前后照应题。根据文意, 一个比别人更成功的人必 然会观察更多, 考虑更多, 理解更深刻, successful 最符合语境。

17. 【解析】选 B。固定搭配题。比别人考虑问题要更深刻, in depth 固 定结构, 深入地, 全面地。 18. 【解析】选 A。语法结构题。成功的人目光更长远, while 用在此处 表对比。 19. 【解析】选 D。前后照应题。这样的话, 你如何胜过他人呢? 20. 【解析】选 B。背景常识题。根据上文可知作者认为, 眼光的长远 决定成功与否, 故选 far。 【拓展训练】 答案:1. To prove the difference between them. 2. Jackie is more thoughtful and can see ahead farther. B 【文章大意】许多人为减肥绞尽脑汁, 为了减肥食用高蛋白低碳水 化合物的食物, 而研究却发现这些食物可以诱发结肠癌。 1. 【解析】选 B。考查背景常识。从 overweight 到 normal weight 所用 的方法肯定是令人痛苦的, 故用 painfully。 2. 【解析】 选 D。 考查对上下文语境的理解。 由下文 However, such diets might have long-term effects on the colon. 可知并不是所有的方法都有好 处。 3. 【解析】选 C。考查短语辨析。为了减肥, 许多人都转向高蛋白低 碳水化合物的饮食。turn to 转向, 求助于; make up 组成, 虚构; come across 偶然遇到; get over 克服。

4. 【解析】选 A。考查对上下文语境的理解。由下句 The diets can also create certain in the colon that could lead to colon cancer risk. 可知这些饮食 对结肠从长远来看是有害的。 5. 【解析】选 C。考查对上下文语境的理解。由 that could lead to colon cancer risk 可知这些饮食使结肠发生某些变化。change 变化; anxiety 忧 虑; action 行为; feeling 情感。 6. 【解析】选 D。考查词义辨析。至少它会增加这种风险的可能性。 possibility 可能性; treatment 治疗; function 功能; process 过程。 7. 【解析】选 B。考查词义辨析。句子的主语是 research, 只能使用 show(表明)。ask 问; suggest 建议; examine 检查。 8.【解析】选 A。考查词义辨析。由于这些饮食有助于减肥, 所以人们 就不会失去保持正常体重的勇气。courage 勇气; ability 能力; support 支 持; sight 视力。 9. 【解析】选 D。考查对上下文语境的理解。上句讲这些饮食有助于 减肥 , 下句讲任何减肥的计划必须包括足量的可能对结肠有不好的影 响的高蛋白, 前后句为转折关系, 故 D 项正确。 however 然而; moreover 而且; therefore 因此; meanwhile 与此同时。 10.【解析】选 C。考查对上下文语境的理解。根据上文 However, such diets might have long-term effects on the colon. 可知。

11. 【解析】选 C。考查对上下文语境的理解。根据下文 when the men were

on the high-protein diet 可知此处指接受这种饮食。 follow 接受, 遵循; recommend 推荐; offer 提供; discover 发现。 12.【解析】选 B。考查对上下文语境的理解。由后半句 that have been cancer when the men were 知。 13. 【解析】选 B。考查对上下文语境的理解。由上文 The diets can also create certain in the colon that could lead to colon cancer risk. 可 on the high-protein diet 可

知这些物质可以诱发癌症。be linked to 与……有联系; be taken from 取 自; hold up 拦截; be based on 基于。 14.【解析】选 C。考查词义辨析。only 仅仅; never 从未; seldom 很少; scarcely 刚, 几乎不, 简直不。 15. 【解析】选 C。考查背景常识。根据常识可知这些饮食应属于化合 物。compound 化合物; competition 比赛; conclusion 结论; development 发展阶段。 16. 【解析】 选 C。 考查对上下文语境的理解。 根据上文 The result of the study proved that they had been cancer when the men were 知。 17. 【解析】选 D。考查词义辨析。确实那些变化对人的健康意味着什 么还不清楚。 unclear 不清楚的 ; critical 挑剔的 ; believable 可信的 ; sensible 敏感的。 on the high-protein diet. 可 levels of some substances that have

18. 【解析】选 A。考查词义辨析。这些发现建议人们长时间吃许多蛋 白质和一些纤维素。consume 消费, 耗尽; save 节省; like 喜欢; taste 品 尝。 19. 【解析】选 B。考查短语辨析。本句讲专家对减肥的人饮食的建议, 因此 B 项正确。in general 通常, 一般来说; for sure 无疑; in all 总共; in short 简言之。 20. 【解析】选 D。考查对上下文语境的理解。根据 adults get about 28 grams of fiber per day 可知。 【拓展训练】 答案:1. attempt 2. recommended 3. concern 4. create 5. amount

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