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必4M1life inthe future


What life will be like in the future?

Module 1

Life in the Future

? Introduction

? 1.

alternative (1). adj.替换的;其他的;供选择的 (2). c. n.选择;供选择的东西

构词解析: alternative adj. 替换的;其他的;供选择的 ? c. n. 选择;供选择的东西; ? alternatively adv. 供选择地;代替地

? 2.

load (1) c.n.装载物(量); 工作量;(精神等方面 的)负担,负荷 (2). vt.装;装载?? 常用短语:load …with…用……将……装满 e. g. The table was loaded with dishes. 桌子 上摆满了菜。 构词解析: load c.n. 装载物(量); 工作量;(精神等方 面的)负担,负荷 ? vt. 装;装载 ? loaded adj.装了货的;满载的

? 3.

arrest (1)vt.逮捕,扣留;停止,阻止;吸引(注 意等) (2) n. 逮捕? ? arresting adj.引人注目的;醒目的
?

常用于短语:under arrest 逮捕;拘留

? 4.

limit (1) c. n.界限;限制? (常用复数形式) (2) vt. 限制;限定 构词解析: limit c. n界限;限制(常用复数形式)vt限制; 限定; limited adj.有限的; ? limitation n.限定;限制 ? 常见短语: a limit to/on 对于……的限制?? set a limit on/to限制……? the limit忍耐的极限

? 5.

command (1) c. n. & u. n.命令;控制,控制权;运用能力 (2) vt. vi.命令;指挥;能自由运用 构词解析: commander n. 指挥官;司令官; ? commanding adj.有威严的 常用短语:under one’s command 在某人控制之 下? in command 指挥;控制 in command of 指挥; 控制…… at one’s command 随心所欲的 常见用法:command sb. to do; command +that + 主语+ (should) + ?e. g. The teacher commanded silence. do ?注意:command后的that从句要用虚拟语气,即: 主语+ should + 动词原形,should 可省。

?

6. switch (1)c. n.开关; 转换; 改变 (2)vt. vi. to change or exchange转变,改变,开关电器 常见短语 switch on开(电灯等) switch off关(电灯等)

?

switch over交换位置,完全转变,换(电视、收音机等的) 台 e. g. I’m tired of this programme; switch (it) over to the other channel.我厌倦了这种节目,换个台吧。
注意:这三个短语都可兼作及物动词和不及物动词短语; 都 可分开使用,如switch on the light即相当于switch the light on; 当宾语为代词时,要放在它们的中间,如switch it over。

?

? 7.

attach vt.系;贴;连接;认为;赋予(重 要性);归结于; 属于 构词解析 attachment n. 安装;附属;附属品;眷恋 ? 常用搭配: ? attach sth. to sth. be attached to喜爱;依恋

? 8.

predict vt. 预言;预报 predictable adj. 可预言的;可预测的; predictably adv. 可预言地;果如预料地; prediction n. 预言;预报

? 8.

shape (1) c. n. & u. n.;形状;资态;情况 ? (2)使成形;;影响 shapeless adj. 没有形状的;难看的; ? shapelessly adv. 难看地; ? shapely adj.(尤指女人的体形)好看的;姿 态曼妙的
常见短语 take shape to develop towards completion (思想等)成形;具体化 e. g. An idea slowly took shape in his mind. 一个想法慢慢在他脑海里形成了。

introduction

Activity 1
? 1.Would

you like to live in it ? ? would like to do sth.想要做某事 ? would like sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事 ? would like to have done sth.本来想要做 某事(但是没有完成的事) ? 注:would like to do sth. 在简略回答中常 用其省略形式,即只保留不定式符号to;而 在would like to have done的省略回答形式 中要保留到to have.

? eg.①.-Would

you like to go shopping with

me tonight? ? - Yes, I’d like to. ? ②.-Why didn’t you come to my home yestoday ? ? -I’d like to have, but my pet was ill and I had to look after him.

其他常见表示想要做某事的短语
? 1.

enjoy doing sth. ? 2. feel like doing sth.

? 2.Bricks

are often used to build in many modern buildings. ? ① used to do sth. 过去常常做某事 ? ② be used to do sth. 被用来做某事,是 ①的被动语态。 ? ③ be used to doing sth.习惯做某事
? ?

?
? ? ?

used to do sth. 的否定和疑问形式: 否定 didn’t use to do used’t to do 疑问 did he use to do …? used he to do …?

? 3.Discuss

what materials your school is made of/from. ? be made of/from 由...制成 ? be made of 能看出原材料 ? be made from 看不出材料 ? be made up of 由… 组成 ? be made out of 由…改制成 ? be made in 在…制造

Module 1

Life in the Future

Reading and Vocabulary

Language points for Reading
1.add …to…把…加到…上。 add up to 加起来一共,总共。 ? 2. What will the city of the future look like? ? What does… look like? 用于询问某人外表看起来

如何,侧重其外表 如:

?

如何? ? 这人看起来什么样? What does the man ______
________ ? 3. get + adj 表示“变得…”

What does the building look like? 这座楼看起来

?

?
?

?
? ? ?

4. In the future , care for the environment will become very important as earth’s natural resources run out. (1) care for 爱护,关心 常用短语: take care 小心;保重; take care of 照料;照顾;注意; care about 关注,在乎 (2) run out 用完,用光.是不及物动词词组, 没有被动语态. run out of---- 用完,用光.主语必须是人. e.g. He __________________(花光了钱)that his mother gave yesterday. When water ___________(用光了), he stood there helpless.

? 2.

No one knows for sure, and making predictions is a risky business.

? 没有人确切地知道,而且预测是一件冒险的

事。
(1) for sure 肯定地 = for certain e. g. We will win; that’s for sure. 我们会赢,

这是一定的。
? No

one knows ________ sure what will happen in the future. 没有人确切地知道明天 会发生什么.

(2) prediction n. 预测 predict vt. 预言,预告, 预报 predictor n. 预言者,预报者 ? make a prediction 预测,预料 Is it possible to predict when one will die? 有可能
?

预言人的死期吗?
(3)risky adj. 危险的,有风险的。 risk n. 风险,危险 vt. 冒着…的危险。 risk doing sth. 冒险做某事 at risk 在危险中 take a risk/risks 冒险

? 5.

We will also have to rely on alternative energy, such as solar and wind power. (1) rely on/upon 信任;依赖 rely on (sb.) doing 指望,依靠;相信(某 人)会…… rely on sb. to do sth. 指望,依靠;相信某 人会…… rely on it that… 相信(某事会……) (2) alternative adj. 替换的;其他的;供选 择的 n. 选择;供选择的东西 alternative energy 替代性能源 alternative lifestyle 另类生活方式

? 6.

To get rid of garbage problems, the city will load huge spaceships with waste materials and send them towards the sun, preventing landfill and environmental problems. ? (1) to get rid of------是动词不定式短语做目的 状语; preventing landfill and------是现在分 词短语做伴随状语。 ? (2) get rid of 摆脱,除去,去掉 ? 他还没有改掉抽烟这个坏习惯.

? 7.

No smoking will be allowed within a future city’s limits. 在未来市区内将不准吸烟。 ? limit n. 界限;限制(常用复数形式) vt. 限制;限定; ? limited adj. 有限的;不充分的; limitless adj. 无限制的;无限的; limitation n. 限定; 限制 ? a limit to / on 对于……的限制 set a limit on / to 限制…… ? within limits 适当地,有限度的 without limit 无限的,无限制的 ? e. g. 我能为你做的事是有限度的。 There is a limit _________ what I can do for you.

? 8.

In the future all shopping will be done online, and catalogues will have voice commands to place orders. place orders 订购 ? eg. Our school has placed a large order for Founder Computer. 我们学校已订购了大批 方正电脑。

? 9.

Everyone will be given a telephone number at birth that will never change no matter where they live. ? no matter where they live 是让步状语从句, 无论住在哪里。 ? no matter +疑问词只能用来引导状语从句, 特殊疑问词+ever既可以引导状语从句,也 可以引导名词性从句。意为“不管-------,无 论------”。 ? No matter when (Whenever) you come to our school, you are welcome.

? 10.

All forms of recreation, such as cinemas, bowling, softball, concerts and others will be provided free of charge by the city. ? free of charge 免费 =for free ? e. g. Your order will be delivered free of charge within a ten-mile limit. 你订购的产品在十英里范围内免费送货。

? 11.

Distance surgery will become common as doctors carry out operations from thousands of miles away, with each city having its own telesurgery outpatient clinic. (1) carry out 执行;实施;完成(计划,实 验等);履行(义务,职责等) (2) with each city having its own telesurgery outpatient clinic为独立主格结构,用作伴随 状语。 其构成为:with + 宾语+ 宾补(现在 分词,过去分词,不定式,形容词,副词, 介词短语等)

? 12.

Senior citizens and people ------- using high- tech cameras attached to their head. ? attach vt. 系;贴;连接;归结于 ? 常用 attach sth. to sth.把…系在…上 ? 搭配:be attached to …依恋于…附属于..

Function: Talking about the future.
在英语中,表达将要发生的动作或事 有不同的表达方式。如一般将来时、一 般现在时、现在进行时等。它们所表达 的意思有所不同。具体用法如下:

1>“will + 动词原形”结构表示在将来某 个时间要发生的动作或存在的状态, 常与表示将来的时间状语连用。 e.g. They will come back next week. The project will be completed in a month.

2> “be going to+动词原形”结构表示打 算在最近或将来要做的事;或表示根 据已有的迹象推测很可能要发生的事 情。 e.g. Look! It’s going to rain. They are going to stay for two days.

3> 一般现在时可以表示按计划或时刻表 要发生的事。这一用法只限于某些瞬 间动词 如 arrive begin, come, finish, get, go, leave, meet, return, sail, spend, start等。 e.g. When does the summer vacation begin? My train leaves at ten o’clock.

The future continuous (将来进行时)
形式:will/shall+be+现在分词,如果主语为第一人 称,除在疑问句外will要比shall更常用,如: 肯定式:I/we will/shall be walking. He/she/It/you/they will be walking. 否定式:I /we will/shall not be walking. He/she /It/you/they will not be walking. 疑问式:Shall/will I /we be walking ? Will he /she/it/you/they be walking?

e.g. Our work will end in March. We will/shall be returning to New York. 我们的工作3月结束, 之后我们将回 到纽约。

1) 表示在将来某一时间点或某一时间段 (可能)正在发生的事情。常与特定的时 间状语连用。 e.g. At nine o’clock tonight I will be doing my homework.

2) 表示已经决定或安排好的要发 生的动作或事情;表示按预测将来 会发生的事情。例如:
eg.She will be coming soon. 她会很快来的。 I’ll be meeting him sometime in the future. 将来我一定去见他。

3) 将来进行时常用的时间状语有soon, tomorrow, this evening, on Sunday, by this time tomorrow, in two days, tomorrow evening等。 eg.By this time tomorrow, I’ll be lying on the beach. 明天此时, 我正躺在海滩上呢。

用动词的正确形式完成句子。 1. By the middle of this century, more people ____________ (live) in cities will be living than in the country. 2. Ten years from now, people ______________ (wear) smart clothes. will be wearing 3. No one ____ ever be living (live) on _______ will Mars.

4. Humans will be living (live) on another ___________ planet five billion years from now. 5. I hope scientists ________ (find) a will find cure for cancer. 6. A Chinese astronaut _________ (reach) will reach Mars by 2050.
注意:用于将来进行时的谓语动词必 须是可延续性动词,短暂性动词则不 可,如上面5,6题。

高考考点透视 1. At this time tomorrow _____ for New York. A. we’re going to fly B. we’ll be flying C. we’ll fly D. we’re to fly

【解析】

时间状语at this time tomorrow提示, 此
处可用将来进行时表示将来某时正在发 生的动作; 其余各项仅表示将来某时将 做某事。故选B。

2. Why don’t you put the meat in the fridge? It will _____ fresh for several days.

A. be stayed
B. stay

C. be staying
D. have stayed

【解析】

stay作“保持”解时属系动词,不可用
被动语态,排除A;系动词没有进行时 态,排除C;“will have stayed”强调肉 放入冰箱后的结果,从上文看,未放入 冰箱,故选B。

3. His mother had thought it would be good for his character to ______ from home and earn some money on his own. A. run away B. take away C. keep away D. get away

【解析】 get away from home离开家。句意为: 他母亲原本认为他离开家自己赚钱对锻 炼他的性格有好处。答案D。

4. He’d like to sleep with the window ___ at night. A. open wide B. open widely C. wide open D. opened wide

【解析】
此处考查“with + 复合结构”,形容

词open作宾补,表示状态,副词
wide修饰open, 表示程度。widely往

往表示抽象意义,故答案C。

Cultural Corner Famous Last Words
? 1.

Not all predications comes true. ? not 与all ,every, both等连用时,表示部分否 定,翻译为:并非都... ? e.g. Not all animals hibernate in winter. ? = All animals do not hibernate in winter. ? = some animals hibernate in winter.

? 2.

Work is now in progress on ….. ? in progress 在进行中 ? e.g. The building of the new gymnasium in our school is in progress. ? 拓展: make progress 取得进步 ? e.g. 你的英语进步了。 You have made progress with your English.

? 3.
?

on the way out 即将过时,即将灭亡. eg.This kind of hairstyle is on the way out.


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