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高中英语难点讲解


难点 21 多变的省略句

英语中省略现象较为普遍,对省略的考查已成为高考中的热点。句子成分的省略,可分 为以下几种情况: 1.省略主语,主谓语或主谓的一部分 2.不定式符号 to 的省略 3.不定式结构中动词的省略 4.状语从句中的省略 5.定语从句中关系词的省略 6.虚拟语气中 if 和 should 的省略 7.考查 not,so,neither,nor

的“替代性”省略 ●难点磁场 1.(★★★★)John plays football________,if not better than,David. A.as well B.as well as C.so well D.so well as 2.(★★★★★)If you go to Xi’an ,you’ll find the places there more magnificent than commonly________. A.supposing B.supposed C.to suppose D.suppose 3.(★★★★)—What do you think made Mary so upset? —________ her bicycle. A.As she lost B.Lost C.Losing D.Because of losing 4.(★★★★★)I thought her nice and honest________ I met her. A.first time B.for the first time C.the first time D.by the first time 5.(★★★★)Boris has brains.In fact,I doubt whether anyone in the class has________IQ. (NMET 2002) A.a high B.a higher C.the higher D.the highest 6.(★★★★)—You should have thanked her before she left. —I meant________,but when I was leaving I couldn’t find her anywhere. (2002 年上海春季) A.to do B.to C.doing D.doing so ●案例探究 1.—Do you think it’s going to rain over the weekend? —________. A.I don’t believe B.I don’t believe it C.I believe not so D.I believe not 命题意图:此题考查 not 在宾语从句中的“替代性”省略。此题属四星级题。 知识依托: “so”可代替某些动词后的宾语从句,但绝不能用 it 或 that。这些常用的动

词有:believe,be afraid,expect,hope,imagine,suppose 等。例: —Is she going to the party tonight? —I think so./I hope so. 其否定有两种:①动词用否定结构。 ②用 not 代替 so。 又如:—Do you think he will pass the exam? —I don’t think so./I think not.前者更常用。 错解分析:A 项应为 I don’t believe so。 C 项否定也应否定谓语。 解题方法与技巧:根据具体语言环境,正确运用表达观点的方法。 答案:D 2.________ for the free ticket,I would not have gone to the films so often. A.If it is not B.Were it not C.Had it not been D.If there were to 命题意图:旨在考查虚拟条件中 if 的省略。此题属五星级题。 知识 依 托: 跟 过去事 实 相 反的 虚 拟条 件 句结 构 为 If+ 主 语+had+ 过去 分 词 ,主 语 +would/could/might do?当 if 省略时,将 had 提主句首,即 Had+主语+过去分词,主语+would/could/might do? 错解分析:A 项不是虚拟语气结构。 B 项是跟现在事实相反的虚拟条件句。 D 项是跟将来事实相反的虚拟条件句。 解题方法与技巧:从题干的后一句话入手,可看出 I would not have gone to?是跟过去 事实相反的虚拟条件句,故答案为 C。译为:要不是因为票是免费的,我也就不会经常去看 电影了。 答案:C 3.—You ought to have given them some advice. —________,but who cared what I asked? A.So it was B.So I ought to have C.So I did D.So I ought to 命题意图:考查 ought to 后作宾语的不定式的省略。此题属五星级题。 知识依托:ought to, want, hope 等动词后可省略作宾语的不定式短语,但该宾语若是 be 动词或动词的完成时,则需在 to 后加 be 或 have。 —Are you a soldier? —No,but,wish to be(a soldier). 答案:B 4.The research is so designed that once________ nothing can be done to change it. (NMET 2002) A.begins B.having begun C.beginning D.begun 命题意图:此题考查省略在状语从句中的应用。此题属四星级题。 知识依托:当主句的主语和状语从句主句一致(或从句主语为 it),且从句中含 be,可把从 句的主语和 be 一起省略,例: I wonder why he didn’t do as(he was) told to. 错解分析:A、B、C 项都为主动,而 research 应是由人启动的,应用被动。

解题方法与技巧:此类词,应分清主、被动关系。 答案:D ●锦囊妙计 掌握好省略句,应注意以下几条: 1.感官动词或使役动词(如:notice,hear,let,make)等后接不定式作宾补时省略 to,被动时 to 不能省略。 2.在 prefer to do rather than?,cannot help but?do, nothing ?but 等句型中常省略 to。 3.为避免重复,作某些动词(hope,want)等宾语或(tell,order,ask)的宾补时,省略不定式 短语,只保留不定式符号 to。 4.应注意状语从句、定语从句中的省略。 状语从句中,如果谓语含动词 be,主语又与主句主语一致或主语是 it,从句中主语和 be 一齐省略。 5.注意 not ,so ,neither, nor 的“替代性”省略。 ●歼灭难点训练 1.(★★★★)—Tom fell down from the ladder.I think his right leg is broken. —Oh,I________. A.hope not to B.hope not C.hope not so D.don’t hope 2.(★★★★)If________ the same treatment again,he’s sure to get well. A.giving B.give C.given D.being given 3.(★★★★★)—Aren’t you the manager? —No,and I________. A.don’t want to B.don’t want to be C.don’t want be D.don’t want 4.(★★★★)While________ for the bus,I met an old friend of mine. A.waited B.waiting C.wait D.to wait 5.(★★★★)I don’t like the way________ he speaks to his mother. A.which B.in that C.×D.on which 6.(★★★★)They had nothing to do but________. A.to wait B.waiting C.waited D.wait 7.(★★★★★)Children must be taught to act with good manners when________. A.speaking to B.spoken to C.are speaking D.spoken of 8.(★★★★)—Have you cleaned the room? —No,but________. A.I’m B.I am C.I’m just going D.I’m just going to 9.(★★★★)—Do you mind my taking this seat? —________.

A.Yes,sit down please B.No,of course not C.Yes,take it please D.No,you can’t take it 10.(★★★★)________ green,the door might look more beautiful. A.You painted B.If painted C.To paint D.Have it painted 11.(★★★★)—Is the boy very sick? —I’m afraid________. A.it B.this C.so D.that 12.(★★★★)They knew her very well.They had seen him________ up from childhood. A.grow B.grew C.was growing D.to grow 13.(★★★★)Rather than________ on a crowded bus,he always prefers ________ a bicycle. A.ride;ride B.riding;ride C.ride;to ride D.to ride;riding 14.(★★★★★)________ it rain tomorrow,we would have to put off the visit to the Yangpu Bridge. A.Were B.Should C.Would D.Will 15.(★★★★★)Though________ money,his parents managed to send him to university. A.lacked B.lacking of C.lacking D.lacked in


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