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art unit1 词汇


选修 6 Unit 1 Art

Ⅰ. 单词盘点 核心速记

abstract (adj. ) 1. ________
(n . ) aim (n. ) 2. ____ (vi. & vt. )

抽象的;深奥的 摘要

目标;目的
瞄准;(向某方向)努力

r />evident adj. ) 3. _______(
adopt (vt. ) 4. _____

明显的;明白的
采用;采纳;收养

ridiculous (adj. ) 5. _________ attempt (n. & vt. ) 6. _______ specific adj. ) 7. _______( figure n. ) 8. ______( appeal vi. ) 9. ______( (vt. ) (n . ) contemporary adj. ) 10. _____________(

荒谬的;可笑的
努力;尝试;企图

确切的;特定的
画像;身材;数字 有感染力;呼吁;求助 将??上诉 呼吁;恳求 当代的;同时代的

联想串记 faith n. )信任;信心;信念→_______( faithful adj. )忠实的, 守信 11. _____( faithfully adv. )忠实地 的→________( typical adj. )典型的;有代表性的→____( type n. )类型;典型 12. ______( possess vt. )拥有;具有;支配→_________( possession n. )(尤作复数) 13. _______( 所有;财产 coincidence n. ) 巧合 ( 的事 ) ; ( 事情、口味、故事等 ) 相合 14. __________( coincident adj. )同时发生的;同一时间发生的 →_________(

predict vt. ) 预 言 ; 预 告 ; 预 测 →_________( prediction n. ) 预 言 15. _______( predictor n. )预言者 →_________( preference n. )喜爱;偏爱→______( prefer v. )喜爱;偏爱 16. __________( civilization n. )文明;文化;文明社会→______( civilize v. )使文 17. __________( 明;使开化 visual adj. )视觉的;看得见的→______( vision n. )视力;视野 18. ______(

Ⅱ. 短语互译 1. 集中 2. 巧合地 3. 在19世纪晚期 concentrate on _____________ by coincidence _____________ in the late 19th century ____________________ on the other hand ________________

4. (可是)另一方面
5. 活着的;本人

in the flesh __________
appeal to ________

6. (对某人)有吸引力;(使某人)感兴趣
lie in _____

7. 在于;位于

8. 一直;始终 9. 挣脱;脱离

all the time __________

break away from _______________
也;还;而且 _____________ 大量 _____ 导致 _____ 大量的?? ___________ 以??方式 ___________ 因此, 结果 __________

10. as well as
11. a great deal 12. lead to 13. scores of. . . 14. in the style of 15. as a consequence

1. 选用框中词汇的适当形式完成句子 aim, adopt, typical, appeal to, in the flesh

appealing to the students for (1)The Students’ Union is ___________
donation for the earthquake-hit areas. aimed at becoming a good doctor in (2)She told me that she ______ the future.

in the flesh (3)I have seen her on television, but never __________.
adopted the French way of (4)After going to France he soon _______ life. typical way of speaking didn’t change at all. (5)Her ______

1. aim n. 目标;目的
vi. & vt. 瞄准;(向某方向)努力 (1)without aim with the aim of achieve one’s aim miss one’s aim take aim at 漫无目的地 以期??, 意在?? 达到目的 希望落空, 失败 向??瞄准

(2)aim at
aim at doing sth. /aim to do sth.

瞄准
旨在做某事

be aimed at

目的是, 旨在??

①Teamwork is required in order to achieve these aims.

要达到这些目标需要团队协作。
②They’re aiming at training everybody by the end of the year.

他们力求在年底前人人得到培训。
is ______ aimed __ at the teenage audience. ③The program __ 这个节目针对的是青少年观众。 ④(2012· 四川高考)By mentioning the names of the trees, the

aims __ to _____ show that the kids have learned much author _____
knowledge. 通过提及那些树的名字, 作者旨在表明孩子们已经学到了许多

知识。

【助记】

瞄准目标学aim

2. typical adj. 典型的;有代表性的

(1)be typical of

是典型的??;是??的特点

It is typical of sb. to do sth. 做某事是某人的特点;某人一向如此 (做某事) (2)typically adv. 典型地;有代表性地;一向如此 地

is fairly ______ typical __ of his early works. ①This picture __

这幅画是他早期作品中相当典型的代表作。
It ____ was ______ typical __ of ____ him to be late for class. ②__ 他一向都是上课迟到。 ③Typically, she had forgotten her keys again. 她就是这样, 又忘了带钥匙。

3. adopt vt. 采用;采纳;收养

(1)adopt an idea

采纳一条建议

adopt a(n) approach/policy/attitude 采取一种方法/政策/态度 (2)adopted an adopted son adj. 领养的 养子

adopt ___ the ________ children losing their ①Many people are eager to _____

parents in the earthquake.
许多人都期望收养在地震中失去双亲的孩子。 ②Our school has adopted a new teaching method. 我们学校采用了一种新的教学法。 ③His adopted son went abroad last week. 他的养子上周出国了。

【辨析】理解下列区别并选词填空

adopt

采用, 采纳;收养;正式通过

adapt

改编;使适应

填空:The young couple had no children of their own and adopted an orphan. After a few months, the child came to _______ adapt to his new life. _____

4. possess vt. 拥有;具有;支配

(1)be possessed of
(2)be in possession of be in the possession of have/take possession of come into sb. ’s possession

具有(品质、能力等)
拥有??(主语为人) (某物)为(某人)所拥有/控制 占有?? 为某人所拥有

①The police asked me if I possessed a gun. 警察问我是否拥有一支枪。

②Fear possessed him and prevented him from moving.
恐惧支配着他, 使他无法移动。 ③He is in lawful possession of a shotgun. 他合法地持有猎枪。 is __ in ___ the possession of an unknown ④The rare stamp __ _________ __ collector. 那枚珍贵的邮票为一位不知名的收藏家所拥有。 come ____ into _____ your _________ possession ? ⑤How did the painting _____ 你是怎么得到这幅画的?

【点津】 be in possession of 意为“拥有??”, 主语为人。而

be in the possession of意为“某物为某人所有”, 主语多为物。
类似用法的短语还有: in charge of管理, 掌握 in the charge of由某人管理 in control of控制 in the control of为某人所控制

5. attempt n. 努力;尝试;企图

vt. 尝试;企图
(1)attempt to do=try to do=make an attempt to do 试图做?? (2)at one’s first attempt in an attempt to do sth. make an attempt on sb. ’s life 某人第一次尝试 试图做某事 企图杀害某人

①(2012· 天 津 高 考 )Nyad attempted to swim the distance

between Florida and Cuba in 1978.
Nyad在1978年试图游过从佛罗里达到古巴的距离。 ②(2012· 广东高考)At the request stop that evening, the girl made ___ no _______ attempt __ to ____ stop the bus. _____ 那天晚上在那个招呼站, 女孩放弃了拦公交车的企图。

at ___ the ____ first _______. attempt ③I passed my driving test __
我考驾照时一次就通过了。

6. figure n. 数字;图形;人物;身材;画像

vt. 计算;认为;描绘
(1)have a good figure 身材好, 身材苗条

keep one’s figure
(2)figure that. . . figure out

保持(苗条的)身材
认为?? 算出, 想出, 理解

①Married women are increasingly likely to be older than their husbands, figures show. 数据显示, 越来越多已婚女性的年龄比丈夫的大。 ②Though in her forties, she still has a good figure.

尽管她已经四十几岁了, 但依然身材苗条。

figured ____ that she had got lost. ③I _______ 我认为她迷路了。

figure ___ out why he quits his job. ④I can’t ______
我想不出来为什么他会放弃自己的工作。 figure she always has to ⑤(语境填词)Being a popular social ______, figure and __________ figures out ways to attract the appear with a fine ______

attention of the majority.
作为一位受欢迎的公众人物 , 她必须总是以良好的形象出现 (在公众面前)并且设法吸引大众的注意力。

7. appeal vi. 有感染力;呼吁;求助 vt. 将??上诉 n. 呼吁;恳求 ①Does the idea of working abroad appeal to you? 你对出国工作的想法感兴趣吗?

②The government is appealing to everyone to save water.
政府正呼吁人人节约用水。

③The police are appealing to the public for information about
the crime. 警方呼吁公众提供有关这宗罪案的信息。

④She made an appeal to him for help.

她向他求助。
【归纳】补全下列短语 to sb. appeal __ to sb. _____ to do sth. appeal __ 吸引某人 呼吁某人做某事 恳求/呼吁某人某事(物) 向某人提出呼吁

to sb. ___ for sth. appeal __ to sb. make an appeal __

【高考链接】

(2010· 安徽高考)—How did you like Nick’s performance last
night? —To be honest, his singing didn’t _____ to me much. A. appeal B. belong C. refer D. occur 【解析】选A。句意:——你认为昨晚尼克的表演怎么样? —— 说实话 , 他的演唱并不怎么吸引我 。 appeal to 吸引; belong to属于;refer to指的是;occur to(被)想到, 发生。根据

句意应选A项。

8. by coincidence巧合地;碰巧;凑巧
by pure/a strange coincidence 纯属巧合/巧得出奇

It is a coincidence that. . .
What a coincidence!

巧合的是??
真巧!

①She and I both arrived at the same time by pure coincidence.
我和她同时到达纯属巧合。 ②By a strange coincidence, we happened to be travelling on the same train. 巧得出奇, 我们正好坐同一列火车旅行。

a __________ coincidence that she appeared at that exact ③It was rather __
moment.

她正好在那个时候出现真是巧合。
What __ a __________ coincidence !I wasn’t expecting to see you here. ④_____

真巧!我没料到会在这里见到你。

9. a great deal大量;许多 (1)a great deal 作名词短语时, 用作不可数名词, 可作主语、宾 语, 作主语时, 意为“大量”。 (2) a great deal作副词短语时, 可修饰动词或用来修饰比较级,

意为“很, 非常”。
(3)a great deal of 意为“大量的”, 相当于much, 作定语, 后接 不可数名词。

a _____ great ____. deal ①We are living close to each other, so I see him __ 我们住得近, 所以我经常见到他。 a _____ great ____ deal __ of training, he runs __ great ____ deal a _____ ②After __ faster than before. 经过大量的训练之后, 他跑得比以前快多了。

③A great deal has been finished, but there is still much to be done.

已经做完许多了, 不过仍有很多要做。
④(2012· 福建高考)This explains a great deal about how we

learn to smile, talk, walk, dance or play sports.
这充分说明了我们如何学会了微笑、说话、走路、跳舞或参 加体育活动。

【想一想】表示“许多”意义的形容词及数量词(短语), 哪些 可以修饰可数名词?哪些可以修饰不可数名词?哪些既可以 修饰可数名词也可以修饰不可数名词?

【参考答案】

(1) 修 饰 可 数 名 词 复 数 的 有 : many; a good/great many; a
great/large number of; hundreds (thousands/millions/billions) of; dozens of; scores of。 (2)修饰不可数名词的有:a great/good deal of; much; much of; a large/great amount of (谓语动词用单数); large amounts of (谓语动词用复数)。 (3) 修饰可数名词复数或不可数名词的有: a lot of; lots of;

plenty of。

10. on the other hand (可是)另一方面

on the one hand. . . , on the other (hand). . .
(引出不同的尤指对立的观点、思想等) 一方面??, 另一方面(却)?? first(ly). . . ;second(ly). . . 第一??;第二?? for one thing. . . , for another. . . 一则??, 二则??

①I want to go to the party, but on the other hand I ought to be studying. 我想去参加聚会, 但从另一方面来说, 我应该(留下来) 学习。 On ___ the ____ one _____ hand I admire his gift, but on the _____ other ②___ ___ ___ hand I distrust his judgment. _____ 一方面我羡慕他的才华, 而另一方面我却怀疑他的判断力。

one _____ thing I don’t like the for ____ ③I’m not going to buy it;___ for _______ another it’s far too expensive. color, and ___

我不打算买这东西;一是我不喜欢这颜色, 二是它太贵了。
【点津】 on the one hand. . . , on the other (hand). . . 常表达相

反或相对的两个方面, 而for one thing. . . , for another. . . 陈述
的两方面情况常一致。

Ⅰ. 用所给词的适当形式填空 were (be) rich so that there would be no 1. I wish everyone _____ fight for food again. adopted 2. Danny is their _______(adopt) son. predicted 3. It was _________(predict) that house prices would continue

to fall.
had set (set) off a little earlier, I would have caught the 4. If I _______ train.

aiming 5. I was ______(aim) at the tree but hit the car by mistake. convincing (convince). 6. I find the ending of the film very __________ preference 7. Many people expressed a strong __________(prefer) for the plan. 8. We have already bought the house but we will not take

possession (possess) of it until May. _________

Ⅱ. 用方框中所给短语的适当形式填空
by coincidence;on the other hand;appeal to;lead to; concentrate on;lie in;in possession of;scores of in possession of the new house located in the 1. We weren’t ______________ suburban district until July. Scores of people arrived at the stadium, excited to see the 2. ________ game. lead to lung cancer. 3. Doctors believe that smoking may ______

By coincidence I met the person we’d been discussing the 4. _____________ next day. on the other hand I can’t bear 5. I want to sell the house, but ________________ the thought of moving. appeal to consumers, but it does 6. Advertising is intended to ________ not force them to buy the product.

concentrate on the basketball match. 7. They wanted to _____________ lie in the fact that no attention has 8. I think the problem may _____
been paid to this matter.


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