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2015 高考英语暑假练习(13)
阅读下面短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳答案。 阅读理解 ●●● US Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld is likely to visit China at an “appropriate” time this year, a senior Chinese military official said on Monday. Colonel Tu Qiming, director of the American and Oceania Affairs Bureau of the Foreign Affairs Office at the National Defense Ministry, made the remark during Sino-US defense talks this week. This is the first ever between the two defense ministries, according to the Chinese military. ●●● FRANCES Agriculture Ministry has confirmed(证实)the first case of mad cow disease detected in a goat last Friday. The goat killed in 2002 tested positive for mad cow disease. It is the first case in the world of the fatal disease being found in an animal other than a bovine. The human form of mad cow disease causes brain-wasting, personality change, loss of body function, and ends in death. The European Commission has not advised any change in farming and consuming goats, said the French Ministry in a statement published last Friday. ●●● MOBILE phone sales hit a new record in 2010, with some 684 million units sold around the world, the US research institute Strategy Analytics said on Thursday. The number represents an increase of 32 per cent over 2003, when 571 million units were sold. Strategy Analytics predicts a more modest rise of 8 per cent for this year, to 735 million. Finnish cell phone provider Nokia stayed out in front in 2010, with sales of 207.6 million units, giving it a market share of 30.4 per cent. Motorola moved to No 2, just ahead of the South Korean company Samsung. ●●● SIX male penguins(雄企鹅 )at a German zoo are proving stubbornly resistant to females brought in from Sweden to make them into breeding( 繁殖 ).Of the ten male


penguins at the zoo, six have formed into “homosexual” couples and have shown no interest in the females, making breeding an impossibility. So the zoo imported the four female penguins from Sweden last month, full of hope that the new arrivals could “turn” the males. But so far, the boys are remaining strictly with the boys. 1. How many countries are mentioned in the pieces of news? A. Six. B. Five. C. Three. D. Seven.

提示:文中提到美国、中国、法国、芬兰、韩国、德国、瑞典。 答案:D 37. Which will probably reach the sales of 735 million units in 2010? A. Nokia. B. Motorola. C. Samsung. D. Cell phones.

提示:571 million,684million,735 million 均指手机销售总量。 答案:D 38. From the fourth piece of news we know that_________. A. the scientists haven’t succeeded in doing their experiment B. the scientists have successfully got six female penguins into breeding. C. the Sweden girls made the boys show interest in them D. German boys don’t like Sweden boys 提示:从 show no interest 和 boys stay with boys 可知试验没成功。 答案:A 39. Which of the following are the suitable headlines for the pieces of news? A. a. US Defense Secretary Visit Likely c. Mobile Phone Sales B. a. US Defense Secretary Visit Likely c. Nokia Stays on Top C. a. Defense Policy Dialogue c. Mobile Phone Sales D. a. Sino-US Talks c. Motorola’s Sales Reduced b. France Confirms “Mad Goat Case” d. Male Penguins and Female Penguins b. France Confirms “Mad Goat Case” d. Birds of a Feather b. Mad Goat Disease d. Importing Female Penguins b. Mad Goat Case d. Boys and Girls

提示:只有 B 能表达各则新闻的主旨,其中 Birds of a Feather 意为“物以类聚,鸟以群分”。 答案:B

A 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 Some years ago, writing in my diary used to be a usual activity. I would return from school and spend the expected half hour recording the day’s events, feelings, and impressions in my little blue diary. I did not really need to express my emotions by way of words, but I gained a certain satisfaction from seeing my experiences forever recorded on paper. After all, isn’t accumulating memories a way of preserving the past? When I was thirteen years old, I went on a long journey on foot in a great valley, well-equipped with pens, a diary, and a camera. During the trip, I was busy recording every incident, name and place I came across. I felt proud to be spending my time productively, dutifully preserving for future generations a detailed description of my travels. On my last night there, I wandered out of my tent, diary in hand. The sky was clear and lit by the glare of the moon, and the walls of the valley looked threatening behind their screen of shadows. I automatically took out my pen? At that point, I understood that nothing I wrote could ever match or replace the few seconds I allowed myself to experience the dramatic beauty of the valley. All I remembered of the previous few days were the dull characterizations I had set down in my diary. Now, I only write in my diary when I need to write down a special thought or feeling. I still love to record ideas and quotations that strike me in books, or observations that are particularly meaningful. I take pictures, but not very often--only of objects I find really beautiful. I’m no longer blindly satisfied with having something to remember when I grow old. I realize that life will simply pass me by if I stay behind the camera, busy preserving the present so as to live it in the future.


I don’t want to wake up one day and have nothing but a pile of pictures and notes. Maybe I won’t have as many exact representations of people and places; maybe I’ll forget certain facts, but at least the experiences will always remain inside me. I don’t live to make memories--I just live, and the memories form themselves.

26. Before thirteen, the author regarded keeping a diary as a way of ________. A. observing her school routine C. impressing her classmates B. expressing her satisfaction D. preserving her history

27. On a journey at thirteen, the author ________. A. nearly ignored the beauty of nature while busy making records B. hardly made preparations for a journal while appreciating nature C. suddenly felt it impossible and unnecessary to write everything down D. was entirely struck by nature and forgot to record anything 28. What caused a change in the author’s understanding of keeping a diary? A. A dull night on the journey. B. The beauty of the great valley. C. A striking quotation from a book. D. Her concerns for future generations. 29. What does the author put in her diary now? A. Notes and beautiful pictures. B. Special thoughts and feelings.

C. Detailed accounts of daily activities. D. Descriptions of unforgettable events. 30. The author comes to realize that to live a meaningful life is ______. A. to experience it C. to make memories 【参考答案】26-30. DCBBA B. to live the present in the future D. to give accurate representations of it

Every year 2.2 million tons of oil are spilled ( 散落,溅出 ) into the ocean. Actually, this only amounts to a small percentage of the total 1.6 billion tons of oil shipped around the world each year.However, this spilled oil has terrible effects

on ocean life, including the coastlines where the off washes up onto shore. Some of the largest spills in history were caused by oil tankers running into each other or by an oil tanker sailing into shallow water and hitting the bottom of the ocean. After these spills, officials try to discover who or what was at fault to help prevent similar accidents in the future. One of the worst oil spills in history occurred along the Alaskan coastline in 1989. In this accident, 42,000 tons of oil spilled from a tanker which resulted in terrible damage to this sensitive natural area. In this spill, the tanker's captain, who was tired from overwork and drinking alcohol, had gone to take a rest. He gave control of the ship to the third mate. The third mate was unfamiliar with the path the ship took, and he ran the ship onto Blighe Reef. Blighe Reef is a natural underwater rock wall near the Alaskan coast. Damaged by the reef, the ship leaked oil out into the ocean. More than 1,600 kilometers of coastline were affected by the oil spill. Some scientists who studied nature in the area guessed that 580,000 birds and 5,500 otters died when the oil from the spill covered their skin. As well, smaller shellfish and other sea creatures were later eaten by seals, whales, and other animals. The most oil ever spilled was actually dumped on purpose as an act of ecological warfare. The term ecological warfare means to fight by doing harm to nature in the area under attack. In 1990, Iraq sent soldiers into Kuwait and set off the Persian Gulf War. As part of the Iraq war plan,900,000 tons of oil were let out into the Persian Gulf Way Iraq. This oil covered 1,500 square kilometers of water in the Persian Gulf. The oil also damaged 650 kilometers of the coastline of both Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. In some places, oil floating on the water was measured to be 43 centimeters thick. Water birds, water plants, and baby fish were all seriously affected by the oil. The long-term effects of this act on the food chain in the area are bound to cause problems tar into the future.

1. Which cause of oil spills is described in the second paragraph? A. Dumping C.Accidents B. War D.Throwing about carelessly

答案解析:答案为 C。本题为细节理解题。从第二段的前半部分可知,由于油轮的船长过度 工作并且喝醉,将船交给了船上的另外一名对船的航线不熟悉的人,从而导致了触礁事件。 故选 C。

2. The creatures affected by the oil spill near Alaska were_________. A. birds and otters C. seals and whales B. shellfish D. all of the above

答案解析:答案为 D。本题为细节题。从第二段最后两句话 “Some scientists who studied nature in the area guessed that 580,000 birds and 5,500 otters died when the oil from the spill covered their skin. As well, smaller shellfish and other sea creatures were later eaten by seals, whales, and other animals.”可知,答案 为 D。

3. The third mate ran the thanker agound (触礁) in this accident because_______. A. he was tired C.he was talking on the phone B. he was drunk D.he did not know the sea

答案解析:答案为 D。本题为细节理解题。从第二段 “The third mate was unfamiliar with the path the ship took, and he ran the ship onto Blighe Reef.”可知,导致触礁 事件的原因是驾驶油轮的人不知道航线,与 D 选项意思符合。

4. ________ was responsible for dumping oil into the Persian Gulf. A.The United States B. Kuwait C .Saudi Arabia D. Iraq

答案解析: 答案为 D。 本题为细节题。 从最后一段第三句话 “In 1990, Iraq sent soldiers into Kuwait and set off the Persian Gulf War.”可知,对波斯湾倾油事件负责的是伊拉 克。

B It’s such a happy-looking library, painted yellow, decorated with palm-tree

stickers and sheltered from the Florida sun by its own roof. About the size of a microwave oven, it’s pedestrian-friendly, too, waiting for book lovers next to a sidewalk in Palm Beach country Estates, along the northern boundary of Palm Beach Gardens. It’s a library built with love. A year ago, shortly after Janey Henriksen saw a Brian Williams report about the Little Free Library organization, a Wisconsin-based nonprofit that aims to promote literacy and build a sense of community in a neighborhood by making books freely available, she announced to her family of four, “That’s what we’re going to do for our spring break!” Son Austin, now a 10th-grader, didn’t see the point of building a library that resembles a mailbox. But Janey insisted, and husband Peter unwillingly got to work. The 51-year-old owner of a ship supply company modified a small wooden house that he’d built years earlier for daughter Abbie’s toy horses, and made a door of glass. After adding the library’s final touches (装点), the family hung a signboard on the front, instructing users to “take a book, return a book,” and making the Henriksen library, now one of several hundred like it nationwide and among more than 2,500 in the world, the only Little Free Library in Palm Beach County. They stocked it with 20 or so books they’d already read, a mix of science fiction, reference titles, novels and kids’ favorites. “I told them, keep in mind that you might not see it again,” said Janey, a stay-at-home mom. Since then, the collection keeps replenishing (补充) itself, thanks to ongoing donations from borrowers. The library now gets an average of five visits a day. The project’s best payoff, says Peter, are the thank-you notes left behind. “We had no idea in the beginning that it would be so popular.”

31. In what way is the library “pedestrian-friendly”? A. It owns a yellow roof. B. It stands near a sidewalk. C. It protects book lovers from the sun.

D. It uses palm-tree stickers as decorations. 32. Janey got the idea to build a library from __________. A. a visit to Brian Williams B. a spring break with her family C. a book sent by one of her neighbors D. a report on a Wisconsin-based organization 33. The library was built __________. A. by a ship supply company C. like a mailbox 34. What can we infer about the signboard? A. It was made by a user of the library. B. It marked a final touch to the library. C. It aimed at making the library last long. D. It indicated the library was a family property. 35. The passage tells us that the users __________. A. donate books to the library B. get paid to collect books for the library C. receive thank-you notes for using the library D. visit the library over 5 times on average daily 【参考答案】31-35. BDCCA B. on the basis of toy horses D. with glass


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